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HARVARD 
COLLEGE 
LIBRARY 



4 J ^'i- i 3.3(.;: ' 



i^y/^, -^^cf 







CjEdmon;s 

^METRICAL PARAPHRASE^ 



PARTS OF THE HOLY SCRIPTURES. 

m ANGLO-SAXON; 



AN ENGLISH TRANSLATION, 

NOTES, AND A VERBAL INDEX, 

Bv BENJAMIN THORPE, F.S.A. 

HOItOBABT MKMIBI Or TSK laLAKSIC UTBHAST MtCltlT »F 







LONDON: 

PUBUSHED BY THE SOCIETY OF ANTIQUARIES OF U)NOON; 

AND BOLD BT BLACK, TODKG AND TODMC^ 

TATiancK irmKcr,. comer aABPUf, 



Mfi/. 2.-S 



j;t^/S' 3>L'f 



rf 



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PRINTED BT AICHARD TATLOBf 
tSB LlOX COVBT, VLBBT tTBBST. 



^NK.N 






PROSPECTUS OF A SERIES OF PUBLICATIONS 



ANGLO-SAXON AND EARLY ENOUSH UTERARY REMARKS. 

Vin>BE THB BUPBKINTByDSKCX OF A COMMIITBB OV 

THE SOCIETY OF ANTIQUARIES OF LONDON. 



The publication of the Renudnt of Anglo-SaxoD and Eaily English LitetatoM 
existiDg in manuicripk, with the addition of rach at have been imperfectly edited^ 
or hare become extremely rare, has long been thought highly desirable by persons 
attached to the study of our naticmal Antiquities and Language. For the smaR 
portion of Anglo-Saxon learning already rendered accessible to the student, ve an 
in some measure indebted to foreign scbolan ; and it has been deemed a subject 
of national reproach, that numerous WoiIes of equal or greater importance QnchK 
ding many interesting Tolumes of History, Poetry and Romance in the Anglo-Nor- 
man tongue,) should hare still remained unpublisbed. To supply these deficiencies^ 
it was lately proposed to establish a new sodety, and a subsaiption was set on 
foot to cany that object into execution. The promoters of this measure thought it 
right, howerer, to submit it to the Sodety of Antiq[uaries (of whidi many of them 
were Fellows), as being entirely in accordance with the purposes for whicb that 
Sodety was founded ; and it was, on mature consideration, determined by tlie 
Council, to recommend that the Society of Antiquaries should take upon Uiem- 
selves the direction and execution of some of these Works, at their own expense, re- 
ceiving such a return for the outlay as the sale of tbem might aflbrd<^ Accordingly, 
a Report to the above effect was laid before the Sodety ; and the following Resoln- 
tiofu having been suspended in the Meeting-Room, during the period prescribed by 
the Statutes, was confirmed by Ballot on Thursday, Mardi 17, 1831 >— 

J?cfo/rf if,— That it appears highly desirable that this measure be undertakes 
by the Sodety of Antiquaries; but, as its funds are inadequate to dcfiny 
the whole expense, without ikkterfering with its other publications^ on 
the ordinal^' terms of distribution among its Memben, it appears eiqie* 
dient that copies of the intended publication be sdd to the Fdlowa 
at balf-price, and that an adequate price be fixed on copies for general 
sale ; by wbidi it is dcpected that a great proportion of the txpenaa 
would be idmbuned to the Sode^. 

For the purpose of carrying into effect the forcgdng Rcsdutiona, die Coundk 

aS 



vr 



PR0SPXCTU8. 



at dieir next meeliBg, afpwitod a Conmittc^ cnmwHwg af «W 
and mne &fhet Membcn idccted fron die Fdlo'irt «f iW Sodctj', 



TlicEail of AsKaocjcs, ILT^^Frtsidemt, 
HuDMHi GvasKT, Eiq., V.P* 
HeiiAT HALum, Eiq^ VJP. 
Rt- Hon. CW. WiixiAM* Wyhk, V.P. 
William IL Ham iltox, Esq.* V.P. 
Thomas Amtot, Es^ IWffMircr. 
JoBX Gaoe, Eaq^ DimUrs 
KicBOLAs Cablisle, Ea^ 1 SitrtUmft- 
HamiT Elu% Esq. i 

JOMM CALKTy Esq. 

Feavcm Dovcxy Ei^ 



J. H. M ABKLAB% Ei^ 

J. H. Mbeitau^ Ei^ 
Feavcm Palobat^ Ei^ 
HcicaT PfcraiBt Ei^ 
Sir TaoMAS PkuLui% 
Edoar TATi.oa, Ei^ 

To wboB bave 
TIm Bct. J. F 
FacDcaicK BIaboki^ 
W. Y. Omrr. Ei^ 
CaAai.Es P. CoorB% 



Hie Conmiittee bare thoughl it desiiaUe Uiat Aoglo-Saxaa Woriu shall be 
prinlsd in die ancient Chancicn, and be acoempenied, in efoj caat^ vitb an E»- 
^^ish Tiaadatiooa 

Ibe two first Works for publication ars^ 

1. GKdmon's So^tund Psrspbrasey edited from dieBodiciattllSsbjBe^{aiab 
Thorpe, Eiq. F.SJL with an English TVanslationy Pkelaoe, and Notes. The IDii- 
mtnationsy fifty in number, have been engraved by ^tr. Baaing accoanpanied bj 
lao«iniieSpecnnens of the MS^ and given to die Fdlows of the Society in Oe 
twenty-fourth rolmne of the Ardiaeolcgiay with a Descriptive Notiee ef the MS. 
by Heniy EBii^ Esq., which bad been preiiously read at Ae Society's Meetii^gB. 
Separate espies of die Engrayuigs and D es c rip t i f e Nodca bar* been atmck off for 



2. Layamen's TWnisladon of Wace's Chnmide of the Bm^ fioos the Cottoniaa 
MSS^ CaUg. A.ix. and Otbo C. ziii., indiiding the twoTezt^ to be edited by 
Fkederick Madden, Esq. F.SJi., with an EagM^ IVandadoo, Aefiwe^ and Notes. 
lUs Work win be comprised in Two Vohimes Royal Octara. The period of Ita 
pntiicatioa will be announced hferealler. 

Thoee Fellows of the Sodety who are desirous of posirsiing «dicr or both of 
these PnbBcationSi are particularly requested by the Conunittee tog^ didr naaies^ 
sit ss eaily a period as they may find convenient^ to Mr. Martin, at the Sodety's 



The Woibs win be printed by Mr.lUchard Taylor, F.S. A., and die copies wbidi 
are not diiposed of to the Feflows of die Society, wfll be sold by Messrs. Black» 
Yunng and Young, 2 Tavistock Street, Covent Garden. 



TRANSLATOR'S PREFACE. 



Having been led by curcumstances to tbe study of our 
old vernacular tongue, I naturally fdt some desune to become 
acquainted with the works of one whom, justly or unjusdy^ 
I considered as the Father of EngUsh Song. Absence in a 
foreign land long prevented the gratification of this dedre,- 
beyond the perusal of a few extracts in the Rev. Mr. Cony- 
bearers ** Dlustrations of Anglo-Saxon Poetry*'^; but, on my 
return to England, having got access to a copy of the printed 
edition of the original text, I soon became convinced of the 
inaccuracy of that edition, and that the neglect which has 
hitherto attended the remains of this Milton of our forefathers 
is, partly at least, to be ascribed to the faulty and unsaUsfactoiy 
manner in which they have been communicated to the public 
It was therefore with impatience that I looked forward to the 
completion of the new edition announced by the reverend 
and learned Editor of the *' Illustrations "f ; nor until I had 
ascertained that he had abandoned the design, did I resolve on 
applying to the work, and endeavouring, as far as I was able, 
to supply what to me seemed a desideratum in our literature. ' 
This design would, however, have shared the fate of many 
others of a like natmre, had. not the Society of Antiquaries, 

« 

* Ittustntions of Anglo-Saxon Poetry, bj the Rer. J. J. Conybearft* 
M.A.» &c. ; edited bj bis brotber, tbe Rer. W. D. Conybeare^ M.A., fte« 
London, 1626. 

t See Dlttstntions : Introductioii, p. faocriL 



Ti TRANSLATOR'^S PREPACB. . 

upon application to that learned Body, liberally undertaken 
to defray the expense, not only of editing and printing the 
work itself, but of engraving fac-similes of the illuminations 
which accompany the unique MS. of the poem preserved in 
the Bodldan library*. 

^ About the middle of tlie last centmy it wu pvopotod to reprint Cvd- 
mon, iritli a trannlation, and to hare tibe illnniinationa tngnxtd, andcr the 
patronageoftlie Society of Antiqnariea; but, from fome cauaca wbidi are 
not mentioned, tlie pngeet was aband o ned, tbou^ engraringa were made 
from fifteen of tbe drawinga, the oi%inaI platea of wbich are in the poa- 
aeaaon of Mr. EOia of tbe British Moaenm. The foDowing letter from 
Edw. Rowe Mores to Dr. Dncard (see Nichola'a literMj Anccdotea^ toL y. 
p. 403 .) details the pkna of the Sazonista of that pctiod.' 

" Queem's CM. Oxm., Jn. IS. 1753. 
** Dkar Sia, — -Hie drawings yon mention are not in our library, but in 
tibe Bodleian, in the MS. Caedmon whidi we hare so often talked aboat. 
What we have latdy discorered at our College ia an index drawn np by 
Janivs to his edition of Csednum, which in tfie Bodleian Catakgne is said 
to hare been stolen ; but we suppose, that as Jimins*s MSS. were fcnmeriy 
kept in a closet in tibe school-gallery, Mr. Thwaitea might bonow it from 
dienoe; and, it bdng afterwards found in hir study, was^ wiUi h» father 
papen, inadvertendy reported in our archivea. The Dean of Exeter* ia 
Tery desirous that this index should be printed and ■««T^f^ to the draw- 
inga: which, he saya, he proposed to the Antiquarian Society to be en- 
graved at their expense; but without success. I did myadf at first think 
tiiat this work mi^t be published by our Society; but» for some reasons 
which have since occurred to me, I am now of a different ofanion. Mr. 
Lye has been at Oxford latdy; and Messrs. Wise, Lye, Ballard, and my- 
adt have held several eonsultations about reprinting Cadmon entire^ with 
m tiandation, and adorned wiUi all the drawings in the Bodlrian eppy. 
Mr. Lye seems inclined to undertake die tra ns la t ion; and Fletcher ia 
willing to pay all ciqienses of printing, if we will engrave the drawings. 
Mr. Wise is about printing a disscrtatioa on the true age of CKdmon, the 

• Dr. Charles LytteHoOp afterwards Bialiop of Carlisle, President of the S»- 
dsty of Aaliqnarica. 



.translatorTs PRBFACB. vii 

The text of the present edition b founded upon a careful 
collation of Uiat of Francis Junius* wiUi the Bodleian MS. 
In a few places, where the latter is manifestif corrupt, re- 
course has been had to conjectural emendation ; this, however, 
has been very rarely ventured upon, and in no case without 
giving the reading of the MS. at the foot of the page. 

Though the present edition be freed from the inaccuracies,, 
both editorial and typographical, in wluch the former one 
abounds, yet the text of the manuscript itself b in numerous 
instances so corrupt as to admit only of conjectural inter- 
pretation f ; and some few places have, I regret to say, baffled 
all my efforts even at conjecture. 

In the earlier part of the poem these inaccuracies are less 
frequent, and the sense continues imbroken, except in places 
where the MS. exhibits evident vestiges of mutilation ; but 
as we advance, errors and ombsions thicken upon us, till at 
length, in die second book, we find litde dse than a series 
of unconnected fragments^. 

cBalectB. and sereral other enrious Saxon mattert/'wludi I hope will put 
some of us upon studying this part of antiquity. I know of none at pre- 
sent who apply their studies this way but Mr. Buckler, who, though m 
MaTlsrdisn, is nereithekss, I beEere, a diligrnt and a learned antiquary. . 

" I am, dear Sir, youxs very nnoeidy, 

'' Eow. Bowx Mous/' 

^ Csdmonis Monadii Pkraphians poetica Genesios ae pnedpoannn 
Sacne Pttgiox Histoxianun, ahhine annos m.lxx. Anglo-Saxonice o&n- 
scripta, et nune primum edxta a FVandsco Junio, P.P. Ams-xlodami 1655. 

t Ihe fonner part of the MS. I imagine to have been written finom m 
copy, the latter from dictation; as it abounds pxedsdyinsudi cnrors as an 
illiterate man, writing from redtation, mi^t naturally be eiqieeted to com- 
mit. Some of these instances will be spcdfied in the notes. 

t It is ungular enough that, both in the MS. and in Junius*s edition, 
these fragments appear on the page asentixe parts of the poem, nnnotiecd 
as fragments other by the Saxon scribe or the modem editor. 



▼in lllANSLATOR^S PREFACE. 

ymtk respect to the question — whether then remains are 
the gemnne warJc of Qtdnum, or of some later hard ? — ^much 
has been said, and to little purpose. For my own part, I see 
no good foundation for doubt upon the subject; and not- 
withstanding the opinion of Dr. Hickes, and of others in 
deference to his authority, by whom the epithet of Fkeudo- 
Csedmon has been bestowed on the author of the present 
poem, I fed inclined to regard the work as the production 
of the good Monk of Whitby ; due allowance being made for 
such interpolations, omissions, and corruptions of the original 
text, as Csedmon, in common with the classic authors of and- 
quity , and still more with the vernacular writers of the middle 
ages, may be supposed to have suffered at the hands of igno- 
rant transcribers. 

Hickes's principal reason for ascribing the work to a much 
later poet is its dialect and style, which he calls Dano-Saxon*. 

* " Caedmone igitur abjudicandam Pkiapbrann censeo qoam d ioambit 
Vir maximcs FV. Juniiis. et tantnm non adjudicat in obseirationibiia ad 
WiUeiamiiiii p. 248. Ibi earn rocat bistoriamm Teteris tettamenti peianti- 
qiiam Paiapbraan, didtqne ummnera in ea oocnrrere qiUB penitiorem 
lapiiint antiqiiitatem. Denuo earn Tocat reconditnm antiqnitatis thcaau- 
mm ; camqne cttatoniB ntitur plane CvdmoniB nomine ; quan, ae judioe, 
Tere Caedmoms csset, qnam citerioris leculi poeta aliquis Anglo-Saxonnm 
septentxionaEi contexuit, Csedmonis, quoad operis argomentam^ qniaqnia 
fait, non infeliz imitator. Quod enim stylom genimnque operia attinet* it 
idem est in fragmento Hiatonae Judith, Calendario. et in additamento iDo» 
qnod in fine Pkiapbiaseoa extat, p. 91, (kmjwsce editionU p. 265,) qnod tamen 
csae citerioris antiquitatb operis argumcntnm demonstrat: de descensu Jesu 
ad inferos, de perruptiB ab eo infemi jannis, de raptis ab eo inde animis^ 
qni per Mariam Virgmem opem et misericordiam ejus prius imploniTenait.*' 

— Aidbfti Tlcaomtfy p. 1^« 

" Ante afiquot annos, literanun Saxonieamm instauratorem amplisn- 
mum D. Oeoigium Hickenum magna cum toluptate audiri de Cvdmone 
£taerentem et affinnantem bijusce Ftfapbiaieos auctorem non ilium fiusse 



TRANSLATOR'S PREFACE. ix 

Of this dialect I have not succeeded in tradng a vestige 
throughout the poem. In fact, from begmmng to end, it 

Csedmonem diTino inspirahun afBata, de quo tot pnedan tcripdt Beds 
Venerabilis in Historia sua Ecdes. Gentb Angldnim : ted alium quendam 
Caedmone multo recentiorem, qui Poemata fiia Aalecto Dano-Baxiwca * 
condita, area seculom a Chrifto nato dedmum edidit." — WatUeft p. 97; '• 
But tiie fullest account giTen by Hicket of tlie aingwlar opinions which 
he entertained upon this Bubject» it contained in a letter written by him» in 
1699, to his friend Bishop Nicolson. This letter is here giren entire, bom 
tiie Correspondence of the latter, pubUshed bj J. Nidiols, F.S.A., toL L 

^•^^^- ^ Lomdom, Afnl 75. 1699. 

*' Dear Sia, — ^Your letter of March 90 was sent to me from London to 
Oxford, which made me delay an answer to it tin I returned to London 
again. As for the Cotton Harmony, though one may reasonably suppose 
the Saxon in Caedmon's time not to be much altered finom the first Teutonie 
Saxon, yet, upon considering the Oallo^Italic, or rather FVanoo-Italie^ 
hand of the original, and that the fragment of the undoubted Casdmon in 
Bede seems not to be the same language with tibat bode, I g^ve it up to 
be Frandc, and the most antient jnece yet discorered in the old Teutonic; 
and, if subscriptions come in accordingly, 1 will print it in my book. As 
for Junius*s Csedroon, I cannot yet bdiere it to be of the true Csedmon's 
composure. First, because the fragment in Bede, whidi was the begin* 
ning of the true Caedmon, is not the same in words, or order of words* 
with that of Junius*s Csedmon ; but, bdng the same in sense, it seems to 
show that the author of Junius's Caedmon wrote in imitation of the tme 
Csedmon, and was not the true C«dmon himself, no more than the author 
of the Additament at the end of the book ; Uiough it must be confessed 
that the Additament hath a more recent air, at first sight, than the Pkim- 
phrase of Genesis, which makes tiie first part of the book. Secondly, the 
Menology, which is written in tiie same style and dialect, was written in 
Canute's reign, as seems to me from one expresdon at tiie latter end of 
it, before you come to the rambling dithyrambi^ (I hart not now my 
copy by me to quote the words), which is to this purpose : * Now may 
you know how to observe tfie festiTals through the whde BritM kingdom 
of the King of the Saxons;' and I desire to know your opinion if that 
passage doth not fix the time of the-Menblopum. Thirdly, the Tictory of 
iEthdstan, Chron. Sax. an. 938, and the death of Edgar, an. 975* botib 



ic TRANSLATOR'S PREFACE. 

is iRiritten (mth the excq>tion of some orthographical peca- 
liarities in the second hook,) in Saxon as pure as the works 
of Alfred himself; and its Danisms have no existence out of 
die imaginadon of the learned author of the Thesaurus^. For 
the sake of argument, however, let us for a moment allow 
Hickes to he right, and that the dialect is Dano-Saxon,-— 
what more can he made of the concession, than that the ori- 
ginal pure Saxon text is lost, * and that what remains of the 
poem has heen transmitted to us in a copy madehy a scrihe of 



written in the same style and dialect, are good asgumentB that tlie Paxm- 
phrase of Oenem ascribed to Csdmon was written about tiieie timei»that 
is to say. in the tenth centmy. Lastly, there are so many Dano-Sazonie 
words and phrases in it, that occor in jneces written not long before and 
m little after the Conquest, in such as are commonly called Semi*8azonic 
MSS., that I cannot but ^link it was written by some Northymbrian Qn 
the Saxon sense of the word.) after tiie Danes had corrupted their language. 
Among others, o for the Cimbric pneposition a, nr, occurs in him, which 
is general in Anglo-Nortmannic books written diortly after the Conquest ; 
as I hare shown in the chapter ' De Dialecto Nortmanno-Saxonica, sive 
Anglo-Nortmannica;' which, tibongh when I began it I thought would 
bttve afforded but little matter of speculation, yet hath it carried me into 
large theories; and could I hare foreseen whither your proposal of m 
diapter ' De Dialecto Dano-Saxonica' would hare led me, I should never 
bnTC had courage to hare Tcntured on the woric Whatever is written in 
the second edition, the worid b beholden to yon for it ; and I doubt not 
but it would hare been much better done, could I hare had your bdp and 
directions* as well as your encouragement* 

"l pray Ood to preserre you in health, and remain. Sir, your most 
obliEed humble serraat, O. H/* 



* I am not aware of any traces of Danish influence on our old mother 
tongue, except in die Glosses to the Four Gospck and the Fmlms, MSS. 
Cott. Nero D. 4. and Vesp. A. I., written in die dialect of Korthumbria; 
the Onndum, MS. BodL, the name of the author of which, Orai, would 
alsoseemtoinficateaScandinarian origin; and Uie Fragment of Cvdnum. 
pven at p. xxVaelr. 



TRANSLATOR'S PRERACB. ix 

Northumbrian at a period when the dialect of that part of En« 
gland had become corrupted by intermixture with the language 
of its Scandinavian invaders and colonists?* The identity of 
the poem would ne\'ertheles8 still be preserved. But that an 
entire^ and, for its lime, beautiful, poem, corresponding, as fiur 
as we can judge from what time has spared to us, in every 
particular with the account given by Beda in his life of 
Caedmon, — that such a poem is the production of another, 
and comparatively recent, bard, is a proposition too gratui- 
tous and improbable to be entertained by any one with whom 
adherence to a favourite hypothesis is not paramount to right 
reason. 

In King Alfred's Saxon Version of Beda's History the lines 
are given which Csedmon is reported to have composed in his 
dream. These have, by Dr. Hickes and others, been cona-t 
dered as the only genuine fragment extant of Csedmon's 
work : but when we reflect that the lines in question appear 
in Beda's original text only in a Latin translation, which Alfred 
in his version, instead of giving the original Saxon as written, 
by Csedmon, seems to have retranslated, they rather furnish 
additional proof in favour of the genuineness of the poem ; 
the ^'ariations between them and the lines with which the 
poem opens, being such as might naturally be expected to exist 
between an original composition and a retranslation from a 
translation of it 

The ori^nal MS. of the poem, preserved in the Bodleian 
Library, is a small parchment volume in folio, containing two 



* That copies of partB of the poem, at lewt, eziited in such tuietieB of 
^alect, it bigUy probable from the •pedmcn in the MS. EUem., fgtnu 
both in Wanley. and in Smitb's edition of Bcda's Ecdenastical Hiatoty» 
and reprinted in the present voloae, p. 



zii TRANSLATOR'S niEPACB. 



and twenty-nine pages ; the first two hundred and 
twelve of whidi are written in a fior, though not elegant hand, 
apparently of the tenth centuiy. The remaining sev^iteen 
pages, forming a Second Book, are in an inferior hand* 
writing: and as the orthography used in this part of the poem 
is less pure, and the language less grammatical than in the 
first part, it is perhaps* to be considered as less andent. 
Of the history of this MS. nothing more, I believe, is 

^ Ila7JMrJ^pt, kMrningliowdificiilt it is to decide upon tlie age of m 
SaxoQ MS. from anj pecoliaiity of oitiiogimpliy» and Hiat pimce baa, in thia 
nqwet. an infloenee as great as isine. In &ct; Saxon MSS. oog^t to be 
locallj dassed, before any attempt be made at dutmological anangement; 
nor win tins appear strange wben ire eonader, that in eailj times die se- 
real ^Tiaions of tbe kingdom irere» compamtiTdy speaking, almost like 
fordgn ooontries to each other; that in some parts the Saxon mnst hare 
ocmtiaQed nninflaenoed by foreign idioma modi longer than in otheis; 
tiiat the TarioQS provincial dialecta must hare been much more strongly 
maiked tiian they are at present, and that they were all equally employed 
in literary composition. A case in point is the specimen of the Kentish 
dialect, as it qypears in a MS. from the Arundel collection. No. 57, now 
in tiie Biitidi Museum. Tliedateis 1340, and yet the language may still 
be termed Semi-Saxon. * In proof of the abore, let any one compare the 
extracts with the courtly, frendiified Englidi of Chancer: 

Non idi wille >et ye ywyte bott hit if jwent 

pet >if hoc if ywrite mid cngliff cf Kent 

fif boc if jmad nor lewcde men I 

Vor uader | and uor moder | and uor o>er ken | 

Ham uor to ber^e uram allc manyerc len | 

pet ine bare inwy tte ne bleue no uonl wen. 

Hug afe god if hif name jaed I 

prt ^f hoc made God him yeoe >et bread I 

Of aag^cf of heocne and >erto his red I 

And onderuonge hif saale bnanne >et he if dyirf*. 



Tmeade • pet >if boc if uotudd ine >e cue of >e holy qwlUef Syafton an 



TRANSLATOR'S PREPACK. 3du 

known, than that it was the property of Archbishop Usher, 
who presented it to Junius, by whom, with the rest of his 
MSS., it was bequeathed to the Bodleian library. 
> This work, as the reader is ahready aware, was first prea 
to the world by the learned foreigner above named, in a small, 
quarto, printed at Amsterdam in 1655, containing the Saxon 
text, unaccompanied by translation or notes. Of a scholar 
so celebrated as Junius, it will doubtless to many seem pre^ 
sumption in me to speak in terms other than those of un- 
qualified deference; nor am I able or indined to detract 
aught firom his high reputation as a profound and laborious 
investigator of antiquity in general ; but I cannot avoid no-r 
ticing that the text of his edition contains numerous errors. 
In the manuscript, for instance, the metrical point is of fire- 



-,*. s * »»* 



Jndaf I ofm&ebro>erof>eclioyilre*orfa7ntAiiftinofCtiitcitoi | Iiie>e^ctrt 
of oiirelhordef1ieriDg».lS40. . . 

Vader 6nre >et art in heacnef | ylial^ed by >i name . cominde >i ridie . fwmft 
>i wil I afe ine heacne . and ine tryt . bread oart eche daycf • yef onf to day • and 
Qorlet oof owe yeldinges • afe and we aorlete> oare yeldercf • and ne oof led 
na|t in to uondinge. Acmouf nramqucade. 

*".-:: ' '.. ^.- ' ' ' Znoby' 



Hayl Marie I of >ODke uol . Ibord by mid >e • yblifled >oia ine wymmcn • and 

ybliflcd^etonetof >iaewoaibe. . * .-«• 

Zno by hit 

pia boc 18 Dan Micbelis of Nor>gate | ywrite an englit of bis ojene band • 
>et batte Ayenbyte of inwyt. And ia of tbe bocboofe of faynt Anftinca of Caa- 
terberi . mid )e Icttiea C: C: 



For my knowledge of tbia very euioiia :M6., as wdl as tar tbe eom- 
momcation of tbe for^cnng cxtracta* I am indebted to tbe ln«<in<^ of 
Mr. JoeepbSteTenfion» of tiieBritiab Museum, a gentleman fiom wbom we 
may one day bope for a local daanficatioa of cmr Saxon MSB., as far as 
sttcb an undertaldng is pnctictble. 

i'SicMS.. 



'idf TRANSLATOR'S PREFACE. 

quent, though by no means of constant, occurrence, and is 
in most instances inserted correctly; while in the printed edi- 
tion it is often so placed as to destroy both sense and allite- 
ration, by separating words in connexion, and vice vend ; so 
that, in many instances, passages sufficiently plain in the ma* 
nuscript become totaDy unintelligible in Junius's edition. 

The present edition may lay daim at least to one merit, — 
that of exhibiting a faithful text. The metrical 'arrangement 
win also, I trust, be in general found correct - Of my version, 
which I have endeavoured to make literal, and at the same 
time free from harshness, I am less confident. That in many 
places it will be found exceptionable I have no doubt ; but I can 
assure my readers, that in all cases of difficulty I have invariably 
given that interpretation which appeared to me best to accord 
with the context, and with the structure of our ancient tongue. 
In places where the manuscript is evidentiy corrupt, my trans- 
* lation is generally made from what I conjectured might be 
the true reading, and which I have indicated in the notes. 
Where the version is merdy conjectural, the Italic diaracter 
has been adopted. 

In the accentuation, which confirms in almost every case 
the theory of Professor Rask*, I have followed the authority 
of manuscripts, and, except in a very few instances, that of 
the manuscript of Csedmon itself. 

The First Book of the poem, being a paraphrase of parts of 
the Old Testament and Apocrypha, needs no analysis, and its 
merits and defects must speak for themsdves. Of the Second 
Book, of which only a few fitigments have escaped the de- 
structive hands of time and ignorance, a considerable portion 
seems to have been occupied by the descent of our 



* Sec my TVanilation of Raak's Anglo-Saxon Oruanuur, p. 4» & aeqq. 



TRAN8LAT0R*S PREFACE. Xf. 

to the infernal regions, or, as it is termed by the earlier 
writers, the Harrmcing of HeU. Had this part of the poem 
been entire, it would have been desirable to subjoin sndi 
extracts from works, printed and in manuscript, as might 
have served as a commentary upon this our earliest produc- 
tion on the subject ; but, in its present corrupt and mutilated 
state, such an addition seemed unadvisable, espedally as the 
works treating of this favourite theme of our andent dramatic 
mysteries are neither few nor difficult of access. . 

I have given as 'a Supplement, the '' Song of Azariah/' 
copied from that unique and venerable collection of Saxon 
poetry, the Exeter Manuscript* ; which, being evidently 
an extract from a more correct MS. of Csedmon than the one 
preserved to us, is both valuable and interesting, as throwing 
considerable light on the text of the latter. The same MS; 
contains also the *' Song of the Three Children," but with 
variations so considerable from that given in the Junian MS» 
as to render its insertion unadvisable. 

With the other MSS. of Junius, in the Bodleian library, 
is preserved hb verbal index to Ceedmon: whether it be com- 
plete or not, I am unable to say ; but being adapted to the 
pages of his edition, to that edition only can it be appli« 
cable. The index subjoined to the present volume will, it b 
hoped, in addition to its general utility, be found particulariy 
beneficial to Scholars engaged in pursuits connected with the 
literature and language of the Anglo-Saxons. 

It would ill become me, were I to dismiss this pre&oe 
without due acknowledgement to the Reverend Bolksut 
Bakdinei;, D.D., Keeper of the Bodleian library, for much 

« 

* For an intenstixig descriptkm and analjns of the Exeter &|8. see 
CoDyl)eare*s flluctrations of Anglo-Saxon PoetiT. 



xvi TRANSLATOR'S PRBFACB. 

# 

kind and prompt attention whfle I was engaged in that vene- 
rable storehouse of the wisdom and learning of past ages. 
To the Reverend W. D. GomrBBARi, M-A., I also fed a 
grateful sense of obligation, for his unsolicited kindness in 
sending me his own interleaved copy of Csedmon, containing 
his translation of a considerable portion of the poem. To 
my excellent friend I^fr. Richard Taylor, a true lover of old 
English lore, my thanks are likewise due, for many valuable 
suggestions, as well as for the kind interest he took in the 
work while it was passbg through his press. 

Caedmon's Paraphrase, with all its beauties and all its fioilts, 
is thus, for the first time, before the public in an English 
garb. Those readers who may rise disappointed from the 
perusal should reflect, that he is our earliest poet ; that he 
lived (himself a herdsman,) when all around him was barba- 
rism ; and that these his mangled remains are all that Time 
has spared to us. 



PREFACE TO THE FIRST EDITION. 



FRAKCISCUS JUNIUS AD LECTOREM. 

SursRVACUUM eBsety Lector lenevole, pluribus ▼vrbis hoc in 
loco repetere^ qu« non ita pridem de Ptu^phrasios bujus Authoie 
attigi p.248 Obsenrationum nostramm inWilleramum^; ubi quoque 
pneclarum bunc recondits antiquifatia tbesaurum accqitiim feio 
summo Presttli et nunquam non infra merita sua laudato, Iacobo 
UssERio, ArchiepiBcopo Armacbano et totius HibemiK PrimatL 
Per ^-elim interim, mi Lector^ abs te mibi ignosci quod editio biB^ 
ex uno tantum exemplari concinnata, prodit inemendatior ; fiitura 
forte correctior, si plures antiqua manu exaratos codices ridere 
contigisset. Ne quis tamen ulla in re operam nostram desideraret, 
paginas ipsius Manuscripti adrersis ubique Tirgulis indusi, quo 
facilius banc nostram editionem cum ipsis reverendi AntisUtis 
rett. membranis conferant, quibus pretium operas videbitur. Sin*- 
gulas quoque e£tionis bujus paginas in lineas distuud, quo ezpe* 
ditius inveniri possint loca que postbac a nobis ex boc Autbore 
citabuntur, et nostras quoque in eum obserrationes, Deo Opt. Max* 
Titam viresque largiente^ suis ubique paginis lineisque commodius 
adaptem* 

TalCy mi Lector, atque bac interim qualicunque opera nostra 
propttius fruere* 

* The following is Uie pssnge, "— perantiqiia ilia GcDeacot sc pnecipasnim 
Vet. Testament! historiamm parapbrtsi poetica, cujnt mibi copiam benigne pror- 
t08 fecit Tir maximas Jacobus Usserins^ Arcbiepiscopos ArmacbamiB tt todns 
HiberniK Primas^ de qna parapfarasi boc tantum bic moncbo ; innumera in ca 
passim occnnrere^ quK penitiorem sapiunt antiqnitatem» et quoniam ipse stikia ac 
totius opens cum argumentum turn genius ex amussim respondent isti Tcteris po» 
csios specimini quod adduxit Ven. Beda lib. ir. Hist. Gentis Angloram, csp. 94. 
ipse quoque postbac aliquid ex nobilissimo recondits antiqnitatis tbesauro dla* 
tttrus» utar nomine istius Cwimon (in Ang^o-Saxonica Regis Alvrcdi parapbnsi 
est Cetkmon Tel CaebmlLB) quern sacne illias poisios autborea ftcit Boda 



\ 



SOME ACCOUNT OF CiEDMON, 



VKOM 



BEDA'S ECCLESIASTICAL HISTORY; 



KING ALFRED'S ANGLO-SAXON TRANSLATION •. 



In hujuB Monasterio AbbatissiB (Hild») fait Frater qaidrnm diTina 
gratia spedalitcr insignis^ quia carmina religioni et pietati apU 
facerc aolebat; ita ut quicquid ex diviniB lilcris per iuterpretes 
disceret, hoc ipse post puBUlutn, verbis poeticis maadma suavitate 
et compuuctione compositis^ in sua^ id est Anglorum, lingua pro« 
ferret. Cuius carminibus multorum siepe animi ad contemptom 



On j^ijre abbutMjjan* mynjrjie^ 
paef pim bpoiJop jynbeplice mib 
jobcunbjie jyfe jemaepcb -j je- 
peop]>ab- popjwnhejepunabe je- 
jufenlice leo* pypcean ]^ |^ to 
fe}3eftnejye j to ippeftncije 
belumpon jja fte jpa hpst fpa 
he Of jobcunbum fcapim j^uph 
bocejiaf jeleopnabe f he aep:ep 
mebmiclum pece in fceop-je* 
peopbe xnib ]ni mapjran ppecnejje 
3 inbjiybnejre jejlcncbe*;j in en- 
jlifc jejicojibe pel sehpaeji pjp*- 
bpohre* 'j ):op hif leoiS-|*oiipmi 
inoni2pa mouna Jn6b ofc to 

■ Uilbe. ^ SrpcsBejluJh. 

* Tbc Sa&on text !• diieiy takea from a MS. in the Lilinuy of C. C. C. Qsoa. 

bS 



In this Abbess's! Minster* was 
a certain brother extraordinarily 
magnified and honoured with a 
divine gift ; for he was wont to 
make fitting songs which oon* 
duced to religion and piety; so 
that whatever he learned through 
clerks of the holy writings, that 
he, after a little spacCj would 
uBuaUy adorn with the greatest 
sweetness and feeling, and bring 
forth in the English tongue; 
and by his songs the minds of 
many men were often inflamed 

> Whitby. 



SOME ACCOUNT Og CiEDMON. 



sftcoli, et appetitum sunt Tite ctelestis accensi. Et quidem ct 
alii post ilium in genie Anglorum religiosa poemata fiioere tentai^ 
bant ; sed nullas eum squiparare potnit. Namqne ipse noo ab 
hominibas neqne per hominem institutus canendi artem didicit; sed 
dinnitusadjatus gratis canendidonumaccepit. Unde nibQ unqnam 
fnyoli et stipenracui poematb facere potoit ; sed ea tantummodo 
qiue ad religionem pertinent, religiosam ejus linguam decebant. 
Siquidem in babitu seculari usque ad tempora provectioris «etatb 
oonstitutus, nihil carminam aliquando didicerat. Unde nonnun« 
qnam in conTivio, cum esset letitis causa nt omnes per ordinem 

popolbe fopbonejje ;j to 2^]^eob- 
nejxe ^f beojronlican Ufef on- 
bepnbe paepon. Onb eac fpylce 
inoni2e oj^ie »fcep bun m onsel- 
JFeobe on^unnon aepaefte leoS 
pypcan* ac nsnij bpae]^e bim f 
jelice b4$n meabte* ].*op]H>n he 
nalaef ppom monnum ne )^upb 
mon jebepeb yxf f he ]H>ne leoS- 
cpaepc jeleopnabe* ac be psf 
jobcunbbce j^pilcumob 'j fufh. 
2obef 2;^fe ]H>ne fonj-qisep: on- 
pen;* onb he jx)p]H>n naejrpe noht 
leapinja ne ibelef led^f pjTican 
meahte* ac epie ]ni an ]m ]w to 
aepsftneffe belumpon ;j hq* ^ 
aepeftan tunjan 2ebaj:enobe pn« 
jan. Psf he fe mon m peopulb- 
babe s^feteb 08 yn, tSbe ]w he 
paef jelypebpe ylbo 'j be naeppe 
aeni; leolS jeleopnabe* 'j hepop- 
^on ojit m 2^beopfCipe JKinne 
ymji ymf bbjje mtin2an 2eb£meb 
% bie ealle rceolben ]mph enbe- 

> Literally Btenkip, wc Leges lac s|Mid Wilkins, p. 16 ; sad Tacit. Gem. t%,U. 



contempt for the world, 
and with desire of hearenly life. 
And, moreover^ many others 
after him, in the English na- 
tion, sought to make pious 
songs; but yet none could do' 
like to bim, for be had not been 
taught from men, nor through 
man, to learn the poetic art; 
but he was divinely aided, and 
through God*s grace received 
the art of song. And be there- 
fore never might nudce aught of 
leasing or of idle poems, but 
just those only which conduced 
to religion, and which it be- 
came bis pious tongue to sing. ^ 
The man was placed in worldly 
life until the time that be was 
of mature age, and had never 
learned any poem ; and he there- 
fore often in convivial society*, 
when, for the sake of mirth, it 
was resolved that they all in 



SOME ACCOUNT OP CJEDMON. 



cantare deberent, iUe, ubi adpropinquare sibi cithanun ccrnebat, 
surgebat e media coena et ^ressus ad suam domum repcdabat. 

Quod dum tempore quodam facerd, et relicta domo ooovini 
^ressua esset ad stabula jumentonim^ quorum m custodUa uocte 
ilia erat delegata, ibique bora competenti membra dedisset sopori, 
adstitit ci quidam per somuium, eumque salutana, ac suo appellans 
nomine: '^Cedmoii/'inquit^^'cantamilualiquid/* At ille respon- 
densj ''Nescio/' inquit^ << cantare; nam et ideo de oonvivio ^rcssua 
buc secessij quia cantare non poteram." Rursum ille qui cum eo lo- 
quebatur^ '^ Attameo/' aity ^'mihi cantare babes." ^Quid,'' inqmf. 



bypbnejje be heappan pn2an* 
^nne be jefeab )^a beappan bim 
neabecan^ ]K)nne apaf be j:op 
jcome jpom )^am fymble 3 him 
eobe to bif bufe. 

Da be f )^a pimpe tibe bybe f 
be ).t)plec f huf ymy ^^beop- 
fcipef 1 tic paef jonjenbe* to 
neaca fcj'pene* )^apa beopb bmi 
psf )^aepe nibte beboben* & 
he )^a ]?»p m jebmphcpe dbe 
bif bmo on pej-te jefecte j 
onflaepce* ^a p:6b bim pim 
mon aec Jnipb fpepi ^ hme ha- 

lette ^ 2P^^^^ 11 ^^® ^ ^T '^^ 
man nembe* Caebmon pnj me 
stbpepi. pa aubfpapobe be 
3 cpae¥. ne . con ic nohc pnjan 
"^l ic fopj^on op l^-um 2ebeop- 
f cipe uc-eobe ^ bibep jepic 
popJKm ic nohc cuiSe* 6fc he 
cpaelS pe ^ mib bun fppecenbe 
p«f hpttfSepe ^u meahc me 
pnzan* CpaeS he bptec fceal ic 



turn should ung to the harp, 
when he saw the harp approach- 
ing him, then for shame he 
would rise from the assembly 
and go home to his house. 

When he so on a certain time 
did, that he left the house of the 
convivial meeting, and was gone 
out to the stall of the cattle^ the 
care of which that night bad 
been committed to him, — ^when 
he there, at proper time, placed 
his limbs on the bed and slept, 
then stood some man 1>y him, in 
a dream, and hailed and greeted 
him, and named him by bis name^ 
[saying] ^^Ccdmon, sing me 
something." Then he answered 
and said, ^' I cannot sing any 
thing, and therefore I went out 
from this convivial meedng^ and 
retired hitber, because I could 
not." Again he who was spealdng 
with him saidj '^ Yet thou must 
sing to me." Sud he, <^ What 



ACCOUNT OF CADHON. 



^ debeo cantare? *' At Qle^ ^^Canta," inquit, ^ principium creaton^ 
rum." Quo accepto responsoj atallm ipse coepit cantare in laudem 
Dei Conditoris venus quos nunquam audierat, quorum iate est 
sensus : '* Nunc laudare debemus Auctorem regni cslettiay potcn* 
tiam CreatoriSj et consilium illiusj fisusta Pktris glorie* Quomodo 
*, cum sit etemus Deus^ omnium miraculorum auctor exstitit, qui 



pnjan. CpariS he pn; me ppum- 
fcea}£« 9a he J^af anbfpape on- 
fenj. "Sa onjan he fona pngun 
in bepenejje 'gobey fcyppenSef • 
|ra pepf ^ 'ph popb 'pe he naqipe 
ne 2eh}'pbe. ]mpa enbebypbnef 

* Nu pe fceolan hepian* 
heopon-picef peapb* 
metobef mihce* 
"J hif mob-jejHmc* 
pepa^ pulbop-^jaebep* 
fpa he ponbpa jehpaej** 
eoe bpyheen* 
oopb onjtealbe* 
lie i§pep? jepo^op* 
eop&n beapnum* 



shalll sing?*' Saidhe/'Singme 
the origin of things/' When be 
receired this answer, then he be- 
gan forthwith to sing, in pndse of 
God the Creator, the yerses and 
the words which he had never 
heard, the order of which is tlus: 

^ Now must we praise 

the Guardian of heaven's king- 

the Creator's might, [dmn, 

and his mind's thought ; 

glorious Father of men 1 

as of eveiy wonder h^ 

Lord eternal, 

formed the bq^nning* 

He first framed 

for the children of earth 



■ " Ad fioem MS.*JS/tmt« Carmen boc aic m babet : 



Na jc^lnn bejisan. 
bepen jiicaej utrd. 
Bctudaej BMCcti. 
cnb bij mo^pbttnc. 
iiejic>iiiilbap jabaji. 
jue be vunbjia {ibnae/. 
CO hpfccm\ 
oji ajtelite* 
he aejiixr |top*.. 



10 



■elba bapmims* 
beben rilbpofe. 
babs^ jcepen*, 
fh mibbuQ^eajib. 
non-cymwr vajid* 
ea bjiycrin. 

pjilun jcold*. 
jrjiea allmccns < * 
caatSTit Ccdmon istad carmen."-— fiatfA. 



15 



Cod. C. C. C.« vnl^ pcojic 



* bjiictia, Wanky. 
« bales, W. 



■ be rjiij* jcopa, W. 
• folbauW. 



* elba bajinnm* W. 



SOME ACCOUNT OP C^OUON. 



primo filiiii hominttm c«lum pro culmiDe tecti^ dehinc tenram Cuitot 
huDiani generis omnipotens creavit." Hie est sensus, mm autem 
ordo ipse rerborum quae donniens iUe canebat : neqae eQim poa- 
sunt carminay quamvis optime cumpouta, ex alia in aliam linguam, 
ad yerbum^ sine dctrimento sui decoris ac dignitatis, transferri, 
* Exsurgens autem a somno, cuncta quse donniens cantaveraty 
memoriter retinuit^ et eis niox plura in eundem modum verba Deo 
digni carminLi adjunxit. ^ 

Yeniensque mane ad villicum qui sibi pneerat, quid doni perce* 
pisset indicant ; atque ad abbatissam perductus, jussus est, multia 
doctioribus viris praesentibus, indicare somnium et dicere carmen. 



heopon to hp6fe« 
hali; fcyppenb* 
^a mibban^eapb- 
moncjnnef peapb* 
ece bpyhten* 
Kfceji teobe* 
ppum folban* 
ppea lelmihcis* 

Da Bjiiy he ppom f laepe ^ call 
]>a I'e be flaepenbe foa; pej^te 
in jemynbe haepbe* ^ ]>am pop- 
bum fona monij popb m f ylce 

jemec- jobe pyp^cf pw^S^r ^^^ 
2e]^eobbe. 
9a com he on mapne to ]>am 

tiin-jSpepui f e%e hif ealbopmo;i 

paef 3 him fsebe hpylce 2)1^ be 

onpen; ^ he hme fona to j^spe 

abubyfpm jelaebbe* ^ hipe f 

cylSbe 'j pe^be. pa het heo 2^ 

romnian ealle ^ s^lspbeftan 

men 'j ]mleopne]iaf • ^ him anb- 
peapbum het I'ejcan f fp^pi '} 



the heaven aa a roof; 
holy Creator 1 
then mid-earth, 
the Guardian of manlcind. 
the eternal Lord, 
afterwards produced ; 
the earth for men. 
Lord Almighty ! 

Then he arose from sleep, and 
had fast in mind aU that he sleep- 
ing had sung, and to those words 
forthwith joined many words of 
song worthy of God in the same 
measure, t 

Then came he" in the morning 
to the town-reeve, who was his 
superior, and said to htm what 
gift he had recdved; and he 
forthwith led him to the abbess, 
and told, and made that Icnown 
to her. Then she bade aU the 
most learned men and the learn- 
ers to assemble, and in their pre^ 
sence bade him tell the dream. 



SOME ACCOUNT OP CJEOUON. 



ut ttiuTersonim judido quid yd unde esaet quod referelmt, pnK> 
Imretur : visumque est omnibuB^ c«lestem ei a Domino concestam 
esse gratiam. Exponebantque illi quendam sacne historic sive 
doctrinae sennoneniy pnecipientes eij si posset, himc in modula« 
tionem camunis transferre. At ille suscepto negotio alriit, et mane 
rediens, optimo carmine quod jubebatur compositum reddidit. 
Unde mox abbatissa, amplexata gratiam Dei in Tiro, sascularem 
ilium babitnm relinqaere, et monachicum susdpere propositum 
docuit; susceptumque in monasterium cum onuiibus sub firatrum 



f \e&6 pn^an* f ce ealljia heojia 
bdme jecojien paepe hpet oSte 
hponon f cumen psepe* "Ba paef 
bun eallum sepejen ppa jja hoc 
paef • f hmi paepe ppom bpyhtae 
pylpim heo)»nlic ppi poppjren. 
Da pehton hie hun 'j paejbon 

pim ball; ppell ;} s^^^^^^^^P^ ^'P® 
popb* bebubon bnn ]m pp he 
mihte ^ he hun pum punje. j 
[m ppmpunje] leoiS-pon^ep)^ je- 
hpyppbe. -Da he yn, haepbe ]m 
pipan onpanjen ]ni eobe he him 
to hip hupe ;} com epc on mopjen 
J Yy betptan leo^ J^lojeb him 
Apon; 'J ajeap f him beboben 
pep. Da onjan peo abbubyjye 
clyppan ^ lupan ]m jobep ^*e m 
^mmen* ;|heohme)«monobe 
J laepbe f he peopolb-h<b poplece 
3 munuc-h<be onpense* onb he 
f pel ]>apobe* j heo hme in f 
mynptep onpen; mib hip 2obnm« 
3 hme s^^eobbe to 2qt>mnun3e 
^apa s<>bep ^eopa ^ let hme he* 



and smg the poem; that, by the 
judgment of them all, it might 
be determined why or whence 
that was come ? Then it seemed 
to them al^ so as it was^ that to 
him^ from the Lord himself^ a 
heavenly gift had been givqi. 
Tlien they expounded to him 
and said some holy history, and 
words of godly lore ; then bade 
him, if he could, to sing some of 
them, and turn them into the 
melody of song, f When he had 
undertaken the thing, then went 
he home to his house, and came 
again in the morning, and sang 
and gave to them, adorned with 
the best poetry, what had been 
bidden him. Then began the 
abbess to make much of and 
love the grace of God in the 
man; and she then exhorted 
and instructed him to forsake 
worldly life and take to monk- 
hood: and he that well approved. 
And she received himjnto the 
minster with his goods, and 
assodated him with the con- 



80MB ACCOUNT OP CJEDHON. 



Gohorti adsodavity jussitqu^ ilium leriem Sacne Hittoiia dooerL 
At ipse concta qiue audicndo discere potent, rememoraiido wtcom^ 
ety quasi mundum animal^ niminandoj in carmen duldsstmnm oon- 
vertebat ; suariusque resonando doctoret auos vicisstm auditorea 
Bui faciebat. Canebat autem de creatione mnndi et origine hnmam 
generis, et tota Genesis historia, de egressu Israel ex .figypto et 
ingressuln terram repromissionis,de aliis phirimis Sacne Scriptunp 
hifttoriis, de Incamatione Dominica, Fisssione, Resurrection^ et 
Ascensione in aelum, de Spiritus Sancti adventu, et Apostolorum 
doctrina. Item de terrore futuri judidi, et horrore poen» gehen- 



pan f jecael ^dsy halpm ftepef 
^ fpellef • onb he eall ^ he m 
jehcpnejje ' 2^1eopnian mihoe 
mib hine jemynjabe* ^ fpa fpa 
claene nyten eobopcenbe m f fpe- 
tejTc leo* jebpyppbe. j hif jt)nj 
^ hif leolS pspon fpa pynpmi to 
jehypenne f l>a r^lpm hip U- 
peopaf set hif muVe ppiton "^i 
leopnobon* Son; he aspejr be 
mibban^eapbef jefceape* j be 
fpuman moncynnef • ^ eaU f 
ftaep jenepf • p if feo spefte 
moifef btfc* ^ ept be utjODse 
ifpaela polcef of se^ypta lonbe* 
3 be mgonjfi j^asf jehat-lonbef • 
^ be o)Spum monipim fpellum 
]>aef haljan jeppitef canonef 
b6ca« 'J be cpiftef menmfc«> 
neffe- ;] be hif J^ojmn^e* ^ be 
hif tip-aftijneffe on heoponaf • 
1 hi;, ^zey hal2an jafref c^e* 
1 ]nipa apoftola Upe* ;) ept In 
yam eje ^f topeapban b6mef • 



grqration of those servants of 
God, and caused him to be 
taught the series of the Holy 
History and GospelJand he aU 
that he could learn by hearing 
meditated with himself, and, as a 
dean animal, ruminating, turned 
into the sweetest rerse : and his 
song and his verse were so win* 
some to hear, that his teachers 
themsdves wrote and learned 
from his mouth. He first sang 
of earth's creation, and of the 
origin of mankind, and aU the 
history of Genesis, which is the 
first book of Moses, and then of 
the departure of the people of 
Israel from the Egyptians' land, 
and of the entrance of the land of 
promise, and of many other hi- 
stories of the canonical books of 
Holy Writ ; and of Clmst's in- 
camation,and of lus passion,and 
of his ascension into heaven ; and 
of the coming of the Holy Ghosl^ 
and the doctrine of the Apostks; 
and also of the terror of the 



80MB ACCOUNT OF CJEDMON. 



jdftlisy ac dulcedine regni cslestiB, niiilU carmina findcbat; scd ct 
alia perplura de benefidia et judiciis diTinia, in quibua cnnctia 
Iioimiiea ab amore soelenun abstrabcre, ad dilectionem Tero ct 
Bollertiain boiue actionis cxcHare curabal. Erat emm nr multam 
rdi^osusy et r^ularibiis disdplinis bumOiter subditua ; adwrtnm 
T€io iOoa qui aliter iacere vokbant, ado magni fcrroria aooenaoa : 
vinde et pulcbro vitam auam fine oonchuit. 

.Nam propuiqaante bora sui decessuay quatnordedm diebna 
preTcniente coipoiea infinnitate presaus cat ; adeo tamen mode- 
rat)^ ut et loqui toto^eo tempore poaiiet et ingredL Erat autem 



3 be fypbto ymf tmtpe2bcaii 
piter* J be jTWtnejje ^f beop- 
onbcan jiicef* be mon^ leoS 
jepopbte*;] rpylc ^^^ oSep mon^ 
be ^am joboinbum jppempmi- 
nejyum ^ btfmom be j^epopbte* 
on eallum ]^am be jeopnbce 
2fmbe f be men anije ppam 
lynna lufan 3 m<n-baeba** 3 to 
lupm 'J to jeopnpiUnejje apebte 
2obpa baeba* fop]H>n be paef fe 
mon fpi^ aepejr 3 peojolbcum 
^obfcypum eaSmobbce unbeji- 
)»eobeb* '} pilS )^am^aSe on o]^e 
pqim h6a polbon be yaej nub 
pybne nucelpe eDenpobueije on- 
bspneb* "^i be poppaa pegie enbe 
bif Up bec^be 3 -geeobdbe. 

Fop]H>n ]>a ^pe tibe nealaebte 
bif gepiteneffe 3 poplSfope* iSa 
fttf be feopept^ne bi^um «p f 
he paef bcmnbcpe untpumnefpe 
]»p^cceb 3 bepjab* bpae^^pe to 
fen 2cmetboe f be ealle yn, db 



doom to come, and the fear of 
bdl-toiment, and the aweetneaa 
of tbe bearenly kingdoni, be 
made many poema; and^inlike 
manner, many othera of tbe di- 
vine benefita and judgmenta be 
made j in all wbicb be earnestly 
took care to draw men from the 
love of sina and widced deeda, 
and to exdte to a love and de- 
aire of good deeda; for be waa 
a very pious man, and to regular 
diadplinea humbly aubjected; 
and againat those who in other 
wise would act, be was inflamed 
with the beat of great zeal : and 
be therefore with a fair end bia 
life dosed and ended. ^ 

For when the time approached 
of his decease and departure 
then waa be for fourteen daya 
ere that oppressed and troubled 
with bodily infirmity; yet so 
moderately, that, during all that 



* Valg. nCa-ttfbiiBU 



MUUiiiiiH^iifii 



iMiMtaMn 



HiMtt 



i* 



•« 



SOME ACCOUNT OF C£DHON. 



in proximo casa, in qim infinnioresj ei qm prope moritiiii esse Tide*- 
bantuTy indad solebant* Rc^rit ergo ministram suoin, vespcie 
incumbente^ node qua de ssculo erat exiturusj nt in ea sibi locom 
quiescendi praepararet : qui miratus cur hoc rogaret, qm neqn»- 
quam adbuc moriturus esse videbatur^ fecit tamen quod dizeraiU 
Cumque ibidem posiU vicissim aliqua, gaudente animoj^ una com 
eis qui ibidem ante inerant, loquerentnr ac jocarentur, et jam me^ 
diA noctis tempus esset transcensuniy interrogavit, si eucbaristiam 
intus haberent. Respondebant, '^Cbiid opus est eucharistial 
neque enim mori adhuc babes, qui tam bilariter nobiacum Tdot 



mibse jfi fppecan "gfi 2an2an» 
Paef ]rapp on neapefte untpumpa 
manna htif • on ]>am bjpa J^eap 
pef ^ bi ]»a untpuman 3 J^a ^ 
Kt fopiSpope paepon mlaeban 
fceolban* *} him fBejt aeqx>mne 
]>enian. Da bseb be hif ^n on 
ap).-enne ]Faepe nihte ^ he op 
populbe 2au3enbe psf • ^ he on 
)^am hufe hmi ftope jejeappabe* 
^ he pejxan mihte- ISa punbpabe 
pe l^n; pop hpon he ^mf baebe- 
popj^on bun ]mhce f hif popiSpope 
ipa neh ne p«pe. bybe hp»^pe 
fpa fpa he cpaeS 3 l>ebeab. Onb 
nub ]»y he ]»a ]wp on pepte eobe* 
*"} he jepeonbe mobe pimu ^m; 
aet2aebepe mib huh fpecenbe 3 
^leopenbe paq* ^ ]wp iSp mne 
pappon* ]>a paef o|:ep mibbeniht 
f he Fpaejn- hpae]wp hi seni; 
hupelj^aepmnehaepbon. Daanb* 
fpapobon hie ^ cp»bon. Hpilc 
J>eapp ip ]w huflep. ne )rfnpe 
p>p)Spqie jpa neh if nu ]iii ^p 



time, he could both speak and 
irallu There was in the ndgh* 
bourhood a house for infirm 
men, in which it was their cus- 
tom to bring the infirm, and 
those who were on the point of 
departure, and there attend to 
them together. Then bade he 
his servant, on the eve of the 
night that he was going from 
the world, to prepare him a 
phice in that bouse, that he 
might rest : whereupon the ser- 
vant wondered why he this bad^ 
for it seemed to him that his de- 
parture was not so near : yet 
he did as he said, and com- 
manded* And when be there 
went to bed, and in joyful mood 
was speaking some things, and 
joking together with those who 
were therein previously, then it 
was over midnight that be asked, 
whether they had the eucharist 
within? They answered, ''What 
need is to thee of the eucharist) 
thy departure IS not so near, now 



• •• 



SOME ACCOUNT OF CJSDIION, 



sospes loqueris." Runus Ule : ^'Et Umea,** ut, '^afierte me eoclia- 
mtianu*' Qua accepts in manv, interrogaTity si omnet pladdum 
c]rga 8e animumj et sine querela controTeruaB ac rancoris, babeieiit. 
Respondebant omnes^ placidiftBimam se mentem ad illanij et ab 
onmi ira remotam^ habere : eumque vicissim rogabant pladdam 
erga ipsoa mentem habere. Qui confeatim respondit : ** Plaridam 
ego mentem^ filioli^ erga omnes Dei famuloa gero/' Sicque se 
cslesU muniena viatico, vitc alteriua ingressui paravit | et inter* 
Toganty quam prope esset bora qua fratrea ad dicendaa Domino 
landes noctumaa exdtaii deberent. - Respondebant, *' Non longe 



pddioe ^ yuf jlaeblioe'to up 
fppeoenbe eapt. CpaelS he ept. 
BepaS me hpae]iepe hufd to. 
Da he hit on hanba haefbe* ]m 
fpBSttg he* hyaipeii hi ealle pnylce 
mdb 3 butan eallum mean bh^ 
eohimhacfbon. Da anbfpapobon 
hi ealle 3 cpiebon- f hi naeni^ne 
mean to him pijTan ac hi him 
ealle iptSe bhiSe-mobe pnpon* 
"J hi ppixenbhce hme bebon f he 
him eallum bhiSepaepe* Daanb- 
fpapobe he 'j cp»V* mine bpoj^io 
]« leo]3n« ic eom jTntSe bliSmA 
to eop ^ to eallum 20^r n><ui- 
num. TCnb he fpa paef hme je- 
tpjmmenbe mib )^ beofonhcan 
pe^nefte* ^ him o]>pef Kpef m- 
jan^jeappabe. Da2ythefps2n« 
hu neh ]wpe tf be pKpe fee yn, 
bpoiSpu aptpn fceolbon ^ j^bep 
pok Ufipan 3 heopa uht-pui; 
pii2pm. Anbfpeapobon hi* mp 
hit peop to]K>n. CpaefS he* tela* 



thou thus dieerfuUy, and thus 
gladly art speaking to us/' Agmn 
he smd, ^^ Bring me nevertheless 
the eucharist." When he had it 
in his hands, he asked, whether 
they had all a placid mind and 
kind, and without any ill-will 
towards him? Then they all 
answered, and said, that they 
knew of no ill-will towards him, 
but they all were very kindly 
disposed; and they besought 
him in turn that he would be 
kindly disposed to them all. 
Then he answered and smd, 
'' My bdoved brethren, I am 
very kindly disposed to you and 
all God^s men." And he thus 
was strengthening himself with 
the heavenly viadcum, and pre- 
paring himself an entrance into 
another life. Again he asked, 
*' How near it was to the hour 
that the brethren must rise and 
teach the people of God, and 
sing their noctums ? '* They an- 
swered, << It is not far to that." 



SOME ACCOUNT OP CJEDMON. 



est." At ille : ^' Bene^ ergo exspectemus horam iDam/' £t tig-' 
naus se signo sancte crucis, redinavit capat ad cemcal, modi- 
cunique obdormiens^ ita cum silentio vitam finint. Skque foctom 
est Qt quomodo simplici ac pura mente tnunquillaqiue devotaone 
Domino seirieraty ita etiam tranquiUa morte mundmn relinquemi 
ad ejus visioDcm yeniret ; illaque lingua qu» tot salutaria Teiba in 
laudem Conditoris composuerat, ultima quoque Terba in landem 
ipsius^ ugnando sese^ et spiritum suum in manus ejus commen*. 
dando^ dauderet * : qui eUam pnescius sui obitus exstitisse, ex his 
qus narranmusy Tidetnr. 



utan pe pel ]»8qie dbe biban* j 
]ni bun 2^baeb ;| hme jejenabe 
mib cpifcef pdbe-ci(cne- 3 bif 
heapob onliylbe to ]mm boljrpe* 
3 mebmj*cel pec onflaepte* ^ fpa 
mib fcillnejye hif Up jeenbabe* 
onb rpa papf jepojiben ^cc ppa 
]7a he hluttpe mobe 3 b}*lepit8 
3 pnyltpe pillpunnejje bjuhme 
)>eopbe. f he eac fpylce fpa 
pnylte bea^ mibban2eajib psf 
poplccenbe 3 ro hip jefyhiSe 
becom- ^ peo tun2e ]w ppa mo- 
rn; halpenbe popb on ymy f^SP' 
peubep I6f 2^fecc€« he ]m fPy^^^ 
eac )»a jtemeptan popb on hip 
hepenep)^* hme pylpie pemenbe* 
^ hip 2^pc In hip hanba bebeo- 
benbe* betynbe« 6ac pp}*lee f ip 
jej-aejb*. f he paepe jepip hip 
nipep popiSppe op ^am ^ pe 
nu pec^i^u h;^bon :• 



He said, «' It is well^ let US await 
the hour." And then he prayed, 
and signed himself nith Christ's 
cross, and reclined his head on 
the bolster, and slept for a Uttle 
space; and so with stillness end- 
ed his life. And thus it was, that 
as he with pure and calm mind 
and tranquil derotion had seired 
God, that he, in like manner, 
left the world with as calm a 
death, and went to his presence ; 
and the tongue that had com* 
posed so many holy, words in 
the Creator's praise,- he, then, 
in like manner, its last words 
closed in his praise^ crosnng 
himself, and committing his soul 
into his hands. Thus it ia seen 
that he was conscious of Ida 
own departure, from what we 
have now heard say. . 



* '^(Mhitmm obiiise drca timiua i>ctxzx« plcriqac cmjioiui^ ant psnlo 
Dc ^tts MUDCtoniDMiiic slionim reliqaiit tic agit Af sl wfft . L a. ^ GitfM P«il|f. 
p. 154. b. Ed, Load, /srcsfs nmi aonVer^ id est, sate initmrn lecnli xii. tl n 



/ . 



SOME ACCOUNT OP CiBDMON. 



• ,a* 



fffata. MMtoTMi ODf^Mi, TmmwBi fy., Onii rcyir, •! JEUMk JOm 
9B», fMT culm «ea«fcrto poti HDdam pM^fiat t weemom H UHm» mtUBM fmtm 

fiopmkn wKriiMm, wdrmcMlm wiodo wmUm, mi ftnmi^ 



est biynt MDCti natalit ia Mmri^nlogU AmgUmm die zi. Feb.; 
licet A^Afcurcbff die z. Feb. ictnkrit. 

"Rccenient enm BsIkus, ttmi. 1, et Pitscoe. mtaU 7, inter iDoitree Alibis 
scriptorae : sed ia boc ambo baUndiuuitiir, qood d orm i tmio iKvum jN'vamlisiit 
eannm tradamt, gum vigUnin ^miiam t* ^fnt m^ 9enjM0hmim Idenimtcrofieda 
BOB acribit."— AttlA. 



I 






DESCRIPIWE CATALOGUE OF THE PLATES. 



I. FioQtiq)iece to the MS. of CvdiiMm's FtanplinM, 

IL Factimile of the fixst poge of CfBdmon. 

in. The Ddty litting on his throne, expfeanng hit displeasQve with ibe 
Rebd-Angels. 
In the maigin stand the words, halenbef heh-felb, the tknme 9f CkrUt^ 
Below is the Portrait of iElfwine. (See ArchflBologim, VQLzxiv.p.330.) 

IV. A Drawing divided into four compartments. 

1. The Rebd-Azdiangel crowned, with looks directed toward his ad- 
herents (four angels), his right hand pointing to an edifice, intended 
apparently for the hearenlj abode, behind which stand fire ansek. 
Four angels offer crowns to the ArchangcL 

On the top of die page, the lower part of the following woids maj 

betraced: 

hu fe en^^yl onson ofepmob pepuii, • 

How the angel began tp he pretumftuan^. 
The upper part of the inscription has been cnt off bj the binder of 

the Volume. 

2. The Deity attended by angels, each bearing a peaoock'a feather* 
He is in the act of gras|nng those borne by the two angels nearest 
to him. 

3. The Deity holding three javelins, with which he is striking down- 
ward. The inseription : 

hu fe h»lenb g^foeop belle heom co pite. 
How God formed Ml for apanUhneni to tUm. 

4. The Infernal Regions, Thit duef figure here is a huge Booster, 
or Leriathan, with jaws extended, in which Satan is lying on his 
back; bound round the ne^ and limbs, while lus a ia nri a tes are 
seen plunging into the burning gulf. 



xxni CATALOGUE OP THE PLATB8. 

V> Tlic UprcMing of the Flnnainmt. Tlie Spirit of Ood 19QB ths Deep. 



He parted the water ami the earth, 
VL Hie Sttviour. Thit Sepwntaoii of Dm j from N^kL Oppottle Oe 

lower compertmcat jb thii mic rip tioo i 

Irn lie cobidbe baej fi5 nibise* 

JETev he £mied ieqfjrtnm mghi^ 
VIL The AngeU proceeding to Fbndiie. The fomiatioA of Bre. InacK. 

1. hep jobef enghir af^ipm op heoneiieii miDo pepafaipim. 
Here GoJTe aa^de proceed fnna heaven mioParaAe. 

In this, as weQ u in fome of the other dxmwingi, tiie door-hingee ere 
remailEaUe, as preciselj rescmUing those stiU to he seen up on tiie 
' doon of some of our andcnt chnrdiea. 

2. hep bpihcen jefcop ahamef f^ enan. 
Here the Lard created Adam* a wife Eve. 

8. hep bpihten {epeapp fdep on abam ;| {enam hun an pib o|p^ptai 

1 Sqpcop hif PF OF )»"* F*«» 
Here the Lord cast sleep mpemAdaml^ aad tooh a rih from hie Hde, 

aad created his wifefrvm thai rA. • 

VIII. The Doty addressing Adam and Ere, in the words beginning;^ 

temsJB nn ;| pexa2$. &e. See Poem, p. 18, L 1, 

IX. God beholding the ezceUenoe of his piodnctions; 

X. Adam and Ere in FBzadise : - 

heo p»pon leop jobe. &e. p. 16, L 17. 
XL The Fan of the Angels. Satan in'Hdl: (Hdl is again iq^iesented 

as a huge monster.) 

"] heo alle popfoeop bpihcen eo beo|^nm. p. 20, L 14. 
XIL The Doty supported by Seraphim. Satan's Torment. 
XUl. In the upper part of this Drawing, Adam and Eve are r e pr e sent ed 

standing by the TVee. In the lower part Satm appears lettered 

and manacled, whfle the messenger-fiend is seen pttfirg throng^ 

an opening, on his way to tempt Adam and E^ : 

hpei^F him )mph ^ heU-bopa. p.* 29, L 8. 

XIV. The Temptation of Ere. . ' - . . 

XV. The Tempter offering the FVoit to Adam. • 

XVI. Two compartments : 1. Adam reeoTing the FVnit from Bts. 
2. Hie grief of Adam and Ere, after eating of the FrviL 






CATALOGUE OP THE PLATES. zzxiii 

Tlie ]%nd dqittts Irom ^cm wifli an air of moclnrf : 

Uoli )% 3 plcgobe. boba Inqie jehusob. p. 45, L lO-ll. - 
Tbe figure of a Scm bdbw, wUdi aeema added mo^ 
ia evidendj tlie iroik of a later and freer band. 
XVn. 1> Adam and E?e comdoua of liidr nalrrdnrM, • 

2. Tliqr eonr tbeandrea wifli fig-leaTea. 
XVin. Tlie Fiend retonuBg to lua Matter, after baTiDg teaopM 

lifeafiy lua ^ nit(e|i. boba Inqiefra. joeolbe he ym, b|iaban l^if 
jecan. bcDe jdiblSo. ymjk Yof Ikeappa lag. p. 47» L 18-9S. 
XDL 1. Adam and Eve aeeking ahdter in the irooda: 

unm jpm on yfp^t yealb. uman on ^n^ bcdcef lileo. p. 52, L 6-7. 
2. Adam and Eve ntdng vput from eadi other : 
jvton on pmhpan. pu 52, L 11.' 

XX. 1. The Almighty cmuig ^e Serpent. ' 
2; Cbd cans to Adam in the Garden : 

hyttbon hie on heolfcpe. ^ hie hahg popb. bpihcnq* %Afpbim 
p. 53. L 12-14. 

XXI. The Almig^ly addresang Adam and Ere : C^ie figure of Ae Deitj 

h given donUe, ime being tiiraed towards Adam, the other tow ar d a 

Efe.) 

8a tt> enan job. ;fppinpi rPP>^* V^*"^ ^ H^om jp^nne. &e. p. 56,'- 
L 26-28. 

aheab eac abame. eoe bpiheen. hpef leoht-fpnma. 

laJ6 Kpenbe. ya jcealc oKepne. e8el feoean. &c. p. 57, L 8-13. 
XXn. The ezfle of Adam and Eve deiunmced, and thdr departure.' 
XXin. The Angel donng the Gate of Fuadiae : 

him on lapse beleac. hSja *) p^nna. hihtpilne ham. 

hahg engeL be ppean h»fe. f^pene fpeopbe. p. 58, L 12-17. 
XXIV. Hie Birth of AbeL 
XX7. The Story of Cun and Abd. 

1. Cain aiding his father in the labous of agricahare: 

offep h^ eo eop8an. dnq- tilobe. je p»f »p-bapen. p. 59« L S1-S3. 

2. Abel tendiog Gattk : 

offep »hce heoilb. p. 59, L 34. 

3. Abtt a oHeiing. 

4. The mmdcr of Abd. 

5. Abel*a blood crying to the Afanig^ityz * . 

1 hq' bkb to me.' deopaiS 3 ogee. p. 62, L 1M2. • 



CATALOGUE OF THE PLATES* 

XXVI. FoitherJUpietenttttfon of Cain's Hiitis^ - 

1. Hie Almighly addieMng Cain. 

.. 2. Cain trttfdliiig to his new abode: . 

him )n cam gepac 3 bun ^ fic jeoeaf . eqr-knbum. p. 64* 

L 19-18. . 

3. Cain widi hii wife and a»a Enoch. 

XXVn. Compaitmenta containing figuica of the Poateritj of Adam. 
XXVin. Two compartments^ 1. Jobal playing on his lyra.' 

2, 8. Tabal Cain, as a smith* and in die act of ploogfaing. 

4. Adam and Ere, the latter hol£ng Seth in her arms. 

XXIX. Setfa widi his wife and son. (Inscr. jieth ]mf fmh, Beth wmfrm- 

XXX. Enos. the son of Seth, and his femilf. 

XXXI. A figoie* peihaps Mahalaleel? standing hj an ahar. 
XXXU. The burial of Mahahded I 

mahdaheL pintpa h»fbe. pf 3 hnnb nigoncig. ^ ha pp8 J^pac. 
p. 71, L 25-80. 
XXXm. An Angel oonveraiBg with a Prophet, snpposed to be Enodi, 

peihapa in allnaion to the Teraet 
him p»f ^eoboi hcdb. p. 78, L 10. 
(The Ptophet treads an animal like a dragon under foot, but to thb 
there is no slliision in the poem.) 

XXXIV. The Thmalation of Enoch. The lower part represents the Pm 
. trisrch leavingearth; the upper, his entraneeinto beaten, attended 

hjangels. 

XXXV. Mathnsdsh attended by Us sons. On his right hand hii wtfe in 
bed, attended by two females* one of whom holds an in&nt in 
awaddlingdothes; presomed to r epr esen t the Kitb of Noahw 

XXXVI. Scenes in the liTCs of Lsmech and Noahw ' 

XXXVII. Hie Almighty commanding the Aik to be bn3t. Beneath Is 
seen the oommenoement of the woric ' 

XXXVUL The Ark completed and inhabited. The Almighty stsndBng at 
the door, ready to doae it when one of Noah's bobs and his wife 
sbsll have entered. ^^^^ 

XXXIX. The Ark afloat. In the lower part, the Deity is npveainted 
domngtheentimnoet ; -mJ.- 

him on boh bdeac. heofon-picer peapb. mapsthnfff meS.' p> 82, 



CATALOGUE OP THE PLATES. 



XL. NoiOi and hii fiunflj quittiiig the Aik ; the Deity hoUiiig tbe door 

open. 
XU. Koeh*t Sttcrifiee t 

ftL noe onpm. nep^enbc Ittc. p. 90, !• 1S*19. 
XLII. God's Corenant with Noah : 

ic eof cpeopa ^f . nme feDe. p. 92» L 28-99. 
XUIL NoiOi cultiTiitiiig the ^uth: 

fti noe onjan vtef cdian. p. 94« L 1*6. 
XUV. Noeh't Death and BnriaL 
XLV. The BuOdiiig of Bahd phumed. 
XL\1. God's Vittt to Bahel : The Diqienion : 

^ com hahg %cb. ptpa cDeofunra. feopc ftttfqjuL p. 101, L 7-9. 
XLVIL 1. The blemng of Ahnham : 

2. Ahfiham and hit lamflj going to Canaan. 

3. God appearing to Ahiaham : 

^a hue epau% engla. abpahame. lepbe r^pu p. 107« L 5-7. 
XLVIII. 1. Abraham standing (holding an axe) between two Mldingi, 

probaUj prepaiing to biiild his altar. 

2. The Deity appearing to Abraham. 
XLIX. Abraham approaching Egypt : 

jefeah ej^pta. hopn fele hpice. p. 109, 1. 10-11. 
L. An unfinished lUnmination. 

LI. Ornamental Decoration on p. 225 of the Manuscrqit. 
LII, LUI. Capital Letten, alphabeticallj arranged, referring to tiie pages 

of the Manuscript. 



e9 



/ 



CiEDMON'S 



METRICAL PARAPHRASE. 



s* 



JU^ 



^*o» 



»^-». 



u > 



>=-»"" 



*•* 






r 4 



'•• 



Us !f ]uht micel* 
)^ pe pobepa peapb« 
pepeba pilbop-cmios* 
popbum hepi^en* 
mdbam lapen* 
lie If nuejiia pp^^* 
heapob ealpa* 
heah-j^fceapta* * 
ppea «liii]hci2* 
nsf bun ppuma ifippe* 
4p sq'opben* 
ne nu enbc c^]»* 
^oean bpihtnep* 
ac he bit i pSoe* 
opep beopen-fttflaf • 
beapim l^ymmum. 
rdSpaepc anb fpiVpepom^ 
rpe2l-bdfiiiap heolb* 
y^L pvpon j^pecce* 
pSbe 3 ffbe* 

^upb jqw^ 2^^^' 
palbpep beapnuiD* 

2^ ('ft peqibum* 



10 



For us it is much rigbt 

ibat we the Guardian of the Blues, 

the GIoiy-Eing of bosts, 

witb owr words praise, 

in our nunds love. 

He is of power the essence, 

Me bead of all 

exalted creatures, 

the Lord almigbty. 

To bim bas bqpnning never 

origin been, 

nor now cometb end 

of the eternal Lord, 

but be is ever powerful 

over the beavenly tbrones* 

Witb bigb majesty, 

just and most vigorous, 

he ruled the beavenly concaves^ 

wbicb were placed 

wide and frr, 

tbrougb power of God, 

for the cbildren of glory, 

the guardians of spirits. 



CJEDMON*8 PARAPHRASE. 



haefbon jleam 3 bpeam- 
3* heopa opbjijiuiiian* 

beophte blij^e- 
p9ef beopa bheb naceh 
Jyejnaf )ypympefte« 
Jyeoben hepebon* 
jpaejbon lufcnin lop* 
beopa Iff jjiean- 
b£mbon bpShtnef • 
bu^ejmin pepon* 

fynna ne cu^on- 
p|iena fpemman* 
ac hie ou jjuSe kfbon- 
£ce mib beojia albop< 
ellef ne onsunnon- 
jii§pan on pobepum* 
nym)w ]uhe j fdS* 
aep'Son enjla peapb* 
pop ojxphyjbe* 
bael on jebpilbc-^ 

nolban bpeojan Icnj* 
heopa r^Ifpa pa^b* 
ac hie Of pb-lupui* 
2obef ahpuppon* 
haepbon pelp micel* 
p hie pif bpihtne* 
b«hui meahton*' 
pulbop-peftan pic- 
pepobef J^^mme* 

him ]wp fip jelamp* 



10 



Had lustre and joy 
of thdr original 
the hosts of angels^ 
bright blissy 
thrir reward was great : 
glorious ministers, 
ihty adored their Ruler, 
joyfully pndsed 
thdr life's Lord ; 
^^9 judged, by the Lord's 
power, theywm 
most h&ppy. 
Sins they knew not^ 
nor crimes to perpetrate, 
but they lived in peace, 
ever with their Chief: 
aught else they sought not 
to rear in heaven, 
save right and truth, 
ere that the angels* guardian, 
for pride, 
sank into error. 
They would no longer work 
thdr own good, 
but they firom the love 
of God turned away* 
T%ey had the great presumption 
that they agadnst the Lord 
could divide 
the glory-fast abode, 
that multitude of host, 
ample and heavenly bright. 
Pain there befell them. 



* "i aeema to be Rdnndant in this place. 

* The Kate of tliit psMSge b obecnre, and the interpretation givcta not ftee 
from objection, vnlcM for ^ebpibe we read s^^pfo ia Uie acctttatire. 




I 1 



^nm 






C^DMON'S PARAPHRASE. 



apjTt 1 Ofepbyjb. 


-y ]>apf enjkf m<b. 


\e )K>ne unpsb oujan- 


aepejT fpenunan* 


pepm ^ peccean* 


]»a he popbc q«eS* 


nij^q- opj^j-pfteb. 


j^ he on nopiS-MIe* 


him 3 heah-fecl* [ S ] 


heopena pfcef • m 


<2<^a polbe* 


)m peapt ]^pe job* 


*} ]^ain pepobe pjiaV* 


]?e he i£p pupSobe* 


plice -} pulbpe* 


fce6p ]»am p^jUqjui* 


ppaechcne him* 


peopce to leine* 


helle heapar* 


heapbe m^Sap* ^ 


heht j» pfce-hiip* 


ppaecna biban* 


be6p bpeama leap*. . 


bpihten lipe* 


japca peapbap. 


]>a he hit j^ape pipte- 


pinnihte bepealb< 


puple 2«ianob* 


jeonb-polen pypc- 


T paep-cyle* 30 



pece *] peibe leje* 
heht ]>a j^onb ^ psbleape h6p< 
peaxan pfte-bpoji^n* 
haepbon hie ppoht^j^teme* 
2pimine pi% jfib jepomiiob* 
him ]»app 2Pim lein becom« 

bS 



envy and prid^ 

and the angd*s mood, 

who that eril oounsel bq;an 

first to fram^ y 

to weave and agitate. 

Then apake be the woitfa,' 

from malice thirsty^ 

that he in Me north part 

a home and lofty waX ' ^ 

of heaven's kingdom 

would possess. 

Then was God angry^ 
and wroth with that host^ 
whom he erst had honoured 
with beauty and with glory ; 
he formed, for these finlse ones, 
an exSe home, 
anguish for reward, 
the groans of heD, 
hard punishments ; 
bade the torture-house 
await the ezileSy 
deep, void of joys, 
our Lord, 

the guardians of spirits. 
When he knew it ready, 
furnished mth perpetual night, 
with sulphur charged, ■ 
with fire filled throughout, 
and cold intense, • 
smoke & red flame, [comfort void, 
bade then, through that house of 
the dread of torment to increase. . 

They had eriminations 
bitterly gathered agmnst €k)d ; . 
on them, for this,grim retributum* 

[camei 



.•», 



S PARAPHRASE. 



cpKbon f lieo pSoe- 
pcVemdbe* 
a^anpolban* 
3 fpa eaiSe meahcan- 
lum feo p£n ^^leah- 
I-iS^San palbenb bfr* 
heofena beali cminj. 
lionba apiSpbe* 
liebjTe jnS )yam bqije- 
ne mibtTOD by;^ leape- 
iiueiie px8 meeobe* 
nu^yn bjiyctijan. 
ic bun fe mifijia* 

IIl6b 2^JW}lb€« 

boelc fopbi^be* 
pB, be jcboljen peapS- 
bej-lob jyn-]*cea)>an- 
pjope T 2«pealbc. 
Mme 'J bujeSe* 
3 bpcame bendm* 
liff feonb ]:)u1So* 

J 2®F^^ eal]e« 
cojUire cipe* 
;j btf cojui jeppaec* 
on j^facum fpiSe* 
feljxf mibnun* 
jtpenjum ftiepe* 
bsfbe jcyjme mdb* 

2P<p on ppsSe* 

jzium fobnum* 

'3 bim on peCin jebps^ 

yjionmdbe* 

aelSele befc^ebe* 

bif pilSqi-bjiecan* 

fulbop-2^ftealbiim- 



10 



they said tbat tbey the empire 
(ui their fierce mood) 
would posMss, 
and BO migbt easOj. 
[4 ] Him tbat bope decdved, 
after bin Sovereign, 
beaven*6 bigb King, 
his bands uprear'd 
most bigb against tbat crew, 
nor migbt they of counsd rend, 
the faitblesa against the Creator 
employ force; 
for tbem tbe Migbty 
deprived of courage. 
He bent their pride 
wben be was angry, 
bereft the impioos 
of triumpb and power, 
sway and dignity, 
and of joy deprived tbem, 
bis foes of freedom, 
and all of exultation, 
and brigbt glory ; 
and bis anger wreaked 
vebemently on his adversaries, 
by his oivn powers, 
witb strong step. 
Stem he was of mood, 
bitterly provoked, 
he griped in his wratb 
witb bosUle bands, 
and crushed them in hisgra^m 
Angry in mood 
he deprived of thdr country 
bis adversaries, 
of their glorious abodes; 



[■ 



l^ 



CJSDMON^S PARAPHRASE. 



jt:e6p y^L -J pcypcbe. 
fcippeub 6jie* 
opephib^ cjn* 
eujla op heopmm. 
pi^jileaf pepob* 
palbenb fenbe* 
liSpenbne Iiepe* 
OD lanjne pC* 
jeompe jaftar- 
fflPf bun 2ylp fO]\ob- 
beot fopbopfoen- 
3 fopbijeb ^ym* 
flice gcpemmeb- 
beo on ppace- 
fJ'SSan peomobon* 
fpeapce pSe* 
ne )K>p)zon bifibe bbhban* 
ac beo bell-tpejum* 
pejuje jninobon* 
3 fein caiSon* 

pifl Jypqpebon* 
)KTt]ium be]^abce- 
'penjil aejrtepleib* 
^aep ]w beo onpinnon* 
pi% 2<^ pinnan* 

>a per r**' n» <n- 

pbb on beopium- 
Faegie fpeo^]^eapaf • 
fpea eaUum leoj:- 
]»eoben bff J^epium- 
^pjmmaf peoxon« 
bu^niSa mib bpibtne* 
bpeim-bsbbentsgia :• 



tben removed and cut off 

oar Creator 

the bangbty race 

of angels firom beaven ; 

tie faitbleu tribe 

the Powerful aent, ^ 

the bateful band, 

on a long joomey, 

tke sad spirits. 

Heir Taunt was quailed^ 

their threat sbattered, 

and grandeur bowed, 

their beauty corrupted. 

Tliey intoezile 

urged tben ^ " 

their darksome way. 

They migbt not loudly laugli, 

but they in bell-torments 

accursed dwelt, 

and woe they knew, 

pain and sorrow, 

torment endured ; 

witb darkness decked, 

bard retribution, 

for tbat they had devised 

against God to war. 

Tben was after as before 

peace in beaven, 

fair loving thews ; 

the Lord dev to all, 

the Supreme to bis ministers ; 

the glories waxed 

of the good witb tfteir Lord, 

of the possessors of bliss. 



* I baTe translated as if pV Ltd stood in the tcxt» 
gcaaias mdiBg. 



is wiUiovt dooU the 



\ 



i 



6 



CiEDMON*8 PARAPHRASE. 



A 85 pKpon fa jefome. 

^ ^ JTQ^ Iman* 
pulbper eSd. 
ppohc pef afppfiujen* 
obt mib eDjlurn* 

pSiten bepe-fdpin- 
lieo]x>n oj2|Bpon« 
kohce belojieoe* 
lum on lafte fed* 
polboji-fpebum pelij- 
plbejt^Sban* 
jipom jpopenbe* 
on 2<>^ pSoe* 
beopht ^ j^bhebjaeft* 
buenbpa leaf • 
pSISan ppaec-ftope« 

nnbeji beajun-locan* 

)»afeabeobe- 

J^eoben Ape* 

mdb-je^Dce* 

btl be y^L nu^pan jefceajrt* 

eSel-fts8obq-« 

ejt jepecee* 

fpqel-copbtan felb* 

felpan pepobe- ' 

]ni bie pdp-fceaf an* 

OFPpen baepbon* 

beab on beojpennm* 

fop]rain balq; job* 

nnbep pobepap fenj* 

ptcum mibtiim* 

polbe f bun eop'Se* 



10 



II. 

[ 5 ] Tben were in concord 

tbose tbat uababit the firmament^ 

the region of glory ; 

strife was dissipated, 

ttxcfram among the angels, 

and fatal bate, 

since the bostile bands 

bad beaven resigned, 

of ligbt bereft. 

Bebind tbem thai abode, 

ricb in glorious works, 

widely stood, 

witb gifts flourisbing, 

in God's realm, 

brigbt and fruitful, 

of dwellers void, 

since to their exile-place 

the sprites malignant, 

beneatb the dungeonsof perdition, 

wretcbed fared. 

Tben pondered 

our Lord 

in mind, 

bow be tbe great creation, 

native settlements, 

migbt replenisb, 

beaven-brigbt seats, . 

witb u better race, 

since tbem those braggart rebels 

bad resigned, 

bigb in the beavens : 

for tbat the boly God, 

imder the span of the firmament^ 

in hie abundant powers, 

would tbat for bim an earth 






dhiM 




CJSDMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



^ fip pobeji- 

;) f{b psteji* 

jefeteb jmpbc* 

populb-jefceafce* 

on ppaSjia pdb- 

^pa ^ fophealbenc* 

op hleo fenbe* 

ne psf h^ji ^ pec* 

n]^m^ heoljtxji-foeabp 

piht 2e]H$pben« 

<c )«f piba 2pttnb« 

jrdb be4$p *] bun* 

bjuhtne fpembc* 

Sbel ^ tinn^* 

on ]K>De eapim pUc* 

^ ]ya fcbpe beheolb* 

bpeima lea^e* 

jefeah beopc jefpeopc- 

femian pnnihte- . 

fpeapt tiobep pobepum* 

ponn "J fijve* 

o% f ^eoy populb-^epoeap' 

]yuph p6pb lepeajtS* 

pulbop-cynin^er* 

h^p ifipepc j^foe^* 

^ce bpihteo- 

helm eall-pilica* 

heojron 'j eoplSan* 

pobop apiSpbe- 

3 yiy ptime lanb- 

jeftaj^elobe* 

ftpanpim- mihctmi* 

Fpea slmihti;* 

poibe p«r y^ 2$*^* 

Zpaep ^2P&ie. 



/_ 



and firmament above 

and wide water > 

were planted 

with worldly creataieay 

in place of the hostile ones^ 

of those whom headlong - . 

he had sent from their abode* 
l^ere had not here as yet, 

save carem-shade, 
IS aught been | 

but this mde abyss 

stood deqp and dim^ 

strange to iie Lord, _ 

idle and useless ; . 

on which looked with his eyes 

the King firm of mind, 

and beheld those places 

void of joys; 

saw the dark cloud 
so lower in eternal night, 

swart under heaven, 

dark and waste;, : . 

until thb worldly creation 

through the word existed 

of the Glory-King. 
Here first shaped . 

#Ae Lord etemsl, -i 

chief of all creatures,.: 

* 

heaven and earth, 
so the firmament ijqpreared, 
[ 6 ] and this spacious land 
established 
by his strong powers, 
the Lord almighty. 
T%e earth as yet wte 
not green with grass j 



Cio-, 



V 



8 



CJEDMON*8 PARAPHRASE. 



2<prec: >eali&e. 
fpeapt fymuhce* 

ponn€ ysBffif* 
^a paep pulboji-tophc* 
heoj^n-peapbej- j^jr* 
ofep hdlm bdjien* 
nudum fpebiim* 
metob enjla bdit* 

leoht pqvScnman* 
opqi jitliiuie 2pAnb« 
pa^ pef 2cpylleb- 
heah-cininjef Iu§f • 
liim paq* hali; leoht* 
opep p^ftenne* 
fpa fe pyphta bebeib* 
)^a jcfiiiibpobe* 
Pjojia palbenb* 
Ofep. lajo-jldbe* 
leoht fit ]^eoftpu]ii* 
fceibe pi{S fdman* 
fcetfp y^ b£m ndmao* 
Ifjxf bpytta- 
leoht psf iSpeft* 
]mph bjuhtnef ptfpb* 
bae; 2^n£imieb* 
plite beophte jepoeap:' 
pelUoobe- 
fpein set fpymiSe* 
popj^-bspo tfb* 
b«i aepefta s^peah* 
beqicfceabo- 
fpeapt jyitpian* 
jeonb jibne 2pttDb* 



10 



ocean ooTcr'dy 
swart in eternal nighty 
for and wide^ 
the dusky wayt. 

Then was the glory-bright 
spirit of heaven's Guardian 
borne over the deep, 
with utmost speed : 
the Creator of angels bade, 
the Lord of life^ 
light to come forth 
over the spacious deep. 
Quickly was fulfilled 
the high King's behest, 
for him was holy light 
over the waste, 
as the Maker bade. 

Then sunder'd 
the Lord of triumphs 
over the oceaurflood 
light from darkness, . 
shade from brightness, • 
then gave names to .both, 
the Lord of life. 
Light was first 
through the Lord's word 
named day } 

beauteous bright creation ! 
Well pleased 

the Lord at the bq;inning9 
Me procreative time. 

2%e first day saw 
the dark shade 
swart prevuling 
over the wide abyss. 



rfMflHMHMHfliiMbafaMtaa 




CiEDMON^S PARAPHRASE. 



9 



in. 

ofep abep-j-ceacaa** ^ 

mecob Kfceji fcea):* 
fctpom fciman* 
jnppcnb 4]ie* 
vpen vjicjl?* 
him ijin on laft* 
fpanj l^yrtpe jenip. 
]>am ]^ fe )»eoben felp* 
jcedp nihte iiiinan« 
nepjenb tipe- 
hie jcpinbpobe* 

bpujon *] bybon* 
bpihmef piUan- 
ice ojpep eop^San* 
ia. com oSep bae;* 
leohc aeptep ]^eoftpum« 
heht )m Ifpef peapb* 
on mepe pI6be« 
mibbum peoplSan* 
hyhrhc heopon-timbep* 
hohni^ biSIbe* 
palbenb Ape* 
3 jepophte )m* 
pobepaf pejren- 
"P p pica £h6p» 
6p fpom eoplSan* 
]wph hff A'^en pdpb* 



M 



III. 

I Then the time passed 

over ike fruitfiil region 

of mid earth : 

2%e Lord after impdled 

from ike sheer brightness, 

onr Creator, 

lAe even first: 

ran on its track, V 

press'd on, ike dark dood, 

to which the Lord himself 

gave ike name of night ; 

our Preserver 

them separated ; 

always since 

ikey have suffered and done 

ike Lord's will, 

ever over earth. 

Then came ike second day, 

light after darkness : 

bade then life's Guardian, 

in ike ocean-flood, 
^ in ike midst to be, 

ike joyous heavenly frame ; 

ike waters parted 

our Ruler, ^ . 

and then wrought 

ike compact firmament; 

this the Powerful hove 

up fix>m earth, 

through his own word. 



* rnxji-jceica. or tliis exprvMion the tigiuficatioii it eitremely dottbtlbL 
Hickes csnjechiret that ''mipeijfeht vel pUnitin ttrrm, quod monen fcrt vd ftu^ 
gifen tit. dicitar nlxji-jceaca (fertan meudote pro ^ibeji-jceata) et mdOBymict 
Ami^Wrimi, tea pimiHem temt, ke. deaotat.*' Vide Gr. A.8. p. IST. aad Lyi?, 
•abvoot. 



.* 



i . 



10 



CifiDMON*8 PARAPHRASE. 



polb pef ibifleb- 
tobqi heali-jiobope- 
Iia^am nuhconi* 
pKteji dp jnetpnm* 

Anbep paejtseime* 

foloL hjidpq*. 

yi com ojxp polban* 

mrfpe mqi^en ^bbft« 
DspoD m^cobe iSa 2^« 
]A> lonb ne f6ffLf nftce* 
ie ftdb bqrpijen jaefte* 
polbe nub ]idbe* 
jjiea enjla liehc* 
^jili bq* pdpb p^pn* 
pee&ep j^nufine* 
]^a mi uibep pobepmn* 
heojia pyoe liealba6« 
jtdpe jeprcpibc* 
iSa ftdb IquKBe- 
holm mibeji heofonmn* 
fpa fe Iialja bebeib* 
jpfb 8etpomii6* 
iSa jq-Anbpob pef • 
li^o piS lanbe* 
jcfeah ^ ISpef peajib* 
bjuje ftope* 
bujoSa hjjibe* 
pibecte^ibe* 
)Hl fe pilboji-cymnj* 
eoplSan n^mbe* 
jefecte jivaa lieopa* 
oDjuhtne jifut* 
pfimnm fldbe* 



/Atf Lord alm^litf* 
Eaifh WIS dinded 
mider tie lolly finnament 
by iis holj might : 
water firom waters^ 
for those who yet dwdl 
wider /Ae fMtiiess 
of ihe roof of nationt, 
Ihen came over earth* 

M swifUyjoomeyiiig 
the third great mom. 
Were not meted yet 
inde hmd nor naefid waya^ 
but stood fiist cofer'd 
earth with flood. 
Tke Lord of angebi hade- 
through his word to he 
the waters oommon, 
that now nnder heaven 

90 hold thdr conrae, 
tmd their places fixed. 
Then forthwith stood 
ocean under heaven, 
as the Holy ordmned, 
wide, in one assembled ; 
then was parted 

water firom land. 

* 

Saw then Kfe's Guardian - 
the dzy places^ 
30 {the Preserver of all good,) 
wide displayed^ 
these the Sang of glory 
named earth; 
set to the waves thdr 
justcoors^ 
to the spacious flood. 



if riii<1iiirrMirfrrn*n mrf n ii'if'fciiiiMr^'^*^ 



CJEDMON*8 PARAPHRASE. 



11 



jefceejio* 



And fettered 



*- 



ne J^ulite fh jeptpie* 
pobo|ia peajibe* 
f abam leiij* . 

ftlft JW6JI6'* 

neojuma pon^q** 

mpjie ^cfceajse* 

bypbc 3 halbenb* 

]x>p]Km him.heah-cyninj' 

ppea aelmilit^* 

pilcum tiAe- 

pip £peahce* 

3 ]^a ppaSe pealbe* 

ISjief leohe-fpuma- * 

leopim pince* 

he f anbpeopc* 

Of ab^mef • 

lloe fleorSobe* 

3 him hjtrum Iceah* 

pSb 6fji!tmMk^ 



10 



[9] Then aeem'd tV not fitting 

to Me Guardian of ihe firmament 

that Adam longer 

were alone 

of Paradise 

of the new creation^ 

keeper and nder ; 

therefore for lum the high king, 

the Lord almighty^ 

created a hdpmat^ 

ndsed up a woman, 

and her gave for a support 

the Author of life's fight 

to the beloved man. 

He the substance . 

firom Adam'a 

body dismember'd, . 

and from it skilfully extracted 

a rib from the ride. - 



Ia this part of the MS. are vcttiges of three leaics tbsl have bcca ent out. 



i 



12 



C£D5ION^8 PARAPHRASE. 



lie pVf ]ICJt6*fK]T- 

]*£p 116 jnjoe* 
eapfdSa Mi- 
ll^ ^p iSni; c6oi- 
\A6b Of beniie* 
ac him bji^o en^la* 
0|p lice iceah- 
liobenbe* Mn* 
p^p tinfdnbob* 
^ ^ftin pophce j/Sb* 
jrpeolica jaemiuui* 
jeoph in-jebjbe- 
&e jaule- 

heo psepon en^him ^cUce* 
^ paef abamef bpyb- 
2ir^ X^eappob. 
lue 6ii jeogofBe bfi- 
plite beophc paepon- 
on populb oemieb* 
meotobep nubmrn- 
min ne cuSon* 
b6ii ne bpeojan* 
ic buD bpibmef pilp* 
Mm on bpeojTmn* 
bypnenbe Inpi* 
]m jcbleqtibe* 
bbS-heopt cymii}* 
metob alpihai- 
monna cyiiiie|'« 
&i jxypman tpdL* 
pebep^ mobep- 
p^^pepneb- 
he ]m p6pbe cp«S* 



He was bat at resCy 

and aoftly slept, 

hnew Dotpain, 

f lo share of sufferingSj 

nor came there any 

blood from the wound ; 

but from him the Lord of angels, 

from his body drew 

a jointed bonc^ 
10 the man unwonnded,. 

of which God wrought 

o goodly woman, 

inspired life into her^ 

an immortal soul : 

they were like unto angels. 
[10] Then was Adam's bride 

with sjnrit endued. 

They in youth both, 

bright in beauty, were 
ss into the world brought forth 

by the Creator's might. 

Crime they knew not 

to do nor suffer; 

but of the Lord was to them 

both^ in f Aeir breasts, 

burning love. 

Then blessed 

the blithe heart King^ 

the Lord of all things, 
as of mankind 

the first two. 

Cither and mother, 

female and male: - 

then spake he the words : 



* Ptthspo we thonld ifsd hoVcn^ liin. Lye- conjcctartt kiriben b&a, Jb»fo- 
nas«i. |«Jiiuijimt«^« ia the next liae^ Mcmt pat sbMlstdp. 



CiEDMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



IS 



temaS ud 'j pexat* 
mb]i6 finals* 
eojiiSan Kl-2P«ne* 
inqie cynne* 
ranum 3 bobtjiuin* 
mc j-oeal fealc psoep* 

punian on 2cp^^* 
3 eall populbe s^fceajit* 
bpucaS bbeb-baja* 
J b]um-lilaeji?e< 

3 heofon-pijlA* 
mc Sf ludi; feoIi« 
3 pilbe beoji* 
on 2cpealb jefealb* 
-J lipsenbe* 
%a iSe lanb tpebaS* 
peopb-eaceno cynn* 
%a ISe jddb pecceiS- 
jeonb bp6n-pibe« 
IDC bypa? eall* 

Safceapobe* 

jtrf'ppenb Ape- 

hip peopca plSee* 

3 bip pKfCma bl^- 

nippa sepceafta* 

neopxna panj jt^. 

5* 1 japcbc- 

ppena jeji^lleb* 

ppemum p)p%peapbum- 

paejepe leobte*- 

f liiSe lanb* 

la^o ^pnenbe* 



M 



' Teem now and increaM^ 

fill witb progeny 

the all-green earib^ 

witb yoor Vin, 

witb tons and dangbtert. 

To you tball the salt water 

abide in dominionj 

and all the worldly creation. 

Enjoy prosperous days, 

and ihe ooean-freigbt, 

and fowls of beaten ; 

to you is sacred the cattle, 

and the wild beasts 

in dominion given^ 

and all living creaturei, 

tbose tbat tread the land^ 

a race endued witb lifet, [fortb, 

tbose wbicb the water bringetb 

tbrougbout the wbale's roadj 

all sball you obey.' 

Tbenbebdd 
our Creator 

the beauty of bis works [tions, 
and the excellence of bis produc- 
of the new creatures. 
Paradise stood ^ 
good and spiritual, 
filled witb gifts, . 

[12] witb forward benefits. 
» Fair wasbed 
the genial land 
the running water. 



90 

[H] 



* fVom leccian* rtjwre, irrisan: unp. Ichvc, Icobve. Unit sgaiB* 

fco (eojitte) ptj f KTjism petbr. 

laio-jvjiMnram ledhr, 
wbcre tbe context Mcmt to thow tbst Icdhr is s ptrticipic tad not the sdjectrrt. 



t-- 



rn 



14 



C£DMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



pylle-bupiie- 
naDef polcna iSa pet* 
0]xji ptimne gitinb* 
ji^jDaj* tnejion* 
paim mib prnbe* 
hpdSpe pflejnuuin Yc6b» 
pdbe ^eppBctpob* 
heolbon pojiiS-pyne* 
ea-ftpeimaf heopa* 
dSelefeopqi* 
ojp ^am mpan* 
neopxna ponje* 
]^ paepon abiSlebe* 
bjiihtnef mihtam* 
ealle op Aium* 
]m he y^Y eopiSan jefcedp* 
I«tpe plice beophtum* 
"J 6n popvlb fenbe« 
^pe hacaiS ylbe^-^ 
eoplS-bfienbe* . 
jifaa folc-pepaf • 
fl6-p>lban b£L^* 
bpibe bebu^elS* 
beophtum fcpeiinum* 
he bele<c ttan- 
on ympe Hfl'tjjif'' 
nflSiSaf pnbalS* * 
nejn ^ peoppan* 
jdb ^ j^m-c^Dii* 



#Ae well-brook : 

no clouds ai yet 

over the ampk ground 

bore nana 

lowering with wind }^. 

yet with fruits stood 

earth adom'd. 

Held their onward course 

river-streams ' 
IS four noble onef 

from the new * * 

Faradise. 

These were parted^ 

by the Lord's might, 

all from one 

(when he this earth created) 

water with beauty bright, 

and sent into the world ; 

of which thejtrst men call 
» (earth's inhabitants)^ 

(the men of the country) Pison^ 

the marine parts 

it widely compasseth : 

with its bright streams^ 

he shut it out. 

In that country 

men find^ 

from near and far, 

gold and gems 



* IdcnibttliecorrectMMofthetruttktioii ofHiitfiaes to juttily it we imglit 
to brnve jumc m tbe originaL 

* Tlie MS. secmB to be defective in this plsce, ao mention being made of Piion 
bemg tbejbvf, analogously with the other three, and which is necesury to ^ 
constmction and tense. . 

* It seems not improbable that by jr«-folban hmi is intended a transUtioa of 
ihtlend qf HatU^hf yet lam not aware of the existence of its llrst syllable, IIav« 
srs« in Anglo-Saxon, though the usual word for ecess in Danish. . 



/ 



-^J 



tfiMiiiin 



mMi 



C£DMON*S PARAPHRASE, 



15 



■^.1 



]H>Diie jeo vftpe* 
erhiopia lanb* 
1 leob-jcajib* ' 
beUs^f iiton* 
pnne jiloe* 
]?ae]ie If 2^^n noma* 
YpAb& if tijpir. . 
feo pi% J^edbfcipe- 
e£ m fljbe* 
afppiae beliS- 
rpilce If reo }:eo|vVe** 
]ia nu 2Conb folc moni^' 
pepaf eifjaxin* 
pibe n^miudS** 



M 



{the duldren of nm) 

the most excdknty 

firom what books idl us. 

Tlien the next 

the Ethiop-land 

and territory 

enoompassethj 

ample realma i 

its name is Gihon. 

2%e third is Tigris, 

whidi towards the nation 

(Me river in its flow) 

of Assyria lieth« 

Thos is the fourth, 

that now, 'mongst many folks, 

men Euphrates 

widely call. 






\ 
> 









•^ 



[18] 
ic mota)S mc ^tsf olSpef ealkf • but enjoy every other, 

poplaetaiS Jione iSnne beim* abstain from that one tree, 

paputS mc pif ^ne psftm- sd beware of that frmt, 
ne pyp% mc pdna 2^* let it not be to you a goad of de- 

sires/ 

? Here s lesf sppews to bare been cot vat of the MS. 



>- 



<^. 

^ 

w 

■'■i 
%, 

V 



» *- 



A 



16 CiEDMON*S 


PARAPHRASE. 

• 


hnQon ^a nub beafbum* 


Then bowed they witb /Adr beada 


lieopoii-cyiiuije* 


to the bearenly King^ 


jeojine cojeinef • 


fervently before him. 


^ fsebon eallef ^anc* 


and said tbanika for all. 


Iffta 3 ^jia Upa« 


fortbosecoansdsanduistructiona. 


be let heo ^ laab bfian* 


He let tbem tbat land inbabit; 


bpaejif bim ]m co beoj^num- 


departed tben to beaTcn 


babj bpibten- 


the boly Lord, 


fti%-j»jibV cymiis- lo 


the King firm of nund. 


ftdb bff banb-2epeo]ic« 


His band-work stood 


fomob on pmbe* 


togetber on earth ; 


nyj-ton fojija fibt* 


they knew not augfat of sorrows 


cd bejjiojtnianiie* 


to bewail. 


butan beo zcbef piUan- 


but they 6od*s will 


lenjejT laejcen* 


long performed ; 


beo paejion leof jobe- 


they were dear to God . 


ISenben beo bif balije p6pb- 


while they bis boly word 


bealban.polbon- 


would bdd. ' 




IV. 


|>«fbe fe ealpalba- [ li ] 


The All-powerfttl bad • 


enjel-cynna* . u 


angel-tiibes. 


jnqib banb-maegen* 


through migbt of band, - . 


babj bjiibten* 


the holy Lord, 


k^e j/ettpjfmsbe* 


ten* established. 


ytsm be jeqiupobe pel* 


in whom be trusted well 


X j^ bie bff ponjopfope* 


that they bis service 


j^bjan polben* 


would follow. 


pypcean bff pillan* 


work bis will; . 


]:op]H>n be bim j^pfc p opjeap • 


therefore gave be them wit. 


J mib bff banbum j^fcedp* ao 


and shaped them with bis bands ; 


_ ball; bpibten* [bee 


• /Ae boly Lord. ■ 


jef^tt b»pbe be bf e fpa jefifeli;- 


' He bad placed them so happily. 


ihiiie bspbe be fpa jyiiSne je* 


- one be bad made so power- 


popbtne* 


ful. 


• That iEUik« ')4 ^efopbve be tyn 


I en^a ^jiob/ See Ra4» 6ram. p. 191. 









3 

i 



i 



N*S PARAPHRA8B. • 17 

l^pliiiihcijiieonhff mdb-2e]H>bte* lo nugfaty in Us iniiid*8 thought, 
he lee hue fpa midef pealban* he let him swmy orer 00 muchj 
hehjme to him on heojxma highest after himiirlf in hearen's 

]i!oe« (pophcne* lungdom. . 

hKfbe he hme fpa hpfme 2^ He had made him ao Cur, . 
fpapynhcpaefhif ]i«jfcmonheo- sobeattteonawasluslbnninheaf- 

jpooum* yen, 

f hmi com j^om pejioba bpihc* that came to him from tie Lord 

ne* [pum* ofhosta, 

jelSc pKf he ]iam leohcmn fceoji-. he was like to the light stars. 
l6p fcedbe he bjuhcnef pyp- It was his to woik the prmse off 

cean* the Lord, 

bypan jxeolbe he hif bpeamaf it was his to hold dear his joys in 

onheoponnm* . heaven, 

J fceolbe hSf bpihtne ^ancian* 10 and to thank Ids Lord 
yxf leinef ]^ he hmi on ^am for the reward that he had be* 

leohte jefcepebe* stow'd on him in that light $ 

^nneletehehif hmelan^epeal- then had he let him long possess 

ban* it; 

<c he ap^nbe hit him to pyppan hut he turned it for himself to a 

^iii2e- 'worse things 

Sngbk him pinn tip-ahebban- began to raise war upon lum, 
pit )Hme hehjtan heopief peal- against the highest Ruler of hea-* 

benb* Ten, 

]w fiteS on yam hal^an jt6ie* who sitteth in the holy seat. • 
beope p»f h€ bpihtne tipum* Dear was he to our Lord, 
ne mihte him bebjTineb pyp%an« but ii might not be hidden from 
f hip eD2}*l onjan* that his angel bq;an [him 

4|»pm<Sb p^pan* » to be presumptuousj, 

ih6f hme pit hip heappan* raised himself agmnst his Master, 

pohce hete-pppaece* sought speech of hate^ . 

2ylp-^p<>pb 6ii2ean- words of pride towards Atm, 

nolbe 2obe ]»eopian* would not serre God, 

cfmK f htp He paepe- said that his body was 

leoht 3 potne. light and beanteoos, 

hpfc 3 hiop-beopht* fair and bright of hue : 

c 






18 



CJSDMON*S PABAPHRAS£. 



^ jjk meahte M etbff hisepnbaii* 
^ he 2obe polbe* 

J^edbne l^eofuin* 
J^uhee lum jylpim* 
^ be rsas^tk 3 qiaepc* 
in^pan bvfbe* 
]H>niie f£ halja job* 
habbon mihte* 

peala popba jefpsc* 
fe eD2el ojrejimdbef • 
]K>bee }m]ib bif inef quejit* 

I1& h£ blm ftpenslu^pi^* 

ftul jepdpbce* 

heahpan on beop>niiin« 

qwS ^ bine bif bSje fpeone* 

^ be peft ^ nopIS* 

pypcean onjonue* 

qi^mebe jetimbpo* m 

cpKfS bun tj^eo-J^iibte- 

1^ be 'jfic^ polbe* 

jeonjpa peopiSan* 

bpaec fceal Ic pinnan q«fS be* 

nif me pibtae ^eapp* 

beappan to babbanne* 

ic maej mib banbum fpa pebi* 

pinbpa 2cpypcean* 

ic baebbe jepealb mioel* 

to 2ypp&iinc* 90 

2obleqian ftdl* 

beappan on beopne* [pian- 

bp^fceal ic aeptep bif hylbo^Seo- 
bujAnbim fpilcefjeonjopbtfmef • 
ic mc2 p^fiui job fpa b£* 
btjiranbaSme rtpanse 2ca€ataf « 



be migbt not find in bit mind 

tbat be would God 

inralgectioDy 

hU Lord, aerre : 

Seem'd to bimadf 

tbat be a power and force 

bad greater 

tban tbe boly Ood 

could baye 

of adberenta. 

Many words spake 

tbe angel of presumption : 

tbougbt, tbrougb bis own power, 

bow be for bimself a stronger 

seat migbt make^ 

bigber in beayen: 

said tbat bim bis mind impelled, 

tbat be west and north 

would begin to work, 

would prepare structures: 

said it to bim seemed doubtful 

tbat be to God would 

be a vassal. 

MMiysbaUItoU?' said be;. 

^to me it is no whit needful • 

to have a superior; 

I can with my bands as many 

wonders work > 

I have great power 

to form 

a diviner tbrone* 

a higher in heaven. 

Wliy shall I for his favour serve, 

bend to him in such vassalage} 

I may be a god as be« 

Stand by me, strong associates. 



L— * 




ilMMI 



CiEDMON'8 PARAPHRASE. 



19 



yn, De piUaS me «c }^am ftpfSe who will not hH me in fhe ttiii 
bKle^fhea]ibmobe* (j^fpfcan* Heroes stem of mood, 
bie habbat me to heappan 2^co* they have chosen me for duel^ 
pdfepmcaf* {jiene* renowned wanionl 



nub fpilcum maej man jiafib je- 

]wncean* 
f6n nub fpilcum ^zolc-jejtreallan* 
jfpynb jynb hie mine 2^opne« 
holbe on hypa hy^e-foeaptam* 
fc mae; hJTia heappa pefan* 
p^Sban on ^if pfce* 
fpa me f piht ne ^incet< 
f ie oleccan* 
tfjnhc ^ppe* 

2obe sftep jjSbe ssnepun* 
ne pille Sc len; hiy jeonspa pup- I will no longer be hit TassaL' 
]^a hit fe allpalba* [>an. When the All-powerful it 



10 



such nmy one devise coon- 

with such capture hi$ adherents ; 

they are my zealous firicnds^ 

faithful in thdr thoughts ; 

I may be thdr chicftun^ 

sway in this realm t 

thus to me it seemeth not right 

that I til aught 

need cringle 

to God for any good ; 



eall ^ehypbe* 

f hip en;}'! onjan* . 

ojrepmebe micel* 

ahebban piV hff heappan- » 

-J fppaec heah; p<$pb« 

bollice piS bpihten f inne* 

fceolbe he }^a bsSb onjylban* 

pope ^«r 2^pmnep 2^^^<^- 

-J fceolbe hif pite habban* 

ealpa mop%pa nueft* [ 16 ] 

fpa beiS monna 2€hpilc« 

'pe pit hip palbenb* 

pmnan onjjnneV* [cen 



allhadheard^ 

that his angel devised 

great presumption 

to ndse up against his master, 

and spake proud words 

foolishly agunst his liord^ 

then must he expiate the deed, 

share the work of jtrar, 

and for his punishment must hare 

of all deadly ills fAe grealesL 

So doth erery man 

yrho against his Lord 

deviseth to war. 



mib mane pi^ ^one mfiipan bpih- with crime against thegieatRider. 
^ peap« pe mihtija jeboljen. ai Then was the Mighty angry^ 
heh]Ta heofonep palbenb* the highest Rnkr of heaven, 

peapp hme op >an he<n ptdlc hurled him from the lof^ «eat ; 
hite h»pbe he mt hfp heappan hate had he gam'd at his Loid, 
^upunnen- 



\ 



20 



C£DMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



bylh Ymfbe hip peplopene* Us farour he had lott, 

2pim peajvS inm fe %6bh on hff incensed with him was the Good 

mdbe* . in hb nund, 

fop]Hmherceolbe2iitinb3er£cant therefore he must sedt the golf 
heapber helle-jtfcer* ®^ ^'^ hdl-torment, 

ymf fc he pann pi« heofnep pal- for that he had warr'd with hea- 

benb- ven's Ruler. [vour, 

iqwS hme )« jipam hif h^lbo* JBe rejected him then from his fa- 



-J hme on helle peapp* 
on ya, beopan bflap •* 
yaep. he co beofle peajiiS* 
jvpeonbmibUf jef^pum eaUum* 
peollon yi upon op heopnum* n 



and cast him into hell, 
into the deep parts, 
where he became a devil : 
the fiend with all lus comrades 
fen then firom heaven aborc;, 
^jih lonje ppa J^peo mhc ^ ba- through as long as three nights 

jq-. and days, 

]m enjlap op heopnum on helle* the angels from heaven into hell '; 
"J heo aQe poppce^ bjuhten co and them all /Ae Lord transformed 

beodum* to derilsi, 

p«ip]H>n heo hip bs6b ^ p<5pb. [17} because they his deed and word 
nolbon peqiSum* would not revere $ 

poji^n ye heo on pyppe leoht* therefore them in a worse light. 



nnbeji eop%an neo'San* 

aellnuhtb; 2pb* 

pecte pijeleape* 

on ya, ppeajitan hdle. 

]«p hasbbaS heo on i§p^< 

ealpa peonba jjAyiic^ 

p^-£hneope* 

]Kinne cymV on uhtan*- 

captc|mepmb» 

poppc jTpnum calb* 

p^ble ffji oSVe jip • 

pum heajib jq^nnc* 



under the earth beneath. 
Almighty God 
. had placed triiunpUes^ 
in the swart hell; 
there they have at even, 
immeasurably long, 
eadi of all f Ae fiends, 
a renewal of fire ; 
then oometh ere dawn 
the eastern mnd, 
firost bitter-cold, 
ever fire or dart^ } 
some hard torment 



• The MS. %st tmla. 

^ L •• cold, picrciDg as a dsit. 



C£D]IOM*S PARAPHRASE. 



21 



haHwin foeolboii* 

pojihce man hit him to ploe- 

hyjia fOfjpvib jwq* s^bpyppeb- 

pop mlo-fiiSe^* 

jj'lbe heUe* 

mib ]^am anbpicum* 

heolbon enjlap popiS* 

heopon-pSoep hehlSe* 

H ^P S^'^ bylbo 2€lefton* 

lajcm ^ oSpe fynb on ]^am pjpe 

]^ i§p fpa pealm bvpbon* u 

jepinnef piS beojia palbenb* 

pfte ^oluK- 

bicne bealSo-pehn* 

belle «3o-mibbef • 

bpanb "3 bpi[be Ifpp [18] 

ppilce eic ya, hitepan p^cap* 

>porm J >^r^o« 

pop^n bie ]>^npape» 

jobep pop2yinbon* » 

hie bypa ^O. beppfe* 

enjlep opepby^b* 

nolbon alpealban- 

ptfpb peop]nan« 

bspbon pite nucel- 

paepon fi bepeall< 

pype tobotme* 

on ^ bitan bfll. 

pnnli nvTeiearte* 

'J ]»apb opepmetix> 

pobcon o]yep lanb- 

f poep leobtep leap 

T I«r Mjep plm. 



they must have^ [uisbmen^ 

it was wrought for them in pa- 

their world (life) was changed: 

for their sinful coarse 

AefiUedhen 

with the apostates. 

7^ angels continued to bold 

the heights of heaven's kingdom^ 

those who ere God's pleasure ex- 
ecuted; 

the others lay fiends in the fire, 

who ere had had so mu^ 

strife with thdr Ruler; 

torment thejf suffer, 

burning heat intense, 

in midst of bell, 

fire and broad flames; 

so also the bitter reeks 

smoke and ^TVnffft ; 

for that they the sernce 

of God neglected, 

them their folly deceived 

the angeVs pride^ 

they would not #Atf All-powerfiil*8 

word rerere. -s 

They had great torment ; 

then were they fidl*n 

to the fiery abyss, 

into the hot beD, 

through phrensy 

and through pride ; 

th^ sought another land, 

that was void of light, 

and was full of flamet, 



• The MS. and Janiiis md fojiman pVe^bvt tlicamagniieiitortlie tylisbht 
adopted m the tazt afibrdi a U^, and probably tlie geosi&e 



23 



CiEDMON^S PARAPHilASE. 



lynb onjelcoii* 

j^ hie baejibon j^pjuxleb* 

pica tmjifm* 

yujih heopa miclan mdb* 

"J ]^aph mihc jfAxf* 

'J ]ni]ili ojxpmetco* 

ealjia fpi'Sort* 

^ fppaec fe ofejimdba cyninj* 

'pe ^jk paef enjia pcynojt:* lo 

bjrfctoft on beopieii* 

3 bSf heijipan k^F* 

bpihcDe byp€* 

ot bie to MIe puptxm* 

f him pop 2^jnpe« 

job jylpa peapC 

mihn; on m6be yppe- 

peapp hme on f m6piSep*Innan 

nxSep on f ni6 bebb* 

J pcedp him nfinan pfS^San* » 

cpaeiS ^ pe hehjta* 

hican pceolbe* 

pan p[SSan« 

hfe hme }»8epe ppe^ptan* 

lielle jp^bep 2yman* 

nallep piS job pinnan* 

jitan mi^lobe* 

poj^enbe jppsec*' 

I^ belle pop«. 

bealban pceolbe- 

2^man Jap JP^''^* 
p»p rfp jobep cnjel. 
hjrfc on heopne* 
oiS hme hSp byje popjpedn* 
3 hfp opepm^cto* 
e^lpa rpfSojx* 



a great receptade of fire. X 
T^e fiends perodved ^ 

that they in exdiange bad got 

unnumbered pains^ 

through their great pride^ 

and through God's might, 

and through arrogance 

most of alL 

Then spake the haughty king, 

who of angels erst was brightest, 

fairest in heaven, 

beloved of his master, 

to his Lord dear, 

unto they turned to folly; 

so that with him for his madness 

God himself became 

ihe Mighty, angry in mind, 

cast him into that house of perdi- 

down on that new bed, [tion, 

and after gave him a name : 

said that the highest 

should be call'd 

Satan thenceforward; 

bade him the swart * 

bell's abyss role, 

lot with God war. 

Satan harangued, 

sorrowing spake^ 

he who hell thenceforth 

should rule, 

govern the abyss. 

He was erst God's angel, 

fidr in heaven, 

until him his mind urged, 

and his pride 

most of an. 



CJEDMON^S PARAPHRASE. 



23 



f he ne polte* 

pepeba bjuhcnef • 

ftfpb pajiViao* 

peoU him on inntn* 

hyjjd ymb hff he<$|ican» 

Mt paef him tlcan* 

ppathc pite* 

he ^ popbe qptfiS* 

If ^r KQ^aft^be dnjehc rpriJc^ 

]^am oVjium ]^ pe i£p cuiSon* lo 

he^ on heofon-pioe* [ 19 ] 

]?e me miu heappa onli^* 

)?eah pe hme fop ]^am alpealban* 

tfjan ne mofton* 

p6mi2an tipef pfcef • 

naejrS he ^ah piht ^eh6a* 

f he up haqrS bepylleb* 

jrype to b^Scme* 

h£lle ]^8epe htom* 

heop>n-pl(% bentimen* » 

hilpt'S hit jemeipcob- 

mib mon-cynne« 

to 2cpettanne« 

f xn6 If ppja msft* 

f abam fceal* 

J^e paef op eop%an jepopht- 

minne ftpon^bcan- 

ftdl behealban* 

p^fan hmi on pyune* 

TT^yV P^^ }K>hen* ao 

heapm on l^iffe helle* 

yi \i ahte ic minpa hanba je- 

'j mofte ine tib* [peflb* 

tite peoplSan* 

p^fan Ane pmtep-ftuube* 

)K>nne ic imbj^yf pepobe- 



that he would not 

Me Lord of iKMta* 

word revere;- 

boil*d within him 

his thought about his hearty 

hot was without him 

his dire punishment.' 

Then spake he the words ; 

'This narrow place is most 

that other that we ere knew^ 

high in heaven's kingdom^ 

which my master bestowed Ob me, 

though we it, for the All-powerful, 

may not possess, 

must cede our realm ; 

yet hath he not done rightly 

that he hath struck us down , 

to the fiery abyss 

of the hot heD, 

bereft us of heaven's kingdom, 

hath it decreed 

with mankind 

to people. 

That of sorrows is to me the 

that Adam shall, [greatest, 

who of earth was wrought, 

my strong 

seat possess, 

be to him in delight, 

and we endure this torment, 

misery in this helL ' 

Oh had I power of my hands, . 

and might one season 

be without, 

be one winter's space, 

then with this host I—- 



24 



CiEDMON'S PARAPHRASE. 



ic lu^^ me ^mbe- 

jiibeS pacenam ]4* 

Sc eom Jiicq- le^f • 

liabbaS me fpa liea]ibe- 

Iielle dommar* 

fBspx Depuijjen* 

h£]i If fyji miod* 

ujaD 1 neoSoM. 

ic i De jqeftb* lo 

USpan lanbfcqpe* 

Uj He ajpamaS** 

bic opeji lieDe* 

me habbaS bpmj^ H^TP^^" 

fbS-beapba ]4* 

jtSef amyppeb* 

ajTppeb me mfn jjeSe* 

fit jync jebilnbeiie* 

biDha jjdluipDe* 

jynt ytfpk bH-bopa* «i 

T^S^r popp^pbw* 
fpa ic mib pbee ne msej* 
Of yijjom bdSo-benbom- 
licjaS me j^mbatan* 
beipbef fpenef • 
bfee jeflaejene* 
2pinbhf ^ jpeate* 
mib yy me job ba}JKB* 
jcbapfteb be ]mm bealfe* 
fpa ic jrfc be minne bije cuVe* 
3 f ytpoe eac* » 

■ pepoba bpibten* 



But around me lie 

inm bonds, 

presaetb ihU cord of diun : 

I am powerleu i 

me bave ao bard 

the ehapt of beO, 

so firmly grasped 1 

Here is o vast fire 

above and undemeatb, 

never did I see 

a loafUier landsldp ; 

tbe flame abateth not, 

bot over bdL [nngs. 

Me batb the clasping of tke$c 

thi$ bard-polish'd band, 

impeded in my coarse, 

debarr'd me from my nvay ; 

my feet are bound, 

my hands manaded, 

of these bell-doors are*^ 

the ways obstructed, 

so that with aught I cannot 

from these limb-bonds escirpe : 

about me lie 

of hard iron 

forg'd with heat 

huge gratings, 

with which me God 

hath fastened by the neck ; 

thus perceive I that he bnoweth 

and that knew also [my mind, 

/Ae Lord of hosts. 



* Lye nsdt ary oaiatf, which he scemt to hare copied from Somner. The 
Maaoiciipk sad Juuds bave mjjvamXS : the translation u conjcctniml, froia the 



^ Sinabbf, litcitlly ihmdlit or lif/ice-werl. 



CiEDHON*S PARAPHRASfi. 25 

f fceolbe udc* aMine* that should us through Adam 

jpele 2epu|iiSan* eril hc&n, 

ymb f hcopm-pioe* about the realm of heaven, 

]^8epScahceinlD]iahanba2epealb- where I had power of my hands. 



vn. vn. 

• a • 

a a a [«] (inhdl, 

ac ^LaS f6 nd }^pea on helle- but we now aufier chastisenieiit 
f jynbon yfpcfo "j h»to* which are daricness and heat, 

giimme jpnnbleafe* grim, bottomless ; 

hafaV uf job jylpa* [caf« God hath us himself 

popfpapen on yvf jpeaptan mif • swept into these swart mists i 
j-pa he uf ne mae; mnxgd jynne thus he cannot us accuse of any 

lepakhn- [fjiemebon* sin, [fram'deiil: 

f pe him on ^am lanbe HX ^t^ that we aguust him in the land 
he haej:8uf^ah}»8ef leohtef be- yet hath he deprived us of the 

fcjTiebe* l^t, [torments: 

bep6ppenonealpapitam8erte«is cast us into the greatest of all 
ne majon pe yxf ppilce 26}:pem- we. may not for this execute ven- 

man* geance, P^ty, 

2eleinian him mib WSef pihte* reward him with aught of hosti- 
f he up hapX ymf leohtep be- because he hath bereft us of die 

pcypebe- [mibban-j^&pb* light. -^ 
he hsejrS nu 2^i>^^^P<^ ^^^^^^ ^^ hsLih now devis'd a world 
yteji he haepS mon ^^pojihtne- where he hath wrought man 
Kftep hip onlScnejje* after his own likeness, 

mib ]?am he pile ejrt 'gtf^XBn* with whom he will repeople 
heopona pice mib Uutqium pau- the kingdom of heaven, with pure 

lum« souls; [ov>^» 

fi ]?8ep pculon hyc^an jeopne* n therefore mint we strive seal- 
)^peon£b£mepppe iSppe mae^en* that we on Adam, if we ever may, 
"J on hip eappum ppa pome inban and likewise on his offsprings 

2eb£can* wrongs repmr, 

* ane, w he^, seems to refer to the Deity and binuelf (Sstaa), - 



26 c^dmon's paraphrase. 

onpenban him fteji pdlan )*{nef • corrupt bim there in his will^ 
pp pe hit: nuejen pihce a]?encan- if we may it in any wwf deviae. 
*ne jelype feme nu ymf leohcej* Now I have no confidence further 

pipfio]!* in this bright state^ 

'prnp ^ hun ]wnce8 lanje m6- that which he seems long clr- 

tan* stin*d to enjoy, 

yxy eibef mib hff en^la cpaejrta* that bliss with his angels' power, 
nemajonpe^ronalbpesepmnan* We cannot that erer obtain, 
f pe mihc^er jobep mdb onpi6- tliat we the mighty God's nund 

cen* weaken; 

ucon oSpenban hit nik monna let us avert' K now from the 

beiq^nnm* diildren of men, 

^ heofon-jifce nu pe hit habban that heavenly kingdom, now we 

ne moton* may not have it ; [favour, 

jebdn f hie hif hylbo p>pl86ren» lei us so do that they forfeit his 
^ hie f onpenbon f he mib hSf that they pervert that which he 

p^bebebe£b* with his word commanded ; 

]K>nne peopV he him ppi% on then xnih them will he be wroth 

mdbe* in mind, 

Apet^ hie pjiom hip hylbo* is will cast them from his &vour, 
)H>nne pculon hie ^ap belle pecan • then shall they seek this hell, 
^ ]mp jpiniman 2Ii^bap* and these grim depths; 

]K>ime mocon pe hie tip to pon- then may we them have to our- 

jjium habban* selves as vassals, 

pjia beilpn on ]nppum paeptum the children of men, in this fast 

domme- durance. 

onpnnaK nu Jmb ^ JTJibe ]^n- Begin we now about the warfare 

cean* to consult :-» 

pp Sc aenepim l^epie* [22] If to any follower I 
J^eoben-mabmq*. « princely treasures 

jeipa popjeape- gave of old, 

]wnben p6 on ]mn 2^ban pice- whills we in that good realm 

* Thb tfcms to refer to Adam't ooadition ; and of coiuac bij would also refer- 
to Adam, who WM created fikc ihe angels. 

^ Tbn interpretatioB of ih/er teemt to be conntcnanced by the line 'plan 
nan bpfteV' in the "Rimiag Poem** given in Conybeare*t IUii9tnitioBf» p. nilL 



CiEDM0N*8 PARAPHRASE. 



27 



jejvlije faecon- 

3 hspbon tijie j-edn ^^peilb* 

|K>nne he me na on leoppan tib 

le£niim ne meahoe* 

mine ppt jylban* 

7F ^^r V^^ polbe* 

minpa ^ejna hpilc* 

je^pi popVan* 

)^ he tiji heonon* 

titemihte* lo 

cuman ^uph ^af daftjio* 

3 hcpbe cpmpc mib him* 

f he mib feVep-htfman* 

jrleojan meahtie« 

pmban on polcne* 

)Fapp 2^pophi; ftonbaiS* 

ibam ^ £ae« 

on eo]iC-]iioe« 

niib p^lan bepunben* 

3 pe jynb apoppene hibep* « 

cm ]»ar beopan balo* 

nu hie bpihtne jynt* 

pup«pan nude. 

-J mdcon him "Sone pflan ijiuk* 

]w p6 on heopon*pfoe* 

habban pceolbon* 

pioe nub pihte* 

If i^ paK) jepcypeb. 

monna c^ne* 

f me if on mf num mdbe ppa fiji 

on minnm hy^e hpeopeS* si 

f hie heopm-pice* 

ajan eo albpe* 

PF hic eopep aeni; nuej^^* 

jepenban nub piht«« 

f hie p^b 2obef • 



happy aate 

and in our aeata had tway, ' 

then me he nevrr^ at time more 

could with reoompenoe [pretioosy 

my pit repay; 

if in return for it he wonM 

(any of my followers} 

be my suppoiter ; 

so that up from heno^ he 

forth might 

pass through these barners ; 

and had power with hiniy 

that he with wings 

might fly, 

revolve in dond, 

to where stand wrought 

Adam and Ev^ 

on earth's kingdom^ 

with weal endrded, ' 

and we are hither cast 

into this deep den. — 

Now with the Lord are they 

far higher in esteem^ [possess 

and may for themsdves that weal 

that we in heaven's Idngdom - 

should have, 

our realm by rights 

this counsd is decreed 

for mankind. [painful. 

That to me is in my nund so 

rueth in my thought^ 

that they heaven's kingdom 

for ever shall possess. 

If any of you may 

with aught so turn U^ 

that they God's word 



28 



CiEDMON'S PARAPtiRASB. 



Ifpe p>]i]Kteii* 

fdna Ue him ye WSjian beoV* 

pp hie* bjiecaV hff jebdbfcipe* 
]K>Dne he him abol^en pupiSeS- 

piS&n bfV him pe pfla onpenb- 

eb. 
^ pyjiC him pfte J^^^PP^* 
ffim heapb hapin-fceapu* 
hy^iS hff ealle* 
ha jfi hi beiT^oen* 
jtSSan fc me pefte maej* lo 
pqiran on Jyyjyam pacentum* 
jff him f pfce lop's* 
re]w f 2^1ae]TeS* 
him biC le<n 2^apo» 
sjrtep to albpe* 
jFaep pe h£p mne mi^on* 
on yfjjwni pype popS* 
fpemena jepmnan* 
pttan h£ce f c hine piS me fylpne* 
fpa hpa fpa f pecjan cymeS* oo 
on yaf hbaai helle* 
f hie heofon-cynin^ef • 
mipiqvShoe* 
ptfpbqm "J biSbum* 

lipe 

• # • ^ 



through guile fonakc;, 

soon shall they be the more hate- 
ful to him: 

if they break hia oommandmeot, 

then will he be incensed agunat 
them; 

afkenrarda will the weal be 
tum'd from them, [prepared^ 

and for them punishment will be 

some hard lot of enL 

Think ye all of tins,. 

how ye may decdre them ; 

then can I fast 

rest me in these chains, [them. 

if the kingdom shall pass from 

He who shall that effect^ 

for him shallrecompense be ready, 

for ever after, ' 

of what we herdn may, 

in this fire henceforth, 

gain of advantages : 

him win I let sit by myself, 

whoever that shall come to say, 

into this hot hdl, 

that they heaven's king^s 

unworthily, 

by words and deeds' 



^Anjan hme )m 2ypp>a' [^^3 
jobep inbpica* 

piif on ]^u£tpum« 



Began then himself eqmp 
the apostate from God, 
prompt in arma; 



• Hw MS. has he. 

^ la the lost part of the poem it would Mem tbat oae of Sslui*s sagels had 
tolaatccred to vadeitake iht committioii to tempt Adam aad Eve. 



CiEDMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



29 



hmjbe jsfene hfie- 

licleS helm on heapOb ajecte* 

7 )^ne jrAll he^jibe j^binb* 

fpenn nub jpAnpim* 

pfoe hun jppika pfla* 

pojia pqpba'* 

panb him^ dp ]mnon* 

hpeapf hun^ ]mph ^a hell-bopa* 

hcpbe hy^e jtjumgat^ 

ledlc on l}Tte* lo 

la^nbe m^« 

rP*"S 1^ FTP ^*'* *?*• 
petfnbef qufipbe* 

polbe beijmunj^* 

bjuhtnef jeonjpan • 

mib min^-bifibum* 

minn befpfcan* 

]x>pls£ban "j p>pk£pan* 

« 

f hie jmpbon UC 2^^* 

he ]^a j^fepbe* « 

^uph ]:»onbef cpaept* 

oS&et he ibim* 

on eqpf-jiSoe* 

jobef h£nb-2Cfce<p:* 

je^pone jrtinbe* 

pSfhce 2^p6phc« 

3 hSf yif f6meb* 

ppctf pejpofce* 

fpa hie ]%la ci&^n* 

)?< him to jinjpan fel):* 
mecot man-cynnef • 
meapoobe r^ljai* 



4t\**^^V*'*^ 



be had a crafty soiiL 
On his head the chief AtV hdmet 
and it fiill atrongly bonnd, [&dt, 
braced it with clasps : 
he many speeches knew 
of ginleful words, 
m*heel'd up from thence, 
departed through the doorsof hell; 
(Ae had a strong mind) v 

^on-like Jn air, i^MieMt*- ^"^ 

in hostfle mood, 
dash'd the fire aside 
irith a fiend's power t 
would secretly 
the subjects of the Lord, 
with wicked deeds, 
men decdye;, 
m i s l ead and pervert, • 
that they might become hateful to 
He joumey'd then, [God. 

through his fiend's might, 
until he Adam 
on earth's kingdom, 
the creature of God's hand, 
found ready^. 
wisdy wrought, - 
and his wife also, 
fiurest woman} 

Just as they knew many things 
of good to frame^ 
which to them his disdples 
the Creator of mankind ^ 
had himself pointed out ; 



* X|M)»jia jojiba in marg. MS. 

^ After Tertw tignifyiag dfpartnrt, him Mcmt to be used pleoatstiedlj ; aii, 
Ztfit him, h^sjip him, paab him. 



30 



CJSDM0N*8 PARAPBRASB. 



^ Imii in tpejm* 
heSmaf poSboa* 
y^ pspon 4icaa« 
6peitef jeUaebene* 
jcp^picb mib ptefcme* 
fpm hie pflbenb job- 

heah beofon-fymnj* 
lumbimi '^e^ecct^ 

f y^ 7^^ bd[]in« 
mojce dnoeofui* 

jumena aejhpile* 

iu§f ]-e paSftm jdSc* 

o8qi paqp fpa fynhc* 

plitij '^ fc£ne« 

IflS 3 lofpim* 

)^ paqr Ujpq- bdun* 

mofte on ^cnijje* 

mpoep. lybban* 

p^fui on populbe* « 

jytL bun aepDqi ]iy« 

ylbo ne bqiebe* 

ne ffiht iT^pe* 

ac mofte jymle p6pai« 

luDjji^ on lujnun* 

^ hfr Kf <sui- 

hylbo heop>n->eynui2ef • 

hiji on pojinlbe babban* 

bun too pi^pon jnbobe* so 

2e)nn2)K> on ]H>n6 bein heopon* 

]K>nne beo beonon penbe* [ 24 ] 

]K>nne p«f fe oSqi* 

eanenja fpeapt* 

Mm 3 ^^T^P®* 



and by tbem two 

trees otoodf ^ 

tbat wen witboot 

laden witb finoi^ 

vitb produce oover'd, 

as tbem the powerful God, 

bigb King of beayen^ 

wiib kis bands bad set, 

tbat tbere the cbild of man 

migbt cboose 

of good and erSj- . 

every man 

of weal and woe. 

Tbe fruit was not alike :••• 

77ie one so pleasant was^ 

fiiir and beautiful^ 

soft and delicate ; 

tbat was life's tree : 

he nugbt for ever 

after liv^ 

htiaike world, 

wbo of ibis fruit tasted, 

so thatbim after that 

age might not impair, 

nor grievous sickness; 

but he migbt ever be 

forthwith in joys, 

and bis life bold ; 

the &vour of heaven's king, 

here in the world have, 

to him should be decreed 

honours in tbe high heaven 

when he goetb bence^ 

Then was tbe other 

utterly black, 

dim and dark ; 



CJEDM0N*8 PAIUPHIUISB. 



31 



ft brfji Wcpq- pcU« 
j-ceolbe h& pitsa^ 
ylba c^hpilc* 

jepanob on ^iJT^ populbe* 
j-ceolbe on pfoe £• 
mib fp^te :] nub fopsam* 
pViSan hbban* 
fpa hpa jja jcbypxbe- 
J^acf on ]mni beime J^P^^* 
fceolbe hine ^Ibo benioian* 
eUen-bifiba. 

bpe^map 1 bpibtfapef • 
^ bim be6n heOS pcyjieb* 
l}*de hpfle j-ceolbe he« 
htf lfj»r niotan* ^ 

]*6can ]K>nne lanba* 
jTeapiTOfi: on ffpe* 
fceolbe feonbom J^eopian* 
]^aeji ff ealjia j^iecna msjre- 
leobum to lanjpe hpfle* 
iSaet pifte je UCa jeojine* 
b^ne beojdep bdba* 
^ prS bjuhten pann* 
peapp hinej^a 6n pypmef lie- 
'J panb him ]^a ymbutan* 
]K>ne beaSep hetm* 
^uph beoflep qiaqpt* 
jendm ]wp ]wp ojpSBCqp • 
;] penbe hine eft ^anon* 
ydsfi he pijre hanb-j^peopc* 
heofon-cyninjqr* 
onjon hine ^a pplnan* 
popman pdpbe* 
pe UiSa nub fajenum* 



that was death's tree» 
which mndi of hitter have: 
both must know 



evflandgood: 
waned in this woild, 

he in pun most ever 

with sweat and with sorrowi^ 

afterlife^ 
M whoe'er shoold taste 

of what on tins tree grew ; 

age should from him take 

of hold deeds 
. the joys and of dominion, 

and death he him allotted : 

u little wUle he should 

Ids life enjoy, 

then seek of lands 

with fire tie swaitest; 
« to fiends should minister, 

where of all perils is the greatest 

to people for a long season. 

That the fee wcH knew. 

/Ae deril's daik messenger, - 

who warr'd with God, 
[25] cast him then into a worm's bodjr, 

and then twin'd about 

the tree of death i 

through devil's eraftt 

there took of the fruit, 

and again tnm'd Urn thence 

to where he knew the haody- work 

of heaTcn's king f o ie. - 

Began then ask him 

with At« first word, • 

the enemy with lies : 



32 



N*S PARAPHIIASB* 



£bim tf p t6 2obe* 

ic eom on bff spenbe hibep* 

peopjian jep^peb* 

ii£ j^ nu jTjin ne paqp* 

f ic jniS hine jylpie jaet* 

^ het he me on Yypie jiS p^- 

pan* 
het f ya yijT^f opecef ifae* 
cpKfS j^ ^ ibal -J quep:* 
;i ISin mtfb-fefa* m 

mijok papbe* 
J fin hchoma* 
leohqia nude* 
yin jefoeapa fc^njian* 
Cfde^fyemnxgjq' fceatef %eapf • 
ne pujibe on popnlbe* 
nu yn pillan haejjc* 
h5*lbo j^pojihte* 



90 



ro ^ance j^^nob* 

)^inum heajian • 

haqiji: ^ piS bjuhcen bjpne 2^ 

pophtne* 
Sc jehypbe hine J^ine b^ ^ p6pb- 
lopan on hfp leohi?e* 
'J ymh yin Up jpp^can^ 
fpa ]m laeftan fcealc* 
^ on ]nf lanb hibep* 
hfp boban hpmjaS* 
bpibe fynb on popnibe- 
2pene jeapbap • ao 

^ job piteS* 
on J^ani hehptan* 
heopua pSce* 
tfpan alpalba* 



' CraTeat thoa angfaCy 

Adam, up with God ? 

I on hb errand hither have 

joumey'd from fiur^ 

nor waa it now long suioe 

that with himadf I aatc;, - 

when he me bade to trarel on 

thiajoamey; 
bade that of thia fruit thou eat, 
aaid that thy power and atrength 
and thine understanding 
would become greater^ 
and thy body 
brighter tar, 

thy form more beauteona: [need 
aud that to thee of any treasure 
would not be in the world, 
now thou hast willingly 
wrought the favour 
of heaven's King^ 
gratefuUy serr'd 
thy Master, 
hast made thee dear with /Ay 

Lord. 
I heard him thy deed and words 
praise in his brightness, 
and speak about thy life : 
So must thou execute 
what hither, into this land, 
his angels bring. 
In the world are broad 
green places, 
and 6ud ndeth 
mthehighest 
reafan of heaven— 
the All-powerful above 



CiEDMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



S3 



M 



nele ^ eapfeSa* 

jyljai liabbui* 

1^ he on Yypkt jtS fip^* 

pimena bpilicen* 

<c he hif pnjpan fene* 

to ybxjie fpjiifioe* 

nu he ^ nub jpellam hec* 

liftaf Upan* 

bqre fa j^opne* 

hff ambyhto* 

nun ye ]^if opet on hanb* 

hit hit 3 hjpj^* 

^ peopiS on ^tnum bjieojftum 

pfim* 
fasjtm Yf phtejpa* 
"pe penbe palbenb jjob* 
pin heappa ^ap heipe* [ 26 ] 
op heopon-pSoe* 

abam maSelobe* 
yssfi he on eopCan fttfb* 
pdp-pceapte puna* id 

yojme Sc pije-bpjhttn* 
mihtipiejob* ' 

Itpanjpe pxnune* 

3 me hep ftonban het* 

hip bebobu healban* 

^ me ^ap hpf b popjeap- 

phte paene pip- 

J me papman het« 

f fc on ]K>ne beiCef befm* » 

bebpopen ne pupbe* 

bcfpicen to fpiVe* 

he cfmX f ^ fpeaptan helle* 

healban peeolbe* 

peSe bi hfp heoptan poht* 



win not the trouble 

have himieM^ 

that on this joomey he shonld 

ihe Lord of men; [oome, 

but he hb Tassal aendeth 

to thy apeech : 

now biddeth he thee, by messagesy 

■dience to learn :^ 

perform thou lealoualy 

his 



Take thee this fruit in hand; 

bite it, and taste ; 

in thy breast thou sbalt be ex- 
panded, 

thy form the fidrer ; 

to theehathsent ihe powerfnlGod, 

thy Lord, this help 

from heayen's kingdom/ 
Adamspake^ 

where on earth he stood, 

a self-created man : 

' When I the Lord of triumph, 

the mighty God, 

heard speak 

with strong Toioe ; 

and he me here standing bade 

hold his commandments, * 

and me gave this bride,' 

this wife of beauteous mien ; 

and me bade beware 

tbat in the tree of death 

I were not deoeiTed, 

too much seduced : 

he said that the swart hdl 

should inhabit 

he who in hb heart aught 



^* 



CiED|10N*S 

^^Y^^ft^ be me fdj: bebeib. 

y^ fe bine nehft ^qr^Bh* 

be bet me blf p6pb feqi^Sum* 

1 pd bealban. 

bejtan bff Ifye* 

^u jelic ne blft* 

enepim bff enjbi* 

}e ic i&p 2^feab* 

ne ]m me oCiepeft* 

aemj dUsen* lo 

]?e be me ]mpb tjieope* 

to-OD)«nbe* 

mln beappa Jnqib bylbo* 

)^ ic ]w byjian ne cann* 

ac ]m meabt ye fbpCjidpan- 

ic baebbe me jaqtnie jde^pn* 

tip to ]Kim slmibtejan jobe* 

ye me mib bff eajimum popbte 

b^p mib banbmn ffnum* 

be mae; me oj: bff bean pSoe* a 

jeopan mib "^^Sbti jebpilcnm* 

^eab be bff pnjjian ne fenbe:* 



PARAPHRA8B. 

sboold adimt of sin : [witb lies, 

I Vnoiv^not (for tbou mayeat come 

tbrongb daik design) 
'tbat tboa ait the Lord's 

messenger from beaven* 

Nay, I cannot of tby orders, 

of thy words nor oourses, 

aiigbt understand, • 

of thy journey, nor of thy sayings. 

I Imow wbat be bimself command- 

onr Preserver, — [ed me, 

. wben bim last I saw : 
-be bade me bis words retrere 

and wen obserre, 

execute bis instructions. 

Tbou art not like 

to any of bis angels 

tbat I before bave seen, 

nor sbowest tbou me 

any token 

wbicb be to me in pledge 

batb sent, - 

my Lord, tbrougb &TOur ; 

tberefore I tbee cannot obey : 

but tbou mayest take tbee bence ; 

I bave firm trust 

on tbe almigbty God above, 

wbo wrougbt me witb bis arms, 

bere witb bis bands : 
> be can me, from bis bigb realm,.' 

gift witb eacb good, 

tbougb be send not bis vassal.' 



X. . 

Penbe bine pp<Cm<b< 
Jwji be f pff 2^^* 



X. 

Sie turned bim wrotb of mood 
to wbere be saw tbe woman. 



CiEDM0M*8 PARAPHRA8B. 



35 



on eojitJ-plce- 
euan fconban* 
j-ceone jepjei^ne. 
qw)S f fceaSena nueft* 
eallum heopa eafopum* 
mfttjL jtSISaii* 
pupbe on pqiulbe* 
fc fit inc palbenb jjoh* 
aboljen pyp** [ *7 ] 

fpa ic him yifnt lM$b]npe« m 

^nne Ic op ]f)t r^*e cume* 

opep lanpie fig* 

j^ pt ne iKpcan pel- 

hpilc aepenbe ppa be 

eapcen hibep* 

on l^ypie piB pcnbefB* 

nd pccal he fylp piipan* - 

to mqie anbppape* 

n€ ma§j Mp aepenbe- « 

Up boba beobaiH 

]^y fc fit f be inc aboljen pyp%< 

mihci; on mdbe* 

pp ^u ^eah minnm pile* 

ptp piUenbe* 

pdpbum h^pan* 

]^u neaht hfp JKinne pAme* 

piSb 2e]wncan» 

jehyje on ]Flnttm bpeoftum* 

f ^u fnc him tpam meahc* ao 

pice bepapijan* 

jja fc ]^ pipie* 

act j^iJT«r opefcep. [leobf 



on caith*s reahhy 

Eveatandingy • 

beautifully formed s 

said that ike greatest ills 

to all tbeir oflbpring 

firom thenceforth - 

in the world would be.^ 

« I know the supreme God withyou 

wiU be incensed, 

as I to him thb message 

myself relate ; 

when I from this journey come 

over a long way ; 

that ye will not well execute 

whatsoerer errand he 

from the east hither 

at this time sendeth. 

Now must he come himself . 

for your answer, 

bis errand may not 

his messenger command; 

therefore know I that he with you 

win be angry, 
the Mighty, in Aif mind* 
If thou nathless wilt, 
a willing woman, 
fi^ words obey, 

then for thb mayest thou amply - 
counsel devise : 
consider in thy breast, 
that from you both thou mayest 
ward off punishment^ 
as I shall show thee. 



Eat of this fruitj [clear, 

]K>nne pup&V ^In ea^an ppa then wiU thine eyes become so 

• Gnmmmtiedly ihoiild be fint cspun f/s kohvc. . 

d2 



36 



(I£DMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



f ]ni meaht fpa pfbe* 
opep pojinlb eaOe* . 

J felpef fWSI- 

beppan ^Inef ^ babban* 

bff bylbo p>piS« 

meabt fn abame- 

e)n>2^ftfpati« 

pf ]m bSf piUan baej^* 

^ he J^inum pdpbam 2^tpypS< 

pf ]ni bun to fdSe peg^* 

bpylce ya felpL baej^* 

bijne on bpeoftiun* 

V'^T y^ zeb<$b jobef • 

lipe lasjwj"* 

be ^ne U)San ftpiS* 

^1 anbpypbe* 

&ijx>plaeteiS« 

on bpeojr-copan« 

fpa yit bim bficd* 

in jT^b jppecaS- 

jpan yu bine jcopne* 

^ be J^fne l£pe he]t». 

]^ Isq- 2y^ ^^ Zobe* 

mqium palbenbe- 

peoplSan ]'^j:en* 

pp ]m )( anjm jipemeft* 

ibepa j'eo betjte* 

jropbele ic Incpnm beppan* 

f me beapmef fpa pda* 

abam j^jppcc* 

eap2pa pdpba* 

tybIS me untp^opSa- 

qyy^ f ic peo ceonom jfiojin^ 

2pamun ambybr-pecj* 

nalep sobep ensdi* 



tbat thou mayest so widely 

orer all ike wcM 

Bee afterwarda^ 

and the tbrone of bimself 

tby Lord, and have 

bis grace benceforwafd* 

Tbou migbtest Adam 

afterwards rale, 

if tbpn bis affection have^ 
10 and be tmst in tby words; 

if tbou Bootbly say to bim 

wbat monitiona tbou tbyaelf 

bast in thy breast^ 

wberefore tboa God's mandate 

by persuasion bast performed, — 

be tbe bateM strife;, 

the evU. answer, 

will abandon . 

in his breast's recess; 
90 so we botb to bim 

one purpose speak : 

uif e tbou bim zealously, 

tbatbe may follow tby instruction ; 

lest ye bateM to God 

your Lord 

sbould become. 

If thou perfect tiiis attempt, 

best of women, 

/will conceal finom your Lord 
so tbat to me so mucb calumny 

Adam spake;, 

evil words, 

accusetb me of untrutbs, [cbiefs, 

sayetb tbat I am anzions for misr 

a servant to the malignant, 

not God's angel : 



CJU)MON*S PARAPHRASE. 



37 



ie fc cann eaDe fpa jeajie. 

beah-hcofona j^hlibu* 

papf feo hpfl ^f Ian;* 

)^ ic s^ojinlioe* [88] 

jobe^epiobe- 

'pujAk holbne b^e* 

bepjuin mfnum* 

bpibtne felpim* 

n^ eom ic beojde jelSc*' 



w 



XL 

Laebbe bie fpa mib bjenum* 

^ mib bjrum fpedn* 

ibefe on f unpibt* 

oi f bipe on innan on2an* 

peallan pyjimef 2e^eaht« 

bftjrbe bijie paqian bije* 

metob jemeajicob* 

f beo hxjit mtfb* 

onjan l»tan aejrteji ]?am Upum* 

]:op]H>n beo aet ^ni UXan on- 

opep bpibtnef ptfpb* Q^n;* 

be^Cep be£mer« » 

p6opcpinin6 pcj tui* 

ne peap^S p;^pe biSb* 

monnum 2emeapcob* 

f If micel punbop* 

f bit ice job* 

eppe polbe* 

)?eoben ^ban« 

)^ pupbe J^epi ppa monij* ao 
foplaebb be ^am ly2enum* 
)^ pop ]^am Upum com* f ^^ ] 
beo ^ J^aep opaetep act. 
alpalban bpaec*' 



but I BO readUy know all 

the angda' original 

the roofs of the bigb beavena, 

ao long waa tbe wbile 

tbat I diligently 

aerred Ood^ 

througb fiaitbfiil mind, 

my Master, 

tbe Lord bimsetf^ 

I am not like a deviL' 

XI. 

He led ber tbua witb Ilea, 

and witb wilea instigated 

the woman to tbat evil, 

imtal began witbin ber 

the serpent's counsel boil : 

(to ber a weaker mind bad 

the Creator aasigned), 

so tbat sbe ber mood . [menta ; 

began relax, after tbose allure-' 

therefore sbe of tbe enemy re- 

against Me Lojrd*a word, [cdved,' 

of deatb*a tree 

the noxious fruit. /^ 

No worse deed waa 
marked out for men : 
Great wonder ia it 
tbat it God eternal 
ever would, 
tbe Lord,^suiFer, 
that so many a servant were 
misled by the Ilea 
that cam6 by reason of tbose wiles. ' 

She then of the fruit atc|, 
brake the Almigbty*a 



38 



CADMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



ytL meahte lieo pibe jiejtAi* 

Jniph ytef U&n Un* 

'pe hie mib Ljenum befpic* 

beajineii2a bebp^- 

)w hipe jxqi hSf bi6bum cdm* 

)^ hqie ^uhte hpScpe- 

beofon ^ eojv6e« 

-J eaU ]?eof populb pbtijgie* 

J jispeojic jobef • m 

micel -J mihtQ* [^aht« 

)»eah beo bit ]mpb monnef 2^ 

116 jxemKib6* 

<c fe foeaSa* 

jeojme fpicobe ymb ^ ptple* 

]^ bipe i£ji ^ pene onUb* 

^ beo fpa pIbe* 

pbtan meabte* 

ojiep beopon-pice* 

]w fe fopbatsena fppsBC* w 

^pb peonbfcipe- 

naHep be bie ppeme Upbe* 

]ni meabt nu ]w fdp jepe^* 

j-pa ic bit ye fecjan ne ^eqip • 

ine peo 2^^* 

f^if iui2ellc« 

pbte 'J paeptibaf • [pobept* 

piSISan ]m minmn pdpbum 2etpa* 

beptep mine Upe* 

nu fcineS pe leobt pope* ao 

2lKbbc on2ean* 

f ic ppom 2obe bpobte* 

bpir op beoponum* 

no pu bSp bpfnan meabt* 

pv2^ abame* 

bpilce j^u 2q'diSe baepix* 



word and will : 

tben migbt tbe widely ae^ 

fbrougb the gih of tbe enemy, 

(wbo ber witb lies b^oiledy 

darkly deodTedy 

wbicbcametober tbro'bismeans); 

tbat to ber seemed fidrer- 

beaven and eartb, 

and all this world more beauteona, 

and the works of God 

great and migbty ; 

tbougbsbe it ibrougb man'sdevice 

did not bdiold, 

but tbe wretcb * 

sedulously beguiled Aerin ber soul, 

wbo ere to ber tbe vision ndscd, 

tbat sbe so widely 

migbt bebold 

over beaven's kingdom. 

Tlien spake tbe bated one^ 
tbrougb malice ; [tagc) — 

(be taugbt ber not for her advan- 
' Tbou mayest now tbyself see, 
as I need not say it to tbe^ 
O Eve the good, 
tbat to tbee is unlike 
beauty and form, [words, 

since tbou bast trusted to my 
obeyed my counsel ; 
now the light sfainetb before tbee, 
gladly towards thee, 
which I brought from God, 
bright from bearen ; 
now tbou mayest touch it. 
Say to Adam 
what visions thou bast^ .... 



CiBDMON*S PABAPHRASB* 39 

)^ujib minne dme quepm* vAaf powcra^tlinnighmyooiiiiiig: 

7F pec yuph cufcne pobo* if yet, thxaugh modest condoct^ . 

hefc mlna Uiia. he ob^ my comitdii^ 

]Kmne ppe Sc him ymy kohcef then will I give him of that fight 

jenoj* enoi^^ .* 

l^aef 10 ye fpa J/Sbep with which, so good, I thee 

jejipeb hxbbe* adorned have. [ v ectiTea, 

ne pice ic hmi )^a pom-cpibaf • I will not reproach him those in- 
)^ah he hff p^iSe ne pe* though he be not worthy 

CO alaecanne ftef jxla he me U- to recrive pardon for the much he 

^ffpjiaBc* spake to me of evil: 

jT^ hipe* eajx>pan fculon mpDtjk Thus his posterity shall after 

lybban* m five; 

|H>nne hie US jebtfS^ when they do evil 

hie fculon lujx pypcean* [q^ybe* they shaU work love;, 
becan heopa heappan heapm- repair thdr Lord's malediction, 
onb habban hlf hylbo pop's* and have his grace thenceforth.' 

XIL XII. 

pSL pen CO abame* Then towards Adam 

ibepa pcenopc* <Ae fiurest of females, 

ptpa phce2opc^* most beauteous of women 

'pe on populb cdme* who have come into the world — 

pop]K>n heo paep hanb-jepeopc* because she was the handywoik 

heopon-cymnjep • { SO ] of heaven's King, 

)^ah heo yi beapnensa* si though she then secretly 

popb6n pupbe* was undone, 

foplsSb mib lijenum* misled with fies^ 

f hie US jobe. that they hateful to God 

]?uph ymf ppaSan jfiYnnc* through the fiend's device 

peopSan fceolbon* might become^ 

j^uph jFaep beoflep peapo* through the devil's wile . 

* hijtescemstobeanenroroftheicribeforhir; I have therefore not tcraplcd 
to mder It by Alt. 

^ The foUowing serentcen linet seem to be in puentbetii, iinlesi there b aa 
hiatat in the tei^ <tfwhidi however diere b no vestige in the MS. 



40 



CfiDMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



btfm poplstan* 

hiejijian liylbo- 

hefon-jifcef ^Iiaii- 

monsgie hpfle* 

biS y^m men piII p£« 

'pe bine ne pajuiaS* 

^nne be bif jepealb bapkS* 

fom beo bipe on banbom b^]i 

j-um bijie see beojican Ii^* 

aeppel tfnfelj^* 

]yone bgie i£)i popbefii* 

bpibtna bpibt^en* 

beaS-beimef opet* 

1 If p4n^ icpvB* 

folbpef alboji* 

^ ]^8et micle mopif* 

menn ne ]K>p];£on* 

yepiaf ^ban* 

ac be ]yeoba jdipam- 

bep>n-pice fopgof* 

balij bpibten. 

pfb-bjiibne pelan* 

"fff bie ]K)ne psepnn*. 

anlaetan polben* 

^ )^ US qieop* 

on b!f b<%um biSji* 

bitjie jcfylleb* 

^ paef bei[%f be<m* 

ye bun bjiibten pypbeib* 

fopl£c bie ]m nub bjennm* 

je yatj ^^ jjoht* 

on b^ce beopon-c^mujej** 

3 b;^e enan* 

-jfifsj fie jf^6t^* 



lose /Adr power^ 

the &Toar of their Lord, 

and forfeit beaven's lungdom. 

Many timet 
is it full woe to man 
that be take not warning, 
wben be batb it in bis power.-— 
Some in ber banda sbe bare, 
■ome in ber bosom Vkj\ 

M of the imblest fruit, 
wbieb to ber erst forbade 
the Lord of birds, 
the fruit of the tree of death : 
and the word spake 
the Chief of glorj^ 
that the great perdition 
men might not, 
his servants, suffer ; 
but he to every people 

» heaven's kingdom gave^ 
the holy Lord, 
wide-spread bliss, 
if tiiey the produce 
would forbear 
which that fell tree 
bare on its boughs, 
witii bitter filled ; 
that was death's tree, 
which the Lord forbade them. 

IS Enticed ber then with lies 
be who was foe to God — 
through hate of heaven's King, 
and to the mind of Eve, 



woman's weak tiiought — 
^ heo on2an hff pd|ibum tpupian- that she bq;an to trust bis words, 

* Liferally* t/ ker Aesrl. * 



C^DMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



41 



hejtan hff Ujie* 

)^ lie ^ bypene j^om s<'^* 

bpuDjen baejpbe* 

]^ he hipe jja pseplice* 

p6pbum pe^be* 

i^pbe hipe t^cen* 

J qieopa 2«hee* 

hff holbne hyjjt* 

]?a heo to hipe heappan rppsec 



11 



abam fpea mfn* 

]?if ofct if fpa fpece- 

hbX on bpeofcum* 

7 yey boba faene* 

jobcf enjel j<b. 

ic on Uf jeappan j^feo- 

f be ff aepenb»fec2« 

nnqief heappan* 

hepon-cyninjef* 

hff hylbo ff nnc* ao 

becepe to j^pmiianne* 

]K>nne hif piCepmebo* 

jkf ]m him heo bae;** 

puht heapmef j^fppifioe* 

he f oppjrS hit )^eah« • 

pp pit him jeon^opbdm* 

heftan pillaV* [32] 

hpaet fcal ^e fpa liSlic ftpiS* 

pi% yinef heappan boban* 

imc If hff hylbo ]ieapp* aa 

he mae; nnc aepenbian* • 

to ]?am alpalban- 

heofon-c^^ninje* 

ic mae; heonon j/tfedn* 

hpaep he pylp pteS*. 



/ 



fulfil hia inatrnctioiiSy 
and the belief adopted 
that from God those mandates he 
badbrouglity 

which he to her so warily 
said in words ; 
showed her a tolcen^ 
and Ais faith promised, 
his loyal affection. 
X Then to her spouse she spake : 
'Adam, my lord, 
this fruit is so swee^ 
mild in the breast^ 
and this bright messenger 
God's angel good ; 
I by his habit see ' 
that he is the enroy 
of our Lord, 
heaven's King. 
His CftTOur it is for us 
better to gain 
than his aversion. 
If thou to him thb day 
spake aught of harm, 
yet will he it forgive, 
if we to him obedience 
will show. £ful strife 

What shall profit thee sudi hale- 
with thy Lord's messenga} . 
to ns is his &vour needfulj 
he may bear our errands 
to the all-powerfuf' 
heavenly King. • 
I can see from hence 
where he himself sittcth. 



* heo b«s. 1 am not aware that thb phrase occm dscwheic. 



42 



CiEOHON*S PARAPHRASE. 



^ ff piS*eftft« 
pdaa beptfnben* 
je ISaf pojuilb jefcedp* 
jefeo ic him Iiif en^l^f • 
j'mbe hpeoppm- 
mib feSqi-liamui • - 
ealjia pAc^ maeft* 
pepeba pynpunajt* 
oyi iii68iit6 me* 
jpek jepfe ppm. 
pf hifc jesnunpu . 
job oe ODfenbe* 
heoiponef palbenb* 
jehypan mag ic ptime* 

on populb ealle* 

o|:ep 'pay f iban jejxeap:* 

Sc mae; IT^^r S^unen- 

jehyjian on beopniim* 

peapiS me on hige leohte* 

utan ^ mnan* 

jTS)wn fc ]F»f opetef onbit« 

nu baebbe ic Up* 

lieji on hanba* 

heppa pe j^ba* 

ppe ic hit ^ 2^^I^^* 

ic jelype )^ hit* 

ppom jobe ooinc* 

bpoht ]^om hip by]*ene* 

yxf me ^p bobiet paejbe* 

pl^nm pdpbom* 

hit mp pohte jdSc- 

ellep on eoplSan* 

buton ppa ^ <p paejeC* 

t hit jesnmis^* 

ppom 2Pbe .come i* 



that 18 aooth-eaeCy '. ^-'^ 

with bliss encircled,^ 

Aim who formed this world, '-^-^ 
I see Ids angds • 
encompasahiiii 
with feathery wings, 

of all folks greatest, 

of bands most joyous. 

Who could to me 
10 such perception gtye, 

if now it __^ 

God did not send, 

heaven's Ruler ? 

I can hear from fiir, 

and so widely see, 

through the whole world, 

over the broad creation : 

I can the joy of the firmament 

hear in heaven ; 
SB it became light to me in mind, 

irom without and within, 

after the fruit I tasted : 

I now have of it 

here in my hand, 

my good lord, 

I i^ill fisdn give it thee ; 

I believe that it 

came firom Gh)d, 

brought by his command, 
as firom what this messenger told me 

with cautious words. 

It is not like to aught 

else on earth; 

but, so this messenger saycth, 

that it directly . 

came firom God.' 



.C£DM0N'8 PARAPHRASE. 



43 



XUL. 

)>io rppsc him |ncce co< 
3 fpeoD lime ealne bm^* 
on ^a bimman faiSb* 
f bie bpihtnef heopa* 
pilbm bjiaeoon* 
fcdb fe fpi'Sa boba- 
lejbe bim lujrar on. 
^ mib hftum jpeon* 
pyljbe him fpecne* 
p«f fe ]»onb pill neah* 
)« on ]ya fpecnan JTpb- 
jepipcn hflpf be* 
oj»p lanpie pej* 
leobe hogobe* 
on f mide moptS* 
men ):oppeoppan« 
jropb^pan 3 poplfllban* 

f hie h£n jo^f* 
selmihtijer pjre • 
inp>pleten« 
heopon-plcef ^^pealb- 
hpst fe hell-fceaiSa* 
jeappe piptt* 

f hie jobcp ypP** 
habban j-ceolbon^ 
^ hell-jej^pm* 
)K>ne neappan niS* 
niebe onpdn- 
pSSan hie jebtfb ^o^r* 
fopbpocen haepbon* 
yh. he popIiSpbe* 
mib lijen-popbum- 
to l^am titquebe^ 
ibepepaene* 
pip phcesorc. . 



xnL 

She spake to him oft, 
and all day urged Um 
to thatdaik deed, 
that they thdr Lord's 

wiiibnas; k-***- 

The fell envoy stood ly^ 

excited hU desires, 

and with wiles urged 

dangerously followed him ; 
10 the foe was full near 

wlio on that dire journey 

had fared 

orer a long way; * 

nations he studied, 

into that gr^ perdition 

men to cast, . 

to corrupt and to mislead, 

that they God's loan, 

the Almighty's gift, 
» might forfeit; ' 
[ Sd ] the power of heaven's kingdom : 

for the hell-miscreant 

well knew ' 

that they God's ire 

must have, '^ 

and hell-torment, 

the torturing punishment 

needs receive, 

since they God's command 
30 had broken, 

what time he (the fiend) seduced 

with lying words 

*to that evil counsel r 

the beauteous woman, : ^. 

of females fairest, '^ 




44 



CiBDMON^S PARAPHRA8B. 



diat the after Itts will ipakej 

was as a lidp to him 

to leduoe God's handproik. 

Tlicn she to Adam spake^ 

fidrest of womoiy 

fiillofty 

till in the man began 

his mind to turn ; 

JO that he trusted to the promise 

which to him the woman 



f heo on hif jnllan pppcc* 
paef hijie* on helpe* 
hanb-peopcsobeftofopll^panne^ 
|>eo fppaec %i ido abame* 
ibefa fceonofC* 
piiyichce* 
oiS ]^am J^ejne onjan* 
hif hi^e hpeoppan* 
f he ^am jeha&e jetpnpobe- 
'pe lum f p^* 10 

pdpbom pejbe* VVS^* *^^ ^ words ;_ [mind, 

heo bybe hit ]yeah Jmph holbne yet did she it through fidthfol 
nyjte f ]wp heapma ]*pa pela* knew not thathence so many ills, 

nnfolwoesy 



jTjien^apfefSa* 

}7l2ean fceolbe* 

monnacynne* 

ytej heo on mdb ^^n^*' 

^ heo yasf liXaxk boban* 

lapnm hypbe* 

ac p^nbe f heo hj^lbo* 

heo}x>n-cymn2er* 

|K>phte mib ]Fam p6pbum< 

]ie heo ]mm pepe* 

fpelce t£cen olSiepbe- 

J tpeope jehet* - 

oS f ibame* 

mnan bpeoftmm* 

hip hyje hp^pbe* 

^ hfp heopte on^ann*, 

penban to hipe pillan* 

he aet ]mm pipe onpenj* 

belle ;] hinnjiS* 

yetih hit n»pe haten ppa* 

ac hit opetep noman- 



must follow 

to mankind, 

because she took in mind 

that she the hostile envoy's 

suggestions would obey ; 

but weened that she the favour 

of heaven's King 

wrought with the words 

which she to the man . 

revealed, as it were a token, 

and vowed them true, 

till that to Adam, 

within his breast 

his mind was changed, 

and his heart began 

turn to her wHL 

He from the woman took 

hell and death, 

though it was not so called, 

but it the name of fruit 

must have : 



<2>nrceolbe- 

•'For hijM I inspect we dioald rttd hua. 



CJEDMON^S PARAPHRASE. 



45 



10 



hit jmf >eah beaVcf FFP* 
:) beofler jqpoo. 

bell 3 liincpfS* 

J bsleSa popldp* 

mennifqia mopIS* 

)^ bie to m^ce bifibon- 

opt AnfKle- 

jya hit him on mnan c6m* 

hfitn Kt heoptao* 

)>loh ^ :) plcjobe* 

boba bitpe j^bujob- 

pejbe bejpa ^uic* 

beappan finiim* 

Nu bsbbe ic ]»iiie b5*lbo me* 

pitobe jjeyophte* 

3 ^inne pdlao j^laeft* 

to pil monesam bmgB* 

m£n f^t popbebbe* 

abam ^ ^ue* 

bim if vinhylbo* « 

palbenbep pitob* [ 34 ] 

nti hie ptfpb-cpybe hip* 

Upe p>pleton* [ 35 ] 

pop^on hie lenj ne majon- 
healban heopon-pioe* 
ie hie to belle pculon* 
on 'pone ppeaptan jiS* 
ppa ]ni bfp popje ne yeapp:* 
bepan on ]Flnum bpeoftom- 
]y8ep yvL jebunben bjT^* > 

mupnan on mA>e« 
^ hep men bAn* 
|K>ne beau beopon* 
]?eah pit heapmap nil- 
ypea-peopc ^liatS* 



yet was It death's dream, 

and ike devil's artificer • 

bell and death, 

and men's perdition, 

the destruction of bnman kind, 

that they made for food 

unholy fhutl' 

Thus it came within hini, 

touched at his heart. 

Laughed then and played 

ihe bitter-purposed messengn/^ 

said ihe thahks of both ^ 

to bis master: 

^ Now have I thy favour (to myself 

decreed) wrought 

and thy will performed : 

tat full many a day 

are men seduced, 

Adam and Ere; 

to them is ihe aversion 

of ihe Powerful decreed, 

now they his injunctionsi, 

through my instigation, have, 
n^lected; 

therefore they no longer may 

heaven's kingdom botdj, 

but to heU they must^ 

on the dark journey. . [not 

Thus thou, for this, sorrowneedest 

bear in fhy breast, 

where thou liest bound ; 

nor mourn in mind 

that here men inhatnt 

the high heaven, 

thoogh we evils now, 
punishment endure, 



46 



CiEDMON*S PARAPHRASE 



-jyfftpehakh. 
'J yvjih yin micle m6b' 
mooij popl^ton* 
on lieop>n-plce« 
heah jctuubpo* 
2^1iGe 2«Apbaf • 
line feapS 30b yppe* 
pip^on pit; him nolbon* 
on lieopm-pSce- 
hn^jan mib lieajrbam* 
lialjoitt bpilitne* 
ynph jeonjopbtfoi- 

ie nnc 2^^^^* ^^ P^* 
f pit him on yegaycxpe* 

^eopian polben* 

pop]H>n unc palbenb peapiS* 

ppaS on mdbe* 

on hy2^ heajibe* 

^ iif on helle bebpdp* 

on 1^ pyji rflbe. 

poica maejte* 

3 nub hanbum hfp- 

epcon heopon pke* 

pihte poboji-ftdlaf • 

3 f pice fojijeap. 

monna cynne* 

maej yin m6b pefan* 

bhSe on bjieoftum- 

fop^on hep jjnt butu 2«b<Sn< 

2e f hsleSa beapn* 

heopon-pfcef pculon* 

leobe fop1i£tan« 

';j on ^ 1^ CO ^* 



10 



and a dark land ; 

and^ through thy great spirit^ 

liaye lost many, 

in heaven's kingdom^ 

k>fty 8ti'iictiire% 

goodly courts. 

With us was God angry, 

because to lum wt would not, 

in heaven's Idngdom, 

bow with otcr heads 

to the holy Lord — 



m 

but for us it was not fitdng 

that we him in vassalage 

should serve, 

therefore with us /Ae Powerful was 

wroth in mood, 

hard in mind, 

and drove us into hell; 

into the fire felled tu, 

ol people greatest ; 

and with his hands 

again, in heaven's kingdom, 

raised the celestial seats, 

and that realm gave . ' 

to mankind,- 

Thy mind may be 

blithe in thy breast^ 

for that here both are done,-^ 

both that the children of men 

must of heaven's realm 

the country lose, 

and in the flame to thee 



• I am uncf rtdn as to the meaning of se^enze ; the tranftlation mutt there- 
fore be considered only as what appeared to me most plausible and best adi^pted 
totheo(MltexL 



CJEDMON*8 PARAPHRASB. 47 

hate hpeopftii* through hate revert. 

eac q- heajim jjobe* Abo it ham to God, 

mtfb-fopj jemaoob* sorrow of nund made s 

fpa hpiec fpa fit hep moptSpef whatever we here of miaerf watkr, 

hie if nu abame* ^haV* it is now on Adam 

eall p>]i2olben« all aTenged, . 

mib heappan hete* inth his Master's hatc^ 

3 mib haeleVa popltfpe* and with men's perdition, 

monnmn mib moplSef qwalme* (on men with the pain of death,) 

p>p^on ff min mdb j^hi^leb* is therefore my mind is healed; 

hyje ^b heoptan j^pAme* the thoughts around mrjf heart ex* 

[cene- panded, 
ealle fj-nc nncpe heapmaf j^pp^ ^ <>iv c^> ^>*^ ayenged, [fared. 
UiSef f pit lanje ]K>lebon* of the hatred that we longhave suf- 

nii piUe fe ejr ]yam hje neap* Nowwill I again go nearer the 
pitan* ic ]F8ep j^can pille* Satan I there will sed^ [flamc^ 

he If on ]wpe fpeaptan heUe* he is in the swart heD, 
hvjr mib hpmja jej-ponne* hound with the clasping of rings.' 
hpeapf him ejzt niCep* Turned him again downward . 

boba bicpefta* C^G] /Ae bitterest of messengers: 

fceolbehej^ahpibanlljafr^can* then must he the broad flames 
helle jehkSo* ti the nob of hell, • [seek, 

l^aep hlf heappa laej* [ 37 ] where his master lay, 
ffanon ^^I^leb* with fetters bound, 

fopjebon^ bitpi* Sorrowed both 

<bam 3 £tte* Adam and Eve,^ -■ 

J him opt betuh* and oft between them 

jnopn-popb senjbon* words of sadness passed ; 

jobep him onbji^bon* of Ood they dreaded, 

heopa heppan hete- of thdr Lord, the hate;, 

heopon-cymnjer niB- the enmity of heaven's King : 

• it is siDgiilar tliat the fiend is made to say, " Satan I there wiO se^** wbile 
fhna wbat precedes one n led to soppoee that it was Satan be bad been ad- 



^ Here the transition is sadden ; but I see no reason for snppodiig, irith Jvniasb 
any lustns in the MS.; which seems qaite perfect in thb place. My translatioo 
of jimoB» in line 23, is oonJectniaL 



48 



CiEDUON*8 PARAPHRASB. 



jielpe popftdbcm* 

hq- f6pb onpenbeb* 

^ pfp j;oojm€be* 

h6p hpeapij-mob* 

L9|j>e hylbo ^obef* 

Upe poplaeten* 

ytL heo ^ leoht jefeah* 

dloji fcpiBan* 

"l^ hijie ]m]ili tuitjieopa* i 

pe lum ]K>ne teonan jejueb* 

1^ bie helle aiS* 

habban fceolbon- 

hyniSa An]iim« 

pofiyam bun hi^e fopji- 

Iniliiioii on bpeojmm* 

bpflam to 2cbebe peollon* 

j^-bq^an jtnneb* 

3 PS^ bjubten* 4 

2<SbDe 2P«t:^n* 

'J job n^mbon* 

]ieop>nef palbenb- 

J binebaebon* 

f bie bSf beajim-fceape^* 

Labban moften* . 

jeopne piljanjan* 

yai bie jobef baqzbon* 

bdbfcipe abjiocen- - 

b£pe hie jejapon* 2 

lieojia licbaman* 

naepbon on ]Fam lanbe ^ pet- 



* Hie mterpretation of tbii and the two 

^ Of ibis and tbe two foUofEing Udm the MBw 

tkm k by Bo means ladsiaclorj. 



modi tbey brooded oc^er their ob^ 

tbemsdvea understood [lamityp 

thai bis (God's) words had been 

Tbe woman griered, Qperrerted. 

penitent-minded wept— 

{she bad God's finToar 

tbrough seduction lost) — 

wlien sbe saw tbe li^it 

dsewbere depart • 

wbicb to ber, through fidsebood^ 

/or a token showed, (crime, 

he who counselled them to that 

that they hell-punishmcnt 

mnsthavey . 

nnnunibefed ills • 

therefore mental sorrows . 

burned in thdr breasts. 

Sometimes to prayer they feD, 

the partners together, 

and the Lord triumphant 

the good, they greeted, 

and God invoked, 

heaven's Ruler, 

and him besought 

that they its(their crime's)penalty 

might have, 

duly fulfil, 

since they had Gtod's 

commandment broken : 

hare tbey saw - 

thrir bodies; . 

ibey had not in that land as yet 

settled happiness, 



lines is qmte coajectnisL 
ifcmi very obscoir; my 



C£OMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



49 



ne hie jt>]^e pihc* * 

peopcej* pjix>n* 

£c hie pel meahton- 

libban on ^am lanbe* . 

jij: hie polben Ujie jjobey- 

poppeapb j^jiemman* 

]ni hie j»Ia fpjuecon* 

foph-popba fomeb* 

pnhipan tpa* 

abam j^maelbe* lo 

^ to euan fppaec* 

hpaec ]ni €ue haefjr* 

ypele jemeaiicob* 

uncep TJ^TpBL jiX* 

jefyhp: ]^a uu ]ni fpeaptan helle- 

DU ]ya hie jfumman meahc- 

heonane j^hypan* 

nif heofon-jiSoe- 

jelSc ^am hje* m 

Ac yif if lanba betp:* 

^2sc yit ]yaph imcpef heapjian 

habban mopcon* Q^anc* 

^aep yn yam ne hiepbe*« 

^ unc I'lpie heapm 2Cju§b* 

f fiz falbenbef • 

p6pb fopbpaecon* 

heojxm-cyniii^ef* 

nu pc hpeopije mason • [ 38 ^ 

foppau pop hif jiSe* » 

fop)K>n he nnc pelp bebeib* 

f ftc nnc ptee* 

papian pceolben* 



nor they of sorrow anght 

nor labour knew ; 

but they conid well 

hare fired in that land, • 

if they God's precepts would, 

before all things, have execnted. 

Then spake they many 

words of care together, 

/Ae partners twain. 

Adam sud^ 

and to Ere spake : — 

'Thns hast thoo. Eve, 

eviUy designed 

our own departure : 

tieest thon now the swart hdl, 

greedy and ravenous } 

Now thou it mayest raging 

hear from hence* 

Heaven's realm is not 

fike to that flame ; 

but this is the best land [Lord, 

that we, through favour of our 

may hav^ 

because thou hast him obeyed, 

who to this harm us counselled ; 

that we the Powerful's 

word should break, 

the B3ng of heaven's : 

now may we, penitent, 

sorrow for his journey, 

because he himself (God) bade us 

that we us from pain 

should guard. 



* As it ttaodf in the text, this lint icems dctoid of an appropriate «*— i»n 
PRsoning that it may originally bare stood, )>«j yn t%m idi/jibc, I liavs 
lated aceonffin^. 



50 



CiEDM0N*8 PARAPHRASE. 



heajima maeftne^ * ' 

nu flic me bunjep 1 l^upft- 

Dii^6 on bpeojinini* 

ytey pic bejpa i£]i* 

pflepon ^pjtyjij^e* 

on ealle tfb* 

hu fcolon pit nil libban* 

dSSe on yyy lanbe pepm- 

jjLf hep pmb cjmS* 

peftan oSiSe eajtan* lo 

pi^San oS%e noji^San* 

jejpeopc tippepeC* 

cymeS luejlej* pciip* 

bepone 2€ten2e* . 

paepeS popft oo^eman;- 

pe byS pypnam cealb* 

bpflum op beopnnm* 

bfee pcineS* 

bbcfS ^eop beophce panne* 

3 pit b£p bapu ptanbaiS* ao 

nnpepeb pnbo* 

nyp unc pobt bepopan* 

to pciip-poeabe* 

ne fceattep piht* 

to mete ^emeapoob* 

'ic nnc Sp mibti; 20b> 

palbenb ppaiSmdb* - 

to hp6n pculon pit peopiSan nti* 

uti me mae; bpeopan* 

f ic beb beopnep 2ob« ao 

palbenb ]K>ne jdban* 

)^ he ^ hjp pophte to me- 

'ojp hSmn mindm* 

nn ]m me poplaepeb baepft* 

on minep heppan bete* 

ppa me nu hpeopan msj* 



greatest of hanni. 

Now hunger and thirst tear me 

bitterly in my breast^ :. . . 

of which erst we both ' 

were reckless^ 

at all time. 

How shall we now live, 

or be in this land, « 

if wind here come 

from west or east, 

from south ornorthy 

clouds ascend; 

hail shower cometh 

heavy fix>m heaven^ 

frost also cometh. 

which is intensely cold : 

sometimes from the heavens 

heat glowethy • 

gleams the bright sun^-^- 

and we here stand bare, 

with garment unprotected ? 

There is not aught before us 

for fihower-coTering, 

nor of store aught 

for meat assigned; 

but with us is the mighty God, 

the powerful^ &ngiy« 

TVhat will now become of us ? 

Now may t/iqBpjme 

that I prayed heaven's God^ 

the good Ruler, 

thathe theehere wouldform to me, 

from my limbs : 

now hast thou seduced me 

to my Lord's hate ; 

BO may it now rue me 



C£OMON*8 PARAPHRASE. 



51 



10 



ttjqie to albpe* 

^ ic ^ mlnum ei^om j^feikh: 

XIIIL 

Da Tppsc eue epc» 
ibefa faenoft* 

hie paef j^peopc 'gobey* 

]>eali heo J^a on beojdef cjaepc 

bebpopeo pupbe* 

fa meaht hie me pican* 

pine mSn abam* 

pdpbum ^luiun* • 

hic 'pe peah p^p ne maej- 

on ]ylnttm hj'je hpeopan* 

|K>nne hit me »c heoptan be5« 

hipe %i abam* 

anbfpapobe* 

PF ic palbenbep* 

pillan cu^« 

hpaet ic hff co heapm-pceape- 

habban poeolbe* « 

ne 2^pape 'pvt ntf jniomtfp- 

'pezh me on pi£ paban* 

hece heoponep job* 

heonone nn ]«• 

on pltfb papan* 

naejie he ppnum ]wp betfp- 

mepe-pcpeam ]»aep mioel- 

f hif 6 min mtfb j^tpeobe* 

ic ic to ]Fam 2punbe j^nje 

jip ic jobep meahte* 

pillan jq'^cean* 

nip me on popnlbe mA* 

enijep ^e^npcipep. 

nu ic minep )>eobnep* 



for evennorey 
that I saw thee 



mine tiytu^ 



[39] 



XIIIL 



Then in torn spake Eve, 

of females fairest^*/* r 

of wives most comdyi [ r r::*-' 

she was God's work, ' ' [cnft, 

though she then, hf ike- devil's 

had been deodved:—- - ' 

' Thou mayest reproach it to me, 

Adam, my beloved, - - - 

with thy words, . • • ■ 

yet thee it cannot worse 

rue in thy mind 

than it doeth me at heart.* 

Her then Adam 

answered:— . . 

' If I f Ae Fdwerfol's 
nillknew, 

'%vhat I for my crime's penalty 
should have, 

ne'er sawest thou one readier, 
though in Me sea to wade, me 
heaven's God 
now from hence 
into the flood to 
it were not so fearfully deep, ^ 
the sea-stream so great, - 
that I would in my mind doubt it ; 
but I would to the abyss go,* 
if I might God's . 
will execute* 

I have no mind in the world 
for any service, 
now I my Lord's 



V I n 1 1 1 



52 



CiEDMON'S PARAPHRASE. 



tw^ "•' 



^ >• 



10 



hapi h^Ibo fojifCfph 

j) ic hie hablMui ne nU^- 

ic pit ytxf bajin ne majon* 

bfitA «tit>iiiiie* 

pepm to jmhte* 

iiton 2^n on ]^fpie pealb* 

iiman on J^qr^f hpl^^r ^^^ 
hpujipon hie b^tpi* 
to^enjboii piojmjenbe* 
on ]K>ne sp^nan pealb* 
j-aeton onpinbpan* [^0] 

bfban pelpef jefceapn* 

heofon-c^in^ep 

y^ hie )« habban ne mojxon* 

]w him i6p P>rz^^F* 

ehnihti; job* 

yai hie heojia hchoman* 

lefpim bej^eahton* 

pepebon mib f y pealbe- 

pi6ba ne haepbon- m 

ac hie on j^beb peoUon. 

btitu setpomne* 

mopjena j^hpiloe* 

bs£bon nuhtijne* 

f hie ne popjeate* 

2ob ehniht^* 

3 him jeppabe- 

palbenb pe j^ba* 

hn hie on )?am leohte- 
'' pop{S hbban pceolben* a 

^ ^c6mp£pan* 

ppea aehnihtij* 

opep mibne bae;* 

maepe ]yeoben« 

on neopxna panj- 



fiiYOur have forf died, 

90 that I ma J not hare h. 

But we thus bare may not, 

both together, 

be for any thing: 

let U8 into this weald go, 

within the shadow of this holt.* 

They both departed, 

sorrowing went 

mto the green wood ; 

sate apart, 

the mandates to awut 

of heaven's l^g : 

as they might not have the things 

which erst gave them 

almighty God. 

Then their bodies fhey 

with leaves bedecked, 

protected with the wood, — 

weeds they had not; 

but in prayer they fell . 

both together : 

every mom 

they besought the Mighty 

not to forget them, 

the almighty Grod, 

and them to show, 

(the good Ruler,) 

how they, in that state*, 

should thenceforth live. 

Then came walking 
the Lord almighty, 
after mid-day, 
the great Prince, 
into Paradise ; 



• LiteraOy, im ihtti Kghi. 



CJEDMON*8 PARAPHRASE. 



53 



ncobe fine** 
polbe neopan- 
nejijenb ujffep* 
bilpic pebep* 
hp«c hi]* beajm bybe^* 
fifte fojipophce* 
)^a he i§p pLte jpealbe* 
jepitan him ^ janjan* 
jeomep-mtfbe* 
iinbep be^m-fceabe* 
bbebe bepeapob* 
hybbon hie ou beolftpe* 
y^L hie hihj pdpb* 
bpihtnef ^ehyjibon* 
3 onbpebon him* 
)^< funa on^aim* 
jjcjlef alboji* 
peajib ahpan- 
pojiulb-2Cfcea]:ca- 
het him pecene eo* 
pice ]>eoben» 

h!f pinujAoS*'^* 
him Yh rylpk oncpasS- 

hean hleoiSpabe* 

hjiaergHeY ^appi* 

ic ppeo me h£p< 

p»ba leapie* 

lip-]Pjiea mSn* 

leapum )wcce« 

pcylbpull mine* 

rcea«en ip mep^pe- 

fpecne on pephCe* 



itsneedi 

A« would see to^ 

our Preiienrer« 

our kind Father, 

what his children 

by their repast^ destroyed. 



beauty 
[gifted. 



whom he had erst 

They then retired, 

sad-minded, 

under the tree shade, 

of happiness bereft, 

in a cavern hid themselves 

when fhey the holy word 

of the Lord heard, 

and dreaded. 

Hien straight b^an 

heaven's Chief 

to call the warden 

of worldly creaturesi, 

bade to him forthwith 

(the powerful Lord) 

his son to come. . 

Him then himself' addressed, 

humble he cried :— 

* Devoid of raiment 

I conceal me here, • 

lacking garments. 

Lord of my life 1 

with leaves cover me; 

a criminal, my • 

sin is painful to me;, 

atrocious in my soul^— • 



* My interpretatioii of thb line is conjcchinl, and its accuracy far from ontaia. 
^ For bybon ; probably an arror of the scribe. 
« The fruit wbich they had eatca. 
^ 1. 1. Adam. 



54 



C£DMON*8 PAEAFHKAaS. 



ne boqi mi fO|iB jjbk* 
ic eom emD meob > 



lum iSa «bpe gob* 
anbfpsqiebe* 
j'ag'^ me ^ jiiDii mfo* 
pop Itpon jvoqt* itn* 
j XCT b g jveomieobe* 
^u foeonbe kc me* 
pipSum anpenge* 
ac jepean canuin* 
pop hpon p<jT ya pein* 
^ ppih]^ poeome* 
jej7hit: popje. 
7 )^in j^Ip ]H5cert. 
lie mib leapiim* 
fajajT lip-eeape* 
hean-hyje geomop* 
f ]w pe hpaejlef I'eapp* 
nym^ ]ni sppel* 

aenhe b^j^I^* 

op |mm puba-bedm- 

]w ic ]>e p^pbum popbedb< 

Ium)« ibihn* . 

ejrt anbppapobe* 

m£ iSa bUba on hdnb* 

bpyb 2«pealbe* ■; ^ 

ppeolacu paemne* 

ppea bpihten min* 

¥e ic ]^ on tednan 2^]Fah< 

na ic Jwf ticen pege* 

ppeocol on me pelpum- 

pic 10 pp2i^ Vy mi* 

iSa %apf euan S^pp^*^* 



IdarenoC 



[42] lamaUoakcd.' 



Hhn diea fbrthwitli God 



'Tdlitme^my 
wh J sedcest thoQy 
bashful, lie shade; 
thoa shame at me 



but mid an joy .* ^ 

why hnowest thoa aomnr, 

and hidest thy nakedness 

seest aflUcCion^ 

and thyself covere st thy 

body witb leaTeSy 

sayest, life-anxioo% 

sad in thy cast-down mind, 

that agannent to theeisneedfid, — 

nnkss an apple thoa 

hasttasted, 

of that wood-tree [words }* 

which I forbade thee with my 

Him then Adam. ' 
agaun answered ^-» 
'Me the firuits in hand 
my bride gave, 
/Ae goodly woman, 
O my Lord, 

which, in contempt of thee, I atc^ 
of which I now a token bear 
manifest in myself; [rows/ 

therefore know I the more sor- 
Then therefore questioned Eve 



CMDUOffS PARAPHRASE. 



55 



hpvt bpi^e ]ni bob&o|i« 

biQe)« jeoohpa* 

mppa 2«fceajxm« 

neojuma ptnjer* 

2popenb]Ui jipi. 

fh ^11 ptpenbe* 

on beim 2pip€* 

bbeba name* 

on tjieopef tel2um* 

*j me on tetfnan* 

i6ce ]m iinfpeme* 

dbame fealbejr pcftme- 

l^a mc paep<m* 

p6]ibum minnm* • 

pejte fojibobene* 

him 'pdL fpeolecu nuej* 

ibcf aepij^-mdb* 

anbfpajiobe* 

mi naebpe bejyie* 

^ me neoblice* 

to fopfceape jt^hte* 

3 to fcylb-jrpece- 

f ah pyjim ^uph pepp pdpb« 

o% f ic fpacoChce* 

feqnb-julf s^FP^™®^" 
pehiSe jepophte* 
3 )« peajx>be* 
fpa hit juht ne paqp* 
beam on beappe* 
'J ^ blaeba ifit* 
& naebpan fcetfp* 
nepjenb njyep* 
):}iea aehnihti;* 
papim pypme* 
pfbepSaf* 



almightj God :— 

' Daughter, what madeat tboa 

<rf Me abundant bleaunga, . 

#Ae new creationa • 

of Fuadiae, 

Me growing pfta, 

when thou coveting 

on the tree didat graap, 

took Me fhiita 

on the tree'a bougha, 

and, in contempt of me, ' 

then atest to thy perdition; 

to Adam gaveat the fruita, 

which to you were, 

hj mjr worda, - 

atricti J forbidden ?' 

Him then Me comely woman. 

Me female in mind disgraced, 

answered: — 

^ J%e serpent me deceived, 

and me urgently -• . 

prompted to crime ' 

and to sinful audacity, [words. 

Me variegated serpent with fiiir 

till that I wickedly . . ! . 

committed Me fiendish violence, 

wrought enmity, 

and then robbed, 

aa it was not right, 

Me tree in its grove, 

« 

and the fruits ate/ 

Then to the serpent decreed 
our Preserver, 
the Lord almighty, 
to the worm of vaiying hue, 
far joumeyings | 



56 



CiEDlION*8 PARAPHRASE. 



^ foealc pfbe-pqihS- 
F^PZ l^^vun bjieoftam- 
beajun tpebtn* [ ^^ ] 

bpibe eopfian* 
pjuuft feSeleaf • 
]wnbeii ]w peopli poiisB* 
2aft on ninan* 
^ fceak 2peot ctan« 

]*pa ]ni UlSlioe* 

fpohte ODftealbqfC* 

]« )^ pip peo5. 

li£ca% unbeji heopnum- 

^ ]Fin liea]x>b tjiebeS* 

pth mib ptftmn fintiiii* 

%u fcealt peppia** 

petan uhcsin* 

nippc tnbbop* 

bits 2^m»ne incjium ople; HI'S* 

i ]y^nben ftanbeS* si 

pojiulb iinbep polcnum* 

xm yn yijt *j canj^* 

VSX leob-fceaSa* 

hu yn lipan fcealt:- 

XVI. 

Da bo euan job* 

yjijunja fpp«c. 

p6nb y^ ypouk pynno* • 

]ni fcealt pvpoeb-men* 

pepm on jepealbe* so 

nub pcpcf cjfan* 

heapbe jeneappab* 



and the wofdi spake :^ 

< Tboa abalt % life loi^ 

accursed^ with thy b^eaa^ 

MybeDj, txead . 

the broad earth, 

go footless 

whfle life to thee remaineth, 

spint within; 

dust shalt thoa eat 

all thy life-day^ 

as thou wickedly 

hast caused crime. [mity. 

To thee shall the woman bear en* 

shall hate under the heavens, 

and thy head shall tread 

/Ay foe with his feet : 

thou shalt snares 

set to her offsprings 

to the new progeny ; • . 

fatal hate shall be common to you, 

ever while standeth 

the world under the skies* [est, 

Nowthouunderstandestandknow- 

fell destroyer of nations, 

how thou shalt live.' 

XVI. 

Then to Eve God 

angrily spake >-> 

/ Depart from joy ; 

thou shalt to man 

be in subjection ; 

with fear of thy husband^ 

hard aflSicted, 



* Hie tnaftlatkm of thb and the two following lines » ncsrly the nme se that 
girtn Vy Lye; Vnt I have great doaVtt at to its correctness. 



C£DMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



57 



hein ^popian* 

be^Sef bfbfto* 

3 ^uph p6p ^ heajp • 

on populb cennan* 

^uph f<p micel* 

pinu *j bohtoji* 

abeib eac abame* 

ice bjuhten* 

Iffef leoht-fpumm* 

liX rfpenbe* 

)m fcealc o'Sejuie* 

eiel fecean* 

pynleafpan pic* 

3 on ppaec hpeoppm* 

nacob nieb-pebla* 

neopxna panjep • 

bujeVnm bebi§Ieb* 

ye ly jebfl pieob- 

Keep T paplc. 

hpec )?u M%hce* 

ppohte onftealbefC* 

]:op]H>n ]yu pinnan pcealt* 

^ on eop^an ^• 

)?Sne anblipne* 

]*elfa 26ps§€an* 

pejan rP^ti; hleop* 

)>inne hMp etan* 

^nben J^u hep leopjr* 

oiS )^ ^ to beoptan- 

heapbe g^peC* 

ibl unli'Se* 

]>e )>u on seple i§p« 

fclpa popppu^e. 

pop]H>n ]m jpelcan pcealc« 

hpet pe nA j^hypaV* 



depreued, shali expiate 

lAe error of thy deedi,-* 

death awut; 

and, amid wail and moan, 

into the world bring forth, 

through mncb pain, 

aona and daughten.' 
Announced to Adam dee 

the Lord eternal, 
M author of life's lighl^ 

the dire intelligence^— 

^ Thou shalt another 

country aedc, 

a more joyless dwelling place* 

and into exile go, 

naked and poor, 

of Ptoidise's 

joys deprired : 

to thee a parting is decreed 
90 of soul and body, 

because thou wickedly 

hast perpetrated crime; 

therefore thou shalt labour, 

and on earth to thee- 

thy sustenance • 
. thyself earn, r 

bear a sweaty countenance^ 

eat thy bread, 

while thou here liTCst, 
90 until to thee at heart 

hardgripeth 

fell disease, 

which thou in that apple erst 

thyself didst goige,— 
[45] therefore thou shalt die«* 

Tlitts we now hear 



58 



cjedmon's paraphrase. 



10 



hpaqi df heajim-feafaf - * 

ppaSe oopdoan*' 

3 populb-yjun'So* 

hie ]ya jnilbjiq* peapb* 

pi£bum ^fpebe^ 

fcyppenb ujjeji* 

het heopa fceome ]wccaii« 

fpea pjium-hijuesle* : 

het: hie pjiom Iipeo|ipai« 

neopxna paoje* 

on neajiope lip* 

him on lafte beleic* 

h%a ^ p^na* 

hihtpilne hdm* 

hal^ enjel* 

he pjiean hi£fe* 

pyjiene ypeojihe* 

ne mse; J^aeji mptpill- 

aenij j^fejiali* 

pom-fcylbij mon« 20 

£c fe peapb hajpaS- 

mdit 3 rtpen2;8o* 

fe f maqie Ifp 

buje^Sum beope* 

bjuhtne healbef* [ 46 ] 

no hpaeSpe aehniht^- 

ealjia polbe* 

abam 3 eoan* 

apna opteon* > 

pebeji set fpjwXe* so 

]»eah Jye be him fpomppice* 

ac he him to Hiopjie lit* 
hpae&jie fojilSpepm* 
hypftebne hpdp* . 
halpim tuDjlum* 



irhence our writ of e?il 
sprang m wrtih, 
and worldly misery. 

Them then the Guardian of 
with weeds provided, ' b^ory 
our Preserver ; 

hade them their nakedness conceal^ 
the Lord^ with the first garment; 
bade them depart from : ' 
Ptoidise, 

into a narrower life. 
Behind them dosed 
of comforts and delights 
the joyous home • 
a holy angel, 
at his Lord's bdiest, 
with fiery sword* 
Thither may not guflefol 
any journey, 
crime-guilty man; 
for the warden hath 
might and strength, 
who that exalted life, 
dear to the good, 
for the Lord guardeth. 

Yet the Almighty 
would not of all 
(Adam and Eve) . 
their means deprive 
t?ie Faiherj firom the h^jinningy 
though he had withdrawn firom 

them; 
hut to ihem, for solace, he let 
yet continue forth 
the roof adorned 
with holy stars, * 



CJEDMON*S PARAPBRASB. 



59 



J him 2|iiiiib«pelaii« 
pnnefealbe* 
Ii€C ydnok pnlupiiiii* 
frff ^ eopiSaii* 
cttbbop-eeoDbpa* 
reoUim j/ebfdcp^* 
to populb-nytoe- 

jefcton ^a xfceji fynne* 

P^PSP^P® laiib* 
eapb 3 £€^1* 
unfpebigum* 
jipemena ^^hjnlqie* 
]K)nne pc ppum-rcfl jwf 
J»e hie sefteji baebe* 
6p-ab]i]}xii pupbon* 
onpinnon hie ]ml* • 
be jobep haepe* , 
beajm dftjuenan* 
]*pa him metob bebeib* 
abamef ^ euan* 
apipan ptepon* 
jzpeohcu tp£* 
jipmn-beapn ceimeb- 
cam ^ abel* . 
uf cfStX hie* 
hu ]m baeb^fpuman* 

bujej^a pip^ubon*' 

pelaii ^ pifte* ^^ 

piIl-2«bpoiSop- 

oSep hSf to eoplSan* 

ehiep tdobe* 

pe pep aepbopen* 

oSep «hte heolb* 

paebep on pultum* 

o€ f fopV jepit* 



and them caith^a ridies 
amply gavej - 
badethepain 
of sea and earth, 
produdng oflbpring, 
erery progeDy, 
for wordly use, 
firuita to bring farUi* 
7%fy then after their ain inhahitfd 
10 a land more sorrowfiil, 
a dwelling and a countiy 
more barren 
of every good, 

than was the fir«t settlement^ 
which they, after their deed, 
were driven firom. 

Began they then, 
at God*s behest, 
to beget children, 
so as them the Lord 
Adam and Eve's 
offspring were • 
two comely sons^ 
first-born children, /^ 

Cain and Abel. - 

Books inform ns? 

how these first labourers 

acquired goods, 

wealth and food, 
[ 47 ] the brothers german. 
SI One to the earth 

his strength applied, 

he who was firstborn; 

the other cattle hept, 

in md of his father,*- 

until passed on 






60 



C£DBION*S PARAPHRASE. 



tej-jifmef pojin* 
hie ]ml bpibtne lac« 
be2en bpohton* 
bp^o en^la bepeah* 
on abelq- pelb« 
ea^um ffniim* 
cymnj eallpihta* 
cainef ne polbe- 
tibep foeapian • 
f^ yasj tojin pejie* 
hepj St heojitan* 
^flfi psclm ojrteah^* 
beojine on bpeoftum< 
blatenbe niS* 
yjipe pop aejjtum* 
he ]m tinjiaeben* 
p>linuin jejfpemebe* 
jrpeo-mse; oj7*lob« 
bpoSopfinne* - 
'J hSf bldb ajedc* 
cam abelef* 
cpealm-bjieope j^eall 

yey^ mibban-jeajib* 
monoej* jytcot* 
vjteji psel-fpenje* 
pea pep ajufipeb* 
tji^ena tubbop* 
op pam tp^e p'SiSan* 
lubon laiSpenbe* • 
len; ppa ppiSop* 
peSe pseptiue* 



10 



many day*. 

Then to the Lord an offering 
both brought: 
7%e Lord of angds looked 
on Abel's gift • 
with his eyes | 
the King of all crcatores 
trould not Cun*s • 
.offering behold. 
Then to the man was anger 
heavy at hearty 
rage him of thought bereft; 
in the breast of the chief 
swelling hate, 
ire for enyy. 
He then a dire deed 
with hh hands executed ; 
his kinsman slew, 
his brother, 
and shed Ids bloody — 
Cain Abel's. 

With slaughter-gore swelled 
this mid earth, 
with man's blood. 
After the murder-stroke 
woe was raised up; 
a progeny of miseries 
from this branch since 
destructaTe sprang 
on eyeiy side, 
in their firuit. 



* The MS. hts f ; bat 1 suspect ]»a to be tbe true reading. 

^ Tbe MS. and Junin&have by^e j^cbnoj teab ; wbicb seemuig to me void of 
signification, I bave adopted tbe emendation suggested by Manning. Vide Sappl. 
ad Lye* vsee bige. 

«M8.>ier. : 



CJBDM0N*8 PARAPHRASE. 



61 



jiebooD pfbe* 


Reachedfar 


jeonb pcp-feoba. 


throughout manldnd 


moheer eelxui* 


/Ae shoots of wickedness ; 


mm m «^ 

hjunon hea}un*e<]iaf • 


the sprouts of cril tooched. 


beajibe ^ f<pe* 


hard andsoit^ 


bjuhca beajinum* 


the children of men ; 




[48] sodo/A^yyet; 


op %am bpib blabo* 


from that broad brandi 


bealpft jehpiloer* 


of every woe 




M thty bq^ to spring* 


pe )^ fpell majon* 


We that story may. 


p0l-2iumme ^pb* 


the slaughter-grim event. 


p6pe qnSan* 


with wail lament 


nalef holmise* 


not without cause ; / 


<c uf heapbe fccob* 


for us hard o'erwhdmed 


jipeoleca jaemne* 


the comely woman. 


^ph fopman jylt- 


through the first crime . 


^ pi% mecob vppe* 


that ever *gdnst the Lord 


men jefpemeben- 


men comnutted. 


eopV-buenbe* 


90 earth-dwellers. 


pfiiSan abam peapV* 


since Adam was. 


op 2^^r m^^- 


from the month of God, 


j'^jre eacen:* 


with spirit endued. 


XVII. 


XVII. 


Da p6pbe fpc^n* 


Then with word questioned 


jmlbpef albop* 


the Chief of glory 


cam hpaep abel* 


Cain, where Abd 


eoptSan pepe* 


were on earth? - 


Imn iSa fe cfftleafa* 


Him then the outcast 


cpealmef pyphta* 


worker of murder 


Kbpe Kjltep ^n» 


so forthwith afker 


anbfpapobe* 


answered:— 


ne can Ic abdef • 


^ I know not Abd's ' 


6p ne ftfpe* 


coimng nor going. 


hleo-maejef pIS* 


my 1dnsman*s ways. 



62 



CiEDM0N*8 PARAPHRASE. 



ne ic h^pbe piq** 
bpo'Scji mfoci** 
lum Yh bpejo enjla* 

job-rpebQ 2*1^' 

hftse bejrealbqr fa* 
polmiim l^inum* 
ppalSum on psl-bebb* 
ytcpfsepcot pine* 
bjioSoji JylnnjB* 
3 hSf bldb CO me- 
deopaS j cxgeS* 
yu yBSf cpealmef fcealc* 
pite pmnan* 
^ on ppaec bpeojipin* 
apyp2^ ^ piban albpe- 
ne felefS ^e paefcmaf eop%* 
plit^e to populb-nytte* 
ac beo p«l-bpeope fpealh* 
baljc op banbum finum. . 
fopbon beo ^ hpdSpa optibiS 
jlaemef " 2P^i^^ J^^be- 
)m fcealc jeomop bpeoppm* 
ipleaf op eapbe ^Inum- 
fpa ]^u abele pupbe* 
to peopb-banan* 
pop}K>n ]m flema pcealt- 
pib-lapt ppecan*. . 
pine-mapim U«. . 
bun ]m cam anbppapobe- 
ne l^eapp ic i^mgie ipe* 
p^nan on populb-pSoe* 
ac fc poppopht bebbe* 
beopona beab-cjnm;- 



nor was I beeper 

of mj brotber/ • '/ ' ^^ " * 

To bim tben the Lord of angels, 

the Spirit ricb in good, 

replied:*-' •'/;/ 

'Wby didst tbonftll, 

witb tby bostile 

bands, to the bed of slaugbter, 

the uprigbt man, 
10 th J brother^ 

and bis blood to me : 

calletb and crietb?* 

Thou for tbis morder sbalt 

gain punishment, • 

and into exDe wander, 

accursed to age remote: 

Eartb sball not give tbee fruit 

fair, for worldly use, [drunk, 

for she the slaugbter-gore batb 
90 /Aeboly, from thy bands; [cattle, 

therefore she shall deny thee her 

her frmt, the green earth. 

Sad sbalt thou depart, 

tmhonoured from thy dwelling ; 

as thou bast been to Abel 

for a life-destroyerj 

therefore thou a fdgitive sbalt 

into f ar enle go, - . 

hateful to thy kindred.' 
Him then Cain answered : — 

^ I may not any honour 

hope in the world's kingdom, 

for I bare forfdted. 



. high King of heaven, • 

* I am compelled to give Lye*t interpretation of ^Uemer^thongh hy no meant 
confident as to its coricciucoo. 



CJBDHON^fl PARAPHRASE. 



63 



M 



hylbo ^fne- 

lufan 1 fjktobe* 

p>p^n ic lajtmf jxeal* [ 49 ] 

pein on pfonm* 

pibe lecjan* 

bponne toe j^mitee- 

min-fcylbijne* 

fe me feoji o%%e neali* 

pehiSe ^emonxgd* 

bpolSop-qwalmef* 

ic hif bl<5b a>2ear« 

bpeoji on eop^San* 

)»u t3o baeje ]^ijpim* . 

^bemejT me jipam bujiiSe* 

3 ^bjupejT jrjiom* 

eapbe minum* 

me to albop-banan* 

peopiSeiS ppa^pa pmi* 

le apyps^b pceal* 

]?eoben of jejyhiSe* 9d 

]^tnpe bpeoppm* [ ^0 ] 

bun ]^a feljpa onq^tfS* 

pjopa bpiheen* 

ne l^eapft %u ]w oobpiSban- 

bea^f bpd^an* 

j:eoph-q>ealm nA pet- 

^ab fu, ppom pcyle* 

jipeo^mapim jzeop* 

f£h jepican* 

pp monna bpelc* ai 

manbnm pinum* 

albpe beneotet* 

bme on c^eS- 

spcep ymjie pynne- 

peofonpealb ppacu* 

pite vptep peopce* 



tby finrour^ 

lore;, and good*will I 

therefore sball I my fiootstepa^ 

with affliction in tiy tboogbtSy 

setfivoffs 

wben Khali meet me, . 

crime-giulty^ 

be who, &r or near^ me [mind, 

of my murderous hatred shall re- 

of my fratricide. 

I shed his blood, 

hi$ gore on eaith. 

TUdu on this day . 

adjudgest me firom good, 

and driTest from . . 

my habitation. 

To me for life-destr o yer 

shall be some enemy. 

I accursed must. 

Lord ! from sight 

of thee depart.' . 

Him then Imnsdf addressed 
the Lord of triumphs :— > 
'Thou necdest not dread 
the pain of death, 
the mortal pang as' yet; 
though thou shalt firom 
thy kindred far, 
a toe, depart. 
If any man . 
iiith his hands 
thee of life bereave, 
on Um shall comey 
for that sin, 
serenfold vengeano^ 
punishment accordingtohisderd/ 



64 



C£DBION*S PARAPHRASE. 



hine jmlbenb da< 



jipeofSo-beacen fpea* 
yf Isf liine pecmba hpilc< 
mib joS-jipaeoe* 
giecan bojijlx* 
peoppan oSiSe nean- 
hehr ]ni jpom hpeoppoi- 
mebqi j mapml* 
mfit-fC^Ib^ne* 
cnofle jiniuD* 
liim ysL cam jepAc* 
jonpoi 2Coinop-m<5b* 
2pbe op jejyli'Sc* 
pneleaf ppecca- 
3 lum ]ia ffc jeceaf • 
eaft-lanbuin*. 
on eSd-ftope« 
faebep-jeapbiim jieop* 
ytsp. lum ppcolccu maej* 
ibqp aeptqi ae'Selum* 
•eap^pan pebbe- 
j*e Kpcpta p9B]** 
6iof bafcen- 
ppmn-beajm* camep • 
fiSSan onjon- 
mib ]mm cneo-mapmi- 
ceajrpe tmibpan- 
^ p«f mibqi polcnum* 
peall-paeftemia- 
ifpejT ealpa ]Fapa* 



M 



On him /Ae Powerful, 

tie glorious Creator, 

set a token, 

the Lord, a sign of peace, 

lest Urn some enemy- 

with hostile force 

durst greet, 

from &r or near, 

JBe hade then depart from 

mother and brethren, 

the crime-guilty, 

from his IdndredP 

Cain then went 

journeying, sad of mind, 

from sight of God, 

a friendless exile, 

and chose him then a dwelling 

in the east lands, 

in a country 

far from his paternal courts, 

where to him a maiden fair, 

a female, according to nature, 

brought forth offspring. 

The first was 
Enoch called, 
Cain's firstborn. 
Afterwards Ae began 
with his kinsmen 
to build a city, 
which was, under the skies, 
of rampart-holds 
first of all those 



* Between this and the following line there is no alliteration. The anUior 
perhaps wrote junn earner* which may hare been madvertently altered to the 
present reai£ng; though the law of alliteration seems sometimes less strict in 
the case of a proper name. 



*S PARAPHRASE. 



65 



fpeopb-b£]ienbe« 
feccan hiran* 
yanon Uf eafopaii* 
l^peft pdcan* 
beajm fpom bji^be* 
OD ynm tnijih-jtebe* 

lapebhacen* 
pinu enoj^jr* 
pStSan pdcan* 
^a ymf Conner* 
cneop-pbn icton* 
maej-buph cainef • 
malaleliel psf • 
aejnji lajiebe* 

pebeji on lafte- 
oiS )^ be fopiS 2ep£c« 
p%San mathupl* 
mapun baelbe* 
beajm aejitep beapxie< 
bpeiSpmn jinum* 
seSebnj^a ^eftpetfn* 
oiS f albop-2^bfl* 
fji6b pyjm-bapun* 
jipemman fceolbe* 
Up Oflaetaii* 
lameh onjpen;* 
aejxep jaebep baeje* 
flet>2^fcealbum* 
botl-^^ftpeonum* 
him bpyba tpa- 
ibeya on e%le« 
eapopan febbcm* 
iba -J fella- 



that meOf 
sword-bearing, 
bade be established, 
llienoe to his son 
first were born 
children from Ail wife 

[5S] inthatdty. 

llieddestwas 
caUedlrady 
M Enodi's son. 

Afterwards were bom 
lAey who of that race 
#Ae fiunDy increased, 
/Ae kindred of Cain. 
Mahalaleel was, 
after Irad, 

guardian of the heritage^ 
aft«r his fatfacfj 
until he departed hence. 
90 Afterwards Mathusdah 
to hU brethren distributed, 
diild by diild, 
'to Ids brothers, 
the chieftains' treasure, 
till a divorce fitmi life . 
the wise through loigth of days 
must execute, 
' being resign. 
Lamedi succeeded, 
» after his father's days, 
to the dwelling places 
and household goods : 
to him two consorts, 
women in the land, 
brought forth offspring, 
Adah and Zillah ; 



66 



CiBDMON*8 PARAPHRASE. 



)mpa inum pi6p. 
labalnitina* 

fe yvjih gleapne j/tywac- 
hep-baenbpa* 
beappan i§]iqt:* 
lianbom jinmii* 
U^ apebca* 
rP™pjenbe jjeg^ 
pinu lamehq-* 

8p^lc6 on ^0p6 iDBejSe* 

mi^pips]' luusen* 

on ytL dean db* 

tubflcam* 

je Jmpli fnytpo fpeb« 

jmiS cpse]St62^ F'?* 

'J yaph mtfbej- 2®mynb- 

monna ftpiepc* 

funu lamebqr* 

pilh-^epeopcq** 

fjinma pef ofep polban* 

jtSISan polca beapn- .. 

iqief * ciiSon* 

'J ipqinef • 

bujij-jictenbe* 

bpucan pfbe- 

ytL ni]* pfpnn ^sm* 

p6]ibum fSBjbe* 

lameb feolpi* 

leopnn 2ebebbam* 

aban^ fdlan* 

nntplic fpel* 

ic on mojvSoji ojjlob- 

mlnpa juna^* 

* MS. and Janiat ajiej^. 



to one of wbom waa 

the name </ Jnbal, 

wbOj throngh aldlfiil thought^ 

of dweDeraher^ 

firat of ike baip, 

with hiabandiy 

the soond awoken 

mdodioaa 6train% 

the aon of Lamecb. 

XVIII. 

It Thna in tbat tribe 

waao aoncalledy 

at the aame time, 

TUbalCam, 

wbq, by dint of akilly 

waa a amitb-craftaman, 

and, by thought of mind, 

the firat of men^ 

(Lamech*8 aon) 

of plongfa-woik 
» waa inventor upon earth. 

Since which lime the Kma of men 

brasa have Imown, C 

andiron, 

{the dwellera in dtiea) 

widely to nae. 

Then to hia two mvea 

told in worda * 

T Jimerh himiielfj 

to hii dear oonaorta, 
so Adah and SSIIah, 

a wicked tak:— 

« 

' I have in murder alain 
ofmyaona 

. ^ MS. aad Jonins nmr. . 



CJIDMON^S PARAPHRASE. 



67 



h^Ibe-maspt* 
honba jepmbe* 
oncamef** 
cpealme mine* 
fylbe mib polnram* 
jaebep enofer* 
tfjib-banan abeler* 
eopiSan fealbe* 
psel-bjieoji pepef • 
fit jeappe* 
f ^nm bc-hp^e* 
on laji? cymdS* 

ftfC^cymnjer* 
feofonpealb ppaca* 

micel vjxep mihie* 

mln fceal fpiSop* 

mib 2piinnie SP^P^* 

jolben pupiSan* 

fjfU ^ peopli-cpealm* 

|H>nne ic popV fcio^* 

yh peapV abame- 

on abelep jy^b* 

eapopa on ^e* 

o^p pebeb* 

l6ipBjt prnxL* 

]niin paep ]*eth n6ma« 

fe psp eab^* 

3 hip ylbpum tSh* 

ppeoLc to ppoppe* 

jaebep ;] mebep^ . 

abam^ ^ euan* 

psf abelep pelb* 

on populb-pfce* 



the bdofed Idnamanj 

my lianda poUotrf 

in Cain's 

nravdcr^ 

with mjr bands felled 

Enoch's fiidier^ 

Abel's murdererj 

bave given to earth 
' Me life-hlood of /Ao^ man* 
IS WeUIlmoir 

that on that bonudde^ 

shall after come 

I Ae Kmg of troth's 

sevenfold vengeance^ 
[ 55 3 greaty proportioned to the crime: 

biU nunc shall rather 
^ with grim horror 

be requited^ 

my bH and morderj 
9» when I depart hence.' 
Then to Adam was, 

in eompensation for Abd, 

a son in the land, 

another born^ 

an upright son, 

whose name was Seth, 

who was happy, 

and to his parents throve, 

goodly, for a comfort^ 
ss tofather and mother: 

to Adam and Eve 

he was Abers.sabstitute, 

in the world's kingdom. 



* Both here and at p: tS, L 32, earner appears to be a trisyllaUa. 
^ I do not recollect hairing met with the word jao eliewlwre ; iu aignificatioa 
seena manifest from ibe contcit. 



68 



CiBDMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



€S|ib m<ni-c^iin€j*« 
xne^fealbe* 
pmu felpi* 
PSOJOL palbenb* 
Ifpef wlbcji* 

OD leOJ»r JtBdh 

ymy ]»e cam ojijloh- 
"J me ceap-fop^e* 
mib yyf mi^o-tmsbpe* 
oj: m6be <f oeap* 
(eoben uj^ep* 
Imn ymy ]^anc pe:* 
abambcjibe* 
)m lie eft ODjan* 
Imn to ebulp-ftaepe* 
oSpef ftpienan* 
beapnef be bpf be« 
beopn ellenp^- 
xzz.:jc. 

pintpa on popnlbe* 
nf ^eppita pecjaB. 
f liep eahta bunb« 
lecteplSBan* 
ms^Sum 3 maecpun* 
maejbups fine* 
fibam on eopVan* 
ealpabaqrbe* 
nijen hunb pmtpa* 
'J zzxeae* 
)m he yxf populb- 
ynflh 2art-2®bal« 
ofjfpm fceolbe- 
Imn on lajte fedi* 
leoj: peapbobe* 



10 



[56] 



Then these words spake 
the patriarch of manldnd: — 
' Me hath the Eternal giTen 
a Eon, himseli^ 
the Lord of triumphs, 
the Prince of lifc^ 
in place of the heloyed, 
of him whom Cain slew, 
and amdoos sorrow, • 
with this kin-snbstance;, 
hath driven firom my mind, 
our Lord) — 
therefore to him be thanks/ 

Adam had, 
when he again began, 
as a staff to his race, 
to beget ataother 
child by his wife, 
the chief renowned— 
a hundred and thirty, 
of this life, 
winters in the world. 
T%e Scriptures tdl us, 
that here eight hundred 
A€ afterwards increased, 
with daughters and with sons, 
his fieunily. 
Adam on earth 
had in all 

nine hundred winters, 
and thirty eke^ ^ 
when he this world, 
through diToroe from JiSe, 
must resign* 
AfterhimSeth 
the beloved was guardian ; 



CiEDMON*8 PARAPH RA8B. 



69 



eajpopa tepceji ylbpum* 
epel-jtSl heolb* 
-} plj: bejeat. 
pintpa baqrbe* 
pp J hunb teoDt^* 
]m heo pipiSiim onpui* 
hif msj-bajise* 
men j^feean* 
pmam *] bobtpum* 
peebep capopa* 
pc ylbepca pwp. 
^Dop ba&en* 
pe njxnbe 30b* 
niS^beapna* 
lEpepc ealpa* 
piSVan abam ptdp* 
on 2plne spl^p* . 
^aptt jepeopiSaS* 

p'SSan pqiynbe* 
peopon pintep hiji • 
juna 3 bohtpa« 
onb eahca bunb* 
ealpa hae]i>e* 
xu« ;j nijon hnnb* 
]m peo db ^epeapiS*. 

yjk he ppi*- jebfl* • 

ppemman pceolbe* 

b!m aeptep heolb* 

y^k be op popidbe jjifit* 

£nop^pe* 

piSiSan eopiSe jpealh* 

pdSb-bepenbep* 

pecbeplSoe« 

be pttp leop 2obe» 

* The tame as. 



the son afker his parents 

ruled the patrial seat, 

and obtained a wife : 

winters he bad 

a bnndred and fire, 

wben sbe also hegui 

bis kindred. 

Aw people^ to increase 

witb sons and daughters. 
IS Setb's son 

the eldest was 

caUed Enos, 

who caUed on God, 

of the children of men, 

first of ally 

after Adam stept 

on the green grass, 

witb spirit dignified. 

Setb was bappy— 

SB Ae afterwards b^aty 

seven winters bere, 

sons and dangbters, 

and dght hundred : 

Aebadin all 

twelve and nine hundred, 

when the time came 

that he a divorce firom life 

must execute. 
[57] After him ruled— - [parted— 
so when be (Seth) hadfrom life de- 

Enos the heritage, 

after earth had swallowed 

the seed-bearing 

8eth*s body: 

be lii:as dear to God, 

or pcriispt an error lor, fcop1i*sc^* 



70 



CiBDUON*S PARAPHRASE. 



-J Ujrbe hiji* 
pintpa Iianb mgfma^ 
i§p he be pffe hiji* 
yojih jebebpcipe* 
beajm ajrpynbe* 
hm y^ cenneb peftpK 
cftTfian i§|ic]l#« 
esLfoptL oa eXle* 
pS&Q eahta hunb* 

on fpxSo bpihtnef • 
jleap-pepIiiS h«Ie8* 
jeosoSe ftpynbe* 
pina J bohqia* 
jpealt ysL he haepbe* 
]^6b fyjui picet** 
▼• ^ Il^on hunb* 
]wpe cDeopijpe* 
paep cainan piSiSan* 
tBpccji enope* 
slbop-bam* 
peapb J pfpa* 
pintpa hcpbe* 
epie hnnb feopont^* 
l^p hun pmu p6ce* 
ya peapS on e^le* 
eapopa pebeb* 
majo cainq*^* 
mabJahfl paep haten* 
jtSiSan eahta hunb* 

J peopejitijitm eac« 
peopum jcicte* 
eno]^ pmu* 
ealpa n^on hnnb* 

• Thvi the MS. and 



and lived here 

ninety wintcrsy 

ere he by Aiff wife her^ 

fhrongh marriage^ 

begat chfldien : * 

then to hnn waa horn 

Cainan firsts 

Atr hdr in /Ae land ; 

after that, far eight hundred 
10 and fifteen yean, 

in the Lord's peaoe^ 

the sagadons chieftain 

begat a youthful offkpring^ 

sons and canghteraj 

anil died when he was 

(with length of years decayed) 

five and nine hundred. 

Of that race 

was Cainan then, 
90 after Enos, 

chief judged 

guardian and director : 

Ae had winters 

just seventy, 

ere to him a son was born. 
[68] Then in lAe country was 

mi heir brought forth, 

the son of Cunan, 

he was called Mahalaleel : 
30 then /or eight hundred years, 

the number of men 

and forty dot, 

he with lives increased. 

Enos' son 

in all nine hundred 

I piatpam occms the comet reading. ^ So ia MS. 



CJEOMON'S PARAPHRASE. 



71 



pintpa haepbe* 

yh be pojiulb Cffgefif* 

3 tynee<c« 

y^k hif tfb-ba^e** 

unbeji pobepa ptlm* 

p!m paep s^pylleb:* 



J^voL on Uqpce hedlb« 

lanb 3 ^pe- 

malalelifl* 

fxSSan mijjepa^ pojm* 

re jrpum-j^pa. 

pmtpa.Iiaefbe* 

)^ he be fife on^ann* 

beajina ftjiynan* 

bim bpyb pinu* 

xneople to monnum bpobce 

fe maja psfif • 

on hfr mesSe. 

mine ^eppaeje* 

2uma on ^ecfff)^* 

lipeb baten* 

lifbe p:81San- 

^ bjya bpeac* 

malaleb€l lan^e* 

mon-bpeama b£p« 

populb-2«ftpeona* 

pintpa bcpbe* 

jjp 3 bunb ni^ont^ 

^a be ]pop€ ^epit- 

^ eabta bunb* 

eapopaubepbe 



10 



[59] 



winters bad, 

wben be the woild resigned,' 

andtenberides; 

wben of bis time's days, 

under bearen's spaoe, 

tbe number uras folfiUed.— 



After bim ruled 

the land and beritage . 

Mabalaled, 

for many years after, 

Thepatiiardi 

five and dxty 

winters bad, 

wben be by his wife began . 

to beget cbildren. 

To bim a son his bride, 

the damsd, brougbt among men j 

tbe youtb was, 

m bis tnbc^ 

as I bave beard tdl, 

the man in youtb, 

Jared called. 

layed afterwards 

and oijoyed &TOur 

Mabalaleel long^ 

buman joys ber^ 

worldly treasures. 

Winters he bad 

five and ninety, 

wbenee be departed fortb 

and eigbt bundred: 

his son he left^ 



* Apparently an cnror for tib^bejiu 

^ Id. mittiri» •trictly a tpaco of sis flMmfto. 



72 



CJ£DMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



lonje jtSiSan* 

20lb liptt^^ttbe* . 
p eopl jnq- eSele* 
ifyaej^ lueleS* 
3 jie jfpiim-2<]i. 

|ip 3 hunb ceoDtQ* 

oo j;tojie Iffbe* m 

fintpa 2cl>Ibenpa« 

oa pojralb-pice* 

f bif pff foiiii* 

on pojiulb bjiohte* 

j*e eapypa pifif* 

6ioc luu?6ii* 

jppeolic jppnm-bei^* 

pebeji li£]i ]^a 2ft* 9d 

Uj* c^iui6]* pop's* 

cneb-plm ic&e* 

pmcpa* eahta hunb* 

ealpahiq^* 

▼Ojt^tt^* 

ytL 116 pop's 2^p^* 

3 mjfm hunb eac* 

iiibt*2^p^q*« 
pine ppdb pmtpep* 

)« be ]^p popnlb op2^>F* ^ 

onb 26apeb ^* 

2leapiim laepbe* 

lanb 3 leob-peapb* [60] 

leopun pince* 

enocb pSSan* 



the land and people's guardian. 

Long after 

Jared to the people * 

dispensed gold s 

the earl was nobler 

a righteous man, 

and the patriardi tvas 

to his kindred dear: 

a hundred and five 

he passed in lii^ 

years sustained 

in the world's Idngdom, 

and sixty eke: 

then came the time 

that his wife a son 

brought into lAe world ; . 

the hdr was 

Enoch called^ 

a comely first-bom. 

The father here yet 

of his race forth 

the progeny increased^ 

eight hundred winters: 

he had in all 

five and sixty yeare, 

when he departed forth^ 

and nine hundred eke 

of nights computed, 

the man stricken in yearsy 

when he this world resigned; 

and Jared then 

to a man of prudence left 

the guardianship of land and peo- 

to a bdoTcd chief. [ple^ 

Enoch then 



MS. and Janivi esjojia. 



CJBDUON*S PARAPHRA8B. 



7S 



ealbopbom ah^« 
):peo8o-fpeb foloef pffm< 
nallef peallaii let* 
btfm 3 bpihtjape** . 
^nben lie h^be ymy^ 
licajfxitvmaja* 
bpeac bkeb-bapi* 
beajma ffcp;^be* 
]^jieo bunb pintpa* 
him psf ]»eoben holb* 
pobepa palbenb* 
re ]unc beonon* 
on hcboman* 
bjye fobM* 
bjuhcnef bupiSe* 
nalejf beaSe fpealt* 
mibban-jeapbef* 
fpa beji men b6fS* 
jeonje j ealbe* 
]K>nne him job heojia* 

eojtSan jertjieona* 

to 

onjenimelS* 
J heojia alboji pmeb* 
£c he epic ^eyft* 
mib cymnj enj^* 
op ]»yjfam Isenan* 
lipe ppean* 
^n ]i^am jeajipum* 
)>e hif 2^^ onpenj* 
i£jt hme to monnum* 
moboji bjiohte* 
he ^am ^Ibeptan* 
eapopan Isepbe* 
pole fpum-beajme* 



[62] 



raised his toreragnty, 

kh glad awaj^ /Aenatum'agiude? 

Atf letDot unk 

his power and domination^. 

while he tvas gnardiaiiy 

chief of Idn, 

He enjoyed proapeiaaa day% 

ft 

begat duldren : 

three hundred wintera 

the Lord was gracious to him, 

the Ruler of the ddea. 

The diief firom henoe^ 

in body, 

sought happineas^ 

through the Lord's goodness : . 

he died not the death 

of mid-earthy 

as here men do^ 

young and old, 

when from them God thdr 

wealth and substance 

earth's treasuxesi, 

taketh away, 

and their life alsoy-* 

but he quick departed, 

with the King of angds, 

from these rewards, 

in life to his Lord, 

in the vestment 

which his soul recdved, 

ere him 'mongst men 

his mother brought. 

He to his eldest 

son left 

the nation, to his first-bom: 



• The line in illiteratioa with b6m :i bjiihcjcipe b waatmg. 



74 



CJBDMON'S PARAPHRA8B. 



pmtpa haepbe* 
ytL he pojiulb Cffgeuf* 
J eac nu hmib* 
^pi^e piSiSan* 
madrapd beolb* 

ji tfn bduunan* 

populb-bpeaina bjieac* 
pojm jeftiP^be* 

pina J bolitpa* 
baefbe pp^b haele* 
]ya he jppom fceolbe* 
mpyum hpeojipan* 
mffm hunb prntpa* 
3 Iiimb feopont^ ttf • 
pina ae|:teji beolb* 
lamech leob-jeapb* 
lanje jtSiSaa* 
pqiulb bjiyttabe* 
pintpa Iiefbe* 
tpa J Inmb teoosa^* 
ftL feo tib 2^pea)i9* 
)> fe eopl Sttgbi* 
BsSelt oennaa* 
fana j bohtop*. 
fiSiSan Iff be* 
jif 3 Ininb mjonti; • 
fpea mooijef bpeac* 
pintpa iinbqi polaram< 
pepobef alboji* 
▼• hunb eac heolb* 
f pole teala* 
oeapna jtjijiibe*. 



&¥€ aod aiiLty 

winten he liad, 

wlien he /Ae world ledgnedy 

and dee three hundred. 

A wfaDeafter, 

Mathnadah ruled 

his fiathera' heritage, 

who in body 

longest thia 
M world's delighta enjoyed r 

several hehegfX, 

ere his death-day, 

sons and daughtera. 

The sage diieftain had, 

when he nrast firom 

men depart^ 

nine hundred winters, 

and seventy also. 

His son hdd after^ 
SD Lamedi^ the patrial seat; 

long afterwarda 

Ae ^Ae world ruled ; 
* winters he had 

a hundred and two, 

when the time was 

that the ead began 

to beget noble 

sons and daughtera : 

he lired afterwards 
so five and ninety 3 

the chief enjoyed many 

winters under the ddes, 

the people's prince : 

five hundred eke he ruled 

the nation wdl, 

diiUren begat. 



CJBDH0N*8 PARAPHRASE. 



76 



him bfpaf pdcan* 
eap>]ia ^ ibqm* • 
he ^ne ^Ibejtaii* 
n<MB neinbe* 
fe nrSISum i§p« 
lanb bp^ccabe* 
pISiSan lamech jjBftt* 
haep be aelSehnpi* 
albop-ptfm* 
T. himb jnntjia* 
]^a he pipSum onpoi* 
beajuia ftpynan* 
^aef )>e bJc cpeSaS* 
j^m pKf hiteo* 
pina ndef • 
f6 ^Ibefta* 
olSepchftn* 
)>pibba lapeth* 
]?eoba tyiiiboo* 
ptime unbep pobepum* 
plm midabe* 
monna maejSe* 
jeonb nubban-jeapb* 
pinum J bohtjium* 
iSa pet fflef pediej* cynn* 
leofef leob-j^uman* 
on lupan fpiSe* 
bpihtne byjie* 
'J bdm-eab^* 



to him was oflbpring bom 

of Bona and danghlera : 

the eldest he 

named Noah, 

who whilom amongst men 

nded the land, 

after Lamech departed. 
[6S] Had of men 

/Atf chief mkr 
M five hundred winters, 

when he also bq;an 

to bq;et childxen, 

from what books tell ns : 

Shem was called 

Noah's son 

the eldest^ 

the second Chani, 

Japhet the thiid. 

The nations teemed 
90 abundantly under heaven, 

the number increased 

of the race of men, 

over mid'-eartfa, 

with sons and danghters. 

As yet was the kin of Seth, 

the beloved dueftun, 

much in esteem, 

dear to the Lord, 

and blessed with sway. 



OS f beapn jobef « 
bpyba onjonnon* 
oncamq** 
cynne f(can* 
peppun poloe. 



UntU 6od*s duldien 
began brides 
among Cain's 
kin to seek, 
the folk aoenrsed. 



76 



CJ£DMON*S PARAPHRASB. 



^ bun yfy fip CQ]u>n« 

opeji meSDchef ij^* 

monna eapojian* 

]x:ylbpulpa iubbjS* 

fcyne *j p^cp6* 

ytL jieopbabe* 

jiobopa palbenb* 

PjukS mcm-G^ne* 

J ya p6pbe cf«X* 

ne'fynbon me on pejih^ jrpeo* 

jrpoin 2^ptiene« ii 

cneopipi camef • 

iemef cyxm luqaiS* 

ftjieAo^en* [^1 

nu me fetlief beajm* 

tcypniupia8« 

3 hfm t6 mmttS* 

maeje^ to j^maeccmn* 

mfnjia feonba- 

y^ji pfpt plite* 90 

onjKSb jjiome* 

ibepa anpen* 

'J ice jreonb* 

folc-bpibt pejia* 

)>a tg]i on HuSe pepon. 

jiS^an hmib tpdjit];* 

jeteleb p!me« 

pmtpa on pojiiiIbe« 

ppaece bifjobon* 

jae^e^eoba* so 

hponne ppea polbe- 

on pflBji-loju* 

piM jetisan* 

3 on beaS jleaa* 

bilbum rc^lbije* 



and there to them chose wives^ 
against the Creator's will^ 
the chDdren of men, 
the race of the guilty, 
beauteoos and fidr. 

Tien spake 
hearen's Rnkr, 
wroth with mankind, 
and these words said : — 
* They have not in life blameless 
departed from me, 
the family of Cain, 
but me that race hath 
sore offended; 

now the children of Seth m j 
anger renew^ 
and to them take, 
for mates, maidens 
of my foes, 

where the women's beauty 
hath furiously pervaded 
{the aspect of the females 
and the eternal foe) 
the nation of men, 
who were erst in peace/ 
After that a hundred and twenty, 
by number counted, 
winters in ihe world, 
were busied in enl 
the fated people;-— 
when the Lord would 
on the perfidious 
set punishment^ 
and them slay to death, 
the guilty by their deeds, 
the giant-progeny. 



N*8 PARAPHRA8B. 



77 



nude min-foeaiSaii* 
meeobeUSe* 
yh jfifttix peljat* 
P30]m palbenb* 
hfKc p«r nioniia* 
miDtf on eopiSan* 
3 ]^ hie p«pon* 
pomma ISjujipe* 
uipitpille* 
he f finpesepe- 
pepa cneopifpim* 
jeppecan ^hte* 
fop2lupan pim-c^nne* 
jgumme 'j f<pe« 
heajibum mihnim* 
hpeap hue fpiSe* 
f he }x>lc-niae2]«* 
jrpuman apeahte* 
aelSehnjft opb* 
ytL he abam fce^p* 
cpdeH f he polbe* 
fojk pepa jynnum* 
eall i ae^an* 
)l on eop%m jnq-* 
popleopm Ilea j^hpilc' 
]mpa ^ lf]»f 2>rt:* 
pef mum ]?eahte» 
eall f ppea polbe* 
on ISaepe t6peapban* 
tfbe aqveDan* 
ye YdL neflshee* 
nriSSa heapnum* 
n6e pi§p jdb* 
nep2enbe leop* 
JT*« jepehj. 



hateful to God» 
/Atf great auineny 
hoatile to ihe Creator}—- 
ifhen himsdf saw, 
ihe Lord of triumpha, 
what waa men'a 
wickedness on earthy 
and that they were 
daring in crimes^ 

It guileful^— * 
he that foully 
on the race of men 
resolved to pumsh^ 
mankind to orerwhdm . 
grimly and sorely 
with his strong powers. 
Much it rued him^ 
that he of nation-tribea 
had a beginning ndsed, 

90 of men on ori^n^ 

when Adam he created : 
said that he would, 
for men's sins, 
for ever deluge all 
that was on earth, 
destroy each body 
of those who life's spirit 
covered in their breasts; 
all that would ihe Lord, 

ao in the coming 
tmie^ destroy, 
which then drew near 
to the children of men. 

Noah was good, 
to ihe Preserver dear, 
greatly blessed, • 



78 



CiEDMON*S PARAPHRA8B. 



junu llmedief • 

bjuhten fifbe* 

f yasf aefSeliD^ef • 

ellen bcAee* 

bjieojt^j^byjbum* 

p>p1Son him bjiejo pe^be 

hsix^ mt hleofSjie* 

helm all]nht&* 

hp«t he ph-pejimn« 

jijiemman polbe* 

jefeah unjuhte* 

copiSan pille* 

fibe jtSt-ponjaf • 

rJmium jeUabene. 

fiblum ^q'^mbe* 

fti pdbenb fppaec* 

nepjenb QfT^ji* 

J t6 n6e qiaeV* 

fc pile mib jd^be* 

jpok acpdlan* 

J cynatL jehpilc* 

cacpa puhn* 

]Fapa ye lyfc j fL6b* 

UebttS J jehaX* 

Foh 3 pijlar* 

ya fcealt jrpiS habban* 

nub pmmn {yfuum* 

ionne fpeape p«teji* 

pomie p8el-]t:iieamap 

pepobam fpelpX* 

ycetXnm pcylbpillma* 

on^yn te pcfp p^can* 

mepe-htif micel* 

on y^m ytmaoegam fceak 

pejoe jjBjipDMn* 



the son of Tiamechj 

just and meek. 

7%e Lord knew 

that ike man's 

courage was good 

in his breast's thongbts, 

therefore the Lord to bun said, 

the Holy, by revelation, 

the Protector of all creatores. 

It what he upon his enemies 
would execute. 
He saw of unrighteousness 
earthfulls 

Us wide fertile plains 
laden with sins, 
defiled with pollutions. 
Then the Powerful spake, • 
our Preserver, 
and to Noah said>— 

SD 'I will mth flood 
the folk destroy, 
and every kind 
[65] of living things, 

of those that air and flood 
train and bring forth, 
beasts and birds : 
thou shalt have peace 
with thy sons, 
when the swart water, 

so the dark death-streams, 
swell with the multitudes, 
with the guilty wretches. 
Begin thee a ship to make, 
a great sea-house, 
in which thou sluJt to many 
leave room for resting-places. 



CiBDMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



79 



J juhcofctt* 
selciun Kpxp tgeaum* 
eopKan eabp«« 
jefCJlM jryljaa. 

on fCxpeT 1>4™0* 

PF5«r P** 
Sjutc^ef lieak* 

flieo faunb laiQ. 

eln-jemeea* 

3 pis y8a jep^* 

^]i fceal pefl pqim* 

cynna jdifdoef • 
OD )^ ]nibii-faB|i?eii* 
poccqi jclflBbeb* 
eopiSan cubjief • 
eajic fceal ff mipe* 
nde ):peine« 

rpa hine nepj^nb lieht* 
hypbe ]^am halj&n* 
lieopoii-cjiiiii26« 
onjan Ofoftlice* 
f h6f pyjican* 
mide mejie^ciefbe* 
mapim j'sejbe* 
)^ pasf ^pealic ]fiii2* 
J^eobum topeapb* 
peSe pfee* 
hie ne pohton ydf* 
'2fife9h y^ pxib pml:pa popn 
pfl^ppejr mecob« 
Seoponhufm nmjt* 
jeapo Uif^ean* 



and fitdng aeaU 

finr cach^ after kis own limd, 

of eaith'a progeny. 

FoxmsbelTea 

in tke ship's bosomi 

make thou the Tessd 

fifty wid^ 

thirty high, 

three hundred long» 

of dl-measiues { [iraTes, 

and, 'gainst the working of tie 



There shall be food 

for tie linng^ 

of erery kind, 

into that wood-fiutness 

brought, the produce 

of earth's progeny : (greater/ 

therefore must the aik be ike 
[66] Noah zealousfy, 

n as his Preserver bade hUn, 

obeyed the holy 

King of heaven; 

bq;an forthmth 

the house to biuld, 

f^ great sea-chest ; 

sud to his kinsmen, 

that a dire thing was 

about to befall the nations^ 
as harsh punislunent r-— 

of this ^A^ recked not. 

Saw then, after a lapse of winters, 

the upri^t Creator 

the greatest of sea-houses 

arise complete ; 



• I raspcct Uus to be SB error of the seribe for >«r. 



80 



CMDUOlfS PARAPHRA8B. 



Y 



eoidSan Ifnie* 
jqaqiaiob piS jidbe* 

lymle biS ]^^ heapbjia* 
)w lufc bpeoli pstep* 



9ft tt Hoc cpvo* 
Bcp2'^nb ii|y€|i* 
ic ^ ^T Bsfiie* 
momia leqpqft* 

)w ]^a fejuan foeak* 
jeonb beop jiaet>6|i* 
btt^'pfm^r popn* 
OD libq* b^^fnift* 
laeb fpa ic ]w hate* 
unbeji ea|ice-b^b« 
eafopan ]^fiie* 

J eopeji feopep )rfp* 
onb fa feopone jenim^ 
OD f fonb-peoeb* ' 
cabpa jehpilcef •^ 
jeteleb pimef • 
^jia ]w te mete* 
maimiim Lpge* 
J )«|ia oSqia* 



withm and witlMmty 
with lime of eaith% 
atrengthened against the floods 
tke Tesad of Noah, 
with the best (lime) : 
that is a wondrous kind, 
ever it is the harder, • 
as it the rough water, 
the swart se^streamai, 
10 /Ae harder beat* 



[67] Then to Noah said 
oar Fkesenrcr •** 
' I thee fm* this, 
most bdoTed of men, 
ivtjf covenant give, 
that thoa thy way taKest, 
and the food of the livi 
wliich thoa dialt bear 
over the ieep water, 
for a coarse of days, 
in thy sliip's bosom : 
lead, as I command thee, 
nnder the ark-boards 
thy progeny, 
the three patriardis, 
and yoar foar wives ; 
and take thoa seven, 
into that ocean-dwelling, 
of every produce, 
by nomber told, 
of those which as food 
for men Kve, 
and of tlie others 



* t. c« bttaOMB. 



C^DMON*S PARAPHRA8B. 



81 



ttlcef cp^* 

jyilce %u Of eanmn* 

eop&n (HKj tuiiiai* 

pfce onbqi prf2~l>4P^* 
pepobum jellEbe* 
]mm ye mib fceolon- 
mepe-jrl^Sb nejvi* 
f^b ppeolioe* 

o% ic ymjie Upa* 

Ii^o-p& ep;* 

peopbe unbep pobepum* 

jifman piUe* 

jeplc ]ni nu mib hfpmn* 

on f h6f puipoi. 

jftjTE pejiobc* 

ic 'pe jtfbne.pf c* 

peji>-hybi2;iie* 

]m eapc jpeolSo pypiSe* 

ipa nub eapopum* 

ic on ^bplican- 

nu opep peopon nihe* 

pfj&n Woe* 

psell-'pejn npan* 

pibpe eojiSan* 

peopepti; baja* 
paeh'Se ic pille« 
on pepap ptsEIan*' 
^ nub pae^'l^eaM* 
sehta 3 a^enb* 
eall aq>ellan. 
]m be-utan beoB* 
eapce bdpbiun* 
]K>nne ppea]it paca- 

* Line 21 must be read in 
being a parenthcaia. 



twoof cadi, 

audi aa dioo of all 

/Ae froita of eaxdi [boardi. 

Last knoun, under the wave- 

lead to Me moltitadea, 

to those who ahall wiUi the^ 

liMit ike ocean^flood. 

Feed firedy 

the living progeny^ 
It tin to the lemnanl I 

ike W9i/trj ways again^ 

by my Toice under heaven, 

win dear. [era. 

Depart thoa now widi ihjf fonow- 

into that house to go^ 

with the multitude of iijf guests; 

I know thee good, 

steadfiuit in niind,-^ 

thou art worthy of lor^ 
so of honours, with My oflbpringl 

I on the het\ 

now seven nights hence, 

win let descend 

a fatal rain from abor^ 

of Me broad earth ; 

far forty daya 

with vengeance I will 

steal on men, 

and with the billow-host 
30 owned and owner 

aU destroy 

who diaU be without 

Me ark-boardsy 

when Me swart flood 

connection with L 25 ; the three iaterreniag lines 



>f» 



82 



CJEDMOffS PARAPHRASB. 



him ya n6e jepfe* 
j-pa bine nepjenb hec* 
unbeji eapce-b^b* 
eappanb&ban* 
pejiaf on pse;-]^* 
J beojia pff fomfii)* 
3 eall f to pq^e* 
ppea aelxnihoj* 
habban polbe* 
unbeji hji6f^jiep6jL» 
to beojia ife jqan* 
fpft bun lebnibtij* 
pepoba bpibten* 
Jmpb bif p6pb abe£b* 
blm on bob* bdeac* 
beopon*p!cef peapb* 
mqie-btifef mti'S* 
mnnbum jinum* 
fQopa palbenb* 
3 j-epiabe* 
eajiceuman*' 
ijenum fpebnm* 
nqi2enb ujjeji* 
n6e bejibe* 
pinu lamecbq** 
fyx bnnb pmtpa* 
^ be nnb beajinnm* 
unbep bdpb jejrab* 
jleap mib jfiogcfSe* 
be jobef b«fe* 
bujeVum bjjinm* 
bpibcen penbe* 
pepi ppom pobepnm* 
^ eac piime Kt» 

• litenDy 



abaH bepn to rise.' 

Noah then departed^ 
aa the Preaerver bade iim, 
under the ark-boaida, 
lea^Bng his ofiapring, 
the men mto the iraTe-t 
and thdr nives with them, 
and an tbat for provision 
the Lord Ahnighty 

10 would han^ 

under the roofed Tesad, 
for thdr food wtmid give ; 
aa him the almighty 
[68] Loid of hosts 
[ 69 ] through bis word commanded 
Bebind them dosed 
heaven's kingdom's Guardian 
the sea-house's mouthy 
with his hands^ 

» the Lord of triumphs^ 
and blessed 
the aik within, 
by his own powers, 
our Preserver* 
Noah had, 
Lamech'a son, 
six hundred winteraty 
when he with his duldren 
entered under the boards, 

30 the sage with the young, 
at God's bdiest, 
with the dear diieftains. 

2nie Lord sent 
nun from heaven, 
and also amply let 

ikeir keA; from boh, hough, hetL 



CiEDMON^S PARAPHRASE. 



83 



piUe-lmpiuai* 
on jwpulb (pm2Ui* 
Of «bpa jchpepfi. 
^op-ftpeimaf* 
jjeajice fpdgan* 

frff *P r=*J»' 
ofep foeS-pealbf • 

rtpao; p«r 1 P«*«- 
feSe pseqium peolb* 
ppeah J feahee* 
min-pehlSu beapn* 
mibban-j^pbef* 
ponoaii pK26* 
pepa £M-Unb« 

byje teonan ppaoc* 
mecob on monnum* 
mepe jj^ zMp* 
on jaeje }x>lc« 
j»opepti2 baja* 
nilita o&p fpilc* 
niS psf jiJISe- 
peell-2puii pepum* 
pulbop-cynin^ep* 
5^ppscon* 
<pleafpa peoph* . 
Of jiaepC'homan* 
fidb eaDe ppeah* 
hpeoh nnbep lieop>num< 
faei-beopjap* * 
2eonb ffbne jp^mb* 
J on fonb Oi6f* 
eapce fpom eoplSan* 
3 ]m «]wlo mfb* 
]w pejnabe* 
fdfa bpihcen* 

69 



lAe wdl-brooks . 

throng on the world, - 

firom cFCiy Tcin* 

sue torrent-streams 

dark sounded, 

the seas rose 

over their shore-walls; 

strong and stem. was. . 

he who o'er the waters swajed. 
It who covered and o'erwhelmed 

the sinful scms 

of middk-earth .- r 

with /Ae dark wave ; 

men's natal lands, . 

/Am- dwellings, ravaged ; 

their mind's crimes avenged 

the Creator on men : 

the sea griped fiercely 

on fAe fitted folk. . 
so For forty days, 

and nights as many, 

the punishment was stem, 

fatally grim to men : 

the King of glory's 

waves drove 

the lives of the impious 

firom their carcases. 

Flood covered all 
^ (rough under heaven) 
30 the high mountains 

over the wide ground, 

and raised afloat 

the ark from earth, 

and with it the nobility, 

whom blessed 

• 

the Lord himself. 



84 



C£DMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



fcyppenb U]y6ji« 
fsihef fcip beleac* 
jiSSan pibe p£b* 
polcDum unbeji* 
o]%]i holmef hjunc;* 
lidj: felepx- 
f6jL mib psajaae* 
pSjie ne mofton* 
poeg-liSenbum* 
pid^ej* bjiojan* 
hxpoe hjiinon* 
ac hie ball; job* 
jrepebe ^ nejiebe* 
pjzena ftdb* 
beop ofqi binum* 
jtM)pence jldb* 
monnef elna* 
^ q* maepo pyjib* 
]»am et niehp:»ii psq-* 
nfti to 26bfle* 
njmjw heo psef fliapen^ 
on ]m hein lyjit* 
)« pe ^jop-hepe* 
eoptan tubboji* ~ 
eaUacpealbe* 
boron f eapce*bdpb* 
heolb heopona ppea* 
Yb, hine Iiali; job* 
^oe upp ppkt* - 
&> monne* 
pijifamuTn ptijan* 
jniS-pephiS cyninj:* 

XXIL 

Da jemunbe job* 
inepe->liSenbe* 



oor Creator, 

wben he closed up the 

Then rode at laigie 
under the sldes^ 
over the orb of ooean^ 
that house most excellent^ 
fared irith its store; 
gushing streams nught not 
the waFe-faring^ 

M horrors of the water, 
furiously touch; 
but them the holy God 
conducted and preserved. 
Fifteen stood 
deep over the downs 
the sea-drenchuig flood 
dlsof man. 

Tliat was an awful fate, 
from which at last was 

» nought exempt, 
unless 'twere raised 
in the high air, 
when the water-host 
earth's progeny 
an destroyed; 
[ 70 ] save that the ark-board 
the Lord of heaven held, 
when it the holy God 
eternal left on high, 

30 for man's regeneration, 
on the streams to mount, 
[71 ] the King stem of mind. 

XXIL. 

Then remembered God 
/Aesea-fiuing, 



CiEDMON'8 PARAPBRA8B. 



85 



J i^ojui pubcnb* 
pma lamediq** 
3 caDe ^ pdqie* 
)pe he piS paecjie beleac< 
ISpef leolic-jppnma* 
on Ubejf bdpne* 
jelaebbe ]« ftgukb* 
pepoba bjuhcen- 
popbe* opep pfb lanb* 
piU-^db onj^* 
lydijgui epc* 
lajo ebbabe* 

fpeapc unbeji ppe;^^* 
hcpbepdS metob* 
eap>piim <s*]Tpeam* 
«J* 5«cypp«b. 
tophc-pyne* 
pejn jcjnUeb* 
pdp pinxQ r^p* 

nibca unbep pobqium* 
p%&n nae^leb btfpb* 
ptji pelepDe* 
pldb up^abdp* 
oS f pim-2ecad* 
peSpe ^pi^e* 
baja pop's jjeftt* 
ya, on bfinum jepet* 
he£h mib hiaeptbe* 
holm-aepna nue|T« 
eapcnoq** 
]w apmenia* 



ike Lord of tniimph% 

Me son of Tjtmfchj 

and an the living beings [water, 

which lie bad inclosed against lAe 

iAe Author of life's light^ 

in the ship's bosom. 

Led then the warrior 
Lord of hosts 

a wind over the wide land ; 
the well-flood began 
again to lessen, 
the water ebbed 
dark under the firmament; 
the just CreatOT had 
from his children the dire stream 
averted, 

the bright in course 
the rain had stilled. 
77ie foamy ship rode 
a hundred and fifty 
nights under heaven, 
since that the nailed timber, 
vessel most excellenty 
the flood upraised, 
until the number 
of the £re period 
of days had passed. 
Then on the mountains sate^' 
lofty, with tit lading, 
greatest of ocean-houses* 
the ark of Noah, 
which^ Armenia 



* For |>oji^ we ooghtyWithontdooH, to read /inb, the passage being a 
lation of Gen. viiL 1 : "And God made a wind to pass over the earth."* 

^ L e. irAieA mmm/oim; the nataial order of the woids being, Tim 
MMia/«Mff, itkiA erf ca/M Armemh, the m-k ^ Npsk. grttiMi, %t., 9stt. 



sm ik9 



86 



CADMON*S PARAPBRA8E. 



Imitcti^ jynboD* 

|Tma lamechef '• 
pySpa 2^1iata- 

hponne him lipef peajib* 
jjiea ttlmihti;* 
jjiecenpa jtSa* 

^appe he p6me bjiaah* 
^ hme on pinbe* 
jeonb fibne 2pniib« 
pomie y&« 
jnbe Dspon* 

liolm fBBf heonon-peiqib< 
hadeS lansobe* 
paej-liSenbe* ■ 
jpilce pff heojia* 
npoiine hie oj: netppe* • 
j>j«ji naejleb bojib* 
opqi jcpeam-fCsSe* 
jtasppan mopxti* 
'^ op en^e 4c< -. 
«ht&Iaeban* 
Jm panbobe* 
popSpeajib papep^ 
hpaebep jincenbe* 
pi£->06b ]w 2y^* 
pl£pe unbep polcnum* 
lee J'a ymb popn bajft* 
)nep ]fe heah hhoSo* 
bopbe onpenjon* 
^ ae&luin eic* 
eopiSan tubpq** 
fiina lamechep* 
ppeapcne pleopui* 



10 



are called; 

. there awaited the holy 
soDofLamedi 
the fiuthfiil promises, 
alongspaoe^ • 
when him life's Guardian, 
the Lord almighty, 
firom hu perilous joumeyinga 
should give res^ 
for wluch he suffered much, 
when on the water him, 
orer the wide ground, 
the dark wavea 
bore a&r* 

TRe sea was eblnng^ 

f /Ic **ni^|^| n ff longeo JOT €ne nJfl€« 

/^ ware-faring, 
.thdr wives also, • 
when they from durance, 
over the nailed hoards, 
over the stream-shor^ 
nught step, • 
and from confinement out 
lead their possessions. 

Then he assayed, 
at the ship's prow, ' 

whether sinking. 
the sea-flood yet 
were under the skies : 
let then (after some days 
that the lofty mountwi-tops 
had received the treasure, 
and the chiefs also 
of earth's progeny), 
the son of Lamech 
fly a swart 



CJBDM0N*8 PARAPHRASE. 



87 



Of Mfe At* 

)^he on neob hiiiA* 
pf lie on f«pfl Ube« 
lanb ne pmbe* 
opcp fib jpvoep* 
ftompolbe* 
on pttj-^le ejpc* 
him peo p£n 2deali« 
<c pe peonb jefpeapn* 
fleocenbe bpef p« 

palpQ petqia- 
I^can nolbe* 
he ]m ymb feopon nihc* 
fpeapciim hpepne* 
op eapoe pplet* 
Kjxep flcaffji* 
opep heah pnsoep* 
hajpe culuppan* 
onfanbunja. 
hpssSep p^bnij ps* 
beep ^ syca* 
bsel flcnijne* 
2p£npe eopiSan* 
ojippen lisfbe* 
heo pibe hipe* 
pillan phce* 
'} ptLme pleah* 
no hpeSepe pejre panb< 
f heo foji pldbe* 
p6cam ne mealice* 
lanb jcfpopnan* 



[W] 



le 



raven over the deep flood, 

oat firom the htmat : 

Noah expected 

that in need he hin& 

(if on the way he . . 

found not land 

over the wide water) 

would seek 

in the wave-house agun : 

Him that hope decdved ; 

for the ezulting/oicpl perdied o 

Me floating cofpsea,— :. . 

the aallow-finthered ..:t 

would not seek him. - 

Then after seven nights lie% 
^A4P swait raven^. ^- u. •>!{»*. • 
from Me ark let out, • , . 
to fly after, 
over the deep water,, 
o livid dove, * 
on discovery, 
whether the foamy sea 
still deep 
any pait 

of the green earth 
had given up ;. .«.. 
widdy sheher ./ ' 
will sought, 
and flew fitf away, 
yet found no rest^ 
so that, for the flood, she 
with her feet might not 
perdi on land. 



• The order U« 7V« qfter teven nigkU k§/ram ihevikiwam Iwiddoee, tojtg 
qfltr lAe ittari rami, orer ikt detp waitr^ The inflcctioBS ia A. 8. obviate all 
obtcurity in the original text w 



88 



€iBDMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



ne on leap tjieopef • 
fteppan ]x>p ftjieamQm^ 
ie paqion fCeap-UeoSo- 
bepjujen mib paetjiiiiii* 
jepte fe plba pigd* 
on spennc* 
eapcefecan* 
ojpep ponne paej* 

pejujrfsan- 
hunjpi to hanba* 

halsiun jdnce* 
iSa ysBf culufjie 6fc* 
Of copm fenb^« 
ymb pucan plbe* 
peo jdbe pleah* 
o% f heo ptim«2£l« 
pept?6 pMp6* 
paejepe pinbe* 
'J ya, fdcum ptdp* 
on beam b;^e* 
jep eah bbSe-mA)* 
yssf ye heo jjejecoe^ 
jTi«e pepij. 
on tpeopep telsmn* 
copbtum mofte^* 
beo peSepa onpceoc* 
jepit fleojan epc* 
mib lacum bipe* 
biSenb bpobte- 
ele*beamef tyi^* 
in to banba* 



10 



nor on ihe tree-kaTcs 

step for Me streams; 

for ihe steep moontain-tops were 

with waters covered. 

Went the wild fowl 

ateve^ 

ihe ark to seek, 

over ihe dusky wave, 

weary to sink^ 

hungry^ into ihe hands 

of ihe holy man. 

Then was ihe dove again 
sent from ihe arkj 
alter a week: wildly 
she flew fiir away^ 
till that she^ in space exulting, 
a resting-place 
fSair found, 

and then with her feet 
stept on a tree^ 
blithe of mood rejoiced, 
because she sate 
much weary, 
on ihe tree's branches : 
on ihe lofty mast 
she shook her feathers ; 
again went flying 
with her gifts; 
sailing brought 
a twig of olive tree . 
to hand. 



• Mojr (errore tamea Kiite pro mmps), MatuM natiM tt joroiMfe exeelNi qiutvU 
in arhturt fnmM, This is the interpretation given in the SappL to Lye. I ques- 
tion its accuracy, hut am unaUe to give a better : it requires that ^ejerce should 
mean as/e, instead of 9ei ;^ tliat mojr should be an error for nurjr, and that to|ih« 
should signify /<q/iy. Judicent doctiofcs. 



CJSDMON^S PARAPHRASE. 



89 



giene hlabm* 

j]<$c-moiina fpea* 
f ptpf fP^P^P cumeii* 

H 5}*^ I* «•**!• P«P* 
ymb paean ^pibbaa* 

plbe culujrpim* 

inefenbe* 

jto efC ne ooin* 

CO bbe jleopii* 

ac beo lanb be^ear* 

jpene beappaf. 

nolbe jlabu aq^e* 

unbep pJpeb bopb*- 

jS-SiSan tetfpan* 

on ]wll-f8ejt:enne* 

]»a bipe yeapf ne jvr; 



pa CO n6e fppaec* 
nepjenb ujjep* 
beojpon-plcef peapb* 
bal^an peopbe* 
'pe If dSel-ftdl* 
jfc 2^p)Tneb* 
bjje on lanbe* 
bijo-jiSa pejc- 
faejep on polban* 
^epit on ]:pe& jjuxgui' 
Ac Of eapoe* 



[78] 



sraen Marea** 
Tben qoicUy nndentbod 
the ducf <^ marinera^ 
tbat comfort was oom^ 
kis painful joomeyings' 
Again tbe blessed nuuij 
after /Ae third wedc, 
anild dome 
sent, 

wbicb not agun came 
flying to the vesad, 
but sbe guned land, 
green groTCs; 
she glad would not ever, 
under the pitched boards, 
afterwards appear, 
in that storied hold, 
when she had no need* 



Then to Noah spalce 

our Preserver, [dom, 

the Guardian of hcaren's king* 

with holy voice :— 

' To thee a habitation is 

again assigned, 

favour in the land, 

rest from thy watery journey ings 

fair on earth: 

Go forth in peaoe^ 

out of the ark. 



• jalfcb bojib^ i iv tr i ett ^ doma», mam$h, hotpitinm, a Godi. 
and bojib iomm$. Thus Lye inteqirets the expression. I ndier suppose it to 
signify the iolvtd ho€ard, in ellosion to the bitumen, or other 
with which the ark was rendered water-tight, from jealpan to 
" And thou shalt pitch it within and without with pitch.*** 



ri.14. 



90 



CiBDMON^S PARAPHRASE. 



^ on eojiVan beajim* 
^ Jnuii licfii-liope* . ' ' ' 
lupftn Isb ]m*^. 
^ ealle ]»a foqie* 
1^ ic ps2~]^p6ft* 
on UiSe nejie^* 
]wnben la^o Iiaepbe* 

iTubba eSyl*. 

Ii6 j:jieiu6b6. jrpit* 

^ jfpean bypbe* 

ftah opep ftpeam-peall* 

fpa lum feo ftepi bebedb 

lajfUm nuclnni* 

3 alaebbe >•• _ 

V P«j->de. . 

fpaSpalape- . . 

]>a noe onjan* 

nep^enbe Uc* . 

ju§bfKp: pefSjian* 

^ jiecene jentm* 

on^ eallam biQ* 

clitaim finvm* 

&m "Se him to bujeSmn* 

bpihcen fealbe* 

jleap to ^am pdbe* 

^ ]m 2obe fdpim* 

tophtmA lueld* 

tibep onjaegbe* 

cymnje en2la« , 

Inipn cnS bybe* 

ncjijcnb ii]ye|i* 

^ he n6e« 

2ebletpbe* 



and on to earth's bosom^ 
from the low honse^ . 
lead thou thjf famfly^ 
and an the living creatares, 
that I^ from /Ae peril of the wavea, 
saved on the mountain's side;, 
while the water had .- . 
covered with tte mass • 
a third of the cowitry/ 

IS He did so, 

and the Lord obeyed, 
over the stream-wall passed, 
as him the voice commanded, 
with great delight ; . 
and then led, . ; > 
from the wave-structore, 
[ 74 ] the remnant of the rebellious. 
Then Noah bc^an . . 
an offering to the PreSferve r , 

» the firm of purpose to the stem 
and forthwith took [Deity ^ 

a part of an 
his possessions, 

from those which him for wealth 
the Lord had given, - 
the prudent for that sacrifice, 
and then to Ood himself 
the chief bright of mind . 
his offering dedicated, .• 

30 to the King of angds. 
Moreover made manifest 
our Preserver, 
when he Noah ' 
blessed 



• I doubt the accuncy of my trmntktton of this vsrte. 
^ For on I laspcct we tboold read oj. 



CiBDH0N*8 PARAPHRASR. 



91 



^ hif beapn pnneb* 
)^ lie )^ 2>'^b on ]miic* 
i^pen luejpbe* . 
? on jjBOffA'hSbe^ 
jdbum biSbiun* « 
fl§p -gdeBjincb* 
]ya hun ealjuk p«r« 
<]Ukqt?e* 
Klmihn; job* 
Mmpaeft biije^* 
]m 2}T bpihcen cp«V< 
pilbpef ealbofi* 
p6jibt6 n6e« 
tymaV n6 ^ nebjittS* 
ttpef bjmca'B* 

mib jjiftin ]:ji5^* 
fyllaS eojiiSan- 
eall^cfoeaV* • 
eop If eSel-jrA* 
holmef blacfC* 
^ heofon-pijia** 
^ pilba beop* 
on jepealb j^pealb- 
eop& seljjitne* 
^ eacen peoli* 
naeppe 2« nub Udbe* 
beob»2cpeopba« 
uniplice* 
eoppe JncjeaV* 
bepmcen nub fynne< 
papl-bpeopo* 
aelc bme pelpa* 
i^pejT bejpmbeS^* 



and his children alao^ 

thathe (Noah)thato8eringgrate- 

had giTen, [folly 

and in his yoiifhy 

by gooddeedsy 

had whilom merited^ 

when to him was of aU 

richei as an abondant lonice 

almighty God» 
!• powerful in good* 

Again /Ae Lord spake, 

/Ae Chief of glory, . 

words to Nosh ^— 

' Teem now and propagate, 

enjoy dominion, 

peace with delight ^ 

fill /Ae earthy . 

increase all fAtngt; . 

to you is a habitation^ 
so 4he burthen of the sea, 

the fowls of heaven, 

and the wild beasts^ 

m power given^ 

/Atf all-green earth, 

and increasing cattle t 

Never do ye with Uood 

your table-meals 

impiously 

take, 
ao defiled with sin, • . 
[75] with blood of life: 

.Eachhimself 

first depriveth 



* Tlift sense requires that we shoiiM read jvslaj. 

^ I im nnsble to assign any other interpretation of the word besjiinbaa than 
that given in Lyt, and which» though formed, it seems* merely from the coateit* 
is pnAtsbly the correct one. - .... 



92 



CJEDMON'S PARAPHRASE. 



^aj'tiej' bojeSiiiii* 

fxptL^ ^ nub 2^pef opbe* 

cfSpum albop oS^junjcS* 

ne ^eapp lie yf ebleane j/eptAk' 

mdb-jeyanoe* 

ie ic moDnef jseoph^* 

n> fla;^ feSe* 

fpiSofi nude* 

'J to bpoSoji-lnuiaii- 

y»Y ft bldb-2yte* u 

pttll-j^ll pepq-* 

paepnum 2^rpcbeS« 

nxqvS mib mmibiiiii* 

mon p«f to 2<^bq-* 

anlicuejjie* 

ftpeft jejxeapen* 

aelc hapi^ mi^-plite* 

metobef ^ enjla* 

]«Iia ]^ healban pile* 

halite ^apaf • % 

peaxaB 3 ppibaB* 

plna bpucsB* 

ijia on eopVan* 

««elam jyUaV- 

eoppe j^om-cynne* 

p)lbaQ fceatap* 

ceamum j cubjie* 

ic eop tpeopa ytef* 

mine peUe* 

f ic on mibban-jeapb* 9 

noqi^e ^op*liepe« 

epc 26Uebe« 

paetep opep pfb lanb- 



of Att aooPs bap^nen 

wboy with wagon's poin^ 

life firom anoCber foroetb; 

be need not cxah at bis icwafd, 

in kii mind's tbongbtSy 

for I num's life 

win require of the shyer 

mncb fAemoie^ 

and of tbe fratricide 

for tbat he Uoodabed^ 

slangbter of man, 

witb weapons perpetraietb, 

murder witb hi$ bands. 

Man was to God's 

fikeness 

first sbapeni . 

eacb batb the image 

of the Creator and the angds ; 

tbose tbat irill observe 

tbe boly ordinances 

sball wax and flourisb, 

enjoy dedres, 

ricbes on eartb. 

mi witb your noble 

offspring 

the regions of eartb, 

witb your families and progeny. 

I to yon for tbis my pledge 

will pvt, 

tbat I upon mid-eartb 

the torrent>-bo8t never 

again will lead, 

the initer o7er the wide land : 



• MS. and Joaim frnpt, 

^ My tnuulatioD of this and of the three following loict is rather in conformity 
with the text of Scripture than from any jtuthority for jreVe in the «( 
of rtquire : this verb does not seem to occur dsewhcre. 



CiEDM0N*8 PARAPHRA8B. 



93 



2e on polcnnm ^Cf • 

ofC jdome* * 

';ipet-c<oeii« 

oiajon pccftjnjio* 

]K>nne ic fcAp-bopoi* 

mfnne lepe* 

f ic moimum ftf* 

]wnben populb ftanbeS* 

Ca pvj* pe piotpft* 

prnu lamebef • 

Of F^jie acumen* 

pI6be on lapee* 

nub hif eafopum ^pim* 

yppcr h^be. 

'J heojia peopep pfp. 

n^mbe p»pon* 

pepcoba olla* 

olliua oUiuani*- 

p9epp8S]i7 mecob* 

paetpa Ujre* 

hade's- hyje ptfjie* 

bfeene psepon* 

fona ndef • 

f^m ^ cham* 

lajzet J^ibba* 

j^om ]yam 2uni«pmcam< 

f olc ^dubon- 

1 jepylleb peapV* . 

monna beapnuni:* 



of tUa ye in the akica 
fun oft 

a aenaible token * 
may behold^ 
when I my ahowei4xyv 
display, 

that I widi men thia 
compact nudc^ 
while the world atandctli.* 
!• Then was the wise 
son of Xiamech 
come from the Tessd, 
after ^Aeflood, 

with hia three aons, 
guardians of ike heritage, 

and their four wiTes; 

these were called 

Peicoba, OUa, 

OUi va, Olli vam ; 
» the righteoua lord, 

mth the surnvorsfinom the waters. 

The chiefs renowned 

were called, 

Noah's sons, 

Shem and Ham, 

the third Japhct. • 

From these patriarcha 

descended nations;, 

and waa filled 
30 all this mid-earth * 

with the children of men. 



Satoni and Solomon, in 'Analects Anglo-Saxonica»' p.97. 






94 



CJEDM0N*8 PARAPHRASE. 



XXIIIL 

Dante cmjan* 
mpan ftepie* 
nub Ueo-mi^am« 
htm ftatelian- 
3 to eop^ui him* 
aetef tilian* 
pon J poplite* 
pfn-2«apb yetce* 
feop )t§ba fela- 
fobte 2^oiuie* ' 
]^ him plite beqplite* 

JIKJtUlftJ* bpo]lt6* 

2d[p-tO]ilite ppe* 
2ji£ne folbe* - 
Ca f 2eeobe* 
f ft eabe^a pep* 
on hif picum peaplS- 
pfne bpuncen* ' 
nwf ryn^bel-pepij. 
J him felp fceap* 
paap Of Uce* 
fpa s^pyr^e ne psf • 
lae; J^a hm-nacob* 
he lyt onjeat* 
j^ hmi on hif mne* 
jja eapme jelamp* 
]>a hmi on hpeSpe* 
heapob^jymia* 
on ymy haljan hope* 
heoptan dypte* 
fpiSe on fhepe* 
jepL neappobe* 
j^ he ne mihte* 
on 2€m^b-bpepen* 



XXIIII. 

Then Noah began 

anew m concert * . 

with Air kindred, ^ 

to fomid a home^ 

and on earth for himself 

to prepare food. 

He laboured and wrought, 
, a vineyard let, . - 
[76] sowed many aeedsj 
10 sought diligently,- -• 

when to him, in beauty splendid, 

fruits should bring, 

bright yearly gifts, 

the verdant earth. • 
Then it chanced 

that the blessed man^ 

in his dwelling, was 

with wine drunken, 

slept, with feasting weary, 
so and himself qsst - 

the garment firom his body, 

so as was not seemly. . 

Then he lay naked of limb; 

he little knew 

that to him, in his abode* 

it would fall out so iU, - 

tr/int, in his breast, -. 

a swimming of the head, 

in the holy man'i house, 
ao seized his heart; 

strongly, in his sleep, 

his senses were narrowed, 

so that he might not, 

in his mind's swoon. 



CiBDMON*8 PARAPHRASE. 



93 



hme hanbam felp* 
nub b)uesle fpftm* 
J fcconM Jwccsn* 

pejium 'J jtpua* 
fiSSan fulbpef ^epi* 
ujyimi psbqi j iii6be j 
]pyp6ii€ j'p0O|ib0* 
on hfee bekac* 
Ujief eSel* * ' 
a com lljiqi:* 
cam mpfiian* 
eajpojuk ndqf- 
)wji hif albop laej* 
jsejib^ ]X>pftolen* 
Jyaeji be jipeonblice* 
on bif <2enum jaebep 
<pe ne polbe* 
^epeapian* 
ne ysi fceonbe bupu* 
bleo-mi^um belan* 
ic be Uibenbe* 
bpoiSpnm faejbe* 
bu pe beopn bme* 
p^fce on pecebe* 
bie ]ya paSe ftdpon* 
beopa anbpbtan* 
mbepp]2enum« 
unbep loSum bftum* 
f bie leopim men* 
jetfce j^jfpemebe** 
jdbe pepon be2en* 



[77] 



bimaelf^ witb kis band% 

witb his gannent oofcr, 

and nakedness conceal, 

as the precepts were 

to men and women, 

since tbat the minister of glory 

to our fiitber and motber, 

witb fiery sword, 

bebind them closed 

fAe land of life.' . . 

Tben came first 
Ham entering^ - 
Noab's son, 
where bis parent lay 
of life deprived ; 
tbere be kindly . 
on bis own father, 
nitb reverence woold not 
look, 

nor the shame at least 
firom Air kinsmen bide, 
bat he^ laughing, 
to his brothers said^ 
how the chief 
was resting in his boose. 
They then quiddy stept^ 
their feces 
wrapped 

carefully imder ihevr mantles, . 
that they to the bdoved man 
might afford succoor. 
Good were both. 



• My TOBion of line 27 requires that we should resd sejjicmcfboa ia the pla* 
rel ; hat repeated instances occur, in subsequent parts of the poem, of a verb 
with a singular tennination joined to a plnnl nominative. Tht phrase je^ce 
zei^pemc^ occurs also in Beowulf, p. 16, L 4. 



96 



CiEDMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



10 



l€m -J lajxS- [ 78 ] 

iSa oj: fb£pe onbju^b* 

jfDiiii limehej* 

3 y^ f6na onjeat* 

f him cyne 2^uni' 

ch^ ne polbe* 

y^ hun paef ajie J'eapj:* 

aenije cyiSan* 

hylbo ^ tpeopa* . 

jiji oa mdbe* ^ 

cmjan ]m hif felfef beapn* 

pdpbum yyji^etoi* 

CfaeS he pej-an fceolbe- 

hean unbeji heopium* 

Meo-masa ^eop« 

cham on eojCpwi* 

him ]>a cfj^ jyS^an- 

'J hif )^om-cyime« 

j^cne fcdbon* 

]« nyccabe* . ' ,. . 

nfcpSISaii* 

mib jonum finum* 

ffbanpfcq** 

%jieo hunb pmtjia* 

JnjTer llfef. 

fjkeo men ejztep fl6be« 

1 Pftij eac ]Fa he fojiiS jepic 

p[8San hif eapojian* 

eab bjiyttebon* 

heajma fcp^bon* 

him paef heopht pehi* 

Ca peapf lajieiSe- 

2,ea^cb ajxbeb* 

h^hthc heopV-pepob* 

heapob-miKSa* 



Shem and Japhet. 

Then firom sleep awoke 
the son of Lamech, 
and then stndght peroeived 
that to himj by nature good^ 
Ham would not^ 

when respect to him was needful, 
manifest any 
love and fidth ;— - - 
that to the holy man was 
in mind painful : . 
then he b^an-his own child . 
with words to curse, 
said he should be 
abject under heaven ; 
his brethren's servant 
Ham should be on earth. 
Him these words, in aftertimes, 
and his posterity, 
o'erwhelmed with woe. 

Then enjoyed 
Noah afterwards, 
with his sons, 
the ample realm, 
three hundred winters 
of this life, 

free men after the flood, 
and fifty eke, when he went hence. 
His sons afterwards 
enjoyed prosperity, 
b^at children : 
to them was shining wealth. 

Then to Japhet was 
a youthful offspring bom, 
a joyous fiunOy 
of princes. 



C£DM0N*8 PARAPHRASE. 



97 



pina ^ bohcpa- 

he jwr Hf* ^* 
heolb i jilce* 
etSel-bpeamaf* 
blsb nub beapnum* 
gS P bpeofca hopb* 
2afC ellop jrfif • 
2an2&n fceotbe* 

t6 2o^r Mo^^* 
jeomop piSSan* 
)3ebep fletc-jefccalb' 
j^eonbum bi§lbe* 
fpasfum J jepbbam- 
puiuiapeSq-* 
)wf teamef pef • 
tubbop jcfylleb* 
iiiiljtel bi§l. 
eop^San jjeyceafOL* 
J7»ilce chamef puio* 
cenbe pupbon* 
eafopan on elSIe* 
]ya ylbeftan- 
cbtif ^ cbirn* 
hicene pK^pon* 
jail jpeokce j»opli* 
ppum-beapn chAnep • 
chtif pftf »%eliim* 
beafob-pffa* 
pilna bpjtta* 
*] populb-bujeCa* . 
bpo%pum finum* 
botl-jeftpeona* 
pebep on Ufte* 

Aim Of lice* 



[79] 



10 



sons and daoghters. 
He w himsdf goody 
ever possessed domimon^ 
domestic pleasoresy 
prosperity with his children^ 
till that Me treasure of hi$ breast, 
Au spirit^ elsewhere quickly 
mnstdepaity 
to the doom of God. 
Gomer afterwards 
Ait &ther's dwdling-place 
deakd to his friends 
dear^ and his rdafttons, 
Japhefs son. 
From tlus fSunily* was 
posterity replenished^ 
no small part 

of earth's creatures. 
In like manner of Ham, sons. 

were bom^ 

children in the land, 

the eldest 

Cush and Canaan 

werecalledy 
. of soul most liberal^ 

Ham's firstborn, 

Cush of men was 

chief rukr^ 

dispenser of desires 

and worldly goods 

to his brothers^ 

of household treasures, 

after his &ther» 

when that departed hence 

Ham from the body. 



• Literally tkU 



98 



CJSDHON*S PARAPHRASE. 



ftL him qwalm ^qpceob* 
fe maj^paefpa* 
iiuej^o6 fiDp0* 
btfmaf jae^be* 
olS f hif bqjojia pep* 
pfm aipnen- 
]^ fe pine ageap* 
eop'S-cunbe eab* 
fohee o^ji lfp« 
jaebepne bpeSep** 
fjium-beapn fiSSan* 
eapopa chAper* 
ypfe-ftdle peolb* 
pib-mlfipe pep* 
fpa up jeppita pe^eaiS- 
f he mon-cynnep* 
maepte haepbe* 
on Jyam ini§l-4>2^jiim« 
msjen ^ ptjienjQ* 
pe p«p babylonep* 
bpejo picep ppama* 
l§pept aeSehn;^* 
e«el-«p^ onhtfp. 
pymbe ') pi§pbe* 
peopb pscp ytL jieta* 
eoplS-baenbum* 
Injemaene:* 



When him [Cwh] death o*enrhelm- 

The Idndied chief [Gumb] [ed. 

to his tribe 

pronounced judgements, 

tin that of his days was 

the number run out; 

then the prince resigned 

earthly happiness, 

sought another life. 
10 Of his father's brother 

the firstborn, then, . 

the son of Cudi,- 

hdd the hereditary seat, 

a man fitf -fiuned, 

as the Scriptures tell us ; 

so that, of all mankind, he 

had most, 

in those days, 

power and strength. 
» He of Babylon was 

lordj the empire's founder : 

first of princes, he 

Arf country's majesty exalted, 

increased and reared. 

The language was as yet, 

of dwellers upon earthy 

one universal. 



Splice op d[mep* 
cneopippe pdc* 
pep-mae^a fela< 
op yzm pib pole- 
cneo-pfm micel* 



Thus from Ham's 

fiunily arose 

many tribes of men, 

from whom a wide-spread people, 

a great progeny. 



* That k» of Canaan, Hie person meant, though not named, it 
of Cntlw who tueeecdcd lut paternal onde Canaan. 



•on 



CiEDMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



99 



cenneb p«]UMi* 
^ peajilS f^me- 
pina J bohcpa* 
on populb-plce* 
pojm ajxbeb* 
fjieojia beajiina* 
«p ^n pyplS-cujie* 
pmcjium pvl*peftt« 
pepobcf albop* 
on ]wjie nuej;S€« 
pejion men tile* 
ytqoLin pep* 
€bepli£cen* 
eapopa p^mep- 
op l^ttm eople pdc- 
Anplm^eoba* 
]?a nu aelSelinjap* 
eaUe eopiS-lmenb- 
ebpei hataV* 
^epicon him )ra eajran- 
aehta lieban* 
peoh '} peopme* 
pole pep Aimob- 
p6pe pmcap* 
pobton p6mpe lanb* 
aS f hie becomon. 
cop%pum midum* 
pole pepenbe* 
l^aep hie psptkce* 
sISelmsa beapn* 
capb jenamon. 
jepeccon ]ya pennap* 
ptbne '} plbne% 
leoba paeppan* 
leopum mannmn heopa* 
S^ip-bapim* 

b2 



[80] 



were born. 

Then to Shemwaa 
of sons and daughterly 
in /Ae world's Idngdom, 
brought forth u number 
of noble diildrcn, 
ere that preferred . 
to winters his death*bed 
the people's dder. 

In that tribe 
ike men were good; 
of these one was 
Eber called^ 
the sonof Shem; 
from that earl sprang 
nations unnumbered, 
which people now^. 
all dwellers upon earth, 
call Hebrews. [east, 

7%eie then departed from the 
leading their possesaon^ 
cattle and stores : 
the folk was unanimous, 
renowned men ; 

they sought a land more spadoos, 
till that they came, 
in great multitudes, 
the travelling people 
to where they firmly 
{the children of men) 
a habitation took. 
Then they occupied Shinar, 
spadoua and wide, 
the people^s chieftains^ 
with thdr bdoved 
in days of yore. 



100 



CiBDMOirS PARAPHRASE. 



jpsejpo polbsD* 
bun fojiSpeqibe* 
on &epe bafi^-^^fbe* 
bnjiiSe poejion* 
pilna jebpilcer* 
peaxenbe fpeb* 
%a ]Kep mon nuenij* 
be bif xnaej-pine- 

««elin5 <nmob- 

otSqmebaeb* 

|nef bie bim to maep^- 

i£p feo menjeo ep:« 

jeonb folban beapn* 

ropaium fceolbe* 

leoba maejSe* 

on bmb-focne* 

bupb jiepofHtkte* 

3 to beacne topp* 

tip apflgpbe- 

to pobop-tnnjlnm- 

yxf "pe bie sefobton* 

pennepa pdb* 

fpa y^L pop€*nieahti20« 

folcep paejpan* 

y^ jlbeftan* 

opt 'J 2^1ome« 

hSjiim 2^punebon* 

lijinm pobton* 

pqiap to peopce* 

3*to ppobtpape* 

oS f pop plence* 

3 pop ponb;^bum* 

cyiSbon cpaept beopa« 

ceajrpe popbton* 

3 to beopnum Ap- 



7%e green plauia 
of bireartb 
forward to them^ 
attbattime^ 
were in produce ; 
of erery tbmg to be dedred 
was an increasbg plenty. 
Tben tbere many a one 

of bis Ifinaniam 

!• {each man witb one accord 

anotber) prayed^ 

tbat tbey, in gloiy to tbemselves, 

(ere the moltitnde again 

among the sons of eartb 

sbould journey, 

the tribes of nations; . ^ 

in seaicb of land,) 

migbt found a dty^ 

and, for a sign, a tower 
90 up migbt rear 

to the stars of beaven; 

after tbat they bad sought 

the plains of Slunar. 
Thus the prepotent 

chieftadns of the folk, 

tbeddest, 

oft and frequently 

lived in pleasures, 

sought by guOes 
3b * men to that work, 

and to crime, 

till tbat for arrogance^ 

and for madness, 

they their craft manifested ; 

a city wrought, . 

and up to heaven . 



CADM0N*8 PARAPHRASB. 



101 



paennene peall* 
opep monna jemee* 
mvpCa jfiopoe' 
lueleS nub lionba* 
yti com balls Z^* 
pejia cneojuffa* 
peojic fceap^^* 
bcojuia liupli-jpKfcen* 
3 f beaoen fomeb* 
]w to pobepum 6p* 
ju§pan ODjvDUkoii* 
abamef eajpopan* 
'J 'pmf Anjiaeber* 
|TiS-fephS cjnuis* 
jreojie j^jipeiiiebe* 
]m h£ ji&Se m6b* 
peopbe 2«fecce* 
copiS-buenbom* 
iinseboe* 

^ bie ]wpe fpaeoe* 
jpeb ne abcon* 
]^a bie 2cimtoon* 
mihcom j^pebje- 
ceocbe aec toppe- 
jecalum mj'clum* 
peopcep pifan* 
ne Jyaep pep-maejSa* 
enij pifte* 
bpflec oSep qwB* 
ne meabce bie 2cpup{San 
peall jxaenenne* 
tip p>pS nmbpan- 
ic bie eapmbce- 
beapum robldbon* 



ladders reared, 

▼igoraady raised 

the sUmy rampart, 

above men's standard, 

for glory eager, 

the people with their bands. 

Tben came the boly God, 

of the progeny of men 

the work to vieifj 
10 the cbieftains' urban fastness, 

and tbat beacon also, 

wbicb, upward to the sides, 

torear b^an 

the sons of Adam : 

and for Ibis ill design 

the King stem of mind 

framed a pumsbment, - 

wben, wrotb of mood, be 

made the tongues 
» of eartb's inbabitants 

unlike; 

tbat of tbat speecb tbey 

no benefit migbt bave. 
Wben tbey met, 

in migbt abounding, 

the leaders at the tower, 

in numbers great, 

the work's directors ; 

tbere, of the tribes of men, not 
» any knew 

wbat otber said ; 
[SI] nor migbt tbey agree 

the stony rampart 

upward to construct ; 
* but tbey miserably 

in bodies separated. 



102 



C£DMON*S PARAI^RASE. 



10 



UeoiSpum jebaelbe- 

maej-buph jijieinbe* 

jtSiSan metob tobpaeb- 

yvLjik hif nuhta fpeb* 

monna fppaeoe- [ ^^ ] 

eofdjian ]ni- 

on feapeji pegaf • 

teSdm^a beapn- 

finjel^eobe* . 

on lanb^focne* 

him on lafte bu- 

ftiiShc ftAi-topp- 

-J feo fteape bupli* 

jtunob jtunpopb^* 

on pennap ftdb* 

peox )^a unbep poknum* 

^ppiSabe- 

miej-bupj p(ni€|** 

08 f mon apdc* 

on ]nepe cneopifpe* 

cyne-beapna p1m« 

]?ancol->niob pep* 

yeayum b^^bij- 

papbon )^am sSehn^e* 

eapopan acenbe* 

mbabilone* 

beapn aj^beb* 

fpeotaca ca* 

3 fa ppum-i^muui- 

baeleS nije ptfpe- 

hdtene pspon* 

abpabam ^ tijion* 

)^ain eopluin psp* 

).-pea en^la b<m* 



in aonnds divided : 

toother was 

become each 

tribe a stranger^ 

after the Lord had scattered 

through dint of liis might 

the speech of men. 

Then departed 
on four ways 
the sons of meoy 
dispersed^ 
in search of land : 
behind them, both 
the nigged tower of stone^ 
and the steep boigbj 
alike halfwwrougfat, 
on Shinar stood. 

Then under heaven waxed^ 
and flourished . 
the race of Shem, 
until that one nused up 
in that fiunDy 

a number of princdy children^ 
a man of grateful mind, 
in manners heedfuL 

To that man 
was offspring bom 
in Babylon, 
children brought forth, 
two comdy oner; . 
and those patriarchs, 
renowned chiefii, 
were called 
Abram and Hanou 
Was to those earls 
both, the Lord of angels 



CJBDH0N*8 PARAPHRASE* 



103 



ppeoob* 3 albo|i* 

eapopa febeb* 

leoflic oo li|pe* 

ISam p«r lodi noma- 

%a mago-pincaf • 

metobe jej'unjon- 

abpaham ^ lodi* 

uofopcuiShce* 

fpa bun pjiom ^Ibjium* m 

ariSelu pvpon* 

on populb-pSce* 

foji'Son hie pibe nu* 

bojeSum bJmsB* 

bpihta bea]inum :• C 33 ] 

p9L )wf melef pcf • 

meapc a^onjen* 

f him abjiaham* 

ibefe bpohoe- 

pSp to htine* » 

)raep he pSc ahte* 

pejep 3 fjieolic- 

feo paemne paef • 

fappa hfeen- 

p«f }« uf fecjeaiS bfe* 

hie J^a pintpa pela- 

populb bjiyttebon*' 

pnc aetpomne* 

pbbe heolbon* 

jetfpa menjeo* jo 

no hpstpe pjeCe peapIS* 

abpahame Jra 2ft* 

j^ hun yppe-peapb* 

pbte-beophc ibep* 

* MS. and Joniiit fjitoh, tbc icribe having cndently neglected to write 
line over the o ( d ), equivalent to oa« 



friend and patrao* 

Tlien waa to Haran 
j0 ton boniy 
lovdy in life, 
whoae name waa LoC 
Tlieae Idnsmen 
worshipped tie Lord, 
AbramandLo^ 
nndissembluiglyj 
aa to ihein^ from their eldera, 
Meir natuiea werc^ 
in the world'a kingdom ; 
therefore they widdy now 
by their virtues judge 
the children of nations. 

Tlien of the time waa 
lAe limit paased, 
that for him Abram 
should bring a femak^ 
a wife to hie homc^ 
to where he had a dwelling, 
fidr and goodly. 
The damsel waa 
called Sarahj 
from what books tell ns« 
. They then many winters 
enjoyed the world, 
their wealth together 
held in peace, 
many years; 
yet waa it notj^Ten 
to Abram as yet, 
that liim hdrs 
the woman bright in beauty 



104 



CiBDMONS PARAPHRASE. 



on populb bpohce* 
fapjia ab]ialuan6* 
pma ;] bdhc|ia- 
^efit hun ^ mib cnofle* 
opeji calbea p>Ie- 
pcpan nub peopni6« 
jaebeji abpahame]-* 
piotoji nub jepbbmn* 
feceanpolbe* 
cananea lanb* 
bme cneop-ma^f • 
mecobe ^^cdpene* 
mib-jiSebon- 
Of yxjie eSel-typj:* 
abjiaham ^ lotb- 
bun fa cyne jtfbe* 
on cappan* 
vSehnffL beapn- 
eapb ^enamon- 
pepaf nub pfpun* 
on )mm pfcum bq** 
pebep abpahimef • 
peopb jefealbe- 
posjijaej'C bade* 
pmtpa baepbe* 
tpa bunb teontij* 
jeteleb pime* 
jppteBC* 
y^L be pofK %ey6c» 
nujjepum fptfb- 
metobfceapt fedn* 
iSa je baija rppsc- 
beopon-pfcef peapb- 
to abpabatnc* 
^ bpibcen* 
2«pit ^u n6 f qian* 



into the world abould bnngy 

Sarab to Abram, 

sons and daugbters. 

Departed iben witb ih family, 

over the Cbaldsan nation 

to journey witb his itockj 

the fatber of Abram ; 

the sagacious witb his Idnsfolk 

would seek 
10 Canaan's land* 

Him his relatives, 

by the Lord cbosoi, 

accompanied 

from tbat country^ 

Abram and Lot. 
7%e good by nature tben for tbem 

in Harran, 

the cbildren of men^ 

took an abode, 
so the busbands witb their wives* 

In ibese dwellings 

Abram's fatber 

bis life resigned; 

the rigbteous cbief 

bad winters 

two bundred, 

in number told, 

and five also, 

wben be departed, 
30 stricken in yearn, 

to see the Godbead* 
Tben spake tbe boly 

Guardian of beaven's kingdom 

to Abram, 

the Lord eternal : — 

' Depart tbou now journeying. 



N*8 PARAPHRASB. 



105 



-J ]Ffiie fipe Itfbui* 
ompaf CO CDOpe* 
cappam ojpp* 
ppbep eSd-fCitfl* 
jaji jpa ic ]w imcc* 
monna kopofC* 
3 ^ mfnum pel* 
Upiim hype* 
-) ymc lanb j^p^* 
^ ic ^ el2peii6* 
ypan pille* 
bpibefolban* 
ya jiehlexjtb pcealc* 
on mnnbbjpbe* 
minpe bpjao. 
pp «e aenij. 
cop^buenbpa* 
mib pe<n 2P^^^* 
ic hme pep^So on* 
mine petce* 
3 mdb-hcte* 
lon^ruiDDe niS* 
bfpe pelle* 
pilna psejrme* 
ysan ]w pnpfiialS- 
puph ^ eopiS-buenbe< 
ealle onptflS* 
polc*beapn j^eoSo* 
3 jcpeonbpcipe* 
blifpe minpe* 
-J blecpinje* 
on populb^plce* 
ppiSenbe pceal* 
mapjSe J^Inpe* 
mon-pfm pepui- 
rpi*e unbep jpejle* 



[S*] 



and leading thy CunQf ^ 

/Ay cattle for progeny ; 

Harran renoonoej 

/Ay fother*a country ; 

go as I command thee;, 

moat beloved of men, 

and do thou well my 

precepts obey, 

and sedc the land 

all green which I to thee 

will showj 

a wide country : 

thou bletaed shalt, 

in my protection 

life: 

if thee any 

of earth's inhabitants 

With evu greety 

I my curse on him 

wiUsety* 

and my hatred, 

lengthened enmity : 

comforts will /give, 

fruit to their deures, 

to those who honour /Aar. 

Through thee the dwellers upon 

shall all recdve ~ ~ [earth 

(/Ae children of the nations) 

and 



om: 



my bliss 

and blessing, 

in the world's 

increasing shall 

of ihy tribe 

the number be, 

abundantly under hearcn. 



106 



CJBDH0N*8 PARAPHRASE; 



fannm j bohtjium- 

folbe peoplSeS* 

]?eob-IoDb mcni^* 

^ine jefyUeb* 

bun y^L abpaham jjeftt* 

aehtefafiban* 

Of Cj^iptA* 

etd-meapoe* 
jmn-^jtiini jA* 
2oIbe ^j feoljpe* 
rpiSfeojim 3 jefsel^* 
fpa bun j^o|ia pe^ib* 
palbe&b Qjyeji* 
]niph bif ptfjib abetb* 
ceapaf ppom capjian* 
fobtmi canan&* 
lonb ^ leob-2^a}ib* 
^ €om leo; jobe* 
on ^ eSd-tapf • 
ibepili^Mui* 
fpasfe jebebban* 
^ bif fobcpian* 
pSf onpillan* 
pmtjia baqpbe- 
pf 3 bonb j-eojxmt^- 
%a be fijian fceolbe- 
cappan of^psu* 
^ cneop-mapq** 
bun yti pejian j^pfe* 
jaebep ebn]bti2ef • 

lanb fceajnan* 
^eonb y^L folc-fceape* 
be fpean befe* 
abpabam pibe* 



[85] 



10 



witb sons and dangbters, 
tin tbat witb thjf offiBpring 
f Ae eartb sbaO be 
(many a natioo) 
fined.' 

Abramtben departed, 
leading hi$ wealtb 
fsom ihe Egyptians' 
oonntry nmity 
(in wealtb abundant, 
gold and nlTer, 
bold and foitanate,) 
aa bim the Lord of triumpbs, 
onr Ruler^ 

tbroogb bis word conunanded, 
{his goods firom Harran.) 
They sougbt the Canaanites' 
hnd and territory. 

Tben came the friend of God 
into tbat coontry, 
leading the women, 
the dear sbaier of hie bed, 
and bis brother's son's 
wife winingl J. 
Winters Aebad 
five and seventy, 
wben be must travel, 
Harran forsak^ 
and his kinsmen. 
Tben he went journeying, 
of the almigbty Father's 
precepts mindful, 
the land to view, 
among tbe nation-hordes 
at the Lord's behest, 
(Abram widely) 



CiBOMON*8 PARAPHRA8B. 



107 



M jmn con* 

cynne cananeir* 

^a hioe Gjnin; eogla* 

abpahame* 

lepbe r^fa* 

3 bjuliten cpvS* 
yif If feo eojite* 
^ ic eljiieiie* 
tabpe )^lnum- 
tophce pille* 
pKjtmum 2^1^** 
on 2^pealb bda* 
piime pSce* 
]« fe piDC jobe* 
pi-beb pophoe* 
3 l^a palbenbe* 
Upef leoht-fpnman* 
Uc onfsejbe* 
^afta helme* 
hun l^a jyt jepic* 
abpaham eaftan* 
ea^um plican* 
on lanbe c^* 
b]j6 jemunbe* 
beo}x>n-peapbef j^bfe* 
];a him ^uph balij popb< 
PXopa pelf cynmj- 
pdiS jecySbe* 
oiS j^ bpiht-pepap* 
bupij^um jep^pan* 
]?»p If bod pela^* 



!• 



[86] 



tin that the chief xaowned 
to Sidicin cam^ 
in ki$ journey pr osperooay 
to /Ac Ida of Canaan. 

Then lAe dig of angela 
to Abram 
liimaelf rereakdy 
(firm Judge of naliona); 
and ike Lord aaids— » 
'Thia is the earth 
all-green which I 
to thy progeny 
will (brightly 
with fhiita adorned) 
in power maki^ 
a apadooa realm.' 

Then the chief to God 
an altar wroogbl^ 
and to the PowerM then, 
the Author of life*a lights 
OH offering saciificedy 
to the Protector of spirita. 

Then again departed 
Abram from the eaat, 
with his eyea to look 
on the land'a exoellenoe. 
He the lore remembered^ 
the promise of heaven's Gaardiaoy 
which to him, thro' his hbly word, 
himself the King of triumpha 
had in sooth dedared: 
till that the fellow*men 
prosperously journeyed 
to where is a ridi dwelling 



* I have giTea Lye*t tnteq>retatioa of sejl6, wbicb teems justified bf the 
context. The word b of singular form, and seems not to occor dsewbere. 
^ For tlie snbstantiTe rela, perhaps we should resd ^lig, ncft, trtal/Ay. in. 



108 



C£DMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



bechlem hi&en* 
beojm bliSe-mtfb* 
^ hif bpoSoji fana* 
fopiS ojpeji ftfpan* 
p)lc-iiiaepo lanb* 
eaptan mib sebtuin* 
itfKfti^ men* 
peall*fteapan hleoiSu* 
^ him ]Fa pfc cujion- 
yBcji bun pbte-beophte< 
ponjaf jej^ubton:* 



10 



Betb'd called. 
7%e cbief blitbe of mood 
and bis brotber's son 
journeyed fortb over 
populous lands, [sions, 

from tbe east with their posses- 
pious men, 

over wall-steep mounUdns, 
and cbose tbem tbere a borne, 
wbere to tbem witb beauty brigbt 
tbe fields appeared. 



XXVI. 

STbjiabam^* 
oSepe fiSe* 
pi beb popbte* 
be yxji p6pbum job* 
topbtum d^be- 
tibep onpejbo* 
bif lif-fpean* 
bun )y«f^le<n ajeaf* 
nallep bneaplice* 
^upb bif banb metenb* 
on ]mm jlcb-ftybe* 
pun cyjtum til- 
«2ep pa!r*bopa. 
^paje p:Sfian* 
pfcum punobe* 
-J pilna bpeac* 
beopn mib bpybe* . 
oS f bpob-]^ea* 
cananea peapIS* 
cynne ^etetqfi^ 
bunjeji fe beapba* 
b^ pccenbum* 



XXVI. 

Abram tben 

a second time 

an altar wrought : 

be tbere Grod witb words 

fervent called, 

an offering dedicated 

to bis life's Lord. 

He tbere gave bim a gift, 
90 not sparingly, 

through bis hand meUng it 

on the ember-place^ 

the man in wealth abounding. 
There the bold leader 

a while after 

lived in tha$e dwellings, 

and Am desires enjoyed, 

the chieft^ with his bride, 

until that dire calamity 
30 was to the Canaanites' 

kin grievous; 

the bard hunger, 

to the home-sitting 



■ For >»j I tttspect wo ibould read >«ji. 



ciEDMON'S PARAPHRASE. 



109 



pael-jpini pepum- 

him >a ptr-liy*>^* 
sJ)]iahain jepfc. 

on ejJP^* 
bpihcne jccdjien- 

bpohtaiS j^can»- 

jfleah p«PF«F P^*"*' 
paer f pice to rtpanx* 
abpaham maSelobe* • 

jej-eah ejyp^' 
bopn-fcle hpite- 

-J bea-byp^- 

beophte blScan* 

on^an fa hip bpyb pjica- 

ptp-hybij FP- 
pdpbum Irfpan- 
p^San csyptc- 
eajum mocon. 
on finnc pbte pbcan* 
plance moni;®* 
]K>nne aeSebnja- 
eoplap p^naiJ- 
"maej rip-jtaeno* 
f ]?a mSn pe« 
beophc jebebba* 
|)e pile beopna pim* 
bim jeilpiian* 
ic me on-ajcn* maej* 
^ me ppa'Spa pun* 
paepnep ecje* . 
pop fpconb-m5'nbe** 



10 



[89] 



men fatally stem* 

Then the wise-heedy 
Abram departed, 
in Egypt, 

the chosen of the Lord, 
to seek a sojourn : 
the righteous fled from calanuty, 
the infliction was too strong. 

Abram spake — 
he saw the Egyptians* 
white turreted habitations 
and metropolis 
brightly glitter. 

Began then his bride the chief, 
the wisely cauUous man, 
by words to teach :— 
* Since the Egyptians, 
with their eyes, may 
on thy beauty gaze, 
B many proud ones ; 
when of men 
the earls ween, 
woman of elfin beauty I 
that thou art my 
bright consort, 
thee will some dueftun 
for himself possess : 
I for myself may fear 
that me some enemy, 
with weapon's edge, 
through hostile mind^ 



• This pbiasc occuis also in the poem of the Phoniix : f hi jeoji >onan. la 
jaj ^ea9-beDe. bjiohtaU fobton. Exeter MS. fol. 61 h, 

* For on-a^^n I suspect we should read on-ej^an. _. 

c 1 liave translated as if jeonT>-mynbe had stood in the text ^^^^ *^|^^ 
be the tree reading, though the other may perhaps he justified, and leadeied. 






---•• 



no 



CiBDMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



peo|i6 beneoM* 

fyajne rpeojtoji mlii* 

ISoq' nueje* 

^mne ye leob-pqiaf • 

|:peuib6 jijucjeii* 

hpaec pe ppeonb-lupi* 

eSSeobijQUi* 

feappen cumenjia- 
ya hun jaefte lifl* 
fdSan fppifioe* 
fpa ^ minum pcealt* 
feope jfiheopgBtn* 
pf me fpeoSo bpihcen^ 
on pqralb^pSoe* 
psdbenb xkjjtji* 

fpa be i£p bybe* 
lenjgian Ufe|*« 
fe Qf ^f labe fcetfp* 
f pe on ejiptuui* 
ipe jceolbe* 
jipemena j^udan* 
3 uf fpemu f£can* 

y^ com ellen-p^F* 

eopi jiSian- 

abpaham nub aebtom* 

on^^pte* 

^aep hun jrolc-pepaf • 

fpeuibe pspon* 

pmetincaSe. 

ptfpbinn fppsBCon* 

5inb yxf pfpef ptace* 

ploncemonQe* 



of life deprive. 

Say thouj Sarah, 

that thou art my mter, 

my body's Ida : 

when thee the men of the coantry^ 

the strangers, ask, . 

what may be the friendly love* 

of the foreigners, 

of ns two 
IS come from afSar; 

do ihou from them strictly hide 

true speech, 

so ihon shalt my 

life secure, 

if the kind Lord to me, 

in the world's kingdom, 

our Ruler, 

the Almighty, granl^ 

as he erst did,- 
» longer life, 

who hath shaped this way for us, 

that, among the Egyptians, we 

might, with honour, 

desire benefits, 

and to us seek advantages/ 
Then came the bold 

earl journeying, 

Abram with hie stores, 

into Egypt, 
as where to him the people 

were strangers, 

unknown men. 

Spake with words, 

about the woman's beauty, 

many proud oiiet. 



» That b, ofttkat uMimrt ike eommNeim SMy It. 



CiBDM0N*8 PARAPHRASE. 



Ill 



of ▼iriuet Toid : 

to them a nobk damtd, 

in nuen to the proud 

many she seemed, • 

to the king's thanes s . 

they that made known 

to their nation's loxd, 

andyetfeiicr 

before the prince 

the woman represented ; 

for they Sarah's 

much more 

winsome beauty 

praised with their words, 

until that he bade lead 

the lovely woman to 

his own palace : 

the dispenser of treasure, 

protector of men, 

bade them Abram 

exalt with honours. 

Tet the Lord was, 

the Supreme, towards Pharaoh 

hostile and angry, 

for woman-love 

he therefore dearly pud, 

hardly, with his household, 

his unlicensed joy*. 

Tet understood* 

the chief of men 



* MS. and Jmmu, on phte. 

^ Tlie irord lyr ttgnifies, according to Lye, vuIiuM : he thus renden the pss- 
tagf , t ptzitppo IfZ itw/c jnnnon, jniMriorcai vuUmm fammt aolr. Bnt I have 
no doubt that for Ijv we ought to read ijv, and thmt jnnnon is the prct. pL 
of some Teri> nniecordcd in A. S., probably cognate With the Islandic sanna. 
cowyrDftarp, iewtmutnre, ttnm prdtiiettrt (o/t^td), cn^/trmart. 

« UtenUy. Ut/of ^ 6aeAelbr«. 



bujetum bealle* 
hun bjuhdica ntffis* 
onphce* mobpnn* 
maenepmi ISuhcs- 
cymnjef J^esnnm* 
hie f caS byboo- 
heopa pdo^fpean* 
"J jaejeppo lye*, 
fop cbdmje* 
ibepe pmnoQ* 
Ac hie jappan* 
rpiSopmide. 
pynpimne pliee- 
p6pbum hepeboD- 
o% f he llSfaan hehc* 
leojphc pff to* 
hif relfcf fde- 
jincef bpycta* 
leiSelmpi helm* 
hehc abpahame* 
bu^u^um jrepan* 
hpae9epe bpihcen peapiS« 
fjiea japaone* 
ph^jiipe. 
}xyp plp*m;^* 
p9f ppaSe onjealbi 
heapbe mib hipum* 
hBBjf^ealbpa pyn* 
onjaec hpaeSepe* 
pimena albop* 



112 



CiBDMON'S PARAPHRASE. 



hpset him palbenb pji8B€- 

pite-fpinpim- 

bebc him al^aham t6« [ 90 ] 

ejepim je^peabne* 

bpejo ejipto* 

^ hif bjiyb a^eap* 

p!)! to 2®pealbe« . 

hebe bim pme ceopan* ' 

elloji aeSeluijaf • 

o%)ie bujefSe* lo 

abetfb yvL ]>eob-c^iuii2- 

J^piiim finiim* 

ombibc-jxrealcum* 

f hie bme iphce* 

eallef onpinbne* 

eft ^ebjiobten* 

Of )raepe polc-jx:eape- 

f he on fju'Se pi^pe* 

iSa abpabam- 

aebte laebbe* to 

^r *syp^' 

e^-meapce* 

hie ellen-pdpe* 

ibepe pepebon* 

bpyb^bejap. 

f hie td bethlem- 

on cuCe jic* 

ceapap Isebbon- 

eabje eoplS-pelan* 

oiSpe pSe* ao 

p!p -J piUan^* 

•J beopa populb-^^ptpedn* 

onpmnon bim ^ bythan* 



what the Lord avenged on biro, 

with whips of panisbment, 

commanded to bim Abram% 

with fean tormented^ 

the lord of Egypt, 

and gave bis bride, 

hh wife, into his power : 

bade him choose him ybr friends 

men elsewhere, 

other allies. 

Bade then the great king 

bis thanes, ... 

his official servants, 

that they him honomably, 

quite uninjured, 

again should bring . 

from that tribe of people, ^ 

that he might be in peace. 

Then Abram 
his possessions led 
from the Egyptians* 
land-frontier ; 
they renowned men 
conveyed the woman, 
the bride and her bracelets, 
till that they to Beth-d, 
into their known habitation, 
led their stores, 
rich in worldly wealth, ~ 
a second time, 
their women gladly, 
. and their worldly treasure. 
Began them then to build 



• Tliat it, Abnin was with fean tonnented. 

^ For *i piUan we ongbt probably to read oa xillaa, ttHKngfy, gUity: uileta 
jrillan be tynooymout with, or an error for, j) laa, hnmimmi9n$, UmdncwKmu 



CiBDMON*S PARAPHRASEI 



113 



^ pelefecam* 
plonijnan* 
pepaf on ponje* 
pi-beb feccon* 
neah ynnx ]w abpaham* 
ii§po|i juijibe* 
bif polbenbe* 
]« peftan com- 
yxji fe tabffi epc* 
^can bjuhcnef • 
nipan jrepie* 
noman peoptabe* 
til-mtfbij eopl* 
tibep onpe^be* 
]>eobne enjia* 
]^ancobe fpiVe* 
lif ef leobc-jTiuman* 
bjre ^ ijia:* 

XXVII. 

punebon on J^am pScum* 

hapfbon pilna ^^niht* 

abpaham 'j loth* 

eab bp}ttebon« 

oi f hie on J'am lanbe* 

ne meahton kn; ]x>meb< 

bl«bef bpucan* 

'J heojia bejpa l^s^p* 

sehte habban* 

ic fceolbon tfppejte* 

)^a pincaf )^y* 

pi&mop f6can* 

ellop efel-pelb* 

oyt paepon teonan* 

psSppaeprpa pepa« 



!• 



and rear thdr town, 
and habitation scttk^ 
their halLi renew. 

7^e men in the plain 
an altar placed^ 
near that whidi Abram 
had earlier reared 
tohiiLord, 

when from the west he came. 
There the blessed mail again 
the Lord eternal's, 
anew with Toioe, 
name praised; '>y > 

the virtuons*minded man 
ail offering sacrificed 
to the Lord of angels, 
fervently thanked 
the bright Source of life 
for hie comforts and riches. 

XXVII. 

Dwelt in those habitations, 
had fulfilment of their wishes, 
Abram and Lot, 
enjoyed happiness, 
till that they in the land 
might not together longer 
prosperity enjoy, 
and there both thdr 
possessions have ; 
but must the upright^ 
the chiefbdns, therefore, 
more distant seek 
a settlement dsewhere. 
Oft were injuries, 
. of those righteous men 



Vk 



'V 



N 



114 



C£DHON*S PARAPHRASE. 



pepebum jenuene* 
beajibum* lieajim^plega* 
y^L fe halja onjpui* 

abjuJuun fpji^can- 

p^pe to lodie* 

ic eom pebepa yin* 

pb-^ebypbum* [ ^1 ] 

fvL mfn fobtepjpi* 

d£ fceolon unc betpeonan* lo 

teonaQ peazan- 

fjiobt ppiiSian* 

ne f yiHe job- 

ic pit jyat jemajaf • 

unc jemsene ne rccal. 

eOep apibt* 

nym]^ eall tela> 

lopi lan^punu* 

nu ^u lotb j^ejfenc* 

f nnc mtfbije* » 

ymb meapce pttaiS* 

^eoba jyp y uija ej te* 

J^ejnum 3 jejtSfum* 

folc cananea* * 

^ pepetia* 

ptfpim juncum* 

ne pillaiS ptimop unc- 

lanb piht beopa- 

pop^n pit IsSban fculon* 

teon pit^ op yiJY^ ftope- ao 

^ unc pta'Sol-panjap* 



common to the bands, 
to the berdsmen strifie. 

Then bq^ the holy man, 
of Mm possessions mindfa], 
Abram to speak 
fieurly to Lot :— 
* I am ihy fotber's brotbcTj 
by kindred birth, 
thou my brother's son 5 
between ns two shall not 



mjory 

strife prosper, 

nor wiQ that God permit, 

for we are kinsmen; 

to us shall not be common 

au^tdsc;, 

save aU good, 

lasting love. 

Now thou. Lot, bethink thee, 

that bold ones 

dwell round our limit, 

famous nationsi, 

with vassals and alliesi, 

the folk of Canaan, 

and the PerizzitesS 

renowned war ri or s z 

they will not further grant us 

their land-right; 

therefore must we lead /art h^ 

from this place withdraw, 

and for us fixed lands 



* 1 bave rendered heajibum by herdgmen, as it appears to be the same as 
hyjibnm : " And there was a strife between the herdsmen of Abraham's cattle 
and the herdsmen of Lot's cattle." Gen. zilL 7. 

^ " And the Canaanite and the Perizzlte dwelled then in the land.** Gen. xiii. 7. 

* /It seems to be here used rcdnndantly. 



CJEDM0N*8 PARAPHRASE. 



115 



p&inqi ffom* 
ic pi^ fpji€ce* 
beapn ajumq** 
bcjpa uiioe|i* 
f61Sne ftcgt* 
ic ^ r^lpef b6oi* 
ISpeleqat* 
leojma ]^ feolpi* 
J je^anc-meta* 

OQ hpiloe healpe* 
]ni piUe fapji^pc b6n« 
cJTipan nub ceape* 
nu ic ^ cjjt abeib* 
him y^ loch 2^pfe« 
lanb rceapjan. 
he lopbane* 
2p6ne eoplSan- 
feo paef pstpum peaht* 
^ paejxmum ]>eaht* 
Ii^o-ftpeamum leohe* 
-J jellc jobef 
neopxna pan^e- 
on* f nep^enb job* 
pop pepa fynnum- 
pj'Ime jepealbe* 
pobonum 3 jomoppan- 
fpeaptan Ifje* 
him ]?a eapb j^ceap • 
;j eiSel-petl* 
ponu aponep- . 
on poboma hypij* 



more widdy 

I oomiad qpcak, 

diQd of Haian ! 

for both of UM, - 

true coioise/ aay : 

I its dedsion to thee 

leave, mjf friend; 

inform thyself 

and ddiberale 

in thy mind, 

on which aide 

thou wih dqiail^ 

turn with My cattle; 

nowl have offered thee/^chmoe.' 

Lot then departed, 
the hmd to view 
by Jordan, 
the green earth, 

which was with waters moistened, 
and with fruits dedced, 
washed with liquid streams, 
and lilce God's 
paradise, 

till that our Presenrer God, 
for men's sins., 
gafe to the fire 
Sodom and Gromorrah, 
to the swart flame. 

Chose him then a dwdling^ 
and a land-settlemcal^ 
/Aeson of Haran, 
in Sodom dty, • 



* For on we ibould certainly read oV» which b necessary both to the 
and the contraction, and is corroborated Vy Gen. xiiL la " Brftrt the Loid 
destroyed Sodom and Gomorrsh." 

18 



ll« 



CADMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



10 



Ace fine* 

beajap jipom betUem* 

pelan punben ^olb* 

punobe pSfian- 

be lopbane* - 

jeajia masnejo* 

]wji jx>Ic-jt?ebe« 

jpaBjjie paejion* 

men ijileape* 

mecobe UXe* 

paepon pobomipc cynn* 

fynnum J^pte* 

b^iim jebpolene- 

bpu2on heojia pelppa* 

{cne iiiipsb* 

eppe ne polbe* 

^am leob-]wapum* [ ^^3 

loch^ onptfn* 

£c he ]^aepe mmj^* m 

mon-pSpan pleah* 

]ieah ye he on )mm lanbe- 

hpian pceolbe* 

pacen j p^ene* 

3 hine paegie heolb* 

l^PFspe 3 jejylb^. 

on yam. ]^eobpcipe* 

emne ]K>n j^Kcopt- 

Upa jemjub^* 

ye he ne ca%e* 

hpsee )m cynn b^bon* 

abpaham pnnobe* 

eSel-eapbum* 

cananJa popiS* 

hine c^nmj enjift* 

• LitenUp, liU/ofM^eib. 



his possessiona, 

bracelets from Beth-el, 

and household treasiiresy 

wealth, twisted gold. 

He dwdt afterwards 

by Jordan 

many years, 

where the towns* 

were fidr, 

the men of honour void, 

hateful to their Creator. 

J%e Sodomitish race were 

bold in sins, 

in deeds perverse ; 

they committed of themseln 

continual depravity. 

Would not ever 

those public manners 

Lot adopt; 

but he of that people 

fled the sinful ways, 

(though he in the land 

must live,) 

their fraud and crimes, 

and held him fair, 

in morals firm and patient, 

in diat nation, 

even most }ike as 

(of precepts mindfiil) 

that he knew not 

what those people did. 

Abram continued 
in the native dwellings 
of the Canaanites stiU : ' 
him the King of angels, 

> MS. and JoaiiiB kdbr. 



C^DH0N*8 PARAPHRA8B. 



117 



mecob moa-c^iinef • 
miuibby]ibe beolb* 
jiilna jiKj tiuuni- 
-J pb]iuIb4)U2eVam* 
lujnm 3 bjjom* 

pibe unbep polcnum* 
pepa cneopijye* 
foll-pona beapn* 
ht fpean hypbe* 
ejrum on eSle« 
%enben he eapbef bpea€< 
hal^ 3 luje-fjidb* 
mefpe hleoji-lopa** 
aec ebpihcan* 
acfpe people* 
peoph-Mpenbpa- 
pipht *] ieoh 
mon p»p m€tobe* 



^ him eptep i 






yujih 2em^ba fpeb< 
mdbe^ ^ biSbam- 
p6pbe 3 jepitte* 



Creator of mauldnd, 
in Aw protection hdd^ 
in the firuits of Ait wishes, 
and worldly goods* 
in lore and &TOors; 
wherefore his praise say, 
wide under the skies, 
the fiunilies of men, 
children of the baptized. 
IS He Me Lord obeyed 
gratefuDy in the land, 
whne he the earth enjoyed 
holy and wise of mind« 
Never 

. shaUeverbe 

for thaee bearing life 
afraid and trembling. 
Man before Ait Creator 



SB who to him ever after. 



by dint of meditation, 
in mind and deeds, 
word and wit^ 



• According to Lje^ Ueoji-lojii tignifics hoimwMmjaidum: while MaaiuBg Qm. 
Snppl.) Tenders it Aomo dtMciit. dtaetpn/M. The whole passtge, to the end of ^e 
canto« u extreniely obscure, some lines being wanting* as u evident from the de> 
fecdre alliteration. 

^ MS. and Jonins m^b. 



118 



CiEDMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



pffe^ance- 

ot hif ealbop-2^^' 
oleccan pile:* 

XXVIII. 

Da ic alboji jefpaepi- 
elamicapna* 
fjidmne pilc-tojan* 
fyph jebeoban- 
dplahomaji* 
him ambjiapd* 
Of fexmiqi* 
flbe pojiulbe** 



10 



wise thoughts, 

until his divorce firom life 

Mrill serve. 

XXVIII. 

Then heard I that the prince 

of the ElamiteSj 

the bold folk-leader, 

an army raised, 

Chedorlaomer : 

to him Amraphd . 

of Shinar, 

widely in the world. 



jrtfji on piltum* 

jepiton hie jzeopeji ^* 

)yeol>-cymn2af« 

l^jiymme mide* 

]-ecan pxS Vanon- 

foboman 3 jomoppan* 

l^a p«f 2u^he]i2;um* 

beiopbane* 

pejia eiSel-lanb* ao 

plbe jeonb-fenbeb- 

folbe jieonbum* 

jxeolbe fopht mom;* 

blac-hleoji^ ibef • ~ 

bipenbe jjbk* 

on pjiembej* paeSm* 

peoUon pepjcnb*^ 

Ibjiyba 3 bea2a* 

«..-—- " 

bennum feoce* 

• The lines oontaining the namce of the other two kings, Arioch snd Tidal* 
have been inadvertently omitted by tlie copier of the MS. The sense of the line 
yibe pojiutbe depends upon what shoold follow, but is now lost 



marched in succour. 

They four then departed, 
kings of nations, 
with a great multitude, 
to seek south from thence 
Sodom and Gomorrah. 
Then with hostile bands was, 
by Jordan, 

t/te people's natal land 
wide overspread, 
the soil with enemies. 
Must many a fearful 
pale-fiaced damsd 
trembling go . 
into a stranger's embrace. 
Fell the defenders 
of their brides and bracelets, 
sick with wounds. 



CiEDM0N*8 PARAPHRASE. 



lift 



him yti coseanq-* 
nub 5ui^fp»ce« 

folc-c^mnpir* 
fpeocum fa^Son* 

polbon fobome bajih- 

ppaiSum pepian- 

)ya pincpa xn- 

nojiVmonnom i6ji* 

niebe fceolboo- 

jombon pelban* 

-J 2nu>I fellan* 

ciSfyh leobe* 

len; ne polbon* 

elamitajma* . 

alboji fpilSan* 

folc-jeftjieoniun* 

Ac him fpom-fpicon* 

fdpon ytL tofomne* 

j^iancan* psejion Udbe* 

ypsSe psl-hqujaf • 

fan; r® panna pijel* 

unbep beojieiS-foeajnun 

beapi; j»1Sejia* _ 

hpsf onp^nan* 

haeleS tfnetton* 

on m8>2eii-coii«imm- 

mdbum J'pybje^* 

oi f p)lc-2etjiQnie* 

jcjapen hcjrboo. 



[9S] Against them then, 

with warlike foro^ 

maidied five 

Idngt of nations, 

with their bands firom the soath ; 

they would Sodom dtj 

firom foes defend* 

These winters twdve 

before to the northmen 
M must needs 

pay homage^ 

and tribute give ; 

till that those nations 

no longer would 

the Elamites* 

prince strengthen 

with the public treasures^ 

but they deserted him. 

T^ey then marched together, 
so the javelins were loud, 

wroth the bands of slaughter, 

the sad fowl sang 

amid the dart-shafts, 

dewy of feathers;, 

the rush expecting. 

The warriors hastened 

in powerful bodies, 

bold of mood, 

till that the hosts of nations 
ao had come 



■ Lye, citiDg this p1ace« ezplaiiu j jiancaa Ir^ Eread, fWnwoaet; Imt f jisaca 
ii undombtedly a missile weapon, m u crident from the passage in the " Death 
of Byrhtnoth"; f fwtj ceolan fonu. >e >one p>j&man man. nub hi/ j jiancaa 
onceae. See " AnaL AngL Sax." p. 183, line VJ. and "Conybeare*a DlnstFS- 
tions/' p. ict. See also " Westenrieder Glotsariom Gcr. Lat." roee Franc aica. 

^ The expression mobnm )*jiybie is rendeied by Lye mmmi» dtpnmi, which 
surely cannot be the anthor^s meaning.-r-Perh^pa we ooght to read >jiyxM« 



120 



CiEDMON*S PARAPHRASE^ 



fib tofomne* 
piSan 'J nojiSan* 
helmum J^eahise* 
l^aeji paef heapb pleja* 
pael-japa ppixl* 
pij-cyjim micel* 
hltib bilbe fp^* 
hanbum bjiujbon* 
Iuele« op rcarSnm. 
Iijiin2-m8eleb fpeopb* 
ecjum bihtij* 
Jraeji psq* ea'Spynbe** 
eople opleg-ceap* 
peSe i6j\ ne pep* 
mSq* jemhtpmn* 
noplS-ineu paepcm* 
pttS-folcum ppice« 
ptipbon pdbom-pape* 

^ 2^'^opp®* 
2olbep bpyttan* 

aet ]^ein_lmb-qi6ban* 

leopum bebpopene* 

fypb-jeptealliim* 

^epiton peoph beopa* 

ppam y^jxi polc-jtybe* 

fleime nepjan* 

pecpim opplejene* 

him ou ppa% peoIlon< 

aeSehnja beapn* 

ecjom op]^be* 

pill-jepriJiJap. 



10 



90 



90 



together from nhr, 
from south and north, 
with helmets decked. 

There uras hard play, 
an interchange of deadly weapons, 
a great war*cry, 
a loud battle-crash. 
Drew with their hands 
the warriors frx>m their sheaths 
the ring-Iulted sword, 
of edges doughty $ 
there was found easily 
death-work to the man 
who ere was not 
with slaughter saUate. ' 

The northmen were 
to the Bouthfolk destructive. 
The inhabitants of Sodom were, 
and of Gromonrah, 
the dispensers of gold, 
at the press of shields^ 
deprived of their bdoved 
martial comrades. 
They retired, their lives 
(from the iba///e-place of nations)' 
by flight to save^ ^ 

smitten by the soldiers. 
Fell on thdr path 
the children of the people, 
by the sword^s edge consumed, 
their voluntary comrades. 



• The tenae of this and the three following lines is obscnre^ and my tranala^ 
lation, I fear, far from aatisfactory. 

^ Laterally, ai lAe limden cmtd, from the wood of the linden or lime-tree, of 
which the backlers were made. See my translation of '* Risk'a Anglo-Saxon 
Grammar," p. xliii. note. 



CiEDMON'8 PARAPHIIASB. 



131 



elanutapna- 
opbef pifm* 
peolb pid-ftope* 

jepfc yeo pspna laf? 
fsftcii pecm* 
pynb jolb jTjittboD* 
ihaban ]m nub lieji2e« 
hopb-bqih pepA* 
fobonuui 3 jomojijuui* 

nufipe ceaftpa* 
maejS p'Bebon* 
jaemnan j pibupan* 
fpeonbum beflae^ene* 
fpom hleop-ftdle* 
hettenb laebbon* 
iic mib Klitum* 
abpahamef mae;- 
oj: foboma byji^* 
pe f foiS mae^on* 
fecjan piptup* 
hpelc pSiSan peapiS* 

Iiepe-pulpi pC* 
}^pa ^ laebbon* 
loth 3 leoba ^66* 
' pi%-monna pnc* 
pjopepilpon:* 



Had Tictory in ik& battle 

of the Elamitct 

Me ruler of the marshalled hoel, 

held Me battle-place. 

Went the weapons* leaTings 

to seek a fastness. 

The foes pillaged the gold, 

then plundered with 4heir band 

the treasuiy of the men 
M of Sodom and Gomorrah. 
At that time dearly paid . 

the great dties j 
[ 94 ] Me yirgins departed. 

Me damsels and widows, 

of friends bereft^ 

from Metr asylum : 

driving they brought 

out, with hie possesdons, 

Abram*s kinsman, 
so from Sodom city. . 

We may that soothly 

further say, . 

what was afterwards, 

after Me slaughter, . 

the march of these war-wolves, 

of those who led atroy 

Lot and Me people's goods, 

the southmen's treasure. 
TTiejf in victory exulted. • 



XXVIIII. 

)>im |m pec; hpaiSe* 
jepie pCuui* 
in jlpa lap* 
pc <a» julSe ^eni^p* 



xxvnii. 

ao Tlien a warrior hastDy 
went journeying, 
one n leaving of the weapona^ 
who had been saved in battl^ 

* For tf a it sceou that we tbosld read Ve ia thU plsct. 



123 



CiEDH0N*8 PARAPHRASE. 



abjiaham f^an* 
fe f opl^-peopc* 
yarn ebpifcan« 
eople jecj^Sbe* 
p^jifle^en fpiSe* 
fobomafolc* 
leoba bopxBe* 
"J lothef jiC* 
]^ f iupi&-fpdl* . 
abjuJuun fflcjbc* 
jijieonbum jlnum* 
bi£b him pilcumef • 
p^jiftejt? hflddS* 
piU-^eSojrtan- 
aneji 3 manjie* 
efool J^jubban* 
cpaBo f iiixQ pejie* 
peopce on mobe* 
fojija rijioft* 
f hif pihtpija* 
]yeop-n^b ]K>Iobe* 
bi£b him yjmC'jiSfe* 
y^ jimcaf ]wf • 
lu^bahicjan. 
f hif hylbe-maej. 
Apeb pajibe* 
beojm mib bjiybe* 
him ]m bpo'Sop ]^p7« 
St fpjuece Jraqie* 
fpebum midum* 
hadbon hy^e-fopje* 
heapbum p^pbum* 
eUen-ptffe* 
3 abpahame ; 
tpeopa fealbon* 
f hie hif topn mib hlm< 



10 



Abram to seek^ - 

who that fiital woik 

to the Hebrew 

earl amiounced, 

thai were cnielly slaughtered 

the folk of Sodom^ 

the flower of the nationsy 

and Lot's misfortune. 

Then that tale of woe 
Abram told 
to Ids firiiends, 
besought to him their ud^ 
the righteous man^ 
A» confederates, 
Aner and Manure, 
Eshcol third; 
sidd that to him was 
grief in nund, 

of sorrows the most painful; 
that lus brother's son 
was suffering servitude : 
besought those daring men to 
those warriors, for this 
counsel devise, 
that his dear kinsman 
might be rescued, 
the chieftidn with his bride. 

To him the brothers thre^ 
at that deliberation, 
with earnest zeal 
healed the mental sorrow, 
with bold words, 
the renowned for valour; 
and to Abram 
gave their futh, 
that they his anger with him 



CfiDMON*S PARAPHRASE* 



123 



jeppscon on ppsSom* 

oi9e on p«l pttShaa* 

ytL fe halja lidic* 

hif heopS-pqiob* 

pspna oofdn* 

he ]wp pijeiia pnb* 

«fc-bepenb|im* 

xnn- 

^ coc* eftc* 

^nben* bolbpa* m 

|m[ia ^ be pfoe* 

]^ meahee pd wjjjbfjflc* 

on fypb pej^* 

jrealpe luibc^* 

bun )ya abjiabam jepic* [95] 

1 )m eojOar >pt* 

1^ bun l6p cpeope pealbon* 

mib beopa pAce^jfiCfxaae* 

polbe bif mK2 bnjiu lodi alyn* 



Of liSfape* 
juncaf pajion pdpe* 
panbi^pvjon* 
popiS ):p6mlioe* 
on polb-pe^e* 
bilbe pulpap • 
bepe-pcum neb* 
2ep£pen baepbon« 
)ya be bif jipumnjapan* 
pipbjbij pep. 
pdpbiim jf«2|be* 
Jy^pep apepa* 
bim pep ^eapp nuoel* 
f be on tpa bealpe* 



[nan« 



on the foes would wieal^ 
or in tlangbter USL 

Then the boly man bade 
bit beaitb-retainen 
iheir weapons take : 
be there warrion fonnd^ 
bearers of the ashen fpeor, 
eighteen 

and three hundred eke^ 
to /Aeft* loid faithful, 
of whom be knew . 
that each could wdl 
to battle bear 
ike fidlow linden. 

Abram then departed, 
and the earls three, (gi^en, 

who ere to him ihebr fidth bad 
with tbdr band of people ; 
he would at least his kinsman lioi 
from calamity* [rdeaae 

The warriors were renowned, 
bore iheir shields • 
stoutly forth 
on ihe earth-way. 

2^ war-wolves 
near to iheir camp 
bad marched, 
when be to bis leaders, 
ihe cautious man, 
said in words, 
Terah*s son, « 

ihai to bim was great need 
that be, on two sides. 



• Thai ia MS*, but epptJtnUj aa enor for >cobiie, m the word docs aot 
Mcm to ooesr dicwhcre. 
^ In Beowulf we hsTe itolft Imb, p.* 194. Um 17. 



124 



CiEDMON'S PARAPHRASE. 



jyftum eopbon* 

heapbne hanb-plc^an* 

cpaeV f luxn je halga* 

ece bjuhten* 

eaS mihbe* 

set ysaa fpepe niSe* 

fpebelanian* 

1^ !€ neSan jej^uepi* 

unbeji niht-fcupan* 

haeleV toLiIbe* 

Uyn -pevpS on ficom* 

fcylba ^ fceajpta* 

fceotenbpa jyll* 

jpipon tiDpejpe* 
unbeji fceac-pepum* 
fceajipe japaj- • 
3 jieonba peoph* 
feolloQ %cGe» 
]?aep Uihenbe* 
MlSe fepebon* 
peccaf J ^ejiXSdf* 
pjop ept ahpeapp* 
op nopiS-moniia* 
xuS-jeteone* 
epc-dp pepa* 
abpaham pealbe* 
pij CO pebbc* 
nallep punben jolb* 
pop hip puhtispan* 
flob 3 lylbe. 
peonb on pitte** 



to 



lAe grim war-mote 

should to the strangers show, 

the hard hand-play : 

said that him the holy 

Lord eternal 

might easily^ 

at the strife of spearsy 

with success reward. 

TVhen^ as I have heard^to sleep, 
under the shade of night, 
the warrior bowed, 
was in the camp the din 
of sUelds and shafts, 
/A^ fiJl of ardiersi, 
whizring of war-darts : 
griped unsoftly 
among the shooters 
the sharp arrowa, 
and the lives of the foes 
fcU thichly, • . 

where lauj^iing 
they had borne the spcnl, 
warriors and allies, 
l^ctory turned agun 
from the northmen's 
hostile malic^ 

the spear-glory of the men : — 
Abram gave 
war m ransom, 
not twisted gold, . 
for his brother's son. . 
Struck and felled 
the enemy in fight: 



* Lyt readers this line exuUmu im fow/iIfM. I sospect pcve to bean error for 
eobre, mr rather ffhtt, sad bave trtaslated tccordingly. 



CiBDM0N*8 PARAPHRASE. 



125 



10 



hiDi on pilcam jgiip* 
heofon*]iIcef peapb* 
heps'T pupbon« 
jreopep on jdeame* 
plc-cyninjaf* 
leobe paefpan* 
him on lafte jttfb* 
hihtlic heopB-pqiob« 
3 haeleK lagon* ' 

on ipa^ peton* 
)«^foboma* 
3 jomoppa* 
2olbe bejitfpui* 
befcpubon ftfj-ptum** 
him ]^ fti:8e ^(^Jb* 
jaebejia lothef • 

jdeonbe^ 

elamitapna* 

albop-bupi^* 

b6me bebpopene* » 

oi f hie bomapoo* [ ^^ ] 

Anpeop psepon* 

jepdc him abpaham ]m» 

on fa pij-p6bc- 

pi^ptpob pedn* 

IdiSpa roonna* 

loth p»f ihpebeb. 

eopi mib aehtum* 

ibepi hpupfon* 

pip on pillan* m 

pfbe jepapon* 

ppeopa peoph-banan« 



in his support crashed 

the Guardian of lieaTcn'aldiigdcMii. 

iho9e bands, were 



m 



four 



kings of nationsy 

leaders of people : 

on their footsteps stood 

the exulting vassalage^ 

and the warriors fay, 

sate, on the way, 

those that Sodom 

and Gomorrah 

had of gold bercfk, 

they strewed on the path-ways. 

Tliem that sternly paid 

the unde of Lot : 

fleeing [were] 

MeElamites* . 

chief nobles, 

of power bercfk, 

till that they from Damascus 

were not bar. 
Abram then went 

on the war-road, 

the retreat to see . 

of the hostile men. 

Lot was rescued, 

the earl with his possessions, 

the females returned, 

the women inllingly j 

saw wide around 

the murderers of the people* 



* The tignification of jrij-pitimi teems Teiy dosMU; pdhsps we thoold 
read j cfs-picum, meaning hnrm or nUagm «i the roML 
^ The word j*»jion seems to be winting in this place 
« Literallj,^ lAeyWt. 



126 



C£DM0N'8 PARAPHRASE. 



PQ;laf f litan* 

abpaham pepebe* 
prS-nuMma eps* 
pnc ^ bji;f ba« 
eSelmja beajm. 

beopa mi^um* 
naej^e mon ealjia* 
Iqajenbjia h^p* 
Ijtle pepebe* 
]Km jmpShcop* 

jFapa ]>e jtS fpa midnm* 
maejne jepaef be :• 



[97] 



pa psej- jnS ]mnon* 
foboma p)Ic* 
juf-fpell pejan*. 
hpelc gitfmpa pea]i«. 
peonba ppom-lib* 
jepic him fpea Iedba< 
eoplam bebpopen* 
abpaham f£can* 
fpeonba jzeafceapt** 
Inm pepebe mib* 
polomia* 
pincep Iivpbe* 
p pKp pe nuepa* 
meldupebec* 
leoba Inpceop* 
pe nub Ucum com* 



a> 



the birds teaiii^ 

amid the slaughter of swords. 

Abram conveyed 

bade tfte southHocn'a 

treasure and brides^ 

the children of the people, 

unto the territory of *^ ^ ^^ 

to thdr kindred. 

Never any one of all 
livnig here, 
with'a small band, 
on a worthier than thiii 
warlike expedition marched, 
of those who against so great 
o power rushed. 

Then was, south from thence, 
the people of Sodom 
awaiting tidings of the battler- 
how was the fierce 
enemies' retreat? 
7^e lord of the people went, 
of his men bereft, 
to seek Abram, 
destitute of firiends| 
with him went 
Salem's 

treasure's guardian, 
that was the great 
Mdchizeddc, 
the people's bishop, 
who came with gifts. 



• Evidently an error of the Kribe^ perfaape for jomojijia. 
^ My interprrUtioii of j^^sb ^ pnrdy eoajectimL 
line b in appoeition to line SS. 



CJEDMON'S PARAPHRASB. 



127 



jiypb-junai fpamaa* 
pe2pe Jirfean* 
abpaham ipboe* 
3 nini oiij6ttc* 
jobq* Uetpinje* 

OD pepa jilme* 

^ ISe apfca dp* 

^ If zob jielpi. 
peSe becteiifapa* 



Me diief of martial kidas 

fidr togree^ 

Abram, iKmoanUy I 

and on him act 

God'a bleauniib 

and thus aang :— 

' Be Uioa lionoared 

in Me nmnber of men, 

before the eyet of lum 

wbo to thee gloiy of tpeafBy 

at batdej gave ; 

that is, God himadf^ 

who Me pnnuing 

anmea'banda 

brake in his powerj 

and thee with weapona kt 

a way forth through Me piond 

widely work, 

rescue Me spoil, 

and the warriors felL 

On Me way ihey sate; 

/Ae marching host might not 

in battle thriFe, 

but them God routed, 

(who to fight 

with Me patriarchs, 

against superior force's 

terror is said, 

with his hands,) 

and the holy covenant 

which thou with heaven's Rxder 

rightly boldest.' 



on -^efetlh jebpasc* 

-J ^ p«pnum bet* 

panc-rcpsoe popC* 

pfime pypcan* 

hu^ flipebban* 

3 h«le% f^Uan* 

on fpa^ jwton* 

ne meahton p%-pepob* 

SuSerpopan. 

dc hie job jJyinbe** 

fe ISe et-feohtan* 

mib ppum-2<^pum« 

fii ojxpmaepief • 

ejptn fceolbe* 

hanbum finum* 

3 haleju tpeop* 

feo )yu piS pobopa peapb« 

pihce healbejic- 



* Hm order of tliit sod the six foUowing lines seems to be; hU them Gnd (4 
the Wjr cotenanf) rovM, who with his handa it sottf tofyht with the pcArMTcH 
Qgaijut the Icrror qfmperiar farce. Sccoh>e here seems to liave the force whkh 
the same verb has in modem German^ vix. ie emd, ie Mmhretooi. 



128 



CJEDMON'S PARAPHRASE. 



liim yti fe beojin* 


' Him then the prince 


bletpinja lean* 


the gift of his blessings 


]m]ih hanb vgcBf* 


gave, through his hand^ 


'J ys^Y hejie-teamef • 


and of the martial spoil^ 


eaUef teoSan pceat* 


throughout, a tenth portion 


abjiaham fealbe« 


on Abram bestowed. 


2obef bifceope* 


God's bishop. 


y^ fpjiaec pi^S-cynin;* 


Then spake the warlike king. 


foboma albop« 


the prince of Sodom, 


j-ecjum bejyUeb** 


10 of his warriors bereft. 


M abjuihame* 


to Abram; 


him p»f <jia yexpfm 


to him was need of wealth : — 


foppp me memien* 


' Give me the damsels 


mbijia leoba* 


of my people. 


]>e ^u Apebbeft* 


whom thou hast rescued. 


bepjef qiaejrum* 


through power of thy band« 


pejia pel-clommum* 


from those men's fatal bonds ; 


haja ]>e jmnben jblb* 


have to thee the twisted gold. 


f rfp <3cn paj-. 


that erst bdon^ng was 


uijnm folce* 


[98] to our folk, - 


feoh J jipaetpa* 


SI the wealth and ornaments : 


laet me j^eo beban- 


let me lead them free. 


eft; on eSd* 


back into their country. 


K^elmpi beajm- 


my people's children. 


on p^fte pfc- 


into their wasted dwelling*plaoe. 


pff J cnihtaf • 


the women and the youths. 


eajmie pybepan- 


the poor widows $ 


ea}u>jian fynbon beabe* 


their sons are dead. 


p)lc-3ep[Saf« 


nobles of the country. 


nym^ jrea <ne* 


30 save a few only, . 


ye me mib pceolbon* 


who with me must 


meapce healban* 


the frontier guard*' 




Him then Abram 

• 


anb^papobe- 


answered 



* Hill participle ippean to be tynonymoot with bejlcjen^ Bignifyiiig her^ 
i^ffirUnds, tkrwgk iMr heU^ flora er/cOnO. 



CiEDMON 8 PARAPHRASE. 



I2d 



aebjie fop eophim* 

elne 2cpujiiSob« 

bdme 3 pjojie* 

bjubthce fppsc* 

ic ]w jehaee* 

haeleSa palbenb- 

poji ]mm haljaii- 

)^ heofona if* 

Jyqje eojiiSan- 

Ijenb fp^i- 10 

p6]ibum mSnum* 

nff populb-jreoh ^ ic me iffoi 

pille* 
fceac ne fcilliii;- 
yxf ic onfceocenbum- 
]?eobeD nu^pa* . 
Jrinej- ahpebbe* 
ae'Selin^a helm* 
Yj l»f ]m ep: q)e%e* 
]^ ic pupbe* 

piD-scrteallum- » 

eabi; 6b eop'San- 
i§p-2eftpeonam*- 
foboma pice* 

Ac }m moft beonon hu^e laeban* 

1^ ic ]>e aet kilbe jefldh* 

ealle bucon beSIe* 

]n]ja bpibt-pepa* 

anepef 3 mampej • 

3 efcolef • so 

nelle ic Jra pmcap • 

pibte bemSman* 



fortbwith before ite peopk : 

bonoured for valour, 

power and Tictory ; 

lordly he spake ; — 

' I vow to thee, 

lord of men, 

before the Holy, 

tbat 18 of beavcn 

€md of this earth 

the owning Lord, 

with my words,— 

there is no worldly pelf, that I 

will for myself possess, 
scot nor shillings 
for that I from the assailants, 
great lord ! 
rescued thee, 
chief of men ! 

lest thou shouldest say hereafter, 
that I became 
with my comrades 
rich on earth, 
with the treasures 
of Sodom's realm ; 

[spwl, 
but thou hence mayest lead the 
which I for theehave won inbattle^ 
all, save the paK . 
of these chieftains, 
Aner and Mamre^ 
and Esbcol : 

I will not those warriors 
of their right deprive | • 



■ Literelly, irtfil tU hnm (u e. money) freowrfv. In the foDowing line, |iSet 
teems to be so error for plcej. The line in alliteration with joiboina jiSot m 
wanting. 



130 



CJEDMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



10 



ic hue me piU^eobon* 
dB!C Kjx-jFpaeoe* 
fuhton 'pe aejxep jjiofpe* 
jepit ]m jrepian nti* 
Mm hypfteb j^lb* 
J healf-iiiae2eSN 

leoba ibefa* 
]m ]^ la^jia ne ^eapp:* 
haeleSa Iiilb-]yp»oe« 
hpfle onpttan* 
nojiiS-inanna pfj* 
eicne pijlaf • 
unbeji 1)eop)i-lileo]»ain« 
Udbi; ptcsS* 

)^e<ri>-hej\2a pod* 

piece jfiffVLeb* 

jepic him yk fe healbenb* 

liimp[Sian* • 

nub Yf hepe-teame^ 

]>e hmi fe halja fopjeaf • » 

ebp&i leob* 

ipna jcmynbij* 

«a xfo abpahame. 

eopberdpi* 

heop)Da heah-c^mn;* 

halije fppaece* 

tp^mebe tnl-mobijue* 

3 hfm t6 peopbobe* [99 J 

m£ba f^bon mida^ ^but* 

ne het )ni ]>e ]'In mdb afealcan- 

paqipeft jnllan mfnef • 3i 

ne peajifc ]m ]?e pilic onbpaeban 

]wnben ^u mine Upe Isftefc* 



for they well uded me^ 

at the brunt of ashen spears, 

fought for thy benefit. 

Depart thou now conveying 

home the fretted gold^ 

and beloved damselsj 

women of the nations, [^Ifj 

thou for enemies' needest not thy* 

for iha$e men's martial violence, 

a while disqiuet, 

ike northmen's war. 

The teeming fowls, 

among the mountun-heights, 

sit bloody, 

with the slaughter of those bands 

thiddy fiUed.' 

~ Departed then the prince 

home to journey, 

with the martial spoil, 

which to him gave the holy 

Hebrews' lord, 

mindful of benefits. 

Then again to Abram 
appeared himself, 
the heavens' high King; 
with holy speech 
comforted the meek of mind, 
and to him spake > — 
'Thy rewards are great, 
let not thou thy minddepress thee; 
observant of my will, 
thou needest not fear aught, 
while thou my precepts executest; 



* A timllar csmpoond witii the word heal/, vis. healj-sebcbba* occim in 
BeowalC P* 7« line SI. 
^ BeOi micln and >ina tnem to be enon for nude and >fne. 



C£DM0N*8 PARAPHRA8B. 



131 



icie^ bpjenbe heji* 
ptK peana jehpam* 

folmum minuin* 

ne l^app: ]m pophc pepan- 



10 



90 



JCbpaham^* 
aiib|[papob6* 

Mb-p^ bpilicne ffnam* 
fjiaega hme baej-pime ppdb 
hpaec ppe]^ f^ me* 
japta palbenb* 
fpeo-manna to ppoppe* 
nu ic ynp peapceapc eom* 
ne ]wapp ic yppe-jtA* 
eapopan byclian* 
aenepim mSnpa« 
ic me aepcep pculon* 
mine populb^majap* 
pelan bp^tcian* 
ne pealbejT ^u me punu* 
fdpiSon mec pop; bpeceS* 
on pepan ppiSe* 

ic pylp ne mae;* ' [ 100] 

pi§b ihyc^an* 
2»8 2^p£pa mfn* 
pae^en ppeo-beapnom- 
paepte mynte^ m jej^ancam* 
f me apptep pe eapopan pSne* 
}7ipe-peapbap« 

jepeoS f me op bpybe* ac 

beapn ne pdcon« 
bun yti aebpe job* 
anbppapobe* 
naeppe jep^pan- 

kS 



for I tbee ItTing bcre, 

agunst cvoy ill 

will corer and abidd, 

witbmybanda: 

thoa needesi not be fearful.' 

XXXI. 

Abramlben 

answered^ 

the deed-famedy bia Lord; 

bim asked the stricken in daySi:— 

* Wbat givest tbou mc^ 

Roler of spirits, 

for men's oomfort, 

now I am tbns desolate ? 

I need not on bereditaiy seat 

build for any 

sons of mine; 

but after me sball 

my worldly connenons 

my wealth enjoy. 

Thou bast not given me a son, 

therefore me sorrow vezetb 

sorely in mind; 

I may not myself 

counsel deiise. 

My steward goetb 

elate with diildren, 

firmly in thought imagineth, 

that after me his sons shall be 

the beira : 

he seeth that by my wife to me 

children are not bortu* • 

Him then forthwith God 
answered :— 
' Never of the ateward 



132 



C£DMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



eap>pa* tPF*' 
ic yin i^en beapn* * 
ppsetpa healbeS* 
)K)nne ]Ffn plaefc IqieS* 
j-ceapa heopon- 
hypfte jeplm* 
• pobojief tunnel* 
y^ nti ptime heopa* 
pulbop-pejtne plite- 
pfbe baela^* 
opep bpib bpymii- 
beojihte pcfnan* 
fpilc \nX maej-bupb* 
menijo yinpe* 
polc-beapnnm p|Kime* * 
ne Iset yn yin pephf pepan* 
pop^um api§leb« 
p^n ye punn peop'SeiS* 
beapn op bpybe- 
]nipb ^ebypb cumen* 
peiSe eptep bi8. 
yppep bfpbe. 
S^be msSpe* 
ne jeompa ]Fa* 
ic eom pe palbenb- 
pe ye pop pintpa pela* 
opcalbea* 
oeap^e flaebbe* 
peopqia pumne* 
jebet ye polc-ptebe- 
pfbe to jepealbe* 
ic ye p^pe nA- 
majo ebp^a* 
mine pelle* 



aball the sona 

gOTera thy beritage; 

but thine own child 

aball rule thy treasures, 

when thy flesh lieih. 

Behold the hearen ; 

tell its ornaments, 

the stars of the firmament, 

which now largely thdr 
10 gloriou'k beauty, 

widely deal, 

over the broad ocean 

brightly shine 7 

such shall be the family 

of thy people, 

excellent in its children. 

Let not thou thy soul be 

with sorrows bound ; 

yet to thee shall sons, 
» children from thy wife, 

come by birth, 

who shall after be 

guardians of thy heritage 

good and great. 

Be not thou sad; . 

I am the Powerful, 

who thee, many printers since, 

from the Chaldeans' 

<nty led, 
as some four of you, 

promised thee dwellings, 

ample in possession ; 

I thee now, 

parent of the Hebrews ! 

my covenant give. 



■ The conttructioD requires eajojisa. 



CiEDM0N*8 PARAPHRASE. 



133 



f jted. jipom-cynne- 
):olbe]Fine* 
fib lanb mani;* 
2efeteb jnipSan* 
eojiiSan ]xeataf • 
oiS eufpacen* 
^ jqiom ejypca* 
e%el-mea]ice* 
fpa* mib m&f ^ tpa* 
nfluf fceabeS* 
"jejr penbeiJ* jtt- 
pibe pice* 
eall ^ fculon £2^)^* 
eajzopan ]Flne« 
l^eob-lanba jehjnlc* 
fpa ]Fa ]7jieo paetep- 
fceape jTdn-byjuj- 
jtrpeamum bepinbaiS- 
f&mi^e pldbap • 
jiolc-maejSa byht*- 
]Fa yxf fappan- 
Y&ji on mdbe- 
f him abjiahame- 
aeiuj ne peapf • 
]yuph 2^bebfape- 
beajin -getmine* 
pjieolic CO Fpofpe- 
onjan ]^ peph^-ceapfj* 



10 



[101] 



that shall with thy offsprii^ 

lAe earthy 

many a spacious hind, 

be peopled^ 

earth's regions, 

uDto the Euphrates, 

and from the Egyptians* 

country-Emit, 

(which with two streams 

Nilus boundeth,) 

and unto the Mediterranean sea, 

spacious realms. 

All that shall own 

thy sons, 

each country, 

which those three waters 

(lofty towns of stone) 

with their streams surround, 

foamy floods, 

the boundary of nations.' 
Then was to Sarah 

pain in mind, 

that to them by Abram 

was not any, 

through marriage, 

child common, 

goodly, for comfiDrt. 

She began then, anxious in soul. 



■ The word xpa it here, and at line 16, a rdatire, like the German to. Thns 
also Beowulf : jlire-heojihtiiexani. jyafKteji hehn^cV. See Thorkelin't EdiL 
p. 10. 1. and Basket Gr. p. 206. 

^ JnnhiB has jiiVaj, hoth here and in hit transcript of JEtbic, MS. BodL 

* For ep: j^en^V pe, which seems Toid of an appropriate sense» 1 suspect we 
ought to read oV penbel jas. 

^ According to the Suppl. to Lye. bjhr signifies mya/at ^ mat im faa eoa- 
cvmml lini/et rtgiamum. It seems to-be sjnoaymons with the Ger. BachI; 
IsL and Daa. Bvgt. 



134 



c^DMON*s paraphrase; 



to pejie ffniim* 
pdjibum QiaefSIan* 
me ^f foppypnbe* • 
polbenb beopona* 
f ic maes-bajije* 

jAm midian- 

)iobepam unbep* 

eajzojium ]Finiim- 

nA fc eom qip^iia- 

f unc feo etyUjtBBf* 

aej:|ie feapSe* 

jipe^ SBtj^cbepe* 

ic eom 26omop-)^6b* 

bpihceo min* 

bo fpa ic ye bibbe* 

h^p ff pemne* 

fpeoleca maej* 

ibef ejj-ptifc. 

in 6n jepealbe* 

hfe ye yti jiecene* 

pejix S^ftijan* 

^ £puiba*' 

hpaeitep jijiea pile* 

snijne ]w« 

yjife-peajiba* 

on pojiulb Mean* 

faph f pfjp cuman* 

^a fe eabeja pep* 

ibepc Hpnm* 

2efap>be- 

heht lum ]»eop-memMn« 

on bebb 2^* 

bpybe Upom* 

bipe m6b ajxab* 

l^a beo ymy majo-nmbpe* 



to ber consort, 

witb words to speak :— 

' Me batb denied it 

the Lord of Heaven, 

tbat I of % 

fiamily may 

increase the number, 

under beaven, 

witb tby sons. 
10 Now I am bopdess, . ' 

tbat to OS tbe staff of our family 

will ever be 

given togetber* 

I am witb sadness worn. 

My lord, 

do as I pray tbee ; 

bere is a damsel, 

a comely maiden, 

an Egyptian woman, 
90 one in thy power : 

bid her tben to tbee stnugbt 

thy coucb ascend, 

and make trial, 

wbetber the Lord will 

to tbee any 

beir, . 

into the world let, 
. by tbis woman, come/ 
Hien tbe blessed man 
30 to the woman's counsels 

assented, 

bade the bond- woman to bim 

into bed to go, 

by bis wife's counsels. 
Her mind rose, 

wben sbe bad witb offspring 



CfiDMON'S PARAPHRASE. 



135 



be abnahftiiie* 
cacen pojiben- 
dnpm «F^aiicuni* 

half-pejT hepian* 
hije >iiy«€ jwBj. 
p«f laiSpenbo* 
luftum ne polbe* 
]^eopbom ^lian* 
Ac beo l^pifce ODj(pui« 
pit jupjuoi* 
fpiSe pionan* 

)>a ic f pip X«H«sn* 
pdpbum cySan- 
bipe man-bpibtiie* 
rndbep pop2^* 
f<p-fepbiS rae2^* 
J fpiSe cpaeS* 
ne jrpemcjT ^u jepypnu* 
'J pihc piiS me* 
l^apobejT ^u j^na* 
f me )^eop-meDnen* 
plSiSan <2ap ISe* 
ibepe lajise* 
bebb-pefte ji^pcab* 
fpa fc bina pi§p* 
bpebte bojopa jebpam* 
biSbum ^ p6pbuin* 
unilpkce f» 
Aguk^ pceal* 
pp ic m&: pop ]w* 



[man 



by AbraiD 
[IM] been increaacd ; 

«Ae soagbt witb intulu 
Aer mistress, 
stabbom^ to tcz, 
bore contumely in mind, 
ill-disposed, 
would not 
thraldom endnrc^ 
bat she boldly sought 
against Sarah 
▼ehemently to stride. 

Tlien, as I have heard, that 
made known in words 
to her lord 
her mind's sorrow, 
sore in soul sud, 
and strongly spake i-^ 
^ Thou doest not what is seemly 
and right towards me; 
thou hast still permitted 
that me the bond-wonum 
Hagar (since to thee 
the woman with step 
thy bed ascended, 
as I was suppliant,) 
hath vexed each day, 
by deeds and words. 
Disgracefully that 
shall Hagar rue, 
if I may for thee* 



■ MS. and Jaiuiu» bjiehva N>sojia sehsm. 

^ For iiMA I tnspectwe tboold read i jaji, and that kjicojian or sdbaa, or a 
verb of like import* baa been omitted in the line. 

< «'if I may for tbee/' i. e. if I might he olUmei. Again, on a aimilar occaakm. 
Sarah saya, x* J ic yealMn m6t. ^ 



136 



c.£DMON*s paraphrase; 



mine pealban- 


govern my own^ 


abjudiam kopa* 


beloved Abram ! 


yxy pe aslinihc^* 


of this be the Almighty 


[bjuhcna] * bjuhcen* 


the Lord [of lords] 


b^ma mib unc cpih* 


judge 'twixt ua two/ 


hipe y^ aebpe* 


Her then straight 


anbfpapobe* 


answered 


pSr.bjrbij p«p. 


the prudent man^ 


pdpbum fluttd- 


with his words ^x- 


ne foplaece ic ]w* 


10 * I will not forsake thee. 


)wnben pit lipa8 bd> 


[ 103] while we both live^ 


djuia leafe* 


of honours void^^ 


ic fa ]ym ^2^0 moft* 


but thou mayest thine own 


mennen iceon* 


servant treat. 


fpa yin m6b pjieoiS:* 


as thy mind liketh;' 


XXXll. 


XXXII. 


Da peapf 6nbk&* 


Then was unblithe 


abjiahamef q«n* 


Abram's wifie. 


hipe popc-]»eope* 


with her work-servant 


ppaiS on mdbe* 


wroth in mood : 


heajib ^ hpefSe* 


90 hard and cruel. 


hi2e-teonaii fpjiaec- 


her mind's hate spake^ 


fpsBcne on pemnan* 


fiercely agunst the damsel. 


heo ]>a ]Je6n jepit* 


She then fled 


]Fjiea ^ ]»eopbdm. 


invective and thraldom. 


^lian n£ polbe> 


would not endure 


ypd ^ onblein* 


evil and vengeance 


]F»f %e i§p bybe- 


for what she ere had done 


M j^ppan* 


to Sarah, 


ac beo on jiS jejrfr* 


but on her way she went 


pejren fScan* 


ao the waste to seek. 


]Kep hie pulbpef ^epi* 


There her a minister of glory. 



■ Hie word bjiihms b bere tnpplicd; the resemblance of wbich to bjiihren 
immediately following may have occasioned its omission by the scribe. 
^ i. e. efttldfoss. 



CiEDM0N*8 PARAPHRASE. 



137 



injiA bpihtnef • 

^eomop m^be* 

ft hie 2«opDe fpspi* 

hpbep prnbajT yu* 

jxafceapt ibef • 

p%af bpeojan* 

]f€c pppe ah* 

heo him «b]ie* 

aDbfpapobe* i« 

ic fleah pean paiia- 

pihia 2^hpilcef • 

hhefbijan hete. 

heaD Of picum* 

cpejan ^ ceonan* 

nu fceal teaju; hleop* [ 104 ] 

<m p^jtrenne* 

picobef bfban* 

hponne op heopcan* 

hun2ep o^Se P^lp- tt 

papk 3 ppjc 

fomeb abp^s^' 

hipe ya. pe eDjel* 

anbppapobe- 

ne ceapa J^u peop be6ooQ« 

pleime bafilan* 

fompipt {ncpe* 

ic ya pece epc* 

eapha ye £pa* 

eaiSmdb onpn> 90 

bpeojan spcep bujeiSuin* 

pej* bpihcen holb* 

yvL pcealc ijap* 

abpahame punu* 

on populb bpinjan* 

IC ye p<$pbuin n6- 



on angel of the Lord, 



•ad in mood, 

who her earnestly asked :^ 

' Whither art thoni hastening, 

poor damsd, 

to endure thy lot ? 

Thee Sarah owned.' 

She him forthwith 
answered :~- 

' ' I fled from evil, (bcking 
of every wish,) 
from my lady's hate, 
(poor firom the dweUing-plaoe,) 
torment and insult. 
Now shall I, with tearful hce, 
in /Ae waste 
my doom abide; 
when from my heart 
hunger or wolf 
soul and sorrow 
shall at once have torn.' 

Her then the angd 
answered :— 

'Care not thou, far firom hence, 
by flight to part 
your fellowship, 
but seek thou it again ; 
earn to thee hcmour, 
hiwible, strive - 
to act according to virtue; 
be to thy lord faithful; 
thou, Hagar, shalt 
to Abram a son 
bring into the world. 
I to thee now. with my 



. • • » 



138 



CifiDMON'S PARAPHRASE. 



f fe majo-puic fceal* 
mib 5'lbiim pepn* 
ipnahel bacen* 
fe biS iGiiib}7ie* 

pi'Sejibpeca* 
pepa cneojujjQin* 

bine monije dn* 
fpaSe pmnaS* 
mib pflepen-ypcce* 
Of yam fjram jajiiim* 
folc apaecDiaS* 
l^eob tinmaece* 
jfipt ya ybme eft- 
palbenb fScan* 
puna y«m ^e iffm* 
beo ya. aebpe ^efit* 
en^lef Uimin* 
bijie Uafojibiim* 
fpa fe balpi bebeab* 
jobef i§jienb-2*rt* 
jleapan fpjiaece* 
%a peajiiS abpabame* 
ifmael j^bdpen* 
efne ]ya be on pojiulbe^ 
pntpa baefbe* 

funa pe6x ^ IMb* 
fpa fe enjel ^]i* 
]FQpb bif <2^n ptfjib* 
pfile fjieoto-fcealc* 
frfinnan fscjpe* 
^feiSeoben- 
ymb xui. 2^<p* 



words say, 
tbat tbe boy sball, 
'mongst men, be 
Isbmad called. 
He sball be fierce, 
blood-tldrsty, 
an adTersary 
to the tribes of men, 
to bis kindred; 
10 on him many 
sball fiercely war, 
witb weapon's force. 
From tbese patriarchs 
sball spring a people, 
a vast nation. 
Go tbou again thy 
lord to seek, 
dwell witb tbose who own tbee.' 

Sbe then forthwith went, 
so through the angel's precepts, 
to her lords, . . 

as the holy one commanded, 
God's messenger-spirit, 
[ 105 ] witb speech discreet. 

Then was to Abram 
Isbmad bom, 
just when he in the world 
xcinters had 
six and eighty. 
30 The son waxed and throve, 
as the angel erst, 
through his own word, 
the faithful minister, 
[106] to the damsel said. 

Then tbe Supreme, 
after thirteen years. 



CJSOHON'S PARAPHRASE. 



139 



e06 bpibcra* 

jnS ftbpahaine rpjufic* 

leopi fpa ic ^ lifipe- 

I»]T unqie pel* 

cpcop-pvbeime* 

ic ]w on tiba jel^poiM* 

bupiSmn jrepe* 

pef ^ biSbiiiii f[i6m* 

piDan mfnef • 

ic ]« fflSpe fopV* 

f6Se j^Uqxe* 

^ le ]w fealbe jco* 

p)ioj7ie to pebbe* 

i«f ^fn jxphS bemd[|m< 

l^tt fceak halpan* 

lujieb )>{nne« 

fete pjopef dEcn* 

f 68 on jehpilcne* 

paepaeb^nnef* 

hlapojib habban* 
oS'Se holbne jipeonb* 
]yfnum fjiomcjune* 
ic yxf ];x>Icef beo« 
bypbe 3 healbenb* 
PF S^ k}7ia% me* 
bjieoft-jchysbnm* 
3 beboba pillaS* 
min nillian* 
rceal monna jehpilc- 
l^aepe cneopifpe* 
cdbifc pefan* 
p»pneb-c}*nnef* 
^f ]w on populb c^miS* 
ymb feopon niht* 
pjopef ticnc* 



10 



tie Lord eternal, 

with Abram spake :— - 

* Belored, as I thee teadi, 

perform thou wdl oar 

oorenant: . 

I thee^ at every time^ 

will raise with honours ; 

be thoii in deeds strenuous^ 

according to my will : 

I the compact still 

will truly esceciite^ 

which of old I gave thee, 

in pledge of comfort, 

because thy soul mourned. 

Ihou shalt hallow 

thy fimiily, 

set a sign of triumph, 

true, on each 

of the male kind, 

if thou wilt in me 

hare a Lord, 

or faithful friend 

to thy offspring. 

I will be this people's 

pastor and ruler, 

if ye obey me 

in your bosom-thoughts, 

and my commandments 

will fulfil. 

Shall every man 

of this race, 

being childish, - 

of the male kind, [oometh, 

from when he into the world 

after se\'en nights, 

with the sign of triumph. 



140 



C^DMON^S PARAPHRASE. 



^eigacb me* 

ciSSe Of eopSan* 

^uph feonbfape* 

feip. ibsfileb* 

ibjufen fpom bupifum- 

h66 fpa ic hate* . 

ic eop cpeopige* 

pp le f ticen se^iiS. 

'pn fceak prnu ^jan* lo 

beapn be bpybe ^inpe* 
]K>ne fculon buph-pttenbe* 
ealle ijiic liatan* [m^an* 

ne ]^eapp ]^ Jiaef eappan fceo- 
Ac ic ]Fam majo-pince* 
mine fylle* 
jobciinbe pf e* 

jafter mihtum. 

ppeonb-fpeb pjiemum* 

he oupSa pceal*' » 

blijje minpe* 

3 bletpmje* 

lapan 3 lijje* 

op ]^am leob-ppuman* 

bpdb pole cumaS* 

bpejo-peapba pela* 

p6pe aplpaS* 

pfcep b^bap* 

populb-cyninsap* 

pibemipe:* [107] 

XXXIII. 



Abpaham^i* 
opepcum lejbe* 
Ueop on eopSan* 
J mib huqpe bepanb< 



31 



Ae to me dedicated, - 

or from the earthy 

by enmity, 

for parted, 

driven from good. 

Do as I command, 

I confide to you, 

if ye that sign observe, 

the tme fsith. 

Thou shalt have a son, 

a child, by thy bride, [towns 

whom shall the inhabitants of 

all caU Isaac - [this son. 

Thou needest not shame thee of 

for I to the youth 

will give my 

grace divine, 

through the spirit's powers, 

many friends for benefits : 

he shall partake 

my bliss 

and blessings 

love and favour. 

From that patriarch 

a wide-spread folk shall come, 

many princes 

renowned shall arise, 

guardians of the realm, 

worldly kings, 

widely great.' 

XXXIII. 

Abram then 

laid in haste 

his face on earth, 

and with slighting turned 



C£DMON*8 PARAPHRASE. 



141 



on hije ffnimi* 

be Ydcf nmUhmgff* 

pelf ne p^nbe* 

f him fftppa- 

bpyb blonben-peax* 

bjunjan meahee* 

on popalb puna* 

pjte zeappe* 

f f p{p bttjm* 

pintpa bxfbc* 

epie c* 

2eceleb jilmef • 

be ya, metobe ODCptfS* 

ini]*]iipum ipA*^ 

hf^e ipnael* 

Upum fpiloe* 

J^eoben ]Ffnum* 

^ ]^ ^anc pejc* 

beajibpaebne byje- 

beoptan jxpanje* 

to bpeojanne* 

baejef ^ nibcef • 

p<$pbum 3 bi6bom« 

piUan yinn^i 

bim ytL pejepe* 

jrpea 8*lmibt^* 

ice bpibcen- 

anbfpapobe* 

^ fceal pintpnm fp^b* 

on populb bpiDjio* 

fappa pinu* 

Y6i jopXigin* 



10 



Creator^ 



tboae reveibcioiia 

in bia mind, 

Aif thongbt. 

He^ at that time of day, 

weened not himself, 

that to bim Sarah, 

bia fur-haiied* wife;, 

could bring 

into ihe world m son; 

he knew well 

that the woman, at least, 

had wintera 

juat a hundred, 

of number told. 

Then qpake he to A 
stricken in years : — 
* May Ishmael live 
as it were in thy 
precepts, O Lord 1 
and bear thee thanks, 
with stedfast nund, 
strong heart, 
to execute^ 
by day and night, 
by words and deeda, 
thywilL' 

Him then frir 
ihe almighty Ruler, 
ihe eternal Lord, 
answered :— 

' To thee, stricken in years, shall 
bring into ihe worid 
Sarah a son, 
he truly come forth 



• Perba|M whiit^kmrtd^ in sllution to ber sge, though thk traadalkm ssiln 
bst ill viUi what follows ictpccting Abimclcdi. 



142 



CiEDM0N*8 PARAPHRASB. 



ptfpb-2emeajiciim« 
fc ijmael* 
eftum pile* 
bletpan nd* 
fpa ]Fa b£na eapt* 
^inum j:|iuin-beaiiae« 
f feoph-bapi* 
on populb-pioe* 
pojm jebibe* 
tanum tubjie* 
]m yBdf ttSa beo- 
hpaebpe Ic iface- 
eapopan ]>fniiin« 
jeoopim beajuie* 
^am ]Fe ^en nff • 
on pojialb cumen* 
pilla fpebum* 
biijeSa -gehyUcpe* 
on bapim pile* 
fprSoji ft^pan* 
*} hun fdSe to* 
m^bef p8§pe* 
mine 2eMftan^* 
halije hije tpeapa* 
^ hun bolb pefan* 
abpaham j^emebe- 
fpa bim fe ica bebdEb* 
pecte ppiSo-eicn* 
be jrpetn bsSfe* 
on bij-pelpep pinu* 
bebc f pepi pepan* 
beah j^bpilcne* 
ye hip bma paep* 
pcpneb-cynnep* 

• MS. ffpt. 



sball, according to these ' 

promises. 

I Ishmad 

bomiteonsly will 

now blesSy 

as thou art suppliant, 

thy first-bom child, 

that life-days, 

in the world's realm, 

10 he many may abide;, • 
\rith spreading progeny ; 
this thou shall obtidn : 
yet I Isaac, 
thy son, 

thy young chDd, 
who is not yet to thee 
come into the world, 
with speed to his wishes, 
with every good, 

» in time, will' 

much more honour, 

and to him truly 

my mind^s coFenant 

will perform, 

a holy spiritual compact, 

and to him be gracious.* 

Abram did 
as him the Eternal bade, 
set a sign of peace, 

as at the Lord's behest^ 
on his own son, 
bade it a sign to be; 
circumcised each one « 
who his domestic was, 
of the male land ; 

^ MS. xcfaetaa. 



CiBDMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



US 



faspe 

jleap on mdbe* 

ia, him jfjh fealbe^ 

f6iSe cpeopa* 

-J ya, peolf onfen;* 

cophnim tScne* 

i hif t!p-metob« 

hSwfsefC cyninj* 

bu^e^um lecte* 

on populb-ploe* 

he him yxf pophte ca' 

pS&n he on f^jie* 

pqif urn meahte* 

hif palbenbef • 

pillan j^emman^* 



mindful of the compacty 
in mind sagacious, 
when God him gaye. 
a true coFenant; 
[ 108 ] and then himself recdved 
I A« illustrious token. -*' 

Ever his glorious Creator, 
ike powerful king, 
with good increased him, 
M in Me world's kingdom; 

therefore this did he to himself. 

After that he on hi$ journeying 
might moreover • 
his Lord's 
win execute 



)>a f pfp ahloh* 
pejieha bjiihcnef • 
nallef 2l^lice* 
£c heo 2capum jji6b* 
]K>ne hieo&ji-cpybe* 
hufoe bele2be* 



[ 109 ] Then the woman laughed 
at the Lord of hosts, 
not gladly, 

hut she, stricken in yearst, 
» the revdation 

with slight considered. 



* The sense of these five lines is not clear* and seems to depend on what 
shoold follow. 
^ At this part of the MS. axe evident vestiges of a leaf that has been cnt o«L 



144 



CJEDMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



on repan fpiSe* 

f^ ne jelfpbe- 

f ywjkie fppaoe* 

fp^b fol2obe- 

J» f sebypbe. 

heopona palbenb- 

f on bdjie alidp* 

bpyb abjiahamef • . 

hihdeapie hleahtoji- 

^i cjwS balij job* 

ne pile pappan** 

r^Selfpan* 

pdpbmnminum. 

fceal peo pypb ppa ]?eah« 

pop^jfteaHian* 

fpa ic ]w aec j^ymVe 2eliet< 

r^ ic ]^ pec^e* 

on ]«f jylpm tfb« 

op ibepe bi8« 

eapopa paecneb- 

]K>nne ic ]mp ilcan« 

oSpe fiSe- 

pfc 2®pece- 

]^ beof popn j^bfe* 

min jcb^pteb. 

]^u on ma^an pbteft* 

^in Agsn beapn* 

abpabam leopa* 

XXXIIII. 

Depicon bim |nt i§bpe* 
ellop pApe* 
aepcep (aepe pppsce* 
pp^bum pepan* 



10 



much in her mind ; 
she in sootb believed not 
tbat to that speech 
event would follow. 

When it heard 
heaven's Ruler^ 
that in her bower raised 
Abraham's wife 
joyless laughter^ 
then sadd the holy God : — 
' Sarah will not 
in sooth beKeve 

my words; 

that event shall 3ret 

come to pass, [mised. 

as I to thee, at the be|^ning pro- 

In sooth I say to thee, 

on this very time^, 

of the woman shall be 

a son bom. - 

When I this same, 

a second time, 

dwelling seelc, 

to thee shall be my many 

promises fulfilled : 

thon on thy son shalt look, 

thine own chfld, 

beloved Abram ! ' 

XXXIIII. 

Quickly then departed, 
rapidly elsewhere, 
after that speedi, . 
journeying with speed 



* jmjijisn ocean eltewbcre as a DomiiiatiTe. 

^ "at thb set time io the next ycar.''--<3cn. zriL 81. 



CiEDMON^S PARAPHRASE. 



145 



10 



Of yBMxi Ueo&p-ftebe* 

lafcaj- lejbon* 

him j«f leohcef maej* 

olS f hie on foboman* 

peall-jxeape bnpj* 

phnin meahooo* 

jej-apon ojpep* pnoe- 

plohhpan* 

peceb opeji jieabum 2olbe* 

on^an Y^l pobepa palbenb- 

ijtpejz piS abpaham fpp^can- 

faejbe him tolyeel jpell- 

fc oo i^iir® bypis* 

beaphtm j^hype* 
jynmjjui cyjun* 
fpiSe hliibne* 
ealo-^alpa ^ylp* 

pejiob unbeji peallum habban- 

}X>p]H>n paep-lojona pnt> 

}X>lce-p])eiia hep^e* 

ic piUe pmbi^an ntl* 

majo eb]i&* 

hpaec ]^ meo b6n« 

pp hie rpa jjiSe. 

pynna ppemmaf • 

^apum ^ 2^]miicam* 

fpa hie on ]>peoph pppecaS* 90 

pacen j Snpt* 

f fceal ppecan* 

rpcpyl 3 ppcapc K5. [110] 



* That u, ojejkhlipaiif per fmetM. — ^In the foDowing line Uipan mvitbe 
dcntood. pnc, though signifyiog diver, eeemi to be the Ger. Zink* now applied 
to a diffcicttt BMlaL 



from the phioe ct levdatioo^ 

the holy spirits 

bent ^Anr steps; 

to them was the son of light 

himself as companion^ 

tin that they <m Sodom's 

lofty walled city 

might look. * 

7%^ saw in nlver 

its halls towering, 

its palaces in roddy gold. 

Began thenMeRuler of Meskies, 
/Ae Just, with Abraham to speak ; 
said tolum no little discourse :— ^' 
' I in this dty 
suddenly hear 
the uproar of sinners 
very loud, 

the ale-drunkards' yaunt, 
evil speech [walls ; 

the multitude haring anud those 
verily of those impious are 
the public crimes heavy. 
I will now seek to know, 
parent of the Hebrews, 
what those men do ; 
if they so greatly 
commit sins, - 
in practices and thoughts, 
as they perversdy speak 
fraud and giule. 
That shall avenge 
sulphur and swart flame. 



146 



CiED110N*S PARAPHRASE. 



j^pe J jjumine* 
Ii<t ^ haefte* 
hsef num folce:- 

XXXV. 

Pepaf bafoebon* 
p5te*loccaf* 
pe^n unbep peallum* . 
heojia pfp fomeb- 
bujuSum planoe* 
bpihtne jalbon* 
2^ mib jnypne* 
oi f jajra helm* 
llfej leoht-fpuina* 
leu; ne polbe* 
topn l^popijeaii* 
ic bim t6 fenbe* 
ftiiSmdb cyninj* 
ftpanje tpe^eu* 
ijiaf fine* 
]Fa on i§fen-tib* 

foboma ceaftpe* 
hie yh tet bupli-2eate* 
beojin jcmittoii- 
f^lpie pctan- 
pina aponej • 
f yaxa jleapan pejie* 
jeonje ]Fahcoii- 
men p>p hif e£2am« 
apif ]ya metobej- l^eop* 

jjiitan eobe* 
cu^ cnfhce. 
cynna j^mnnbe* 
pihc ^ jepipio. 



-^^i 



10 



sorely and grimly, 
heat and scordung, 
[ 111 ] on the heathen folk/ 

XXXV, 

7%e men awidted 

the bonds of punishment^ 

woe 'mid their waUflj 

their women also. 

Arrogant in prosperity, 

they paid to the Lord 

good with grudging, 

till that the Chief of spirits, 

the bright Source of life, 

longer would not 

suffer anger, 

but to them sent 

the stem-minded King 

two strong angeb, 

his messengers, 

who, at eFen-tide, 

by journey sought 

Sodom's city. 

They then at the town-gate 
found the chief 
himself sitting, 
the son of Haran ; 
so Uiat to the sagacious man 
they seemed young . . 
men before his eyes. 

Arose then tfte Lord's servant 
towards the spirits, 
went to greet 
the guests familiarly, 
minded of nations 
the right and fitting customs. 



» 



I 



CiBDMON'S PARAPHRASE. 



147 



•J ]^am pinciim beaK- 


and offered to the men 


nibr-feojunuogc • 


nightly repast. 


him fa nepjenbef 


Him then the Preserrer's 


mMe vpenbpan* 


noble messengera 


anhiyapobon* 


answered : — 


hapi ipna fane* 




]mpa )»e yn Anc bube- 


which thou hast offered us ; 


pic be l^ijje pquke* 


we by this street 


jnlle ^DcalS- 


tlunk tranqofl 


jt^lef biban* 


!• to abide the time. 


plSSan puine e|X- 


when the sun agmn 


fopiS c6 mopjen* 


forth tomorrow . 


mecob Ap poplaee* 


[118] /Ae Lord up Shan lead.' 


%a CO fdcum loch^* 


Then to hi$ feet Lot 

• 


]>am pefcum bnali* 


to the guests bowed. 


"J him geopne beab* 


and them warmly offered 


pejre -j jepeopba* 




J hif pecebcf hieop. 


and his dwelling's shelter. 


-J I^epiunse- 


and hU service. 

• 


hie on ]»anc cupon- 


SD They thankfully abetted 


aeSehnjef ^jr- 


the chieftain's bounty. 


eobon fona* 


went forthwith, .. 


fpa hmi pe ebpipca* 


as them the Hebrew 


eopl pipabe* 


earl directed, ' 


m unhep ebopap • 


in under hie dwelling ; 


]>aep him pe aeSela jeap « 


where them the noble gave. 


jleap-pephiS haele* 


the sagaaous man. 


pepc-hSnypre. 


entertainment 


peSie on pletce- 


fair, in hie abode. 


06 f popiS jepic- 


90 till that forth departed 


i§pen-pcima« 


the evening splendour. 


]^a com aepcep nihc* 


Wlien night came after. 


on lapc bae2e* 


following the day. 


lajtt-fcpeamap ppeah* 


covered the watery streams. 


•The line 


in alUterttdoB with tfab is wsatiBg. 


I.S 





148 



CiEDMON*S PARAPHRASB. 



]ypym mib ^j^tpo* 

ptf ^ ffb lanb* 
oomon fobom-pape* 
geon^e "j ealbe* 
jobe tinleope* 
copfSpum midttin- 
cuman icpaa* 
f hie behaejrbon* 
hepjef maejne* 
16th mib peftam* 
hecon laeban tic* 
Of ]»ain hean hope* 
hal^e ipaf • 
pq^f to 2«pealbe* 
p^pbum cfseboa* 
f mib ^am haeleSum* 
haeman polben* 
ilnfctfmhce* 
ijmxL ne jynibeii- 
l^a apif hpa'Se* . 
feiSe opt piSb on^eat* 
loth on pecebe* 
€obe laii2pe At* 
fppsec ^a ofep ealle* 
8eSebii2a jebpiht* 
pinu iponq** 
jnytpa ^emjnhi^* 
hip, fynbun lime* 
Anpemme tpa- 
bohtop mine- 
bd5 fpa ic eop bibbe* 
ne can ^pa ibept- 
opSep jpeta* 
yixjih jebebfcipe* 
beopna neapeft* . 



[US] 



their maafly with the darlmesa ' 

of thia lifey 

the seas and spaciooa land, 

came the inhabitants of Sodom, 

young and did, 

hateful to God, 

in great multitudes, 

to demand the strangers ; 

to that they beset, 

by power of their hand, 

Lot with the guests ; 

hade him lead out, 

firom the lofty dwelling, 

the holy messengers, 

the men into their power; 

said with words, 

that ^th the men 

they would hare to do, 

shamdessly, — 

of decency they recked not. 

Then quickly rose 
he who counsel oft devised. 
Lot in his habitation ; 
and went forthwith out. 
Then spake over all 
the assemblage of men 
the son of Haran, 
of prudence mindful :-«- 
^ Here are ^thin 
two unsullied 
daughters nune ; 
do as I pray you, 
(of those damsels knoweth not 
either ye^ 
through marriage, 
men's intercourse,) 



CiEDMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



149 



tc eop jylle ^* 
2&P 2® fceonbe* 
piS jefceapu fjiemmen* 

ylba beajinum* 

onjr^S )Mem paemnum- 

laeca'S jijuS i^;^^^* 

pfCEf mine* 

]m ic pop 2ob pille* M 

^emunbbypban* 

pf Sc mdc pop eop* [ ^^^ ] 

liim ]m peo maenigeo* 

^ujik jemi^ne pdpb* 

dpleape cpi* 

aDbppapobe* 

]^ip ]^mce)S 2^]upDe« 

^ jiiht micel* 

^ l^u ISe i pepije* 

op l^ippe polc-pceape* » 

Jm ]>ap pep-'Seobe* 

ppaeccan lapte* 

ppeonba peapceapt* 

peoppan j^fohtept* 

l^ine ^eappenbe- 

pile "Bu pp ]ni inopt- 

pepan uppep li^p* 

albop-bema- 

leobum Upeop* 

l^a ic on lothe jeppaepi* ao 

haeiSne hepe-maec^ap- 

bibbum jpfpan- 

paum polmum- 

him pj'Iptdn pel* 



and escbew Uiat sin. 

I win giVe yon these, 

ere ye ahame [petratey 

agunst the conunandmenU per- 

opprobrioas evil, 

with the children of men. 

Receive the damsek ; 

let peace possess 

my guests, 

whom I before God will 

protect 

against yon, if I may.* 

Him then the many, 
with conunon voice, 
the worthless race, 
answered:-— 
^ This seemeth fitting 
and much right, 
that thou thyself for ever take 
from this people. 
Thou this nation, 
with exile step, 
destitute of friends, 
soughtest from fKt, 
thy needy oneB. 
Wilt thou, if thou may, 
be here our 
chief judge, 
a teacher to our people }' 

Then, I have learned, on Lot 
the heathen leaders 
seized with their hands, 
with hostile grasp. 
Him well supported 



■ MS. and Joaiiis ijoa- 



150 



GJEDMOifS PARAPHRASE. 



10 



^ hine op 2Ji^nip& yi* 

ciiman ^ppejre^ 

clommum abpnjbon^ 

In unbep ebojiaf • 

'J yti ofjdioe* 

£npa jehpilcuin- 

ymbftanbenbpa* 

folcef foboma- 

fBSjz^ foppfeon* 

lieap>b-peiia- 

peapIS eal bepe fona- 

buph-papena bbnb* . [115] 

abpecan ne meabcon- 

peSe mdbe* . • 

peceb aejptqi pftum- 

fpa bie pinbebon* 

ic ymji jgidme p^pon* 

jobep fpell'^boban- .^ 

baepbe pp^ nue^en* « 

jftiSe ftpen260* . 

jrypnbe ]7i«e. 

pepobe mib pioe* 

fppscon p6pbom ]m* 

paele jppeoSo-fcealcar* . 

•ffp ]m piiia jje* 

oVSe fpaspie nuej* 

oSiSe on ^ijjum polcum- . . 

ppeonb aempie* ao 

eic ]»i]jum ibepim* 

'pe pe b^p onpbtaS- 

aWbe oj: pjfyye leob-b^pi;- 

^a "Se leppe pen* 



isguesto. 



[oner* 



and bun tben from those furious 
(tbe rigbteous stiangers) 
dutdies drew, 
in under the dwelling, 
and tben instantly, 
to every one 

of tbose standing around, 
of Sodom's folk, 
hst obstructed 

their power of sigbt. [semblage 
At once became the wbole as- 
of citizens Jblind, 
they migbt not breaks ' 
in savage mood, « 

the bouse after the guests, 
as tbey desired, 
for tbere were powerful 
God's messengers; . 
27le guests iiad force, « 
rigid strengtb, •: , 
mucb they cbastised 
the multitude witb pun. . 
. Spake tben witb words-. 
M« faitbful nunisters 
fidr to Lot: — 
^ If tbou bave a son, ' - 
or beloved kinsman, 
or, among tbese people, 
any Mend, 
to tbese damsels also 
tbat we bere bebold, 
lead from tbis city 
tbose wbo are dear, to tbee, 



* %iT^, if not an error for ];ijnraj« tcemft bere to be vsed eoUectively : yet tee 
Gen. xix. 1%, \9» 21, wbere Uie same confatwn of Domber 



IrfMI 



.^ ^^^.-^:^. >r - . ^^^ . ,.^ ^^^j^ 



CJ£DMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



151 



I 



ofcjcum midniii* 
^ \ia ealbop nepe- 
]yy bef ]ni poppeopSe* 
mib l^yrpm p^p-losan. 
line hic palbenb lieht* 
jX)p pe]ia [ynnuiii* 
foboma ^ 2^moppa> 
fpeaptan llje* 
ryjie jefyllan. 
-] ]yaf pole fle£ii* 
cynn on cea]t;iiiim> 
mib q)ealm-]ypea. 
^ hif topn ppecan* 
]?8epe tlbe ip« 
nrah jej^punjen* 
jepic ]yu nepjean ]^in* 
peojdi jiolb-peje* . 
)^ If FP^^ milbe^* 



10 



[in] 



with utmost speed, 

and thy life save, 

lest thoa perish 

^th these fidse ones* 

Us hath the Lord commanded, 

for the men's smsy 

Sodom and Gomorrah - 

to the swart flame, 

to the fire to g^ve, 

and the folk to strike^ 

the nation^ in their dties, . 

with deadly penalty, > 

and his anger wreak. ^ 

To that time t# is 

neairly come. 

Go thou, to save thy 
life, on the earth's way,— > 
to thee is the Lord kind.' 



XXXVI. 

' m • • • 
• • • 



XXXVL 






turn ]ya aebpe* 
loth anbfpapobe* 
ne nne; ic nub ibejiun* 
albop-nepe mine* 
fpa peop heonon« 



Them then straight 

Lot answered :— - 

^ I cannot with the women 

my life's safe^ 

so hi from hence. 



• Here a leaf bu been nit out of the MS. containing the end of Canto XXXV. 
and tlie beginnbg of Canto XXXVl. 



152 



CiEDUON^S PARAPHRASB. 



pXe jjejicMB* 

-ffc me pbb-liqpaa* 

-} fpeootqnpe- 

fsgiectSaV- 
tjieope J hylbo* 
tiSuKS me* . 
Sc ybc heah-boph- 
htjL ine neah* 
lyde ceajl^* 
lypaS me ^p* 
<jie *] pejtx* . 
]^ pe albop-nqie- 
on pjoji tip* 
jecan mocen* 

Vf V^ f pqtjcn- 

jrypejnllttS* 

fteape fopjraiiban* 

on yssjie ftope pe* 

jepinbe majon. 

fselef bfban* 

feoph jenepijan* 

him yti ppeonblice* 

en2laf dppejce* 

anbfpapebon* 

)ni fcealt l^aepe bene* 

nu ^n ymb ]»a buph rPP}'C]T« 

tilSa peopiSan* 

ten; pecene t6* 

l^am fseftenne* 

pic ye jipiSe bealbaS- 

^ munbbypbe* 

ne moton pyt on pagp-lojum 

ppecan tdpn jobep* 

fpebban fynni; cjnn* 

»p^n ^u on f«sop ]y{n- 



bye 
jomnej 
Toato me lore 
and friendship 
kindly show, 
faith and bxaar 
grant me: 
I know lofty town 
here, one nigh, 
little dty; 
allow me there 
food and rest, 
that we an. asylnm 
up in Zoar 

may seek; « 

if ye that fastness 
wiU firom fire, 
thai lofty /otrif, protect, 
in that place we 
may safe . 
a while abid^ 
and our lives save.' 
Him then kindly 
the righteous angeh 
answered : — 

* Thou of that prayer shalt 
(now thou of that city speakest) 
be in possession : 
hasten forthwith to 
that fastness ; 
we in peace will hold thee, 
and in protection ; 
nor may we on the faithless 
wreak God's anger, 
sweep away the sinfiil rac^ 
ere that thou into thy Zoar 



CJEDM0N*8 PAIUPHRASE. 



153 



b«a)iii 2^1l^* 
^ bp^b fCNiieb* 
ba oD6Ct0* 
abpahamef maej* 

feSe ne fpajiobe* 

eojU nub ibepim* [118] 

ic be offtam popIS* 

lajxaf lejbe* 

08 ^ he 2^1aebbe* m 

bpyb mib beapnum* 

unbeji bojih-locan* 

m jv^op Uf - 

^ pinne &p« 

p>lca (PI'S- canbel* 

pipiSum eobe- [ 1 1^ ] 

]m ic fenban jeppcpi* 

fpcjlcf albop- 

fpejJ Of beojaium* 

^ fpeapcne If^* sd 

pepum CO plte* 

peuUenbe pyp- 

J^sep bie on i§p-bapim* 

bpibten tynbon* 

lanje j^paje. 

him j^aep lean popjealb* 

japta palbenb* 

2p'p heah-]ypea« 

on haeSen-cyun- 

hlynn peapiS on ceapqium* so 

cipm dpleafpa* 

q>eahnep on 6pe« 

USan cynnep* 

1^ eall popnim* 



bast thy duldren led, 
and thy wife alio/ 

TI1C0 hastened 
Abraham's kinsman 
to that fitttness ; 
steps spared not 
the earl with the women, 
but, with utmost haste, he onward 
bent hie course, 
tin that he led 
hie wife with the diildren, 
anud the dty-baniers|, 
into his Zoar, 
as the sun up, 
the life-candle* of nations, 
just had mounted* 

Then, I have learned, sent 
the Prince of the firmament 
sulphur from heaven, 
and swart flame, 
for punishment on those men, 
boiling fire; 

for that they, in former days, 
had vexed the Lord 
for long season : 
for this paid them their reward 
the Ruler of spirits, 
capital punishment seized 
on the heathen race; 
din was in the dties, 
the cry of the dissolute 
at the point of death, - 
of the loathed race : 
flame consumed all 



* f jiiV it here again uacd for jccojth^ a* ia f jiiV-sc^« p» fi9» I* S7* 



154 



CJ£DMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



f he spenef p>nb* 
^olb-buppim in« 
fptlce yxji ymbfitaa* 
tinljTelMl. 
jlbpe folban* 
jeonbpenbeb pKf • 
bpjne ^ bptfjan* 
beappaf pupbon* 
to axan ^ to yflan* 
eopSan paejrmaf *• 
epne ]*pft pibe* 
jpa %a pSte-Uc'« 
peSe jepaehton* 
pfim lanb pepa* 
ftpubenbe pyp* 
irxipef T jeApep. 
fpo;^^^ fopfpealh* 
eall eabop* 
f 6n fob6ina byp^* 
pec^ap ahtoii- 
3 on jomoppa* 
eall f 2^ rpilbe* 
ppea mib y^ folce- 

leoba Up-jebfl* 
lothep jebypbe* 
bpf b on buppim- 
unbepbaec befeah- - 
piS ^r psel-pyllep* 

f heo on fealt-fdbef « 
ponapnpbe-^. 

Aniicnejje- 
aefpe piSISan* . 



that it found green 

in the golden cities. 
Thus there around, 

no small part 

of the wide land 

was overspread 

with burning and dismay; 

the groves became 

cinders and ashesy 
10 and the fruits of earth : 

even as far 

as those inflictions 

dire extended^ 

men's spacious land 

the ravaging fire, 

up and around, 

raging swallowed ; 

all dwellings 

that in Sodom-dty 
so men possessed, 

and in Gomorrah, 

all that God destroyed, 

the Lord, widi tiie people. 
When that fire-crash, 

the death of nations, 

heard Lot's 

wife in the cities, 

she backward looked 

towards the fiital ruin. 
30 TTie Scriptures tell us * 

that she into a salt-stone^s 

likeness 

straight became. 

Ever since 



I'' 



• MS. and Jviiiiu fKjtma. 



CJEDUON^S PARAPHRASE. 



155 



j« moa-Kca* 

f If mifipe rp^n* 

jnUepunobe* 
]»rp hie fcpan; be^eac* 
ptte ]wf bco pdpbimi* 
pulbpef l^cpiA* 
hypan ne polbe* 
nH fceal heapb 3 |*tei[p* 
on ^am ptcum* . • 
pypbe biban* 
bpihcnef bdmcf • 
bponne bojopa plm* 
populb jepfre* 
f If punbpa piin* 
{mpa %e 2«pophee* 
pulbpef albop:- 

XXXVII. 

J>im }« abpaham jepic 
£na ^An^an* 
mib i^p-baeje- 
^ he eft* jefC^fb* 
}«p pdpbum ifip* 
pi% hif palbenb fppaec- 
fpdb fpum-j^pa* 
he 2q^ah ff om folban« 
£p pibe fleojan* 
pael-gunime pte« 
hie J^aef plenoo onpdb* 
'J pln-2^pync- 
f hie fipen-bflfiba* 
to fpece papbon* 
ffnna ^pifte* 
j*6% ofep^eicon* 



the huinaii imase 
(that is OH awfiil lak) 
hath ooQtiniied stilly ... 
where her o*ertook stem 
punishmentyfor that she the vords 
of the ministers of glory . . 
would not obey. 
Now hard and steep must she, 
in those places, • ' \ : . 
M her fate abide, 
the Lord's doom, • 
when^ through number of days;, 
the world shall have passed away* 
That is one of Me wonders, . 
of tho^ which wrov^t' " 
[1*213 /Ae Prince of glory4 .^ 

XXXVM. 

Abraham then went 

journeying alone, 

with early dawn,- 
SD «o that he again stood' 

where ere, in words, 

he with his Lord spake, 

fAe sagacious patriardi. . 

He saw firom earth 

up widely fly- 

the grim smoke of death. 

Pride had them so invadedj . 

and wine-drinking,* . 

that they in wicked deeds 
as were too audacious, * 

daring in sins ; 

they in sooth forgot " 



* MS. and Juiiot liej;:t.' 



156 



CJEDM0N*8 PARAPHRASE. 



bjuhtnef Mmq*. 

J hpa him bujeSa fojijidaf* 

blaeb on buppim* 

jx>]i]^ii him bp^o enjhi* 

pylm-hfene lij* 

t6 j^paeoe fenbe* 

palbenb afpeji* 

jemunbe pi£ppejT ^a« 

abpaham dphce* 

fpa he ojr bybe* lo 

leofne mannaii* 

loch jenejiebe* 

maj ^r oiSpq** 

]m feo maenejeo fojipeajiV* 

ne bopj^e jm* 

bs£b-p4F ^1^« 
]X]]i ]:]ieaii ejepm* 

on ]?am faejtenne* 

lenj eapb^ean- 

ic hun loth jepie* » 

<>f ^yPS janjan* [ 122 ] 

"J hif beajm fomeb- 

pael-jTope jypp. ^ 

pic fceapian* 

oS ^ hie be hhSe* 

heape biine* 

cop^pcpaqp fiinbon* 

)Mep pe eabeja loth* 

ympfsej^ punobe* 

palbenbe leop* so 

baej-pimep popn* 

^hipbohtop tpa*. [12S] 



•the Lord's judgments, [peritj 
and who had pyen them of pros- 
ihe firnit in their cities ; . 
therefore on them the Lord of an- 
buming hot flame, [gds 

in vengeanoei sent. 

Our Lord, [membered 

observant of his compact, then 
Abraham fidthf oUy, 
as he oft had don^. 
/Aebdoredman; 
he preserved Lot, 

the other's Itinamanj 

when the many perished. 

Might not then . 
the man for deeds renowned, 
for fear of the Lord, 
in that fastness 
longer dwell I 
but Lot departed, 
journeying from the dty, 
and his children also, 
fiir from the fiital place, 
to seek a dwelling, 
till that ihey, by the slope 
of a high down, 
found an earth-cayem, 
where the blessed Lot, 
the righteous, dwelt, 
dear to the Lord, 
a number of days, 
and his daughters two* 



* Here a leaf of tbc MS. has been cat oat 



CJS0M0N*8 PARAPHRASE. 



157 



hie b^boa fpa bprnicnnin' 

• • • 

eobe feo ^Ibpe t6* 

i()i on pefte* 

• • • 



Uiey did as to one dnmkaiy 

went Uie ddest to 
ere oo kis oondi 



heopa be;^ piebeji* 
ne ftfoe blonben^yeaz* 

hponne him pemnaa co< 

• • • 

bji;f*be him bn p«pon« 

• • » 

on jpejih^S-copan* 
pefte 2«n€appot« 
m^Sbe "J 2^mynbe* 

pine b|iilnoen« 
jepican ne meahoe* 
ibepi pupbon eacne* 
eapopan Iqidhtan* 
pin-jefpeoftop* 
on populb pmn* 
heopa ealban pcbep* 
^apasSehnpt* 
mobepoSqme* 
mo<b nimbe* 
lodiep bohoqi* 



the father of them both : 
the white^Iocked knew not 
when to him Me damieli 

were both brides nnto lum^ 



in his boqTb 

heavily oppressed, 
10 in mind and memoiy ; 

so that he the maidens' comin|^ 

with wine drunken, 

might not know. 
The damsels became qmckencd, 

brought oflbpring 

the sisters german, 

sons^ into the worid, 

to thdr old Cither. 
Of those ycmths, 
so his mother the one 

called Moab^ 

Lot's daughter. 



* The defect boUi in fense and sllitcratioa show that wmbc lines haTebccm 
omitted in Hue psit of the MS. 



158 



CJEDMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



feo on life paq- • 
finqiiiiii ylbpe- 
uf 2ep|uta pecjeaS* 
^obcunbe b^* • 
^feopnjpe. 
lujie ^Jiea beapn- 
ammon hive* 

p>Ic tinpha* 
J^pymjaefCe tpa* 
]Feoba apdoon* 
oSpe ^jia maejSa* 
moabitape* 
cojiiS-buenbe- ' 
ealle htoi5* 
pfb-ini§]ie cynn- 
oSpe pepaf n^mnaS- 
oSelmja bcajm. 
ammonitape:* 



she who in life wa^ 
in winters dder. 

7%e Scriptures tdl ns, 
the divine books, 
that the younger 
her own child * 
[ 124 ] caUed Ainmon. ^ 

From those patriarchs 
people unnumbefedy 
10 two renowned ' 
nations sprang^. 
One of those tribtii 
Moabites 

earth's inhabitants 
allnam^ • 
a far-Ceoned race; 
the other people caD, 
the children of men. 
Ammonites. 



XXXVIIL 

Heyit lum )^a mib bpybe< 
bpoSop ap6nef • 
unbep abmielech* 
aehoe bSban* 
nub hif hipum- 
haeleSum fsejbe* 
j^fappa.hif. 
fpeojisop p^pe* 
abpaham p6pbam« 
beaph hif albpe* 
Yf he pifc s^appe- 
f he pine-mipi* 
on poke lyt* 
fpeonba haep be* 
ytL pe l^eoben hif* 



XXXVIII. 

2D Departed then with his wife 

Haran*s brother, 

under Abimdech * 

his wealth to lead, 

with his followers. 

Hie to the people said 

that Sarah his 

sister was. 

Abraham by those words 

saved his life ; 
30 for he knew well 

that he kinsmen 

among the people few, 

/etc friends had. - 
Then the prince lus 



CCDMON'S PARAPHJIA8E. 



159 



[125] 



^epiaf fenbe* 

hehc bjungan to him pelpun* 



YdL pief elI|^eobi2* 
oSpe fiSe- 
pff abjiahamef • 
fpom pepe bebeb* 
on jijieinber fseSm* 
turn ymji fjflfte ^* 
ice bpihcen* 
jpa he ofC bybe- 
nepjenb ufpep* 
com nihtef pelf* 
]w]i pe palbenb he;* 
pine bpuncen* 
on^an ]m f6S cynm;- 
]>uph fpefn fppecan* 
to ^axn aeiSehn^e* 
^ him yppe hpedp* 
]ni abpahamep* 
ibepe 2cnime* 
bpybe aet beopne- 
]w abpe^ban pceal* 
pop l^sepe baebe* 
beaS opbpeoftum- 
paple ]yfaie. 
him jymbel-pepi;- 
jynna bpytta*- 
]yuph pla^p 6ncfxK' 
hpst ^VL i^fpe- 
enjla ]»eoben« 
]niph ^in yppe pile- 



10 



servants Bent, 

bade them bring to himsdf 

Then was 'mongst strangers, 
second tim^ . 
Abraham's wife 
led from her husband, ' 
to a stranger's bosonu 

Him then there siqiported 
the Lord eternal, 
as he oft had done ; 
our Preserver - - . 

came himself by night, 
to where the soverdgn biy , 
drunken with wine. 
Began then the King ot truth, 
through a dream, to qpeak 
to the prince, 

and angrily to him called: — 
< Thou Abraham's 
wife hast taken, 
his consort from the chieftain : 
from thee shall draw, 
for that deed, - . 

death from thy breast 
thy soul/ ~ 

Him, with feasting weary, 
the dispenser of treasure 
in sleep addressed: — 
• WTlt thou ever. 
Lord of angels ! 
through thine anger. 



. r 



• One lme« at least, is bere want'in^ containing tht regjmea of bjiinsaa; vis. 
Xajijuui (as reqaired by the alliteration) and some other worda. 

^ This b without doubt an error of the scribe for pace/ bjijtrap by wbirh 
title Abimclech is subsequently designated. See p. 165. line 6L / 



160 



CiEDMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



alb|iek6tan« 
heah beheojnan** 
yxjie ye bep leopaS* 
juhtnm ]?ea]nim* 
biS on luebe pert. 

"J bim miltfe* 
to^f^oeS* 

IIl€ fSBjbe S]l* 

f jfy hqie* 
pdpbum felpt* 
mij^cjcnbiim* 
)^ heo abjiahamef •. 
j'peoftop pi£]ie* 
naebbe ic f^nne yii hie< 
plena aenij* 
jeppemeb 3^na- . 
bun ]>a aebpe ep:- 
ice bpihcen* 
ftfSfsep; metob* 
]nipb f fpepi dncpasS* 
a^p abpabame* 
ibepe fine* 
pfp CO 2ep^be* 
jff ]m on populbe len;* 
seSebnjabelm. 
albpef peoce* 

be If 2^ 1 jl^ap* 
maej felf fppecan** 

jefedn rpejl-cju"^* 



10 



[126] 



letaliii^ 

Supreme! be cutoff^ 
wbicb bere livetb 

witb xigbteous manners^ 

is in purpose firm 

in thought of mind, 

and, for itself, mercy 

at thee seeketh ? 

To m^ a while smce, sud 

that woman by her 

words herseU^ _ 

not questioning^, 

that she Abraham's 

sister were; 

1 have not sin with her, 
any wickedness, 

yet committed.' 

Him then straight again 
the Lord eternal, 
the just Creator, 

through the dream, addressed :— 
' Give to Abraham 
his consort, 
his wife into his power, 
if thou in the world longer, 
chief of men, ^ 

reck of life. 

He is good and wise, - 
may himself speak with, 
see heaven's King, 



• MS. behcopian ; Jonms beheopan : but the tmc reading b doQbflesft beheo- 
jiiB. See p. 163» line 31, wbere the pbrase again occors. The beginning of 
Abimclcch't speech u obecore, and my translation. I fear, far from satisfactory. 

^ Thewords 'not questioning' aretobetakenimmediatelyaiter 'to me' three 
linea above 

c Between this and tiie preceding line there b no alliteration ; perhaps for jrel^ 
we should read pi9 gob. 



CiBDMON^S PARAPHRASE. 



161 



^ rpekin fceak- 
nub feo J mib peojivaie* 
pj: iSa ^am jipum-^i^pan* 
bpf be pynneft* 
lie abibban mifij* 
pf lie ofjmin me* 
itpenba* pile* 

yin abeoban* 

bpjenham 2^ce* 

on bapun beoe* 

bu2a]m Iqifican* 

ffnoef 2®pinbne* 

]»a f laepe cobjiaejb* 

|»pbr folcef peapb* 

bebc bun feci^ean td* 

fpp^can j^e* 

fpebum faejbe* 

eoplum abimeleb- » 

e^efau jeiSpeab* 

palbenbef p6pb« 

pepaf bfm onbp^bon* 

]x>p ]raepe bi£be* 

bpihcnef banba- 

fpenj Kfceji fpepie* [ 1 27 ] 

bebt fylf cynuij* 

bun ytL abpaham e6* 

ofpnun nudum* 

ya, peopbobe* so 

pice ]^eoben* 

majo ebp&^* 



tboa sbakperiah 
wttb ihy gooda and aubstanoe^ 
if tboa to the patriaidi 
deny. 



crobtainy 
(if be tp me apeedOy 
win tby errand, 
uprigbt and patient, 
pieler) 

tbat I tbee oomfiMta^ 
yet livings 
wiD bencefortb^lety 
proaperity, enjoy, 
uninjured in ify wealtb.* 

Then caat off deep 
the a£Engbted nationa' goardtan 
bade to bim feidi 
faia counsellori, 
aaid with speed 
Abimeledi to the earla, 
by fear tormented, 
the words of the Lord. 

The men dreaded, • 
for that deed, 

of the Lord's bands 

• * 

the stroke, according to the dream. 

The king himself commanded 
Abraham then to him, 
with utmost speed. 
Then addressed 
the powerful prince, 
the parent of the Hebrewa, 



* xjienba Mema an error for Kjicnbe. 

^ The beginDing of AbunelccVt speedi it waatisg^ as b apparcat both Mm. 
the eoBtcxt and the defect in- the 



162 



C£DMON*S PARAPHRASB. 



ymf fa me pylle* 

pdpbmn fccjean* 

hu ^epojihte fc ^asc* 

jtSiSan ]m upc unbep* 

abpaham J^Ine* 

on ^af eSel-tujij:* 

ehtalsbbqr* 

j^ ]m me yay jyiSe* 

feajio penobeft* 

]m elll^eobQ* u 

ope polbeft* 

on ^qje p>lc-fceape« 

pibcne bejfyjipan* 

fynnum bepnScan* 

fsejbejt? p^Spbinn* 

]^ pqipa I'fn* 

YpeopDoji pii6pe* 

Ucejr ms^e* 

polbep: liShoe* 

yaph f fif on me- a 

ppohte ale^ean* 

o]ini8Bt:e ffd* 

pe ^ fjihce* 

2efeopmebon* 

3 ^ fpeonblice* 

on yijje peji-^eobe* 

pic ^(&tXmOtk* 

lanb to hfpun* 
^ Of leaneft nd*- 
Anj^eonblice* an 

jpemena Jrancaft- [ 1^8 ] 

xxxvmi. 

3n>paliam fh* 

anbjp^iobe* 

ne bybe Sc pop picne* 



* Uial tlioa w3t to me 
say in words, 

how I have Uial wrooghty 

(since tboa among ni^ 

Abraham! 

into this coontzy 

hast led thy property,) 

that thon for me thus craeUy 

hast laid a snaxe ? 

Thou, a stranger, 

wonldestni^ 

in t^i ff «iifvy n^ 

by firaud decern^ 

with sins defile; 

saidst in words 

that Sarah thy . 

sister wer^ 

My body's Idn; 

wonldest hostildy, 

through that woman, on me 

crime attach, 

measurdess eiiL 

We thee honourably 

entertained, 

and to thee kindly, 

in this nation, 

assigned a dwelling-place, 

land for comfort; 

thou now requitest us 

unkindly, 

for our benefits thankest/ 

xxxvim. 

Abraham then 
answered:— 

* 1 did a not for firaud. 



CiBDMON*8 PARAPHRASE. 



16S 



nC pOJI ]p60llb| Clp€« 

^f ic fe pean oSe* 

ic ic me pimena balboii* 

2a«-b6jiber rF««* 
kob-mapim peofi* 

Ujie 2«bea|ih« 

jiSiSan m» fe halja* 

op h^be ^eao* 

mfnef psbep* h 

f^n aU6beb*« 

IC fela ]t85aa« 

polca jiejxJbx* 

plna uncuSpa* 

j:peonba jxafoeafC- 

fc ]»aef pepef £• 

on p^num pec* 

hponne me ppaSpa pmi- 

ellj^eobijne* » 

albpe beheope* 

jpeSe hmi Jmp ibefe ejr* 

<2aii polbe* 

fopiSon fc pfj-pmiSum* 

p^pbum pe^be* 

f pppa mlo* 

ppeopMp pi§pe« 

aejbpaep eopCan* 

ymji pit eapba leap* 

mib pei-lanbum^« » 

pmnan pceolbon* [ 129 ] 

ic j^ lice bpeah* 

on fyjje eVyl-typp* 

* Apparently «a aror of the 
^ Cum pertgrima ierrm, Td ^ 
Ifftrt ytk lan^rnn Aotf ili f crrc* a 

m9 



nor for cnini^, 

nor for aagbt 

that I might give thee trooble; . 

but I mysdf^ diief of men, 

brandisher of / Ae shiddy 

fu from oijf ooontrymcDy 

purpoidy preserved. 

After that me the Holy, 

from the fiunDy of the chie^ 

my&ther, 

kdofdid, 

I ainoemaoy 

nations hare aooght, 

men unknown, 

and this woman with mc^ 

destitute of fnends. 

I on this journey ever 

in expectation set, 

when some enemy me^ 

a stranger, 

might of life bereave^ 

who for himself this woman after 

would possess : 

therefore to the warriors I 

said in words, 

that Sarah my 

sister werc^ 

in every place 

where we, of dwdlings void, 

udth hostfle nations 

must contend. ~^ ^--^ 

I the same did 

in this comitry. 



for tlelbbe. 
ierrm imeoK», 
— Lys, 



164 



CJEDMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



10 



]»eoben ni^pa* 
munbbyjibe ^cceaf • 
ne yxf me on mdbe cirS* 
hfBsSeji on yyipxia folce* 
fpean aelmihti^ef • 

ysL Ic b^ji a§peft ctfm* 

pop^6n ic ^ejnum* 

]?!num bypnbe* 

3 fylfom ]w* 

fpiSofC nude* 

fdSan fpjiaece* 

f me fajipan* 

bjiybe-Iafte* 

bebb-jie]ice jepdOi* 

[?a onj&i abimaeleh* 

abjiaham fpSan • 

popnlb-^ertpeonum* 

;] lum liif pff a^eap* 9o 

fealbe him to bdte* 

]?aef ]^ he hff hpyb ^^nfim* 

pm^enbe jpeoh* 

3 jbeb feolfoji* 

anbpeopc jpeof • [ 1 ^^ ] 

fppaec ]m pdpbum eac* 

CO abjiahame* 

ajSehnja hehn. 

pana nub upc* 

3 ^ pic jeceof . so 

on ]n]jum huibe* 

^ji ]« leoj:oft ]ie« 

eSel-ftqpe* 

^ IC ij*^ fceal* 



after I thy, 

O great prince ! 

protection chose. 

To me m mmd ii was not known, 

whether, among this folk, 

of the Lord Ahni^ty 

there were dread, 

when I here first came ; 

therefore I from thy 

servants hid, 

and from thee thyself, 

most of all, 

true speech, 

that to me Sarah 

with footstep conjugal 

mounted the couch of rest.* 

Then bq;an Abimdech 
Abraham to load • 
with worldly treasures, 
and to him his wife restored ; 
gave him to boot • 
(because he had taken his wife) 
lire stock, 
and shining silver, 
substance of money. 

Spake then eke in words 
to Abraham 
/A« chief of men :— 
' Dwell with us^ 
and choose thee a habitation . 
in this land, [thec^ 

where tV may be most pleasing to 
a dwelling-place 
which I shall pvt thee. 



• Pirobably an error of the tciibe for >fiie. 



CiEDMON*S PARAPHRASE 



165 



pef uf pelc Fpeonb* 
pe % jxoh jylla'8* 
cfoX ]m epc judSe* 
oiSjie pdjibe- 

pnoef bpytta* 

ne J^eapf iSe on ebpic- 

abjiaham fettan* 

'Sin j;^ea bjuhten* 

jj Jmjdett-paSaf*- u 

maej aelf-foeno* 

mine tp«be* 

£c him hyje-teonan* 

liptcan feolf^ie* 

beopeb^ee* 

ne ceapa incit: bujuSa* 

Of "8ijje c8yl-tyj*p. 

eDop j^can* 

pmaf iincuSe* 

&c pumaC heji* a 

abpabam jrpemebe* 

fpa bine hip albop heht- 

onpenj ppeonbpcipe* 

be fpean hs§pe* 

lufom 3 hfpum- 

he paep leop jobe* 

fojiSon he pbbe* 

jepael^ bpeah* 

-J hip pappenbe*. [151] 

nnbep pceabe J^fop- ac 

hleop-peSpum )»eaht* 

hep ^nben hpbe* 



Be to us a fiedthful fHaid, 
ire ^'iU pve thee wealth.' 

Spake then again qdcldy 
other words 
toSarah 
ike dispenser of treasure >— 



^'v- 



not to thee inr^roach 
Abraham attadi, * ' 
thy lord, 

that thou my pavilioDy 
woman elfin-fair 1 
hast trodden ^ 
for to him the injury, 
with white silTer, 
/wiU wen repair. 
Care ye not friends, 
out of Hds eountiyy 
elsewhere to sedr, 
menunimown, 
but dwdl here** 

Abraham acted 
as him his chief commanded, 
bq;an friendship, 
at ihe Lord's behest, 
with loTC and good-wilL 
He was dear to God, 
therefiDre he in peace 
happy lived, 
and under his Creator^s 
ishadow journey^ 
decked with Ait guar^an^wings, 
here while he lived* 



word ekewhert : myiatcrpffclalion 



• I am not await of the occiirrence< 
is oonjectoraL 

^ My trmnslation of thii line is made n&dcr'tlie rapposition that for joppeabc 
we ihoold read jappcnbi^. 



166 



CiEDMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



10 



>»pcnjwrJPP«-'* 
2ob abimefehe* 

pop ytSpjt ]yD]16* 

^ be fiS fappai* 

3 ytS abpahame* 

l6ji jej^mebe* 

[^ he jebflSbe* 

him beojie q«* 

pff 3 paepneb* 

he yxf peojic 2^hle<c« 

jjiecne ptee* 

ne meahton fpeo ne )^pe* 

heopa hpejo-peajibi^* 

beajumm isan* 

moii*]iIiD nuejeV* 

ic him f mecob p>jiftdb* 

0S j^ pe hal2^« • 

hif hlapqibe* 

abjiaham cmj^* 

ippa hibban* a 

ecne bpiheen* 

him enjUi helm* 

jet^^Sobe* 

tubbop-fpeb onleic* 

polc-c^ninje* 

j^eopa 3 ^eoppa* 

pepa 3 pfpi- 

let peazan ejr • 

heopa jSm-^eoA* . 

jiobopa pelbenb* ai 

eab^ ehta* 

elmihci; peapl!* 

milbe on m^Sbe« 

mon^cyimer peapb* 

abimeleche* 

ppa hme abpaham baeb* [ IS2] 



Then agam was angry 
God with Ahimdech^ 
for the am 

that he against Sarah^ 
and against Abraham, - 
ere committed, 
when he separated 
two to him dear, 
female and male. 
He for this got pain, 
perilous torment : 
might not free nor servile 
thdr lords 
with children gift, 
numerous progeny ; 
for that the Lord hindered to them, 
till that the holy, 
for his chief, 
Abraham, hegm 
to pray for power, 
the Lord eternal. 
To him the Chief of angels 
ii granted, 

the procreative power unlocked, 
for the king of nations, 
of free and servile^ 
men and women ; . 
let wax again 
thdr number, 
the heaTens' Ruler, 
their happiness and wealth. 
The Almighty became 
mfldin mood, 
the Guardian of mankind, 

as Abraham had prayed him. 



CJBDII0N*8 PARAPHRASE. 



167 



Vaeomjpqua* 

tofappa* 

fpa lie felf jecpafS* 

pttlbenb uiTcp* 
liKfbe pdpb-beoc« 

leopim 2^Uefeeb» 
Ufq^albop* 
eapopan ;| ibefe* 
abpahame pdc* 
beajin of bji^be* 
^ne li|iC20 enjla* 
lip C^ mi^o-ai^ie* 
mobqiprilpe* 
eacen be eople* 
ifiic n^mbe* 
hine abpabam on* 
bif i^ene banb* 
beacen fetM* 
fpa bun bebeab mecob* 
pulbop-topbc 5'inb pucan< 
)wf )w bine on pqpnlb* 
to mon-cjune* 
mobop bpobce:* 



Cnibt peox 'j ^aj* 
fpa bun cynbe psepon* 
e«ele fponi ylbpmn. 
abpabam bae^be* 
pmcpa bunb teonci;* 
]^a bun pSp pmn* 
on Jranc j^baep* 
be ymj- ^paje bfi>* 
pCiSan bun ii§pejr* 
}Fupb bip i^en pdpb*. 



lAe Lofd Abnigb^ 

toSanby 
. aa be bimadf bad attd ; 

our Ruler 

bad kis promiae 

to /Ao«e bdoved oner pe rfo rmed^ 

fAe Prince oflifi^ 

to the man and woman. 
M To Abrabam was bora 

a diildy from kis ^nk, 

wbom the Lord of angeb, 

ere tbat witb progeny 

/Ae motber were 

by Me earl qmdcened, 

laaac named. 

On bim Abrabam, 

witb bis own band, 

aeta ng% 
» as bim bade the Creator, 

glory brigbty after a week, 

from wben tbat biminto f Aeworld, 

among mankind, 

iis motber broo|^t. 



[133] 



7%e boy waxed and tbrived, 
as to bim was natoral, 
congenial from Aft parents. 

Abrabam bad 
a bundred winters, 
wben to bim his wife a son 
gratefuDy bare. 

He for tbis bad a wbile waited, 
since tbat to bim first, 
tbrougb bis own word. 



168 



CiBDHON^S PARAPHRASE. 



10 



bjuhten bobobe* 

yh feo p^b jepeapS* 

f f pip sepeah- 

poji abjudiame- 

ipmael plejaa* 

^aep hie aet ppspenbum* 

paetcm biitA* 

halt; on b^e* 

3 heopa hipan eaO* 

bpuncon'^ bpymbon* 

)ra qrae'8 bpihclecu nue;* 

bpyb bo beo]iiie« 

poppp me beapt peapb* 

min ppsBp ]^i6a* 

hatjtSiSan** 

ij&P ellop* 

3 ipmael* 

laeban mib hie* 

ne beoC pe lenj pomeb* ao 

pillmn mfnum* 

pp ic pealban mde* 

naeppe ipmael* 

piS iplce* 

piS mfn ijen beapn* 

;^pe biSleV* 

cmlafte]^* 

Jroime ]m op Ifce* 

albop ap^nbepc* [ 134 ] 

fh paep abpahame* ac 

peopce on m6be* 

f he on ppaec bpipe* 

hip pelpep punu* • 

y^L com p^ mecob* 



that day of desire • 
ihe Lord had announced. 

Then was the hap^ 
that that woman saw» 
before Abiaham, 
Ishmael playmg^ 
where they at meat 
both sat, 
holy in mind^ 
and all their domestics 
drank and rejoiced : 
then said his lofty mate^ 
his wifcj to ihe chief:— 
* Grant me^ guardian of bracdets, 
my dear lord, 
bid go 

Hagar elsewhere^ 
and Ishmael 
with her lead: 

we win not longer be together, 
with my wilL 
If I may sway, 
never Ishmael 
with Isaac, 
with my own child, 
shall share the heritage 
after the^ 

when ibou from My body 
sendest life/ • 

Then was to Abraham 
grief in mind^ 

that into exile he must drive 
his own son. 
Then came ihe Lord of truth. 



Apparently an error for jiViia, 



C^DMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



169 



j:peom on piltiim* 

pifce jiephiS juman* 

ceajium on clommum*- 

cynmj enjia fppaBC* 

to abjiahame* 

ice bpihten* 

bet ye aflupan* 

fop2® Of bjieojtum* 

mdb-^cpuinan* 

^ maejeS hipe- 

bjiybe ]r!npe* 

hdc biitA apej* 

ijdji pepan* 

"J ipnad* 

cmht op cjfVi^* 

ic hif cynn jebo* 

bp^b "J bpejne* 

beapna tubpe* 

jiKj tiuum rpcbij* 

fpa ic 'pe pdpbum jehec^ 

]ya fe pep bypbe* 

bif palbenbe* 

bp^f op picum- 

bpeopi2*ni6b t&* 

ibepe op eapbe* 

-J Lip «jen beapn. 



the P owerfu l, to Ida dd j 

ke knew the man's sool 

fettered with cares. 

7%« King of angels spake 

to Abrahanij 

/Ae eternal Lord : — 

^ Let firom tfaee slip 

sorrow firom ihy breatt, 

mental strife;, 

and thy mate obey, 

thy wife: 

order both away 

to go, Hagar 

andlfihmad, - 

Me boy from the coontry : 

I win make his race 

wide- spread and potent^ 

in Us progeny of children, 

in offspring, aboudan^ 

as by my words I pronused thee.' 

Then the man obeyed 
Ida Soverdgn, 
drove from his dwellings 
the two sad of mind, 
the woman from hi$ halntation, . . 
and his own child. 



• Here a leaf has been cut oat of ibe MS. VThat foDoirt is the 
Abimelcch to Abraham^ the begiaaias of whidi ia wantiaf • 



apccch of 



170 



CJBDMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



11 



j^peotol If ^ ^ejene* [ 135 ] 

f ^ y6S m^cob* 

on jepS^ if* 

fpe^Ief albop- 

feSe fijop feleB* 

foytjium mihcum* 

'J yin mtfb tpymeV* 

jobcunbum ppim* 

fopSon /Se pena fpeop* 

^aef )m ytS f^peonb oV^ jpeonb* 

fpemman onpinne* 

pdjibum dSSe bi^bum* 

palbenb fCujreB* 

fjiea fojit-pe^ar* 
folmum flnum* 
pjlan J^lnne* 
f If pfbe cuB*- 
Imph-pttenbum* 
ic ^ bibbe nu- 
pine ebpea* 
p^pbom mfnum* 
f «u til-mtfbi;. 
tpeopa peDe- 
pi§pa ^ina* 
f yvL pille me* 
pepan pele ppeonb* 
ppemena to leane* 
]rapa )Fe ic to bupiVum* 
'Se 2eb6n hsbbe* 
pSISan yu f eafceaj^t* 



' manifest it is and seen, 

that to thee the Lord of truth 

is as a companion^ 

the Prince of the skies, 

who j^yeth victory, • 

through his sapient powers, 

and strengtheneth thy mind 

with ^fts diyine ; [still 

therefore to thee hath prospered 

what thou, with friend or foe, 

hast to accomplish sought, 

by words or deeds. 

The Powerful forwardeth, 

the Lord, thy goings forth, 

with his hands, •• 

thy will; 

that is widely known 

to the city-dwellers. * 

I pray thee now, 

O man of the Hebrews, 

by my words, 

that thou of disposition good 

give me a pledge 

of thy covenant, 

that thou wilt to me 

be a faithful friend, . 

in requital of the kindnesses 

which I, for thy benefit, 

have done to thee, 

since that thou destitute 



CiBOMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



171 



on fay pep-^cobe^ 

jijiaeccan lajxe* 

2ylb me mib hjibo* 

]^ ic ^ hneap ne paq** 

lanbef "j liffa* 

pef J^iijun/leobiim nil* 

J maejbupse. 

minpe ippeft* 

pf ]^ alpalba* 

iipe bjuhcen* 

fapian pUe- 

fe& jefceapu healbe'S** 

]^ ^ panb-pipim* 

piimoji m6ce» 

on 'Sijxe p>lc-fceajie* 

fpaetpa baillan* 

mobijpa jcftpetfn* 

meapce pettan* 

"Sa ab]iaham« 

abimelehe* 

pfl§jie pealbe* 

f he polbe ppa:« 



from a&r camesly 

into tbia oonntiy, . 
[ 136] with ezfle atep. . 

Pky me with affection^ 

for that I was not aparing to 

of land and faTOura ; 

be to these people now^ 

and to my 

kindred, fEdthfiil; ... 
M if the AU-powerfnl to the^ 

our Lord, 

win grant, 

who holdeth the warUTs destiniea^ 

that thou to the sUelded 

bounteously may, 

among this peopl^ . 

ornaments distribute, 

rewards of the bold, 

a hmd-mark set.' 
m Then Abraham 

to Abimelech 

gave his covenant 

that he so would. 



XLI. 

8iS%an paep pe eabeja* 
eapopa ^pep* 
mphpe&i* 
polce eapbpaept* 
leob ebp£a» 

peapceapc mib ).7iembum< 
hun Fpea en^Ia- 
pic jcoehee* 



XLI. 

Then was the blessed 

son of Terah 

in the Philistines* 

nation settied, 

the Hebrews' prince;, 

a long season, 

poor with strangers. 

To him the Lord of angels 

assigned a dwellings 



* From this line to the end of the canto the iensc acemi Tery 



172 



CJBOHON*S PARAPHRASE. 



yaeji pejiap hataS* 


wbere men caD, 


buph-pttenbe* 


the dty-dweDen^ - 


bejifabea lonb** 


the land of Bersbeba. 


yBSjij6hai^* 


Tleie tbe boly man • 


heah fteap jieceb- 


[137] a bigb steep dwellings 


baph timbpebe* 


atown^bail^ 


J beajio j-ette* 




peo-bebb popbee* 


an altar wroogbty 


-J hip palbeobe* 


and to bis SoTerdgn, 


oa J^aem ^laeb-jtebe* 


10 on tbe ember-place^ 


jilb onpe^be* 


€m offering dedicated. 


lie 26iieahe« 


a gift sufficient 


]^am ye Up pogijeap- 


to bim wbo life him gave. 


3ep6lQbc« 


bappy 


ppejle imbep* 


under beaven* 


J^a J^aep pmoq** 


^^ ^Then the diief 


'^ pe pica oixjlbk* 


began tbe powerful 


cynin; cofti;!!!* 


King to ten^ty 


cunnobe jeopne* 


earnestly proved 


bpilc )^ asSeliDjer* 


90 wbat the man's 

• 


ellen pl§pe« 


fortitude were: 


ftfSuin pdpbmn* • 


with words austere. 


fppaec bun ptepie t6- 


he with Aif voice addressed him 


jepfe )m ojrepdioe* 


* Gro thouj with utmost haste, 


abpabam pSpan* 


Abraham, journeying, 


laptap lec^an* 


set ihy steps. 


3 ^li6beiiifi>« 


and with thee lead 


)^fn ^2^^ beapn- 


thine own child. 


yn pcealc ipiic me* 


Thou shalt Isaac to me 


onfecjan pinu ^Sfone- 


ao sacrifice, thy souj 


fylp to tibpe* 


thyself, as an offering. 


p%%aii yoL jej^eji:. • 


after thou mountest 


fteape bfine* 


the steep downs. 


b]unc2 )«p bean Unbef < 


{the ring of the high land. 


1 


^ MS. and Janiiis lono. . 



CiEDMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



173 



10 



yeic^e heoQon ^^tiEoe* 

up Jrfnam ipiam pdcum* 

Jwp^fcealcdbgepejipan* [1S8] 

ba61-j:yp beapne )riniim* 

-J bldcan jylf • 

pinu mib fpeojibef e^e* 

-J yonne fpeaptan lije* 

leofef lie popbaepnan* 

^ me Uc bebeoban* 

ne popfaet he ^f jtSe* 

ic fona onjann* 

jzyfan to pdpe* 

him p»f fpean* eii2la« 

p6pb ont^jpne- 

J hip palbenb^ leop« ' 

J^afeeabga- 

abpaham fine* 

mht-pejte ojrjeap* 

nallef nepjenbep* 

baepe prShojobe- 

Ac bine pe halja pep- 

Sypbe jpajjan jpeopbe- 

cySbe f bim japta peapbep- 

ejepi on bpeojram punobe- 

onjan J^a bip epolap b^can- 

^amol-pepbiS jolbep bpytta* 

beht bme ^^onje tpejen* 

men mib piSian* 

m^ p»r ^T ^3^° ^bba- 

'J be peopfia jylp- » 

]^ be pfip 3^P^* 

ppom bip ^jenum bope* [1S9] 

ifiic lasban* 

beapn Anpeazen* 



9» 



wbicbl firombence win show thee^) 
up with thine own feet; 
there ihou sbalt prepare a jiOe, 
a bale-fire^ for thy duld, 
and thyself sacrifice 
thy son^ with the sword's edg^ 
and then^ with swart flame, 
bum the bdored^s body, 
and offer it to me a gift.' 

He delayed not the jobniey 
but soon began ■ . 
to hasten for the way. 
To him was the Lord of angeb* 
word terrific^ 
and his Sovereign dw., ^ 
Then the blessed ., 
Abraham his 
night-rest gave up, ^ 
Me Preserver's ' - 

behest despised not, 
but him the holy man 
girded with a gray, sword, 
showed that of the Guardian of 
dread in A& breast dwdt. [spiiits 
B^;an then his asses to saddle 
the sage dispenser of gold, 
bade him two young - 
men accompany, 
his own son was the third, 
and he the fourth himself. 
Then he hastily departed, 
from his own house, : >, 

leading Isaacs ^ 4' 

a child 



* MS. and Junius fju 



^ MS-foid Joaivt^slbcBibc. 



174 



CiEDMON*S PARAPHBA8B. 



fpa bun bebeib mecob* 

efjte Jra fpiBe* 

"J on€tt6* 

pypS folb-peje* 

jT^ blm fpea tsehte* 

pQS]* opeji fipxn* 

oS f pulboji-topht- 

baejef ^jubban* 

up opep beop potqi* 

tfpb^ aju^mbe* 

y^ pe eabega pep* 

jepeah Uipisan* 

bei b6ne» 

fpa nun pejbe cp* 

rpe^lef albop* 

"Sa abpaham rppasc* 

CO hi}* ombihtum* 

pincaf mine* 

peftalS mot; h^- 

on ]H}jiun pf cum* 

pitf ejx cunutS* 

pS^San pit iSpenbe* 

nnc€p tpcj^* 

2aft-cynui26<i 

apjren habbaS* 

jep^t bun ]m pe sSebn;* 

J bif ^j^n pmu* 

to y«]^ 2^meapcer» 

1^ bun meiTob taebbe* 

paban ojxp pealbap* 

pubu bfl§p funn* 

P*ep FyP T IT«>I*. 
%a ]«f ppicjean onj^um* 
pep pmtpum j^dJ* 



Me Lord bad bidden; 

bastened tben machy « 

and speeded . 

fortb on f Ae eaiib's waj^ 

as bim /Ae Lord bad taogbt, 

the ways over the desert^ 

tm that in glory.*rigb^ 

of the third day, 

np over ihe deep water 
10 the mom arose. 

Then the blessed man 

saw towering 

the high downs, 

as to bim ere bad said 

the Prince of heaven. 

Then Abraham spake 

to bis senrants: 

^ My men^ 
' rest yoursdvesliefe, 
» in these places; ^ 

we will come again, 

after that wt'the errand 

of us tWOj, 

to the King of spirits 
have performed.' 

Departed then the man 
and his ownson, 
to the limit 

which bim the Lord bad shown, 
30 passing over the wealds : 
/Ae son bare wood, 
the father, fire and sword. 
Then this hegui to ask 
the man in winters youngs 



■ litenllfy fit htghaing, fehd. 



■r^. 



CjBDMON*S paraprrasb. 



175 



pdpbmn abpaham* 
pic Mp jyP tJ rpcopb* 
fpea mfn habbaS* 
hpaep If j^ tibcp* 
f ]m tojilit-2obe« 
ro yam bpyne-pelbe* 
bjunpoi ]^eiicqi;« 
abpaham maSelobe* 
hsjpbe on £n jehogob* 
f he ^ebiibe* 
jpa bine bjuhten bee* 
bim f jtyS cyninj^ 
rt Ija pnbe«. 
mon-c^nnef peapb* 
fpa him jemec )»ince8« 
geptab }Fa fCiS-bybij* 
fteape b6ne- 
6p nub bif eafopan* 
fpa bun je £ca bebeab< 
f be on bp<$pe jeptdb* 
be&i lanbef*^ 



Abrabam with irarda >^ 
[140] ' We bere fire and a swoid 
bave^ my loid ! 
vbeie 18 tbe gift 
tbat tbou to the bright God^ 
for tbe burnt sacrifice 
tbinkest to bring?' 

Abraham spake s— * 
(A« bad ever studied 
10 tbat be might do^ 

as bim the Lord commanded,) 
* Tbat the King of truth 
for himself vnH find, 
the Guardian of mankind, 
as to him seemeih meet.' 

Mounted then the inflexible 
#Ae steep downs, 

up with his son, [ed, 

as him tbe Eternal had command- 
so so that on the roof bcstood 
of the high land. 



on ]wpe ]?e bun fe ftpanja t6* 

pS§pj3efC mecob* 

pdpbum tsehte* 

onjan J^a £b hldban- 

aeleb peccan*. 

3 2^fetepobe« 

p^c 3 honba- - 

beapne ffnum* 

J }Fa on b]£l flitfp* a 

ifiic s^on^ne* 

-J ]wi aebpe je^pip* 



on that which to him the Powerful, 
the righteous Creatorj 
had pointed out by words. 

Began then the pile to load, 
fire awaken, 
and fettered 
the feet and hands 
of his child, 

and then pn the pile bore - 
young Isaai^ 
and then hastfly griped 



* Here a line is wanting oontaining tbe aUiteratiTe word cr words to j^jiaiisi^ 
also the snteccdtnt to tbe feminiae relative >«ji€* 



176 



C£DMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



fpecqib be jehiltom* 
polbe luf pinu qpeSaa* 
polmiim jfnnin* 
fYP^ pencan* 
maejep bpeojie* 
Yh mecobcf iSejo* 
upm en;!* jr6m* 
abpalham hl6be« 

he jnlle jelrfb* 

ijief jppaeoe* 

'J yam, ea^ onqneS* 

lum ]^ oj]i;iiDi c6« 

upm op jiobepmn* 

fulbop-sarc jobq* •^ 

pdjibmn niaelbe* 

abjiaham leopa* 

ne f leah )rfn ijen beapn 

ac jm cpicne abpejb* 

cnibt bj: <be* 

eajxypan yinne* 

him fa jmlbpcf job. 

majo ebpea* 

ya mftam fcealt* 

^ph ]wf haljan h&ib* 

heopon^cyniiijef* 

f dSuin pjop-Ieanum* 

jvlpa onpdD« 

juifaqTam jipim* ^ 

ye pile 2irta peajib* 

lifpim 2^1ban» 

f ye ysBf leqrpa hif • 

pbb 3 b^lbo* 

)K>ime yin jylpef beajui* 

<b jtdb oniQeb* 

bvjrbe abjiahame* 



[i«] 



10 



the sword by the hih; 
would kill bis son 
with his hands, 
the fire quench - 
with the youth's gore. 

Then the Lord's minister^ 
an angel from above, 
Abraham loudly 
called with voice. 
He still awaited 
the speech of the messenger, 
and to the angel spake*. 

To him then quickly^ 
from the firmament above^ 
the glory-spirit of God 
spake in words :— * 
* Beloved Abraham 1 
slay not thine own child, 
but take thou alive 
the boy from the pUe, 
thy son ; 

him the God of glory favoureth. 
Parent of the Hebrews ! 
thou shalt meeds, 
through the hand of the holy 
King of heaven, 
true rewards of triumph, 
thyself receive, 
ample lasting gifts : 
thee will the Guardian of spirits 
requite with favours, 
far that to thee was dearer his 
peace and grace, 
than thine own child/ 

The pile stood on fire, . 
had Abraham's 



r 



r 



C£DMON*S 



177 



10 



mecob mon«€ynnef • 

maeje lochef • 

bpeojT jeblijxab- 

]^a he him hif beajin p^pjeap* 

ifUc cjncne* 

%a fe eabe3a bepUc. [ 1 ^2 ] 

pine opep exle« 

-J him )wp p6m jepeah* 

unpeop ]^anon* 

i£nne ftanban* 

bpo^p iponep • ' 

bpembpum pejtnie- 

]H)ne abpaham 2«nam« 

3 hme on ib ahtfp • 

opejtnim miclum* 

pop hip ^jen beapn* 

abpA^b ]^ mib ]^y bil1e» 

bpjue-jielb onhpeab* 

peccenbne pe;- 

pommep bldbe* 

oubleot f Uc jobe* 

paejbe leana ^anc» 

^ ealpa ]^apa* 

]»e him pS J 8§p* 

pfena bpihcen* 

fopjipen hspbe:- 



XLII. 

)>paet p£ peop j neah< 
jeppijen habalS* . 
opep mibban-jeapb* 
mojjep btfmap* 
ppadico pdpb-piht* 
pepa cneopippnm* 
m up-pobop* 
eabijpa 2ehpam» 



[i«] 



so 



the Creator of mankind 

Lot's kinsman's 

bosom blessed, 

when he to him his chQd restored^ 

Isaac alive. 

Then looked the happy 

man over his shoulder^ 

and there saw a ram, 

not far from thadce, 

one standing, 

(Haran's brother,) 

in the brambles fast, 

which Abraham took, 

and on the pile it raised, 

with utmost haste, 

for lus own child, [chion drew^ 

then, at the same time, his faul« 

the burnt-offering prejMired, 

raised i7 reeking 

with the ram's blood|, 

sacrificed the gift to God, 

said thanks for the rewards, 

and for all those 

(which to him late and ere) 

gifts /Ae Lord 

had given him. . r / / ^ 

XLII. ^ 

Lo ! we fer and near 
have heard of, . 
throughout mid-earth, 
the decrees of Moses ;. 
(a wondrous oral law 
to the tribes of men ; 
in the firmament abov^ 
to ererj one of the blessed, 



U 



178 



C^DMON^S PARAPHRASE. 



mytejk bealu pXe* 
h6te Ufef • 
hpjenbjia 2€lipain- 
langmmne pi£b« 
haeleSum fecjan* 
jehypc yeSe piUe. 
]K>ne on p^fteiine- 
pejioba* bjuhten* 
fdSjaefC cynin;* 
nub hif rylpq"* 
miht jepyp^be* 
'J hun jmnbpa jpela- 
ice alpalba* 
in mht jpajq/eaf^ 
he pflBf leop jobe. 
leoba albop- 
hopfc "5 hpe&p-jlcap^ 

f peom folc-toja* 
pipadnef cyn* 
jbbef anbfacan^* 
2ypb-plte banb* 
]^8e]i bun jej-ealbe* 
P2opa palbenb« 
mdbjum ma^o-paqyani* 
luf m&ffL j:eo)ih« 
on jipo eSlef • 
abpahamef pinum* 
heah paq* f baub-lein* 
3 bun bolb jrpea- 
jefealbe paepna jispe^ib^ 
PI'S ppaiSpa SPJP^* 
ojrepcom nub yf campe< 
cn^o-mi;^ pela* 



10 



after thdr adTene lot, 

life's recompense^ - 

to eacb one liTing : — » 

a long narration, 

to rehearse to men;-* 

let him hear who will :) 

whom in the waste 

the Lord ot hosts, 

the just King, 

with his own 

power honoured, 

and to him wonders many, 

the Supreme eternal, 

in possession gaye* 

He was dear to GFod, 

the people's prince, 

a bold and prudent 

leader ct the mnltitude, 

a valiant general. 

ne race of Pharaoh, 

the denier of God, 

he by pain of his rod restndned, 

where to him entrusted 

the Lord of triumphs 

(to the bold leaders) 

the lives of his kindred, 

into the abundance of the land, 

(to the sons of Abraham.) 

High was the reward, 

and the Lord gracious to him ; 

he gave him power of arms 

against the fear of foes, 

with which in fight he overcame 

of many tribes 



* MS. and Jonhis jcpobe. 



^ MS. tad Janius aabjaca. 



CiEDMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



179 



jreonbtt* folc-pAt^ 

f hme pepoba job* 
ptfpbum naejbc** 
Jf«p he him jefaejbe. 
f6S-punbpa pela* 
hu ]^af populb poplice* 
pin; bpihoen* 
eoplSaii ymbhpypjx- 
-] iSp-pobop* 
jcpecce p5« pJoc* 

3 hif jylpef *'*"""*• . 
"Bone ylbo beapa* 

iSp ne cfiiSon* 

ffi6h faebepa cyn- 

]Mah hie pela pqfom* 

hsepbe he ]m jefpiScb- 

]*6tain cpaeftuia* 

T jepupiSobne-. 

pepobcf albop* 

pipadnep peonb*' 

on poplS-pepir* 
ya, psBf inj^pe. 

ealbtim plcum* 

beaiSe jebpenceb- 

bpiht-p>lca nucfC* 

hopb-peapba hpype* 

heaj: paef 2®iifpab- 

fpepoD pcle bpeamaf < 

pnce bepopene^ 

hsepbe min-fceaSaQ* 

set mibbepe nihe- 

ppecne jejylleb. 



of enemies tie Ubeities^ 

Then was ike first tame 
that him /Ae God of hosts 
approached with words, 
when he to him said 
many tme wondeis ;--« 
how this world irrongfat 
/Ae sagadoQS Lord, 
Me orb of earth 
It and firmament above . 

established, in triumph powerful^ 

and his own name,* 

which tie sons of men 

ere hnew not, 

the race of ancient Others, 

tliough many things ihey knew. 

He had then strengthened 
with true powers^ 
and honoured, 
[144] Me prince of Me multitude 
ti Pharaoh's foc^ 

in his onward ooorae. 
Then was of old, 
with its ancient wise;,. • 
drenched with death 
Me greatest of nations. . _: 
At Me fall of Me treasure- wards 
was Metr wail renewed, 
slept Metr many joys, 
30 of treasure reft. 
He had of the nnful, 
at nddmght, 
woefully felled 



• In MS. and Jmihis jton^ it repcttci. ^ LitcrtOy, ikffitkri§ld. 
« D«a(tD,poeftep, ttt Tidctvr, pro bniita.— If«u 



180 



CiEDMONS PARAPHRASE. 



fjinm-beajina f ela- 
abjiocene buph-peajihaf • 
bana pfbe jxpaS* 
KX leob-hata* 
lanb bpypmybe* 
beab]\a hpsepum* 
bujoS foyX jepjc* 
ptfp paef pfbe» 
populb-bjiedma lyr* 
psepon hleahcop-pmSum 
hanba belocene* - 
al;^j:eb ]£S piS* 
leobe sp^tan* 
folc jrepenbe* 
jzpeonb^ psf bepeapob* 
hepjap on helle> 
heopon ]^ibep becdm* 
bpupon beop>l-2ylb* 
bae; pep mi£pe* 
opep mibban-^eapb* 
]^a peo menjeo ptfp* 
fpa ]^8ep^ paejTen bpeah 
pela mippepa- 
ealb-pepije* 
ejyptapolc* * 
yxf ]w hie plbe pep^- 
pypnan ^hcon- 
moypep m^Ijum- 
jip hie metob lect* 
onlaDpie lupt* 
leopep'pHScp* 
pypb paep jepypeb. 



10 



[145] 



many first-born ; 
the bursten city-holds 
the slayer widely penetrated, 
the fell hater of the people ; 
the land mourned orer 
the corpses of the dead, 
their flower departed, 
wail was on every side, 
little of worldly joys ; 
of the laughers* were 
the hands closed; 
the dire journey if was permitted 
to the people to bewail, 
the departing nation. 
The enemy was spoiled, 
their multitudes in hell ; 
heaven thither came, 
fell their infernal gods, 
great was that day 
over mid-earth, 
when the many departed, 
who that bondage had endured 
many seasons, 
the old malignant 
folk of Egypt, 
for that they perpetually 
thought to deny 
to the kin of Moses, 
if them the Lord permitted, 
the long desire 

of their wished-for journey. . 
The march was hastened. 



• Litertlly* lAe Umglttr^smtht. 
^ For jjieoad I foipcct we ought to read fcoab. 
iii. 36 i "And they tpoikd the Egyptiani." 
« Apparently sn error Ibr >kc;. 



The line answers to Exod. 



CJEDM0N*8 PARAPHRASE. 



181 



j^Tiom feVe lebbe* 

oi»2-1nipb heopa* 
ofepjrdp he mfl> ff p>loe< 
pejrena popn* 
lanb ^ leob^peqib* 
lalSpa manna* 
enje anpalSaf • 
iinciilS j^lib* 
08 f hie on 3a%*m^oe* 
2eapfe baejion- 
p«pon lanb heojia* 
K^T-hehne be^ahe* 
meapc-hopt mdp healb* 
mojjef ojpqi ^* 
fela meopinja- 
fvpbe 2«laebbe* 

XLIII. 

)>ehc Yh ymb cpa nihc* 
cfppejme h«le8« 
pVSan hie jreonbum* 
u^pipen haepbon* 
}inb picijean- 
pepobef beaphcme* 
nub aeljp epe*^ 
aechanef ' by??* 
nuej^ej* nucjix* 
meapc-Ianbum 6n- 
neappe 2cn}*bbon- 
on nopS-peptf • 



[146] 



bold lie who led 

(the proud leader cl the tribes) 

their kin. 

He traveried with the folk 

many faal towns, 

ike land and nation's guardian, 

of the hosUle men ; 

narrow passes, 

an unknown way, 

till that they on the hostile frontier 

assembled ready. 

The lands they occupied were 

with an air-hdm bedecked, 

the mountain held their tents\ 

Moses then over 

many obstacles 

led the march* - 

XLIII. 

Croif then, after two nights, bade 

the illustrious chief, 

when they from the enemies 

had escaped, 

to encamp about 



the town of Etham, 
with most of hit power, 
on the border lands. 
Closely they pressed 
on the north ways, • 



* MS. and Joniot jicpa. b Literally, jk£|.AMMt. 

* I am unable to give any ioterpretation of these two ^^ n^ff ^ 

* Junius xr auej. but in the MS. an h is superscribed in a Tery ancient handp 
probably nearly coeval with the MS. itself; I have therefore not hesitated to adm^ 
it into the text. See Exod. xm. SO. 



182 



N*8 PARAPHRASE. 



^v 



pifton Iiim be piSan* 
jTjel'papa lanb* 
fopbaepneb baph-UeoSu' 
bpone leobe* 
batnm heopon-colum* 
Jwp hahj job. 
ftS p^p bpyne* 
p>lc jefcylbe* 
baelce opep bpaebbe* 
bypnenbne beopm* 
luuj&ii neox* 
b£tpenbne Ifpc* 
hsejbe pebep-polcen* 
pibum peSmum. 
eop&n 3 np*pobop* 
epne jeba^leb- 
laebbe leob-pqiob- 
lij^jiyp abpftic* 
hate heofon-topht* 
liaeleS papebon* 
bpihta jebpymoji;* 
baej-fcealbef ^ hleo* 
panb opep polcnum- 
baepbe pitij job. 
fUDDan fiS-jaet- 
jpejle* opeptolben* 
ppa y^L maeft-pdpa]** 
men ne cuSon- 
ne & peji-pdbe* 
jej-edn meahcon* 
eop%-buenbe* 



ao 



they Icnew that on thei/ south 
trof the Ethlops' hund, 
scorched mountun-heights^ 
(a people brown 
with the hot coals of heaven ;) 
there /Ae holy .God 
against the heat intense 
shielded the people, 
with a cuaogj o'erspread 
the. burning heaven^ 
with a holy net, . 
Me torrid air.«. 

« 

^ Had the cloud, 
in its wide embiacej 
the earth and firmament above 
alike divided : 
1/ led the nation-hpst ; 
quenched was the flame-fire, 
with heat heaven-bright. 

Th6 people were amazed,- 
of multitudes most joyous, 
their day-shield's shade 
rolled over the clouds. 
T^e wise God had 
the sun's course * 
with a sail shrouded ; 
though the mast-ropes 
men knew not, 
nor the siul-cross 
might they see, 
the inhabitants of earth. 



* Apparently an error for beojili-blcoSa. 

* Lye and others propose the correction ^ae^-Jceaber. whkh is qnite needless, 
ycealb being an orthographical variation of jcylb, sometimes written ycdb. 

« Either an error or an orthographical variation for jtjjiit (as c|K)m for com, 
p. 113. 1. 14 ; hi'peopon for hj>copon, p. 188, 1. 1 ; yyop for y6p. p. 1^3, Lj>» 
The word occurs again at p. 184, L 10. 






CiBDMON^S PARAPHRASE. 



183 



ealle qiaqxe* 
liQ apaqmob jwi** 
felb-hiira maejr* [{Sobe^*< 

p^iSan he mib pulbjie jepeop^ 



an /Ae enginery; 

liow was fiistened 

thai greatest of field-bouset. 

After that he with glory honooredy 



}yeoben holbe* 
]?a paef ]ypibba pfc* 
polce to jpofpe* 
fypb eall j^feah* 
hu Jraeji hhpebon* 

\yyz punboji leohc« 

leobe on^ecoa* 

bujoS ifpahela« 

f }^]\ bjuhcen qK>m- 

pejioba bjuhcen* 

plc-p::eal metan* 

him bepopan ):6pan« 

jyji "5 polcen- 

in beojihc pobo]\« 

•beamaf tpe2en« 

]mpa aeghpaeSep- 

epi-2^ba§lbe* 

heah-J^epnin^a- 

hahjep jajTer. 

beopmdbjia pS« 

bapim "J ii]}ituin* 

]^a ic on mopj^n Ji^yjasffi 

m6bep ptfpin« 

hebban hepe-byman* 

hltiban fcepium- 

pulbpep pdman* 



10 



90 



£i«] 



to the Lord futhful. 

Then was the third station, 
in comfort to the people. 
All the host saw 
how there towered 
Me holy sails, . . . 
the aerial wonder light. 
77ie people knew,' 
the flower of Israd, 
that the Lord there came, 
the Lord of hosts,. ^ 
a camp to mete c 
before him joomeyed 
fire and doud, 
in the bright firmament, 
two pillars, 
each of whidi 
shared alike 
the high services 
of the holy Spirit, 
the march of the bdoved, 
by day and night. [morrow^ 

Then, as I have heard, on the 
the bold in nund 
radsed the war-tramps, 
with Foices hmd, 
Me terrors of glory : 



* Here a put of the poem has probablj been omitted by the acribe, there 
bciDg no hiatos in the MS. * 



184 



€iEDMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



pepob eall ap<f • . 

mobispa nuejen. 

jpa huD moypej* be1>eib« 

metobef polce* 
jpiif )ypb-2^H^vun* 

Kfej- lac-J^eop* 
Iff-p^ mecan* 
.fpe^l-fiSe feoIb« 

fdpon fl^R>-p^e* 
pole psef on pilum- 

XLIIII. 

}>lfib liep2^f cypm« 
heofon-beacen afdSi* 
aepena 2^Iipam« 
oiSep punbop jyUic* 
aepcep pinnaij* - 
fetl-piLbe beheolb^ 
ofeji le6b-pepiim« 
Kje rcinan. 
bypnenbe be&n* 
bUce pc6bon* 
opep fceotenbum* 
fdpe leoman-, 
fcinon fcylb-lipeoSaii'* 
pceaSo^ fpilSpebon* 
neople mhr-pcupan* 
neah ne militon* 
heolftop aliyban* 
beofon-canbel bapn* 



10 



[U8]. 



the host an rose, 

the power of the valiant, 

as them Moses hade, 

the tribes' great chieftain, 

the people of the Lord. 

Prompt that marshal band 

saw onward 

the Guide of life 

mete out life's way, 

he the sail's course directed. 

The seamen after 

marched the flood way, 

the folk prospered. 

XLIIU. 

Loud was the shout of the host, 

the heavenly beacon rose 

each evening. 

Another stupendous wonder !-— 

After the sun's 

setting course, they beheld . 

over the people, 

a flame to shine, 

a burning pillar; 

pale stood 

over the archers 

the dear beams, - 

the bucklers shoqe. 

2r%e shades previdled ; 

yet the falling nightly shadows 

might not near 

shroud the gloom. 

J%e heavenly candle burnt. 



* fcyld-hjieottan. I am anable to translate the Utter part of this compoand. 
' ^ Perhaps we ought to read jceabo. I am aware that my translation of thi 
and the three fullowing lines is far from satisfartory. 



this 



C£DMON*S PARAPHRASE.' 



186 



Dipe niht-peajib* 

nybe fceolbe* 

pf cian Ofep pepebom* 

Yj l«f him pefcen-jpyp*' 
hiji hiS««. 

holmepun pebejiiim* 
ofepclamme* 
pejibS jetpsf 
ha?j:be j^jiejenja* 
pypene loccaf • 
blace beim^** 
bell ejfan hpe6p. 
in ]^am hepe-]^pe<te« 
hacan ISje- 
f he on peftenne* 
pepob p)pbae]inbe* 
n}'m^ hie m<Sb-hpate* 
moyfcf hypbe« . 
ycein fcSp pepob* 
fcylbap hxton- • 
^epipon pinb-pijan* 
pihte jTp8§ce« 
fejn opep jTedcon* 
oS f jTS-paepten* 
lanbep set enbe« 
leob^-maejne poppttfb* 
ptip on pop<5-p^- 
pypb-pic ap£p* 
pi'jipton hie pepi^e* 
pifce 2enae2bon« 
indblje mece-]>e2naf • 
hypa mae^en beton* 



10 



ike new night-ward 

must by Gompalacm 

rest over fA« hosts, 

lest them horror of the waste, 

the hoar heath 

with its raging storms, . - 

should OTerwhehn, 

their souls hSL « 

Had their harbinger 
fiery locks, 
pale beams; 

a cry of dread resounded 
in the martial host, 
at the hot flame, 
that it in the waste 
would bum up the host, 
imless they zealously 
Moses obeyed* 

Shone the bright host, 
the shields gleamed; 
the bucklered warriors saw 
in a stnught course 
the sign over the bands, 
till that the sea-barrier, 
at the land's end, 
the people's force withstood, 
suddenly, on their onward way. 

A camp arose; — 
they cast them weary down; 
approached with sustenance 
Me bold sewers^; ' ' 
they their strength repaired. 



■ This line U incomplete, and between 1. 7. snd L S. there it no slfiteFttioB i 
indeed this put of the MS. is in genend written with ftr less sccwacy than the; 
preceding. 

^ MS. leo. « Lttcrallr. m^-thm 



18« 



CiBDMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



fiS^San byme puDj* 
flotan jpelb-h4jiim« 
ysL paej* jpeop^Se p(e« 
panb-pijena jiaeft* 
be jmn pe^ban fifi- 
^Sasji on fypb hypa* 
pep fpell beqKmi« 
ohc udenbc? 
e^prnjedbtti* 
pael-jpyjie pqioba- 
ppaec-mdn jebib* 
yXne Uft-peapb* 
fe& him lanje i£|i* 
eSeUeapim. r 
on nieb sefquqp* . 
pean pitum jaejc* 
ps^pe ne jymbon* . 
^ah ]w fe ylbpa cynuij- 

*PJ« • • 



10 



spread themselves about, 
after the trumpet sang, 
tke sulors in ihe tents. 

Then was ihe fourth station, 
the shielded warriors' rest,' 
by the Red Sea. 

There in their camp 
the sudden tidings came, 
fear on the people : 
m dread they stood, 
deadly horror of the hosts ; 
the fugitive awaited 
the foe in his rear, 
who to him long ere, . 
to the homeless, 
had by force assigned 
misery with torments fast. 

ITieir covenant they heeded not, 
altiiough the elder king. 



90 ere 



• • • 

• • # 

• • • 



XLV. 



XLV, 



%a peapIS ypfe peapb* [1^9] Then was ihe hdr, 
m jefoica •« in the people's • • • . 



manna seftep ma%mum< 
f he fpa roicelef jeSfli- 
eaOef fay jx>p2^ton« 



according to the treasures of 
so that he thus greatly throve 
All this they forgot. 



* Here the MS. has manifestly fnffered mutilation. 



C£DMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



187 



p'SSan 2paine pupboo* 

ejj'pca cyn* 

ymb an cpij* 

& heo hif mae^-finum* 

mop^ji fjiemebon* 

pjiohc bejienebon* 

paqion heaiSo-pylmaf • 
heoptan ji^tew^e* 
inihc-in<Sb pejia* 
m£num tjieopum* 
polbon hie f feoph-lean« 
pSicne jylban* 
f ce he ^ bsj-peoiic* 
hpeope 2^bohte- 

{raep bun mihtis 2^'* 
on "Sam fpdbrfiiSe* 

rpebe fop2«Fe- , 
}ra bun eopla m<Sb* 

ojitjiyjpepeaplS.. 

p^San hie ^^^pipon* 

oj: pi^pe^um* 

pypb pipadnif • 

fopi onjanjan* 

opepholcpejan* 

eopeblixan* 
^japaf cpjinebon* 

piS hpeap]x>be* 

bLcon bopb-bpeoiSan* 

bfman pinjon. 
yY^yttf )miiian« 

]»eob-meapc tpeban* 



after they became hoetilie^ 

the Egyptian race, . 

about a rods 

Tlien they on his Idndied 

murder peqpetrated, 

kmaJea stniey> 

brake their covenant, 

their deadly feuda were 

at heart heavy^ 
10 the violent minds of the people. 

With false faith, 

they would that life-gift 

with fraud requite ; 

so that they that day-woik 

bought with blood 

fit>m the people of Mosesiy 

when them the mighty God, 

on that perilous jonmeyj . 

gare a prosperous issue. 
~~ ^ Then of his men the mind 

became despondent, 

after that they saw, 

from the south ways, . 

the host of Pharaoh 

coining forth, • V ' 

.moving over the hol^ 

the band glittering. 

They prepared their armsj,' 

the war advanced,- 

. bucklers glittered, 
trumpets sang, 
standards rattled, 
they trod the nation's frontier. 



'\ 



y 



* LHenlly^ • #viy ; apparently in allusion to die rod of Aaroa, whidk bad oc* 
cuioncd io much calamity to the Egyptians :*-tfac line h, howeter^ ddccdvc. 



188 



CiEDMON^S PARAPHRASE. 



on bpael bppeopon* 
hepe^pijohif • v 

hilbe 2P9^iZ^* 
beap^-feiSepe* 
opeji bjuht-neum* 
ponn pael-ceapeja** 
pulpif pmjon* 
acol aefen-leolS* 
ifcep on p^nan* 
capleajtm beoji* 
Cfylb ji6f beoban^* 
on USjia laft* 
leob-masjne]* pil* 
hjieopon meapc-peapbap 
mibbnm nihtum* ■ 
fleah jp6s^ j^jl:* 
pole paep S^bii^eb* 
hpilum op ]^am pepobe* 
plance J^epiap* 
nuScon mil paSap* 
meapa bd2;um* 
him yxji pejn-cynm;- 
fx6 |K>ne pepi popan* 
manna Jyen^el* 
meapc ]^peate pib* 
2uS-peapb pimena* 
2pim helm jeppeon* 
cmm; cm-bepje* 
cumbol lixton* 
pi^ep on pennm* 
hpel Uencan pceoc* 
heht hif hepe-cipte* 
healban 2«opne* 



Around them screamed 

the fowls of war, 

greedy of battle^ 

dewy-featheredj 

over the bodies of ihe host, 
[ 151 ] (the dark chooser of the slain) i 

the wolves sung 

their horrid evensong, 

in hopes of food, 
to the reckless beasts, 

threatening death to the valiant s 

on the foes' txncVJlew 

the armjf'/otvL 

The march-wards cried 

at midnight ; 
^ew the spirit of death : 

the people were hemmed in. 
At length of that host 

the proud thanes ' 
SD met mid the paths, 

in bendings of the boundaries ; 

to them there the banner-king 

marched with the standard, 

the prince of men 

rode the marches with his band ; 

the warlike guardian of the people 

clasped his grim hdm, 

the king, his visor. 

The banners glittered 
30 in hopes of battle; 

slaughter shook the proud. 

He bade his warlike band 

bear them boldly. 



■Thenvea. 

^ This line is extremely obscure : ji6j is possibly an error for jid^nnu 



Ci£DMON*S PARAPHRASE* 



189 



pejT p-pb-jeqimn- 
fpeonb dDf^on** 
MSmn ei^an* 
lanb-manna cyme* 
ymb hine paejon- 
pijenb tfnjiophte* 
hdjie heojia pulpq*^* 
hilbe 2P«ca)n« 

Wn^« fiwc-pfxcf 

]>eoben liolbe* 

haefbe him alepen* 

leobabujeSe* 

tfp-eabijpa* 

tpi ]^ufenbo* 

f paepon cynmjaf • 

ou f eabepiht** 

aeSelum beope- 

]X>p^n £npa jehpdc* 

Ac alaebbe* 

paepneb-cymief* 

pijan aejhpilcne* 

)>apa }»e he on &m F^)"^* 

pnban mihte* 

paepon m^emen* 

ealle secjaebepe* 

cjnmjar o^ coplSpe* 
cu% op: ^ebdb* 
hopn on heape* 



It 



the firm body. 

The enemy saw 

with hostik eyes . 

Me coming of the natives : 

about him moved 

fearless vrarriors. 

The hoar army wolves 

the battle hailed, 

thirsty for the brant of war. 

The prince fidthfiil ones 

had to him chosen, 

the flower of the people, 

renowned iiMit 

two thousand; * 

these were kmgs 

and kinsmen 

in the realm, 

dear to the nobles, 

therefore each one 

led out, 

of the male kind, 

every warrior 

of those that he in that space^ 

could find. 

Were in conmum, 
all together, 
the kings in a body« 
2^e renowned oft awaited 
the horn in the phalanx. 



* jjiconb I soq>ect to be an error for ftotib, and 6npion either an error, or a 
different ertbogr^by for onjmjon. 

^ Apparently an error for bejie-^nljpay . 

« This line I do not nnderstand. It is probable that the scribe, nnable to spdl 
what he did not see. wrote this and some other parts of the MS. from dictataoo, 
and that the true reading is, on yam eojiS.jifee, or eajib-jiice. The stmilaritf 
of sound between the two readings may hare been snfficiently great to occasion 
the mistake. 



190 



Ci£DMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



to hfBdf lue^t^^lb-mco* 
2uS-]^peat ^onieiia* 
jeajipe baepon* 
fpa yaji eo]ip-pepob» 
6c anlaebbon* 
yX xpceji WSwok* 
leob-maejnef popn* 
^ufenb-ma§liim* 
^ibeji paejion fOje* 
haqrbon hie 2cmynteb t6 ]^m 
mnjen-^liedpiiiii* 
t6 yum l^-baeje* 
ifpahela cynn* 
billum abpeotan* 
on hyjia bpoSoji* ^ylb* 
i^fojiyon paef in picum* 
p6p iip-abapen* 
itol acfen-leoiS* 
ejepn fttfbon* 
pepebon pael-net« 
ya j^ poma cpom* 
jJajon fpecne fpd» 
jzeonb^ peep ^tnSb* 
pepub paef plj-bUc- 
o% ^ plance popfceaj:* 
nuhti; enjel* 
ye & menijeo bebeolb* 
f yxjL 2clabe* nub him* 
len; ne mihton- 
^ejetfn topomne* 
pX pef 2eba61eb* 



11 



io the leaden of which 
the warlike host of people 
ready marched; 
who there Me legion host 
also led on, 
foe after foe, • . 
'a powerful band, 
by thousands. 
Thither they promptly came, 
[15S] they had resolved thereon, 
with their powerfiil bands, 
on that morn, 
the race of Israelites, • 
with their fanlchions, to destroy, 
in vengeance for their brothers : 
therefore was in the camp 
a cry upraised, 
a dire evensong ; 
in dread they stood 
cursed the fatal net, . 
Then dread came over them^ 
they fled the dire intelligence. 

The foe was unanimous, 
the host was war-pale^ 
till that their pride cast down 
a mighty angel 
who the multitude protected : 
that there the way with them 
ihey might not longer 
see together, 
Me road was parted; 



^ Apparently an error for bpoVjia. 

^ By jpeonby the foe, seem to be intended the Egyptians ; and by pejinb, Me hotf 
of the Israelites, who are represented as /is-blac, u e. paU with fear of the ene- 
my's approaeh. - 

* MS. and Janias ^elaVe. 



CiEDMON*S PARAPHRASB. 



1911 



bKfbe nyb-fmpa* [ 1 ^ ] 

Dihc-lanpie ftPI^* 

]>eah ^ bim on healja ^^hpam- 

heerenb reomebon* 

maejen oWe mepe-ftpeam* 

nahbon m^jiin hpyppe* 

paepon oppenan* 

eiSel-pihtq-* 

faeeon acftep beoppim^ 

m blacum peapnm* lo 

pean on pemim* 

paeccenbe bib* 

eall peo pb-^ebpihe- 

pomob aecpebepe* 

mapan mae^enep* 

06 moypep bebeib* 

eoplap on ^hc-db* 

iSpnum b^num** 

pole pomnijean* 

fpecan ipipan* 

habban heopa Uencan* 

hyc2an on ellen* 

bepan beopht peapo* 

beacnum cl^ean* 

ppeot panbe ne<p* 

pnelle jemtinbon* 

peapbap p^-leo8* 

pepob paep jcpypeb* 

bpubon opep buppim* 

byman ^^hypbon* 

plotan pelb-bupom* 

pypb paep on oppM* 

piSISan hie jecealbon* 

piiS ^am ce<$n-hete* ^ ^ ^ 



ihe fugitiTe had 

a night long space ; 

though hinij on either side^ 

anvingnigca 

force or sea-stream. 

Thfy had not a great spac^ 

ihey were hopeless 

of ^Ae land* lights: * 

ihey sate dispersed 

in sad garments, 

with affliction in their thoughts ; 

watching awaited 

all the Idndred band 

at once together 

the great power; 

until Moses bade 

hii men, ere dawn, 

with brazen tramps, 

the folk to gather/ 

the bold aris^ 

have their courage ready, 

think on ralour, - 

bear bright arms, 

summon with signals 

ihe multitude near to ihe sand. 

Quickly remembered ' 

the watchmen the war-song; 

the host was set in motion, 

spread themselves about. 

Heard the trumpets 

the mariners in ihe tents ; 

the march was hastened, 

after they had numbered, 

agunst that dire hostility. 



b^noiB is evidently sn error for bteom. See line 3a 



192 



CJBDMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



on J^ain foji^hejije- ' 
pefan tpelpe* 
mdbe jidpa* 
mse^en p«f onhjilpeb* 
p»f on £njia j^hpam* 
»&lan cynnef • 
alefen unbep Ifqbum- 
leoba busniSe* • 
on p>le-2et8el* ; 

li»):be djtai 2®bpile* 
caSef pepobcf .* 
jaji-bepenbjia* 
pi'S-piieminenbpa* 
X. hunb jetdeb* 
d]\-eabispa* 
^ paef pi^lic pejiob* 
pdc ne 2petton« 
in ^ junc-^etael* 
paejTan Heji^ep* 
J^a ^f^ po]i jeojuiSe* 
2yt ne mih«x>n* . 
unbeji bopb*h]\eo{San< 
bpeoft-net pepa* ' 
pit plane peonb^* 
fohnum pepi^ean- 
ne him bealu benne« 
jebiben haepbon* 
opep hnbe laqu;** 



10 



in their van^ 

twdye bandi 

of men for courage famed : 

thnr valour was roused, 

was in erery one 

of noble race 

chosen, under linden bucklers, 

the flower of the nations. 

In the number of the people 

were fifty bands ; 

each band had 

of Me famed host, 

arm-bearings 

war-fanng, 

ten hundred numbered 

illustrious warriors ; 

that was a warlike host. • 

The weak admitted not, 

into that martial number, 

the leaders of the army, 

those that, for youth, 

might not yet, 

under their bucklers, 

the breast-net* of men, 

against Me arrows of the enemies, 

with their limbs defend, 

nor baleful wounds 

had awaited, 

over the linden shields. 



• That isy the shirt of mail, fonncd of rings like nct-irork. 

^ Probably an error of the scribe for fconbs. 

« Ikjiij* Under this irord Lye makes the following obserraiioa : " Hbc tox 
occurrit apnd Ccdm. 68. 5 : At interpretatio cjns, vt et nudtanun alianim in 
ista poetica paraphrasi ocaurentiam, minime liquet" In the SoppL it b ex^ 
plained ioctHi, tjpmm 



CJEDMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



19S 



Ite-fonbe fpop* 

jjlp-pl«pm jSper* 

punele ne m^^roa* 

b<jie hesSo-jifqcqr* 

hilbe oD^eon* 

pf * him m6b heapum* 

mxj/tn )*pi8juibe* 

ic hie be pvftmum* 

piS^cufioo. 

hfl IB leobi'C i pe* 

Uercanpolbe* 

m<b nub ijian* 

eac^an maegaef cpMBpe* 
• • i# 

2<|i-beMiier penj. 
^ p«f hanb-poppa* 
bepe Kcpebepe* 
F*r ror^-pejap. 
pma up pib* 
beama beophtejx* 
baton* ealle fh j^n- 
hponne p[S«bob«* 
pdt-ftpeamum neah* 
leoht 0|»p Lnbum* 
lyft-ebopap bpsc :• 



tore body-woondsy 
ike dart'a exuking play. 
The aged might not, 
ike hoary chiefkaui% 
[155] engage in baftOc^ 

yei in ike banda their mind 
tfnd might had away ; 
for ikey, accor£ng to Air strength^ 
choae eack warrior:. 
M how in ike nation 
ke would ahow 
valour with glory^ . 
also by dint of mighty 

ik€ apear-beam grasped. 

Then was of /Ae famed of hand 
ike host together. 
Rapid ike onward waya 
^ke sign uprodc^ . 
of pillars brightest^ 
» above ikem all agail^ 

when, a marshal of ikdr path^ 
. near to ike sea-streama^ 
Us Ught over ike bucklers 
had burst ike aerial dwdlings. 



XLVI. 

TEhleop y^ pop baeleSum* 
hilbe calla* 
balb beohata'- 
bdpb up-ahdp* 



XLVI. 

[156] Leaped then before ike warriora 
ike man of war, 
ike bold commander < 
kis shield upraised. 



• pf, if not an error of the scribe tor pt: or ijys, Bccms here tobe ated in the 



^ ^i^ here teems to be used for /iSAa. 

* For baron, I suspect we should reed bofOB* 

' The sinnificstion of this word is very doubtftil. hft^ in 8oppL» hss *^ 

o 



194 



C£OMON*S PARAPHRASB. 



helit yh folc-tojan* 
j^be jcftillaii- 
)«nben mdbijef meiSel* 
monije jehyjibon • 
polbe peo]\bi2ean* 
jdoq* Iijjibe* 
oj%p hepe-cifte* 
lia^jan ft6p[i6* 
pepobef jtffa* 
puji^mynbmii fppaec* 
ne heaS je J'y fojihqinn 
yeah 'pe ftpaAa bpohte* 
fpeopb-pijenbjia* 
pbe hejijaf • 
eojila iinjiim* 
bim eallom pile* 
mihti; bjiihten* 
]niph mine hanb* 
to bseje l^ifpim* 
b3igb-Ie<n jypoi* 
f hie Upjenbe* 
len; ne moton* 
aesnian nub ;^m'Sum« 
ifpahelac^* 
ne pillaS eop anbjiaeban* 
beabe jpe)$an* .... 
peje fephf-locan** 
ffpji? fj* 8eb enbe* 
Isnef Kpef • 
eop If Uji jjobef* 
aibpoben Of bjieoftum* 
ic on betejum |u6b* 



bade ihe folkJeadert 

stay / Ae marcbj 

while ihe bold ckief*9 address 

many should hear« 

Would harangoe 

the guardian of the state^ 

through the martial host, 

with holy roioe t 

fAe leader of Me multitude ' 
10 with dignity spake :-* 

'Be ye not the more fearful, 

though that Pharaoh hath brought 

of sword- warriors 
^ Tast bands. 

of men a countiess number ; 

to all tiiese will 

the mighty Lord» 

through my hand, 
. -on this day, 
» give requital for their deeds, 

tiiat they living 

longer may not 

hold in misery 

the race of IsraeL 

Dread ye not 

dead bands, 

&ted carcases; 

the space is at an end 

of their fragile lives. 
30 From you is the lore of Gh>d 

withdrawn from yotir breasts;. * 

I rede to what is better. 



bars i. q. behsta. tpwifm, tponmtr. Afotm its dictos fidem dans ImratiKHt de 
•alate pronuMa despermntiliut." The translation given in the text b from hataa 
in the sense of Is oeaMtoMl. 
•T1ieUttndmeaiungoffejihtf»locab«fAalirAMtsefoMf lAejoslor/^ .' 



CiBDHON^S PARAPHRASE. 



195 



jnilbpef albop* 
"J eop Iff-fpean* 
Iijja bibbe* 
fijojiA jcjynto. 
)wp 2^ jrSien* 

« 

abpahamcf job* 

fpumfceapcm fpea* 

fe fiaf fvpb pejieS* it 

mdbi; ^ ouejea-p^^* 

mib YdBjke inidaa hanb* 

h6f fia pop hejijum- ( 157 ] 

hlAbe jixpie* 

lip2^nbp* y«ob*« 

)^a be eo leobum fpp«c« 

hpiec je n6 eajam* 

eo onloctaS* 

p>lca leopojfi:* 

pSji-punbjia pun* m 

hu ic jflfBL flob** 

1 ^eof fpilS]\e banb* 

2pene c<cne« 

jap-recjef bcop. 

}^ 6p pepe& 

ojTtum pypcrS* 

paecep [-j]* pcal-peftcn. 

pejar rynbon bpyje* 

hajpe bep6-ftpBCa* 

holm zepfmeb. » 



tliai ye hoDOur 

ihe Cbicf of glofy, 

and to your life*a Lord 

for blcsungt prajy 

fraiU of triumpbiy 

vbere yt are joumeyinK* 

Thk is tbe eternal 

God of Abrabam, 

Lord of creationiy 

wbo tbta boat gnatdetl^ 

grandj and for m^t renowned, 

witb tbe powerfnl band/ 

Thenbefore/Aemultittidesndaed 
a loud Toioe;, 

be/are the people of the Unng^ 
urben be to the nations spake^— 
'Lo! ye now witb your eyes 
beboUy 

most bdoved of peopk^ 
a stupendous wonder % 
bow I myself bave strndc, 
and tbis ligbt band, . 
witb a green ugnj 
the ocean's deep : 
the wave ascends; 
rapidly worketh 
the water a wall-fiistness ; 
/Ae ways are dry, . 
nigged army-roads } 
the sea hath left 



* Mtnning (Suppl. ad Lye) tuppoM* that >cob in fhit pkce may be pot for 
>cobca, which it not probable^ aa hpseabjia >eobea conld hardly apply to 
Motet. Ferhapt we oaght to read )*co^« and consider fhe line aa in appoailioB 
to hcjijom, and alto governed by jpoji. 

^ The^l it nunifettly an error» and dettructiTe of tbeienae: ''Andtlic watcn 
were a wall unto them," Ice Esod« xir. n* 

o2 



196 



C£DMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



ealbe fta^laf • 

]?a* ic liji ne S^fpaepi' 

opeji mibban-^eapb* 

men ^^jrejian* . 

ftjjd j%lbaf • 

^a fOfX heoDon* 

in &e*. 

ySe J^eahton* . 

pi«-pinb ]:ojin<m. 
bas^p^ef blaeft* 
bjiin;' If apea]x>b* 
r<nbp£-cfprpan. 
ic p<t fdS jejie* 
]^ eop miha; job* 
milcpe jecj^Sbe* 

eoplaf i§p 2^^^* 
opept ip peloft* 
^ 2® op peonba* 
paefSme peop^n* 
' nu pe djenb*^ 
tip <psepbe* • 
peibe ptjieamap* . 
in panb-jcbeoph* 
pynbon }^ popepeallap* 
fxrgpe j/ejtepte* - 
ppsetbcu Y^'PBLjiVi* 
0*8 polcna hp^p* 
septep ysan pdpbum* 
pepob eall ap<p* : 



its old stations : 

where I before have never beard, 

over mid-earthj 

men to journeys 

are Tari^ated fields, 
[ 158 ] wbich from this time, 

through eternity, 

the waves have covered : 

the salt sea-depths 
10 hath the south wind dried up, 

the sea-waves' blast. / 

Ocean is swept away, 

the sea's ebb hath drawn the sand. 

I know in sooth full well 

that to yon the mighty Ood 

"mil have shown mercy, 

O chiefs ! ere sunseU 

Quidcest b best 

that ye from the enemies* 
» grasp escape. 

Now the Lord 

hath upreared 

the red streams, 

as a protecting sMeld ; 

4he fore-waUs are - 

fairly rmsed, 

(wondrous wave-roads !) 

to the clouds* roof.' - 
After those words 
30 Me host an rose^ - 



* The sciiM of this puBage it obocuro* anfest >a be an enrar for, or synony- 
moot iritb, >«ji, like die Gennui da. 

^ Here the text is manifettly defectiTe, and my interpretntion conseqiientiy 
merely coDJectoral* 

< jtAxit is, I doubt not. an error for jealce. In sobscqaent parts of the poem 
occur jealce y>a, fealtc jlB-jspif. 

^ Manifestly an error for bjtmi. - 



CiEDMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



197 



mSbxgpaL maejiok* 
mepe ftille Mb*. 
h6jxm hepe-cyjix-' 
hplce linbe* 
j-esnaj- on panbe* 
p£-peall afcah* 

priS ij:pahelam* 
&i-bi§2ne fjpfc* 
paep peo eopla jebpihc* 
diiep mdbcp-* 

paeftum paefSmum* 
j^ieo^So-p^pe lieolb- 
nallep hije jebfpbon^- 
halijep l^pe- 
ptiSan leopep leo5- 
Isfte neap* 

3 pancq'blanb'* 
yh f peop^ Q'n* 
PTpmept eobe* 
p6b on pa^j-pcpeam* 
pljan on heape* 
opep 2penne jpiinb* 
i&bifc p€&- 
<nou dpecte*- 
dncu'S jdib- 
jpop hip maej-ptnum* 
fpa hun nuhti2.2ob* 
)?»p baej-peopcep* 
beop lean pop^ealb* 



10 



the power of the bold : . 
ihe sea stood stilL 

Raised ihe inaTtial bands 
ihe white lindens^ • 
lAe banners on lAe sand ; 
ihe sea-wall rose^ 
stood erect 

towards ihe Israelites, 
a one day's space. 
Was ihe host of men 
of one mind,, 

in iheir firm breasts;, 

hdd iheir covenant of love* 

They heard not 

ihe holy's lore, 

when the bdoyed's song- 

m 

the sound prevailed, 
and he ceased from song« 
Then ihe fourth tribe . 
went foremost I 
waded into ihe wave-stream 
the warriors in a body, 
over green ground. 
21ie tribe of Judah ' 
hastened su^Iy 
an unknown way, 
before his Innsmen ; 
so on him ihe mighty God, 
for that day's woik, 
a high reward bestowed. 



* Here one line at least is wanting. 

^ For htje jehyjibon we shonld probably read hi jdij^bon. 

^ Here something is wanting both to the metre and the sense. 

' Probably an error for blan, pret. of blinnan* It 

^ Without donbt an error for onevtt. 



198 



CiEDMON^S PARAPHRASE. 



plStaii him 2^ivlb€« 
pjoji-popca hpcS* 
f he ealbopbtfm* 
ijaa fceolbe- 
ojrep cyne-pSca* 
cneop-mipi bl8^> 

XLvn. 

)>»}:bon him to fepie* 
]m hie on pmb jxi^on* 
opeji bopb-hpeoSan* 
befeen api^ieb* 
m pam jjiprhespe* 
2^IbeDne leop** 
b]uh&«foIca maeft* 
beojia o^nops* 
be )^am hejie-pffan* 
hyn'So ne polbon- 
be him Ifp^enbun* 
Iaii2e ^han* 
)K)mie hie to j^iSe* * 
jjlji-yubn psepbon* 
teoba anii2pe« 
]?paca paep on 6pe* 
heapb hanb-pleja* 
h»2rtealb mftije* 
p«pna pael-pbhtep* 
pij^enb dnp5phce« 
bil-fpa'Su bl^bi^e* 
beabu-m»2nef pi^* 
2pim hehna j^ZPmb* 
]^8ep wbap pdp* 
sjrtep )«pe K^pbe* 
jJotamdbj^* 



Buioe that to lum granted 
the stem Worker of yictoriei^ 
that he eldership 
should possess 
over the kingdomst, 

the flower of his Idn. 

' J • 

XLVII. 

[ 160] They had to them for banner, 

when into the sea they marched, 

oyer their bncklers 
10 a signal reared, 

in the armed band, 

a golden lion, 

greatest of tribes, 

keenest of beasts. 

From the martial leaders 

injury they would not, 

while linng, 

long endure, 

when they to battle 
90 the spear-wood reared 

against any nation. 

Of the brave was in the phalanx 

hard hand-play, 

youths bold 

at the weapons of slaughter, 

fearless warriors, 

bloody faulchion-tracks, 

the rush of battlers strength, 

the grim crash of helms, 
30 where Judah marched. 
After that band 

the seamen^ proudly moved. 



* EYidcBtly SB f nor for Icon. 



^ Litera]ly« ike MOMm. 



CADMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



199 



pubenej- pinu* 
panbaf baepon* 

ofep fealcne mepje* 
min memo* 
micel in jctpum* • 
«obe 4nj»plic« 
he hif ealbopb6iii* 
jToniim afpej^be* 
f he piSop jrdp* 
on leofef laps- 
him on leob<»f€eape* 
jipumbeapnef pihc- 
jipeo-bpo'Sop dSyOk* 
eab ;) vSelo* 
he p«f 2^apu fpa ]?eah* 
)^»p aeftep him* 
folca ypySum* 
pmu pmednef • 
fpeotum comon* 
l^pibbe J^eob-maejen* 
]mfaf punbon* 
opep 3<ji-fape. 
•prS'Cyjte onj^ian;- 
beapi; fceajtnm* 
bsej-pdina becp6m* 

jobef beacna pmi« 
mopjen nu6pe topht* 
mas^en fopt S«p&« 
)m ^aep folc-nue^en* 
fdp sjitep oSpmn* 
tfepn heppim* 
in pffobe* 

. m«2en-]?pymmmn mi^jr* 
Y)' he na§pe peapK* . 



/Ae sons of Reuben 

bare Heir shields^. . - 

sea-viking% 

over a salt marshy 

41 sinful muldtad^ .. 

one great bodj^ 

fearless it went. 

He (Reuben) his eldership - 

had by sins made dormant ; 
IS so that he later marchedy 

after the bdored cM^. 

From him in the nation 

his first-bom's rigbt 

his own brother had withdrawn^ 

his wealth and rank| 

yet was he prompt in arms. 
There after them, . 

those tribes of peopk^ 

the sons of Simeon 
go came in band% 

a third great power, . 

wound their standards 

over the martial way ; 

the war-tribe onward pressed, 

with dewy shafts. 
The day-spot (cloud) came 

over the warrior's spear, 

one of 6od*s signs;, « 

at mom, great and bright. 
3s The power went forth :^ 

then there each people's force. 

marched after other 

in iron companiess 

one led, 

supreme in dignity, 
* (for he was great,) 



200 



G£DMON*S PARAPHRASB. 



.^> 






*t 



• - '- 



on J30]io-p629|^*- 
folc sefceji j»lcttm** 
Gynn mpceji cfnoit* 
coSe «3hpilc. * 
iiiae2-bup2<^ pihc* 
]-pa him moyfef beab< 
eopla sefSelo* 
Lim paef ^ pebeji* 
leof Ieob-j:puma« 
Mob-juht j^l'fli* 
j]idb on fephiSe* 
]:]ieo-ma2um leop* 
c^nbe cneop-pbbe* 
ofojia manna* 
heah-pebejia pun* 
halijej^eobe* 
ijTiaelacyn* 
on jabt jobef « 
jya f ojij^ancnm* 
ealbe peccaS* 
^ ]?e mae^-bupje* . 
niaeft jeppnnon* 
jjinmc^ peopa* 
pebeji-aeSdo j^bpvp* 
nipe^ jltfbaf • 
ntfe opepliS* 
pjij'uifSfC ]^eob6n* 
mib bij; J^pim pmum* 

* * * 

^ne beopeftan* 
bp£n-fldba** 
^apa iSe j^pupbe* 



[161] 



on /JiWr ways forUr: 

(folk by folk, 

tribe by tribe). 

Each one kneir 

Aif right of kin, 

(as them Moses bade,) 

the chiefs* nobility.- 

To them was one &ther,- 

a beloyed patriarch : 

{the hind-right prevailed) 

wise in.sool, 

to his kindred dear, 

Aeb^at araoe * 

of keen men, - 

one of the patriarchs, - - 

a holy nation, 

the tribe of Israel,' 

justly God*s people ; 

as that skilfully 

the old relate, 

those who kinslup 

most understand, 

the oupn of men, - 

the ancestry erf each. 

Dire floods - 
had Noah fiured over, ~ 
majestic chief, 
with his three sons, 
the deepest 
of deluges;, 
which hare happened • 



* MS. jolcnom. Junhu has folcam ia hi* text, which he has comctcd to 
joknum inhislifttof crra/0. The Utter b eridently the trae reading and there- 
fore l ece i Ted tato the tcrt. 

^ ProbaUy an error for Bi)«-^dboj, 

* Apparently aa enor for bjtenc-^dba. See p. S4. L 1S« 



CJ£DN0N*8 PARAPHRASE. 



20i 



•o pofiuIb-pSoe* 
luefbe him on hpeSjie* 
halije cpeopt* 
poii)K>n he 2cbebbe* 
ofep Uju-jTpeamar* 
nuitni-hopbft msfC* 
mine jenueje*. 
on feojih-j^beoph* 
j»lbaii hvjrfae* 
eaUum eopV-c^iiM* 

jipam-coeop j^hpsf • 
pebeji ;j mobep* 
rubboji-teoDbpa* 
^^ereleb ptme* 
nupnioeljia* 
]K)noe meu cttnnoo* 
piottoji ]t£-leoba*« 
eac ^n p£ba j^hpilc* 
on beajim fcipej* • 
beopnaf jrepebon* 
]Fapa ]w unbep heofonuin< 
haeleS bpytcisafi- ' 
jpa ]^ p^r^ men* 
p6pbum fecjaS* 
^ jpom Doe* 

pebep abpahamef • 
on pole-tale* 
f If fe abpaham* 
p hnn enjla job* 
naman nfpan apcedp* 



in ihe iroild*« realm.' 

JiSr had in nund * 

holytniil, 

theioore be led 

over the water^streams' 

of atorehottses'fAe greateit, 

as I have heard, 

for life*8 lecuritf • ' 

^e had of earth' 

for each terrestrial species 

an increasing remnant, 

ihe progenitor of each* 

(fiither and mother) 

bearing offspring, 

by number told, 

Uee great 

ihati fnen Afioi9, 

the prudent mariner. 

Also each kind of seed, 

into the ship's bosom, 

the chieftains bore, * 

of those which under heaven 

men use. 

Wise men, moreover, 
say in words 
that from Noah 
Me ninth was 
Abraham's fiither* 
in the genealogy: 
that is the Abraham 
to whom the God of angds ' 
gave a new name J 



• MS. jpjjiKjs. 

^ 4e9, if not an error for ^n^e, tpprm'to be used ia the same 

« For x«.1co^a we should probably read jK-liba. a word» tbon^ nol ia Lj^ 
yet occorrbg ia fhe *' Death of Byrhtaoth ;'*— aee AaaL A 8. page 1SS« Km St; 



2oa 



CAOMON^S PARAPHRASE. 



tie ^n neah 1 peaji* 
lia]]2e heapaf • 
in 2^hflb bebeab* 
pep-]^eoba jq^eatb* 
he on jFpaece Ujibe* 
fiS^San he j^Iaebbe*^ 
Ieop>ji: feojia* 
halQCf hiSjum* . 
heah Idnb jtiffxnf* 

pb-jemtjap 
on feone beoph* 
prfjie hie ymji ponbon* 

pnlboji 2^r^F^^* 
halQe heah tpeope*' 
fpa hadeS jej^innon* 
ymji ejt fe piottpa* 
fiinu banibef • 
pnlbopjaejc cynuij* 
pitjan Ujium* 
jetimbjiebe** 
cempdjobe* 
alhnhahjne* 
eo]i%-cyn]n2a* 
fe pf j*efta on* 
pojiulb^ploe- 
heahfC 3 haL^oi^* 
httleSnm j^fpsjOfC^ 
maeji; *) nu£po|t:? 
]?ajia ]w manna beapn< 
pjia sfceji^ p>lbaa* ; 
fohniun jcpopbte* 



also near and far 

the holy tribes, 

in guardianship committed, 

the sway of nations. 
He in exile liyed^ - 

after he had led, 

most beloved of men% 

at the Holy One^s behest, 

a high land to ascend^ 
[168] his kinsmen, 
11 on Sion's hilL 

Ihere found they a covenant, 

saw glory, 

a holy high compact, 

as men have understood. 

There afterwards the sagacious 

son of David, 

glorious king 1. . 

by the prophet's counsels, 
so built 

to God a temple^ 
. a holy fane . * 

(of earthly kings 

the wisest in 

the world's realm,) * 

highest and holiest, 

*mongst men most famed, 

chiefest and greatest 

of those that the sons of men, 
at of mortals throughout earth, % 

have wrought with hands. • 



^ jrf {OB seems an cnor for jrissn. 
c Thb liat it dcfeetivcr . . 

' vprejiinthUphrMc^ tsia«^tejibajis«m»SDdt]ieli]ce»liastlieseBieortLe 
LstiajMr. The phxtse b adverbial, sod may gcaerslly be rendered afiroocl 



C£DM0N*8 PARAPHRASE* 



SOS 



abpab&n ifUc* 
ib-fyji onbjuun- 

polbe ]H)ne laftpeajib* 

in lM§l-b%e- 

beojina felojc* 

hif jT^aepie pina* 

CO pje-obpe* • 

injan opeji eopSao* 

yp}»-U[pe* 

feopef fjiofpe* 

iSa he fpa popS j^bfi)* 

leobum 6o Upe^* 

lanaTimne Inhc 

he f 2^*^^* 

J^a he )>one cmht j^nim* 

yxfte mib jxilmom* 
jiolc-cuS 2^^^^* 
ealbe' Upe* 

^ he him ISf -bajaf • 
lebfjian ne pifp* 
]K>nne he hypbe* 
heopn-cyninje. 
tip apaembe* 
fe eopi polbe p lean* 
eapepan ffnne* 



To that &med place 

Abraham laaaci . 
a pile-fire Idndled ; 
{the first life-deatroyer • 
for that \iiis not the Curer :) 
urould him (Isaac) then 
give to the flame^ ' 
into iAe pile-blase ; 
if the best of chiefi^ 
hia dear son, 

for a triumphant aacrificet 
onearth Aif sole' 
hereditary remnant^ 
Alt life's comfort, 
llien be thus awaited 

a longsome hope. 

He that manifested^ 
to (when he took the hay 

hat with his hand% 

renowned among nations drew 

an ancient rdiqu^ 

(Me blade rangy) ) 

that, for himself^ he life-days 

dearer knew not^ 

than when ke obeyed 

heaven's Sng* 

Sie rose np^ . 
ao the chief would day 

his son 



* meVel-jirtb signifies strictly ' a place appointed for meeting and haraagQii^* 
^ IsthisanallosiontoCaia} 

c I am unable to gtre any satisfactory Tersioa of this line. 
' ealb, as the epithet of a sword, occurs also ia the " Death of Byihtnoths"* 
—see AnaL A. S. p. It^, L 37. Ciedmon has also ^atbc Bcce,'*p. 206« L tf. 



204 



CiEDM0N*8 paraphrase; 



luipeaxenne*' 

eapim* peoban magan* 

mlb mice pf bine job Iete» 

ne polbe him beopht pebep-^ 

bei^ aetnfman* 

hab; tibep* 

ic mib hanba hepea^* 

]^ him ji:^pan cpom* 

jtepk oj: heop>nmii* 

pulbjief hleo{So|i* 

pd|ib ejrteji fppcc* 

ne fleh ^u abjiaham- [ 163^ 

)^in ijen beajm* 

pmu mib fpeojibe* ' 

r<iJ If jecylSeb* 

nn fia cunnobe* 

cymnx al-phta. 

f ^ pxS palbenb- 

piSpe beolbe* ' 

pejtre tjieope* 

reo >e j^eo^o rceal. 

m lif-bapim* 

len^ejl: peoji^San* 

ipa to albjie* 

Anfpicienbo- 

ha l^apF mannef pmu* 

mdjian tpeope* 

ne behpylpm nuej* 

beopon ^ eojiiSe* 

bif pulbpef p6pb* 

pfbbpa ^ f ibbjia* 

]K>nne bej^efSman m8e2e*' 

]:<5Iban fceattaf • 



with the edge, the mddy youtfi^ 

with the Bvord, if God him would 
let. 

The glorious Father would not 

the child accept, [from him 

a holy offering; 

but with his bands held him. 
Then him moving came 

a voice from heaven, 
10* glorious sound! •' 

words then spake :— - 

' Slay thou not, Abraham ! 

thine own child, . 

ihy son, with the sword; 

the truth is manifested : 

now hath proved thee . 

the King of all creatures;, 

that thou, towards the Supreme,' 

boldest /Ay' compact, 
90 firm futh, 

which to thee a blessing shaU, 

in thy life's days, 

longest be, 

for evermore • 

unfiling. 

How needs a son of man ' 

a greater pledge ? 

May not subvert 

heaven and earth ' 
so' his glory's word, 

further and wider spread 

than may embrace 

earth's regions. 



• Apparently an error for eci;am* . 



CiEOMON^S PARAPHRASE. 



206 



eopiSan ^bhp^p:* 
•J tip-poboji* 
jdpfecjer 5in. 

nc* is rpejieB* 
enjla ]>eoben« 
pypba palbenb* 
3 pejieba ^ob- 
Y&SpBjz pjojia* 

]mph hif fylfef I^F* 
f J^inef cynnef • 

^ cneop-mdjft* 

]ianb-p]32C>>bjia- 

pim ne cunnon* 

^Ibo oj.%p eoji^San* 

ealle cpmpce* 

to s^fec^enne* 

fdlSum pdjibum* 

nymiSe hpylc J^aef piottop* 

in fepan people* 

^ he <na mae^e* 

ealle jcplman. 

jirinap on eopiSan* 

jxeopjian on heoponum- 

p^bcopja panb*. 

fealte ySa* 

ic hie ^epttaS* 

be pEm tpeonum« 

oS eppte* 

inca teobe* 

lanb cananea* 

leobe ]^ine* 



10 



Me world's circnmferencey 
and finnament aboFe^ . 
ocean's expanse^ 
and thb murmoriiig air. • 
He ait oath swearetb^ 
the Lord of angels. 
Ruler of destinies * 
and Grod of hosts, 
the just Conqueror, 
by his own life, ' 
that of thy tribe 
and kindred, 
shielded warriors, 
the number shall not be abl^ 
men on earth, 
with all their might, 
tosay 

in true words, 
save any one thus wise 
in mind become, 
that he alone can 
number all 
the stones in earthy 
the stars in heayen, 
tfie sea-mounUdns* sand^ 
the salt waves i 
' for they shall sit 
by the two seas, 
unto Egypt 
the people of • • • • • 
the land of Canaan, 
thy people, 



* ne is apparently an cim for he. 

^ MS. and Jun. junb. The correction is admitted into the text; as httng both 
necessary to the sense and in conformity with Gcn» xxaL 17: ''And as the 
sand which w npon the sea ihorc/' . . 



306 



CJEOMON'S PARAPHRASB; 



ji^ieo beajin-jaebeji* 
j»Ica rflojT:* . 

XLVniI." 

Pole ymy ajsSjieb* 
jJ^Sb-cjpi becpdm. .. 

^eopon beaSe hpedp* 
paspon beoph-UxBa* 
hl6be beftemeb* 
holm heoljipe fpip* 
hjieam pasf on j^um* 
paeteji paspna pil* 
pael^mift ajrfli* 
psejion 62yp)?e« 
ept ODcyjibe* 
flujon ]x>phti2enbe* 
p6p on^^ton* 
polbon hejie blea'Se^* 
himaf pnban* 
jylp peap9 piopojia- 
Iiim onjen jenip* 
atol ySa jq'ealc* 
ne «a!p Km; becpom* 
hejtje]- to hibne* 
ic behmban beleac* 
pyjib nub pd§2^« - 
)wp l§p feSV lAJon^* 
mepe mdbjobe* 
maejen paep ibpenceb* 
ftjieamaf jttfbon« 
ftojim up-2epit* 



[166] 



10 



father of noble diildien J 
of folk most exceUent.' 

xLvnn. 

7^e folk was affiighted^ 

the flood-dread seized on 

their sad souls ; 

ocean wdled with deaths 

the mountain heights were 

with blood besteamedy 

the sea foamed gore, 

crying was in the wayes, 

the water full of wei^ns, 

a death-mist rose j > . 

the Egyptians were 

turned back ; 

trembling they fled^ 

they felt fear : 

would that host gladly * 

find their homes ; 

their vaunt grew sadder: 

against them^ as a cloud, rose 

the fell rolling of the waves ; 

there came not any 

of that host to home. 

but from behind inclosed them 

fate with the wave. 

Wherje ways ere lay - 

searaged« 

Their might was merged, 

the streams stood^ 

the storm rose 



• Between pp. 164 and 165 (wliich are blank in the MS.) are vestiges of bmi« 
tilation* whereby Canto XLVIU. seems to be lost. 

^ Probably a provincial variation, or an emw; tor bhVe. 

* Those that had been opened for the passage of the Israelites. 



cMDuaseB PAKipntAss. 907 




hjzmp 



jjJb Hub JCfdb* 



f°^^nv^^ 



•6 
cyzzmjai 






pAb bajieooboa* 
bpoone faiSenia |TpeuB« 




jce jtaSobf • its 

nacob Of b-boba* « 



to 

j-eSe peonbom jeneop* wiio fAe feet o m tf U dmeig . 

pvf feo haepene 1 v|pt* /Ae bine nr wm 



• I Mi VBabIc to iMiga ctcn a •op j gct ia l scbk to i^m 

^FortkkliB^ wbidi tens defoU cT kbmw tr« AoiU frabdilf «wi |A 
prce lajfT, or, as al p. 188. L 16« picik pe^e |^icw 



208 



:C^DMON*S • faraphrase; 



beolfpe jeblanben. - 

bpim bepftenbe^ 

— * >»* 

bldb-^epan bpe^p* 
pB-manna piS* 

yujih mojpe]* banb* ; 

mdb jqiymbe* 

pibepaefSbe- 

pael jaefSmum jpeap* 

fUb fSmgobe* 

la^u lanb jl^feoh 
lypc pof onbpepeb* 
pScon peall-pe]*ten* 
piSjaf bupfton* 
mnlcon mepe-toppaj- *• 
y2L pe mihcija pIob« 
mib baLg^ hanb* 
beopon-picep peapb.« 
pqi-beamap* 
planoe $eobe* 
ne mibcon pophabban* 
bdpenbpa^ palS* 
mepe-ftpeamep mdb*. 
Ac be manepun jepceob^ 
jyllenbe jpypc. 
2'ppec2 pebbe* 
vp-ateab on pleap'* 
ejepm fcdboh* 
peollon pifil-benna* . 

pitpob^ Z^F^* 
beah op beoponoin* > : 



[167] 



10 



jivitb ooRuption Udnted;' ' 
:ihe bursting ocean 
^wboqped a bloody fitoiinj 
ihe seamen's way; 
till that ihe true God, 
through Moses' hand, 
jenlaiged t ^f force, 
.widely drove it, 

it swept death in its embrace ; ^ 
iA^^ood foamed, 
/A<; fated died, ^ 
water deluged the laud, 
the air was agitated,, 
yielded ihe rampart holds, 
fhe wares burst over them, 
the sea-towers melted. 
When ihe Mighty struck, 
with holy, hand, .: 
/AeGuardianofheaven'skingdom, 
ihejofty warriors, ;:• .-^ 
ihe proud nation: :/; ;*. 
ihey might not have v. v 
a safer path, 

for ihe sea-stream's force, 
but it o'er many shed ;» 
yelling horror. r 

Ocean raged, . 
drew itself up on high 
the storms rose, . 
the corpses rolled ; 
fated fdl 
high from heaven 



* By mejte-tojijta/ the rocki Mcm to be intended. 
^ Postibly mn error for helpenbjitn. 

* I hsTe translated (according to Lye's ooiyectiire) on jteap. 
^ Apparently an error for jiMK 



CiEOMON^S. PARAPHRASE. 



209 



banb-peojic jobef • 
fimis-bopiia* 
f Idb-peapbe f loh- 
unUeopan p«2- 
albe mece** 
f ty beaS-bpepe* 
bpihce j'jwjjoo* 
fynfolljia jfpeoe* 
faplom luimoo- 
]»fte bepipene* 
)*ldb-bUc liejie* 
piS^San hie on bo^um* 
bpiin yppmje- 

11186260 eall jjAjieif* 

biQoiS ejypta* 
pijiaon mib hif foIciim< 
he onjieonb* hpaSe* 
p%&ii jefdQi- 
jobef anbpica« 
f pasf mihtigia* 
mepe-fldbef peajib* 
polbe hupu pe^mum- 
hilbe jcfceaban* 

ypp« 1 es«rF«u- 

ejyptum peajiiS* 
y»f bae^-pcojicef • 
beop le£n jefoeob* 
pop^Sam yxf hepi^ef - 
him efc ne com* 
eallef ^njpunbef • 



10 



ihe hand wozk of God : 

of ihe foamy gulfii 

ihe Guardian of ihe flood stnidL 

ihe unshdtering wave 

with an andent finikhicHi, . 

that in ihe swoon of death 

ihase armies slept, 

ihose bands of sinful 

sunk with iheir souls 

fiist encompassed, 

ihe flood-pale host, 

after that them in Us gulfs 

ihe brown expanse;, 

of proud waves greatest, 

all iheir power, o'erthrew ; 

when was drowned 

ihe flower of Egypt, 

Pharaoh with his folk. 

He found quickly 

after Aearos^ 

a denier of God, 

that was mightier 

ihe sea-flood's Guardian : 

yet would he with arms 

decide ihe conflict, 

angry and terrible. 

To ihe Egyptians was, 

for that day's woik, < 

a deep requital given; 

since of that multitude 

came not home again, 

of all ihe boundless hosi^ 



• See p. 203, line 23. Also Beowulf, p. 191, L la 
^ MS. and Junius* jebjiecte. 

* MS. and Jwum, on jpeonb; but manifestly an error of the scribe Ibr onjoab^ 
or rather onfsnb. 

F 



210 



CJBDMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



f te pfS heojio** 
Yecgun iiioji?e* 

bobijean^jitep bupjom* [169] 
bealo-:fpella maejr* 
bopb-peapba hpype* 
baeleSa q^num* 

mepe-beaS j^jpealh** 



any as remnant, 

that even iheir late 

might say^ 

publish abroad^ 

greatest of balefbl tales ; 

their princes'^ fal!, 

to the consorts of the warriors ; 

but those mi^ty bands 

the sea-death swallowed. 



fpel-boban fe8e« 
fp^bahte* 



10 



of the messenger who 
speed possessed. 



a^edc jjylp pejia- 
hie^ piS job punnon< 
]mnon ifpahelum* 
&epa6bar* 
on mepe-hpeappe. 
moyfcj"* r«jbe. 
beah-l^unjen pep* 
halite fpplfee* 
be<$p iSpenbe* 
baej-peopc nemnaS^ 
fpa 2yc pep-ISeobe* 



90 



understood the Taunt of the men 
who against God warred. 
Thence to the Israelites 
eternal counsels, 
on the sea-shore, 
Moses said, 
illustrious man, 
a holy speech, 
a solemn errand, 
(a day-work .caUed, 
as men yet . 



* The some oo ho jio, or ro£her on enror for beojio. 
^ Literally, frvomrr-^viardioat. 

c Between this line ond the following, some Tenet ore evidently wonting. 
' hie seems to be on cnor for >o. 

* MS. ond Junius mojjo. 

' To whot the poet here oUodeo is extremely donbtfuL For nemnoV» the sense 
seemo to require thot we should reod nemn^. 



N*8 PARAPHRASE. 



211 



on j^ppieum pnbalS* 

NSma 2rhpilciie* 

]»ajia ie him bpihcen bebeab* 

on y^m pfi*fioe* 

f6lfum pdpbttin* 

pp oidocan file** 

lipef pealhftdb- 

beo|ihc in bpeopnim- 

Un-hiSfef peapb^- 

pn-peften job* 

jaftef d^on* 

pi&n biS jepecenob* 

ptf b fopS peS* 

hapiiS pSfhcu* 

p6pb on jaeVme* 

pile meajolhce* 

miSbum tifican* 

f pc sepne ne py***- 



10 



find in ike Scriptare%) 

each ordinanee 

wbidi him ike Lord commanded, 

onthat joomcj, 

in irorda of truth. 

If win unlock 
life's Interpreter, 
bright in owr brcasta 
tke body's guardian, 
ifi€ %ride!]r powerful God, 
with the keys of tie spirit, 
mpteiy shall be jexplained, 
oounsd shall go forth : 
Atf hath wise . 
words in kis bosom. 
At win powerfiiUy 
teach oacr minds, 
that we seem not. 



jobej- ^eobfcipep* 
mecobej- nulqrn- 
he up mi onlyhlS* 
nfi up bocepaf • 
becepan fecjaS- 
leujpan l^fc^ pynna- 
)»ip ip lasne bpeam- 
pommum apypjeb* 



of God's law, 
SD of the Creator's mercies* 
He us more enlighieMeih. 
New tiff teamed men . 
tett of a better, 
a longer life ^delights. 
This is a slender Joy, 
with si9u acc u rsed. 



* This and the five following lines are Urns rendered by Hi^ct. '' Si 
Dens, pectore lacidus, viUe interpret, wit mentemTeacrare* apiritda cUvibaa." — 
Gr. A,S. p. 198. I regret my inability to pre a aatiafiutory translation of thia 
Tery obscure part of the poem. 

^ The spirit : literally. ftoat-Jbase'* werdetu 

* Between this and the following linc^ sereral lines are wanting* containing tbe 
beginning of Moses's speech ; boUi tbe sense and the alliteraliou being defective. 

* \ypt is possibly an error of tbe scribe for tff • . 



212 



CiEDMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



ppeccum' aly]»b* 
eapmjia ibbib- 
eSeUeafe* 
Jyrnc z^'T^U. 
phlSam^ healbeS- 
mujinaS on mdbe* 
m£n-h£]* piton* ' 
pejz unbep folban* 

open ice rcjuep* 
;^1a jjAyylcef* 
fpa nu jieffk-yeopaf^^ 
pSce tM^IaS* 
ylbo ati^ i§p beaS* 
epcpypb c^m8*« 
maejen-l^pymma mafijT* 
opep mibban-jeapb- 
basx-babum jrtt. 
bpihten rylp^* 
on 'pBxn xneSel^jXebe* 
manepim b6me«. 
]H>nne he r^^pejrpa* 
fapla IsebeS* 
eabije jaftaf • 
on np-pobop* 
^p leoht ;j lij:* 



allowed to the toretched 

the expectation of the miserable* 

The homelese 

this guest'haU 

as a refuge hold, 

mourn in mind. 

lite house of sin we know^ 

fast under earth ; 

there are fire and worm, 
10 an erer open den 

of every evil : 

so now imperious spoilers 

the empire deal: ■ 

age or earlier death 

afierwqrd comet h, 

of powers greatest, 

throughout mid'-earth, 

in day^deeds- hostile. 

The Lord himself, 
90 in the judgment-place, 

shall judge many, 

when he the uprightu' 
[ 1 70 ] souls leadeth, 

blessed spirits, 

into heaven above, 

where is light and life. 



* MS. pineccum : corrected by Janhu to pjieocom. 

^ ZyhV i. fonui q. ^eh jbr r rfrngitm , Sappl. od Lye ; where L 3-5 are thus 
rendered : " patria brbi hoc hospithun in refugium tenenL" The MS. rcsMli 

' The word jiejn in Uus obscore passage seems equivalent in composition to 
onr arek. In the Harm. Ettmg. CoiL, as quoted by Lye« the same oompoond 
occurs (regin-thiebos). Regin is also among thedifBcnlt words in Samond's 
Edda. See Prof. F. Magnusen*s note on the Vaf thriidnismil, Str. 3. 

^ MS. and Junius* e^ j-yjib cymff ; but both the sense and the alliteration re- 
quire the combination of the first two syllables. P^haps, to complete the metre^ 
we should alto read cymeV for cymV. 



CiBDM0N*8 PARAPHRASE. 



213 



eac ^on hffu blsb* 
bujcvB on bpetiiM* 
bpihcen lieiujpit* 
pepoba fulbop-G^mnS* 
CO pibaa f«ojie* 
jfpA peojibobc* 
pitbA jjtxBkftkhn* 
manna milbofC* 
mihcum fpiVeb* 
hl&ban jrepie* 
hepe fCiUe bfi>* 
picobef piBan* 
ponbop onj^eon* 

hi t6 msnepim jrppcc* 
micel If l^eof memjieo* 
msejen-pffa tpam* 
poUefca maefC* 
yt Caf pipe bebeiS* 
baps upon canan^a- 
cyn jdypeb* 
buph -J beajap** 
bpibe pioe- 
pile nu jelaeptan* 
f he lanje jeh^t* 
nub iS-fpape* 
enjla bpihben* 
in f}7in-bapim- 
paebepyn-c^nne- 
7F je jehealbalS- 
hab^e Upe* 
I' Z« peonba jehpone* 
popS ofepjanpfS. * 
jejitcaS pje-plce* 



fruition alio of oomforta ; 
where ike good in joy 
praise ike Lord!, 
He glorious King of hosts, 
for ever* 

TliusBpake^ 
of counsels mindful, 
ike mildest of men, 
by power strengthened, 
with loud rmoe. 
Still ihe host awuted 
the famed nuM*s will ; 
ihey ihe wonder perceiyed, 
ihe bold one's salutary speech. 
He to ihe multitudes spake : 
' Great is this many, 
ihe army-leader firm, 
of all-perfect beings greatest, 
who this march leadeth ; 
he hath from above MeCanaanites' 
race delivered, '. 
iheir towns and treasuresi, 
iheir ample realm : 
he wiU now perform 
what he long hath promised, 
with oath-swearing, 
ihe Lord of angels, 
in days of old, 
to ihe tribe otyour bthers ; 
if ye observe 
Art holy lore ;*— 
that ye each enemy * 

shall henceforth overcome ; 
victorious shall inhabit. 



• Literally, hncAtB. 



214 



C£DMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



be faem tpeobum- 

beop-f^laf beojina* 

biS eopep blaeb miod- 

aeptep )^am pdpbum- 

pepob paef on faluin- 

jiin^on pje-bjman- 

fejnaf ftdbooi* 

on pejepne fpej- 

folc paej* on lanbe* 

hejrbe pnlbpef beam* !• 

pepub jeliSbeb* 

hahje beapaf • 

on hilb jobef • 

life jepetfn*» 

ya. hie oSlaebeb haejibon* 

peopb Of feonba bdme- 

]wah %e hie hit* jrpecne jeneS* 

bon. 
pejiaf unbep peecejia hpdpif • 
^efapon hie J^aep peallaf fcanban- 
ealle him bjumu bldb^e ^uh* 

ton* tt 

fufh. ]m heo]ia beabo-feapo pse* 

jon. 
hpe^Sbon hilbe fpelle* 



by the two seasy ' * 

the halls* of chieftains ; 

yoor prosperity shall be great.' 
After those words 

the host'was glad ; 

sung the trumps of triumph, 

the banners rose ^ 

at /Ae joyous sound, 

the folk was on land. 
Had the piUar of glory 

led Me host, 

/Ar holy bands, 

through God's fitrour, 

in life rejoidng^ 

when they had saved 

/AetrliresfiromMeenemies'power, 

though they had cruelly oppress- 
ed them, 

the men under the roofs of waters. 
There they saw walls standing, 

seemed to them all the waters 
bloody, 

through which their warlike en- 
ginery had moved : [speech 

they were cheered by the martial 



fiSSan hie pam piS-popon. 



after they to those be/ore 



hdpon hepe-j^peataf • 
hliibe prepie* 
):op ^am baeb-peopce* 
bpihten hepebon* 
pepaf pulbpef fin;- 



ndbed the army-bands 

a loud voice, 

for that great work 

praised the Lord, 

the men a song of glory. 



• Literally* ker.Mb. 

^ This I smpect to be an csnir lor jepconbe. 

' For btr, the sense seems to rrqnire hic 



C£DMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



315 



pij: on oSpuin* 
)X>lc-]7eota maqr* 
fvpb-IeoV 2alan« 
aclum ]Tepium« 
eall-jnuiHpa pela* 
^a yxf eiJ-jynbe- 
af^iifc me<q>Ie* 
on 2^ojx>nef p»8e* 
2olbe 2«peop%ob* 
hanb ahofon. .^ 
half-pipiSunje- 
bh% paepon- 
bote jepipon* 
hebbon hepe-peapef • 
haeft paef onfseleb* 
onjunnon p§-Iaj»** 
j^num bsOan. 
on j^-lape*- 
ealbe mabmaf • 
peaf "J panbaf • 
heo on pibc fce6^. 
jolb "5 job-peb- 
lopepep jeftpeon- 
pepa pulbop-^ejxealb' 
pepi^enb lajon- 



[171] 



10 



(Me ftomen in iwm^ 
greatest of moltitiidesy 
sung a martial song, 
with clear voices, 
of all those many wonders. 

Then was to be found 
ihe African maid, 
on ocean's shore, . 
with gold adorned ; 
ihejf rused the hand 
of suppliGati<m. 

They [thelsraelites] were blithe, 
saw their compensation ; 
heeded the marUal spoil, 
captivity was loosened; 
they hegan^ what the sea had 
in nets to deal, [spared, 

among the sunivors of the flood, 
ancient treasures, 
vestments and shields. 
They justly divided 
the gold and purple^« 
Joseph's treasure, 
the glory of men. 
Cursing lay 



■ Literally, the «ra -/mtm^ ^ Literally, the Jlood4Bmift. . 

^ Upoo this word Lye hms the following : *' Sceo, ia jceo-^olbp fortta qoasi 
ski-gold, pr«ffaK/ijn««ii owntm, a Cimbriee ski, prmttmUim ;*' but by fonning 
a compound of jce6 mud ^olb, the metre is destroyed. May not j ce6 he the he- 
ginning only of jcedbon, diridtd, the termination having hcca omitted by the 
carelessness of the scribe ? The entire passage is extremely ohacoie. 

' Isl. GnVvefr, lex/era dueolor, Jlgurata, pMtttrHm ifjrimrm wdliim9, f^eMa 
fmit TtxiXkmm ; tain ioga$ fynraias «of Ira/et, qui Isa/tore ctonI In re, Ihuerv. 
Bjom Haldorscn, Lex. Isl. The word occnn also in Srmnnd'a Edda: aee 
Ham>is-m41, Str. 17« p- 971« Edit. Stockh. Prof. F. Magnnsea explains it* 
iht purpU of the mertkam No/tbas . The Islanders seem to hate derircd it from 
gu9nr or gnt^, ftalflp.. 



216 



C^DMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



on bea'S-fCebe* 



on their deatk-plaoe* 



J b]uhc-}x>lca maefc*:- 


of people the greatest. 


L. 


L. 


Tjejjaega ic hebpeof • [ 17S ] 


T%e Hebrews, as I have un- 


eabge hfjean* 


lived prosperous [derstood. 


in hiepufalem* 


in Jerusalem, 


jolb-hopb bi£lan- 


gold-treasure distributed. 


cjnin^btfm habban* 


had kingly sway. 


]*pa him j^ynbe paef • 


as to them wasjgenial. 


pSSan Jniph metobef maejen* 


after that, through the Creator's 


on moyfef Mnb* lo 


into Moses' hand [might. 


P«*P* F^ Pf«a- 


martial force was given, 


pi^ena maenieo- 


many warriors. 


3 hie Of ej^ptnm* 


and they from "Egypt 


iic afdpon* 


had marched out, 


msejene micle* 


with great power. 


j^ pef mdb^ cyn* 


That was a haughty rac^ 


]wnben hie yy pSce* 


while they the realm 


pagban mojtxm* 


might rule, * 


bnp^um peolbon* 


swayed over their cities : 


p«f him beophc pela* » 


to them was bright weal. 


jwnben j^ jiolc mib him* 


whUe the folk with him [God] 


hiepa pebep p^pe* 


their fathers' covenant 


■healban polbon* 


would hold. 


paef him h^be jdb* 


Was to them a good shepherd 


heopn-pfcef peapb* 


/AeGuardianof heaven'skingdomj 


hah; bpihcen- 


#Atf holy Lord, 


pulbpej- palbenb* 


the Chief of glory. 


ye %am pepube jeap* 


who to that multitude gave . 


mdb -J mihte* 


courage and might. 


metxib al-pihta* so 


the Lord of all creatures ; 


f hie ofc pela polca- 


so that they oft many nations 


feope jefccobon- 


from life separated. 



« MS. wut, after which is mn eratare.* 



> 



r£D310N*8 PARAPH RA8B. 



217 



^apa ye him Jiolb ne fttf^ 

oS j^ hie plenco anpdb* 

beofol-bitbiim* 
bpuiicne j/etohsof* 
^h hie tf-€p»fcaf • 
iojAjilecon** 
mecubej* nuc jeiipcipe • 
fpa ntf man fc^lie- 

hSf S^ixer lupm* 

pi% 2^>be biQan- 

^a 2Cfe^ ic ]^ jebpihc^* 

m jebpolan hpeoppn* 

ifpahela c^» 

dnjuhc bte* 

pommaf pypcean* 

f paq* peopc jobe* 

ojx he yam leobum* 

Mpe fenbe- 

heopon-pfcef peapb* 

hal^e sajxar^ 

^a ^am pepube- 

pifbom bubou* 

hie ]«pe (h^o- 

f6S 2eI^bon< 

lyrle hpfle* 

oS ]^ hie* lanjun; befpic< 

eopfSan bpeamaf • 

ecef pifibef • 

f hie aec plSejinui- 

fylpe fopleton- 

bpihrnef bdinaf • 



with ikeir army** chicftunsy 
thoae who were not friendly to 

them; 
tin that them piide invaded^ 
at their wine^biblnngty 
with diabolic deediy 
drunken thoughts, 
when they ihebr legal institutes 
abandoned, 

the Lord's supremacy. 
Tlius no man ought 
his spirit's lore 
with God divide. 

Hen saw I that multitude 
into error turn, 
the tribe of Israd 
do unrighteousness, 
perpetrate crimes ; 
that was grief to God : 
oft he to those nations 
sent, for their instruction, 
heaven's kingdom's Guardian, 
holy spirits, 
who to the multitude 
wisdom should preach; 
they in that wisdom 



a littie wlule, 

till that them desire deceived, 

joys of earth, 

of eternal sway; 

to that, at the hst, they 

themselves forsook 

the Lord's decrees. 



■ MS. and Juoias, 4ne jpoplcroa. 
^ MS. and Jsiiias, lae. 



^ MS. and Junius, >ese bjiihr. 



218 



CiEDMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



Gujion heojlef cjixfc* 

ytL feapS p^'Se mdb- 

pScef iSeoben* 

finholb ]^eobeii** 

yam ]w aehte jeaf* 

pif be^ him »c jrjiym^ 

^ iSe on fpuman** 

«ji %on paepon man-cynnef 

metobe bypuft* 

bu^oSa bypuft* 

bpihtne leofOft* 

hepe-paf to ]«pe* 

bein bypi;* 

eoplum eliSeobi2Qm* 

on elSel-lanb* 

fseji falem jrdb* 

feappum apeftnob* 

peallum 2€peop'Sob* 

to ^f pitjan fdpon* 

calbeacyn* 

to ceajtpe popiS* 

^p ijpaela* 

shta pi)6pon* 

beppjene mib peopcum* 

to pam f pepob jepdp* 

maejen-^peat. mi£pe* 

m^n-bealpep ^^^'pn* 

apehte ]K>ne pel-niS- 

pepa albop-fpea* 

babil6nep bpe^o* 

on hip buph-ptebe- 



[17*1 



10 



chose the devil's craft- 
Then became the fierce of mind, 

the prince of the realm, 

feithless to hU Lord^ 

to him who had given him wealthy 

taught him at first - 

those that in the beginning, 

ere which they were of mankind 

dearest to the Creator, 

of people dearest, 

most beloved of the Lord, 

a9i army-path to the 

high city, 

to the foreign men, 

into the comitiy 

where Salem stood, 

with engines strengthened, 

with walls adorned. 

To this came soothsayen. 

Me Chaldean race, 

forth to the city, 

where the Israelites' 

possessions were, 

covered mth works ; 

to which the host proceeded, 

a great and powerful band, 

zealous for sinful eviL 
Then fatal hate excited 

the chief lord of men, 

the prince of Babylon, 

in his.metropolis. 



* For >co^en we should probably read ycoMie. 

^ MS. and Janias« yijtre. 

' Of this mud the six following lines 1 hsve given what I beliere to be n litenl 
translation ; that it is not more intelligible must be sKribed, partly at least, to 
the defective state of the Saxon text. 

^ MS. hejiepo9 ; Junius, he jiepoV. 



C£DMON*S PARAPHRASB. 



219 



nabocfaobonontip*. 

Jnijili mS-heoe* . 

f be ifcan on^^* 

j-epan jcbvjbnm* 

h£ he ifpaelmn* 

eaSojr meahce* 

)?uph gumijia janj- 

juman oS^junpui- 

2epunDobe ytL* 

pxSan 3 nojiiSan* 

pael-hpeop pepob* 

"J pejr pajian** 

hejuje haeiSen-c^iiiiisa* 

to )?aepe he^ii b^pij* 

ifpaela- 

cSd-peapbap*- • 

lupn* lif-pelan* 

J^enben hie ler mecob* 

]ya eac eSan jej^paejii* 

ealb-jreonba cyn* 

pln-buph pepa* 

)^a pljan ne yilyjboa* 

bepeifobon ya, peceba pulbop. 

pe£ban jolbe* 

pnce ^ peolfpe- 

j-alomonep tempi* 

jefqiiiban jeftpeona* 

luibep jTin-hliSam- 

fpilc eall fpa fa, eoplaf • 

^pui fceolboD* 3 

oS f hie bupja ^chpone* 

abpocen happbon* 

J^apa )« )»aoi polce- 



M < ».'<| I , ^ A ^ 



10 



«l 



Ne . , 

through hostik grudge; 
so that he b^an seek, * 
in his mind's thoughts, 
how he firom the Israelites 
might most easSiyp [bamJs^ 

through the march of his fierce 
ihe men force away* 
He then assembled, . 
firom south and north, 
a blood-thirsty host^ - 
and bade march west, 
a band of heathen longs 
to the metropolis 
of ihe Israelites, - * 
the countiy^s guardians, 
their dear li/e*s treasures, 
while them the Creator permitted. 
Then also, I hare learned, over- 
the tribe of ancient foes [ran 

the people's beloved city* 
T%e warriors believed not. 
Tlien spofled they the glory of 
of its red gold, \hsk 

riches and nlrer, . 
the temple of Solomon, 
plundered the treasures, 
under their stony coverings, 
all whatever those men 
might possess ; 
till that they cadi city 
had subdued, 
which with that people 



■ After jai»aji« ber» or a word of like import* leeiBs to hare beea omitted, 
^ This line leems in apposition to the preceding, hejuje lueVcn-cyaiBsa. 
' Ab error probably for kopuu 



220 



CiBDM0N*8 PARAPHRASB. 



to fpiSe fcdbon* 
2dil6bon him to hvXe* 
hopb-peajiba jeftpeon* 

fpik ^p pinben p«f • 
.'J y^ mib ]m]ii aeihtum- 
eptfiSebon* 
;j jelaebbon eac* 
on laojne piS* - 
ijpaela cyn* 

on ea]r-pe2ar* 
cobabilonia* 

beopna ^pSm- 

unbeji hanb haeleS* 

httSennm b^man* 

nabocfaobonoffaji* 

hun on nyb bybe* 

ifjiaela beapn* 

dcop ealle lufen* 

paepna lajx** 

CO peopc-feopum* 

onpenbe yi* 

flnpa l^ejna* , 

popn ^r P^uber* 

peft^ CO pepan* 

f him ]»apa leobe* 

lanb jeheolbe* 

efne eSd* 

ejitep ebp^om* 

hetyaptoui* 

fine jepepm* 

^eonb ifpaela* 

eapme lape* 

hpilc ^pe 2MSo8e- 



stood in peace. [spoil 

l^ey loaded on themsdves for 

the riches of the treasure wards, 

money and captiTes, 

such as there was found ; 

and then with those possessions 

marched back, 

and also led 

on a long journey 
10 the tribe of Israel, 

on the east ways, 

to Babylon, 
[ 175 ] men unnumbered, 

the people under subjection 

to a heathen ruler, . 

Nebuchadnezzar. 

By force he made to him 

the diildren of Israel, 

without all love^ 
90 the weapons' leaving, 

for work-slares. 

He sent then 

of his ministers 

band of the host 

to go westward, « 

that for him of that people 

they the land might hold 

a subject country 
[ 1 76 ] after the Hebrews. 
' so Bade then seek 



-7^' 



T/ 



through Israel's 
poor remnant, 
which of the youth 



* The •urriTon : wc p. 121, 1. 32. ^ MS. and Juaiot, j^j. 



Ci£DMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



221 



bdca bebcfbef • 

)w l^aeji bpunjen jwr** 

polbe f )^a cnihtaf • 

qiaejt; leojuiebon* 

f bun fnytpo on r^pm* 

pec^an mihte* 

nalef %y )^ he )^ moixe< 

oSSe 2^munan polbe* 

f he l^apa pfena* 

jobe ]»ancobe« 

)w him )»sp CO bu^uiSe- 

bpihten fC)7iebe* 

)?a hie yaep, pinbon* 

ro ppea^ jleape* 

aeiSele cmhtaf • 

■J nSjaefte* 

in job j«be- 
^n paef ananiaj- • 
o%ep azapiaf • 
Jyjubba mipiel* 
nietobe jecopene* 
)^a I'py comon* 
to ]»eobne fopan* 
heapbe j hije-l^nck* 
J^sp fe haeiSena pfe* 
cj-ninj cop'Bpef jeopn- 
in calbea bypi;- 
ya hie ]^am plancan* 
pifb^m pceolbon* 
pepap ebpea* ' 
piSpbum c^'Sbon** 



were most akilful 
in the precepts of books, 
whicrh was thither bioogfat. 
He would that those childreii 
should learn sdence, 

that to him wisdom in fAeIr minds 
might speak ; 
not because he that might 
or would remember, 
10 or that for those gifts 
God would thank, - 

which on him there for dignity - 

the Lord had bestowed. 
Then they there foond, 

for their Lord, skilfnl 

noble youths 

and pious, 

young and good, 

of good race: 
SB one was Hanamab, 

the second Azaiiah, 

/A4P third Mishaei, 

by the Lord chosen/ 
These three came 

before the prince, 

bold and thoughtful-minded, 

where the heathen sate, 

the king studious of pomp, 

in the Chaldeans* dty. 
ao Then they to the proud /irmce 

roust wisdom 

{the Hebrew men,) 

by words reveal, * 



• Thb line refen to the words espiBe laje, |i. SSO^ L S3. 
^ Apparently an error for f jiesn. 
^ Apparently an error for cySaa. 



222 



CiEDMON'S PARAPHRASE. 



hije-cpffft heane- 
ynjih hali; mdb* 
J^a fe beojin bebeab* 
babilone peapb* 
fjn^Smdb churns- 
f inum Jyejnum* 
f ]>a Fjium^jajiaf • 
bejreope bebe** 
f ]min jenpim )^pym* 
3<b^ ne p»pe* 
pffte ne pi£be* 
in populb-lipe:* 

LI. 

))a p«f bpeme* 
babilone peapb- 
maSpe 3 m<Sbi2« 
ojrep inibban-jeapb* 
ejejpil ylba beapnum- 
no be 16 jrpemebe* 

ic in OFepby2^- 
aejbpsef Upbe* 

]?am folC"rf:Q2an« 
on fpum-fli^pe* 
pSSan to pefte ^dipeapf 
pice |>eoben* 
com on fepm bpupptn- 
fpepnef poma* 
bn popnlb ps6pe- 
punbpum 2ete<Sb« 
^i^elic ylbam« 
oS ebfceajxe- 



high mental power^ 
through holy mind. 

Then the chief commanded, 
ihe lord of Babylon ; 
the rigorous king, 
to his senrantSj 
{what theprinca 
before did^) 

that to the three youths 
10 should be no sparing 
of food or weeds, 
in worldly life. 

LI. 

[ 177 ] . Then was renowned 

the guardian of Babylon, 
great and proud 
over mid-earth, 
terrible to the children of men. 
He no law promoted, 
but in contempt 
SD of every one he lived. 

Then to the people's chief, 
in hie first sleep, 
after he had gone' to rest, 
the powerful prince, 
came passing into his mind 
the terror of a dream : 
how the world was 
wonderously framed, 
unlike to men^ 
30 until regeneration^ 



■ The interpretatkm of tlii« line is conjecturaL Tlie entire passage Is very 
obscore* and, I bdiere. Tery conopL 

^ I bave rendered the word ^b by tparitiff, eonjecturing that it may be an 
error for t'^^» ^ p^^» ^m which the adjective {net^en, tporimg. Ice. is pro- 
derived. 



C.€DMON*S PARAPH RASB. 



fesLjA him-on fb^p^- 

f65 jecyi5cb» 

f ce jiiccf jchp«r- 

fieSe fceolbe j^Iunpan- 

eop'San bpeamaf • 

enbe pup^San* 

]?a onp6c jmlf-heopc* [ 178 3 

fe aep ptn-^al fpaep. 

babilone peapb* 

nsef him bkSe hije- lo 

dc him )t>ph afcah* 

jjepicf p^ma* 

no he ^emunbe*^ 

f him mecob pKf • . 

hec ]^a cofomne- 

j-inpa leoba- 

Jm piccunjbdm- 

pibojx baepon- 

j^iaepi ]ya 9a meni^eo* 

hpaec hine ^emaetce- » 

|>enben peopb-bepenb- 

pep^e punobe* 

peap'S he on ]7am ejepui. 

acol popben* 

J^a he ne pifpe* 

p6pb ne ^pn* 

fpepicp pnep • 

hec him pecjan J^eah* 

]>a him unbkSe- 

anbppapebon* so 

beofol-picjan* 

na?r him bdm jeapu. 

CO apecjaime- 



To him it was in sleep 
soothly manifested, 
that every kingdom 
evil shcHld betide 
joys of earth 
be at end. 

Then awoke the wolf-heaited^ 
who erst wine*dranken slept, 
the lord of Babylon ; 
he was not blithe in mind, 
bnt 8orxx>w rose to him, 
the terror of Air dream. 
He remembered not 
what he had dreamed : 
bade then together 
of his people, 
those who the magic art 
furthest carried. 

Then inquired the many 
what he had dreamed, 
while the king* 
at rest continued ? ^ 
He had, through that horror, 
become chilled. 
Then he knew not 
a word nor the bq;innin|; 
of his dream ; 
yet bade he them to say tif • 

Then him unblithely 
answered 

the infernal soothsayers : 
(they had not power ready 
to declare 



* Literally^ the wwr^Ueariny. Lye tnaalatct this epithet, R^ffdimm mgk 
(pM). The pusage nay also admit of the following interpieCatioa: wkOe^ 
Kt/A/ootf $attd, heomhia c<mdk ewUimmJL 



224 



CiED3I0N*S PARAPHRASE. 



It 



fpepen cynu2e* 

hu ma^on pe fpa b^le- 

bpihten ahic^an* 

on j^pin yinne* 

hu ie fpepiebe- 

oSSe pypba jejxeajt:* 

pifbdm btibe* 

pp yvL hif nlpepc ne meahr* 

6ji apeccan- 

bim tinbliSe- [ 1 7^ ] 

anbfpapobe* 
pulp-heopc c^nj* 
pitjum finum* 
naepon "g^ ppa eacne* 
opep ealle men-^ 
indb-3e]?ancer* 
fpa je me pasjbon* 

f je cu^n* 

mine albop lege* 

ppa me septep peapiS* 

cSSe ic pup^p* 

pmban pceolbe* 

ne je nUtemje* 

mine ne cunnon* 

]?a 'pe me pop pepobe* 

plpbom bepeiS* 

je fpeltaS bea%« 

nym]>e Sc b6m pte* 

fo%an ppcpnep- 

jwp mln pepa mynbjaS* 

ne meahte ]>a peo maeni^eo 

on pBm meiSel-pcebe* 

)nipli pitijbdm* 

pihee a]^noean- 

ne ahiC2Ui- 



ihe dream to /Ae king >) 

' How may we 8o deeply, 

O lord, search 

into thy mind, 

how thou hast dreamed, 

or ike fiites' decrees 

wisdom declared, 

if thou canst not first its . 

beginning tell ?* 

Then to them unblithely 
answered 

the wolf-hearted king, 
to his soothsayers :«— 
* Ye were not so gifted 
over aU men 
in mental thought, 
as ye said to me, 
and that declared, 
that ye knew 
my life's destiny, 
what should hereafter me betide, 
or I further 
should find. 
Ye my dream 
know not, 

who to me, before the people, 
make show of wisdom. 
Ye by death shall perish, 
unless I know the interpretation 
of my true dream, 
of which my thought reminds me/ 

Then could not the many 
in the council-place^ 
through knowledge, 
aught discover, 
nor devise* . 



C^DMOyS PARAPHRASE. 



)»a hic fophaqxb jepeaplS. 
^ ee hie faebon* ' 
fpepi cynmje* 

o9 ^ jnJCffL cponi* 

haniel co Mine* 

p paef bpihcne jecopen* 

pnocop 3 f6Sfaep:« 

in ]^ jelb jaiijin* 

fe pcf * opb-fpnma* lo 

eapmpe Upe* 

l^pe )w ^am baefSenan* 

hypan foeolbe* 

him job pealbe* 

ppe op heopnnm* 

]raph hIeoSop-cpybe> ' 

halijep sapxp* 

f him enjel 2<^r* 

eall ipae^be* 

fpa hip man-bpihcen- ao 

jemaeceb peap^- 

Sa eobe bamd- [ 1 ^0 ] 

]^ baej lyhce* 

fpepen peccan- 

jinum }^ean* 

pesbe him pffhcet 

pcpeba* jepceajzte* 

)^ ce fona on^eac* 

fpiSmdb cyrnn;- 

6pb 'J enbe- so 

]wep ^ him ypeb -pwp* 

%a haej^ bamd- 

b6m micehie* 

blaeb m babilonia* 



Then was it denied Mem 
that they shoald say 
the dream to ihe tdng, 
the mysteries of the EsiteSy • 
till that the prophet came, 
Daniel, to judgment, 
who by the Lord was chosen^ 
skilful and upright, 
into the palape, 
who was the chief 
of the poor remnant, 
which to that heathen 
must obey. 

On him God had bestowed 
gifts from heaven, . 
through revelation 
of the holy spirit ; . 
so that to him Grod's angel 
declared all 
that his lord 
had dreamed, . 

Then went Daniel, 
when day dawned, 
to relate the dream 
to his lord, 
told him wisely . 
the fates' decrees j . . . 
so that soon understood 
the fierce-minded king 
the beginning and end 
of what to him had been revealed. 

Then had Daniel 
great power, 
glory in Babylon, 



MS. and Janiut, >Kf • 

a 



^ Apparently an error Ibr i7jit«. 



226 



CMDMOWa PARAPHRASE. 



mib btfcepum* 

fiSiSan he jep^be* 

fpejren c^nin^e* 

f he nip pop fyjienuin* 

onp 6n ne meahte* 

babilonie peajib* 

in hif Iqieoft-Iocan* 

no hpaeSejie f baniel* 

jebdn mihte* 

f he polbe metobef • 

mihte jelypan* 

ic he pypcan o/agm* 

poh on jrelba* 

]ram ^ bed|im6be« 

bfpan h^ton* . 

fe paef on ^jie "Seobe* 

iSej^ahatte* ' 

bpepie babilonije* 

]wpe bup2^peapb*« 

£nne man-llcan« 

opeji metobef eft- • 

2ylb Of jolbe. 

pimum apjgpbe. 

fop]^am ^ jleap ne pnf « 

jam-pfcef peapb^ 

peBe^ ]U§bIeaf* '. 

juht* ;.••. '. 



with the magiy 

after he had said 

the dream to the king, 

which he before^ for his sins, 

could not contain^ ' ' 

the ruler of Babylonj 

in the recesses of his breast. 

Yet Daniel that 

could not accomplish 

10 that he would in the Lord's 
might believe ; 
but he began to work 
iniquity^ in the field 
which men renowned 
can Dura, 

which was in the province i 
that is thus called^ 
'' the powerful Babylonian ;" 
of which the city-guardian 

» animage^ • 

against the Lord's pleasure, 
an idol of gold, . 
raised to the people; 
for that was not wise 
the guardian of the reahn, 
but fierce and headstrong. 



]^ peapV haele-Sa hlyjt:* [181] 

]^ hleo^p cp6m* 

b^man ftepne* 

Of ep buph-pape* so 



Then was a listening of f A^people, 
when the sound came 
of the trumpet's voice 
over the inhabitants. 



* Apparently sn eiror for bajib-yesjibir. 
k HcrealcsfhssbceDCiitoiitoftbcMS. 



CJBDMOyS PARAPHRASE. 



1 



)ra hie pop ^am ciimble« 

on cneopum peoon* 

onhnqon co ^mm hepij^* 

lueVne ^eobe- 

pupSebon pih*2ylb* 

ne pifton ppvirpiui p^* 

epobon AnpihtMin* 

fpft h}'pa albop b)'be* 

mioe jjtmengiA* 

miSbe jeppecnob* m 

jrpembe folc-nue^^'^* 

fpft h^pa fpea ifipefC* 

6np«b epnbe* « 

htm ymy^ "F^P beq^tfm* 

ypel enbe^lean* 

Anpiht b^be* 

ymji yjif pepon. 

on ymf ^obnef b5*pi2* 

eoplaf ifpaela* 

f hie* i nolbon* » 

hypa t^eobnef bdm* 

)yip2'^ onjuinan* 

f hie to ]^am beacne* 

jebebu piipbe^- 

iSeah te &ep on hepije'* 

byman pinjon* 

%a paepon ariSelum* 

abpahamef beupn* [ i 82 ] 

psepon pilpfKfoe* 

pi]Ton bpihcen* m 

£cne uppe* 



Tlien they before the image' 



bowed to the idol . 

the heathen people 

worshipped the false god : 

they Icnew no. better Gounsel, 

/Aey executed nnrigfateousness, 

as thdr diief did : 

with sin defiled, 

in mind corrupted, 

the pei^le acted 

as their lord Aoif.erst ; 

executed evil counsel : 

on him for thb came aflenrarda 

an evil end-rewaid ; 

he did unrighteousness. ' 

'Riere were three, 
in that prince's dtyi * 
men of Israel, 
who would never 
their lord*s decree 
seelL to obey, 
that they to the image 
should raise prayers, 
though there in the city 
the trumpets sung. 
Tbese were in nature 
diildren of Abraham, 
they were faithful, 
knew the Lord ^ - 
eternal above, . 



■ f hie sfemi to be sn error for >s Va. .. . 
^^Ought grammaticslly to be jiKjibOB. 

« bejuje seemi to be an error for bjjit^ b^ Uie sabstitvtton of which both the 
sense and the alliteration are restored. 

q2 



228 



CJEDMON'8 PARAPHRASE. 



10 



selniibtipie** 

cnihtaf c^e 2^^* 

cvX jebf bon* 

f hie him f jolb^* 

to 3ob« nolbon* 

habban ne healban* 

ic )K)ne hean cyninj* 

^afta hypbe* 

ISe him ppe fealbe* 

op; hie to bote* 

balbe ^ecpiSbon* 

f hie ]wef pijef . 

pihte ne )u>hcon* 

ne hie to yarn, jebebe* 

mihte jebaSbon** 

haeiSen-heiujef pffa* 

f hie l^ibep hpeoppm polben* 

juman to ]^am jylbnan jylbe 

]^ he hmi to ^obe jetedbe* 



]>epiaf ]>eobne faejbon* 

f hie ]^|ie je^eahte psSpon* 

h^jxap heijian m J^iffe hean 

bypij- 
j^^ij-hepjannepiDaS*. 
ne l^ypie pf2 pujiSijean* 
]^ %u I?e to panbpnm teobeft* 



%a hmi boljen-mdb^ 
babilone peapb* 
57ipe anbjyapobe* 



[183] 



almighty. 

The gentle youths 
made known^ 
that they the idol 
for a god would not 
have nor hold, 
but the high King alone, 
the Guardian of spirits^ 
who had given them gifts* 
Oft they to boot 
boldly said, 
that of this idol they 
recked not aujght, • 
nor them to that, by prayer, 
could persuade 

lAe heathen idol's lord. L ... 

that they would thither turn, > 
the men to the golden image, 
which he to himself for a god had 

formed. 

« 

7^e ministers to their lord said, 

' that they were of the resolution, 

the proud captives in this metro- 
polis, 

that this image they will not, 

nor this idol, worship, 

which thou to thyself hast won- 
derously formed.* 
Then to them, wroth of mood, 

the lord of Babylon 

angrily answered. 



* MS. and Janiiit, xlmihrBe. 

« 

^ ^ol^• both here and «t p. 229, L IS« it cridentlf an error for z)lb, 
' Apparently an cnor for ^cbiebaau ^ 

< MS.and JiiniQii,>a)*ijh^annc7iIlatf. The correction of h^an to hcjisaa 
I owe to tiic SnppL of Lja. 



PARAPHIUSK. 



229r 



eoplum onmaelbe* 
jjumme Jnuoa pnpim* 
J ;^eocpe onqwB5« 
f hie zejpxoKpL^ 
jylban jceolbe* 

}^ear-meb micel* 
jzpecne JTpcf pylm* 
nym^ hie ppiSef polbe** 
pilnian to ]yam pj'ppejraa* 
pejuif ebpea* * 
juman to ]yam jolbe* 
]?e he him to jobe ceobe* 
Dolbon l^eah ]« hyjjaf • 
hypan Upum* 
in hije hae'Snum- 
ho^ebon jcopne* 

f A sober* 

ealle jebefte^* 

J ne apacobon* 

pepeba bjuhtne* 

ne ]ian maejen-hpyjipe* 

in hae^nbiSm* 

ne hie to pacne* 

fpeoiSo pihieban* 

}?eah ]ye hun pe bitepa beaiS« 

^ebdben pi6pe:*^ 



itti tin •!» ^ f 



10 



to the men 

sternly to the yonthi, 

and harshly spak^ 

that they forthwitli 

must worship,. 

or suffer 

great penal torment, 

the fire's dire heat, 

unless they favour would 

desire at that most evil OJt^ 

the Hebrew men, 

those persons, at the idol, 

which he had made 1dm for a god. 

Yet the youths would not 

obey those mandates, 

the heathen^ in thar mind, 

but studied zealously 

that the law d God 

they all might fulfil, 

and would not swerve 

firom Me Lord of hosts, 

nor from thai high course 

into heathenship, 

nor deceitfully 

would they desire liberty, 

though that to them bitter death 

were announced. 



LIL 

pa peap'S yppe* 

inmdb cynmj* 

het he dpn* 

onhiStan* 

to cpale cnihta peopum 



UI. 

[184] Then was wroth - 
the stulbom lung; 
he bade the oven 
beheated, Pi^s 

» for the destruction of the youths' 



* Should gnunmaticallf hn joInmu ^ GmnmaticaUy should be sdKjtwa. 



230 



CiBDMON*S PARAPHRASE; 



fOjiSam ^ lue luf qisftap on- because Uiej had despised his 

ftfcon* power. . 

]^a* he fdBf jelsbeb* Then he vas led. 



\b^ 



10 



[niebe< 



fpa he jjummojr mihce^* 
• • • 

fjiecne p^cf lije- . 
]m he I'ybeji folc punnobe 
3 jebinban her*, 
babdone peapb- . . . 
giim J jeflhmdb- 
2obef fpel-boban> 
hJec y^L hif fcealcaf • 
fcupin }fh hyfpf • 
in b^ll-bl^fe* 

beopnaf s^^'^S®* 

jeapo p«f ]*e him 2^^^ S^FP^ 

]>eah )w hie fpa jpdme n}*bbe« 

in pefm pypef Kje*. 

hpasSepe heopa peoph jenepebe* 

mihci; mecobef peapb«' 

fpa f msmje jej^unon*. 

hsdije' him ]iaep help jeteobe*. 

fenbe him op hein pobope* n 

job jumena peapb* 

jape )H)ne haljan* 

eu^el m ]H>ne 6pn innanbecp6m< 

J^app hie f ij}ac bpujon* [185] 

ppeo-beapn pae^mum bej^ahte* 

iiiibep ]^am pypenan hptfpe* 



so he most cruel might, 

with the fire's dire flame. 

Then he thither the folk assem- 
and bade bind [bledj 

(the lord of Babylon, 
grim and gloomy,) . 
God's messengers | 
bade then his servants 
shove the youths 
into the pile-blaze, . 
the young nobles. [safety. 

Ready was he trAowrought them 
though f A€ Artit^ themsocruelly had 
into the fire's embrace ; [forced 
yet their lives preserved 
the mighty guardian of the Lord, 
as that many haveheard tell, [help. 
The Holy there appointed them 
sent to them from the high firma^ 
God, the guardian of men, [ment, 
the holy spirit: 

the angel came within the oven, 
where they that torment suffered ; 
the noble diildren in his embrace 

Recovered, 
under the fiery roof: 



* MS. ja, which Joniiis has rightly corrected to ]«. 

^ Both before and after this line, some lines are evidently wanting In the MS. 

' There seems to he something faulty in this line ; perhaps we should read 
j/ji-lise/ instead of f/jiey 1i|;e. 
.^ For haLje we should read hali^a^ if my tnuislation be correct. •_ 



CiEDHON^S PARAPHRASE. 



231 



ne mihte ]>eah heojia pUee 2^ yet might not thdr beauty oorrupt 

* ♦ .♦ [pemman*- 

pylm ymf paefjian Bsep* . 

)?a hie fe palbenb nepebe* [1B6] 



hpeohmdb paep r? hae^na ]reo- 

ben* 
hec hie hpa^ baepnan* 
aeleb paep uHjepceab^ micel* 
]>a paep pe tfpen onlufeeb* 
{pen eall ISuph-jlebeb* 
hine iSsep epnap maemje* 
puppon pubu on mnan* 10 

.ppahim paep on p6pbum jeb^meb* 
baepon bpanbap on bpyne* 
bMcan pfpep* 
polbe pulp-heopt cynin;* 
pall onjcealle'* 
ipepne ymb ^pepce* 
oS ]^ up jepic- 
I13 opep leopum* 
3 ]?uph lupt ^eploh* 
nndemipe. » 

]H>nne jemec psSpe* 
%a pe If; jepinb* 
on WSe men* 
haeSne op halpun- 
hJTjap paepon* 
UiSemobe* 



tke heat of the aunounduig flamc^ 
when them the Supreme pre-r 

served. 
TA« heathen prince was savage- 

minJedj 
bade them be burned forthwith | 
the fire was hugely great. 
Then was the oven heatei^ 
the iron all glowing ihrou|^ ; 
many servants there 
cast wood therdn, [decreed^ 
as to them by words had been 
they bare brands into the burning 
of Me pale flame. 
The wolf-heart king would 
a wan erect . 

of iron^ round the pious youths^ 
tin that rose 

/Ae flame over Me beloved oiteff, . 
and spontaneously raged 
mudi more 
than were meet. 

Then the flwie roUed 
on to Mose hostUe meiiy 
to Me heathen firom Me holy. 
7%e youths were 
blithe of mood ; 



•Although the sense be nnintemipted, yel, from the defect in the allitenitknv 
a line seems wanting in this place. 

* nnsejceab is here used adverbiaUy, and seems synonymoos with the^lcna. 
nngehenr. 

. r Though sometimes, from a pecoliartty of dialect (as in flie St Cnthbert'a MS. 
Cott Nero D. iv.). the infinitiTes end in a Towd, without a final n, yet oajrcalle 
in this place u» without doubt, an error lor oajrcallas. 



232 



C^DMON^S PARAPHRASE. 



bupoon fcealcaf • 

ymb ofn 4tan* 

Hit jehpeapp* 

teoDpinum ou tepo* 

%ae]i co-jej^eah* [ 187 ] 

babilone bpe^o* 

bli&* pi£poD- 

eoplaf ebpea* 

opeftam hepebon* 

bpibten on bjieame- lo 

bybon fpa hie cuiSoDt 

opie on innan* 

ilbpe ^enepebe* 

joman jlaeb-mdbe* 

job pupiJebcm*^ 

nnbep ^f jaeiSme ^« 

Seflj^meb peap%* - 

jrpecne fypep baeto- 

f]ieo-beapn pupbon- 

ala£ten ISjef janje* • » 

ne bie him ]>8ep UiS jebybon- 

naej- hun ye jyej* to ropje- 

iSon ma ]>e f annan jxlma- 

ne fe bpyne beot msecpim* 

yen m ]mm beote paepon* 

5c f pyp f cybe* to iSam* 

I?e ISa'jtrylbe pophton* 

hpeoppon ]7a haeiSenan hsjitaf • 

ppam ]^in haljancnihton* 

pepijpa pbte mmjx)be« a6 

ba ^ iSy popce jepgjon* 



./Ae servants were burned 

round about the oven : 

the fire turned 

on the right of /&« malignant, 

where looked on 

7Ae lord of Babylon. 

Blithe were 
the Hebrew men, 
they forthmth praised 
the Lord in joy ; 
did aa they could 
witlun the oven, 
those whose lives tcere saved. 
77ie men glad of mood 
God worshipped, 
under whose shelter 
was driven away 
the fire's dire heat. 
77ie free children were 
from the flame's course delivered. 
They did them there no harm, 
nor was the heat to them a trouble, 
more than the sun's brightness ; 
nordidthebuminghurtMeyouths, 
while they were in that peril; 
but on those the fire darted, 
who that sin had wrought. 

The heathen slaves turned 
from the holy youths, [sened, 
the beauty of the wicked was les- 
who had in the work rejoiced. . 



• * MS. and Janias^ bibtfe, which Lye interprets^ txen^um, ura. tfatwa^ imago. 

^ The word jpes, in the sense of heat, does not occur in Lye ; bat ss it seems of 
cognate orisia with tfie Danish svie, fe hmra, 9corch, &Cv I have not scmplcd so 
to translate it* 

« MS. and Junius, at f jyjt f }- ji|c/>»ci. • . 



CiEDHON^S PARAPHRASE. 



233 



2efeahiSafpi9indbcynui2* [iBS] 
{Sa he hif fepm ontpeopbe* 
pnnbop on pice apuijen^ 



him f ppaedic Jnihte* 
hy]jaf hale hpupfon* 
in yBOk h£can opie*^ 
ealle s^pepce Spf • 
him eac Jnep pep* 
in on jepyh^- 
enjel selmihti^ep* 
him )wp opihc ne bepebe* 
Ac paep Jnep-iiuie* 
eallep selicopt- 



epne yonne« 

on fumepa* 

punne pctne)S« . 

^ beap-bpiap*- 

on bae^e peopSeS* 

pmbe jeonbrapen* 

f paep pulbpep job. 

]?e hie jenepebe* 

piiS yam nilS-hece* 
I 'Sa azapiap^ 
] m ^cj'ancum* 
, hleoSpabe hahj- 

]niph hdtne lij. 

bsfeba* jeopn* 

bpihten hepebe* 

pep pomma leap* 

'J ysL p6pb acpaefS* 

metob alpihta« 

hpaec ]m eapc mihtum pin's < 



10 



Saw then the fierce Idng^ 
when to his sense he tmsted, 
a wonder in the punishment 

place; 
that to him seemed manrellona >- 
ihe youths walking hale 
in the hot oven, - : 
all the pious threes 
with them was also there, . 
one in sight, • . 
an angel of ihe Almighty. 
Them there aught harmed not, 
but it was dierein,' 
wholly most like 
as when 
in summer 

ihe sun shineth, 
and ihe dew-drops 
are in day 

by ihe wind scattered. 
That was ihe God of glory 

who them preserved 

against Aat fell hate. - • 
ThenAzariah, 

in his thoughts, 

holy sang^- 

through ihe hot flame, 

in deeds zealous; 

praised ihe Lord 

ihe spotless man, 

and ihese words then uttered >- 

^ Lord of aQ bdngs ! 

verily thou art strong in mig^ 



vVO 



* Lye renders besj -t^jiisr* rot Mffri ; but, bdiensigbcaf-bjitpaj to be tbc Irae 
reading, I hare rendered it ifeip-dirqBt. 
^ Cod. Exon. ^peas ^K^um ^topa. 



234 



CiEDMON'S PARAPHRASE. 



ni'Saf to ne)i2eii]ie« 
If ^in nama nuipe* 
phtQ -J palbop)a?|i:* 
ojrep pep-'Seobe* 
penbon )/ine btfmar* 
in baja* ^ehpam* 
ftfSc "J ^qpriSbe* 

fpa ]ni eac jylpi eajit^- 
jynbon ]^tne jnllan* 
on populb-fpebum* 
pil^te J 2^^™^* 
pobopa palbenb* 

jeoca ufep 2^^P^® '^^* 
jajta joppenb* 
^jj^uph [hylbo]<heIp. 
hali; bpihten* 
nu pe )^ec pop )^peaum' 
3 pop %pea-n5*bam*« 
^ pop ea^mebum- 
apna bibbaS*- 
lije bdejbe* . 
pe &ep lif^ejube* 
pophcon on populbe* 
eac "Son p6m bybe'; 
"upep ylbpaa* 
pop opephy^bmn* 
bpaeoon bebobo* 



10 



mortals to save; 

thy name is great, 

beauteous and glorious^ 

throughout mankind ; 

thy decrees are 

on each day . 

true and potent, 

and triumphant, 

as thou also thyself art. 

Thy fiats are^ 

in worldly events, 

right and great. 

Ruler of the skies ! 

Preserre us now with care. 

Creator of spirits ! 

and through thy grace help la, 

holy Lord I 

Now we thee for our afflictions, 

and for our penal suiferings, 

and for our resignation, 

desire thy blessings, 

with flame surrounded: 

we for this living 

wrought in the world 3 

then also did evil 

our forefathers, 

through pride 

brake the commandments. 



* Cod. Exoa. b«!ba. 

b This line b not in the Exeter MS., and, being without a correspondent aUi- 
tention, woold appear to be an interpolatioiL 

< The word hjlbo, which is necessary both to the sense and metre, I hate 
sQpplied ^rom tlM Exeter MS. 

' Cod. Exon. ^eajipun. 
' . * MS. and Joaios, tfeo nj bum ; which being devoid of sense, I have admitted 
into the text the reading of the Exeter MS. See p.'229, L 7. 
• ' Cod. Exon. more correctly, by boa. 



PARAPHRASE* 



buph-pttenbe*. . * 

bab ojrepliojebon- 

Hainan Kfef • 

penboQ pe coppecene- [ 1 89 ] 

jeonb pbne giAnb* 

heapum tohpoppene- 

hylbe leape* 

If ufeji Vf jeonb* 

lanbmfda* 

FPaco* -J jeppcse. m 

folca manepmi* 

]ya uf ec beppccon^* 

CO ]raef pypjiejran* 

eop^S-cyninja* 

aehca-jepealbe*' ; 

on hasp: heopn jpimpa* 

^ pe nu hae^Senpa- 

]^eop-neb |ioIiaS- 

)?aef ^e }^anc pe« 

pepeba pulbop-oninj- » 

f )>u up Jiap ppace ceobcjx* 

ne poplet jni upic £iia« [ 190] 

ece bpiht?en> 

pop {Sam milqimi- 

iSe &c men hlijaS'- 

"} pop "Sam qieopnm- 

]^e ]m tipum paepc«. 

m& nepjenb* 

^enumen luepbepc- 

CO abpahame* ao 



/Ae dwellers in dUes, • " 

despised ike stale 

of boly lifie. 

We are exiled . 

through the vide earth, 

in heq[i8 dispersed, 

fiivourless ; 

is our life, through 

many lands, 

▼Oe and inbmous,. 

to many nations, • 

who also have sent us fiorth 

into the worst 

of earthly 1dngs^ ? 

power and possession, 

even into the bonds of the crud p 

and we now the heathens* 

thraldom suffer. 

For this be thanks to thee, 

Glory -king of hosts ! [exile ; 

that thou bast decreed us 

forsake thou us not, 

eternal Lord! 

for those merdea - 

which incline thee to man^ 

and for the covenants . 

which thou, in glories bst. 

Saviour of men ! 

hast taken 

with Abraham, 



* Thus Cod. £xoB. ; MS. and Joniiu* bojib-jicc^nlbvm. ' 

^ The Exeter MS. bas, nn }u njic bep jicc. m >a/ ffpptftMak, 
perfectly clear and inteiKgihV, while the reading in die test is 
susceptible only of a forced interpretadon. 

' Cod. Exoa. more um e clly, idir-^j<ea]be, 

^ Lye, widi e^eat probability^ coojtctiutt that for hhsaV we 
hniji^tf. 



ftc, whidi b 
olwcoR^ and 



ahoolditad 



236 



CJEDMON^S PARAPHRASE. 



3 toiyiiee* 

^ toiacobe* 

jajta 

yu, him f jehete* 

yuflh lieaSbji-cfybe^ 

^ ]m hfptL fjimn-cyn* 

lean polbe* 

f te mpoeji him* 

on cneopijyom* 

c^nneb pujibe* 

'J j-eo maenljeo* 

]iisEji6 jnSpc* 

liat to hebbanne** 

fpa heoFon-]l:eoppan* 

bebajaiS bpibne hpypft* 

oS f bjum-p^o* 

]wf ^ f»-pijio8a janb* 

2eonb fealcne pi^« 

me iijie* jpynbeS* 

f hip tinplma* 

u pmtjia pojm* 

]mjiiSan fceolbe* 

jiyl na jrpom-fppa^* 

iSeah beopa yei kp^en* 

pLtija ^Inne p6pb-cpybe< 

"3 )rfn fulboji on ttf • 

jecyV qiaejt; 3 nuhc* 

)^ )^' calbeaf •' 

3 foica jrela* 

jejrpijen habbalS* 

i$a ^ nnbep heo|xnwn- 

bae^ne bp^eat* 



and with Isaacs 

and with Jacob, 

Creator of spiriU 1 • 

Thou that bast promised them, 

throngb thy rerebUiony 

that thoa their offspring, 

in dbtant da ja, 

▼boldest increase^ 

which after them^ 
IS in their generadonsi, 

should be.bom, 

and the multitude 

be great, 

theperions to be reckoned 

as the stars of heaven* 

TAe^shall inhabit fAespadous orb 

unto the ocean-way; 

OS the seashores* sand 

round the salt wave \water. 
SB the bittotos through the abyss of 

so that of them a number infinite^ 

in a space of winters 

should be. 

Fulfil now thy promise, 

though of them few live, 

manifest thy saying 

and thy glory in us ; [power, 

make known thy wisdom and 

that which the Chaldeans, 
so and many people 

have heard spoken of, 

those who under heaven 

heathens live. 



• Cod. Exoa. hab vo bdj^aa. ^ Cod. Ezon. rja jajiojm joab. 

' Cod. Exoa. ift {eoab eaji ^sx-oab. ' f teems to be aa eiror for >a. 



CiEDMOyS PARAPHRASE. 



237 



10 



j^yti ina eapt* 

ece bjuhcen* 

pepoba palbenb- 

popQlb-2«fceafca* 

pjopa jiett3enb» 

jfdSfaejfi: mea>b* 

jpa j6 halja p^* 

hepjenbe paef • 

mecobef miltfe* 

'} hif milita fpeb* 

pehce l^aph peopbe* 

iSa Of pobepam p«f • 

enjel aelbeopHt* 

Qpui onpenbeb* 

plite fcyne pep* 

on luf pulbop-h£inan« 

pe him q^m CO fpojrpe* 

3 to peoph-nepe* 

mib lupan ^ mib bppe* 

pe %one Iij topceap* « 

hall; 3 heopon-beopht* 

hdcan pypep. [1^1] 

toppeop hine ^ toppenbe* 

yuph ^a ppi^an miht* 

h^jep leoma^* 

$ hjpa^ Ifce ne pssp* 

opihc 2ee2leb* 

ic be on aDban ploh* 

pyp on peonbap* 

pop pypen-baSbum* » 

]»a paep on ^am 6pne* 

^aep pe enjel becpdm* 

pinbig *] pynpam* 

pebepe seUcopc* 



and that thou alone ait 
Lord eteraal. 
Ruler of hosts, 
of worldly bdngSj 
Disposer of TictorieSy 
jttstCceatorr 

Thos the holy man 
vasprainng 
the Creator's mercy, 
and his might's efficacy 
witli voice declared. 

Hien from 4he finnament 
an aU-bright angel 
sent firom aboTC^ • . 
a man t>f beauteooa foHn, 
in his garb, of glory, 
\rbo to them came for comfort, 
and for their lives* salvation, 
with love and with grace; 
who the flame scattered 
(holy and heaven-bright) . 
of the hot fire, * 
swept it and dashed away, 
through his great might. 
Me beams of flame ; 
so that their bo^es were not 
injured aught : 
but in hate he cast 
fire on the foes, . 
for their wicked deeds. 

Then was ii in the oven, 
where the angel came, 
windy and winsome, 
to the weather likest 



3>7 



* ApparcnUj in error for Icomaa. 



^ MS. and Jonio^ hf jie. 



238 



CiEDMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



]H>nDe [hit*] on fumepef tfb 

jenbeb peop'Se'B* 

bpopena bpeapunj* 

on bsejef hpfle* 

peajimhc polcna fcdji* 

fpylc biS pebejia cyjt;* 

fpylc psf on ]nun jTpe- 

jrpe^ mihtum* 

halpim CO heipe* 

peapiS fe Mta 1^- 

tob]U|»n J tobpefceb- ' 

y^sji yti bflcb-hpatan* .* 

jeonb ]H>ne 6fen eobon- 

] fe en^el mib* ^ 

jxoph^nepijenbe* 

je ^p j»op1Sa paef • 

annaniaf* 

"J azapfaf • 

3 nujtidi* 

]»aep ]m m6b-1ipatan* 

^py on 2«]Fancam« 

iSeoben hepebon* 

bi£bon bletpan* ' 

beapn ifpaela* 

eall lanb-^^rceapt* 

^cne bpihten* 

^Seoba palbenb* 

jpa bie ]^p^ q^aebon* 

mdbum bopfce* 

l^uph i^msene j>6pb* 



10 






LIII. 



De 2^bletp2^' 
bylypit faebqi« 



when tbere, in summer's tide^' 

is sent 

a falling of drops, 

in the day's space, 

a warm shower of ike douds. 

. As is the bounty of the skies^ 

so was it in the fire, 

through the Lord's might, 

in help to the holy ona. 

The hot flame was 

scattered and quenched. 

There those bold of deed 

went through the oven, 

and the angel with ihem^ 

life-preserving, • 

who was there the fourth : 

Hananiah 

andAzariah 

and Mishad. 

There those, bold of mind, 

the three, in their thoughts, 

praised the Lord, 

prayed him to bless 

the children of Israd, 

all the land-creation, 

the Lord eternal. 

Ruler of nations. • 

Thus they three spak6 

with minds sagacious 

through common voice : — 

. LIIL 

^ Thee bless, 
merciful Father ! * 



• hir if not ill the Eicter MS., and is htn void of lisnificstioii. 



CiBDMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



239 



popiiIb-qi»|za pliee^« 

heofonaf ^ ensW** 
*j liIacto|i paeMji* . 
ytL^Cf. pobqium- 
onjuhcne • 



the beauty of worldly c^afU, 
and iky every work,* 
the heavens and angds^ 
and the clear water, . 
which from the akiea. 



'r\ 



^: 



punmB in pulbpe* 
"Sa iSec pajiSuS* 

^ ^ec selnuhn;* 
ealle jefceafce* . 
pobop-beophcan tunjlu* 
y^L ^ pjn® healbaiS* 
pinna ;] mona^- 
pinbop <npa jehjnic* 
hepije m h£be* 
^ heofon-fttoppan* 
beap "J beop pdip* 
%a iSec bdmije* 
^ ^ec mihnj jcfb* 
jajtaf lopse* 
bypnenbe pyp* 
^ beopht fumop* 
nep^enb hep^aB- 
nihc pomob j hae^* 
^ ^ec lanba ^ehpdc* 
leohe -) l^eoftpo- 
hep]2e on h£be* 
f omob hit 'J cealb* 
3 J^ec fpea miht^* 

Fopftap 3 P»par- 
pincep-bitep pebep- 

^ polcen-pqin* 



abide in gl<Mry,— * 

these thee adore : 

and thee. Almighty ! 

all creatures, 
10 Me heavenly bright bodies 

(which hold their course,) 

of suns and moons,- 
[ 193 J (each one separatdy,) 

praise in their degree.; 

and the stars of heaven, 

the dew and precious shower,- 

these thee exalt: 

and thee, mighty God 1 

aH spirits pndsej . 
so the burning fire^ . 

- and the bright summer, . 

praise their Pireserver* 

Night also and day; 

and thee eadi land, . 

light and darkness, 

pndse in their station ; 

heat also, and ocdd. 

And thee, mighty Lord 1 

the frosts and snows, 
ao the winter's bitter weather, 

and the heaven's course^ 



* Cod. Exom jopiilb-xcesj^s jolboji. * Cod. Exon. jviuie ^ mooaa* 



240 



C£DMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



lajpge on l^pce* 


praise in /Aeur; 


^ ^lijeta* 


and tbee the ligbtnings 


blice be]ilitin*bpate* 


pale^ brigbtly swift,-^ 


ysL ^ec bletj^e- 


tbese thee bleat. 


eall eojiiSan jjiunb- 


An the deptbs of eartb^ 


ice bjubten* 


eternal Lord ! . . . 


byllaf ^ bpufan* 


the bills and rocks. 


;] be<-beop2af • 


and the bigb mountains, • • * - 


pealce pi^piSs^r* 


the salt sea- waves. 


jHSSpttfC ]ii6tob» 


10 O just Creator ! . 


ei-ftpeam-fSa* 


the rirer-stream-floods. 


'J 1ip*€^III6* 


and the sources - 


paetep-fppync-pylla- 


of the water-spring-wells,— 


Sa iee papism's* 


. tbese tbee adore. 


bpalap iSec bepipiS* 


7%e whales praise thee. 


") bejion-pijolaf • 


and the fowls of beaTcn 


lyjt-bcenbe* 


sporting in air. 


]^ % lajo-ftpeamaf • 


those whicb the liquid streams. 


paetepfcipe pecjaS* 


the body of waters, bring forth 4 


J pilbu beop* 


90 and the wild beasts. 


3 neica jehpilc* . 


and erery kind of cattle, 


niman bleqie- 


bless thy name : 


3 manna beapn* 


* m * 

and thee the children of men 


mdbum lupaiS* 


in their minds love. 


\Ar 3frecirP»«la- 


and thee the Israelites,— 


sebta pcyppenb* 


of all wealth Creator ! 


bep^aS m babe* 


praise in their dq^ree. 


• 

beppan ]nnne*« 


their Lord ! 


^^ :]]^bal]2pa. 


And thee the holy ones* 


beoptan qwpcap* 


30 hearts* energies. 


r6«pe)Tpa sebpKf* 


-of all the just 


raple 1 zaiap- 


the souls and spirits 


lopaS Uf-fpean* 


praise. Lord of life 1 


lean peUenbe eallam* 


Girer of reward to all. 


• >uuie teems 

> 


to be sa error of the scribe foe byjia. 



CiEDMON^S PARAPHRASE. 



241 



annanlaf tec* 
^ abza]iiaf 3 mifael* 
metob bdmije* 
bpeop>;e&incnin • 
pe ]^ec bletpaS* 
j^ea folca jebpsf • 
psbeji selmihc^* 
fdS pmu metobef • 
fapla nejigenb* 
IiaelelSa helpenb- 
3 Jec halij pjt:. 
pujiiSaiS m pilbpe* 
pti; bjuhcen* . 
pe iee hejujalS* 
ball; bnihten* 
'J jebebum bpemaS* 
]m s^bleq^b eajir* 
jepuptab^ fepMS*. 
opep populbe bp6jp* 
heab cynin; beofonep < 
haljum inihcum. 
bpep leoht-jpuma*. 

opep bmba jebpilc** 

• • # . 



eternal Lord! 

Hananiah the^ 

and Azariab and Miabad, 

glorify, O Lord 1 

in their breasta' thougbta* 

Weblesatbee^ 

Lord of every people ! 

Fatber almigbtyj 

true Son of the Creator! 
10 Safioor ot soida I 

Helper ot men 1 

and tbee^ Holy Gboat ! 

we adore in glory, 

liord of wisdom j 

wo pndse thee, 

bolyLord! . 

and in our prayers celebrate ; 

tboo art blessed^ 
[ 193 ] glorified in spirit 
so over the world's rooi^ 

high King of heaven ! 

through t^ holy nught, 

bright source of li 

over every land. 



4Jt> 



iK f eboibe* 

ealbe]>eobe* 
• • • 

• m m 

nabochobonofpop • 
piiS yam nebfCum* 
polc-^ejtSum* 



then thai per$ecHiedj 
the ancient na6on. 



^o 



Nebucbadnt 
with the nearest 
rulers of the people ; — 



* MS. sad Joains. xcjnjiVtV. ^ The Mase sad m^tre rtqpuv jcjiliSt. 

c Froia tbe Exeter parmpbnst, as well as from the isterniptioii of the 
h is maalfcst fliaft the Bodleiaa MS. is very ddcctm in thispaitoT^soaf. 



243 



CJEDM0N*8 PARAPHRASE. 



f eopep pela 2«rea]i* 
l^eoben mine* 

jeboben to Mia* 

in bypnenbe* 

jryjief leoman* 

na ic ]^p feopep men< 

^epeo CO f^SSe* 

nalef me felpt leqjeS* 

& qneV jpe "Be paep • 

cymn^ef paefpa* ^ 

j)ff :j pdpb-jleap. 

f ip punbpa piuii- 

)^ pe iSaep eapim* 

onltoaS* 

je^enc Seoben nun* 

'pine S^pypw* 
onjyt 2«opu€* 
bpa ]?a ^ype pealbe- 
jinjum jaebelmje*. 
hie 2ob hepi2a8. 
inne £cne* 
3 eallep bim* 
be naman ^cbpam* 
on neob fppecaS* 
]?ancut5 ^ymmep* 
Upturn pdpSum* 
cpeiSdX he pe <na* 
shmhti; ^ob* 
pin; puIbop-G^nm;- 
poplbe ^ heopona"* 
iban )ni ]ia beopnap • 
bpe2o calbea* 
fie op ope* 



^ That many of you saVy 
• mylorda^ 

that we have three 

' ordered to the pile, 

into the burning 

beams of fire : 

now I four men there 

see in sooth^ 

unless I myself deceire/ 
10 Then said he who was 

the king's chief minister^ 

wise and eloquent :— 

* That is a miracle 

that we there with eyes 

look on : 

think^ my lord, 

what to thee is fitting, 

understand well, 

who those gifts hath giren 
90 to the young comrades i 

they adore God, 

one eternal, 

and him alone, 

by his every name^ 

in need address ; 

they praise his greatness 

in bold words, 

say he alone is 

almighty God, 
30 wise King of glory, 

of the world and heavens. 

Order thou those men, 

O chief of the Chaldeans ! 
. out of lAe oven s 



^V 



fv' 



• ;SKbcbns» if not sa error for SKbehnjum^ seems to be used coHecUtely.: 



CjEDUON'S PARAPHRASS.' 



243 



nij- hit fipAiCef j6>>- 

p hie pen oa f-am WSe- 

lenj J»onne Jiu J-upfe. 

hec Jja r* cyninj M tun. [19^ 

cnihcaj- janjan- 

hj-jibon Wpe- 
cj-jiboc cyne j^be- 
j-pa hie jecySbe ptijioo* 
hpufipon hseleS jconje- lo 

C^ )>am hse^enan pojian** 
pcejion ]>3 beniie'' jopbujmene* 
]>e him on b^num U;*™* 
laS j-eapo leoba cyninjef- 

■j hj-pa lice jebopjen- 
nwr hj'J'ii pli'^'i jejemmeb- 
ne Dxotj ppoht on hpsejle- 

ne jxax RT* beiT>BBl€b. 

ac hie on ppiSe bpihmef- 

op 15am jpmiQian spyp*- «> 

jlabe rpebbebon- 

jleap-miJbe juman- 

on japref hylb- 

5a -gcpic re enjel fip. [ 196 ] 



it ii ia no vUe good 
that they be in that peril 
longer than thoa needeat.' 

Commanded then thekingtohim 
tke yonng men to come. 
71u bold stripling! 
obeyed /Ae mandate, 
the noble youth* tuned, 
aa they were inatnicted, 
the men paawd 
before the heathen. 
The bands were borned, 
which on their bones lay, 
{the hateful device of the king of 

natdone,) 
and thrir bodies preserved ; 
their beauty was not blemished, 
nor iros there any injury on their 

rument, 
nor MnV locks singed by Me fire; 
but they in the Lord's peace, 
from that grim horror, 
gladly trod, 

the men of prudent mind, 
through the spirit's grace. 
Then went the angd up 



■ i. t. cojropui >uB luetaiaa, ftr tettia. 

b For b«Dne, which u maaifeatlf an error, I beliere we ilkNild read bcnbaf, 
by the lub^lltutJoQ of wbtch, the mdm of thi* and tlw two line* foUowiDg ia 
rendered plain, uid in confonnitf with the word* of Scripture; "Hun Acae 
tara ncre houad \a their coats," he. — " He aniwered and md, Lo, I m fbw 
men Untt, walking in the midtt of the fiic." Dan. iii. SI, S5. Lye (aece 
fMjio) thus interpret! the lioei: "Erant aaten hominea combniti, qnl iia is 
pemJcifm Etnixenint odioaa* inndja*. latellitci regia." Adding " Nota tuaca 
qaod cl. tlick»ius, 1.115. 38, kc bta lajoa jcapo, reddidit poMcmf Kfsa'*(I)> 
HickM does not eeemtobsvc been awan of the difference between bcjaa aa4 



244 



CiEDMON^S PARAPHRASE. 



f ecan him ice bpeamaf • 

on heaiuie hji6p* 

heop)na jilcej* • 

beh-^ejeii j bo1b« 

halpun metobe* * 

haefbe on ]^am punbjie jepupiSob* 

"Se ]»a jepyphto ahton* 

by]jaf hepebon* bjuhten* 

p)p ]^am haeVenan pblce* 

ftepcon lune^ foiS^qribum* lo 

3 him j-aebon jxhi* 

jioSpa tacna* 

oS f he jylpL jel^be-^ 

)^ je psfSpe mihta palbenb* 

fe Se hie of %am mijice ^enepebe* 

^ebeab ]^a fe bpsejua- 

babil6ne peapb* 

fpiSmdb ffnum leobum* 

f fe psepe hip albpe fcylbi;* 

fe ]^xf onfdce* » 

^ te ftfS psfSpe* > 

maepe mihca palbenb* 

fe hie Of ]^am mopfipe aljjbe* - 

• 

ajfep him ]?a hif leoba lafe* 
l^e yseji jetebbe pspon* 
^ nahce* ealb-feonbum* 
f hie ipe haef bon* 
paef heopa blaeb m babilone* 

[bon- 
pSSan hie ]K>ne bpyne pmbe- 



to seek him joys eternal,* 

on to the high roof 

of heaven's kingdom. 

J7i€ high and faithfid minister 

of the hoi J Creatw 

had in that wonder honoured 

those who merits possessed. 

The youths glorified the Lord 

before the heathen folk, 

exalted him in their utterances^ 

and said to him many 

true tokens, [lieved 

till that he (the king) lumself be* 

that he were Lord of might, [ed. 

who them from that murkhad sar- 
Proclaimed then the potent . 

lord of Babylon, 

sternly to his people, 

that he with his life should pav, ' 

who this denied, 

that tV were in sooth 

the great Lord of power, 

who them from that perdition had 
redeemed: • (remnant, 

he restored tohim then hispeople's 

that thither had been led, 

and allowed his ancient foes, 

that they might wealth possess. 

Their prosperity was great in Ba- 
bylon, 

after ihey had proved the fixe ; 



• MS. and Jon. bejiebo, an tmt of the tcribe Ibr hejiebff. 

^ MS. and Jun. liie, tiie line orer the i (I) being omitted. 

c If tbe text be correct, nahre would appear to be tbe imperf. of najan, (of tbe 
•ame form as ijan^ lee Rask'tGr. p. 79)» sigaifyiDg coadMceiicIerr, 
Sec also hyt, voce mesaa. 



C^DMON*S. PARAPHRASE. 



245 



b6m peapS sfteji bupiSe jecy- 

jtSSan hie bpihtne jeh^bon* 
paepon hypa palbaf jifce* 
jrS&m hie pobejut palbenb* 

hali; heopoa-jucef peapb* 

piS ]K>ne heapm jefcylbe* 

& ic pecan s^jpae^n* [197] 

ftfSum pdpbum* 

pSSan he piinbop on2et* 

babilone peapb- lo 

]mph jpfpep bpyne* 

hu )^ hjTpif 'ppf* 

hican dpiep • 

p€p jpjpe pypep. 

opepppen hspbon* 

pfLn ]?aphpdb<m* 

ppa him piht ne pceob- 

Zpna ^leba niS- 

ac jobep ppel-boban* 



their power was, aocordingto their 

Tiitue, manifested^ * 
since they had obeyed their Lord ; 
thdr counsels wece poten^* 
after that them the Ruler ct the 

sldeSy Qdngdom, 

the holy Goardian ot heaTtn's 
against that harm had shielded* 

Theoj as I have imderstood, 
by words of tmth, [sooghl^ 

after he perceived the wonder, 
the lord of Babylon, 
throogh the fire's burnings 
'how the three youths 
/Ae hot oven's, 
the fire's dire horror, 
had passed through, 
/Ae flame had traversed ; 
so that them no whit hurt 
/Ae gleeds' fierce hatCy 
but God's messengers, ' .' 



):pecnan pypep* 

He him ppiS bpihtne]** 

albbp jepcylbe- 

Sa pe ^Seoben onjan* 

SeSinjep pypcan* 

het ptL topomne« 

pfneleobe* 

3 ]m on y^xa meSle* 

opqi menijo bebedb- 

pypb ^epopbene.^ 

3 punbop 3obep* 

f te on ^am cnihcum* 



of/AefeOfiie; 
but of them lAe Lord's love, : 
against that horrid perils 
shielded the lives* •' 

Then the prince resolved 
to form an assembly, 
commanded together . * 
hispeopl^ 

and then in the council [tudc^ 
announced, throughout ^Ae 
#Ae event that had passed, 
and the miracle of Grod, . 
whidi on those youths .. . 



246 



C£DMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



10 



jecj^Seb paq** • 

onhic^^'B nu*. 

JiaL^e mihise* 

pife punbop jobef • 

pe 2Cfapon f he* 

ftS cpealme jebeapH* 

cnihtum on dpie* 

lacenbe If;* 

]^am )^ bif I6f Mpon* [198] 

fop ]mm he if <na* 

^ee, bjuhten* 

slmibt^* . . . 

ye ie him Mm popj^p* 

fpopenbe fp^* 

)^m )^ hif fpel bejtaS* 

popSon pttij&iB* 

>a]ih punbop moms. 

halpimpitran. 

]?e hip hylb cupon* 

cuiS ip f me bamel* 

byjlan fpepnep* 

ptfilie jep^be* 

)^ n&p ]7iSe o'Sfttfb* 

manejum on mdbe. 

minpa leoba* 

pop ]^am 8elmiht32* 

eaoenne japt* 

m pepto penbe* 

pnyttpo cpspcap* 

fpa pdpbum pppaec* 

pepobep paeppa* 

bahilone peapb* 

pSiSan he beacen on^et* 

pputol t<cn jobep* 

no ^y pel bybe* 

ac ]nun ciSelinje* 



70 



had been manifested :-^ 

' Consider noir 

lAe holy power, 

the wue miracles of God : 

We have seen that he 

protected against death 

the youths in fhe oven, 

against the fatal flame^ 

those who hear his pndse ; 

because t # is he alone, 

the Lord eternal, 

almighty, 

who hath given power to those, 

prosperous fortune, 

who observe his commands ; 

wherefore prophesy, 

through many miracles, 

by the holy spirits 

they who Ids grace have chosen. 

Manifest it is that to me Daniel 

of the dark dream . 

soothly smd, 

which before had much perplexed 

in mind many 

of my people, 

because that the Almighty 

an enlarged spirit 

hath sent into his soul, 

powers of wisdom/ 

So in words spake 
the people's prince, 
the lord of Babylon, 
after he had perceived the sign, 
the manifest token of God. 
Nor yet for that did better ; 
but the 



C£DMON*S PARAPHRASB. 



247 



10 



opephyjb sefoeob. 

peapS him hyppa liy;^* 

3 on beoptan -ge^Sanc* 

xniEpan rndb-jepui* 

]H)nne -gemec piSpe* ' 

o9 f bine nub n^be» 

nytep fifette* 

mexxb sebnibti;* 

fpa be manejnm beiS* 

y^jOL ]?e ]mpb opepbfb* 

4p afti^eS* 

]?a bun peapiS on fbepe* [199] 

fpepen setypeb* 

nabocbobonofpop* . 

bun f neb ^^p^ap'S*' 

Jnibce bun f on polban* 

fsejpe fcdbe* 

pubu-beam pbtij* 

pe paep pyptum paspt* 

beopbt on blaebum* « 

n«p be* beappe ji^lic* 

Ac be bbpobe* ^ . 

to beofon-tonjlnm* 

fpilce be opeppaefSmbe* . 

polban pceatap* 

eabie mibban-jcapb. 

€fS m^pe-ptpeamap- 

cpfpim 'J teljum* 

iSaep be to-jepeab* 

]aibte bun )^ pe pubu-beam* so 

pilb-beop pcylbe* [ 200 J 

inetboe* 



pride oTerwbefaned. 

He bad a loftiec soa!, 

andj in his beart's tbongbt, 

M greater mind 

tban were meet; .* 

tin tbat bim with force 

humbled 

the Lord almigbtyj . 

as be to many doth/ 

of those who through pride 

mount up. . . 

Then was to him in sleep 
a dream reTealed, 

JAM l\CUUvaaUIlCZZar J ^ 

him that greatly moved :-r 

seemed to bim that on earth 

stood fiEor ^. 

a goodly forest-tree^ 

which by its roots was firm, 

bright in Us boughs, 

its like was not in the grove, ■ 

for it soared 

^to the stars of heaven, 

as it would overspread 

earth's regions, . 

the whole world, 

unto the sea-streams, 

with its shoots and branches. 

There, as be looked, [tree 

seemed to bim that, the forest- 

the wild beasts shidded : 

alone it was as food^ 



* Literallj, to kim thai went mtar. Stmilsr to this it the Gcnnsn phrsae, es 
ging ihm nahe; also the Danish, det gik ham asr. 

^ Under the suppoeition that be ia «a error for huBt thia verae b thsa trans- 
lated. 



248 



c^DMoVs paraphrase; 



eaUam heolbe* 

fpylce pijl^r ^^* 
heojia.jieojih-neiie* 
on ymy beamq-* 
blebum name** 
Sahte hsmf enjd* 
ujan Of pdbqiom* 
j'ti^an cponi6« - 
"J ftepie abe<b* 
tophnm peojibe* • 
hec f tjieop ceoppui* 
3 ^a jalbeop*' 
on pe; fledn* - 
fpylce eac ^ jnijolaf • 
)K>nne hif jjU c6me* 
hee ]Hinn6 bepi^gban* 
feoljxf blaebum* 
tp^iun ^ te^^tutt- 
'J ]?eb t<cen pej-an* 
punian p^tpuman* 
ymy puba-beamef • 
eop^San paeftne* 
oS f efc cyme* 
2pene bleba*' 
)K>nne job jylle^* 
hex^ eac ^^bmban* 
beam l^one miclan* 
sepenum clammnm* 
;j ifepnum* ^ * 
^ 2®faelebne* 
m pifl b6n* 
^bif mdbpite^ 
f mijcijP^ ptce pealb 



OS a Udr for all}' : 

BO also the fowls 

their refoge^pbioe 

on that tree's • . . 

branches toolu 

Seemed to him that an angel, 

from the heavens above, 

descending came^ 

and with voice commanded, 
IS with clear utteianoe . 

bade^ that tree be hewed, 

and the wOd beasts 

flee away, 

so also the fowls, 

when his fall- cometh : 

bade then cut it,, ^ 

with its branches, 

shoots and boughs, 

and yet a token to exist, 
90 the root to rest 

of that forest-tree, 

fast in the earth, 

till that agun shall come 

green boughs, 

when God shall will it: 

bade also bind 

that vast tree 

with brazen bands,- 

andiron; 
30 and, when bound, 

cast into torment^ 

that his mind might know [ment, 

that a mightier meldeth punish- 



* Should comcDj be DSiaon« ia the pIoisL 
^ Appartatly aa error tor jiUe. 



CiEDUON*S PARAPBRASB. 



24d 



jKmnelielumFiSmaese: 
yti Of f Lepe onp6c* 
jyepk paef aet enbe*' 
eopSlic aeSeliiij* 

him Jwr cjcf* rtd'>* 
2pype jpam &m s^ftc* 
jSe J^ybep 20b j^nbe* 
bet }^ cofoiiui€* 
fine leobe* 
folc'-bou&ii* 
fpaepi ofeji ealle* 
jytSm6b cyninj* 
hpaet j^ fpefen bube* 
nallef ff he plnbe* 
f bie bic pfton* 
fe he cunnobe* 
.ha hie cpe%an polbon* 
isL paef to %am b6me* 
bamel haten* 
jobef fpel-boba* 
him pa9f 2»ft ^^fealb* 
hah; of heofonum* 
fe hif hyje tpymebe* 
on yzxa bjuhten-peapb* 
beopne piffe* 
fefan fibne ^^^anc* 
*J T^ji^o cpaeft* 
pifne pdpb-cfibe* 
epc he ponbop manij* 
metobef mihta^* 
fop men KtlM§p* 
y^ he fe^an on;^* 

m 

fpcpief poman* 



than that he may prevail against 
[801 ] Then from deep awoke [hinu 
(the dream was at am end,) > 
the earthly kuag; 
fear therectf waa on hmiy 
horror from the spirit^ 
whidi thither God had aent. 

Commanded then togetlier ' • 
hia oounaeUoray 
10 leaders of Me peoples 
inqiured among aU, 
/Ae kug stem of mind, 

^hat that dream boded s ' 
*not that he weened 
. that they it knew, -- ■ 
but he proved 
how they would speak. 

Then to the judgment was 
Darnel caOed, 

so God's prophet^ 

to him a spirit was giTen 
holy from heaven, . "^ • 
wUch his mind strengthened; ': 
in whom the guardian lord 
knew to exist deep 
ample thought of nund, * 
and power of wisdom, 
[208] wise utterance. - . 

Again he many a wonder, 

ao through the Creator's mlj^ 
shewed before men. 

Then he began to say . . 
Mtf horror of Aif dreani. 



■ Bthrr the word >vjih is wantiag bclbrt metope;, or, for mikcaive ihoaM 
icid Buhtsm. 



250 



CiBDM0N*8 PARAPHRASB. 



heah keopt "j haeSen* 

k«F5«r p*r»* 

ealne ]Kme egjejwi* 
ye him eopeb po]** 
baeb hine ajieccan* 
hpiet j-eo ptin babe* 
btfpe .halija pdpb* 
^ in hije pinbe* 
to ';[fiiecgKane» 
fdSum pdpi^uihi* 
hpaet fe beam babe* 
ye be blfcan -gdjegh* 
3 bim jnt^obe* 
pfjiba s^Jnnpi* 
he 9a fpijobe* . 
hfxKejie f dS on^eat* 
bame] set ]^am b6me* 
)^ hif bjuhten pef • 
pimena alboji* 

piS 2<>^ r^i^^* 

pinbobe fe )>Spt* 
hpaffSpe he p6pbe cpsriS* 

to yarn sefSehn^e* 
f V P^P^bef peajib* 
panboji tiiilytel* 
^Jnijerape* 
^ujih fpepen caman* 
heofon-heiume* beim* 
;] J^haljan pojib* 
Jppe ^ esefhca* 
ytL fe ei^el qpnfS* 
f f tjieop fceolbe* 
teljom bepii6beb* 



10 



» 



Me proad of heart and heathen * 
leader of the host, 
all that terror, 
which to him was shewn i 
.bade him (Daniel) rdate* 
what that mjstery boded; 
. thai he should speak holy words, 
and in Am mind should strive 
to say, 

in words of truihy 
what the tree boded, 
that he shining saw, 
and f^Ao/ to him foretold 
the councils of the fates, 
Hethen was ulent} . 

yet troly understood 

Daniel, at that judgment, 

that Ids lord was, ^ 

like chief of men, 

guilty towards God. 

7^e sage was awe^struck, 

yet by word he spake, 

the reverend, messenger, 

to the chief :-^ 

* That is, guardian of people, 

.no small wonder, 

that thou sawest . 

come through thy dream : 

The heaven-high tree 

and the holy words, 

angry and awful,. 

that the angel spake :— • 

.that the tree should, 

lopped of its branches. 



* MS* and Junnu bcane. 



CMDUOltB PARAPHRA8B. 



351 



-J ]h>iiii0 nub beopiiiii* 
bpeamlesf beda* 
p^ften fiumn* 
1 bif p^]iC|iimutt« 
folbao bepolen** 
jrypfe-meaiic fqvn« 
jmUe OD padSok* 

Cl]^ ^b feopm dbft* 
fi£be ep; onpdo* 
]7a )«n bUb Ii6«. 
jja fe beim jep^ox* 
heah u beopHiiinii* 
fpa ]m ludeSum eajit* 
inaeaDiim* / 
«op^baenbiim* 
peajib 3 pifa. 
nff ^ ptepbpeca* 
man on molban'* 
n^m^ metxjh inn* 
fe tee iceopjxS* 
op cynin^bdme* 
J tee plneleapne* ' 
on ppsc penbeV* 
^ ]H>nne onhpeoppeV* 
beoptan ]^Ine« 
)^ ^ ne jemynbjaft^' 
aeptep min-bpeame*^ 



[SOS] 



only UL • ^ 

wbidi cni atood bal^ 
and tbcn with beaats 
be jqylcaa, 
dwdl in the wute, 
nndj^foota, . 
buried in earth, 
be, for a apao^ 
stin in their atation, 
(thna apake the Toioe^) 
andy after aeren aeaaona^ 
aeed agam receive {—? 
aoia thy glory t 
aa the tree grew 
high to henTen^ • 
ao art thou to men, 
alone to all ' 
eafth-dweDera^. ^ 
guardian and l^der : 
to thee ia no withatander, 
MO man on earth, 
aave the Lord only, 
who will cut thee oflF 
from thy kingdom,, 
and thee firiendleaa . 
win into exile aend, 
and then win turn . 
thy heart, 

that thou be not mindful 
after ainful joy. 



• 8c€ "Wcstenrieder* Glouariam Gcr, Laft. Vocua ObaoL Prinu ct BMii 
iEvi/' voee Befuhlea. 

^ Thei iihercreqaititetothe un&t, and has, wiUionidoabC* bcea omitted by 
the scribe : it ii found in Paniert repetition of the words. See p. S5a» line U* ' 

c Both the sense and the aliitcration itqniic bitf instead of UV» 

^ MS. senyb^ft. 



^253 



C£DMON*S PARAPHRASE* 



butan filbeopa ^eap* 
a€ ya lij^ei^* 

heopca Iil5'pnm« - ' ■ ^ 

jeoDb hole poDajl:* 

ne biS ^ec nuSl-mete* 

Dyin]w m6pef 3psf • 

ne p^ft pitob* 

ic ]»ec pej^ fciip* 

peoeS ^ ppeoeB* 

fpa filbu beop* 

cS ^ ^a ymb peopon pintep* 

j^ fie <n metob* .* 
^allwm mannoni* 
peccenb 3 p!ce« 
p£ on pobepnm ip- 
ip me ppa ^eah pilla* 
^ pe pyptpumft* 
ftille poqr* ^^ ptaSole* 
ppa peo f^pn j/ecysX^ 
3 jmbe peopan dbe* 
psbe onpenje*. * 
ppa ^fn jitoe* • 
pejtenbe biS* 
Aiploh pop eoplum* « 
oS ^ y%i epc cywpc^ 
Zehfie ya jgiek join, 
paepdicne piSb* r 
pyle slmjipan* 
pep eapmpa Ueo* . • . 
^inpi pop 'Seobne* 
^p ^Sam peo ^pah cyme- 



not understand, • 
. save the wild beasts' thews; 

but thoa liring^ 

for a long season, 

with harts* leaps, * 

among the holts sbalt dwelL 

To thee shall not be meal-meat, 

save the mountain's grass, 

nor rest assigned ; 
10 but thee the rains' shower 

shall waken and chastise 

as the wild beasts, 

till that thou, after seven winters, 

shalt in sooth believe 

that there is one Creator, 

over all men 

ruling and powerful, 

who is in the heavens. 

Yet it is my will 
^ that the root • 

still be in its station, 

(so the voice spake,) 

and, after seven seasons, 

seed receive: 

thus thine empire 

shall be resting • 

waste before men, 

till that thou again comest. 

Do thou devise, my lord, 
so firm counsel,' 

givcahns, 
. be to the poor a refuge, * - 

pray before the Lord, ' ^ 

ere that the season cometh. 



* X»f seems to b^ an error for |>«jie. * 



CiBDMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



25a 



f he )^ec apoppe* 
Of populb-plce* 
ojpt mecob ab§c» 
monije "Seobe* 
pypcan ^nne* 
lue polbon fylfc* 
jj*jiene pejmi* 
i§]i him pep jobef • 
]mph ejcj-an jpype- 
albpe jefceobe* 
no ^f fela bamel* 
to hif bpihtne jefppaBC* 
jtSiSpa p^ba* 
yajih jnytpo cpiept* 
f yxf i fe pica* 
peccan polbe* 
mibban-jeapbef peapb* 
ic hif mdb aptah* 
Leah jrpam heoptan* 
he yxf heapbe onjealb* 
onjan 9a jybbijan* 
J^iiph jyip micel* • 
calbea cynin;* 
}?a he ceajrpe peolb* 
babiloDe buph* 
on hif bb§be jepeah* 
fennepa jrelb* 
fSbne bepmban* 
heah* hkpi^an* - . 
f pe hepe-tyma* 
pepebe jepophce* 
^uph punbop micd* 



that he shall cast thee * 

from f Ay worldly kingdom.* 
[805] Oft the Creator lets 

many people 

actj when 

they themselves would 

commit crimes,. . 

ere the fear of God, . 

through terrific horror, 
10 their lives overwhelmed. 
Not so many Danid 

spake to his lord 

tme words, 

through wisdom's power, 

that for them ever the prince 

would reck, 

the ruler of mid-earth ; 

but his mood rose . 

high firom his hearty . 
» (he for this hardly paid). 
Began then to be giddy, 

through great piide^ 

the Chaldeans' king, 

as he ruled the city, 

the town of Babylon, 

saw, in his prosperity,. 

Shinar's field 

wide wmding^ . 

the metropolis towering, 
30 which the martial leader 

had for his people wrought, - 

by a great wonder. 



* As hlipjan cannot well refer to jennajia pitb, I suspect that the word bajih 
Las been omitted after heah, and that we onght to read beah-bojih hlipjaa^ 
which is necessary also to the sense of what immediately IbUowa* vis. ^jic^e 
^efojihrc* 



254 



CiEDMON*s paraphrase; 



peaji'5 & <iihybi2« 
ojzeji ealle men* 
jrpi^mdb in jepui* 
pii ««pe pmbop-ppe. 
ye him 2ob fealbe- 
pimena pfoe- 
poplb to jepealbe*. 

in pepalfpe* • 

• • • 



Then became he Btubborn, * 

over an men, 

arrogant in mind, 

for the extraordinary gift 

which to him God had given, 

of men the empire, 

the world in domination* 

In the life of men 



%a eap% feo mide* 
3 mfn feo nuSpe buph* 
]w 10 ^epqphte* 
to jmplSmynbum* 
piime pSce* 
ic pejte on ^ 
eapb 3 eSel- . 
ijan pylle* 
%a foji %am 2ylpe* 
jumena bjuhten* 
p)p]:an2en peap'5* 
3 on jdeam jepdt* 
<na on ojiephyb* 
ojieji ealle men* 
fpapolS pejia*- 
on jepm-bapun* 
jeoqiojme fiX* 



10 



Thou the great earth 

an4*mine the grand city 

which I have wrought 

for my gloiy, 

my spacious empire !— 

I will rest in thee : 

my land and dwelling • 

will possess/ 

Then, for that vaimt, t'*^ R 
the lord of men * v/> 

was driven forth, 
and in flight departed, 
alone in pride 
over all men,. 

(such is the wandering of men, 
in their days of sorrow,) 
a painful journey, . 



* My interpretation of line 23 and the five following b conjectural ; to jastiiy 
it, potf most be considered as synonymous with paV (see p. 256. 1. 33.) and not 
prophetiam, as Lye renders il; and besetre (p. 255. L 3.) an error of the scribe, 
perhaps for bejiehre ; which conjecture seems to be countenanced by p. 256. 1. 31 • 
Lye's version of lines 19-23 is as follows : '' In fugam abiit singularis in am>- 
gantia super omnes homines sicut eifatam hominum in tyrannidis diebns/>r«£r- 
crol. i. e. Expulsus est regno omnium arrogantissimus Kthmchaifiegxar, juzta 
prophetiam apud homines divulgatam, ipso a^uc impciaiitc.' 



»» 



C^DMON^S 



aphrase; 



255 



mjobef plte^ • 
-Sajia ]^e ept lipjenbe* 

leobe bejete* 

nabocbobonoffO]!* 

plS^an him niS jobcf . [ 206] 

hpeS Of beoponiim* 

hete jefceobe* 

jneopon pin^p famob* 

fOfl J^iopobe* • 

pdbeopa p^ften* i« 

piii'-bup;^ cymnj* 

iSa fe eapfo% maec;- 

iiplooobe* 

pilbeopa ^epittL* 

]mpb polcna janj* 

jemunbe ]^ on mdbe* 

f metob paepe* • 

heopona heah cynin;* 

haeleiSa beapnUra* 

insL ice ^ajr* « 

}^a be ept onhpeapp- 

pdban 2^^^^^ 

)wp 'pe he i6p pibe baep* 

hepe-popan hije* 

heopcan jetenge^ 

^a hif jjBLjz ahpeapp- 

in 2obef jem^nb* 

mdb to mannum* 

fiSiSan he metob onjet* 

jep&c }?a eapm-pceapen* so 

ept-jiSian* 

nacob nyb-2en2a* 

nxSje&fian*. [^07] 



in 6od*8 

for the things which «9A€ii again 

among the living 
he to his people related. . 
Nebachadnezzar, . 
after that him God's enmity 
fierce from hearen, 
had with hate o*enibelmed« * 

Seven winters together 
endured torment, 
the wild beasts' waste;, 
the long of the loved citj. 

When /Ae afflicted man 
looked up, 

the wild beasts' comrade^ 
through the donds' course, . 
he remembered then in mind 
that the Creator was 
the heavens* high King; 
to the children cl men 
alone the eternal Spirit; 
then he turned again 
from his wood mind, 
to where he erst bare widely 
a martial leader's soul, 
with heavy heart : 
then his spirit bent 
to thought of God, . 
his mind to men, • 
when he Ait Creator knew: 
went then miserably shapen, 
journeying bade, • 
a naked unwilling wanderer, 
his punishment enduring; 



* leVapan teeau not to salt the context; ic^oliaa is probably the trac readiiig« 



256 



C£DMON*S PARAPHRASE^ 



l^iinboplic fpsoca* * 
3 j^eba leaf* . 
maetpa on mob-j^lSaQC* 
to man-^Tine* 
^nne pimena peapb- 
in jylpe paq-. . 
ft6b mibban-jeapb* 
aejxqi man^bjuhtne* 
eajib J eSel* 

m 

leopon ymtep, fambb*. . . 

fpa no jpiSjiobe. 

pice unbep pobepnm* 

ciSffe psfpa ctfm* 

^a paep ejz jefeteb* [208] 

m albojrixmi* 

babilone peapb* 

hasp be betepan ^ap* 

leohtpan jdeapoi* - 

in lip-fpmnan* » 

f ce 2ob fealbe. 

pimena jelipilciim* 

pelan fpa pite* 

fpa he polbe jylj:* 

nelen^be^* 

leobaalbop* 

pitejena popb-cpybe« .'. 

<c he pfbe beab* 

metobef mihte* . 

Ybsjl he melb ahte- ao 

jTO-paec pejbe* 

ffniun leobum* 

pfbepaSe- 

]w he nub pilb-beopum ateah** 



a wonderous wretch, - 

and weediest I [derate 

in his mind's thought more mo* 

towards mankmdj 

than, when guardian of the people^ 

he was in his pride* 

Mid-earth stood, 
after the prince of men, 
his land and dwelling-place, 
after the chiefliun, 
seven winters together, 
so that iBourished not 
the empire under heaven ; 
till that the chief returned. 

When again was seated 
in his sovereignty 
the lord of Babylon, 
ii« had better habits, . 
a brighter faith 
in his life's Author j— 
that God gave, 
to every man,, 
both weal and woe, 
as he himself would. 

Slighted not then 
the prince of people 
the prophets' sayings, 
but widely he announced 
the Creator's power, 
whereof he had had proof: 
told his journeying 
to his people, 
the wide wandering 
that he went with the wild-beasta^ 



• In Genaaa alto, the verb xiehca (connate with atedo) la used in the 
Qifefa* 



C£DMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



257 



cX f hun jjtevn jobef • 

in 2ajfe becpdm* 

paebpejT fcpft* 

"Sa He to pobepum befeah* 

pyjib poep ^^pojiben* 

prnbop jecj'Seb* 

Ifepi "gsfeSA* 

pajl apunnen* 

btfm 2cb£meb« 

fpa «]i bamd qw5« 

^ fe pdc-tuja* 

pnban fceolbe* 

eappoS-fiSaf • 

foji Bip opejiineblan* 

JT^ he qijdice* 

2ob fpellobe* ' 

metobef mihtam* 

)X)p man-cynne* 

p'SiSan in babilone* 

buph-pttenbum* 

lanje hpQe* 

l£pe pa^be* 

bamel btfinap* 

pS&n beopa j^pS* 

pilbpa faeji'-'gssxffL* 

op paSe q>6in« : 

nabochobbnopfop* 

op niS-j^iacom* 

pSSan peapbobe* 

pibe pSoe* 

heolb haele^ j^ptpeon* 

'J ^ fie<n baph* 

jji6b popemihtij* 

polca paefpa- 

calbea c^nins* 

olS f bun cpehn ^cpceob* 



10 



tin that to hin^ of tieljordGoi, 

into his spirit came 

a 8tead£Bist sense. 

When to the firmament he looked^ 

vns the decree fulfilled, ' 

/Jle wonder manifested, • 

the dream accomplished, 

the pun overcome, 

the doom deemed, 

as Daniel erst had sud; — 

that the nations' leader 

should find 

hard fortunes 

for his pride^ 

as he rashly 

the God had acted, 

with the Creator's powers^' 

before manldnd. 

Tlien in Babylon 
to the inhabitants^ 
for a long season, 
wisely pronounced 
Darnel dooms. 
When the beasts' assodate, 
the ranger of the wilds;, * * 
came firom the wanderings 
- Nebudiadnezzar, -' 
from his dire exilc^ 
then he protected 
Ait wide empire^ . - . 
guarded Me people's treasuresy 
and the lofty dty; . 
mse, prepotent, 
the people's chieftain, 
the Chaldeans' king, 
tin that him deaUi destroyed.;. 



258 



C£DMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



I^a liim ofqi eofiiSan* 
anbjticft n6 pvf • 

oS f him 2ob polbe* 

]mpli lipyp6 lijiebban- 

heipSce* 

pSiSan ymji hif apejian* 

eab bpyttebon* 

pelan punben-jolb* 

in ]wjie pfban byju;* 

ealh-ftebe eopla* 

unjmctice* 

heah btfpb^nuejen* 

]^a hypa Uapopb be;:* 

LV. 

Da in "Saepe %eobe ap<$c* 

bif p 'pjahhe cneop* 

pKf balbazaji* 

bujija albop* 

peolb pepa pfcef • 

o% ^ bim plenco jefceobi 

opephyb ejk^ 

ISa psf enbe baej* 

iS«f ie calblaf • " 

cyxiiiijbdiii abton* 

%a mecob onlab* . 

mebam 'j pepf am* 

albopbomep* 

ymb' htel fsec* 

let babilone* 

bli6b fpiSpian* 

]K>iie y^L baeleV* 

bealban fceolbon* 



10 



[209] 



So to bim on earth 
was no withstander 
any many 

till that from lum God wonld^ 
through his ML, take 
Air proud kingdom. 
Afterwards his sons there 
enjoyed dominion^ . 
wealthy tmsted gold, 
m the wide city, 
of men lAe hall-stead, 
not weakly, 

the lofty treasure-house :— 
then their lard perished. 



LV. 

When in that nation rose 

from him the third generation, 

Belshazzar was 

the cities* prince | 

he ruled the realm of men, 
« till that him pride destroyed, 

hateful arrogance. 

Then was the last day 

that the Chaldeans 

the kingdom held, 

when the Lord bestowed 

on the Medes and Persians 

the sovereign-sway. 

For a little space 

he had let Babylon's 
so glory flourish, 

which those men^ 

were to enjoy. 



* MS. and Joaius jm. 



^ Tbe Medet tad Peniaat ? 



CiEDMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



259 



PJT8 he ealbojunea* 
in finjuhcmii* 
iSa iSe iSy jiice. 
piiSban fceolbon* 
%a f jjehagobe^ 

mebaalbop* 
f i£p man ne onjpn* 
f he babilone* 
abpecan polbe* 
aUi-ftebe eopla* 
]^8e)i sriSehnpif* 
nnbeji peaHa hieo- 
peUui hpytnebon* 

9 P^r t^J^ J3!J'tUa* 
polcmn cuSoft* 

]^apa }^ men bdn* 
babilon bap2<^* 
dS f balbazap* 
Jmph jylp spome* 
2obef jijiea j-aebe* 
faSton him aec pine* 
pealle beldcene* 
ne one^bon na* 
oplegia m'5* 
^eh iSe feonba folc< 
fepan qK>me* 
hepe^a ^epiSbun* 
to yxjie heah-bypij* 
f hie babilone* 
abpecan mihcon* 
jefaet ^a to jymble* 
fibeftan baeje* 

calbea cynin;* 
mib cneo-majom* 



. . He knew the mlera 

io be in imrighteonsiieasy 

those who the reahn 

should gOFern. - 
Then that resolved 

at home sittings 

the Medians' prince^ [ed^ 

what man before had not attempt- 
that he Babylon 
10 would destroy, 

of earls the hall-stead, 

where tie people^ 

under their ramparts* covering, 

enjoyed weal: 

that was of those fastnesses, 

most known to nations, 

chief est and greatest, 

which men inhabit, 

Babylon cl dties ; 
« till that Bdshazzar, 

through vaunt, fiercely 

said he was lord of God. 
Utey sate with him at win^ 

with wall inclosed; 

they feared not 

of wars /Ae evil, 

although of enemies a nation 

came marching, 

with martial equipage 
so to the metropolis, 

that they Babylon 

might destroy. 
Sate then at a feast, 

on hie last day, 

the Chaldeans' king 

with Aif kindred : 



260 



CiEDMON'S PARAPHRASE; 



]^8e]i mebu-jal peajiV* 
ma^eiiq* pljrft* 
bit ]^a bejian* 
]f]iaela j^ftjieon* • 
hufl-puii balepi*. 
on banb pepum* 
]>a i£p calbeaf • 
mib cyne-'Spj'inme* 
cempan in ceaftpe* 
clsne jendmon* 
jolb m jejiupdcm. 
& Bie rabea* 
bli6b ix>pbpii6con* 
bdlaeppm. 
;) l^ujib bleoiSoji-€yme*< 
bejuje 2^namon« 
beopbte ppaetpe^* . 
ISa bie tempel ftpubon* 
j-alomanef fdb*. 
fpiSe pilpon* 
ISa peap% bhiSe-indb* 
bupja albop* 
jealp 2p£mbce* 
jobe on anban* • 

qise'S f bif bepj^T* 
b^pan psepon* 
J mibt^pan* 
mannum to ppiSe- 
]K>nne ifpaela* 
£ce bpibten* 
bun f ticen peap^*. 
I^aep be tdftapube- 
ejefbc pop eoplom* • 



[210] 



10 



tbere became flusbed witb wine 

the ruler of ihdr nugbt, 

bade then bring 

the treasures of Israel^ 

the bolyVessels of sacrifice, 

to the bands of the people, 

wbicb the Chaldeans erst 

witb their kingly host, 

the warriors^ in the dty^ 

bad dean taken^ 

the gold in Jerusalem^ 

when they of Judea 

destroyed the glory 

witb fauldiions' edges, 

and, through the prophecy, 

for their idol took . 

the bright ornaments, 

when they the temple spoiled, 

the seat of Solomon :— - 

mudi they vaunted. 

Then was blithe of mood 

the prince of dties ; 

fiercdy boasted, 

in bate to God ; . 

said that his idols 

higher were, 

and mightier, . 

for man's protection, 

tiian the Israelites' 

eternal Lord. 

To him was that a token, 

where be stared, 

fearful before his earls, 



• For hleoVoji-cyme, we fthould UDdonVtedly rctd lileotfoji-cpybe. 
^ Between this and the following line there is no allitention : beojihte b per-' 
baps an error of the scribe for tojibre.- 



C£DMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



261 



innan healle* 
f he p)]i leobum* 

)« ]^8eji in e^efan* 
enjel bjuhtnef • 
let bif hanb cuman* 
in f hea-jelb« 
yjiit ]^a in yt^e^ 
p<Spba 2^pyna« 
bafpe bdc-ftapif • 
buph-pttenbnin* 
& peapf folc-toja* 
fopht on mdbe* 
£cul p>p 'pam, e^efan* 
jcfcah be enjlej- hanb. 
in fde ppStan* 
fennajia pioe- 
f 2ybbebon* 
pimena maeni^eo* 
haeleiS in healle- 
hpaet feo hanb pjute* 
to J^am beacne- 
buph-pttenbum* 
pepebe comon* 
on f piinbo]! fe6n» 
fohton ]^a fpi'Se* 
in fepm ^ehybum* 
hpaet feo hanb p^ute* 
hahjef j^f^f • 
ne mihton aju^ban- ' 
pfin-queptije men* 
enjlef sepenb-b^* 
aeVehnja cyn* 
08 f baniel ctfm* 
bjtihtne jjdc6jieu* 
piotop 3 f6fifmjt* 



10 



[21S] 



that he, before /Ae people^ 
lying words had spoken; 
when there in terror 
the angel of ike Lord 
let his hand come 
into the high seat ; 
wrote then on the wall ' 
mysteries of words^ 
crimson characters, 
to the city-dwellers. 

Then was the chief of nations 
fearful in mood, • 
shuddering with dread'; 
he saw the angd's hand 
write in the hall 
Shinar's punishment. 
At that were troubled 
the muUitude of people,' 
the men in the hall,' 
what the hand wrote ? 
To that sign 
to the dty-dwellers 
they in a body camc^ 
on that tmrade to gaze, 
sought then eagerly, 
in their minds' recesses, 
what the hand wrote 
of the holy spirit. • 

Might not intaprei 
the men in mysteries skilled 
the angel's message^ 
that race of men, 
till that Danid came, 
by the Lord chosen, 
wise and upright^ 



262 



C£DM0N*8 PARAPHRASE. 



in f jelb janjan* 

iam p»f on "fftfte* 

jobef cjiaejrt micel* 

to 'p9jn ic ^eojine SCfjiBepi* 

jypun ceapian* 

buph-jcpeapbar* 

f he him b6c-]iaifaf • 

apaebbe 'j apehte* 

hpset j-eo jiiin bnbe* 

hun s-cpseptij* 

anbfpapobe* 

2obef fpd-boba* 

jjleap je^ancef • 

no ic p% peoh-fceattum* 

oj»p jiolc bepe* 

bpihtnef bdmaf • 

ne iSe bujeSe can* 

ac J^e unceapunja- 

dpiasj r^cje* 

pdpba jcpynu* 

]?a )m penban ne miht* 

)^u pop anmeblan* 

in seht bepe* 

hufl-]»ta halepi* 

on hanb pepum- 

on 'pKm je beoplu* 

bpincan on^unnon* 

%a lip ifpaela- 

in A haepbon* 

aet jobep eapoe* 

o5 f hie 2^Ip befpie* 

pin-bpuncen jjept* 

jpa ye pup^San fceal* 

no f )^In albop* 

aeppe polbe* 



into the haU j 

in whose spirit was 

the great power of God ; 

for that, I have well understood, 

with gifts would buy 

the city's guardians, 

that he to them the characters 

should read, and should explain 

what that mystery might bode. 
10 Them the skilled in law 

answered, 

God's prophet, 

wbe of thought : — 

* Not I for venal treasures 

among nations bear 

the Lord's decrees, - • 

nor can to thee for benefit, 

but to thee, unrecompensed, 

thy fate will say, 
90 those words' mysteries, [pret : — 

which thou mayest not inter- 

Tliott in thy presumption, 

barest in possession 

the holy vessels, 

into the hands of men, 

in which ye devils 

to drink 

which erst the 

had in their law, 
90 at the ark of God, 

till that them pride 

wine-drunken wit : • 

so shall it be to thee. 

That thy parent not 

ever would, 

God's golden vtssek 



C£DMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



26S 



ID 2ylp bejian* 

116 * V^ hpA&qi bjiembe* 

ISeah "Be hejte bpohte* 

ID bif Kbte-2«pealb« 

ac f opcop jecpsV- 

alboplSeoba- 

fdSum pdptmm* 

ofep f{n mesen* 

p^San hun pulbpef peajib* 

punbop ^(teftb€* 

f he poepe <oa« 

ealpa 2efcea]m- 

bpihten J palbenb* 

fe him btfm pip^eaj:* 

unfcynbne bl«b« 

eopiSan pfcef • 

3 ^u hpiefe nu* 

f pe Ufj^nbe* 

pe ojrep beojdum* 

btt2el'um pealbeS* 
• • a 



bear in Tanni ; 

be tV the latber hindered, 

thcMigh his boet brooght 

ItT«el*8 treasure 

into big poaieeiion ; 

bat that oftener told 

ike people's prince, 

in true words, 

among bis army, 

(after to him (he chief <tf glory 

had the wonder manifested^) 

that he alone were 

of an creatures 

Lord and Ruler, 

who to him power had given, 

unstained glory 

of earth's dominion; 

and thou denies! now 

that living is, 

he irAo over devils 

in glory ruleth. 



[Hactenui amnm in Cod. M^ tlegamtiare wuam $mU eier^m,' ttfuenHm 
vero, epagine 213 sf^ve ei Jinem, Muiore cum curs smU peneripim. 
tnrfne aijectm eh eliquo^ qwi (tjitewniwufiem es fne iihri eoHigitwr^ 
vehti Lihntm Secundttm prtortkue pmtevit e^iciendem,'^F. Jonios.] 



* nt, I have no doabC^ is aa error of the tcribe lor he. 



* 



2«S 



B O O K IL 



Dsc feajiK unbepiM* 
eopite-buenbiun* 
^ incomb iiKpM* 
wShc J jvpttx^So* 
fa M 2«fefeiuibe* 
ftflban fceataf • 
jpeolfa be 2q^&»« 
pmnaii^ mdoaii* 
fdbiaf 3 eopCfui* 
fcpeun Aeon* 
p(-peceji 3 pAcen* 
ISnpli hif funbjut milic* 
beopne ;^Uyc* 

dene jmbhalbeVV 
meoeob on mihtum* 
;} alne mibban-2C>pb* 

hefdfanuej* 
pi je^nb-pliean* 
2|timbaf m lieofene* 
jober tjen beajm* 
;j he ajiiman mcj* 
pifi^naf fdijuun* 
bjtopena ^^Iipelcne* . 
bi^ 6ibe-pfm* 
feolua he jefetee* 
]mph hif fdSan miht- 
fpa re pJTihta* 
l^ujih hif pulbjief jjkps* 
fejiebe 3 y^^cob* 



[913] Thai WM nnhiddeii 
to earth's inhabitanta 
that tie Cieator had. 
nught and sticngthy 
when he fixed . 
ih€ woild's Tq;iona. 
Hehimaelf set 
ike mm and moooj. 
th€ atones and earth, 
IS ih€ atream without, . 
ih€ sea-water and donds, 
throogh his wonders' mig 
. TXedeep expanse 
dean npholdeth 
the Lord in his power, 
and all mid-earth* 
He can lii*nii^tf 

look through.^Ae sea's 
depths in the heaven, 
SD (God's own child,) 
and he can count 

* 

the rain-showera' . 
every drop, 
of days the number. 
Himsdf he placed, 
through his true might, . 
(as the artist,) ^ 
through his glory's spirit, 
planned and set, 



* Hie word jmbhalbctf can hardly be correct, fht Poet would oot me the 
particle ymb twice in the name couplet i the alliteratioB, too« rtqoiiet a difcreat 
▼oweL Puhapa he wrote vpbalbcV. . t 



266 



CiEDMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



on jiz hapun* 
eopiSan baelef *• 
up on Iieoponum^* 
heanne holme- 
hpi if fie cunne* 
opsone daene* 
nym% ice job* 
bpeimaf he jebselbe* 
biijuSe 3 2^]^eobe*« 
ibam iSpeji:* 
-J f ae^le cyn« 
eojla dfib-j^uman* 
f ]w efit pojipeajiiS • 
^ttbte heom on mdbe* 
f hit mfhte jyi* 
f hie pepon feolpe* 
fpejlef bpytan* 
jmlbpef palbenb* 
him iSaeji popj- 2^Iamp< 
%a heo m heUe* 
h£m jiaiSelebon* 
in xyteji o^pmn* 
m f itole fcp^f* 
J^aep heo bpy^^ pelme* 
biban fceolben* 
fipan fopz®* 

nalef fp^^^f 1^1^^* 
habban m heopimn* 
heah-jetimbjiab* 
ic ^ebupm j-ceolmi* 
m ^ne beopan juelm* 
m%ep mibsp nljjap • 



10 



in sizdayit 

the parts of earth, 

the heavens above 

the deep ocean. 

Who is there that Isnoweth the^ 

pore intelligenoe^ 

save the eternal God ? 

7%e joys he deakd 

of virtue^ and created 

Adam firsts • 

and that noble race, 

f Ae'angds' chiefs, 

that which after perished. 

Seemed to them in mind 

that it so might be, 

that they themselves were 

lords of heaven, ^ 

rulers of glory. 

Them there worse befell, 

when they in hell 

a home established, 

one after other, - 

in that drear den, 

where they scorching heat 

mustlnde, 

sore sorrow, 

not the light of the firmament 

have in heaven 

buOt on high, - 

but must dive 

into the deep fire, 

downward beneath. 



* Should grammatically be btUj. 

^ This line seems to be an error for :i up*bco^n« or heofonaj. 
^ Evidently an error for s^eote, creavit, and not the substantire se]»eobc» 
Un^M, 9ermo, as Lye has it (see SuppU voce busutO* 



CiBDM0N*8 PARAPHRASB. 



267 



u tone ncopIiB jpub* 

job <na fttc* 

htt he )^ r^lbije pepub* 

fopfqupen* hqpbe* 

cleopftiS iSoniM fe alba* 

Ac Of hdle* 

ppioeiS popb-€feb«f • 

pejicjui poojibo* 

eifejan fcepio* 

hpcp com enjla ISp^* 

ISa ^ pe on heopium* 

habban foeolbtti* 

^if If iScoftpc bim* 

Ceaple jehonben* 

peftttm fvp-dommum* 

fl6ji If on pelme* 

attpe OD«leb* 

nif nd enbe peofi* 

f pe jtreolun aetfonme* 

fufel J^popian* 

pein -J pepjiun* 

naUef pulpef bleb* 

habban in beopiiim* 

h&-f£lba p^n* 

hp«t pe p>p bpybcene lA* 

bpeamaf hefbon* 

pnj on fpejle- 

felpum tfbum* 

yxji nu ^b &ne {can* 

«Cele ftonbalS* 

hseleC ^b hfli-felb* 

hepijttS bpiheen* 

pdpbiun J pepcnm* 



into the abyas piofisondy 

greedy and imTcnoitt. 

God only knova 

how he the giulty host 

had proacribed. 

Tlien caDeth the diief 

ouiofheD, 

Qttereth wofdsy 

with speech accursed^ 
M with icy voice ^— > 

' Whither is come ike angel-hoi 

those whom we in hesTcn 

should hare? 

This is a home of daiknessp 

strongly bomid 

with fitft fire-bonds, 

the floor is on fire^ 

with venom scorched | 

the term is not far distant 
» that we together must 

torment endure^ 

in woe and maledictions^ 

not a life of gkury 

have in the heavens, 

the joy of thrones. 
[8U] Alas! we erst before the Lord 

hadjoya, 

song in the firmament, 

in better timea ; . 
» there now, aboat the Eternal, 

proudly stand . 

men round ike throne j 

praise the Lofd 

with words and works, 



• jpojijcjiifca be^ kcbu cvideatly mteadcd as a traailatioa oifntar^pmin 



268 



C£DMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



3 ic in pite fceal* 

biban in b^nboin* 

J me hmttpan hfin- 

foji ofejih^bum* - 

iSfpe ne p£ne« 

ta him anbfpejuiban« 

feole 2&ftar« 

fpajite -J fynpille- 

pifle b^ojieme* 

]m uf jekSpbasft- - 

Vuph ly^e %Iime« 

)^ pe belenbe* 

bepan ne fcealbon- 

tnhce ]?e ftmm f iSu ahtejt:< 

allef jepalb* 

heopief "J eop^an- 

paqie balij job* 

fc^penb feolja* 

nu eajit tu eajim fceaSa- 

m ffji-lScha* 

pefte jebunben* 

pSnbef iSu iSuph pulboji- 

%»& ]ni populb ahtept;* 

alpa onpalb- 

^ p£ enjlaf mib "Sec* 

atol if 'pin onfeon- 

liabbaV pe aUe fpi* 

pop iSlnmn leapinpim* 

ly^pe jepepeb* ' 

fejbept; up to pdSe- 

f %fn punu paepe* 

meotob mon-cynnep* 

bapup tu nu m^pe pupel* 

ppa ppenpoUe- 

pacnum p^pbmn* 

heopa albop-^tepi* 



10 



and I in tonnent miut 
abide in bonda, 
and to myself a better home^ 
for my presumption, 
never hope/ 

Then him answered 
the horrid ghosts, 
swart and sinfiil, 
fvith tormeni shuddering r — 
'Thou taughtest us, 
through thy lying, 
that we the Saviour 
should not obey; [hadst 

ii seemed to thee alone that thou 
power of all, 

of heaven and earth ; - - 

wert the holy God, 
the Creator himself : 
Now art thou a poor wretch; ' 
in fire-bonds 

&8t-bound. [ry. 

Thou thoughtest, through thy glo- 
that thou the world heldest, 
sway over all, 

and we angels with thee :— 
horrid is thy aspect. 
Thus have we all, * 
for thy leasingSy * 
&red the worse : • 
thou saidest us for sooth, 
that thy son was 
Lord of mankind :— 
now hast thou great torment/ 

Thus the sinful, 
with factious words, 
their chief supreme 



CifiDMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



269 



unjieojibabcm* 
on ceapum cpboin* 
qujT heo apjibe* 
bpeamum beMlbe* 
hsjrban bjiyhtnef Ie<dit« 
pop opejthy^vaxk* 
Qpn p>plecen* 
hsjibon hym to hybte- 
Iielle-jltfjiaf • 
beojinenbe beflo* 
bUce bpoppin* 
fcinnan popfccpcoB* 
jteaSan bpeapfbon* 
eapme ae^lecan* 
jeonb f atole fcp?* 
fop Cam ftuneblan* 
^ bie i£p bpu2on:* 

II. 

Gfc peopbabe« 

oSpe pXe* 

feonba albop* 

psef 1^ foppopbt iji^n* 

feoS&n be iSef plcq*- 

p6pn jejiflbe* 

be fpeaptabe* 

Sonne be fppeocan on2an* 

fype 'J attpe* 

ne biS fpelc pejep bpelm* 

^nne be in pitum- 

p6pb inbpi^* 

ic paef lii in beopium* 

bah; enj^el* 

bpybtene beope* 

bcfbe me bpeam mib 2obe< 

micebie pop meotobe* 



addressed, 

with anxious speedies. 

Cbiist tbem ezpeDedy 

of bliss deprived ihemm 

Hkey bad the Lord's ligbt^ 

for their presumptioii, 

forfdted abofe, ' 

bad for tbdr bope 

the deptbs of bdl, 

bmning torments. 

Pale they wandered, 

transformed their beanty; 

outcasts thejf ranged, . 

poor wretdies, 

throogb tbat borrid den, 

for the arrogance 

wbicb tbey erst bad practised. 

n. 

Spake again, 

a second tim^ 

the prince of fiends | 

was then punished anew, 

wben be of tbat torment 

felt the force* - 

He blackened, 

wben be to speak bqpn, 

with fire and yenom : 

Such fair joy ii is not 

wben be in torments 

words expressed ^—> 

' I was once in beaven 

a boly angd, 

to the Lord dear, 

me joy possessed witb God, 

great before the Creator, 



270 



C£DMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



J iSeof menejo fpa fome* 

^ ic m mdbe* 

mliiiim hdjabe* 

f ic polbe topejipftn- 

polpej* leoman* 

beapn helenbej* • 

i^2jx me bupja 2epalb 

efll to sehce* * 

;i iSeof eajime heap* 

]w IC hebbe co helle* 

bimjelebbe- 

penc 26 f ticen pitol« 

-J paep^Su* . • 



and this many ako. 
Then I in my • 
mind thougfaty 
that I would overthrow 
thai beam of glory^ 
[215] /Ae child of God, 

gain me the sway of the celestial 
all. to my possession, [cities, 
and ye, poor band, 
IS that I have to hell 
led home,- 

ween ye that token manifest, ' 
and the curses 



m . 

. » 

m m 



ytL ic op-afealb pep* 

m&p unbep naefptp* 

m ^ne neoplan jpunb- 

nu ic eop hebbe to haeptum* 

him jepapbe. 

alle op eapbe* 

mp hep eabijep* tip* 

plonqia pm-pele* 

ne populbe bpeam- 

ne 8en2la Vpeat* 

ne pe up-heopon« 

i^jon ne moten* 

ip iSep itoH him* 

pfpe onaeleb* 

ic eom pah piS^ 2^^* 

6ce set belle bupu* 

bpacan eapb^aC* 



when I was delivered 

beneath, under the earth, 

into that pit profound* 

Now I have you to bonds 

led home, 

all from your habitation. 

Here is no glory of the blessed, 

nor joyous hall of the grand, 

no worldly delight, 

no angd-hosty 

no heaven above we 

may possess. 

Tins horrid home is 

frith fire scorched; - 

I am a foe to God. 

Ever at hell gate . 

dragons dwell. 



* Here sevcrtl lines are eridenUy wutiaf • 

^ Should probably be the gen. plar., eabis]is, like ploncjis. in tiie foDowiof 



CJEDHON S PARAPHRASE. 



271 



bate on jieSpe* 
heo uf helpan ne magon* 
If Sef palica him- 
plcef ftfyUeb- 
nijan pe &ef heoljftpef • 
j^ pe Af jehyban majoii* 
in %f)iim neoplan jenSpe* 
bip If nebpan fp^* 
pypmaf jepfinabe* 
If %if pftef dom* 
pefte jebnnben* 
peonb feonbon p&5e» 
bimme ^ beqjioe* 
ne beji baej lybceS* 
pop fcebef pdman** 
fceppenbef leobt* 
ifi ahte ic jepalb* 
eallef pulbpep • 

)^aep ic morte*^ 

# # • 



bot in spirity 
tbey ns may not bdp. 
Tbis woeful borne u 
witb toitoie filled. 
n^e possess not this eavem 
tbat vFe may bide na 
in tbis gloom profound* 
Here b tAe biss of 8eipcnt% 
a haunt of worms. - 
n Tbislnrndof tortnre 
18 fast-boonden, 
our foes arejlerce, 
dimanddaik. 
Here day ligbtetb not 
for the shade's gloom, 
the Creator's ligbt ! 
Once bad I power 
of aU glory, 
wberelnugbt 



m ^Seoffum atolan* 

aeSde jeblban* 

bpsec me bpibben job- 

blmanpiDe* 

F^jum on plqpa^* 

nu 10 p^pan com* 

beofla menejo* 

to Cijpim bimman him* 

ac ic fceal on fly2®« 

3 on jljbte iSpajum- 



in tbis borrid 

country bide; 

wbat to me Lord God 

will adjudge, 

on his glittering floor. 

Now I come leading 

a bost of devils, 

to tbis dim borne s 

but I sbaU flying, 

and fleeing, in /Recourse of time 



* My trmnalatioa of this line b foosdcd on the ooigcctiue, that for jdnaa 
ihonld rcid jaij«n« or a word of similar impoit. 

^ Here again aome linM are endeatly waatiag. 

* Apparentty an error for ^^c. 



272 



CiBDMOM^S PARAPHRASE. 



eajiba neofan* 

^ eqpep mi ]w* 

9ef opephybef • 

^b oQfralbon* . 

ne 9iqip>n pe Saef pSnan- 

f uf pulboji-cymiQ* 

i£j;pe pille* 

eapb alejan* 

eSel to aehte* .' 

fpa he ^]i bybe* i« 

{cue oopslb* 

ah him allef jepalb* 

pulbjief ;| pita* 

palbenbef pinu- 

poji^n ic fceal hein ^ eapm* 

hpeoppm %y plboji* 

piban ppaec-laftap • 

polbjie ben^meb* 

bu^aSiun bebeleb* . 

niSnipie bjieim 6guk» » 

uppe nub 8en2lam* 

yxf ^ ic aep jidCfxS* 

j» kc p»pe peolpa. 

fpaejlep bpytta* 

pihta pealbenb* 

ac hit him pypf^ jelomp* [216] 



III. 

opa pe pepeja jaj't* 
pdpbiim pebe* 
hip eipfoiSo- 
ealle setpomne* 
pahmpypnum* 
pyp-leoma pt6b* 
je^nb f atole pqiaep* 
attpe 2«hlonben* 



Undavisii, 

and of you more who 

of this proud deed 

formed the dengn. • 

This vFe may not hope, 

that ns Me King of glory 

everwiU 

a dwelling grant, 

a country in possession, 

asheerstdidy - 

eternal power; 

but sways over all . 

glory and punishments 

the Powerful's son, 

therefore mustl,humble andpoor,^ 

wander the further, — 

tread exile-steps, 

bereft of glory, 

of dignity deprived j 

no joy possess 

above with angels, 

because I once had said 

that I myself was 

heaven's Lord, 

Ruler of creatures/ — 

But it the worse to him befell. 

III. 

Thus the sprite accursed 
said in words' 
his woes, 
aU at mice^ - 
(Stidned with crimes, 
a fire-beam he stood) 
through that horrid den 
with venom blended :-^ 



CJEDMON'S PARAPHRASE. 



273 



ic eom liiii*jMU| tuiiim* 
f ic jelutian ne maej* 
on ^ynum jiban fele« 
jpynnnm poppanbob- 
hpseieji hk j cealb* 
hpflom meoepX^ 
hpflum ic 2chepe« 
helle poealciq** 
jnopmenbe c^im* 
jp^bap nudum- 
niiSep nnbep naejjum* 
hpflum nacobe men* 
pmnaiS* ymbe pjpmap* 
ip ^p pmbija pele* 
caD mnepeapb* • - 
acole jejyileb* 
ne mot ic luhtliqian- 
hdmq* bpucan* 
bup^a ne bolba* 
ne on ^a beophtan jepcaepc* 
ne mot ic aeppe m£« 
eajum ptapian- 
If me nu p^pae* 
f ic pulbpep leohc* 
iippe nub ei^lum* 
eppe cixSe- 
fonj on rpejle. 
)^aep puna meotobep* 
habbaV eabipie^ beapn* 
ealle ymbpan2en* 
feolpa nub panje- 
ne ic ^am paplum ne m6t« 
enipim fceSiSan- 
butan ]mm inum* 



!• 



' I am in my limba^ 
{so that I may not bend * 
in this wide hall^) 
wounded with nns. 
Both hot and cold 
sometimes mingle : 
sometimes I hear 
hell's ministers^ 
a wwlingraoet 
ihete gul& bemoaningj 
down in the deep abyss; 
sometimes naked men 
serpents wind loond. 
This windy hall is 
all within 
with horror filled ; 
I may not a more joyous 
home enjoy; 
towns nor jMilacfSj 
90 nor on the bright creation 
may I ever more 
gaze with my eyes. 
To me it is now worse 
that I the light of i^ory, 
up with angdi^ 
ever knew^ 

song in the firmament^ 
where the Creator^s Son, 
the blessed Chfld, have 
allendrcledy 
even myself with song« 
Souls I may not ' 
any injure^ 
save those alone 



* pinnaV seems to be an error for pmbtff. 

^ The ace masc ea»isne is here singaUrly applied to the neutrr sbhet hieejiii^ 

T 



274 



CiEDMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



]i6 he td-a^an nj^le* 

* * !* 

yi ic m6c to haejztum* 

him jfifejaan* 

hpinjan to bolbe* 

in ]H>ne bitepan jpdnb- 

ealle pe fynbon* 

tinjelice* 

]K>ime ]^ pe lii in heojM>niim< 

haefbon sejipop* 

phte ;| peopiSm^t* 

pd ope pulbpef • 

bpohton to beapme* 

beajm haelenbep • 

)^aep pe ymb hine titan* 

ealle hopm* 

leomu ^b leopie- 

Itff-fon^a p4pb« 

bpihtne faebon* 

nil ic eom b^um pSh* 

2epunbob mib pommnm* 

fceal nu yfpxe pltep dom* 

beojian beojmenbe* 

in baece mSnnin* 

hit on helle* 

hyht-pillan leaf • 

yn, jyt peola cpibe* 

jdjina hepebe* 

atol ae^laeca* 

At op helle* 

pitum pep^* 

popb fpeapcmn pleah* 

attpe jelioort* 

)K>ime he 6t ]mph-bpi]p« 

eala bpihtenep ]>p^* 

^ala bujaSa helm* 



10 



that he irill not dum ; 

those I may as captives 

lead home, 

bring to my habitation 

in the bitter gulf. 

We are all 

unlike to what we were, 

when we once in heaven 

had erst 

beauty and dignity. 

Full oft of glory 

they in their bosoms brought 

the Saviour Cluldy 

where we, round about him, 

aU ndsed, 

round his loved limbs, 

the pndse-songs' words, 

to the Lord said thenu 

Now I am stidned by deeds, 

wounded with crimes ; 

now must / thb bond of torment 

bear burning 

on my back, 

hot in hell, 

of hope devoid*' 

Then yet in speech his many 
crimes he lauded, 
the fell miscreant 
out of hell, 
with torments weary. 
7%e words flew in sparks 
likest to venom. 
Then he exclaimed :-^ 
' O majesty of the Lord ! 
O Ftotron of the good ! 



CJEDMON'S PARAPHRASB. 



275 



10 



eala meotobef nuht* 

eala imbban*eajib* 

eala bae^-leohta* 

eala bjie<m jobef • 

eala enjia ^pe&:« 

eala uji-heopm* 

eala f ic eim eallef Ie<f • 

£can bjietfmef • 

f ic mib hanbum ne maej* 

heop>D ^cpikan* 

ne mib eajum ne mdc. 

upldoan* 

nehujiu mib eijium ne fcefl- 

dBfjie 2eh£]ian« 

]wpe byphteftan- [ ^H ] 

b^man jrepie* 

S»f ic polbe Of felbe* 

pinu meotobef* 

bjuhcen abjilfan« 

-J iffLa me )^asf bpeamef jepalb* 

pulbpef ^ pynne* 

me )^aep pypfe 2clamp- 

}H>nne ic to hibte* 

djan mofte* 

nu ic-eom apceiben* 

fpam ]>aspe pcfpan bpiht* 

abSbeb ppam leohte* 

m ^ne liian him* 

ne mae; ic f ^eluc^an* 

hu ic m Caem becpdm* 

m )^ip neople 2^nip* 



« 



O might of /i&e Creator 1 

O mid-earthi 

O light of day 1 

O joy of God! 

Ohostofangekl 

O heaven above! 

O that I am bereft of all 

eternal joy! 

that I may not with my handa 

the heaven reach, 

nor with my eyes may 

upward look, • 

nor even vnih my ears shall 

ever hear 

the brightest 

trumpet's voice, 

because from his throne I would 

the Son of the Creator, 

the Lord, drive down, [that joy 

and for myself acquire power of 

glory and delight 1 

Then worse befell me 

than I in expectation 

might entertain; 

now I am sundered 

frtmi that Snght band, 

led frt>m the light 

into this loathsome hom^ 

nor may I that call to mind 

how I came in it, 

into this dark profound. 



mib f^nnum pfli*^ 
apoppen op populbe< 
fit }c f nti ysL* 

tS 



with sins polluted, 
cast from the worid. 
Yet now know I this. 



276 



C£DMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



f biS aUef leap 

iean bpeamef • 

fe iSe heoj^n-cyninje* 

hepan ne )Hsnce8. ' 

meotobe qTeman* 

ic f mopVpe* fceal* 

fein "J pita* 

"J ppace bpeogan* 

2^ba bebiileb* 

lii-baebam pfli* 

^aep iSe ic 2e]K>Iite abpfpmt* 

bpihten op pelbe* 

peopoba palbenb* . 

pceal nu ppec-laftap- 

pettan pophj-ceapij- 

piBap^pIbe:- 

IV. 

)>peapp ^a to helle* 
yai he jjAineh paep* 
jobep anbpaca*. 
by bon hip pn^I^ti^ TT^^ • 

}^ bi; 2ob bebpap- 
m f bate bop* 
]»am ip bel nama- 
pop yan ]*cea1 jebycjan- 
badeSa s^bp^k* 
f be ne abaebje*' 
beapn palbenbep* 
bete bun to b^e* 
bu ^a bUcan peonb* 
pop opepbys^nm* 



tbat mil be void of all 
deligbt eternal, 
be wbo beaven'a King ' 
tbinketb not to obey^ 
the Creator to propitiate. 
Ij for ibis deadly sin, must 
woe and torments 
and exile suffer, 
of good deprived, 
10 stained witb tny former deeds, 
because! tbougbt to drire 
the Lord from Ait throne, 
the Ruler of boats : 
now sball /exile-steps 
sorrowing tread, 
wide joumeyings/ • 

IV. 

TWned then to bell, 

wben be was condemned, 

the denier of God : 
s» so did bis followers 

grasping and greedy, 
. wben them Grod drove 

into that hot abode ' 

whose name is hell. 

Therefore must be mindful 

every man 

tbat be anger not 

the Powerful's Son, 

let &e to him an example, 
ao bow the pale fiends, 

for their presumption. 



• The context icemt to reqoire >ax mopVjier. 

^ MS. sod Jon. jit^j. 

c In MS. jome etaadi as a (lots over this word. 



C^DMON'S PARAPHRASE. > 



277 



eallc poppupbon* ^ 

• - • 

neoman up to pynne* • * 
peopoba bpihtxn* 
upne icne jepein* 
enjJtBL palbeub* 

f lie maejen-cpaejjb haepbe* 
mihta rnicde* 
}^ he ]Fa maenejo abpip* 
lueptap op iSaem hein pelbe* io 
jemunan pe ^ne bal^^ui bpiht^en^ 
^cne in polbpe* 

mib alpa jepcepta* 

• # • . 

ceofan up eapb in pulbpe« 

mib ealpa cyninja cyninse- 

pe ip cpift jen^mneb* 

beqian dn bpeoptum* 

bkSe je^htap* 

pbbe "5 piycepo* 

jemunan jSS ^ piht- » 

]K}iine pe to heh-felbe* 

hn^pin ]leDca%* 

3 lH>ne alpalban* 

£pa bibban* 

^nne behopa%« [ ^^^ ] 

fe iSe hep punaS* 

peopulbe pynnum* 

f him phte pcfne* - 

J^onne he olSep lSp« 

ejx jepfcdS* . aa 

mj'cele paejpe lanb* 

}H>nne ]^p p>lbe* 

peo ip* phtij 3 p^r*"?' 
paejrmap fcinaC* 

* Orer jco ij Ae word Jwji is wrinea 



an perished* 

Xel u$ take to ua in delight 
YAeLotdofhostBy 
eraltfd ereilasting joy, 
the angeb' Rider. 
He that wthmWi manifest 
that he had mighty 
great powerSy 
when he tliat many drove 
captives from the lof^ seat. 
JWaj^we remember the holy Lord^ 
eternal in i^ory, - 
of an creatures^ 



choose ns o dwelling-plao^ • 

with of an kings /Ae Kin^ ^ 

who Christ is named; 

bear in <iur breasts * 

blithe thooghtSy 

peace and wisdom ^ . • 

may we remember sooth and right, 

when we to the high thnme 

to bend design, 

and the AU-powerfuI 

pray for benefits, 

when it Kim behoveth ' 

who here dweUeth, - 

in the world's joys, . - 

that may to him in beauty shine, 

when he another life 

shaU seek hereafter, 

aland&irer 

than this earth, 

where beauteous and winsome ; 

fruits slunc^ , 

ia the MS^ cither as a corrcctioB or a gloss. 



278 



C£DHON*S PARAPHRASE. 



beophte opqi buppun* 
^aeji If bjiibe lonb* 
hybdiqia him- 
in heofon-jifoe* 
cpifte jecpemjia- 
uton <ce)i]ian ]iibep* 
Jwji he ryl ja jvct 
PZOjOk palbenb* 
bjuhten haelenb* 
in &sm beojian h^* 
•J fmb f heh-red* 
bpfce ftanbaS* 
enjlapeSan. 

^ eabigP^** 

bailee beopen-^peacar* 

bejU2aS bjubten* . 

pdpbum 3 peopcum* 

heojia pbte fcineS* 

2eonb ealjia pojiulba populb* 

nub pulbop-cyninse ;•. 

V. 

Da ^et ic pipiSop jei^e^eii* 

peonb^ onbe&an* 

paep bim eall pil p^panj* 



brigbtly around. 

There is a apadoua land, 

a home more joyoaa 

in heaven's kingdom^ 

to Christ more grateful. 

Let us tarn thither, 

where he himself sitteth, 

the trimnphant Ruler, 

tie Saviour Lord. 

In that dear home, 

and around the throne, 

stand white 

hosts of angels, • ^ 

and of the blessed, 

holy heavenly bands 

pndseM^Lord, > 

in words and works, 

their beauty shineth 

over the world of all worlds 

with the King of glory. 

V. 

Then, as I have further learned, 

the fiends confessed, 

(was to them aU too strong 



pom 3 pitn* 
haejrbon pulbop-cymn;* 
pop opephisbum* 
fcipoplaeten» 
cpaebon ept hpaSe- 
ofpum ptfpbmn* 
nu ip ^epene* 
f P« jep^nxobon* 



their dread and torments : 
they had the King of glory, 
in their pride, 
forsaken.) 

Agun they quickly spake, 
in other words :— 
'Now tYis seen, 
that we have sinned 



• MS. and Jnnioiy cabi^e. 

^ For fcon>9Lj, as at p. 265^ 1. 16.*-MS. and 



\, pcooba. 



« • 



CfDMON'S PARAPHRASE. 



279 



uppe on eajibe* 
fceolon nu aejrpe ^f • 
bpeo3an btfrnleape -^efom* 
bpihtnef mihtaiQ* 

hpaet pe in jnilbpef plice* 

• 

punian moj-Mn* • 
^aep pe haljan jobe- 
hepan polbon* 
^ bun fan; ymb felb« 
fec^an fceolbon* 



la 



Jnifenb-madnm* 

]w pe y«ji punobon on pynnum< 

jehepbon polbpef fpej* 

beman jl?epie* 

bypht-pdpb ap<f • 

enjia opb-j^uma* 

3 to )^em aej^elan* 

hnijan hun pear- 

jije-topht api^* 

€ce bpihten* » 

opep Ap jeptdb. 

;] 2ebIetpobe« 

bilepitne heap* 

bo^pa 2€bpilcne* 

J hip pe beopa punu- 

japta pcyppenb* 

job peolpa paep* 

eallum anbpenj* 

'pe %asp up beoom* 

J hine on eopSan- so 

i6p jelepbe* 

]?a &ep op]?uIite* 

f pe ]»eoben p«p» 

pqianj 'j ptiVmdb- 

onjan ic ]ya pteppan popiS* 



above in our abod^ 

for whidi tve now shall ever 

wage powerless war 

with the Lord's migfat. 

Yes I we in glory's splendour 

might have dwel^ 

where we the holy God 

m^htprais^. 

and song about kit throne 

should utter 

by thousands. 

Then we there dwelt in bliss, 

heard the sound of gloiy, 

the trumpet's voice. 

27le Bright of word aroec^ 

the Creator of angdi^ 

and to the mu&trious 

the saints prostrated themselves ; 

triumphant rose 

the Lord eternal, , 

stood over us, 

and blessed 

the meek assemblage, 

each day; 

and his dear Son, 

the Creator of spirits, 

was himself God, 

grateful to aD, 

who there came up, , 

and who himself <m earth 

had erst delivered* 

Then /took it in, 

that the Lord was 

strong and stern of mood ; 

then began I to step forth 



280 



C£D3I0N*S PARAPHRASE. 



<iia piS enjlum* 

3 to him eaUum fppaec* 

ic can eop b£pan* [219] 

lanjfumne paSb* 

pf pe pillaV mfn]ie« 

mihce jelefan* 

utan ofephycjan* 

helm )H>ne micclaa* 

pepoba palbenb* 

&ffji up ]>if pulbjiep leohc* lo 

eaU to aehte* 

jnp ip ***^ xy^p* 

f pe ifji^u^on* 
ealle bpile* 

VI. 

Da jepeajif upc* 
j^ pe polbon ppi* 
bjuhten abjilpan* 
Of {mm beopan him* 
cynm; op ceptpe* 
cii8 ip pfbe* 
f ppec-laptap. 
puman moton* 
2pmime jp^obap- 
job peolpa him* 
pfce halbeC* 
he ip ^a cr^mnj- 
Jie up eoppe jepeapS- 
£ce bpihten* 
meotob mihtum ppilc* 
pceal nu ]yeop menejo hep* 
hcjan on leah^um* 
pume on 1;^ pcacan* 
pleqjan opep polban* 
pyp bi)S j^mbutan* 



« 



alone among the angels^ 

and to them aD spake : — 

' I can give yon 

lasting counsel, 

if ye will in my 

power beliere. 

Let us despise 

the great Supreme 

Ruler of hosts, . 

gain to us thb light of glory 

aU into our possesdon; 

this is idle vaunt 

that we have before endured 

MihU 



VI. 

Then tY befell us, 

that we would thus 

the Lord drive out 

from the dear homes, 

the King from his dty. 

Wide is tY known 

that our exile-steps 

must seek 

the grim abyss. 

God himself 

holdeth the empire, 

he alone is King 

who hath become angry with 

the Lord eternal, 

the Creator, in power so great. 

Now must this many here 

lie in their crimes} 

some flit in air, 

fly over earth. 

Fire is around 



CiBDMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



281 



on aejbpylcam* 

^h he uppe peo* 

ne m6c he ]>am faplum- 

]>e iSaeji j^caB up* 

eabije oj: eopj^an* 

8§fpe 2eh]ilnaii» * 

ah ic be hbnbum mdc«» 

hzspehjie fceal** 

2plpan to jji^be* 

jobef anbfacan* lo 

pime fceolon hpeojijan* 

jeonb haele& lanb* 

^ ^pbbe* 

ops onjtyjuan* 

monna mae^Sum* 

jeonb mibban-eapb* 

ic hep 2e]H>han fceal* 

J^inja aejhpylcef • 

biqief in iSaef beahi jnopnian^ 



on every one ; • 

though he be on lugh, 

he may not the souls 

that there tend upward, 

the blessed from the earth, 

ever touch ; 

but with my hands I may 

the heathen knaves 

snatch to perditio^, 

the deniers of God : 

some shall wander 

over the land of men, . 

and discord 

oft stir up 

to the tribes of people 

throughout mid-earth. 

I here must forfeit 

every things 

bitterly in these miseiies mouniy 



peoc ;j fophful* 
'pdsy ic feolpi peolb> 
]K>Qne ic on heo]X>num< 
h£m fta'Selobe* 
hpaeSep uf fe £ca* 
sefpe pile* 
on heofona pice* 
him al^jam* 
eSle* to aehte*^ 
fpa he 8§p bybe* 



sick and sorrowful, * 

because I myself would sway, 

when I in heaven 

had a home established. 

Will the Eternal 

ever us — 

in heaven's kmgdom 

allow a home, 

a country in possession, 

asheerttdid?' 



• This word is evidently incomplete ; it shonld be a suVstantiTe^ gorencd hf 
the woid ijtipan 2 perhaps the poet wrote hK>ene xcealcsr, which wosM accovd 
with the line in apposition, sobej anbjacan^ as well as with the whole contest. 

^ This line is certainly corrupt : pcihaps we should read bitpe la >aj bcshi 
snojinian. The second line of die couplet is wanting. 

« Apparently an error for eVcL 



282 



CJBDMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



10 



fpa piojinebon* 
3obef anbfacao* 
hite on helle* 
him pKf haelenb 2ob« 
fpaS jepopben* 
p)p pom*€pibum* 
]:op]K>n maej jehycjan- 
j-eSe hif heojite beab- 
f he him apjipe* 
jrpecne 2e]K>hcaf • 
U& leahtpaf • 
lipjenbpa 2®bpylq* 
jemmian fymle on m^be* 
meotobef jtjienjBo* 
jeappan uf toj^nef • 

up to enjlum* 

ymji If fe aelmihtija jpb* 

J af bepelSman pile* 

fpeo-beapn "ffAyef* ao 

PF pe ^ on eop^San* 

i§p 2c]wQca%« 

1 up to Jam haljan. 

heipe jdepaS* 

]K>nne he up no poplaeteiS* 

ah lip pyleiS* 

uppe mib enjium* 

eabipie bpeam* 

tSBceS np pe tophta- [220] 

tpnmhcne h^* a 

beophce baph-peallap* 

beophte pcfnaS* 

Sepebje paple. 

poppim bebiHbe* 

Jwp heo »ppe pop€* 

punian mocen* 



Thus lamented 

the deniers of God^ 

hot in hell; 

with them was the Sayiour God 

become wrothj 

for their evil sa]rings : 

wherefore should be mindful 

he whose heart is good, 

that he banish from him 

wicked thoughts, 

loathsome sins : 

every one liidng 

remember ever in mind 

the Creator's strength, 

prepare before ourselves 

a green path - - 

to the angels above, 

where is the almighty God, . 

and us wiU embrace 

the beloved Son of Grod, 

if we that on earth 

erst meditate, 

and ourselves to the Holy 

for help resign ; 

then will he not desert us, 

but will give us life, 

up with angels, 

blessed joy. 

The Illustrious will assign us 

a more stable home; 

the bright burgh- walla 

brightly shine, 

the happy souls 

from cares are parted, 

where they evermore 

may possess 



C^DM0N*8 PARAPHRASE. 



283 



uton cy]nui ^aec** 

beman pe on eoptan* 

aeppop lipjenbon- 

lucan nub hfcom- 

locen psdbenbef • 

onjeocan ^ajtrlioe* 

uf onjean alma's* 

Jnijpenb enjla* 

pjr ^ibeji mocon* 

3 ^ on eopSan* 

i£p jei.>T»ca«. 

]pop|K>n pe bfS eabi2« 

peSe aejfpe pile- 

min Ofephj'cjen* 

meotobe cpeman* 

jynne abpsepcan* 

fpa he rylpi q«f8- 

fdSpejte men* 

pmnan 2dice* 

paejpe 2e]:]i8ecepob* 

m heojia p&bep-jiice* 

fcinaS m fcelb-by]U2* 

]^ji heo fceppenb* 

feolf bepeSmeS* 

pebep man-cynnef • 

ahepeS holbhce* 

m heoponep leohc* 

^ji heo nub pulbop-cymnje 

puman moton* 

apa to albjie* 
• • • 

djan bjie£ma bpeim* 
niib bpihcne jobe* 



cities and lungly throne. 

Liei us thai proclaim. 
Judge we an earth 

to the earlier living, 

lock with tnwwledge 

the Powerfurs safwtuary, 

understand spiritually, 

towards us shall come 

a thousand angels, 
10 if we thither may proceed, 

and what on earth 

we ere do.... 

Therefore he shall be blessed 

who will ever 

wickedness despise, 

his Creator please, 

extinguish sin, 

as he lumself hath said. 

Just men, 
so like unto the sun, 

fairly adorned, 

in their Father's kingdom^ 

shall shine in the sheltering citj, 

where them the Creator 

will himself embrace, 

the Father of mankind 

will kindly raise 

into heaven's light, 

where with /Ae King of glory they 
30 may dwdl 

throughout an ages, 

possess joy of joys 
with the Lord God, 



• From this line to line 13, I have lendeicd the Soxoo words into Engliih 
accurately as I couUI» but regret my iaabiltty to make them iateUigtUe. 



284 



CiEDM0N*8 PARAPHRASE. 



£ CO populbe< 
ibuton enbe; 



for cvtnaofttp 
without end. 



VII. 

6ila hpaet fe apypjba* 
ppa'Se 2«]H>hte* 
j^ he heojxn-cymo^e* 
hejian ne polbe* 
jsebep j:jie]:eji2enbum« 
jddp attpe peol* 
hat unbep haejituiii* 
hpeopan beojla- 
pibe jconb pinb-jpele* 
pea-cpaneboD* . 
mixk ^ mop'Sup* 
paep iSaep* menejo j^aep* 
fpylce OQseleb* 
pep )l eall pull ftiion;* 
^onne p»f heopa albop* 
ye %8sp iSpept c6m* 
popt on pej^an* 
paefte 2cbunben* 
pypc :j Mje. 
)^ psep jaepthc ^peat* 
ec fceolbon hip l^epiaj* « 
]^8qi jcpoman* 
atolan eSlep* 
nallep up ^anon* 
jehepan in heoponum* 
hahpie bpeam* 
^aep heo opt pejepne* 
poljaC haepbon* 
uppe mib enjlum* 
paepon ytL allep y»p* 



10 



vn. 

Alasj that the accursed om 

fiercely resolved 

that he hearen'a King 

would not obey^ 

the comforting Father ! 

7^e floor with Tcnom boiled^ 
hot amid the bonds 

ft 

of the fierce devils. 
Wide through the windy hall 
they wailed woefully 
their crimes and wickedness. 
Was the many there 
as if annealed. 
That was aU most rigid. 
Then was their chief 
who first came thither, 
forth in the phalanx, 
fast bound 
with fire and flame. 
That was a stubborn band : 
eke must his followers 
there inhabit ' 
the gloomy land ;* 
nor up from thence 
hear in heavoi 
holy harmony, 
where they oft a fair * 
tndnhad 

above mth angels : 
they were then, for all this. 



• Apparently sn error of the scribe for jco. 



CiBDBION^S PARAPHRASE* 



285 



jdba leape^ 
ah nyiD]ie 
punian [ne]* moteii* 
J )K)ne pepijan fek* 
l^aeji If pom ^ p^* 
pibe jehejieb* 

3 2nojmiui3e ]neQ^> 



▼Old of good; 
but, save the abysfy 
they may not inhaln^ 
and that dire hafl^ • 
where honor and waDing 
heard afitfj 
and teeth-gnaslungy • 
and men'a groani. 



10 



[S21] 



nabhaiS pe to hyhte* 
n^m]ie cyle j fyp* 
pein J plea* 
-•} pypma j^jieafc* 
bjiacan j naebbpan* 
J l^one bunman him* 
fojiiSon mihte jehejian* 
fe%e aet hylle p«f • 
cpelf mflum neh* 
f teji paep t69fL jeheap* 
hlfibe "J jeomjie* 
^obep anbfacan* 
hpeojiptn jeonb helle* 
h&ce oniSleb* 
ufan ^ utan* 
him paep seshpsep p£« 
pitum pejuge*^ 
pulbjief bepcypcbc. 
bpeammn bebflllbe* 
heo]x>n beop jehyjb* 
|?a heo on heop>num« 



* I bare here insetted the ncgathre, 
•cribe. 
. ^ Here icreral Unet seem to be waatiBf • 



We hare nought in hope^ 

save diill and fin^ 

woe and tonnent^ 

and a swarm of serpents - 

dragons andvipers, 

and this dim home! 

Yerily he might hear 
who to hell was 
twelve miles near^ 
that there was teeth-grinding 
loud and moomfal. 
God's deniers 
wandered throogh helj^ 
scorched with heat 
above and without. 
To them on every side was woe, 
with torments weai}^ 
bereft of gloiy^ 
of joys deprived. 
They had deep connsel raised, 
when they in heaven 

has eridently been omittid bj the 



286 



C^DMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



him ftsSeloboo* 

p hie polbon benrfiiiani 

nepjenbne qujt* 

pobejia jifcef • 

all be on juhc jelieolb* 

bijieb Iieop>iia* 

^ f halije felb* 

nif luSni; jpa ptocoji- 

ne fpa cpaepoj- 

ne y^ fpa jleap- 

nym^ 2^ jeolja* 

p ai^eejan niKje* 

jpeglef Ie6inan» 

bn jiumu* J'^* 

fdneiS ymbacan- 

meot»bef mibte* 

jeonb f maepe cjnii* 

y«jk babbat en^bf • 

eabijue bjieam* 

ranctar pi»Sa«. 
)^ If feolpi pop jjob* 

]K>ime beolS J^a eabijan^ 
]w op eop]mn crnnaS*^ 



10 



a borne would fix, 
that tbey wonid bereave 
the Saviour Cbrist 
of the beavena' Idngdom ; 
but be rightly swayed 
the host of heaven, 
and the holy throne. 

There ia none so wise, 
nor so cunning', 
nor 80 far skilful, 
save God himsrlf^ 
that he may tdl 
the rays of the firmament, 
bow the sun there 
shineih around, 
through fA^ Lord's might, 
over that great rao^ 
where angels have 
harmony drvio^ 
saints sing, 

that ia before God himself. 
Then shall be the blessed 
who come from earth 



bpin^a'S to beapme* 
blojxman pocaoef* 
pjpte p^pime* 
f fynb p6pb jober* 
]K>nne bie bejaeSmeiS* 
paebep man-cynnef • 
3 bie sepesnaC. 



bring in their bosoms 
blossoms of fragrance^ 
winsome plants. 

These are the words of God, 
when he shall embrace them, 
the Father of mawlfind, 
and shall bless them ; 



• Ad error or oomiptioa for junne. 

^ Hert it monifctUy a considerable hiatus in the sense, tboogh not in tlie MS. 



b^^ 



«Miw«aftM&a 



ti^rnm 



irnrtiiiin 



^titmmiitam 



CiEDMO:t*S PARAPHRASE. 



287 



mib hif fpitjian honb* 
IxbariS colihce* 
yxji hi Iff ijon* 
i to albjie* 
^phcne him* 
beophtne buph-ftebe- 
blaeb bi8 aejhpaem* 
]wm iSe haelenbe* 
hejum ]miioe8» 
3 pel If ^am* 
'5e f mdc:* 

vni. 

paef f encjel-cyn* 



to 



with his right hand 

shall to light lead ihem, 

where they ahaQ have life 

for evermore^ 

an abode aablime, 

a bright dwelliiig-plaoe. 

GHory shall be to every one 

who the Savioar 

shall be mindful to obqr, 

and well is il to them 

who that may. 

vra. 

The angel laoe 
erst named: 



lucifeji hacen* 
leohc-bepenbe* 
on jeaji-bajum* 
mjpbef pice* 
]^ he m pulbpe* '- 
ppohce ooftalbe* 
f he ojrephyba* 
djan polbe* 
facanuf fpeapce* 
jefohce* f he polbe< 
on heo)x>num* 
heh-felb fypcan* 
uppe nub ]mm ecan- 
^ paef ealbop heopa* 



Lucifer calledy 
Light-bearings 
in former daysj, 
in God's kingdom. 

Then he in Au glory 
raised strife 
that he p r eennnencea 
might possess. 
Satan darUy 
sought, that he mighty 
inheayen, 
a throne establish 
above with the EtemaL 

That was thdr chirf. 



* Here U manifctUy aa hiatm in the pocn* 

^ MS. ind Jonitts se>ohctw bat the sUiterstioa rridcnlly reqaircs sexohrtw 



288 



.CiEDMON*S PARAPHRASB. 



5]3elef opb-fpntna*- ' 

him f epc jehpeap* 

^ he CO belle* 

Im^jaii fceolbe* 

J hiy hijieb nub lune* 

Into 2^Ubaii« 

neji^enbef wX* 

J no feo'S^San* 

^ hi moften m j^one ^can 

anbplican^- 

baton enbe* 

]Fa hun ejja becom* 

b^e foji b^man* 

^a he bujrn in helle* 

bjiaec ^ be^be* 

bhf peapiS monnum* 

yn, hi haelenbef • 

heapob jepapon* 

)K>nne paep ]^am atolan 

]ie pe flfiji n^mbon* * 



10 



[222] 



the author of evil : 

he rued it afterwards^ 

when he to hell • 

must sink, 

and his crew mth him 

fan into 

the Preserver's hate, 

and from thenceforth 

that they might not on the Eternal 

look^ 

for evermore. 

Then dread came over them 
at the thunder before their Judge, 
when he the doors in hell 
brake and bent. 
Bliss was to men, 
when they the Saviour's 
visage saw. 

Then was to that fell one, 
whom we ere named 



y^ pejion mib ejjan* 
eaUe apyphte* . 
pfbe jeonb pmb-fele* 
p6pbum nuenbon* 

yif If mionjiic* ^ 

nn yef fcojim becom< 
l^en nub J^peate* 
]?eoben engla* • 
him bejpojian p6peiS* 
pe^ejie leohc* 
)K>nne pe dCfpe ftji* 
eapim s^fapon^ 



Then with dread were 

all affrighted, 

wide through the windy hall 

moaned in words : — 

' This is awful : 

now hath this storm overwhelmed 

chieftain and followers. 

It is the Lord of angels, 

before him goeth 

a fairer light 

then we ever ere 

saw with eyes. 



• MS. and Jnnhu oji^fjiimian* 

^ inb^hran aceins to be an cnor for onplfcan. 

c Here U evidently another klatna of some lines.. 



CiBDMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



289 



bu&on )^ pe nub en^Iani^ 
uppe pKjum* 
pile nfi upe pica* 
yuflh hif pulbpef quejpe* 
eall copeoppan* 
116 %f egit com* 
byne jiop bpihcne* 
rceal.^f bpeopja heap* 
QDjeapa nd* 
atol j^popian* 
hic If i^ feolpa- 
piiDu palbenbef • 
enjla bpiheen* 
pile uppe heonan- - 
fapla liSban* 
^ pe peoSSan <• 
faep yppe peopcep- 
heniSo 2e)K>Iia%» 
hpeapf YdL 00 beUe* 
hsle^ beapnum* 
nieocob ]niiih mihte- 
polbe manna pim* 
fda, ^upenba- 
popiS 2elaeban» 
ap to eSle* 
^a com enjla ppe;* 
byne on baejgieb- 
baepbe bpibcen peolp- 
peonb opeppobcen* 
paep peo paeb'Se j^a "gjft* 
open on ubtan- 
ya pe ejpa becom* 
lee ya uppapan* 
eabi^e piple- 
abdmep cyn- 

V 



sayewbenmirithangeb - 

^rere on bigh* 

Now will ht our torments, 

through bis glory's power, 

all dissipate. 

Now this dread hath come, 

thunder before Me Lord, 

must this dreary band 

suddenly now 
IS snffinr terror. 

It is he himself, 

the Powerfiil's Son, 

the Lord ci angels ; 

he will up from hence 

lead souls, 

and we ever after, 

for this work of wrath, 

shall suffer punishment.' 
Went then to beD, 
» for the children of-men, ' 

the Lord, through his might : . 

he would of men a number, 

many thousands, 

lead forth, 

up to their heavenly country. - 
* Then came the sound of angelst^ 

thunder at dawn : • 

the Lord himself had 

the enemy overcome, 
30 the tear/are was a$ yet 

open at early mom ; :. ^ 

then the terror seized them. 
He let then ascend 

the blessed souls, 

the race of Adam ; . . 



290 



CiEDHON*S PARAPHRASE; 



3« ne mofte €fe {ra ^yt* 
plltao in pulbpe^* 
rf]i heo p^bam cfseS* 
ic ]ie iSne abealh* 
£ce bp]h)?en* 
y^k pit i^bam tpft** 
eaplef ]^boQf 
]niph naebbpaa niS* 
jpa pit na ne pceolbon* 
jelflSpbe nncje atoU*. 
jeSe aej^ie nd« 
beopneS on benbnm* 
^ pit blaeb ah^n* 
halipie him* ... 
beofon to jepalb®* 
]^a pit &er ap9ep2i>aQ* 
pdpbmn jelypbon* . 
namon nub hanbum* 
on yam hal;^ tpeo* 
beophte blaeba* 
line ^sej* bitepe pop;^^* 
^ pit, in yif bite rqiaep* 
bpeoppan pceolbon- 
^ pmtpapbn* 
piinian peqiS^San* 
^upenba peolo* 
]>eaple oiueleb* . 
nil ic ye h/ip^e* 
heofon-plcep peapb* 
pop ^an bipebe* 
ye iSa bibqi laebbejr • 



but Eve might not as yet ' 

on glory look, 

ere she said in words :— 

■* I alone angered thee^ 

Lord eternal ! 

when we two^ Adam and I, 

of ike apple ate, . 

through the serpent's malice^ 

as we should not. 

Taught US the baleful one^ 

he who ever now • 

shall bum in bonds, 

that we might bliss enjoy, 

a holy home;, . 

heaven in our power;. 

Then we the Accursed*a 

words believed,. 

took with our hands, 

on the holy tre^ . 

the bright fiiut; 

for this Ae bitterly requited ns, 

when we into this hot den 

were forced to go, 

and a number of winters 

dwell there afterwards, 

many thousands, 

severely burned. 

Now I beseech thee;, 

Ghiardian of heaven's kingdom, 

by the train 

that thou hast hither led. 



• The context reqnim the tabttitatio& of scfor ")• 
^ Appvently an error of the scribe for intoeji, in the accntative. 
< This is an Islandic idiom ; tee Rask'i Islandic Granunar, p. 22S, Stockholm 
Edition. 



i^^MUMiflaMaAiMAi&BiliiMMiMiydMlflMkiitiaaih 



-liirfn^ifi 



riMiJ^i^ 



CiEDATON^S PARAPHRASE. 



:291 



enjla j^peafcq** 
^ ic up heonon* 
maeje ^ md&e* 

mib minpe maesSe* 

• • • 

• # • ' 

J pnb ]^peo mht com 
yergsa haelenbef • 

Mm M belle* 

• • • 

• • • 



• 



hosts of angd% 
that I up from hence 
can and may, 

myldndied ' 



and after three nighta cam€ 
the Savioor's munster " 
home to heU, 



If nd hmptam jftpon;* 

pitumpeju^* 

fpylce him polbop-c^mj* 

poji onmsblan* 

eoppe jepopben* 



10 



is now firm in bondfl|y 

with torments weary, 

as if inth him the King of glorj^ 

for Aj!f presumptioDy 

had been wroth* 



fcjbeji: uf to f6Se* 
f te feolpi 2^* 
polbe bd-papnm* 
him jebhtan. 
apif y^ inpa 2dipylc< 
J ytS eapm jfijdec^* 
hleonabe ytfS banba* 
^ah h^Ile jp^e* 



[223] 



' Thau saidest to us in sooth, 
that God himself 
would to bell's inhabitants ' 
home descend.* * ' 

Arose then every oh^' 
and on Air arm rested, - 

leaned on Au hands : 

though hell's horror 



^ • # 



* Here is a considerable biatat in the poem. 

^ Junius has most nnacconntably aHered this iroid to sQiecu fonning with 
the preceding word a compound, cajun^jiec; which Lyc^ dting tiie plaec^ ia» 
terprets wrm-rtaek^pr^jtttM hraekiu The poet's btention is evidently to dcsoribo 
the postore of the captives in hdl, whei^ oppressed with chua^ they 
Toured to rise at the entrance of the Sttviooiw . . 



29S 



.Ci£DMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



ejef lie ^uhi 
pfepon ealle ^f* 

jaejen in pjumxn* 

m m m 



dreadful seemed, 
ihey were all for thia 
glad in their sufferings^ 



f heopa bpihcen* 
polbe hun to helpe< 
heUe jefecan* 



that their Lord 
would for their help 
seekhelL . 



paehte fh mib hanbum* 

to heoj^n-cynin^e* 

basb meotob mikre* 

]niph mapian h&b* 

hp»t ^a pjiam minpe bohcop 

bpihten onp6ce* 

in nubban-jeapb. 

mannum to heipe* 

nfi if*jefene. 

f ISu eapt jylpi 2^* 

ice opb-]fpuina» 

ealpa jefcafta:* 

VIIIL 

Let fti upjapan* • 
ece bpihten* 
pulbpe heefbe* 
ptef clomma** 
feonbum o8pejt?eb» 
*} heo pip^p fceap* 
in f neople j^i^P* 
neappe 2^be2eb* 
^aep nil jatanuf « 
jpeapte ^inpiC* 



10 



raught then with his hands 
to the King of heaven^ 
prayed the Lord for pity, 
through the person of Mary :— 
* Yerily, thou from my daughter,^ 
Lordj wast bom, 
on mid-earth, 
for help to men:, 
now is f^ seen 
that thou thyself art God, 
eternal Author 
of all creatures*' 

VIIIL 

ft 

Let them then ascend 
the Lord eternal : 
he in glory had 
bonds of torment 
on the fiends fristened, 
and them further thrust 
into that deep darkness, 
closely curved, 
where now Satan 
darkling supplicates, 



Appamitly an enor lor domflMf. 



CiEDMON^s paraphrase; 



293^ 



eapm a2lsca* 
'J ysL atolan nub lum* 
jocnm peju^e* 
nallef pulbpef Ie<^* 
habban moton* 
ah in heOe'ginnb* 



poor wreldi! 

and those wicked with hiin 

weary with punishments. 

No light of gloiy 

may ikejf have^ 

but in hell's abyss. 



ne hi ebcepjief • 

Kfpe moton penan* 

feoSSan bun paej* bjuhcen job* 

fpaS ^epojiben* is 

fsalbe hun pitej dom* 
afcole to shM- 

bmime* j beopcne* 

beaiSef fcupan* . 

hime heDe jpiinb* 

hmpS* jpyjie* 

Saet la psef pejep* 

^* pe fSSh ctfin- ^ 

up to eapbe- ss 

3 pe ^ca mib^him* • 

meocob man-cynnep* 

m 1^ ms&jian baph- • 

htfpon hine nub hun* 

hanbum halite* 

pitijan up to eiSIe- 

abpahamep cynn* 

haep be ^ bpihren peolp* 

beaiS op eppunnen* 

peonb jeplemeb* m 

f m pypn-bapim* 

pitejan jssbon* . 

* Apptrently aa error for busae. 

* f scemt to be SD error for ftu - 



not of return they 

may ever thinky 

after the Lord God with them 



become wroth, 

gave them bonds of torment' 

dreadful in possession, 

and terror's shuddering ; 

dim and dark 

death's shadow, 

hell's hot abyss, - 

ajt end of horror ! 

O that was fair, 

when the assemblage came 

up to their home, 

and with them the Eternal, 

Lord of mankind, - 

into that great dty; . • 

they raised him with them, 

the holy, with their hands, 

the prophets, up to the heavenly' 

the race of Abraham, [country, - 

Had then the Lord himself 

death overcome^ 

routed the foe : 

what in ancient days 

prophets had said, 

^ MS. and Jouni^ la jilf. 



294 



C^DMON*S PARAPHRASE^ 



f he fapla poIbe« 

• • # 



that he would souls 



^if pKf on uhtan« 
eall jepojiben* - 
iSp bflejpebe* 
f fe byne becom- 
hl6b op heofonum* 
^ he heDe bupu* 
fopbpaec j pojibejjbe* 
ban peojinobon** 
J^a hie fpa leohtne- 
le&nan jefapon* 
jefst YdL nub )raepe pypbe< 
fjium-beapn jobej* • 
faebe j* dS-cpibum* 
piotpe japtaf • 
ic eop Jmph mfne*, 
mihte 2epojihte« 
ibam iSjiejl:* 
3 ^ aefSele pfp* 
^a hie be^eton- 
on ^obep piUan* 
)»opepti3 beajina* 
f fopC ]K>non* 
mibban-2c&pb^« 
memo pnpeocoii* 
*) pmtpa jpeoh* 
poman mofoon* 
eoplaf on eSle* 
oS f efc 2elamp* 



This was ere dawn 

all performed, 

ere blush of day, 

that th€ thunder came 
. loud from heaven, 

when he hell-door 

brake and bent down* 

Their bands were consumed 
IS when they such a bright 

beam saw. 

Sate then vnUi the assemblage 

the first-bom of Grod, 

s^d in words of truth :-^ 

' Sagacious spirits I 

I you, through my 

might, created, 

Adam first, 

and that noble woman : 
so then they b^at, 

through the will of God,. 

forty children, 

that thenceforth, 

in nud-earth, 

many might be bom ; 

and many winters . 

might have dwelt ' 

those persons, in the land ; 

till that it afterwards befcD, 



• • ♦ 



• My trsBBlalioB of this line is conjectural. For ban, we thouM pcrbs|» read 

* Appareatly an error for nubtaa-ss>ip^s* ^\' . ...• . . - 



CMDhlOtfS PARAPHRASE. 



^5 



f he afypliot ejpt** 
peoDb m ppenum* 
pfli If aeshpaqi. 
ic on neojixna pon^e* 
nipe sfecfce* 
tpeop mib eelpim* 
)^ iSa tanaf up* C^^J 

aepla baqioii* 
'J pe aeeon ^a^ 

beojihtaa bbeba* m 

fpa inc pe balepa bet* 
hanb-^^n belle* 
haefboa fopjfon h&ne jpimb* 
^aef pt o)»ji2^bon** 
faaelenbef p6pb* 
xLm ]Fa ejjaii* 
paef pe atola bejpojiaii* 
fe inc bam fopjeaf* 
balepe jejrolitaf • 
]^ me jepeap f mla haid>-2e- 
peopc* 

• • • - - : 

capcejmef dom "Sjiopabe* m 
m • a 

naq* iSa moona jeniec* 

ne mae^en oi^Ia* - 

ne picejena peqic* 

ne pepa piyeejio* 

j^ eop mihce belpaa* 

nunSe haelenb job* 

fe f pice iSji* 

vo ppece 2€]*eci?6«- 

fxpbe to jiolban* ao 



/An/ Jle i^om affrighted^ 
in crimes exulting. 
IThe foe u ereryvbere : 
I in paradiae 
newly act 

a tree with branchei^ i 

so that tke bougha ahrfi 
bareiqpplea; 
and ye ate the 

bright firnita^ "; S 

as the baleful one desired yoa, i 
the minister of hdl; 
ye therefore suffered a hot abyss 
for that ye recked not 
the Savioui^s words ; 
then ye ate fear. 
The wicked one was at hand, 
who inspired you both with 
baleful thoughts. 
Then it rued me that my handy- 
work 

endured the prison's chain. 

Then was no mote of men, 
no angels' might, 
no prophets' work, 
nor human wisdom, 
that could help you; 
naught save the Saviour God, 
who that punbhment erst 
had. in vengeance set. 
/ went to eartl^ 



• Between this Tme and the foUowia^ there is bo allitenitioa. The 
reading mnj probably be ofejibfjiboa* for Ofejisya^oa; the latter word not 
curring riaewbere tbrougboul the 



296 



C£DHON*S PARAPHRASE. 



10 



]mph pgmiian bi[b* 
npm j^om eCle* 
J on eojij^an jebtb* - 
tmtpej^ fela** 
'J teonan mioelne- 
me fejiebon jinb- . 
jecpif monije* 
bae^ef j mhtej* • 
liu beo me beaSef qyealm* 
pfoefbopan* 
hpqposai mibten* . 
y^ pKj* ^dCf mselej** 
meajic ajanjen* 
^ on populbe ysBf*^ 
pmtpa jepliiMif - 
jFjieo ^ ]^jut^ jeapa* 
1^ ic ]Fpopobe* 
jemmibe ic %»f msenejo- 
^ Jya mman b&n lanje^* . 
]^ iSe ic Of b2e]nnim» - 

bftn;^^''^^^* 
up to eapbe* 

f beo iffok* . 

bpibtnef b6maf • 

1 bu^uSe yjLpa^ * 

pmia^ m pyrniom* 

babbaS jmlbpaef blaeb* . 

Jrapenb mslum* 

fc cop jmijabe* : 

]^ me on beame*. . ao 



tbrongb womanbood^ 

firom the realm aborei 

and in the world 

torments many^ 

and great affliction i . 

took comisel concerning we 

manypersonsy 

by day and nigbt ; 

bow tbey me death's pang 

(the rulers of the state) 

mighfcause to suffer. 

When of this period was 

the term passed, 

which in the world was 

of winters told 

three and thirty years, 

ere I suffered, 

I was mindful of the many, 

and my own led home. 

From the time/Aa/ Ifrombondage 

led them home 

up to their country 

(that they may share 

the powers of the Lord 

and the assembly of the good,) 

they dwell in delights, 

bare enjoyment of glory, 

by thousands. . 

I for yon interceded 

when on the tree me 



« MS. and Jmuoft, tmrjiesan i jpela teonan ; tmt botli the tense and the 
fttrnctnre of the Terse Teqoire the transposition of :|. 

^ Of the meaning of this line, as it stands, I cui form no coigectore* laajt 
may jwwi'yjr be an error for heb^, and ]*a mman may be the Ger. dieMeinigea; 
oa which soppositions my translation is founded. In the MS. ya is nearly ob-. 
Iitcrat«4» and mman has been altered to mmnaa by the saperscriptioa of an a^^. 



CiBDMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



297 



beopnaf jncebon- 
japum on jaljcmi* 
heop je jiimja j^acji* ^ 
^ ic epc up becom* 
ice bpeamaf • 
to bahpun b|iihcae* . 

X. 

m 

8pi jmlbpef peapb* 
jHSpbum pebe* 
meotob mon-cynnef • 
^ji on fnopiea* 
f^f ye bjuhten job* 
Of beaXe apif • 
nsef xi£a Jnef ftjionjbc* 
jatan jefaefcnob* 
^eah he yxjte nub qme* 
eall jTibpuijen- 
f mihte ^am miclan- 
maepie piSbabban* 
ac be 6c eobe- 
enjla bjuhcen* 
on ^aem fsepxnne* 
'J 2^fsetian bee* 

enjlaf eaU-beopbte* 

• • • 

3 leopm pngum* 
jnnnm ••••••• 

3 bupn pecjan bet« 

pmon pecpe* 

f be moixe in jableam* 

job jceapiaa* 

£cne 3 tpumne*» 

fpa be rfji bybe* 



soldiers pierced 
nitb spears on lAe cross: : 
tbere tbe youtb stmck me, 
and I again on high obimned 
eternal joys, 
. mih the holy LordJ 

• » 

Thus the IjotA. of glory 

saia m words^ 

#Ae Creator of mankind^' ; 
20 early at mom. 

Wbat time the Loid God 

from deatb arose^ • 

so strongly was no 

Satan armed, . 

ihougb be wexe with iron 

all girt round, 

that might that great 

force resist; 

for he went forth, . - 
so MeLordof angds,. 

in the strong dty, 

and bade fetdi . 

angels all-bright, . 

« 

and his bdoTcd cBsciples; ' 

and even bade say 
to Simon Peter, 
that be might in Galilee 
bdioldGod, 
eternal and firm, 
so asbeere 



• MS. and Juaioi^ t|i 



298 



CiEDMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



}a ic sonjan jejrpesn. 
jixijjiaii set]x>iiin6* 
ealle to pdileam* 

hxjboa 2ait»r Ueb* 

• • • 

halijne jobq* pmu* 
fpa heo s^fejon- 
hpaeji funu meotobej* • 
ftL pn^jian oa upp fcdb< 
ece bpihlsoi* 
30b m pdileam* 
to iSasf pnjpan ]^ibep* 
ealle ujuion* 
yBsjk fe eca picp* . 
jxollon on pilban* 
3 to p5tiun liDijon* 
J^anceben J^eobne* 
^ hit ^uf 2^omp* 
^ hi f ceapobon* 
f cyppenb eiijla* 
]^a "onafppac* 
f imon petpuf • - 
eapt yvL ^af * bpihten* 
b6me ^c^pupSab^* 
pe %e 2Cijapon» - 
set pimum c^pe* 
^ec ^dejbon* 
on U¥ne benb* 
hae]»enne mib honbam* 

him ^ 2^P^F*^ nue;* 
|K)nne heo enbe-ptaep • 
ept 2«fceapialS« 
pime hie ne mihton* 
mdbe* oncnapan* 



i22S] 



10 



Then^ as I have understood, went 
the disdples together, 
all to Galilee ; [spirit^ 

ihey had the inspiration of the 

the holy Son of God 

whom they saw; 

where the Lord's Son [stood, 

then over against the disciples 

the Lord eternal, > 

God in Galilee^ 

so that the disdples thither 

all ran, 

where the Eternal was, 

fell on earth, 

and at his feet bowed; 

thanked the Lord, 

that it ibas befell,* 

that they should behold 

the Creator of angeb. 

Then forthwith spake, 
Simon Peter :— 
'Art thou thus, Lordl 
with power gifted ? 
We saw thee 
at one time, when 
they hid ihet 
in loathsome bondage, • • • 
the heathen,' with their hands. 
They that may me, 
when they their end 
shall behold hereafter/ 

Some they could not 
comprdiend in mind^ 



• MS. and Janhis, ^ij. ^ M6. and Jumui* sexttjiVa^F. « * M& and Joahuv Bi6b« 



'S PARAPHRASE. 



299 



f psBf fe bedpa* 
bibunuf psej* haten* 
]£ji ha nub honbaiii* 
haelenb j/saom* 
jylpae be jlban* 
ymji he hif fpac pqplet* 
feollon to pdbaii* 
pilpihtof b«6e« 
p^ep ymp f onpn* 
^ fpeo-bjuhten* 
2e]>popobe« 
(eoben ujie* 
he on beame aftah* 
3 hif bidb a^eat* 
2ob on pd^an* • 
]^u]ih hif jafcer in>^cn« 
]x>]\]K>n men jceolon* 
mela 2elipylce« 
pecjan bjuhtne Jmnc* 
bs^am ^ peopcnm* . 
]^8ef % he uf Of haeftum« 
h&n jelaebbe* 
up to eiSle* 
Jwqi pe ijan* 
bjuhtnef bdmaf • 



that was the dear one, 
he waa caiUed Didymns, 
ere he with Aw hands 
|A« Saviooc toocfaedy 
himself on the tad^ 
where he Ids blood gave out. 
They fell to earth, 
in the bath of Vaptinm. 
Fair was that trial, 
that the Loid God 
had suflEered, • 
our Creator. 
He on the tree ascended, 
and shed his blood, 
Ood on the cross 1 
. through Ids spirit's power.: 
Wherefore men should, 
at all times, 

give to the Lord thanks, 
in deeds and worics, 
for that he us from thraldom 
led home, . 
up to heaven, 
where we may share 
the Lord's greatness^. 



^ pe m p^num punian moton* 

uf if pulbpef leoht* 

topht ontyneb* 

]>am i$e teala]>enceS:« [226] 



and we in joys may dwdL 
To us is the light of {^ory 
brightly fUsdosedj, • 
to those who riffhtly think. 



• • I 



! 



300 



CiED3I0N*S PARAPHRASB. 



Da poqr on eojiiSan* 

ice bjuhcen* 

feopejifci; bapt* 

poijab polcimi* 

2e<^^Seb man-c^nnef* 

l6]i he m ]ni nuSpan ^cfceafC* 

bujih-leoba fjiiima* 

bpinjan yolbe* 

to heopon-pfoe* 
zjtsh up on beoponmn* 
enjia jfc^penb* 
peopoba palbenb* 
«acompolcnan>es. 
halQ op beoponum* ■ 
nub paef bonb ^obep • 
onpen; ppeo-bpihten* 
J bine pops laebbe* 
to ]^ani balj&n him* 
beopna ealbop* 
bun ymbplujon* 
enjla ]ypeatap* ' 
^openb maelum- 
ysL hit ]>up jelomp* 
ysL jjjt uep^enbe qupt* 
• • • 

f be ]Mep ^b ine nibt* 
tpelp apopnli^* 
nub bip z^P^T 71^* 
pngian X^TP*'?*' 
baejibe ]ni jej^tte* 
ppla unplm- 
2pb ISpi^enbe* ' 



Then was on earth 

^A« Lord eternal, 

forty days, 

foUowed by people, 

Imown of mankind, 

ere he into the great creation. 

Source of its inhabitants, 

would bring 

his holy spirit, 
10 to heaven's kingdom. 

Ascended up into heaven 

the Creator of angds. 

Ruler of hosts : * 

fA^n came a sound from /^ douds 

holy from hearen, 

irith it was the hand of God. 

The Lord receired 

and led him forth - 

to the holy home, 
so /Ae Prince of heaven; 

around him flew • 

hosts of angds, 

by thousands. • 

Then it thus befell, 

when yet the Saviour Chris^ 



90 



• • • 



that be one night after 
twdve apostles • 
with his spirit's gift, 
his disdples, strengthened. 
Then had placed in heaven 
souls without number, 
the living Ood* . . 

Then was Judas ••• • 



ysL psep mbaf op* • 

• oj it evidently only the commenccmciit of a word. 



CiEDMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



301 



fcfSe ifiji on tijijie** 

tophcne jeplbe* 

bjuhten liaelenb* 

him feo hfl§b ne j^^eah* 

]«f be bebohfce* . 

beajin pealbenbef • 

on jeolfpef jmc* 

hun f jpeapte fapgfislh* 

eapm aeslaeca* 

innon heUe* 

pteS nd on ]ni fpiSpan honb* 

pina hif pebqief* 

bafleBbospaxchpaem. 

bjuhten peopoba* 

help 3 haelo* 

hsde^a beapnnm* 

jeonb mibban-j^apb* . 

f If monepun ctt8* 

f he ina if • 

ealpa jefcefca* 

pyphca 'J palbenb* 

^uph hif pulbpef cpaefC- 

pceS hun on heopium* 

hahj encjel* 

palbenb nub picepiin* 

haptS pulbpef beapn* 

hif feoljKf fclb* 

fpe^l-behealben • 

lalSaS uf l^ibep to leohte« 

^ph hif lakebom* 

)wp pe mdcon feolpe** 

pttan mib bpihtne* 

nppe nub en^lum* 

habban f ilce leoht* 



who ere as a sacrifioe 

had betrayed th€ illostrioas 

SaYiour Lord : 

for him the deed thiived not, 

that be sold 

the Child of the Alnughty, 

for a heap of silver, 

to lum that darUy compensated : 

the wretched miscreant 
M inheD. 

Now atteth on the right hand 

lAe Son of his Father, 

dealeth each day 

. the Lord of boats 

bdp and health 

to the children of men, . 

over mid-earth, ' 
That is known to many 

that he alone is 
» of all creatures 

Creator and Ruler, 

through his glory's might. 

JETe sitteth with them in heaven^, 

a holy angel, 

the Powerful with prophets; 

the Child of glory bath 

Us own throne, 

heaven-sustained f 

he inviteth us thither to light, 
30 through his healing power, 

where we ourselves may 
sit with the Lord,, 
above with angds, 
have the same light; 



• The word nj jic not occuning dsewbere, it may bt pictuD^d tfiat zApie is 
die tnw reading*.* • 



■saapem^w 



302 

yzsji hq- hipeb ntU ' " 

yujodX VOL j^num* : 
)wp If pulbjief bl^b* 

tophfc ontyneb* 

• ^ ' m 

ucoD byc^an f pe hadenbe* 
hqian jeopne* 
cpijze cpetnan* 
yBsp. q- cuSpe tfj:* 
^Dne pe on eojiiSan* 
maejen Ayjie ^eftpeonan* 



CMimaS^S PARAPHRASC 



10 



XL 

J^apfS nfi 2e]>ui2ob to uf • 
l^eoben mii§jui« • . 



where his flock*' noir- 
holy dwdleib^ • 
continueth in delights, . 
where is the fhiition of glory 
bright disclosed. 



Let us strive that we the 

zealously obey, 

to Christ give pleasure, 

there is a life more glorious 

than we on earth 

ever may obtun. , 

Now hath interceded for 
the Lord supreme, 
almighty God^ 



on btfm-bflcje* ■ 
bpihten feoljpa* 
hateS heh-enslsf •^ 
hlubbpe ftejme* . 
beman blapan* 
oj»p bu]i2a jepeottt^* 
jeonb folban fceataf • 
]K>nne oj: ]n]je molban« 
men onpecnudS* 
beabe oj: bufte*. 
apfpS ]mph bpihcnef miht* 



on doomsday, 

the Lord himself. 

The archangels shall call 

with loud voice;, 

blow the trumpets 

over the cities' dwellings, 

throughout earth's regions : 

then from this mould 

men shall awaken, 

Me dead from -dust 

shall rise, through power of God«. 



» H« a Icsf kai ccitainix been cot out oflhe MSw. ^ . 

^ ThU word docs not Mcm to occor elsewhere ;--iaytriiislatk»)iUe(iiject^^ 



CiSDMON^S PARAPHRASB. 



303 



f bis bs^ lenpift* 

hiiib jehypeb* 

]H>iuie haelenb cymeS* 

palbenb nub ]K>Icniim« 

m yaj' populb pepeS* 

pile yonne j^fceapian^* 

phoje 3 michene* 

on tpft Iieaipe* 

tile ^ ;^e« . m 

lum ]m J <dSj:s6jtauii* 

on ytL fpiSpan lionb* 

nub jiobejui peajib* 

]H>nne beoS bliSe* 
y^ ]^c in buph m^Scon* 

jonpui m 2obef p{ce« 
• • * 

J heo jej'enaS* 

nub hif fpiSpan honb- 

cyninc; alpihta* » 

deopaS opep ealle* 

je pnb pilcnman* 

2a¥ in pulbpef leoht* 

to beopona pSoe* 

)wp 2^ habbaS* 

i to albpe* 

^oeperte* 

]H>ime ]i3onba¥ ]ni pippophtan* 

]ni % ppnebon* 

beoS beopjenbe* so 

bponne hun beapn jobef • 



Hiat with of days be longest^ • 

and of thnnden greatest . 

beard abrad;- 

wben the Saviour comeCb, 

the Powerfol on cbrnda , 

into this world shall lide; 

then win he separate . 

the fidr and the fonl^ '^ 

ontwosideSy 

#Ae good and I Ae e?il : 

with him the upright « 

on the right hand^ 

with the Guardian of the sides, * 

shall rise to rest : 

then wiU be blithe 

they who into the city may 

go^ into God's kingdom, 

and them shall bless 

with his right hand 

Me Kng of all creatures, 

shall cry out among all : — 

'Ye are wdoome; 

go into gloiy's li^t, 

to 1^ heavens' kingdon^ : 

there ye shall hav^ 

from henceforth ever, 

eternal rest.' 

Then shall standee condemned, 
they who sinned, 
/^ Shan be trembling, 
when them the ChUd of God 



• Manifestly an error for binaa. 

^ ^bably an error for sejoeaban* dkiie, fqMrvle. 

* >e it inserted in the MS. by :|n andcnt htnd; and being necetaary botib ts 
the tense and verse* I have not beaitatedto.adBut it into the to^. . 



304 



C£DMON*S PAItAPHRASB. 



b^manpille* 
]^apli hif bsfiba fpeb* 
p6n9X f heo mdten* 
to JfSBjie nu^jian bypi;* 
up to enjlum* 
17a o¥|ie bybon* 

ac him brS peojibienbe** 

• • « 

ice bjuhten* 

ofep ealle 2^<7$^* 

^JtiffX nd apypsbe* 

in ^ pfte-h4p . 

tffeftum xniduin* 

nu ic etfp ne con* 

fona mpoeji ]>8nn pdpbum< 

belle baefftaf* 

bp^jptum j-quJm'S* 

]^ufenb mseluin*^ 

3 ]nbeji laebaS^* 

in ^ fceaSena fquep* . 

fcufaS to jp^be* 

in f neappe nfS* 

^ no peoS^San* 

f hie up jHHian* 

iSppe m6ton* 

ah yxji 2e]K)han pceolon* 

eajunhc pite* 

dom ^ capcejm* 

^ |K)ne calban ^pdnb* 

beopne abpeojan* 

^ beoplep ppellunje* 

ha hie him on £bpit* 

opt apettaS* 



10 



will judge, 

through yirtue of his deeds ; 

they may hope that they may go 

to the grand city, 

up to the angels, 

as the others did ; 

but to them shall speak 

the liOrd eternal, . 

among all shall say :— 

' Descend now, ye accursed, 

into the house of torment 

with utmost speed ; 

now I know you not/ 

Straight after those words, 

the sprites accursed, 

Me thralls of hell, 

'shall wander round 

by thousands, 

and them shall thither lead, 

into that pit of the wicked^ 

shall thrust them into the abyss^ 

into that narrow punishment, 

and not after 

that they up from thence 

ever may come/ . 

but there shall suffer . 

miserable torment, 

bonds and the prison-house,. 

and the abyss cold 

and deep endure, 

and the devil's converse i 

haw they themselves 

oft reproach. 



• The words jiobcjia pdbenb seem wanting after this line» 
^ MS. and Junior U^9fi^ - 



CJEDMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



305 



j-pajite fafl-bcHian* 
ftaelelS pehlSe* 

3 in pjme 

J^seji ISe hie bjuhben- 
icne anpalban* 
Oft pojqieatoin* 
J^one hie him co hihce* 
habban fceolbon* 
. ^ uton la jej'cncan* 

2eonb faf populbe* m 

^ pe hselenbe- 

he]ian onpimen* 

^eopne j^uph jpbef pfe* 

gemunan jfifcey bleb* 

hu eabije ]^as|i* 

uppe pcca«. 

feljre mib fpejd-cophc'* 

funu hslenber« 

J>aep ij- jeac ^tl^^^^* 

2unmuin ^efpscepob* » 

pynnum bepunben- 

^aem ]?e in polbpef leohc* 

jonjan mocen« 

CO jobef pSoe« 

-J ymb ]^a peallaf • 

plitije fc!na%* 

enjla jajrap. 

-J eabi^e fapla* 

)^a ISe heonon p^palS* [228 ] 
]«Ii maptipaf • so 

meotobe cpemaS* 
^ hepijalS heh-jaebeji* 
halpim jrepnim* 



Aeirs swart Jleudsj 
vengeance steals in, 

and in crime 

where they the Lord, 

the eternal Roler, 

oft forgot^ 

whom they for their hope 

should have. 

O let us resolve 
thronghout this world, 
that we the Saviour 
seek to ol)ey; 

fervently, through God's grace, 
remember the inspiration of the 
how the blessed there [spirit, 
sit on high, 

even with the heaven-bright 
Son of God. 

There the gate is golden, 
fretted with gems, 
with joys encircled, [glory 

for those who into the light of 
may go;, 

to God*s kingdom ; 
and, round the walls, 
appear beauteous 
angel-spirits, 
and blessed souls, 

those who from hence depart $ 
where martyrs 
give ddight to the Creator, 
and praise the supreme Father, 
with holy voices. 



• MS. Tj^iU rojihr ; Janiui^ jtlfc ai^ IT«S^ • tojtkt pum, Itc 

X 



306 



CiEDMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



cyninj in cejrpe- 
q^e^miS ealle ]mf • 
]?u eapc haeleiSa helm< 
^ heojren-b^ma*- 
en^la ojib-j^iuma* 
"J eopiSan cuboji* 



the King in Am city : 

Thus say they all : — 

' Thou art Protector of men, 

and Judge of bearen. 

Origin of angels 

and of earth's progeny* 



CO Jnjjum eabijan b^m* 

fpa jmlbjief peapb* 

popbum hepijalS* 

l^epiaf yrab ^eoben* 

]»9ep If I'pym micel- 

fan; aec pelbe* 

If fylp cynmj- 

ealpa albop* 

m {Saepe ecan j^eyceyz- 

f If fe bpihten. 

f eSe beaiS fop tif • 

jej^popobe- 

]?eoben enjla* 

jTylce he pcfte- 

f eopepti; ba^a* 

mecob man-c}'nnef • 

]?uph hif milbfa fpeb* 

^a, ^epeap'S ]?one pepejan 

]>e a§p apoppen paef • 

Of heoponum* 

]^ he in helle ^ebeip^ 

^a coftobe^ 

cynin; alpihta* 

bpohce him to beapme* 

hpdbe ftinaf • 



to this happy home. 
Thus the Guardian of glory 

they praise with words, 
10 the ministers around their Lord. 

There is a great assembly, 

song before the throne, 

he himself is King, 

Chief of aU 

in the eternal creation. 

That is the Lord,** 

who for us death 

endured, 

the Lord of angels. * 
20 Moreover he fasted 

forty days, 

the Lord of mankind, 

in virtue of his merdes. 

Then it befell that the Accursed 

(who had erst been cast 

from heaven, 

so that into hdl he di\'ed,) 

then tempted 

the King of all creatures, 
30 brought in his bosom to him 

broad stones. 



• MS. and Jonhis* btema. 



C^DMON'S PARAPHRASE. 



307 



baeb him jx)]! hunjpe* 
hlipaf pypcan* 
jif |m fpa micle* 
mihce haebbe* 
ysL bun anbfpapobe« 
(ce bjuhcen* 
penbefC ya apypjb^* 
f appiten n^pe** 



bade him for hmigor 

make them into loarea : — 

^ If thou flo great 

might have.* 

Then him answered 

the Lord eternal : — 

* Thoughtest thoo. Accursed ! 

that it was not written 



nym]ye me ^nne* 

ac jepeceb bapap;- 

pjojiep t^^nb* 

Lpjenbum hhc- 

lean bucan enbe« 

on heopen-pice* 

bailee bpeamaf • 

l^a he mib hbnbum jenom* 

acol ]m]ih ebpur- 

J on efle ahdp • 

hepm-bealopef jafc* 

J on beoph afcah* 

afecre on bune« 

b[iihren haelenb- 

loca nu pul pibe* 

ojiep loub-buenbe* 

10 |>e jefelle^ • 

J^inej* j-eojrepbum*- 



save me alone; 
10 but thou hast set 

Lord of triumphs ! 

a light to the liring, 

c reward without end^ 

in heaven's kingdom, 

holy joys.* 

Then with hands he took Atm,* 

the fiend in his wickedness, 

and on his shoulder raised him^ 

the noxious spirit, 
SD and on a mount ascended, 

placed him on the down, 

the Saviour Lord : — 

' Look now full wide;, 

over the land's ii 

I will give thee, 

into thy power. 



* Here is manifestlT a great hiatus ia the lente. 

b J am at a loes as to the sease of lines 21I-26. Lje« or radux' Maaaiagt 
thinks that for >inef jeofejibnm* we ought to read >inejr jcolfej bte* " ia tai 
ipsios potestatem,'*— a conjecture which* even if correct wooM contnlnite littk 
to the ititerpretatioa of the passage. 

x2 



308 



C.EDMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



jrolc 3 folban* 
foh hibep to me* 
buph 3 bjieo&one* 
both CO jepealbe* 
pobojia pfcef • 

enjla ^ monna* 
fpa "Su i6p m^tcft^ 
]« him anbj7>apobe« 
ece bpihten* 
jepit fu apjpjba. 
in f pice-jtjpaBf- 
fatantif f eolp* 

l^ If r^Y^ pcotob. 

jcipo tojejner. 

nallep jobep picc- 

ah ic }^ hace- 

]7aph l^a hehpian mihr* 

f -Su hell-papnm* 

hyhc ne abeobe* 

ah ^n him f ecjaa mihc* 

popja maefte* • 

^ -Su jemetcef • 

meocob alpihta* 

cynui; mon-cyimer' 

cqi % on baecbnj* 

pee ];u etc apyp^ba* 

hn pib -] pib*. 

hel-heoSo bpeopi;* 

31 mib honbum amec* 

5pip pi« ^«r 5p6nber- 

pin; ]>onne ppa* 

o'S f pu ]7one ymbh|?}'pp:4 

ahieemme* 



folk and earth, 



of heaven's kingdom, 
if thou be true King, 
of angels and of men, 
as thou erst dedaredst.' 
Then him answered 

10 the Lord eternal :-^ 
' Depart thou. Accursed 1 
into the pit of torment, 
(Satan himself art thofi,) 
to thee is pain decreed, 
ready before thee, 
not God's kingdom z 
but I command the^ 
through the higliest Pbwer,' 
that to hell's inmates thou 

SI announce not hope^ 

but thou to them mayest say 
the greatest woea,^ — 
that thou liast met 
the Lord of all things. 
King of mankind. 
Turn thee behind me : 
know thou also. Accursed ! 
how wide and long is 
hell*& drear profound,. 

39 and measure with /Ay hands» 
lay hold on the abjrss : 
go then so, 

till that thou the orbit 
aU; 



* jf or fco ftens here to b« wtAting. 



CiSDBION*S PARAPHRASB« 



309 



upui CO jptfnba* 
'J ha pb*. 

piCjT ]m ]ionne ]m jjeopnofi* 

f ^a piiS 30b panne* 

peoS&n ]m ]H>nna l]apf& 

hanbam amei^ene* 

ha heh ;) beop^ 

hell innepeapb peo* 

5pim ^lep-htif. 

jon; picene oo»^ 
^ # ^^ 



10 



and fiist meaaore 

from above to Us gnrand,. 

and hovr wide 

the bbck vnponr ia. 

Hen wilt thoa the better know^ 

that thoo with God stiivest; 

then,, after thoa hast 

with /Ay hands measuiod 

how high anddeep* 

hdl is within, 

the grim graTe-honse,. 

go forthwith to 



aep cpa feonbon* 

ciba a^onjene* 

f iSu mepceb htif • 

amecen hiebbe- 

Sa j^am pepijan peapS* C2S9] 

ppacn ^eceuje* 

pican peolua pan* 

•3 on piple jepeol*- « 

eapm aejlaece* 

hpilum nub polmum maee* 

pean ^ pica* 

hplum pe ponna I%« 

laehce piS ]»ep la)»an* 

hpilum he bcjmi jepeah* 

haepisif m bylle* 

hpilum hpeaiu ajxah* 

Sonne hie on ]>one acolan* 



ere shall two 

hoars have passed,. 

that thou the destined house 

hast measured.' 

Then to the Accursed was 
exile heavy; 
Satan himself ran, 
and into torment fielL. 
The wretdird fiend 
now measured with his hands 
his woe and punishments 
now the lurid flame 
seized on the loathed oite; 
now he saw lying 
the capti>*es in hell; 
now aery arosc^ 
when they on thui horrid tme 



• ii ere the wor«U f |4^ have prubdbly bwA ooutttcL 
^ Here is cvkkatly a c«M»idef>Mc bUlu* la the MS« 



310 



CiSDMON*S PARAPHRASE. 



e^;uiii ^epq^un* 

baepbon j^punnon- 

2obef ^nhfacan* 

blac bealopef jmx* 

]Fa he on bonne ftdb* 

]^a bun jmbee* 

f ysunon ps§pe- 

to belle bujia^ 

bnnb ]mfenba mfla- 

jemeajicobef • 

jTa bine p mibaja bee* 

^ ]nipb fynne cpxpc* 

pifleamaete* 

Sa be jemunbe* 

]Fa be on jp^^ ft6b* 

locabe leaf pibc* 

jeonb f hSe fqiaep • 

acol mib epim- 

o« f cjpn 5p:^€- 

beopla nuenejo. 

• • • 

^nne up-ajra;- 

• • • 

p6pbmn inpicom* 
onpinnon ]ni pepijan jaftaf ' 

peopbian "j cpeSan* 

• • • 

la ^ttf beo nd on yjpele* 
nolfaaq* ^J^ teala*. 

Ttsrr LiBBR II. Abisn. 



looked with eyet. 
Thejf bad obtained 
the apostate from Grod^ 
tie pale spirit of evil. 
When he on the bottom stood^ 
then seemed to him, 
that It were from thence 
to bell-door 

a hundred thousand miles 
. 10- of measured space^ 

as him the Mighty bade, — 
that through art of sin 
he should his torment measure 
Then be reflected, 
as in the abyss he stood; 
the &lse wight looked 
through the loathsome den, 
with eyes terrific, 
till that horrid dread, 
70 the multitude of devils, 

then rose up. 



with guileful words, 
began the cursed spirits 
to discourse and say :— 

* Lo ! thus be now in evil. 
Good erst thou wouldest noU' 




* MS. and Juniut* onjunnoa >« on >m j^injan sajraf ; the syllaUct on J-i 
bdng cndrntly repeated erroneously. 



311 



THE 



OF AZARIAH. 



From tbc Exeter MS., p. 53 a. (Sec CsdaoB. p. 233. L 230 



l>iM ^ aza]uaf • 

hko^ebe halij* 

bpea; baebom jequi- 
bp^hcen hepebe* 
pif in peojicom* 
^ y^ popb mcpmK* 
meocub ADpihca* 
yM eapc meahnun jptS* 
ni^f 00 n«p3vuie- 
If ym nomm maepe^ 
plicij 3 pulboppaqr* 
ofep pep-^eobe* 
pnbon )^me bomaf • 
on bseba 2«hpam* 
joSe jefpiSbe- 

eac ]^inne pillan* 
m populb-fpebum- 
jkjhte mib paebe* 
pobepa palbenb* 
jeoca uf jjiojmt* 
5»rt» itSippenb. 
^ ^uph hylbo help- 
halij bp}*hten» 
nn pe ^ec ]?op ]wappim< 



^3 poffi ^pea-nybom** 
"} pope eaSmebom* 
apenabtbba^* 
kg^bile^be- 
pe ^aq* Iifjenbe* 
pophcon in popnlbe* 
eac ]kmi pom by bon* 
ylbpannije- 
in ofvplifjbani* 
ym Inboba bpaecon* 
bup2-pctenbe« 
hab ofephoj^bon* 
lial jan lipef • 
pupbon pe toppecene* 
^eonb pibne ^giunb* 
heapam colipoppie- 
hylba Ieafe« 
paep upe lip jeonb* 
lonba pela- 
rpsu^a 3 jefparse- 
polb-buenbum* 
nu yu. upc beppaece- 
in bar pvnnertan* 
eopS-cyiunjer- 

in harpc heopo jiummep* 
pceolon pe ^p lue]«npa< 



* la Cvdmon. (^eo-n> >miii» apvurcnUy aa error for ^eo|^A}>am» m at p. 235* 
UaelS. 



312 



THB SONG OP AZARIAU. 



J^pea^njb* 


nu ]iec calbeiqp . 


• • # 


*] eac pela poica* 


# # » 




luejibef • 


ymt )ni £na eapr* 


to abpahame* 


6oe bpvfacen* 


^ toij-aoe- 


pjc-pop peccenb- 


^ lacobe- 


7 foiS meocob* 


jajTa fcj-ppenb' 


pnlbpq- palbenb* 


^ him jehete* 




ynjih hleo^p-qnbaf • 


jpa re halja pep. 


I^aet ]m hypa fpom-cyim* 


hepjenbe jttf* 


on fypn-bajum* 


meorabep miltpe* 


yean polbe* 


7 hip mob*pepan» 


^aet hir aepxp him- 


pehce jmph peopbe* 


on cyne pyoe* 


9a op pobepum peapiS* 


cenneb pupbe* 


en^el aelbeophca* 


yceb on eopjy&n* 


upon onpoibeb* 


J^aet; fpa unpime> 


phte pcyne pep* 


hab CO hebban- 


m hip pnlbop*homan» 


fpa heofon-jreoppan- 


cpom him ^ co qie* . 


bora's bpabne hpeappr- 


7 CO ealbop-nepe* 


oi bprni-flobaf • 


]ruph lupan ^ ]n]ph hfpe 


j'pa papoJA jtmb- 


pe ^ne b; bopceapT 


ymb jvak pscep- 


hah; j heopon-beophr* 


fpe jeonb eap 2punb» 


hacan pi'jiep* 


]Faec J'pa impmie* 


f pe biccpa bpyne* 


ymb pmtpa hpeapp^* 


beopjan poeolbe* 


peopSan fceolbe* 


pop |wr enjlep eje. 


fyl nn ^ fpom-fppaece* 




l^ah ]w upep pea hji^^n* 


cofpeop 3 co|pen2be« 


plitega ^me popb-cpibaf • 


]mph rpi^p meahc* 


J Cm pnlbop iq-« 


hjep leoman* 


3eGy^ cpxpc j meahc* - 


fpa hSTia bee ne fcob* 



* Here it an hiatus in the Exeter MS. ; tht lines omitted corretpondiog to 
CttduuMB^ p. 13S» lines 19-^* 
^ So in MS.« for habbaS. 



THE SOXO OP AZARIAH. 313 

^ r* ^nZ^ cpom* ^aqi ^ bcb-hpicaii* 

pebqie onbciqr* ^«obeii liepeboa* 

^nD€ on puii€|icf tA>* iMcbon dIccjiii^^ 

fcnbcb pco|ipcfo* bfupn in po|i]iIb6* 

bpopena bpeopnn;* ealle jcfoe^se* 

nub btfjvf npiw* ccn6 bp^iioen* 

fe p«f m ^tm fqi«* ^eob& filbcnb* 

pp Fpean meahcom* . fpa bi ^; qpcbon- 

halpim eo lieipe* mobnm hojqpoe* 

ft^A fe haca Ii](* ^uph jemaaie pofib* 



CORRIGENDA. 

Pags 2\, line 4. poji min-jiVe. This reading, althoogh affording a plausible 

interpretation, is inadmissible ; p being the riming letter, 
and consequently requiring the accent on its syllable, 
iviiid^ as ^be text now stands, falls erroneously on m&xu 
Read tberefore p)iiman pffe,ybr lAe/rtl rune. 

233, — — 34. For in jejwncum, is Ait thoughts, read (as both the sense 

and alliteration require,) inxe]»ancom,nifa<{^ff5 ifnrtntly). 
The Germans hare a similar adTerbial expression, einge* 
denk. 

— -, lines 26, 27. Here, I suspect, we ought to read, jTipbhatne hj • 

bpea^ ^«^a jeojin, making yujihhatne {tharomgh-hot, per^ 
ferridut,} a compound word, and the regimen to ^pea^ 
which, though wanting in the MS. of Csedmon, i^>pears in 
the Exeter paraphrase. — The translation will then be, the 
intetuelg hotJIamiB tmiund, seobst ta dindt. 

234, line 19* For >pea-ny^um, restore the reading of the MS., or rather 

correct it to }eof-nybum. 

301. Dele notam. When writing this note, I was not aware that rijxp 

for nbeji occurs also in the Legend of Juliana, Cod. Exon. 
p. 69, a. 

P. 60, L28, /irj>ani • • . . read>am. 

. 80, 1, — ucaa • • • • — utan. 

108, 14, — pi beib ... — ji-beb. 

120, 30, — * — ». 

124, 31, — jnhnjiian • • ^ juhtjiisan. 

125, 6, deb a*. 

161, 4, ybrjynnejr ... — yyjinejr. 
206, 1, — ypeo beajin-pettiji — ]:jieo*beajin-pebeji. 

20o, 5, ^^ J*© . • . • . "^ 3^ 

239« 31, jolccn-yaiin • • — yolccn*fajin. 



VERBAL INDEX 



A. 

A, 287, 4; 289.16. 
sbaelisan, 276, 27. 
abal. 32, 9. 
aban, 242, 32. 
abealh, 290. 4. 
abeoban, 161, 9; 308. 20. 
abibben, 161,5. 
abol3en, 28, 4. 
abpecan. 259, 10, 32. 
abpe^ban. 159, 22; 176, 

19; 177,17. 
abpeocan, 190, 14. 
abpocen, ISO, 2 ; 219, 32. 
abpoben, 194, 31. 
abpu2t)oii, 150,4.. 

ac, 88,3. 

aceopfan, 251, 23. 
aoeppan, 278, 6. 

ad. 215,4. 

acol, 117,18: 223,24. 

aqian, 148, 8. 

aciil, 261. 14. 

acpaelS, 20, 6. 

ab. 173,3; 175,25; 176, 

20; 177,14. 
abaelan, 10, 2. 
ab-fip, 203r 4. 
ahpenceb, 206. 28. 
abpeocan. 304. 30. 
abpipui. 275.19; 277,9. 
ahpincan, 182, 18. 



abpefcan, 283, 17. 
»-qi»FC, 217, 7. 
«-que]xi2, 262, 10» 
aebep, 83,3. 
aebpe, 173, 32. 
ae^n, 184, 16. 
»fen-1eo8,188,8: 190,18. 
Kfen-fcima, 147,31. 
mfen-^ab, 146, 19.. 
aefcp:, 233, 7. 
wfUjz, 207, 27. 
»Fr^> 3, 1 ; 60, 15. 
mpxji. 15. 4 ; 64, 22 ; 

186,1; 191,9; 202, 

30; 210,4. 
aefceplean, 5, 24. 
KFjn. 20, 22. 
»;^pget$ep, 183, 21. 
s^laeca, 269,14; 274,28. 
spuan, 194, 23. 
atbca-jepealb, 235, 15. 
sbte-^cpealb, 263, 5. 
slbeopbt, 237, 13. 
»leb, 175,26; 231,6. 
»lec, 232, 3. 
»If, 181, 24. 
aelf-fcieno, 109,23; 165, 

11. 
tfl^peii.105,10; 107,11. 
9txx^ 23, 9. 

»p-b»s* 15S» 23; 155, 

19; 190,12. 
»p«n, 191,18; 248»28. 



»pcnb, 32, 3. 
atpenb-boe, 261, 32. 
aepenbe, 161,7; 174,22; 
210. 20. 

aepenb-jap^ 138^23. 
spenbian, 41, 31. 
aepenbpa, 147, 4. 
»penb-fec2, ^^* ^^' 
aep-jejrpeoii; 129, 22. 
Kfc-bcpeiib, 123, 7. 
aejic-aji, 124, 27. 
»^c-^p«c, 130, 2. 
«c, 82, 12 ; 188» 9; 247, 

32. 
aetbepan, 249, 31. 
«<7«dicaii, 127, 25. 
mchan^ 181,25. 
agtniman, 204,5. 
aetpijr, 73, 21. 
aepifc-mob, 55, 18. 
ael$aii, 77, 24. 
»«el,4,34; 64,22'; 167, 

27. 
»«ebnj, 65, 1 ; 70. 31. 
»)»e1o, 83.34; 199,15. . 
9^hK 103, 11. 
ap»peb, 206, 3. 

afvfrniaii, 183,2; 218^17. 
ajpapan, 216, 14. 
afebcb, 99,5; 102,29. 
apepa, 258, 7. 
apppan, 269, 3 ; 282, 9. 
af}*ppan, 24, 17. 



316 



VERBAL INDBX. 



ajan, 3, 11; 164, 34; 

166,14. . 
ajeat, 210« 12. 
ajenb, I96»2I. 
a^enb-ppea, 135, 4, 
ajlac, 230, 25. 
ajlttca, 293, 1. 
ahebban, 19, 20. 
abejan. 283, 27. 
abic2an,224,3,36. 
ableop, 193,25. 
ablob, 143, 16. 
abop, 17, 21; 175, 30; 

177, 14. 
abpeb, 122, 26. 
abjiebban, 127, 19 ; 129, 

16. 
abpebeb, 125, 27. 
abuban, 121, 8. 
abpeop]:ao,2,26; 255,26. 
abpec, 26, 13. 
ab^baQ, 184, 30. 
alaecen, 232, 20. 
alb, 209, 5. 
albop^ 26,6; 27,33; 158, 

29; 160,1,27; 204, 

24; 232,13; 283,31. 
albop-bana, 63, 17. 
albop-bema, 70,21; ]49, 

28. 
albop-bnje^e, 125, 19. 
albop-fpea, 218, 29. 
albop-sebal, 65, 25. 
albop-nepe, 151,22; 152, 

13. 
albop-pipi, 75, 9. 
albop.6»sii, 268, 36. 
alepgean, 162,21. 
alepin, 281,27. 
aliioiSobe, 11, 18. 
akpen. 189.11; 192,7. 
attin, 202, 22. 



alb-rcebe, 259, 11. 
alpalba, 178, 13; 277,23. 
al-pibca, 204. 17. 
al$Teb»180,12; 212,1. 
alynoan, 123,19. 
amb5'b»>, 33, 10. 
Bmhfhc-ftei, 36, 35. 
amjppan, 24, 16. 
anbib, 212, 2. 
anba,237,2S; 260,24. 
an-bae^. 197, 9. 
anban, 25, 24. 
anbpens, ^79, 28. 
anbpec-caoeii, 93» 3. 
anbbpie, 57, 25. 
anbpsebaa, 194,25. 
anbfaca, 21,6; 28, 27; 

178,21; 209.21. 
anbpeope,ll,16; 164,25. 
anbpbca, 81, 21. 
anbpbcan, 288, 10. 
anppbecan, 36,18; 43, 

20; 217,8. 
anpiii, 203, 13. 
ansm, 36, 27. 
anhj-bij, 254, 1. 
anlaeban, 190^5. 
anlapran, 4Q, 24S 
anlicnef, 154, 33. 
anmebla, 262, 22; 269, 

16. 
anmob, 190, 23 ; 229, 29. 
anon, 197, 26. 
anpa6, 181,8. 
anpen* 76, 22. 
anpoban, 217,3. 
anplob, 252, 27. 
ap, 146, 18; 148, 14; 

176,11; 250,23. 
apa&baa, 261, 30 ; 262, 8. 
ap»man. 174,10; 203,29. 
apcpvfns, 250, 23. 



ape, 58,29; 62,31; 91, 

8; 114,4; 130,22; 

147,6; 148,20; 193, 

12; 234,21; 244,27; 

277, 24. 
i^eafian, 196, 12. 
apeccan, 224,9; 250.5; 

262, 8. 
afseleb, 207, 21. 
afceaben, 275, 25. 
afoeop, 201, 32. 
apealcan, 130,30. 
aj-ecjan, 225, 19; 286. 12. 
aflnpan, 169, 7. 
afppunsen, 6,4. 
afn^an. 184, 15 ; 197, 6. 
afcpienan, 59, 19. 
ajpamat^, 24, 12. 
afpepan, 199.9. 
aceon, 11, 19; 12, 8; 

256, 34. 
acoU 188, 8; 190; 18; 

206,21; 268, 7,26; 

269,15; 270, 26; 271. 

20; 272,33; 273,16; 

274, 28. 
actep, 267, 18; 269,26; 

272,34; 274,3ft 284.8. 
aupnen, 98, 6» 
apa, 204,24; 283,31. 
apacian, !229, 20. 
apeabte, 11, 12. 
apenban, 17, 13« 
i^qbc, 19, 13. 
apinnan, 257,8. 
afoppen, 27,20. 
apubc, 32, 1. 

apyPX^fe. 284, 3. 
axan, 154, 9. 
aS, 205,5. 
a))cncan, 26, 2. 
aS-ffap, 213,26. 



VERBAL INDEX. 



317 



B. 

Baec 274. 23. 
baecbn;. 308, 26. 
b»l. 173,30; 242,4. 
bcl.bl}Te,203,9; 230,12. 
bade, 4, 15; 182,9. 
b«l-F^. 173, 4. 
b»piian, 231,5. 
bscan, 173, 25. 
baetS, 299, 8. 
baeS-pcj. 196, II. 
balb, 193,27. 
balbe, 228, 11. 
balbop, 163, 4. 
ban, 12, 9; 243, 13; 

294.9. 
bana, 180, 3. 
ban-bof, 211, 9. . 
bapenian, 207, 22. 
bainebon, 146,4. 
bajn. 261, 10. 

be. 193, 8. 

beacen,101,ll; 167,19; 
191.24; 198.10; 199, 
28 ; 227, 23. 

beabo-fea|io, 214, 21. 

beaba-m«3en, 198. 28. 

beab. 116.2; 213,22. 

bealo-fpeD. 210. 5. 

beala,61.9; 178.1; 192, 
27. 

beam. 183.20; 184,22; 
183.11; 193, 19; 214, 
10. 

beapb, 138, 29. 

bea|ibcm, 143, 16 ; 181, 
23. 

beapm, 201. 20; 286, 24. 

beapn, 273, 29 : 274,12. 

beapo. 172,7: 247,21. 

beapu. 53. 80 ; 134, 8. 



bebeoban, 173, 9. 
bebob, 221. 2. 
bebobce, 301, 5. 
beb«laii, 269,4; 272,19; 

276,9; 282,34; 285, 

27. 
bebb.pe[re, 135,26; 164, 

16. 
bebpijan, 276, 22. 
bcbpopen, 33, 31; 51, 8; 

120^22; 125,20. 
beb^eb, 17, 18. 
bep^man, 204,32. 
bqapoi, 209, 10. 
bepealfoejr, 62, 6. 
bepeallen, 21, 26. 
bepens, 204, 7. 
bepeope, 222, 8. 
bqxden, 251, 7. 
be|:y]]eb,23,17; 128,10. 
bepin. 288, 15. 
bejecan, 255, 3. 
bejpinban, 91, 33. 
bejpopen, 268. 9. 
be^popman, 16, 14. 
bebaepbon. 148,9. 
bebealban, 190, 27. 
bebeopian.160.2; 163.21. 
bebopan, 277, 25. 
bebpylfan, 204. 28. 
beleac. 14. 25 ; 58, 12 ; 

206,24. 
bdejeS. 234, 22. 
bebcjan. 15, 13. 
beU, 185, 12. 
belocen. 180. 11; 239,24. 
belopen, 6, 9. 
bemeapn, 139, 14. 
ben, 12. 6; 118, 29; 132, 

26; 191,18; 192.27; 

243, 12. 
bena, 135,26; 142.6. 



benaeman.129.32; 286,2. 
benb. 268, 2 ; 290, 12. 
benemeb, 272, 18. 
beneoom, 63, 32. 
benmnen, 23, 20. 
beoban, 188. 11. 
beob-jepeopb, 91, 27. 
beopan, 303, 30. 
beopan, 277. 17. 
beqik, 186. 1 ; 191, 9. 
beopk-bleoS, 130, 13. 
beopb-bkSn, 206, 7. 
beopn,146,23; 201,21; 

214. 2 ; 230, 13. 
beop^le, 214, 2. 
beoc,5, 11; 232,24.25. 
bepan, 224, 27. 
bepeapan, 219, 23. 
bqieafob, 180, 15. 
bepenebon, 187,6. 
bepbtm-bp«c, 240. 3. 
bepopan. 125. 13. 
bepofen, 179. 30. 
bepfcan, 208, 15. 
bqr^pian, 4, 34 ; 25, 12; 

285, 26. 
bepealb, 3, 27. 
befeon, 257, 4. 
befbesen. 121, 15. 
beflas^A. 4. 17. 
bepoDitan, 162, 14. 
benueban.248,16; 250. 

34. 
befcemeb, 206, 8. 
befcpubon. 125, 14. 
bejfp«leb. 243. 18. 
beffican, 217,28. 
bef^»|Pan, 162, 13.- 
beam, 39,13; 165.15; 

185, 32. 
bepanb, 140, 34. 
bepap^jaa. 85, 31. 



318 



VERBAL INDEX: 



befmban, 133» 18. 
beplitan, 177» 6. 
bepoppen, 25, 13. 
beppecan, 2do» 12« 
beppisen, 10,14; 218,24. 
be)»eahc» 5, 23 ; 181,13. 
bi. 30, 1. 

btgranban, 18,36. 
bilepic, 279, 23. 
bibSe, 232, 7. 
bin, 190, 14 : 260, 14. 
bin-jpaSe, 198, 27. 
blac, 184, 23; 183,11; 

191,10; 231,1^. 
blac-blcop, 118, 24. 
blabo, 61, 8. 
bla^, 2, 5 ; 13, 24 ; 53, 

11; 54,26; 55,31; 

113,26; 198,6; 213, 

1 ; 225, 34 ; 247, 20 ; 

263, 16; 287, 7. 
bl«b.bK3. 13,9; 73,7. 
bUftjr. 196,11. 
blanb, 197, 19. 
Uacenbe, 60, 14. 
bleaSe, 206, 17. 
bbcan, 250, 12. 
bbf, 2,4; 288,16. 
bb9-beopc, 12, 28. 
blob-cjepi, 208, 8. 
blob-25t:e, 92, 10. 
blonben-feaz, .141, 7; 

157, 5. 
blojrme, 286, 25. 
blocan, 173, 5. 
bocepe, 211,22; 226, 1. 
boc-jr»F, 261, 10; 262, 7. 
boba,31,24; 34,5. 
bobijean, 210.4. 
bobfcipe, 35, 10. 
bog. 40. 26; 209, 12; 

188. 21 ; 209. 12. 



bolb, 273, 19 ; 308. 4. 
bblgen-mob, 228, 26. 
bopa, 296, 10. 
bopb. 193, 28. 
bopb-bpeoSan, 187, 30; 

192,23; 198,9. 
boc, 164, 21; 178, 2; 

215, 13 ; 228. 10. 
bod, 107. 34. 
bod-2ejrpeon,65,32; 97, 

32;.116. 3. 
botm, 21,27; 310,5. 
bpa&ban. 182, 9 ; 186,1; 

191, 29. 
bp»fen, 244. 16. 
bpanb,21, 16; 231,12. 
bpecan, 288, 15. 
bpejo, 12,7; 60,4; 62, 

3; 218,30; 232,6. 
bpe^o-peapb. 140, 26; 

166, 13. 
bpeman, 241, 17. 
bpembep. 177, 12. 
bpeme. 222, 13. 
bpeofc, 177,3. 
bpeofc-copi, 36, 19. 
bpeojr-xebjjb. 78, 6. 
bpeofC-jeSanc, 241, 5. 
bpeofc-loca, 226, 7. 
bpeofc-nec, 192,24. 
bpeocone, 308, 3. 
bperiie,169,17;226.18. 
bpiin.208,2; 214,20. 
bpim-pipo, 236. 17. 
bping, 196, 12. 
bpoga, 154, 7. 
bpob.)>pea, 108, 29. 
bpotSop-bana, 92, 9. 
bpoSop-cpeahn. 68. 10. 
bpucan, 161. IS. 
l^ttn, 209. 13. 
bp^be-lafte. 164. 15. 



bpjue. 154, 7; 182, 7; 

231, 12 ; 232, 24 ; 

244.29; 245,11. 
bpjue-pelb, 175. 6; 177, 

18. 
bp^duan, 259, 14. 
bp5-cca,,8, 10, 24; 97, 

29; 111, 18; 159.27; 

165,6: 266,17. 
bpeman, 72, 4 ; 74, 22 ; 

131.19; 201,23. 
bpjxcisan, 4, 12. 
buBn. 16, 7. 
busan, 18,34. 
bnn. 259. 18. 
btqi. 144. 7. 
bnpje-peapb. 226, 19. 
bupb. 210, 4 ; 278, 1. 
bupb-pejren, 101, 10. 
bapb-jeac, 146, 22. 
bu]ib-2epeapb, 262, 6. 
bopb-bleoS, 182, 3. 
bupb-leob, 300, 7. 
bupb-loca, 153, 12. 
buph-ptxenbe, 170, 18. 
bupb-fcebe. 65, 7 ; 218, 

31; 287.6. 
bupb-peaU, 282,31. 
buph-peapbe, 180, 2.- 
byhc, 133, 20. 
bjmc, 186, 2 ; 187, 31 ; 

226,29. 
bj-p, 75, 1. 
bi-pjan, 33. 12. 
b\-pbc-ropb, 279, 15. 
btren. 34,6;36,13;41. 

3 ; 42. 29. 
bixban, 112,33; 131.15. 

C. 
Cm. 211. 11./ 



VERBAL INDEX. 



319 



calb, 304, 29. 
calla. 193, 26. 
capcepn, 295.21. 
capleaf, 188, 10. 
ceap. 105. 2 ; 106. l€ ; 

112,28: 115,13. 
ceapian, 262, 5. 
ceap, 269, 2. 
ceap-fopje, 68, 9. 
cempa, 260, 9. ' 
cen, 198. 14 ; 200, 14. 
ceoppan, 248, 11. 
ceofan. 277, 14. 
cime, 39, 1. 
cm-bep2. 188, 28. 
cipm, 153,31. 
cijre, 192. 10. 11. 
daene, 260, 10. 
clam, 248, 28. 
clom, 24. 6; 26, 17; 150. 

4; 271,10; 274,21; 

292, 22. 
clufrpo, 27,11. 
cK-pian. 94, 30. 
cneo-mat;, 64, 28. 
cneo-pim, 72. 22 ; 98, 32. 
cneojuf, 177,32. 
cneopifn, 76, 12. 
cneop-maej. 104. 1 1 ; 106, 

29; 178.34; 189.16; 

198.6; 205.12; 259, 

36. 
cneop-pim. 65, 13. 
cneop-pb. 200, 13. 
cnofcl. 64, 12 ; 104. 4. 
copa, 88. 13. 
copCep. 99.27; 148.7; 

189,27; 207.11; 221, 

28. 
cofcian, 306, 28. 
coftijan, 172, 18. 
cpc^, 193. 13 ; 230, 1. 



cpmpui, 208, 11. 
cuma. 146,32; 148,8; 

150^3. 
combol, 188,29; 227,1. 
ciiiiii]an,204, 16; 249,16. 
capon, 193, 9 ; 218, 1. 
cajfc, 39,2. 
qpiil, 229, 30. 
cpaman, 284, 12. 
cpealm, 61, 29 ; 98, 1 ; 

207,18; 246,6. 
cpealm-bpeop, 60,22. 
cpealm-]>pea, 151, 12. 
c|«lm, 257, 36. * 
qreman, 276, 5 ; 283, 16. 
cpen, 210, 7. 
epic, 176,19; 177,5. 
cpic-lip;;enbe, 79, 14. 
cpib, 269, 2. 
cpf^lb, 188, 11. 
cyle, 8,30; 285.10. 
cjube, 167, 26. 
cyne, 104, 16. 
cyne-beapn, 102, 23. 
ctne-pice, 198. 5. 
cine-rrol. 283, 1. 
cfiie-|>p^, 260. 8. 
cj-nii, 76, IS. 
c\^pe, 207. 12. 
c^pm. 145, 17. 
ctiunan, 207, 3. 
c57r. 115.14; 238,6. 
cyp:lcar. 61, 28. 
ctS, 169. 15. 
c^pan, 283. 2. 



D. 

Dsbe. 222, 8. 
bcb-fpuma, 59. 27. 
b«b-bpier, 238, 12. 



bcb-lcaa. 194, 20. 
bcb-pop, 131, 8; 156, 16. 
bcb-peopc 214, 26. 
baes-bcb, 212, 18. 
b»3peb, 289,27; 294,4. 
bcs-pna, 60, 1; 80, 20; 

131,9; 156,31. 
baes-fcealb, 182,22. 
bK3-ab, 100, 4. 
b»S-peopc» 187, 14; 197, 
30; 209,28; 210,21. 
bae^-poma, 199,26. 
b«l,2.22. 
balQ, 27,21. 
beaK. 282.8. 
bealle, 111,1. 
beapiieD^38,5; 39,21. 
be^nimsA, 29, 14. 

beap, 239. 16. 

bei^piaf, 233, 17. 

beapi^, 119,24; 188,4; 
199, 25. 

beaS-beam, 40, 13. 

bca5-bpep, 209, 6. 

bea5-pxbe, 216, 1. 

bema. 288, 13. 

beoFol-b«b, 217,5. 

beoFol-|;5-Ib, 180, 18. . 

beop, 197,31; 209,29; 
210, 20. 

beope, 165, 15. 

beop, 198,14; 239,16. 

beopc, 271, 13. 

beope6-fcea|x, 119,23. 

beopmib, 183, 25 ; 226, 
14. 

bepian, 30, 23 ; 233,11. 

bihcQ, 120,11. 

biin,43,S; 271,13; 285, 
14. 

bojop, 98» 5 ; 155, 12. 

bbhc«, 78,5. 



320 



VERBAL INDEX. 



bfA. 22,14. 

bolhoe. 19, 22. 

bom. 4, 19; 40«1; 177. 

30; 211.2; 217,33; 

225.33. 

bom-eabig* ^^» ^» 
bamptfc, 78.2; 91, 10; 

107»8. 
bonnan. 241. 4« 
bofloileaf , 279, 3. 
bpaca, 270,30; 285,13. 
bpea]ii,2.1; 4,20. 
bpeapan;, 238, 3. 
bpecan. 131, 22. 
bpeh&e. 135, 27. 
bpen-j]ob, 200, 80. 
bpeo^vi* 2, 23 : 9, 15 ; 

12, 23 ; 55, 2. 
bpeop, 63,12; 187, 15. 
bpeops, 289, 8. 
bpeopij-mob, 169, 24. 
bpihc, 182, 21 ; 209, 7. 
bpihc-folc, 179, 26; 198, 

13 ; 216, 2. 
bpihc-ne, 188, 5. 
bpihqiape, 31, 14. 
bpilic-pep, 107,32; 129, 

28. 
bpohcaB, 109, 6. 
bpope, 238, 3 ; 265, 23. 
bpnpon, 180, 18. 
bpy;, 195, 28. 
bp^licen-peapb, 249, 24. 
bpfman, 168, 11. 
bpjpmjbe, 180, 5. 
bu2tf5,2,ll; 4,19; 63, 

14; 112,10; 180,7; 

183, 13; 209. 17; 213, 

2 ; 245, 1. 
bnpijnim, 107, 33. 
biuip 175.17. 
bupn, 288, 14. 



bnjr, 302, 24. 

b$sl€,224,2. 

b;^, 288, 13; 289, 7. 

27; 294,5. 
bffkun, 17.9. 
b^nan. 164. 10. 



Eaoen^ 130.12; 135,2; 

157, 14; 167, 15; 224, 

14; 246,27. 
eab, 26,5; 199,15. 
eabig, 112,29; 216.4. 
eabop. 154, 18. 
eappa, 35, 5. 
eaje, 204, 2. 
ealbop, 151,2. 
ealbopbom,198,3; 199,8. 
ealbop-jebal, 118, 2. 
ealh-rcebe, 258,11. 
eallenpi, 30, 34. 
ealo-jal, 145, 19. 
ealfalba,.16,20. 
eapel, 290, 7. 
eape, 262, 30. 
eapoe-bopb, 80^ 23; 82, 

.4; 84,26. 
eapb, 272, 1 ; 277, 14. 
eapbfvfc, 171,27. 
eappeSu, 33, 1. 
eapF09, 12,4; 255.12; 

272, 29. 
eap3,36,32. 
eajren, 35, 16. 
ea^jrpeam, 14, 9; 240, 

11. 

eaSf^be. 120, 12. 
ealSmeb, 234, 20. 
ece, 277,4. 12. 



tei. 203, 24 ; 260, 14. 
e<^-pale, 126, 2. 
eb, 84, 30. 
eboeppe, 293, 7. 
ebneof , 20, 25. 
ebop, 147,25; 150,5. 
ebfoeaft, 222, 30. 
ebnlf-ftaep, 68, 16. 
ebjnbcan, 117, 15. 
ebpc 165^7; 301, 32; 

307. 13. 

epie, 70, 24; 133, 27; 

141. 13; 154, 11; 233, 

14. 
epigebadan, 183,22. 
epuaD, 227, 7, 13. 
efjte, 174, 2. 
eftp^b, 212, 15. 
cjejv, 161,21; 164,7; 

208,29. 
e2e|pi]l,209.26; 222,17. 
e^efbc, 250, 31 ; 260, 33. 
ejle, 258, 21. 
ejop-bepe, 84, 23 ; 92.3 1 . 
cjop-fcpeam, '83, 4. 
esfi^ 185,12; 288,12; 

289, 6. 
e^'p^peBBkg 85, 15. 
ebtian, 241, 25. 
eipeSt 267, 10. 
ele-beam, 88, 30. 
eUen, 59, ^2. 
dlen-bttb, 31, 13. 
ellen-poF, 107,1; 110,26; 

112,23. 
en]»eobis. 159,3; 162,10; 

218. 14. 
enbe-lean, 227, 15. 
enbe-pun, 265, 24. 
enbe-ft»F, ^^« ^* 
eopeb, 187. 27. 

copl. 120,13; 194,15. 



VERBAL IND£X. 



321 



^optkmnb, 98, 8. 
copS-c^, 201, 10. 
eopft-c^mi^ 235, 14, 
eopS-juce, 27. 1 8 ; 29, 23; 

33.1. 
eop5-fqi«p, 156. 27. 
eopS-pek, 112,29. 
€opeb, 250, 4. 
epe, 181, 24. 
€fel, 307, 18. 
«rol 173, 25. 
€jT. 76, 2 ; 91. 8 ; 147, 

21; 226,21. 
cimm, 117,11; 142.4. 
cucpaeef, 15, 16. 
6x1,177,7. 
e5, 220, 28. 
eSan, 219, 19. 
el$el-bpeam, 97,4. 
eM-eapbe, 1 1 6, 33. 
eSel-lanb, 83, 14; 118. 

20 ; 218, 15. 
eSelleaf, 186, 15; 212. 3. 
e5el-meapc 106,9; 112, 

22; 133,8. 
eM-pihr, 191, 8. 
cM-jielb. 113,32. 
ctSel-fed, 115,30. 
etSel-jraM. 6, 25. 
eM-jrol, 69, 2 ; 89, 23 ; 

105,4. 
etSel-]rop,64,19: 164,33. 
eSel-cupf, 162, 6. 
e^l-peapb, 219, 16. 
e$el-t$p^, 98, 23. 
etSf^be, 215, 6. 
€9m, 309, 4. 
etSjl-p:»F, 134,11. 
etSJl-tupp, 14. 26; 104, 

14; 106.20; 163,33. 



F. 

Facea, 162,13; 187,13; 

268,35. 
faec, 258, 28. 
pecD, 29. 1. 

pebepa.114,7; 125.16. 
j»bep-«fSelOb 200;, 24. 
pebep^. 213. 29. 
F«x«. 76. 30i 83. 19; 

188,16; 194,27. 
fsesen, 131, 26. 
fsejep, 214,8. 
j»hSe, 55. 27; 63, 9; 

289,30; 305,2. 
Fsele, 138,33; 150,25. 
fsemne, 157, 6. 
Faep,3,30; 22,1; 79,6; 

80.4; 85,23; 163,17; 

182,7; 186.6; 195. 

20; 206.16; 253.8. 
pppe. 84. 8. 

perl. 79. 13; 80. 17; 82.8. 
pejtan.253.7; 306.20. 
pejrcn, 9, 27 ; 180, 22; 

181,5; 259.15. 
fSIxh^Q, 81, 18. 
peiSm, 4, 32; 196, 20; 

209, 24 ; 232, 16. 
Fah.4,31: 55,24,35; 56, 

16; 63, 29; 196,5; 

207, 31; 212. 18; 270, 

28; 272,31; 274, 19; 

275, 32. 
ph-pep, 78, 10. 
pzDpan, 208, 10. 
jrami^-bonD, 209, 2. 
pna, 193, 18. 
fanbian, 244, 29. 
fanbijan, 145, 24. 
pinbunj^, 87, 21. 
pap, 213. 19. 



pqM«. 32, 7. 

ppe. 105, 1. 

pipu, 239, 31^ 

pea, 128, 30; 220, 4: 

236, 25. 
peahi, 123, 14. 
feafceajt:. 126.24; 181, 

18. 
pax. 243. 18. 
F«ba]i.59,8;64.23; 65. 

35; 67.24; 78.25; 

103. 3. 
Fdb. 196.5: 226,13. 
Felb-bur.183.3; 186.3; 

191. 31. 
FeQS»6,33. 
peo. 161.2. 
peoli. 13. 12; 78. 26; 

164,23. 
poh-fceat^ 262, 14. 
feolo. 290, 26. 
peon, 56, 18. 
peoi^.4,21; 87,11. 
peonb-paef . 55, 26. 
peop, 213, 5. 
peoph, 12, 13; 200,23; 

202,7. 
peopk-bana, 62, 26; 125, 

32. 
peoph-bepenb, 117, 17. 
peoph-<7ea]m, 63, 26. 
peop]i.b«2. 142, 8. 
peoph-jebcoph, 201, 8. 
peoph-leaa, 187, 12. 
peoph-nepe,237, 18;^8. 

3. 
peopme, 99, 22 ; 104. 6; 

161, 2. 
pep. 93, 19. 
pepeobe, 180, 14. 
peph5, 185,8; 241,19. 
pephS-bana, 203, 5. 



322 



VERBAL INDEX. 



pephS-c«api2, 133, 28. 
peph5-copi, 157, 8. 
pephtS-locR. 194,27. 
fepian, 201,21. 
peplopen, 20, 1. 
Fep6, 180, 26. 
fecijean, 161, 17. 
jei^a, 192,2; 194.26; 

197. 25; 278, 13; 293, 

19. 
Fc5e. 24,17; 153,6; 207, 

31. 

feMeaf , 56, 6. 
FetS6p-hoina,27, 13; 42,6. 
peppia, 56, 17. 
pnbun, 18, 1, 
pp, 202, 30. 
ppen, 2, 14. 
ppen-baeb, 155, 29. 
ppenpil, 268, 34. 
ppne, 274, 27. 
ppnian, 303, 29. 
ppnum, 51,26. 
pfon, 14,21. 
pete, 124, 33. 
flaefc-homa, 83, 27. 
plan, 192, 25. 
pleah, 188,16. 
pleam, 254, 20. 
f\eb. 15, 12. 
flema, 62, 27. 
fleo^an, 27. 14. 
pleon, 248, 13. 
flecc, 147, 29. 
j:lecc-2;cp:ealb, 97, 11. 
flenc-paS, 165, 10. 
jJob-blac, 209, 11. 
Flob.€3ja, 206. 4. 
jlob-peapb, 209, 3. 
plob-pe;, 184, 12. 
plop, 267, 17; 284,8. 



floca, 186, 3; 191,31; 

198, 32. 
ploc-mon, 89,3. 
pl5inan, 127, 24. 
plc-beapn, 105, 28. 
folc-cu8, 203, 22. 
folc-c^nin^;, 119,4. 
folc-bpihc, 76,24. 
p>1ce-ppen, 145, 23. 
plC'Fpea, 111,7. 
plc-^ep^t 128, 29 ; 241, 

29. 
polc-jertttl, 18,^10. 
fole-^ejtetl, 19, 6. 
p>1c-2€p:peoQ, 119, 17. 
folc-3ecel, 192, 9. 
p>lc-3etpam, 119, 29; 

123, 18. 
Folc-maejen, 199, 31 ; 

227, 11. 
plc-m8es{S»77, 18; 133, 

20. 
plc-msepe, 108,5. 
pk-pihc, 179, 1. 
folc-rceap, 106, 34 ; 112, 

17; 149,20; 162,12. 
p>lc-p[«be, 116,8. 
folc-ixjrbe, 120,25. 

folc-fpcoc* 215, 2. 
folc-cal, 201,29. 
folc-coja, 118, 6; 178, 
19 ; 194, 1 ; 249, 10. 

folc-jwj* 151 » 17. 
polc-jwp,14,21; 110,30. 

plb, 10,2; 277,32. 
plb-pe^, 123. 24. 
FQljaiS, 284, 30. 
foliii,4.31; 202,31. 
popan, 251, 1« 
pplMBpnan, 185«16. 
ppbi^an* 4, 15. 
p>pbt2eb, 5, 12. 



popbopfcen, 5, 11. 
fopbpecan, 260, 13. 
p>pe, 61, 33. 
p>pe2eiii^ 185, 9. 
fopemeahnj, 100, 24. 
p>pepeall. 196, 25. 
p>pfaiiSen, 254, 19. 
p>pppan, 177,4. 
p>p25'lbaii, 197,31. 
p>p^ixian, 21, 20. 
p>phabban, 208. 22. 
pphappeb, 225, 1. 
pjihaten, 38, 20. 
pphealben, 7, 6. 
pphelan, 36, 29. 
popht, 117, 18; 118.23; 

131,5; 161,16; 194, 

11; 261,13. 
pplaehan, 29, 18; 147, 

13. 
popliepan, 29, 18. 
poplaecan. 15, 19; 26, 

10; 217,32. 
f Dplop, 45, 4 ; 47, 8. 
Fopniman, 153, 34 ; 196, 

10. 
pojiob, 5, 10. 
poprceap, 190, 25. 
poppceap, 55, 22. 
poppceop, 20, 14. 
poppcepen, 269, 12. 
poppqiipen, 267, 5. 
poppiccan, 173, 10. 
popplc^en, 122. 5. 
ppfpeon, 22, 34. 
popp:, 239. 29. 
poppcanban, 152, 18. 
ppjrolen, 95, 15. 
popfpapcn. 25. 9. 
popppealh, 154, 17. 
popppelsan, 57, 34. 
poppeapb, 49, 6. 



VERBAL INDEX. 



323 



foppeop^an, 151, 3; 156» 

14; 277.1. 
pppopht^ 24, 21 ; 53, 6 ; 

269. 21. 
fopimobob. 273. 4. 
ppfJiman. 134, 3. 
fop<(. 184. 7. 
poplSbiepo. 8. 31. 
fop6ce<^n. 99. 7. 
fopS^an;. 207. 20. 
|x>p9-bep2e, 192. 1. 
fopSpjne. 14, 8. 
|x>p9ir«<inian. 144. 15. 
f<^9reapb. 13. 29 ; 86. 

26; 100. 3. 
P>P^P^»1 70.14; 179,22; 

185.27; 193.1 7; 200.1. 
fpac05. 235, 10. 
jpacoMice. 55. 25. 
n^aecen, 136. 22; 229, 8. 
fpaecon, 187, 7. 
ITiaecu, 28. 28 : 128,21; 

171. 16. 
Fpanca, 119. 20. 
fpea.1,9; 10,1; 178.30. 
fpec, 155. 30. 
fpecen,31.21; 43.9.11; 

96.20; 179,33; 214. 

17; 230.4; 245.20; 

282, 10. 
fpeme. 13. 29; 38, 22; 

59,13; 79.20. 
fpemman. 2. 14 ; 3. 4. 
fpeo, 29, 28; 76. 10; 

220.4. 
Hieobeapn.131,26; 230, 

26; 232.19. 
jpeo-bpo6op, 199. 14. 
fpeob, 63, 2. 
fpeolcc. 55. 17 ; 61. 16. 
fpeobc. 12. 12; 59.23; 

72.19; 97,25. . 
t2 



IPjieoliic. 54. 28. 
fpeom. 169. 1 ; 178. 19. 
fpeo-mae;. 60.18; 63,28; 

72.8; 200.12. 
ppeomann, 131. 12. 
fpconb. 189, 3. 
fpeonb-hipi, 110, 7. 
fptfonb-mfnb. 109.31. 
fP«oiib-rpeb, 140, 19. 
Fpco5o.81,19; 110.15; 

229,25. 
fpeoSo-fcealc. 138, 33; 

150,25. 
FPCo5c>>jpeb, 73, 2. 
FpedSo-paepe. 197, 13. 
Fpeo]H>-]>eap, 5, 29. 
Hw5o, 89, 28. 
Fpumi. 31. 34. 
FpiS. 2. 15; 229, 9; 245, 

21 ; 260, 28. 
fpitS-canfoel. 153. 15. 
HuS-^ebal, 69, 27. 
Fpi^, 4. 21 ; 70. 11. 
fpiikK-caoen. 142,29. 
Fpob.70.16;74.14;181, 

9; 179.15; 200.11. 
fpopep, 183, 7. 
fpom. 181, 1. 
fpom-cime. 106. 2. 
ppom-c}-]!!!, 92. 25; 96. 

19; 133, 1. 
Fpom-kb. 126. 20. 
Fpomfjiican, 119, 18. 
fpama, 1, 10. 
fpum-beafin. 59. 24; 73, 

35; 180,1; 199,13. 
p]ium>ciieof, 201, 12. 
p|ium.c\ii, 200, 23 ; 236, 

6. 
Fpum-jap, 72. 7 ; 222, 7. 
fjium-japa, 71, 11; 80, 

25 : 102. 31 ; 123. 28. 



Fpum-bpae^ 58. 8. 
fpompxivc, 195,9. 
Fpiim-rl»p, 222, 22. 
Fprnn-rppcce. 236, 24. 
Fpmn-fcol. 59. 14. 
fpymS. 144, 16. 
FPt6o» 91, 16. 
ful 188, 13. 
paBcfC, 213, 18. 
pdlpm. 130, 1. 
pill-pona, 117,9. 
pilcoin, 11. 11; 169,1. 
folpihc. 299, 8. 
pubiaii,137,5; 150,17; 

250,8. 
piptSiim, 69,6; 153. 16. 
pif, 10,10:28.28; 184, 

6; 185,27; 193,17. 
fiix^ui, 16, 27. 
Fjn. 124, 14; 248, 15. 
FyUan, 127. 20. 
Ftljraii,149,34: 159.8. 
Ftope, 72. 10. 
fJTi-dom, 267, 16. 
F$7ib.26,18;43,ll;180, 

32; 183, 8; 186, 7; 

194,2; 195.10. 
Ftpb-jepxaD. 120, 23. 
FSTb-jccpum, 184, 6; 

189. 1. 
>57ib.leo5. 215. 3. 
fypb-pinc, 127. 1. 
Fjlib-pic. 185, 28. 
Fallen. 226, 4. 
Fj-pen-eappelS, 44, 14 
F5li-2«bpcc, 154,24. 
Fj-p-leoma, 272, 32. 
Fjli-loca, 268, 20. 
Fjpn. 32, 5. 
F5iin.b«2« 213, 28 ; 236» 

7 ; 293. 31. 
F^inum. 20, 28; 50, 16. 



324 



VERBAL INDEX. 



jpJpiT, 194,28; 197,9; 

203,5. 
fypjr*meapc, 251, 8. 



O. 

Gab, 222, 10. 
2»b» 15, 21. 
jaebelins, 242, 20. 
japl, 119, 12. 
sal, 21. 21. 
jalan, 215, 3. 
Xaljc, 297. 2 ; 299, 15. 
jalfcipe, 22, 15. 
jamel, 193, 3. 
^amen. 42, 18. 
^amol-FepM, 173, 26. 
janj. ^2, 20. 
janjenbe, 164, 23. 
sap, 187. 28; 193, 2; 

199. 27 ; 297. 2. 
2^]i-beam, 193, 14. 
2^p-bepenbe. 192, 13. 
jap-pap, 199, 23. 
3ap-beap, 198, 11. 
Xapfecj, 8, 1 ; 195, 24 ; 

205,3. 
Sap-pofon, 198, 20. 
jarc-cyiuiis. 174, 24. 
I9f>^(^bsl, 68, 33. 
jafrlic, 13. 27. 
Sealbmob, 230, 8. 
SeaD]>ixi3ian, 62, 5. 
jeapef, 154, 16. 
Seapa, 26,21. 
jeapb. 32, 30 ; 46, 6. 
2eap-bas3, 99,36; 287,16. 
jeape, 3, 26. 
jeapo, 29, 25 ; 230. 14. 
jeapu, 199, 16. 
jcap-cophc, 94, 13. 



Seappa. 41,16; 73,29. 
jeappe. 43. 23 ; 158, 30 ; 

181,11. 
3eac, 305, 19. 
jebeaph. 163. 7; 246, 6. 
Sebeb, 227, 24 ; 228. 14. 
jebebba, 109, 25. 
jebebfape, 148, 35. 
3ebes«b. 292. 26. 
SeblaebpejT, 6. 15. 
Seblonben, 272, 34. 
jebobfcipe, 28, 3. 
jebpecan, 4, 32. 
2eli57ib, 37, 2. 
jel^San, 31, 10. 
Seqiem, 278, 5. 
jec^be, 216, 8. 
2ec}^an,196,16;277,6. 
Sebal, 57, 19 ; 84, 20. 
jebeaf , 306, 27. 
jebepe, 78, 2. 
jebpear, 209, 15. 
Sebpenceb. 179, 25. 
Sebpencce, 209, 16. 
Sebpihc, 148, 26; 197, 

10; 217,13. 
jebptmofc, 182, 21. 
Sebnpui, 266, 30. 
Sebpdb. 2, 22. 
jebpola, 217, 14. 
Sebpolen, 116. 14. 
Secjleb, 237. 27. 
Sepecian. 297, 22. 
Sepea. 4. 22. 
SepeaHan, 208, 12. 
SepcspejT. 79. 12. 
Sepepan, 29. 20; i96, 4. 
Sejxpian, 274, 3. 
Sepecepiaii, 175, 27. 
jepecepob, 207, 19. 
Seplemeo, 293, 30. 
Se05'meb, 232, 17. 



Sefopmian. 162.24. 
2«n»»S«»71.20;201,7; 

235,10. 
3eni»sii. 196. 2. 
Seppssorc. 202, 27. 
Sepptttpian, 14, 7. 
3e|7iecnob, 227, 10. 
Senujen, 177,28. 
Sepjlleb, 179.33. 
S«Fjr«*>. 180, 32. 
jejieppan, 173,3. 
Sejeappijean. 29. 30. 
Sejeappob, 12, 17. 
Sejcnse. 46, 13. 
Seppeb, 39, 6. 
Sejkbaxi, 288, 6. 
2esQuii3a,42,11.33; 229, 

4. . 
jespemeb, 4, 29. 
2e3)iiiib,124,15; 198,29. 
SebaefC, 24, 19. 
3ebaep::eb, 24, 29. 
jebaeseb, 188, 17. 
jeheap. 285, 18. 
Sebeneb, 276. 18. 
jehicsan. 275, 29. 
Sebilce, 176, 1. 
Sehlaban. 220. 2. 
jebleac, 166,10. 
Sehbb, 37, 3. . 
3cMi«. 47, 21. . . 
jehnaert, 121.24. 
Sehpeopan, 288. 2 ; 298, 

29. 
jehj-b. 261, 27. 
Sehjsb, 219, 4. 
Seh^lb, 202. 8. 
Seinnob, 3, 28. 
jelab, 181,9: 190,28; 

197, 27. 
Selsefran, 229, 19. 
Seleah, 4, 5. 



VERBAL INDEX. 



325 



^deuuan, 25, 15. 
^elepan, 279,31. 
jelihcan, 291, 16. 
^eluDpan, 2, 33. 
^elubon, 93,28. 
^elnnan, 273, 2. 
jehTan, 26,3; 219,22. 
Ztijjtb, 213, 21. 
^emscca, 76, 18. 
3em»3, 1 14, 14. 
2einaetan,223,20; 225,21 . 
jemeapc, 174,28. 
jemeapcob, 23, 21 ; 310, 

10. 
jemenseb, 227, 9. 
jemec, 175, 15; 231,21; 

247,5; 295,22. 
2einuiibb57)t>aii, 149, 11. 
SemiTib-bpepen, 94, 34. 
2ein}'nbi3, 213, 7. 
je9, 142, 16. 
^ena, 160, 17. 
^enaejan* 185, 30. 
3ensef, 121,33. 
3;enap, 206, 20. 
jeneahe, 172, 12. 
^eneappoc, 157, 9. 
^eneac, 18,36. 
;eneop, 207, 32. 
jenepian, 233,21. 
^enepi^an, 152, 22 ; 232, 

13. 
2ene6an, 214,17. 
^enihc, 113,21. 
jemp, 9,9; 271,7; 275, 

31 ; 292. 25. 
^enipab, 179,28. 
2en5i>bon, 181, 28. 
jeo, 139. 12. 
^eoc, 230, 14. 
^eocian, 234, 14. 
^eocpe, 229* 3. 



2«oqM)rr, 254, 25. 
3eopan, 34, 31. 
^eopon, 206, 6 ; 215, 8. 
^eofon-lnif, 79,34. 
jeo^oShab, 91,4. 
^eomop, 5, 9; 205, 4; 

206,5. 
jeomop-fpob, 134, 13. 
jeon, 15, 9. 
jeonbfolcii, 3, 29. 
jeoDbftpen, 233, 19. 
Seonbjvnbeb, 118, 21; 

154.6. 
itODbfixan. 265, 18. 
jeonjep, 29, 15. 
^eoo^cpbom, 18, 3, 34; 

41, 26. 
2qi«can,57,26; 275, la 
jepsb, 259, 29. 
jepe, 196, 14. 
jepeaf , 295, 2a 
jepecenob, 211, 12. 
jepifDO, 146, 34. 
^epuffl, 234. 12. 
^epume, 47, 11. 
3ep5-man.l95,30; 208.7. 
3ep5nra, 225. 4 ; 261,9; 

262, 20. 
2eii57iie, 11.2; 94,22; 

242, 17. 
3ep57iiii, 135, 19. 
jeftca, 4, 25. 
jefvleb, 248, 30. 
jejrvlis. 27. 1. 
jejfvlijlic, 16, 32. 
jefccfc, 273. 20. . 
jtffceaban, 209, 25 ; 216, 

32. 
Xejicearr, 224, 6; 225.27. 
;efceapo, 32, 14; 52, 12; 

95,4; 149.4; 171, 

13. 



^ejrceob, 208, 25 ; 209, 

29; 247,1. 
jefcepian, 17» 11. 
jerqiaf, 186. 16* 
Sefcylban, 182,8. 
jejic^pan, 79, 4. 
Sefepuan, 286, 30. 
jefeocn, 302, 20. 
jefeccan, 23,23. 
jerelSeb, 257, 7. 
jepjcpejt:, 234, 8. 
jepne, 211, 18.* 
Sen«» 114,23; 124,23; 

170,3; 257,24. 
jer^Scn, 24, 26. • 
jerloh, 129,26. 
jefome, 6, 1. 
^efpeban, 9% 12. 
jeipeon, 188, 27. 
Sejpon, 45,2; 47,17. 
jerpoDS, 24, 14. 
jefpopnan, 87, 11,33. 
Sepnelan, 25, 10. 
jefcali, 209. 20. 
jefca^lian, 7, 32. 
jefcepuan, 10, 21. 
Sejrepao, 196, 26. 
jejnllaii, 194,2. 
jejirpubaii, 219, 27. . 
jcfC^an, 36, 8. 
Sejrpealh, 210, 9. 
jerpeapc 207, 4. 
jejpeopc, 7, 19; 50. 12. 
gerpicaii, 149, 1. 
jefpinc, 20, 30. 
jefpiSeb, 234, 7. 
jeryhS, 233, 9. 
jerjueo. 195,5. 
SecjBcan. 162. 27; 171, 

32; 173.1. 
Sccal, 101.^27. 
jecea^, 203. 22. 



326 



VERBAL IN 



jecenje, 50,14; 108, 31 ; 

187,9: 255,25. 
jeceob, 222, 28. 
jeceobe, 228, 19. 
jenj^obe, 166, 23. 
^enmbpo, 18, 20; 46, 5. 
^eqiQin, 199,5. 
Secpj-mian, 16, 24. 
2eq»fpaii, 36, 10. 
jecpsf. 185,8. 
jecpaepm, 4, 14. 
jecpeobe, 51, 28. 
Sepanob, 31, 6. 
^epeale, 206,21. 
jepealb, 4, 18. 
jepemmaii, 5, 13; 281, 1 ; 

243,16. 
jepenban, 27, 35. 
jepeoz, 31,11. 
jepepeb, 30,5. 
jepin-bae;, 254, 24. 
jepic, 16, 29; 252,1 ; 255, 

22. 
^epica, 255, 14. 
jepio, 107, 14. 
jcpob, 207, 6. 
jeppecan, 4. 24. 
jeppic, 211,1. 
^eppudeb, 22, 3. 
2e|nixui, 207, 27. 
^epaptSian, 195,1. 
jepJTihco, 244,7. 
^epjTi^utB, 178,11. 
lefaLjm, 27, 8. 
jcjmpan, 255, 33. 
2«8ali. 186.24; 200,10. 
^ejyanc-mecan, 115,9. 
2e]>eahc, 37, 15 ; 228.21. 
jej^encan, 282, 22. 
jejieiicemii, 19,5. 
Itfux^, 245, 25 ; 250, 14. 
2e]»in2an, 103, 7. 



2e)nn2|K>, 30, 31. 
jeSpeab, 112,4; 161.21. 
2c)>piiqjeii, 151, 15. 
3e)iylbi3, 161. 8. 
pete, 7,5; 60,5. 
pelp. 2, 27. 
2ielp-fcea5a, 6, 29. 
pen, 27, 6. 
pejr-liSnjT* H7, 28. 
Pf, 193, 6. 

PFe]«, 103, 31 ; 134, 13. 
PFP«» 49, 16; 267, 2; 

276, 21. 
pjanc-nuec;, 76, 36. 
ph9um, 212. 5. 
plb, 172, 11. 
pn, 205, 3. 
jinpefC, 176, 29. 
pnpaefcen, 211, 10. 
png, 229, 2. 
pnne, 15, 8 ; 59, 2. * 
pODjop, 26, 16. 
pon^opfope, 16, 26. 
pcpenbe, 55, 7. 
slab, 196,17. 
jlaeb, 164,24. 
jlaebmob, 232, 14. 
Sl«mer. 62, 22. 
jleam, 2, 1. 
jleap, 221, 1 ; 286, 10. 
2)^p-feph6, 70, 12; 147, 

27. 
jleap-mob. 243, 22. 
Sleb, 245, 18. 
Xleb-jrjbe, 108. 23 ; 172, 

10. 
jnopnjenbe, 52, 9. 
piopnian, 273, 9. 
piopnpa, 206, 19. 
3n}7in, 146, 10. 
jobcunb, 158, 4. 
jobkc, 18,31. 



job-jpebij;, 62, 4. 
2ob-peb. 215, 22. 
jolb, 228, 4 ; 229, 12. 
^olb-buph, 154, 2. 
2olb-f»t, 262, 36. 
2olb-hopb, 216, 6. 
jombon, 119,11. 
Xpaebij, 276, 21. 
2paef-hur, 309, 11. 
Spaej, 173,22. 
spam, 20, 2 ; 187, 1. 
aieac, 24, 27. 
Spebis. 267, 2. 
2peoc, 56, 9. 
Specan, 192, 18. 
spun, 26, 15 ; 230, 8. 
2piniman» 49, 17. 
2pimine, 4, 29. 
2pinbel, 24, 27. 
2pipan, 4, 30. 
jpijT-bituiij, 285, 7. 
2pom, 219, 7. 
2pome, 230, 15. 
3punb, 22,25,31; 26,15. 
^unb-pela, 59, 1. 
^jmetian, 203, 24. 
SpS-nb. 285, 2. 
2P^e, 208, 26. 
pima, 163, 4; 219, 8; 

232, 14. 
pim-c^, 106, 10. 
pim-pice, 226, 25. 
juiD-pine, 93, 27. 
pim-^eob, 15, 1. 
2u8, 198, 19. 
3utS-bopb, 163,5. 
jutS-cj'iuiig* 128, 8. 
pi«.cjire, 199, 24. 
pi6-flaii, 124, 15. 
piS-Hiemmenb, 192, 14. 
juS-semoc, 124, 1. 
2u5*hep;e. 118,16. 



V£RBAL INDEX. 



327 



SuS-m57ice, 181, 10. 
pi9-|pell» 126. 18. 
pi6-peajib. 188,26. 
2ut$-]»p«c. 04, 6 ; 119, 2. 
2u9-]^peac, 190, 2. 
S^^bbian. 127,6. 
Sn>b]2an. 259,21; 261, 

18. 
XJfo. 177.25; 262,5. 
2>^lb, 226, 22; 228, 18. 
Sj'lban, 27.5; 176,91; 

229,5. 
Sflben, 228, 18. 
S^Uenbe, 208, 26. 
Xjlp, 5, 10. 
^^'Ip-plesa, 193, 2. 
2>*iiiaii, 22,25,31; 166,18. 
25in-c^iin, 14, 29. 
SSlib-jnce, 178, 22. 
Syjuan, 58, 5. 
257ipan, 18,30; 28,26. 
Xjir, 124. 2. 
a;>7t.felc, 212,4. 

H. 

Hab. 235, 2. 

bsfC, 215, 15 ; 228,22; 

232,28; 235,16; 270. 

17; 274,2; 277,10. 
h»2F«alb, 111,28; 198, 

24. 
hae^fcealb-man, 190, 1. 
back, 74, 14. 
haelefi. 19,2; 193, 25; 

201, 23 ; 210, 7. 
hsinan, 148, 18. 
haef, 8, 14 ; 202, 8. 
haeco, 25,6; 232,18. 
faaepen, 207. 33. 
kae6. 185, 5. 
halipejr, 135,5. 



ludriui, 290,28. . 
half-pnptkuQ, 215, 11. 
ham, 9» 9, 17; 206,18; 

270.26; 271,9; 279. 

18; 274.9. 
haiib-3ej€eafc 29, 24. 
liuib-3epe<^, 16,11; 31, 

92; 39.19. 
banb-kui. 178. 29. 
liaiib-in«3cii. 1$, 22. 
banb-plcpi. 124. 3 ; 198. 

29. 
banl^poF, 193. 15. 
banb-peofic, 44.3; 209. 1. 
banb-^cjen. 295. 12. 
baji.185.5: 189.7; 193.4. 
bafpe. 195. 29. 
bac.23.6; 182.19:233, 

6; 236.14; 285,22. 
batpenb, 182. 12. 
bea.?nipb.l09.12; 152.8. 
beaf,$.19; 57.4; 179. 

28. 
beafob-masa. 73. 6; 96, 

36. 
beajpob-pena, 150. 11. 
beajpob-rpma. 94, 28. 
beajpob-pifa, 97, 28. 
beab. 142, 33. 
beab-bujib. 259. 30. 
beab-cmiQj. 8. 14. 
beabfKb^p. 200. 15. 
beab-jefceafr. 1. 8. 
beab-fed, 3, 9. 
beab-^csnuns, 183,23. 
beab-]»pea, 153. 28. 
bcab^UQ^eii. 210. 18. 
bealbenb. 130. 17. 
bealf. 123. 33; 191. 3; 

303.9. 
beabj. 19. 21. 
h«all, 261, 20. 



bealjr, 24. 29. 

bealf •mteje^, 190^6.^ 

bean. 6,20; 57.1; 96.15: 

137. 14. 
beap, 189. 29; 193.6; 

202.2; 214.12; 270.9. 
beapb. 114.2. 
bcapbpaeben. 141. 21. 
beapm. 245. 6. 
beapm-cpjb. 39. 18. 
beapm-loca, 6. 19. 
beapm-plespi. 114.2. 
beapm-foeapu. 28^ 7; 48^ 

25; 51.19. 
beapm-ftvf. 58» !• 
beapm-taa, 61. 4. 
beappa. 17.21; 18.26. 
bea-relb. 261. 7. 
beatk>-pi]ic. 199.4. 
beatk>-pelm. 21, 14. 
beatSo-f^bn, 187,8. 
bebban. 189. 29. 
beban. 215. 14. 
befon-pi3ol, 240, 16. 
bebeojel, 302,17. 
beb.jelb, 267. 25. 92; 

277. 21 ; 287, 25. 
beb-recl, 278, 11. 
bebc, 3,21,32. 
beb«e21,8. 
beb-]>c2n, 244, 4. 
bel-beolSo, 308. 29. 
bell-2e)»fiii, 43, 26. 
ben.foea5a. 43. 22. 
bebn, 7,28; 29.2:107. 

22; 111, 19; 129.17: 

146,11; 198,29:217. 

1 ; 280, 8. 
helpenbpa. 208, 29. 
hel-papu, 291.15; 308.19. 
benlSo. 289. 18. 
beopn-beaceD, 184. 15. 



328 



VERBAL INDEX. 



heofon-canbel, 184, 91. 
heofon-col, 182, 5. 
lieofon-pice, 216, 25. 
keofon-timbeii, 9» 23. 
beofon-toplir, 182, 19. 
hebfoa-peapb, 8.6; 107, 

28. 
hedlb, 248, 1. 
hcolnie, 206, 9; 208, 1. 
beolrreji, 53, 12; 271, 5. 
heolfcep-jceabo, 7, 9. 
keolfcop, 184, 30. 
lieononjwapb, 86, 15. 
heopo, 210,2. 
lieojic, 252, &, 
heopn, 235, 16. 
licopt5-pepot>,96,35; 123, 

4; 125,8. 
heop, 297, 3. 
bepan, 276, 4. 
hepe, 193,16. 
kepe-b^e, 183, 29. 
bepe>cijr, 188,32; 194, 

7; 197,3. 
bepe-pi2(^, 188,2. 

bepe-maec2> ^^^r 31. 
bepe-pa8, 218, 12. 

bepe-peaf, 215, 14. 

bepe-)Tpsce, 195,29. 

bepe-team, 128,4; 130, 

19. 
bepe-r^ma, 253. 30. 
bepe-fic, 123, 26. 
bepe-pijm, 198, 15. 
bepe-pop, 207, 2. 
bepe-pojm, 6, 7 ; 255, 24. 
bepe-|n])f, 121, 25. 
bepe.)»peat, 214, 24. 
bepje, 178,18; 180,16; 

194, 14; 199,33; 228. 

23; 260,25. 
bqiian, 232, 9 ; 267, 33. 



bcpQe, 209. 30; 217, 1 : 

227, 3, 25 ; 260, 16. 
bepm-bealo, 307, 19. 
bee, 19, 34. 
bQe, 18, 1. 
bQc^qiKft, 222, 1. 
b^e-fpob, 117, 13. 
b^e-teone, 136, 21. 
bi^e-^col, 221, 26. 
bibc, 275.23. 
bibtp]l,.58, 14. 
bibdeaf , 144, 9. 
bibdie, 273, 17. 
bilbe, 188,3; 193,5,26. 
bi1be-fpe2» 120, 7. 
bilb-^pflBC, 130, 9. 
bina, 142, 84. 
biimp8, 44, 32 ; 45, 3. 
biiip^, 293, 17. 
biop-beopbe. 17, 27. 
bipeb, 286, 6 ; 288, 5. 
bipa, 90, 3 ; 168, 10. 
blaban, 175,25. 
blsebpfia, 101. 1. 
blap. 57, 28 ; 307, 2. 
hleabcop, 144. 9. 
bleabcop-pm8, 180, 10. 
Uence, 191, 21. 
hleo, 7,7; 182,22; 252, 

32 ; 259, 13. 
bleo-m»2,61.34; 94,3; 

95,21; 96,16. 
bleoman, 291, 19. 
hleop, 57, 27; 137, 16; 

140, 33. 
bleop-lopa, 117, 14. 
Ueop, 147, 18. 
bleop-fctSep, 165,31. 
Ueop-jrol, 121, 16. 
UeoSop. 78, 8 ; 102, 1 ; 

204, 10; 226, 28; 233, 

25. 



bleo6op-c^e, 260, 15. 
bleo]>op-cpfb, 141, 1 ; 

143. 20; 225, 16; 

236.5. 
blea5op*jt«be, 145, 1. 
bbp^an, 183, 9; 247,22: 

253.29. 
bl^aS, 235, 25. 
bbbban, 5, 17. 
bb5, 90,6; 156,25. 
Uub, 213, 10. 
bluxop, 25, 21 ; 239, 4. 
bljnn, 66, 7 ; 153^ 30. 
bljp, 252, 5. 
bljjc, 226. 27. 
bncap, 171, 5. 
bnea|ibce, 108, 20. 
bnisan, 16,1; 147, 15; 

277, 22 ; 279, 18; 

288,4. . 
bof, 79,25; 81, 15; 84, 

6; 276,23. 
bope, 250, 7. 
bojian, 229, 17. 
bob, 82, 16. 
bote, 178, 30; 217. 2; 

244,4. 
botebc, 283, 27. ' 
bdm, 8,7; 9,24; 195 

30; 206,9; 266,4. 
bolm-flepn, 85, 30. 
bolmcs, 185, 6. ' 
bobn-peall, 207, 16. 
bole, 52, 7; 187. 26; 

252, 6. 
bolni^ 61, 14. 
bopb-bup3, 121,9. 
bopb-m»3en, 258, 13. 
bopb-peapb,179,27;210, 

6; 220,3. 
bopn, 189, 29. 
bopn-fcle, 109,11. * 



VERBAL 



i«m*« 



329 



hopfc. 178,17; 238.29. 
hpte3J. 243. 17. 
bpaer*119»25. 
hpmy, 180, 6. 
hpalSe, 10, 22. 

hpeam, 206, 10; 309.28. 
bpeap, 87, 12. 
kpebten, 258, 5. 
hpepian, 296,11. 
bpeman, 263, 2. 
hpeoh-mob, 231, 4. 
hpeopon, 188, 14. 
hpeop, 284, 10. 
hpeopan. 50, 29, 36. 
bpeopis, 49, 29. 
hpeofi^-mob, 48. 5. 
kpeiSan, 214, 22. 
hpe^, 201, 2. 
hpet$ep-2leaf. 178.17. 
hprncj, 84,5; 172,34. 
bpinj-maeleb, 120, 10. 
bpop, 10, 8; 175. 20; 

196, 28; 214.18; 241. 

20; 244.2. 
bpop-^efop. 82, 11. 
bpon-pab. 13. 19. 
bpo8pa, 62, 21. 
kpufe, 240. 7. 

*»Pyp«» 210. 6. 
buqv. 140. 34. 
bunjep, 307. 1. 
bupu. 141, 11; 209.24. 
bujre, 143, 21. 
burl-F«c,202,24; 260,5. 
bu6, 220, 2. 

hp«l,188,1.31; 240,15. 
bjwt, 57, 21,36; 177, 

27; 195. 17; 267. 26. 
bpaetSepe. 14, 6. 
bpeop. 159, 18; 185.12; 

206.6: 208,3. 
bple, 238, 4. 



bpilam. 273, 6. 7, 12; 

309. 22, 24. 26. 28. 
bpic, 17.4.27; 22,11. 

33; 165, 14. 
bfpeopon. 188; 1. 
bpjTijr, 115,12; 191.6; 

236. 16. 
Iqitpjniiii. 304. 17. 
byrpm. 25. 22 ; 191.22. 
bi^fkajr, 21. 29. ' 
bt^erceaft, 19. 8. 
bjbcbc. 9. 23; 96. 35; 

125.8; 278,3. 
bj-be-pdlm. 274. 25. 
b5lb.243.23; 246.19. 
b^Ibe-majA, 67. 1. 
b>Hbo. 18. 33; 63. 1; 

234.16; 235.7. 
bj-fl. 240. 7 ;^ 285. 16. 
b^nSo. 198. 16. 
btpbe. 194,6; 216,24. 
bJTijteb, 58,34; 130.5. 
bina. 229. 14; 230.11; 

231,25:233,5; 243. 

7; 244.8; 245.12. 



I. 



lean. 236, 8. 

iber, 36.28; 37.13; 64. 

22. 
lefian, 41, 7. 
mca» 205. 30. 
mbpipuu 269, 29. 
injebon. 12. 13. 
injemen. 189, 25. 
injqie, 179.23. 
in2e]»anciim, 233. 24. 
idenbe. 186. 9. 
inn, 94. 25. 
ufwcpill, 58. 18. 



inpc-jpcD. 122. 9. 

ipen. 297. 15. 

ijpen. 231, 8. 

ifcpn. 199,33; 231.16; 

248, 29. 
ra. 267. 26; 269. 30; 

271.17; 274.8. 
ra-tob^ 276, 10. 



Lac, 60.2; 173, 9; 177. 

26. 
laoenbe, 246. a 
becebom. 301. 30. 
laeban. 78. 25 : 182.17. 
Uebte, 309.25. 
Uen. 38.3; 43,18; 194, 

29; 211,25. 
l«p«. 192.29. 
Ueiran, 193, 11. 
laetan. 37. 19. 
]af.l21,5;201.11;203^ 

17, 23; 210.1; 220,20. 
bQ^o, 13.32; 208.12. 
lajo-jlob. 8> 20. 

b«o-p«. 81.11;89,26. 
laso-jrpeam, 115, 21; 

147,34; 201,5; 240, 

18. 

bmb-scjceafx;, 238. 25. " 
lanb-maa, 189. 4. 

hnb-pib^ 114.28; 200, 
10. 

luibjtape, 24, 11. 
bukb-focn. 100. 17 ; 102, 

12. 
hnb.]M|ib. 7% 1. 
lusidl.32^1. 

lAQ^vm. 178,4; 20^18; 

.4. 



330 



VERBAL INDEX. 



lanpiiis»217,3S. 

lap, 28,1; 100.29; 257, 

22. 
lapeop, 149, 29. 
lair. 172,26; 199,11. 
lajxpeapb, 186, 13; 203, 7. 
hx^-ftof, 184, 8. 
laS, 24,11; 180,4; 207, 

3; 232.21; 243,2. 
lalSfcipe, 123, 20. 
laSpenb, 5, 7; 29, 11; 

135,7. 
]eahcep,280,31 ; 282,11. 
lean, 3,18; 17,11; 177, 

22; 209,29. 
leaf, 310, 16. 
leaping, 268, 28. 
le^ 3, 31 ; 224, 20. 
le;^, 43, 7» 
leiQ, 60,30; 194,22. 
lengian, 256, 25. 
leob. 183, 12; 195,16. 
leob-bapb, 150, 33. 
leob-Hinma, 75, 26; 140, 

24; 200,9. 
leob-jeapb, 15, 6; 74,20; 

106,18. 
leob-liata, 180,4. 

leob-m»2* 1^> ^« 
leob-mssen, 185,26; 188, 

13; 190,7. 
leob-foeap, 199, 12. 
leob-foea5a, 56, 24. 
leobpape, 193, 10. 
leob-peapb, 72, 1> 83; 

181, 6. 
leob-|tep, 110,5; 184,20. 
leob-pepob, 182, 17» 
leob-|«af, 116,18. 
leop, 22, 12. 
leoflie, 103, 4. 
lebhc, 20,17; 115,21. 



leohc-bepenbe, 287, 15. 
leohce, 13, 30. 
leohc-ppuma, 11, 14; 57, 

10; 85,5; 107,20; 

241, 23. 
leolc, 29, 10. 
leoma, 184, 25. 
leonra, 274, 16. 
leop, 198, 12. 
he, 31, 26. 
Lchoma, 32, 12. 
Lc-pmbe, 193, 1. 
lib, 80,21; 89,11. 
Lf-ceape, 54, 17. 
]iF.bae2,56,10; 203,25; 

204,22. 
Lf.fpea, 2, 9; 108, 18; 
« 195,3; 240,33. 
Lp-sebal, 154, 25. 
bpan, 202,5. 

bf.pela, 219, 17. 
bs,21,16; 153,20; 156. 

5 ; 231, 18. 
b^e, 261, 3. 
b^ee, 240, 2. 
bj.pjp, 182, 18. 
bjnui, 263, 18. 
bbc, 287, 2. 
bm, 80, 2. 
bm-paefcm, 273, 1. 
bnb, 123, 14; 192, 7; 

193,23; 197,4. 
Imb-qiob, 120, 21. 
bobenbe, 12, 9. 
boSo-benb, 24, 23. 
bn«. 71,24; 73,14; 195, 

4; 213,1. 
bfV, 33.8; 43, 8; 95,29. 
bfcurn, 11, 19. 
bxan, 185.20; 187,27; 

188, 29. 



b5. 13,31; 30,16; 50,33. 
b«r, 58. 13; 100.28. 
locc, 185, 10. 
locen. 283. 6. 
locian, 275. 12. 
loF» 2.8; 246,9. 
lof-ponj, 274, 17. 
loffum, 30, 16. 
lopan, 28» 12. 
lo8, 95, 29* 
lacan, 283, 5. 
lubon, 60, 29. 
luFa,217.11. 
lun^e, 30, 26 ; 148,24. 
lunnon, 209, 9. 
lujr,43,7; 180,30; 231. 

19. 
laftum^ 2. 8. 
IjTT. 29. 10; 205. 4; 207, 

33 ; 211, 24. 
l57C-ebop, 193, 24. 
IJjc-bebn. 181, 13. 
l^jr-lacenb, 240, 17. 
l^-jnmbc^ 183, 11. 
l^e, 268, 11. 
15 bean, 225, 23. 
lye, 111,8. 
lySpe, 268, 29. 

M. 

.> 

Mabm, 215, 19. 
maBG^. 68,26. 
m«^ 177, 2; 178, 26; 
180,28. 

m»2*^niu ^» 14; 68, 

27:69,7; 102,4; 134, 

5; 171.8; 181.3; 200, 

5,21. 
m«3en. 1, 6; 184, 2; 193. 

7; 197, 1. 
mie^CQ-cop^ep, 119, 27. 



VERBAL INDEX. 



331 



msjen-cpviXt 277» 7. 

mxien-hy^ftj, 229, 22. 
maejen-pof, 195, 11. 
m»3«nrape, 217»9. 
in»2^ii-pif«, 213, 17. 
mtt2eii-^peac210,8;218, 
26. 

212, 16. 
maejeS, 76, 18. 
iii«3-fiiie, 100, 9; 187, 

4; 197,28. 
matjjTk, 4, 12. 
mae^^, 66, 10 ; 68, 26 ; 
71,19; 75,22; 76,4; 
98,3; 121,13. 
mael. 103, 16; 296.12. 
mael-baej, 98, 18 ; 141, 4. 
msl-mece, 252, 7. 
maeii, 4, 11. 

maenan, 273, 10; 288, 24. 
maepe, 184, 4. 
inaep5, 100, 12. 
inaep:-)iap, 182,27. 
maecins, 224, 24. 
maetnan, 33, 23. 
ma3a,66.11; 71,18; 79, 

27; 203,2; 204,2. 
majo, 70, 28 ; 145, 25. 
ma^Oepaejrpa, 98, 2 ; 178, 

25; 181,2; 184,4. 
majo-pinc, 103, 6 ; 138,^ 

2; 140,15. 
majo-nmbep, 68, 10; 

134, 36. 
majo-nibbop, 167, 13. 
maj-plice, 92^17.- 
man, 12,22; 19,30; 199. 

5 ; 227, 9 ; 283, 15. 
man-bealo, 218,27. 
man-baeb, 29, 16. 



man-bpihceii, 135, 
225,20; 256,8. 

man-faebBn, 83, 11. 

man-lmf, 212, 7. 

man-lica, 226, 20. 

man^fceaSa, 77,2; 
31. 



Bian-fc^lbiS, 63, 7; 64, 1 1 . 
mapap, 305, 30. 
malScban, 22, 26 ; 33, 18. 
maSm-bopb, 201, 6. 
measolhce, 211, 16. 
meap* 188, 21. 
meapc, 103, 17. 
meapc-bof, 181, 14. 
meapc-kiib, 181, 27. 
meapc-peapb, 188, 14. 
meoe, 204,3; 209,5. 
mecj, 285, 8. 
meba-pJ, 260, 1. 
melb, 256, 30. 
mdcaii, 208, 16. 
mencpan, 273, 6. 
memo, 199,5. 
memien, 128,13; 136,14. 
meopmj^ 181, 16. 
meople, 71,17; 215,7. 
mepe ciejce, 79, 26. 
mepe-bea9,207,9; 210,9. 
mepe-fIob,81,7; 209,23. 
mqie-huf , 78, 34; 82, 18. 
mepe-hpeapp, 210, 16. 
mepe^lilSenhe, 84, 34. 
mepe-jcpcam, 51, 27 ; 

207,17; 191.5; 208, 

24; 247,27. 
mepe-cop, 208, 16. 
mepjen, 10,11. 
mepfc, 199,4. 
mecan, 183.16; 184,9. 
mere. 45.6; 50.25. 
m«te-|«r2n, 185,31. 



metob. 223, 14. 
mecobfceap:, 104,31. 
meM, 194,3; 245,28. 
melSel-frebe, 203,1; 212, 

20; 224,38. 
mibbanjeapb, 177,29. 
mib-ptSian, 104, 18. 
mihe-mob, 187, 10. 
mil, 188, 20. 
milbe. 213, 8. 
mmpan, 232,30. 
mipc 244, 15. 
mipmcd, 201, 16. 
iiurr^» 71,10; 104,30; 

141,16; 180,23. 
mifc, 25,9. 

mob, 3,2; 22,5; 115, 
10; 193,6. 

mob-scpum. 169, 9. 

mob-jepanc, 224, 16. 

mot^-^efohc, 17, 1. 

mob-2«)>one, 6, 23; 92, 
5; 141.3; 160,6. 

mobpan, 198,32; 206,27. 

mob-beix, 105, 21. 

mob-hpaet, 185. 17; 238, 
20. 

mobi^, 178, 25 ; 181,2; 
184,2; 194,3. 

mob-fepa, 32, 10; 247, 4. 

nw>b-rop8, 47,3. 

mob.p«2» 209, 14. 

molbe. 251,21; 302,22. 

moa-bpeam, 71, 26. 

mon-Uca, 155, 1. 

moD-puB, 105,35; 166, 
15. 

mon-pipe, 116.21. 

mop. 181,14; 252,8. 

mop)S.43,15; 45,5; 47,9. 

mopScp, 19,26; 47,4; 
244.23; 276,6. 



332 



VERBAL INDEX. 



mop9o|i, 187« 5. 
moptfnp, 284, 13. 
mo[r. 88, 22. 
munb, 82, 19. 
munbbtpb. 152, 32; 1G4, 

3. 
mutS-hael, 213, 14. 
mjncan, 308, 8. 



N. 

Nacob, 273, 12. 
nacub, 207, 29. 
naebbpe 285, 13; 290, 8. 
naebpe, 55, 20, 32. 
naejan, 179,4. 
najan, 271,5. 
nabte, 244, 26. 
nallef, 22, 26. 
neah, 184, 29. 
neappe, 181,28. 
near, 240,21. 
neajwfc, 148,36. 
neh. 247, 15. 
neobe, 53, 1. 
neoman, 277, 2. 
neopxDa-pon^ 11* 6; 13, 

26; 14.12; 115,23. 
neojan, 207, 30. 
neojwl, 184, 28; 267, 1 ; 

270,16; 271.7; 275, 

31. 
nep, 207, 20. 
nepjean, 151, 16. 
oepjenb, 34, 11. 
nepian, 231, 3. 
nejan, 81, 7. 
net, 182, 11. 
ne5an, 124, 9. 
nieb, 186, 16. 
mcbe, 119, 10. 



nieb-paebla, 57, 16. 
nihcef, 159, 12. 
mhc-feopmun^* 147, 2. 
nibt-jepun, 72, 28. 
niht-lan;^, 191,2. 
nihc-jfcapa, 124, 10. 
nihc-peapb, 185, 1. 
niotan, 15, 18; 26, 4; 

31, 17. 
nipan, 94,2; 113,12. 
mye, 200, 25. 
m6, 3,7,20; 14,28; 69, 

14; 74,16; 75,5; 83, 

22; 120,15; 133,9; 

234,1; 235,28; 245, 

18; 288,7. 
mS-3eteon, 124, 26. 
mS-bec, 219, 2; 233,22. 
mtS-ppac, 257, 28. 
nom, 41, 2. 
noma, 113,13. 
nopS, 18, 18. 
noptS-bsl, 3, 8. 
noptS-pej, 181, 29. 
nyb, 220, 17. 
n^b-boba, 207, 29. 
nj-bban, 230, 15. 
njbe, 185, 2. 
n5i>-Fapa, 191, 1. 



O. 

Of aec, 30. 4 ; 31, 30 ; 32, 
8; 33,11; 35,33. 

op-afellan, 270, 14. 

open, 238, 13. 

opep, 37,21; 76,2; 191, 
29; 226,21-; 278,1. 

ofepdamme, 185,7. 

ofcpfaetSmian, 247, 24. 



ofepjapan, 181,4; 245, 

14. 
Of epfobcen, 289, 29. 
<^P3an3an, 213, 33. 
ofep^man, 295, 14. . 
ofep^ycan, 155, 32. 
Of ephojuin, 235, 2. 
ofepbycjan, 280, 7; 283, 

15. 
Of epb^, 287, 20. 
Of epb^ij, 5, 3. 
Ofepbjjb, 2, 21 ; 3, 1 ; 

21,22; 276,31. 
ofepbbpan, 145, 9. 
ofepbSan, 200, 26. 
ofepmeb, 19, 19. 
ofepmebla, 257, 14. 
Of epmecto, 21, 30 ; 22, 

7,35. 
Ofepmob, 17,20; 22,9. 
ofeptolben, 182,26. 
ofefTum, 177,15; 232, 9. 
oppfan, 6, 30. 
Ofn. 229, 30 ; 230, 24 ; 

231, 7. 
offlejen, 120,27. 
offce, 191,32. 
Ofpnim, 161.6,29; 195, 

26. 
ofceab, 60, 12. 
Ofjie^be, 120,30. 
of]>mcan, 279, 32. 

OFj*JPrca». 3. 7. 
obt. 6,5; 186,9. 
oleccan, 19, 12; 118,3. 
ombibt, 174,17. 
ombibt-fcealc, 112, 13. 
oncleb,176.35;267,18; 

270,27; 284,15; 285, 

22. 
on-ajen, 109, 28. 
onbitan, 30, 21. 



VERBAL INDEX. 



333 



onbleoc, 177»21. 
onceofan. 30, 9. 
onbetan, 278, 22. 
onblean, 136. 26. 
onbp57ne, 173, 14. 
'onejan, 259, 25. 
ODfeonb, 209, 19. 
onjemans, 50, 15. 
onjeniman, 73,23. 
onjeotan, 283, 7. 
onjin, 299, 9. 
on^innan, 2, 17; 3, 3; 

17. 14. 
oii35'lban, 19, 23. 
onj^tan. 148, 22; 213, 

13. ^ 

oiih»tan,229,29; 231,7. 
onlucjan, 246, 2. 
onhnijaii, 227, 3. 

onhpeab, 177, 18. 

onhpepeb, 192, 4; 208, 
13. 

onbpeopfan, 251,27; 255, 
21. 

onla^, 23, 12. 

onkh, 38, 16; 258,25. 

onlanj, 180, 30. 

onlicnef, !&, 19. 

onlocian, 195, 18. 

onlucan, 166, 24$ 211, 6. 

onmaebla, 291, 11. 

onmaelan, 229, 1. 

onpiht, 10, 35. 

onj-acan. 230, 1 ; 244, 20. 

onf»san, 113,15; 172, 
11. 

onfaelan, 215, 15. 

onfceocenbe» 129, 14. 

ODfeon, 268, 26. 

onp^an, 189, 2. 

onpcom, 48, 1 ; 130, 10. 

oDfteaDe, 231» 15. 



oni«ellaxi, 287, 19. 
onjT^pian, 281, 14. 
onpmbpan, 52, 11. 
oncpeojnan, 233, 2. 
onpaecen, 26, 7. 
onpenban, 26, 1 ; 28, 5. 
onpbte, 111,3. 
onpoc, 58, 2. 
onpob, 76, 21 ; 155, 27. 
oQ]>eon, 193, 5. 
onl^pinjan, 199, 24. 
op, 1,11; 61,33; 153, 
32 ; 198, 22 ; 224, 9. 
opb, 77,20; 121,3; 174, 

10; 225,30. 
opb-bana, 67, 7. 
opb-jppuma, 2, 2; 225, 
10; 266,12; 288,1. 

opette, 197, 26. 

opltt2* 259, 26; 262, 19. 

opl»2-pppe, 138^ 6. 

opLe^ 6,6; 56,20. 

ople^-ceap, 120, 13. 

ople^-peopc, 122,2. 

opmaete, 162, 22. 

opropj, 50, 5. 

optpj7e;i87, 21. 

oppena, 191, 7. 

op]?aiicuin, 200, 19. 

optSonc, 266, 6. 

orop, 220, 19. 

op^bt, 233,11. 

ofSep, 148, 34. 

otSpaefcan, 292, 23. 

oSfapen, 181, 21. 

o^iepan, 34, 19 ; 44, 24. 

obUeban, 214, 15. 

otSj^anbaii, 246, 23. 

oSpenban, 26, 8. 

otS]wb, 199, 14. 

o<S]»pmsan, 92, 3 ; 219, 8 



P. 

Pa«, 188,20; 208,23. 
plejan, 45, 10 ; 168,6. 



R. 

Raccnta, 24, 3 ; 28,11. 
paca, 81, 34. 
pab, 188, 25. . 
p8eb'2,24; 19.5; 148. 

22; 160,5; 210,15; 

211,13; 280,4. 
paeban, 19,10; 194.32; 

216,18; 259,4. 
psebpep, 257, 8. 
pssbleaf , 3, 32 ; 226, 26. 
paepan, 2, 18; 227,24. 
p»r» 198, 28. 
ps&f-bopa, 108, 24. 
paejt. 186,5. 
paefpa, 99, 34 ; 242,11. 
panc-[%p8ete, 127. 17. 
panb, 123, 22; 199,2; 

215, 20. 
panb-bapb, 207, 7. 
panb-jebeopb, 196. 24. 
paxib.pi2P^171,14; 185, 

21; 186,5. 
panb-pisjenb, 205, 13. 
peab,3,31; 186,6. 
peaf, 215, 20. 

pec,3,31; 21, 17; 155,26. 
peccan, 200,20; 253,16. 
pecoenb, 252, 17. 
peooenbe, 177. 19. 
pe€eb,145,ll; 150.16; 

219,23. 
pecene, 90, 21 ; 152,29. 
pcsD. 14, 4. 
pcgn-^eof, 212, 12. 



334 



VERBAL INDEX. 



penobqc, 162, 9. 
pcopb, 248, 10 ; 267, 9. 
peopb*bepeiib, 223, 21. 
Iieofibum, 161,30; 213, 

6; 269,18. 
peopbigean. 194,5. 
pepce, 157, 3. 
pe8, 271, 12. 
pe8ep, 271, 1. 
pib, 11,20. 
pic, 9,28; 179,11. 
picene, 309, 12. 
pihc, 185, 22. 
pihcan, 46, 24. 
pim-2et«l, 85, 25; 166. 

29. 
pmc, 11,15; 19,4; 177, 

7. 
pinc-jecvl, 192, 19. 
pobop, 183, 19 ; 207, 8. 
pobop-beopbc, 239, 10. 
pobop-tunjol, 100, 21. 
pop, 19,4; 99,24; 183, 

28; 188,11. 
pom, 177,8,20. 
ponu^an, 23, 15. 
pun, 10, 36; 14,3; 33, 

13. 
pome, 35, 27; 42, 14; 

75,20. 
piim*sal, 88, 16. 
pmi, 211, 12; 250, 6; 

262, 9. 
pun-cpKpnj, 261, 31. 
p^e, 10, 20, 35; 239,11. 



8. 

S«, 205, 28 ; 214. 1. 
r«-beoph, 205, 25. 
Jri^-clp, 196, 13. 



rvb, 201,19; 221, 19; 

251, 12 : 252, 24. 
fseb-bepenb, 69, 33. 
f»-bpenc, 84, 16. 
fm-ptjtcn, 185, 24. 
r»-|lob, 86, 28. 
f»-plbe, 14, 22. 
f»-;gianb, 196,9. 
r»l, 72, 14; 147, 10; 

152, 21. 
fm-hj^ 215, 16. 
fielb, 196, 9. 
|-»-1eoba, 201, 18. 
f»l-pon3, 78, 14. 
raB-man, 184, 11 ; 208,4. 
f8&-jrpeam, 193, 22. 
r«-p9S, 240, 9. 
ftt-l^all, 197, 6. 
fv-picms* 199,3. 
fajonm, 34, 9. 
ral, 24, 3, 15; 113, 3; 

145, 10. 
ralam, 184,13; 214,5. 
nJjieb, 89, 15. 
T^VK^ 87, 13. 
fompopbt, 102, 16. 
pne, 197, 19. 
nmb, 16, 12; 196, 13. 
paDj^ 214, 28. 
pap, 2, 33 ; 12, 3. 
fap-pepbIS, 135, 17. 
raul, 12, 14. 
fapl-bpeop, 91, 13. 
fcacan, 280, 32. 
rcacK, 120, 9. 
rccab, 8, 22. 
pceabian, 133, 10. 
pceabo, 8, 33. 
fceape, 199, 25. 
pceal, 281, 8. 
rceale,230, 10; 273.8. 
jvean, 185, 19. 



|«eac, 32,15; 129.13; 

204,33; 247,25. 
fceac-pep, 124, 17. 
fceafian, 106, 33; 156, 

24. 
fceapisan, 101, 9; 115,* 

16. 
rceaSa, 35, 4 ; 268, 19 ; 

269, 13. 
fceaSo, 184, 27. 
fcelb-bupb, 283, 23. 
fcene, 17,26. 
fceo, 215, 21. 
n«ob, 61. 15 ; 245, 17. 
foeome, 58, 7 ; 95, 3. 
fcedhbe, 95, 20; 149,3. 
fctonc, 35, 3. 
fceop, 3,16; 5, 1. 
fceocenbe, 184,24. 
rceSSan, 273, 33. 
fcima, 232, 23. 
rtfuma, 269, 12. 
poo, 67, 20. 
rap, 184, 25 ; 185, 19. 
fapian, 171, 12. 
rcpaef,212,10;272,33; 

290,22. 
rqicp, 266, 23 ; 269, 15. 
fqu]»an, 180,3; 304,17. 
fcupu, 170, 13; 230,11; 

292,24; 304.21. 
fcup, 238, 5 ; 239, 16 ; 

265.22. 
jpcnp'-bo^a, 93, 5. 
fcup-fceab, 50, 23. 
fcupa, 293, 15. * 
jcj-be. 232. 26. 
fcflb, 185, 20; 232,27. 
fcj-lb-fpec, 55, 23* 
fcj*lb-bpeo6an. 184, 26. 
pc^lpe, 79, 4. 
fcjpan, 5, 1 ; 31, 15. 



VERBAL INDEX. 



335 



reak, 199. 4 ; 207, 26. 
realc-fcan, 154, SI. 
reajio. 39, 27 ; 162, 9 ; 

191.23; 207.21; 218. 

17; 243,14. 
jiecj. 120.27; 124,23; 

128,10; 154.20; 199, 

27. 
repi, 219,4; 233,2. 
TOU 183, 10. 
TOl-pob, 182, 29. 
repi. 142.32; 185.23; 

188,23; 197,5; 198, 

7 ; 214. 7 ; 215, 17. 
r«3n-c5iuQ^ 188, 22. 
rel, 246, 35 ; 267, 29. 
relb, 225, 9^, 260, 19; 

262.1; 275,17. 
jpelf , 4, 26. 
felf -fceajr, 83, 20. 
femian. 7, 20. 
fencan, 1 76, 4. * 
f eofepbum, 307, 26. 
reolfep. 219, 25 ; 301, 7. 
reomian. 5, 15 ; 191,4. 
reon. 202. 11. 
reoSt(an, 288, 8; 289, 16; 

290,25. 
jrejuan. 265, 29 ; 296, 6. 
feci. 27, 2. 
recl-pab, 184, 19. 
jreccenb, 237. 5. 
re»e, 92. 7. 
pbb-2eb]iihi:. 191. 13. 
pb-jebJTib. 114,8. 
pb-jcmaes, ^^» 1^* 
pb-lufa, 2. 25 ; 152.3. 
pb, 120, 1 ; 194, 14. 
pbe, 299, 5. 
pene. 38. 16. 
PXe. 179.11. 
pje-byme. 214, 6. 



PSe-bjuhten, 33,21. 
PSeletf , 20, 20. 
pjel-rapa, 182, 2. 
pjc-pie, 213, 34. 
pje-nbep, 203, 12. 
p^e^cojibc, 279, 19. 
PSop> 4, 18; 195,5. 
PSOp-lean, 176,27. 
P3op-popc, 198, 2. 
pmon, 47, 23. 
pnc, 103. 28; 145, 9; 

161,14; 179,30; 219. 

25; 301,7. 
pn-calb, 207, 25. 
pn-hipa, 48, 19 ; 49, 9 ; 

59,3. 
piui]ht:,3,27: 7,20; 8,2. 
p5,5,8; 21.4; 24,16; 

177,24; 179.2; 180, 

31; 208,4. 
ptS-boba, 193, 21. 
ptS-fKC, 182, 25; 211.4; 

256, 31. 
pSian, 168,16; 195,6. 
plk>p, 199, 10. 
pt(-pepob, 127. 22. 
flaja, 92, 7. 
fleap, 208, 28. 
flican. 50, 2. 
rbS-beapb. 24. 15. 
puif , 239, 29. 
puomop, 51,21. 
pioccop, 201, 18 ; 202, 

16. 
pi5Tpo, 217,25. 
focn, 100, 17; 102.12. 
pmnisean, 191, 19. 
prnpifc, 137, 27. 
r>Ph 81, 8. 
ptphj-ceapis, 276, 15. 
pph-popb. 49, 8. 
py6. 196. 14. 



n>»-cpib, 244, 10; 294. 

14. 
roSfvp:,!. 17; 178,9; 

237.6. 
ipaece, 101. 22. 
rpan, 36.22; 196.13. 
fpajp. 206,9. 
rpeapc, 274. 31. 
jpeb,l,6; 36,21; 66,14; 

82,23; 100,7; 101. 

23; 144.4,32; 161. 

19; 187,19; 210,11; 

237. 10; 246, 14. 
jpebQ. 101.25; 107,3. 
jpel-boba. 210, 10 ; 230. 

9; 245.19; 249.20; 

262. 12. 
jpell.61.11; 155.2; 186. 

8; 214,22; 246,15. 
jpeOiaii. 257. 16. 
IpeDiuQ, 304, 31. 
rpenn. 29, 4. 
jpeon, 37, 12 ; 43,2. 
rpeone, 1$. 17.' 
jpeof, 170. 9. 
Ipepc-nilS. 124, 7. 
rpilb-p6, 187, 18. 
fpiHan. 154, 22. 
jpopui. 127. 23. 
fpopenbe, 246, 14. 
ippeca. 161.18. 
rppeocui. 269, 25. 
rpp}xui. 61, 10. 
irKl.69,7. 
fcaelan, 81, 28* 
ftmU'fewJi, 83, 7. 
jran-iDopp. 102, 14. 
jraiuan. 273. 22. 
|rm6, 215, 8. 
paSeluuD, 266, 21. 
pndSol, 196, 1 ; 207.28; 

251,9; 252.21. 



336 



VERBAL INDEX. 



j^atSoUpanj* 114, 31. 
rteaper, 154, 16. 
fcebe, 23, 9. 
rtepn, 94, 2; 113, 12; 

213, 10; 226. 29; 251, 

10; 252, 22; 267, 10; 

302,18. 
jrenc, 286, 25. 
freope, 101, 17. 
jftepan, 101,2; 111,21; 
. 139,7; 142,21; 244, 

10. 
fceppan, 279, 35. 
jncian, 297, 1. 
ftiep, 4, 27. 
ftij-pimm, 125, 14. 
ftitS-pepM, 16, 10; 84,32; 

101, 16. 
fti6-ppih]i, 7, 16. 
jmtJ-hJbij. 175, 16. 
ftitSlic, 102, 14. 
fcol, 23, 28. 

jrpste, 185,22; 282,16. 
ftpeam-jtaS, 86, 21. 
ftpeam-jwall, 90, 12. 
ftpenj^ 4, 27. 
ftpen^o, 98, 19. 
ppenpim, 101, 2. 
]Tpit(, 19, 1. 
pponjiic, 288, 25. 
[Tpui>aii, 260, 18. 
jrpnbenbe, 154, 15. 
ftp^nan, 59, 28. 
fc^an, 150, 22 ; 204,8. 
jrypn, 4. 28. 
fuht, 30, 24. 
pihcep3a, 114,9. 
fuhtpia, 106, 23. 
fuhtpi3a.l22,20; 124,31. 
)-u]h<*2cpeopc, 66, 19. 
pinb, 198, 8. 
pinfo-peceb, 80, 28. 



jfunnoD, 111,10. 
fuimii, 286, 14. 
pmo, 97, 19. 
pirl,3,28; 5,22; 248,31. 
pifl-bona, 305, 1. 
pi«-p«j, 187, 23. 
pitS-pmb, 196, 10. 
fp«f, 12, 2. 
rpaef, 97,13; 203, 11. 
rpaejvnbii, 168,7. 
fpanS, 29, 12. 
fpafome. 270, 1. 
rpar,31,8: 60,24; 299.6. 
rpalS, 120.28; 125,10. 
n>ea]h, 62,19; 69,32. 
rpeapnan, 269, 24. 
fpebban, 152, 35. 
fpepin, 179, 29 ; 209, 7. 
ITepen, 225, 24. 
fpe^, 153, 19. 
ITep. 45, 1; 161,26. 
jTcjtl. 145. 33. 
rpej, 214,8; 232, 22; 

271, 8. 
rpexl. 182, 26. 
rp«2l-behea]ben, 301, 28. 
fpejl-bopxk, 1, 18. 
rpe3l-c5iiiiiS. 160, 30. 
rpcjl-r*. 184, 10. 
jrpejl-copbc, 2, 32; 6, 27 ; 

305, 17. 
fpelcaiii 207, 10. 
rpen^ 161« 26. 
fpeop, 208, 9. 
rrecpb, 173,22. 
fpeopb-pi^enbe, 194, IS. 
rpeoe, 119, 5; 191,25; 

199,20; 209,8. 
jrpic, 120. 17. 
fpipan, 250, 15.- 
rfinpsenb, 66, 8. 
rppian. 207. 8. 



rpiiS, 233, 32. 
jpit^an, 119, 16; 164. 18. 
jrpitSe, 4, 25. 
jptSeb, 213. 9. 
[yitSfeopm. 106, 12. 
fpiiSfepoin, 1, 17. 
fpi6mob. 222, 
fpitSpian, 184, 27; 193, 

7 ; 207, 12 ; 258. 30. 
fpojan, 83. 5. 
fpojenbe. 154, 17. 
fpop, 193, 1. 
rpjlc-b»25, 74, 12. 
rS'Uic, 184, 17. 
r^bel, 259. 33. 
fymbel-pepi2,94,19; 159, 

26.' 
ryBpil, 209, 8. 
f5ii-fcea]m, 4,17. 



Tacen, 93.3; 195.23. 
caecan, 174. 29; 175, 24; 

211,17; 282,29. 
can, 142.11; 295.7. 
teala. 299. 29 ; 310.26. 
tela, 114,17. 
celje, 247, 28 ; 248, 18 ; 

295, 6. 
teman, 13. 1. 
tempi, 219, 26. 
tenj. 152, 29. 
teobe. 228. 25 ; 229. 13. 
ceobb, 59. 6. 
teon, 114,30. 
teone, 36, 34; 54, 30; 

55,11; 113,33; 114, 

11; 137.15; 296,5. 
teonpil, 232, 4. 
ceon-bece, 191*, 34. 



VERBAL INDEX. 



337 



ccfo« 232. 4. 

tibep. 175,4; 204,6. 

tibep-fceaca, 9, 2. 

tib, 9, 1. 

nb-b»2, 71, 4. 

cifep, 301, 1. 

njpir, 15, 10. 

cil,97,2; 99,11; 303,10. 

riDcpe^e, 296,4. 

tip, 4, 23; 91.15; 235, 

27. 
ap-eabis, 189, 13; 192, 

16. 
npfsjr, 64, 2; 181,19. 
cip-mecob, 143, 7. 
ci«a. 142, 12 ; 152, 28. 
titSian, 152, 7. 
txMipin, 274, 1. 
cobpttjht 161,15. 
cobpifen, 238, 11. 
rob^pxb, 238,11. 
cofopan, 243, 11. ^^ 
t^os^enjbon, 52, 9. 
eo-jefeon, 232, 5. 
cobilban, 124, 11. 
«x>litaii, 56, 18. 
edhpojifen, 235, 6. 
toj^c, 4, 23 ; 248, 10. 
eoplicinob, 90, 28. 
eophc-pjnc, 85, 17. 
topxkg 4, 24. 
tofcufaii, 237, 20. 
tofcapian, 260, 32. 
tofpenban, 237, 23. 
tofpepan, 237, 23. 
lx>peoppaxi, 289, 5. 
topeppan, 270, 4. 
tofpecen, 235, 4. 
co6, 285, 18. 
tpebbebon, 243,21. 
tpese,60,27; 137.15. 
tpeop, 84, 21 ; 40, 25 ; 
1 



44. 25.^^204, 20. 27; 

235,26; 248,11. 
tpeopa, 41, 8; 122, 35 ; 

170,23; 201,3. 
tpeof-paeben, 139,5. 
tpum, 213, 17. 
tpuslic, 282, 30. 
tp^an,18,20; 130,27; 

170,7; 187,28; 249, 

23. 
tu, 268, 19, 33. 
cobbop, 56, 19; 97, 16. 

cubbop-fp«^* 1^^ 24. 
tttbbop-teonbe, 59, 5 ; 

201, 14. 
Cttbop, IS, 2. 
tpeon, 214, 1. 
tpeo-l^mcan, 18, 21. 
cpj, 187, 3; 247, 28; 

248» 18. 
tJliS, 36, 33. 
tjmaii, 75, 19. 
tjnan, 153,24. 



U. 

Upm, 213,20. 

ubce, 20, 26 ; 289, 31 ; 

294,2. 
i]hc*nb, 19r, 17. 
unceapun^a, 262, 18. 
iinbep, 162,4. 
unbepbac, 154,28. 
unbcp-naefpf, 266, 32; 

270, 15. 
unbcp-naefpun, 273, 11. 
unbepne, 265, 1. 
unpfrle, 45, 7. 
iiDfeop, 177,9. 
unppcaSbc, 103,9. 
unpphc, 198,26; 199,7. 



ttiij:peiiie, 55, 12. 
unppic^enbe, 160, 12. 
uii2eapa,.289, 9. 
unjemet, 20, 23. '" ; 
unj^fceab, 231, 6. 
iiii2e]«ob, 102, 11. 
unpfpe, 149,5. 
unjpunb, 209, 32. 
unhleop, 209, 4. 
unholb, 218, 4. 
imli^lbo, 45, 20. 
imli^, 138, 5. 
imljxel, 97, 17; 250,26. 
impaeb,3,3; 43,33; 101, 
15; 116,16; 227,13. 
unpsben, 60, 16. 
unpeopbian, 269. 1. 
unpihc, 259, 2. 
unpihcbom, 227, 7. 
unjiim, 99, 16; 194, 15; 

220.13. 
unpinuL, 236, 21. 

unfoomlioe, 148, 19. 

unrcj-nb, 263, 16. 

uiipbb,.281, 13. 

unfpebQ, 59, 12. 

unfpiaenbe, 204, 25. 

uncp5^ji^, 36, 33. 

unpadioe, 258, 12. 

unpeazen, 204. 1. 

unpemm, 148, 30. 

up, 277, 4. 

up-abebban, 17, 14; 193; 
28. 

up-apvpan, 196, 22. 

up-at«on, 208, 28. 

up-c^me, 240, 12. 

uppepan, 195, 25. 

up=-2«FU»n. 206, 30. 

up-beofon. 270. 24. 

uplaog, I97i 7. 

uphc. 287. 5. 



338 



VERBAL INDEX. 



up-pibtn^ 193, 16. 
up-pobop, 179. 10; 182, 

15; 205,2. 
ut^. 163.3. 



P. 

pa. 40. 5. 

p«:,37.16; 40.34; 192.18. 

pabaii.174.30; 197,22; 

272, 17. 
pseb. 222.11; 256.2. 
paejpep. 231, 2. 
^1,8,4; 206.25; 208. 

15; 209.4. 
paej-bopb. 81,4. 
paes-psp. 196. 27. 
pae2-b8enbe,84.9: 86.17. 
pae3-jrpeain. 197,22. 
paej-I^l. 82. 6; 87, 9; 

90.16. 
pae2*^ea, 90, 5. 
paeUbebb. 62. 8. 
pael-benna, 208. SO. 
p«l*ceafC3a, 188. 6. 
pael-clom, 128, 17. 
pael-bpeop, 62. 19; 67. 9. 
paeUFf]1.92,ll;154.29. 
pael-jap, 120. 5. ' 
pael-2pim. 61,12; 88. 23; 

109,1; 155.26. 
f«l-ipjpe. 186. 11. 
pael-bepije, 119,21. 
paeUhpcop, 21 9. 1 1 . 
pael-mifc, 206. 12. 
pael-nec, 190. 20. 
pael-mt(, 218, 28. 
pael-pejre. 99, 8. 
pel-rlibc, 198. 25. 
P«l*rcop»121.4; 156,23. 
peUjcpcam, 78. 30. 



F«l-IpenX»^» 25. 
paepen. 178. 31. 

paepen-Jipaec. 138. 12. 

paepneb. 166,9. 

paep, 42,31. 

paepe. 187.7; 201.19. 

paep-jenst, 257. 25. 

paepleaf, 5. 5. 

paeplosa>76.32; 145.22; 

151,4; 152,33. 
psjcm, 193,8. 
ps«:epjnpe, 240, 1$. 
paetqi-jpp^^pjn, 240, 

13. 
paeSbe, 208, 8. 
papan, 182, 20. 
paj, 261, 8. 
palip, 271. 3. 
pall, 231, 15. 
pana, 137, 11. 
panb, 29, 7. 
panbian. 250.21. 
pann, 14,5; 119,22. 
papian, 15, 20. 
papa, 30, 12. 
pats. 256. 33; 257.26. 
pa]»em, 207, 24. 
pea. 60, 26. 
peahc, 115, 19. 
pea*laiib. 163,30. 
pealb. 174. 30. 
pealban, 17, 2. 12. 
pealbenb, 17. 15. 
pealhji»b, 211,7. 
peallan, 37. V5. 
peall-pejren. 64.31; 195. 

27 ; 208, 14. 
peall.jceaip.108.8; 145.7. 
peapiobc, 238, 5. 
peccan, 13,18; 175.26. 
pccr^n. 3,5. 
pecsaa, 240, 19. 



peban. 208. 27. 

pebb, 124.29; 139.13. 

pebep, 185. 6; 237.34; 

238.6. 
pebep-poloen, 182. 13. 
pcfan, 3, 5.' 
pes. 10. 13; 206.26. 
pe2an,54.31; 57,27; 177, 

19; 189.5; 214.21. 
pela. 27. 19. 24; 216,20. 
pelm, 267, 17. 
pen, 4.5; 63.4; 188,9,30. 
penban. 262. 21. 
peo^bebb. 172, 8. 
peol. 284, 8. 
peopc.166.10; 217,18; 

218. 24. 
peopce. 8. 18 ; 122, 18 ; 

168.81. 
peopcpuQ, 37, 23. 
peopman, 294. 9. 
peocob, 308. 14. 
pep-beam. 208, 20. 
pepeb. 225, 27. f 

V^?^ 272, 27. 
T^n^» 105, 19. 
pepian. 190. 20 ; 195, 10. 
pepig, 185.29; 232.30; 

267. 9 ; 285, 4. 25. 
pepQean. 192.26. 
pepijenb, 215, 25. 
peploga, 3. 16. 
pep-iikae25.98.30; 101.29. 
pepob, 178.8; 181,23; 

218.^. 
pep-)>ecib. 61, 2; 149, 21 ; 

162. 26; 202,4; 210, 

22; 234,4. 
pejt. 18. 18. 
pejreB. 178,7. 
pejren-jp^pe, 185. 4. 
pexan. 13. 1. 



VERBAL 



339 



ri-beb. 107» 18; 108» 14; 

* 118.5. 
pic, 186,4. 
piccijeaii, 181,22. 
jnccunjboin, 223, 17. 
pioean, 183, 3. 
fic-jteal, 183, 16. 
pib, 213, o. 
fibe-Fe|ib8, 56, 2. 
pibi, 78» 16. 

fib-in»pe,98,14; 158,16. 
fiF» 166, 9. 
pif-myne, 111,25. 
Fig. 193, 9; 216, 11; 

228,12,24. ' 
pija, 197,23; 216.12. 

pi2-b1ac, 190, 24. 

pij-bopb, 207, 14. 

pi2-c]^m, 120, 6. 

pijenb, 198,26. 

pij-leoS, 191, 27. 

pijhc, 192. 17. 

pig.pob, 125,24. 

FX-reoji, 121, 1. 

yi^-pm, 126, 13. 

pi2-pm)$, 163,24. 

pih-jylb. 227.5. 

pilit:.7.10; 16.13; 18.25. 

pilb, 257. 25. 

piUa. 106. 24 ; 125. 30. 

piUe-bupne, 83. 1. 

piU-jlob. 85. 10. 

piIl-2ebpolk>p, 59, 30. 

piU-j^P^* ^20. 31. 
piU-gerceall. 129. 20. 
pi]l-2^fpeo[rop, 157, 16. 
piU-jetSofca, 122, 14. 
pdnian, 229, 10, 25. 
pin-bap2e. 255.11. 
pia-bnph. 219,21. 
pinban, 27, 15; 183,23. 
pinb^, 237, 33. 
z2 



pin*bpttiiceii, 262, 32. 
piiib-f«le,284,ll; 288,23. 
puw, 72,29; 112,8. 
pindeaf, 251, 25. 
pme-maes, 62,29; 158,31. 
pm-jal. 223, 8. 
pm-jebpjiic, 155, 28. 
pmn. 17.14; 23, 29, 
pmnan. 18,24; 210,13. 
pia-fel, 270, 21. 
pinsep, 174,34. 
piii-])fse, 217.4. 
pijr*. 178. 18; 194, 9; 

250. 2. 21. 
pipe, 34, 7. 
pip-bybig, 109, 2, 15. 
pipan, 35, 32 ; 199, 34. 
pifc,53,6; 178.27; 185, 

30; 222,11. 
pitaii.51.9: 252.1. 
pice,285, 11,25; 289,3; 

295, 28. 
pice>bpo^ 3. 33. 
pice-bup. 3,21. 
pice-lac, 154, 12. . 
pice-loc, 146,5. 
pice-fqiaep, 308, 12. 
pice-jping, 112,2. 
picga. 218, 19 ; 224,13. 
picig, 179, 8; 182, 24; 

242, 30. 
piajbom, 224, 34. 
picob, 207, 23 ; 213,12. 
picpob, 208, 31. 
pitSepbpeca, 4, 35; 138, 

7 ; 251. 20. 
pilSep-mebo, 41, 22. 
piSepcpob, 125, 25. 
p8fapao, 214, 23. 
pi^Oiabban, 297, 18. 
pi5hopan. 173,20. 
I flanc. 208,21. 



pIcDCo, 155, 27 ; 217, 3. 
plitfp 3. 15. 
phce-beopbe, 103. 94. 
plia^an, 236, 26. 
plonc, 270, 21. 
poCy 65, 5. 
poco|i, 79, 1 7. 
pob, 255, 22. 
poll, 226, 13. 
pdloen, 14,2. 
poloen-Fipii, 239, 31. 
pom, 211,26; 217,17; 
233,29; 234, 25; 274. 
20; 285,5. 
pomm, 183, 31 ; 190, 21; 

223,12. 
pom-cpibe, 39, 7 ; 282, 6. 
pom-pcJlbi2. 58, 20. 
fonh^pH 100,33. 
ponn, 7. 22; 8, 4; 78> 30; 
83, 13; 86. 13; 188, 6. 
pop. 180. 8 ; 285, 5. 
pop. 29, 6. 
popc-)»eop.l36, 18; 220|, 

21. 
popb-beoc, 167. 6. 
popb-cpybe, 45, 22 ; 236, 
26; 249,28; 267, a 
popb-jemcapc 142, 2. 
popb-2leap, 242, 12. 
popb-pihc, 177, 31. 
poim, 181,5; 220,24; 

269, 23, 
popuIb-€p«fc, 239, 1. 
popnlb-cjnmj* 140, 29. 
popnlb-bpcam, 74, 10; 

180.9. 
populb-biQcIS, 97» 30, 
populb-fcoh. 129. 12. 
populb-gcrcetjfr, 7, 23. 

populb-sen^^coOf 71»27; 
112,32; 164,19.. 



340 



VERBAL INDEX. 



yopnlb-li^ 222, 12. 
populb-nuFj;, 131, 18. 
popti]l»-pice, 201, 1; 202, 

25. 
po8, 254, 29. 
fpaoe, 25, 14 ; 276, 8. 
fpcca, 3, 22. 
ppsBcca, 256, 1. 
jppaec-Iap;, 272, 17; 276, 

14; 280,21. 
ppaedi^ 3, 17 ; 177, 31. 
Iijisec-mon, 186,12. 
ppaec-jTop, 6, 17. 
ppaep;, 227, 6. 
pp»c1ic, 196, 27. 
ppa8,4,30; 7,5; 11.13; 

39,25; 178,32. 
ppaJSkc, 23, 7. 
ppec, 212, 1. 
jipiban, 92, 21. 
ppijan, 54, 13. 
jipixl, 120,5. 
pjiitSian, 102, 19; 105, 

33; 114,12. 
ppohc, 6, 4 ; 56, 12 ; 57, 

22; 61, 3; 114, 12; 

187,6; 243,17; 287, 

19. 
fj;iohZ''$€teme^ 3, 34. 
fpohcfape, 100, 31. 
pubtt-beam, 54, 22 ; 247, 

18,30; 248,21. 
puba-percen, 79, 16. 
pulbop, 3, 15. 
polbop-cj-nm;, 83, 24. 
jniibopptir* 2, 30 ; 202, 

18; 234,8. 
piilbop-2<L)r, 176, 15. 

pilbop-2«r^<^^» 4, 36 ; 

215, 24. 
jpulbop-bama.li 237, 16. 
l*albop-rpeK,6.11. 



|«]bop-cophr, 8, 5 ; 167, 

21 ; 174, 7. 
fulF, 188, 7. 
imlf -heopc, 223, 7 ; 224, 

12; 231, 14. 
fmnbop, 250, 26; 257,6; 

261,25. 
panbpiim, 222, 28 ; 228, 

22. 
pap8iirfiib, 194, 10; 254, 

12. 
pjlk-bapne, 14, 1. 
p^lm, 115, 26; 231,2; 

245, 16. 
pylm-hat, 156,5. 
jTiihc, 17,5; 30, 14. 
f^jTim, 237, 33. 
p5iib, 144, 14 ; 155,10; 

205, 7 ; 206, 25 ; 224, 

6; 225,4; 245,30; 

257,5. 
pfplin,8,17; 265,27. 
jFypm,*212, 9; 271, 9; 

273, 13. 
T^nan, 180, 27. 
Tfppejr, 229, 10. 
JK71C, 247, 19 ; 286,26. 
pjTicpuma, 251, 6; 252, 

20. 

Y. 

YjtU 288, 1. 

5-lb, 138, 2. 

jibe, 14, 19. 

5lbo, 30. 8, 23; 31,4,12; 

179,13; 205,15. 
^Ibpe, 234, 26. 
tmb,86,30; 87,15; 88, 

14; 89.7; 300.26. 
x-mbpanscii, 273, 30; 297, 

16. 



ymbbftpp:, 179,9; 20S. 

1. 
ymblyr, 265, 13. 
^pinj, 209, 13. 
yp. 4, 33. 
jTifc-lap, 203, 14. 
>7ife-frol,98,13; 131,14. 
57un8, 194. 23. 
Jppe. 22, 17; 209.26; 

228,28. 
^piopi, 56, 27. 
jllan, 154, 9. 
57*11, 225. 31. 
$«, 195, 25; 205, 26; 

206, 21. 
j«.laf, 215, 18. 



D. 

Dapsan. 227. 22. 

jMLh. 138. 30. 

]wic 49, 22 ; 147. 20 ; 

167,31; 177.22. 
]?aiiciaii, 17. 10 ; 242, 26. 
)»aiiool.mob, 102, 24. 
]?aiiQn, 177,9. 
Jwahoan, 6, 21. 
)waple, 267. 15. 
fewf, 160,4. 
^eappefT, 116, 26; 161. 

8. 
Jwccan, 8, 1 ; 196, 8. 
fepk. 2,6; 114,23. 
Jtcpijope, 46, 14. 
)>eU-f»fcen. 89, 17. 
]»eiibeii, 194, 3. 
ftniti 188. 24. * 
)>eob, 195,15; 208,21; 

226, 16. 
|ieob.ctniiis, 112, 11; 

118.* 14. 



^ih2.^\37JS: 



VERBAL INDEX. 



341 



)»eobeii,2, 7; 18»4; 183. 

5; 200. 27« 
)>eo(>eii-mabiii. 26, 20. 
)»eob-hcp2e. 130. 15. 
)»eob-lonb. 106.4; 133,15. 
Jieob-mae^en. 199. 21. 
)ieo8>mcapc. 187» 33. 
feclbjtxpe, 15, 11; 116. 

27; 211.19. 
feo-n^b, 234, 19. 
>eope. 166. 12. 
)«ojnan. 17.24; 18,4. 
)»eop-mexmeii, 134. 32; 

135,22. 
]ieop-iie8. 235. 18. 
]»eop-n5^. 122, 21. 
]acce. 43. 1 ; 124. 20 ; 

130.16. 
Jndice, 44, 6. 



^iSan. 290, 7. 

finj, 17, 13. 

JtuQoui, 252, 33; 292, 

28; 296.29. 
)K>liaii, 198, 1& 
)»paec, 189,9: 198.22. 
]*p«c-pof. 122, 22. 
)>|iali. 252, 34 ; 271.29. 
]»pazi^ 9,9. 
)»pea, 25. 5; 136. 24; 

234,18. 
}>pea-nieb.229,7: 234.19. 
)>peac2,3: 188.25. 
]»pea-peope. 45, 35. 
fjajz, 116. 13. 
Jipifte. 135, 10. 
]»popii, 21, 18. 
]ipop2®SA« 146, 14 ; 229. 
6. 



Ippyb^e. 119,28. 
]rp^l,16; 2.31; 5. 

12; 90.8; 148.1; 

242.26; 267,11. 
]»p}iiipexr.2.6; 114.22; 

200.27. 
)pp$1S. 135.6; 199.18. 
)nife. 187.32; 199.22. 
^ce. 18.5. 
^muin. 187. 32. 
^pihbpipm. 274. 33. 
Jmphjjebeb. 231. 8. 
^opli)«baii. 245. 16. 
^ujenb-mKlnxo. 279.11. 
ypeojkk, 145.30. 
^tpfen, 36. 26. 
^T^ie, 9, 9. 

Kixpo. 5* 13; 25. €j 
148. 1. 



ERKATA. 

213. Hue 14. iitu9.1ije] is. 1 Iutc no doubt, an error of the scribe for rne^d. 
243. note h, for benbmj rtad benbsu 
319. line 19* /or ejsb rtad ^bc. 

323. — 22,/orfpctvrM«rjpcrje(y:jueaO« 
318. — 33./orbfprM<;bjpe. 
329. — 23./«rhJnmre«rh/n«. 



4 

/ 



:)' 



•^•' 



3 2044 044 471 654 



•^w- 



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